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The Falling Water House

The Falling Water, a house for the Kauffman family built in the late 30`s was designed by
architect Frank Lloyd Wright, is located in Pennsylvania, USA. A masterpiece of architecture
that appropriates of the landscape and create a bond between two elements, architecture
and nature.
The approach of Wright was very unusual, because he decides to put the house over the
waterfall, instead of just establishing a visual relation between the house and the falls,
because of that decision the house, the waterfall and the environment become one, and the
house itself became center of the activities for the family, creating memories before and
after the house.
In the exterior, the house is radically different from everything that is around it, its an
integration which cause water, transparent and in movement that harmonizes the stone,
opaque and solid; in the interior the architect use an imaginary line from east to west to
take advantage the sun every room, also Wright design every furniture which it seem to be
an extension of the terraces in the interior, in the living room there is a stair to go down
closely to the water, creating a connection among the activities and the nature.

Bauhaus: The face of the 20th century

'The ultimate goal of all art is the building! Bauhaus manifest, Walter Gropius.
The Bauhaus begins has a vision of a German soldier, Walter Gropius, who after fighting in
the Great War realized that he should contribute to the world in different way, in something
new and a machine that could be tamed in benefit of man. This school invites the
architects, sculptors and painters to return to the origin of the artistic activity, the arts and
The first seat of the Bauhaus was Weimar, and the first years it was dominated by the
expressionists, such as Johannes Itten, who introduces the compulsory basic course, they
claim to express more than represent. With Moholy-Nagy at front of the foundation course
the Bauhaus, follow the Gropius ideal, but he focusses on the experimental work and no in
the productions for orders, its considered the most successful moment of the school. Years
later the Bauhaus had to left Weimar and translate to Dessau, a city in development witch
suit the new spirit of it, and with Hans Mayer being the director of the school the Bauhaus
enters in a process to satisfied the popular needs, but the Bauhaus was persecuted by the
Nazis due to his directors political affluences, so finally it was Mies Van der Rohe who take
the lead, and reject every aesthetics speculation, saying that architecture is the will of the
era expressed especially.
The Bauhaus history follow step by step the German history during those years, born with
the triumph of a Revolution in a defeated and humiliated Germany in Versailles. It has it
braking points in the defeat of the revolution of 1923 and follow the process of rightward
of the country suffering persecutions by the time it loses founding. The Bauhaus destiny was
marked for the ascent of Hitler and Nazism, that led it to close at the 30s.

Habitar el mundo material

Julian Andrs Gallego Ramrez
28 de septiembre 2016
Universidad Nacional de Colombia Sede Medelln

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