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i RESET: ;.AVIOLIN y, BOOK ONE ELERLnice ELEM A FOR STRINGS A COMPREHENSIVE STRING METHOD MICHAEL ALLEN + ROBERT GILLESPIE + PAMELA TELLEJOHN HAYES. ARRANGEMENTS BY JOHN HIGGINS CONGRATULATIONS! You have made one of the most rewarding decisions in your life by joining the orchestra, The key to succeeding with Essential Elements fr Strings 2600s your commitment to dally practice. Each time you learn a new note, count a new rhythm, or play a melody witha friend. you become a more accomplished musician. As you ontique to develop your skills, you will become increasingly aware of an abundance of opportunitles that are available inthe future, Musicians can teach, perform, conduct, or compose. No matter what profession you choose there are always opportunities available to you. You can play in community, cvic, or church orchestras, attend concerts, and become a supporter of the arts. Whether you choase music as a vocation or avocation, we hope it will become an important part of your Ife. We are tiled to welcome you to our orchestra family and wish you the very best for a lifetime of musical success. Tres {atnily includes the violin, vols, visloncello,and the double bass. The violin dates back to thé:J6th century. The early ancestors ofthe violin were the Arabian rebab and rebec, Popular cifig the 14th-6th centuries. During the 1500s there were two types of vils: the viola da - ae ‘on the knee, and the violi da braccia, played on the shoulder, 5 \_ Sasp8IB 8a Salo, an Italian instrument maker, developed the present day violin during the ‘eth cent. Da Salo and Nicolo Amati are credited with establishing the design of today’s Violin, whiGh has survived with only afew minor changes: Antonio Stradivari and the Guarneri and! bl families were famous instrument makers from the 17th and 18th centuries, ‘nd thei IBIS ace stil in use today. NITOIA 3HI 40 AYOISIH : very composer has written music forthe violin ineluding Johann Sebastian Bach, Ludwig vaf Bedthoven, and Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky. Famous violin performers include Midor!, 'saac Stern, Stéphane Grapelt Itzhak Perlman, Jascha Heifetz, Joshua Beil, and Mark O'Connor. I5BN 0-634.03817.6 Copyright © 2001 by HAL LEONARD CORPORATION International Copyright Secuted All Rights Reserved HAL*LEONARD® CORPORATION + Never touch the bow hait, Fingerboard ———— neck ———— Upper bout “C"bout “F* hole idge Sound post inside) Fine tuners Tailpiece Chin rest End button THE BOW Tip Stick Bow hair + Keep the bow in your case until directed by your teacher, Take Special Care ‘String instruments are delicate, Follow your teacher's uidelines in caring for your instrument, and it will last forever. + Follow your teacher's instructions when removing the instrument from the case. + Protect your instrument from heat, cold, and quick ‘changes in temperature, + Always wipe off the instrument with a soft dry cloth. Be sure to remove all fingerprints and rosin. + Place a cloth over the top of the violin before closing the case. Accessories + Rosin + Shoulder rest + Soft cloth + Extra set of strings Adjusting screw Ferrule Frog HOLDING YOUR INSTRUMENT ‘The best way to learn to play your instrument isto practice one skill at time. Repeat each step until you are comfortable demonstrating Itfor your teacher and classmates, ‘Many violin players begin by playing their instrument in guitar postion. As you learn the basics. your teacher wil help you change to shoulder position. Guitar Position Step 1 Place the instrument case lt on the lor with the handle facing you, Open the case and it the instrument apy the neck. Identify all parts ofthe voi. Step 2 Cradle the violin under your right arm. Raise the scroll to shoulder height. Be sure the back ofthe violin is flat against your stomach, Step 3 identify the tetter names of each string: G (lowest pitch),D,A,E. Step 4 aise your right thumb over the stings while continuing o hold the instrument. Pluck the stings as cirected by your teacher. Plucking the strings is called piziato, ond is abbreviated piss. Shoulder Position Step 1 (Standing) - Stand with feet about a shoulder’s width, apart. (Sitting) ~ Sit on the front part of the chair, Step 2 Tum yourleft oot tothe 10 o'clock postion. slide your right foot back, Adjust your position to place more weight on your lft fot ‘Step 3 Hold your instrument at eye level parallel tothe foot Curve your left hand around the upper bout. Find the «end button with your right hand, ‘Step 4 Bring the instrument down to your shoulder. The end button should be near the middle of your neck. Turn your head slightly to the left,and place your jaw on the chin rest. Be sure the scroll does not point toward the floor. Guitar Position Shoulder Position Beat = The Pulse of Music : . | ee ms 1. TUNING TRACK Wait quietiy for your teacher to tune your instrument. | 2. LETS PLAY “OPEN D” pee erereees | 0 ~1 Open string 3, LET'S PLAY “OPEN A” lez | 0 Keepasteady beat. 4, TWO'S A TEAM | 5. AT PIERROT’S DOOR The meiody ison your CD. ples. oe eee i 7. MIX ‘EM UP Pi Repeat Sign, Counting = com 1 Tp “bests per measure J or 8 gets one beat Te te signatures sh many beatarein “each measure and what | Kind of note gets one beat, ‘One beat 8. COUNT CAREFULLY Keep a steady beot when playing or resting les 3p toe down on the number and ‘up on “8.” Always count when playing or resting. Double Bar 9 i Repeatsign > | | & I oe Cons 18 2a 3a 48 Ta2zae3zsaga Te2esege 9. ESSENTIAL ELEMENTS QUIZ write in the counting betore you ploy. Teaersese #0 = Open string if 1= Ist finger Me e ay ge 3 = 3rd finger ‘Step 2 fring your hand to the fingerbosrd, Place your fiagers on the O string, keeping your hand shaped as shown below. Be sure your fist finger forms a square withthe fingerboard and your wrists relaxed and straight. 6 Is played with 3 fingers FH ployed wit 2tngers E sene with 1 finger (on the D string. on the D string, fon the D string. s Listening Skills laywhat yourteacher plays, Listen carefully, 10. LET’S READ “G” Start memorizing the note names. piez 3 : A sharp raises the sound of notes and remains in effect for the entire measure. Be Sharp’ — mminoutshapese canciones V1, LET’S READ “Fi” (F-sharp) | Play al F's. Sharps apply tothe entire measure, 12, LIFT OFF ET en SHAPING THE RIGHT HAND BOW BUILDER ONE Pencil Hold Step 1 Hold 2 pencilin your left hand at eye level. CFO \ Step 2 Hang your right fingers over the top of the pencil, as shown, Step 3 Place your right 4th finger on top ofthe pencil Step 4 Touch the tip of your right thumb tothe pe just opposite your 2nd Finger. The curve of your thumb wil form an oval withthe finger. Step 5 Lean your right hand so the first finger rests on top of the pencil between the Ist and 2nd joints. Keep your fingers relaxed, Remove yourleft hand from the pencil. Practice shaping your hand on the pencil unit feels natural to yo. Ske Practice BOW BUNDER ONE da 13, ON THE TRAIL sayorsing the note names before you play. i 14, LET'S READ “E” pice 15. WALKING SONG itz 3 : "9 cont) 62 m3 e4e 1h2 &3e4e TEPHZHE THIEZ ESE 16, ESSENTIAL ELEMENTS QUIZ Drow the missing symbols where they belong before you play é 41 4S 8 * PO) “Pencil Hold Exercises I'm Outta Here Finger Taps Wave good-bye while keeping your Tap your fist nger. Then tap your west relaxed, fourth finger Thumb Flexers Knuckle Turnovers Go Flex your thumb in and out. Turn your hand over and be sure your ‘thumb knuckle is bent as shown BOW BUILDER THREE Bowing Motions Swingin’ Out Put one finger inside your right elbow and swing your armas shown, 17, HOP SCOTCH Comte 2 8 384 e 12H seaR 1H 2S HGH THK HSE FE _sotzsongshavebeenanimportant part of cturesfor centuries and have been pssed on rom generation to generation. |B Fotcsongmecdies tip ene the stud of acotre oregon Tis fksony canes om he Sv ena eter Europe. 2 18. MORNING DANCE iG F , Siig Fel Song Gotonesttine. 1 SS o Place your instrument in shoulder position as shown on page 3. Then practice the following exercises with your left hand, Finger Taps ‘Tap fagertips on any string, Practice in afferent combinations offingers. Pull Aways Paull your lefthand away from the side ofthe neck vnle keeping the thump and fingers onthe instrument. Strummin’ Along ‘Strum the strings with your 4th finger while swinging your elbow under the violin as shown, 20. GOOD KING WENCESLAS 1 Keep fingers down when you se this bracket, 21, SEMINOLE CHANT phe Steummin’ Along + = r 2 Com 182 23846 162 e328 58 22, ESSENTIAL ELEMENTS QUIZ - LIGHTLY ROW 0 B Sher at Fer 4 Prepare Fe before ploying ows E A D G, B Gin | I D Epioves wit fingers CH irloreg tn 2 tages Briers ith ager onthe A string ‘onthe A string. onthe A string, Listening Skills Fiay what your teacher plays. Listen carefully. 23, LET'S READ “D” Piss 5 | 24, LET'S READ “Ci” (C-sharp) t ci Ge 2 Play allCxs, Sharps apply tothe entre meosure. 5 ) 25. TAKE OFF pissy } 26. CARIBBEAN ISLAND pissy 3 YL Practice BOW BUILDERS ONE, TWO, and THREE dally : ae 27. OLYMPIC HIGH JUMP 803 31, DOWN THE D SCALE remember to memorize the note names. piss cc 2 2 : - o 32, ESSENTIAL ELEMENTS QUIZ ~ UP THE D SCALE 2 OLE 80 On The Bow (Early Bow Hold) Step 1 identity all parts of the bow (see page 2).Hold the bow in your left hand near the tip with the frog pointing to the right. POT Step 2 Put your ight thumb and 2nd finger on the bow stick near the middle of the bow. Balancing The Bow Step 3. shape your right hand on the bow stick. 3s shown. ‘Step 4 Tuin your right hand over and be sure your thumb and fingers are curved. Step 5 Hold the bow and repest the exercises on page 8. Early Bow Hold @ Alert poor place your bow onthe instrument uni instructed todo so by your teacher 33, SONG FOR CHRISTINE 35. ESSENTIAL CREATIVITY How many words con you create by drawing notes on the staff below? EGS Example EG G that has been enjoyed by families for centuries. The game is especially popular in December around the time of Hanukkah. folksongs often tel sos, Tis tel folksong describes » game played witha ded snl eble-top spinning toy 3 36. DREIDEL Ee Israeli Folk Sonc a-dta eo CATE 2 Shadow Bowing Shadow Bowing is bowing without the instrument. Step 1 Tighten the bow hair as instructed by your teacher, Step 2 place the rosinin your let hand, Hold the bow at the balance point Step 3. shadow bow by slowly moving the bow backand forth fn the rosin. Be sure to move the bow, not the rosin, Down Bow MF _ Move the bow away from your body (to the right). Up Bow ——V_Movethe bow toward your boty to the le) 37. ROSIN RAP #1 sow these evarcses on the rosin, fer dade a ey Down Rest Up Rest. Down Rest Up Rest 38. a re #2 ts 1a ad dy 4d Up Down Rest Up Down Up Rest Down 39, ROSIN RAP #3 gad gag ed fd Down Up Rest Rest_ Down Up Rest Rest Down (7 Isyour bow hand shaped as shown in the diagram above? up gee jp vd. Hye chen Up ¥ Rest Down Rest o Up Up x Rest 3 Down 1d ete Rest Up Rest Up est Rest i ood by Up Down Up. Review these notes. White the letter names in the spaces below. e SS | 40. CAROLINA BREEZE piss, S| ES a Com 1 © 2834 4 @ 2 = Vee ean tacesaae Tareseas 41. JINGLE BELLS 4.5.Plerpont | | I i , i ‘American Folk Song PEE Practice BOW BUILDER FIVE dlly See range ain yeer yaa Austrian composer Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (1756-1791) wasa child prodigy who frst performed in concert at age 6. Helived ducing the time ofthe American Revolution (1775-1783). Mozart's musics melodic and imaginative. He wrote hhundreds of compositions, including a plano plece Based on this familar song, 43. A MOZART MELODY Adapied by W.A. Mozart re vo aia e 7 5 Ty, fre tS Key Signature Akay signature ells us what notes to play with sharps and ts throughout thet panier fntepe Pat oesteanaeadatesarcicomnletenyoiee ths ey sgaturesahich scaled" aor? 44, MATTHEW'S MARCH pice. : 4 Play Fes and Cis when you se this key signature 4 45. CHRISTOPHER’S TUNE Dies AG. ESSENTIAL CREATIVITY Picy the notes below: Then compose your own music forthe last two measures using the notes youhoveleamed with thisrhythm: =f og Jd di 2 bie tk BO ap LOT aE Early Bow Hold Regular Bow Hold Thumb Placement | Step 1 Hold theinstrument with your left hand on the Your teacher will suggest when to begin moving | upper bouts ilustated. your bow hand toward the frog as shown in the i Regular Bow Hold itustration, The tip of your | thumb will move to the place on the stick where | Step 2 Hold the bow at the balance point (Early Bow Hold). It touches the frog | Your right elbow should be slightly lower than your hand, Listening Skills ptay wnat yourteacher lays. Usten cael, Your one should be smeeth and even 47. BOW ON THE D STRING ‘asco ~+ Play withthe bowon the string, oh zi 6 | | | I ¥ ee String Levels Your arm moves when bowing on different strings ‘Memorize these guidelines: + Ralse your arm to play lower-ptched strings. Raise arm = lower strin 0 play 9 + Lower your arm to play higher-pitched strings. Lower arm = higher string 49. RAISE AND LOWER moyom me ee GES Sk =e ee Pimee-d won Peete vom oy = 2 ae Ee : === SSS SS SS * SSS Bow Lift > _Liftthe bow and return tots starting point, | 52. A STRAND OF D aoe 1 Bowtit yom ym ve mod Pg = = PSS 53. ESSENTIAL ELEMENTS QUIZ - OLYMPIC CHALLENGE novos 4 = oy Bails Uae teen | Bou eee Combining Both Hands Using notes from the D major scale, echo what your teacher plays. Example A: Teacher ‘Student Teacher Student Teacher student Example B: Teacher Student Teacher Student Teacher student | PUTTING IT ALL TOGETHE Congratulations! You are now ready to practice like an advanced When learning a new line of music follow these steps for success: Player by combining eft and right hand skills while reading music Step 1 Tap your toe and say or sing the leter names Step 2 Play ize. and say or sing the letter names. ‘Step 3. Shadow bow and say oF sing the letter names, ‘Step 4 Gow and play as written 54, BOWING “G” (Bow vty 0. ELEVATOR DOWN SSE SS ] Vedas ese teresa se tareseae Ta2zesaae gy es eeese Spee seen eevee gets gergggEEe age ELEC i 61. ELEVATOR UP 62, DOWN THE D MAJOR SCALE Special Violin Exercise ‘While he bosses ean a new note raw the bar ines in the music below. Then wrt in the counting. SSS SS r a Eighth Notes Sete ece ie ¥ Beam FD ensgnnnoe aazen dd dd woormmecignn na-nvn = 1 REighth Notes = teeat” = Tg 2 &—_Noteshaveabeam Bot Lt Lt acrossthe stems. btatr etat ‘Tap your toe down on the number and up on the“& 66. RHYTHM RAP Shadow bow and count before playing. symynm vomyaAyA ¥ vo AAA gio 140m {OT J4-} Com 2 2&3 24H TePHT Hoe TEPET HAE THPET ESE 67. PEPPERONI PIZZA GEER 68, RHYTHM RAP Shadow bow and count before playing. eaGeeteraun¥ar eater nat fouanaseeeree-a( Tesee/ jer eer =sseeeres-t0r) i iD ny cout @ 283444 TH2EF OFA TezeTE SE THIET EGE 69. D MAJOR SCALE UP = Tempois the speed of music, Tempo markings are usually written above the staff in alia. Allegro Fast tempo Moderate Medium tempo Andante - Slower, walking tempo Tempo Markings 70. HOT CROSS BUNS Moderato Sa 71, AU CLAIRE DE LA LUNE Andante French Folk Song eee eee 72. RHYTHM RAP Shadow bow and coun betraying, fe +f JLI_ [i OoLjon) = Comt @ 2a 3448 TH2EF H4e 1E2O3H4O 1 ezes eae 73. BUCKEYE SALUTE Moderato ied iives Z Time Signature Conducting = Quarternote gets one beat two beet pattern. 74, RHYTHM RAP Shadow bow and count before playing. n nov oomy¥ Ay & count: 4 © 1e26 1628 1828 75. TWO yn ~—- ES : ©’ Play the ist ending the 1st time through. Then, repeat the same section of music skip the Ist ending, and play the 2nd ending Ist & 2nd Endings ANOTHL 76. ESSENTIAL ELEMENTS QUIZ ~ FOR PETE’S SAKE Moderato 22, Half Note Half Rest E > +200 sistas SESS = SE Stare “Daze 77. RHYTHM RAP Shacow bow and count before plying Ns Y er) 1 1 14 fo ee ee 2 jee ee fo - ‘| Com 2H OAH ERE SESE Terese ae Tererade =| 79, THE HALF COUNTS a Eyal 30. GRANDPARENTS DAY Andante ‘American Folk Song 6 ' ok cll Repeat the section of music enclosed by the repeat signs. {if 1st and 2nd endings are used, they are played as usual — ‘but go back only tothe fist repeat sign, not to the beginning.) Repeat Signs $1. MICHAEL ROW THE BOAT ASHORE Moderat biy- pire 2. TEXAS TWO-STRING Hoiding your votn in shoulder postion, pss this exercise with your left hand 4th finger 44 = th finger pis, American Folk Seng ¥ —— ~~ | ee 0 e000 0 Sees eee Your ath finger is often Used to match the pitch of the next highest open string, creating a smoother tone and fewer changes between strings for bowing. 83. FOUR BY FOUR ot, German composer Ludwig van Beethoven (1770-1827) was one of the world’s greatest composers, He was completely deaf by 1802, Although he could not hear music ike we do, he could "hear’it in his mind, The theme of his final Symphony No.9 Is called “Ode To Joy.“and was writen to the text of a poem by Friedrich von Schillez“Ode To Joy” was featured in concerts Celebrating the reunification of Germany in 1990, 86. ESSENTIAL ELEMENTS QUIZ - ODE TO JOY Moderato = ERFORMANCE SPOTLIGHT HL God performers are on time with their instruments and mus ead, dressed appropriately and know their musie well 37, SCALE WARM-UP 3B. FRERE JACQUES ~ Round (ithen group A eaches @, group 8 begins ot O) Moderato French Folk Song z "woo ths sng aes tinea hd erhmeny Chord, Harmony massagers tesa eto 39. BILE ‘EM CABBAGE DOWN - Orchestra Arrangement Allegro v ‘American Fiddle Tune [5] ~ Measure umber Pie lei EE See Sec EE a Eee eee PERFORMANCE SPOTLIGHT 90. ENGLISH ROUND Andante py Oa EEE ton eee i oS Se 91. LIGHTLY ROW - Orchestra Arrangement Moderato @ i ; ‘ Ali@ Fs eee a) a = Hv ono Oetach (89-8 si gare opera ndlneeca nope form of entertainment that combines several of the fine arts together: vocal and instrumental ‘music, drama, dance, and visual 3 oe Sec tinction ve oer ste Opens Meiers ito ueteene le esate ee See SEE EEE Heer eee fe ee eee ee tee eee 92. CAN-CAN - Orchestra Arrangement Allegro eee . I. APE Jacques Otfenbac ‘Are John Higain Vv \What were the strong points of your performance? E A, D G A Be¢ Sass B eircom PVE caaued eiecane Saeed Listening Skills play what your teacher plays. Listen carefully = Ledger ines jg New Key Signature = Ledger Lines G MAJOR =e Ledgeriines Play all F's as Fé (F-sharp} and ali C’s as C4 (C-natural). Ledger lines extend the music staff higher or lower. 3. LET’S READ “G” 4 Play F#'s and C's inthis key signature. a a 4, LET'S READ “C” (C-natural) 5. LETS READ “BY” 97. WALKING AROUND Nemeth cebu po. -, : ., z Time Signature C = commontime Conductin: z “ Practice conduct: z (Meter) 9 some os f 7 | \ this fourbeat pater. g | 100. LOW DOWN 101, BAA BAA BLACK SHEEP Moderato ee PRnTG BFE 102. ESSENTIAL ELEMENTS QUIZ ~ THIS OLD MAN Moderato 4 aL. “ “ « « SS 7 tut Sr measur A] As Practice conductin F ee he Pei Dotted Half Note d. + - 390%, [dion = dd = teaeae Adaptive 9 past ex = Stes reitit errs _ aE Se oe 103. RHYTHM RAP Shadow bowand count before playing. - v cust 4 2 8 3 # 14 2 £3 @ terze de 14283 8 104. COUNTING THREES 105. D MAJOR SCALE IN THREES 106. FRENCH FOLK SONG Moderato : French Folk Song 107. ESSENTIAL ELEMENTS QUIZ - SAILOR’S SONG Allegro ee ee ee ee ee ee ee ee ee ee ee ee peddle Play a single note for the combined counts af the tled notes. wa = 2 beat g 111, SMOOTH SAILING 113, CROSSING STRINGS 30 A note (or notes) that appears before the first full measure is called an upbeat (or pickup). i Upbeat The remaining beats are found in the lst measure 116, SONG FOR MARIA Andante =] a sara? 4 ASS o and Portuguese cultures. Melodies often feature a lively accompaniment by drums, maracas,and claves. Latin American. 5 Latin American music combines the folk music from South and Central America, the Caribbean Islands, African, Spanish, 32 _ styles have become part of jaz, classical, and rock music. Z Play until you see the D.C. al Fine. Then go back to the beginning and play until you see Fine D.C. al Fine (eenzy) 0.c.is the abbreviation for Da Capo, the Italian term for"retum to the beginning” Fine isthe italian word forthe finish.” 117, BANANA BOAT SONG Nogert = j35=— 255 dee Glic 118, FIROLIRALERA - Orchestra Arrangement Allegro Mexican Folk Song Aer John Higgins Caribbean Felk Seng a Te E sia BUmERs - 6 mojor 119, os ae a 2 Slur three aed = Far Eastern music comes from Malaysia ndonesia,China and other areas. Historians believe the frst orchestres,known 25 gamelans existed in this region as early 2s the 1st century BC Today's gamelan include rebabs (spiked fides), gongs, aylophones, and a wide variety of percussion instruments, ‘AAMOLSIH 125. JINGLI NONA Allegro pit ‘ ey Fes erly 6 oP Pets Far Eastern Folk Sone Whereis beara? 4 32 [TAMIL TTL eee) “Lew 2nd Finger Step 1 Stop 2 Shape your left hand. Bring your hand tothe {as shown. Be certain fingerboard. Your Ist and ‘your palm faces you 2nd fingers touch. There Notice your 2nd finger isa space between your lightiy touches your 2nd and 3d fingers. and Ast finger. between your 3 and ath fingers. E A, F D G, is played with ow 2nd finger fon the D string Listening Skills E Natural 4 126, LET’S READ “F” Play what your teacher plays. Listen carefully ‘A natural sign cancels 2 flat 6) or sharp (f) and remains in effect for the entire measure (F-natural) 4 ~ Low 2nd finger nm 5 Half Step Whole Step A half step isthe smallest distance between two notes. ‘Awhole step is two half steps combined. 127, HALF-STEPPIN’ AND WHOLE STEPPIN’ ~ Wastep 128, SPY GUY igh 2nd fioger i fn ' Wastep Whole step Whole step 129. MINOR DETAILS qe CTT Tsar Low 2nd Finger On The A String Shape your left hand on the A string as shown, isplayed with low 2ne finger fon the A string, Listening Skills ay notyourteocher pays Ute areal 130. LET‘S READ a (C-natural) ¢ Bite = 131, a STEP a WHOLE STEP REVIEW See Eee eS SEES eee aaa t + - + be f: = 2 a eo - 6 ey St ee, ls 5 Z i Chromotice Ciemateramanseains muptinaineans Aconscrnstocines — 132. Aeesueiells moves t ote 2 [fe Fw eo : : oor jie pote oe |e 2} 133, THE STETSON SPECIAL 134, BLUEBIRD'S SONG Allegro. eras Folk Son ee | Key Signature sues — 135. © MAJOR SCALE - Round ® Duet 136. SPLIT DECISION - Duet 137. OAK HOLLOW Moderato ‘composition with two cifferent parts played together 138. A-TISKET, A-TASKET Allegro rr secon half ofthe 1800s many composers tried to express the spr of thelr own country by wilting music with Fasting national flavor. Listen tothe music of Russian composes suchas Borie Tchaikovsky, and Rimsky-Korsakov. They often used folk songs and dance rhythms to convey the natonalsn, Bese ea the sounds you hear, 139. ESSENTIAL ELEMENTS QUIZ ~ RUSSIAN FOLK TUNE And; ante Russian Fotk Song ca roel ate aaa recee nag tac ener cece neereeecce Po eee sees @ Allert. this page mixes finger patterns, Watch for low second finger (Ci) and high second finger (8) 140. BINGO Allegro 18th Century English Game Sone 4 PES Whereis boot 2? English composer Thomas Tallis 1505-1585} served as royal court composer during the reigns of Henry Vil Edvard V Mary, and Elizabeth |. Composers and artists during this era wanted to recreate the artistic and scientific glories of ancient Greece 5 ‘and Rome. The great artist Michelangelo painted the Sistine Chapel during Talis lifetime. Rounds and canons were popular forms of music during the early 16th century. Divide into groups, and play or sing the Tallis Canon as a 4-part round. 141, TALLIS CANON - Round Moderato Thomas Talis jati ‘Theme and Variations isa musical form where a theme, or melody, followed Theme and Variations Oy iernt versions of the ome these ‘NSORHL 142. VARIATIONS ON A FAMILIAR SONG. Moderato Gree aes Variation | Fd dp rd Variation 2 - make up your own variation 143. ESSENTIAL CREATIVITY - THE BIRTHDAY SONG ; Moderato ; ny " SS ‘Now play the ine again and create your own rhythm, Special Violin Exercise rte the note names below. Then write stories using as many note names at possible. Share your work ith orchesta ends == Great musicians give encouragement to their fellow performers. Viola and cello players will now learn Team Work pau Challenging notes. The success of your orchestra depends on everyone's talent and patience, Play your best as these sections advance their musical technique. Listening Skills Pay whet yourteacher nays Listen crcl, Review 144, LET’S READ “¢ 145. LET’S READ “F” - Review = v 147. LET’S READ “D” ~ Review = Vv 148. SIDE BY SIDE jame ihe notes before you play 149. € MAJOR SCALE 64 al: (OR eR ORO REC Re Eee ecg CEEeC Pee eeeee Tae eEPEE TEEPE EEE I EL Whole Rest Whole Note ‘A Whole Measure of Silent Beats ° me = 4 Beats Te2rezage 150. RHYTHM RAP Shadow bow and count before playing, SS rr Com 1 e263 44a 18243444 18283046 1ereZEde 151. SLOW BOWS, ee Slow Bow Bow—_, 152. LONG, LONG AGO Moderato Arpeggio 153. € MAJOR SCALE AND ARPEGGIO be = SpE Z ap pins e 1 oe 154, LISTEN TO OUR SECTIONS Vioin Viola Cello Ver Bs Yin. Via Whole Rest Half Rest i hangs from astaffline. staffline ~~ 18283442 18283448 ° Slow Bow-—___, An arpeggioisa chord whos pitches ae played one at atime Your frst aipeggo ses the zg g — Arpeagio alt 6c, Jat 155. MONDAY’S MELODY Moderato - fe | 38 PERC ICC eas) E A, D G, 's played with 3 fingers is played with 2 fingers Fi otee tn toes fon the E string, fon the E string, fon the E string, Listening Skills eteywnotyourteacher pays. Listen cxetly, 156. LET’S READ “E” Oe ee 157. LET’S READ “A” a+ . A ef SS 158, LET'S in “G" 6 ber 159. LET’S READ “Fé” (F-sharp) Fi — eo 160. MOVING ALONG Wame the notes before you play. abet tear aaa _— Te ee - | ° 36 i 162, SHEPHERD'S HEY Moderato English Folk Song Qieper Gert ter ord: Spica 163. BIG ROCK CANDY MOUNTAIN Allegro American Folk Song or Se TerStee Cae i Is played with 4 fingers on the E string Listening Skills play what your teacher plays. Listen carefully | 164. LET’S READ “B” p gift theft 165. ICE SKATING Moderato v a eer et f= 166, ESSENTIAL ELEMENTS QUIZ - ACADEMIC FESTIVAL OVERTURE THEME Moneree Johannes Brahms | | | B@ercerern —o— 40 1 fP Staccato notes are marked with adot above or below the note. A staccato note is played with Staccato den Pee ec tetra 167, PLAY STACCATO poe] | 168. ARKANSAS TRAVELER Allegro Southern American Folk Song & skin Bumpers - ¢ mojor 169. 170. 172, 'y 4th finger on Astring = open E pitch 4 > 173. 5 Ee rr EE aS lr. eS lUlUreellU Eee HEHE Ss S&S we. a i Z = Hooked bowing is two or more notes played in the same direction with Hooked Bowing vee a stop between each note. 174, HOOKED ON D MAJOR 176. POP GOES THE WEASEL Allegro EB skit Buwers - ¢ vejor 177. n 178, pagename nnn oe Dynamics oynamics tellus what volume to play or sng. Sorte Play loudly. Add more weight tothe bon. P no) Pay sot. Remove weight om the bow 181. FORTE AND PIANO: acide 182. SURPRISE SYMPHONY THEME Andante & Franz Josef Haydn = in = ¢ eS AE Skit BUILDERS - sccies ond Arpogsios ‘yu 9m yates te nese 183. D MAJOR 184. G MAJOR fn 185. G MAJOR n 186. € MAJOR n 187, C MAJOR (Lower Octave -viola ond colo) n v fe EEE EE —_=— we to ee a PERFORMANCE SPOTLIGHT 188. CRIPPLE CREEK - Orchestra Arrangement {A= Melody end B = Harmony) panics eaueare Allegro 7 ‘Arc Michael Allen in Is from Kenya. The words describe warriors as they prepare for battle, Listen to examples of Aftican folk music and describe ‘Aiea isa lrge continent made up of many nations and Afican folk musics as diverse as its many cultures. This folk song 3 the sound. 2 189, TEKELE LOMERIA - Orchestra Arrangement Kenyan Warrior Song Moderato 1 Attdohn Higgins n tf n. PERFORMANCE SPOTLIGHT {alan composer Gloachino Rossin (1722-1860) wrote some ofthe word's favorite operas “William Tel was Rossnis last opera, and its popular theme is stil heard on television, 190. WILLIAM TELL OVERTURE - Orchestra Arrangement Allegro Gioachino Rossini ‘Arr Joha Higgins 191. ROCKIN’ STRINGS ~ Orchestra Arrangement Moderato PEM a Set [-——__ ——--— a PERFORMANCE SPOTLIGHT 192. SIMPLE GIFTS ~ Orchestra Arr cate igur f gue ya ay, oee pfofatt eres tte eae pie oe foe pe 46 PERFORMANCE SPOTLIGHT ‘A A 20s a composition witten for one player, often with piano accompaniment. This solo was Solo with Piano wien by Johann Sebastian Bach (1685-1750) Yousnae piano accompanist can perform for Accompaniment _ te orchestra, your school, your family.and at other occasions. When you have learned the piece wel ry memorizing it. Performing or an audience san exciting pat of being involved in music 193. MINUET NO. 1 - Solo Johann Sebastian Bach Moderato ‘Ar John Higgins SS — = FF J Improvisation mpeaten siete 3 194, RHYTHM JAM. Using the following notes,improvise your own shyth. | \ o | <= | o : "E REFERENCE INDEX Definitions (p3) Allegro 20 Repeat Sign 5 Alto Clef 5 iviolop Repeat Signs (enclosed) 22 Andante 20 Round 24 Aco 16 Sele 11 ‘Arpegaio 37 Shadow Bowing 13 Bartines 4 sharp 6 BassClet 5 (cello& bass) slur 29 Beat 4 Solo 46 Bow tit 17 Staccato 40 Chord 24 Tempo Markings 20 Chromatics 33 ‘Theme And Variations 35 Common Time 27 Tie 29 Counting 5 Time Signatvre 5 DcalFine 30 Treble Clef § (violin) Dotted Half Note 28 UpBow 13 Double far 5 Upbeat 30 Down Bow 13 Whole Nore 37 vet 34 Whole Rest 37 Dynamics 42 Whole Step 32 Eighth Notes 20 Ist& 2nd Endings 21 Fone 7) 42 Composers HalfNote 22 JOHANN SEBASTIAN BACH HatfRest 22 + Minuet No.1 46 Half step 32 LUDWIG VAN BEETHOVEN Harmony 24 + Ode To Joy from Sym.No.9} 23 Serer sea! JOHANNES BRAHMS, paren etett + Academic Festival Overture Theme 39 Key Signature 15 FRANZ JOSEF HAYDN Seer at Surprise Symphony Theme 42 Measures 4 WOLFGANG AMADEUS MOZART Atozact Melody 15 Measure Number 24 Moderato 20 Music Staff 4 JACQUES OFFENBACH Natural 32 + Can-Can From ‘Orpheus And The Underworld 25 Piano (#) 42 Pickup 30 GIOACCHINO ROSSINI Wiliam TellOverture 44 Piazicato pics) QuarterNote 4 THOMAS TALLIS Quarter Rest 4 + Tallis Canon 35 World Music AFRICAN, Tekele Lomeria 43 AMERICAN + Arkansas Traveler 40 + Big Rock Candy Mountain 39 + Bile'€m Cabbage Down 24 + Bluebirds Song 33 + Cripple Creek 43 + Grandparents Day 22 + Michael Row The Boat Ashore 22 + Old MacDonald Had A Farm 14 + Monday's Melody 37 + PopGoesTheWeasel 41 + SkipToMy Lou 35 + Simple Gifts 45 + This Old Man 27 CARIBBEAN. Banana Boat Song 30 ENGLISH + Bingo 35 + English Round 25 + Sallor’sSong 28 Shepherd's Hey 39 FAR EASTERN Jingh Nona 31 FRENCH AtPietror’s Door 22 AuClaire DeLatune 20 French Folk Song 28 Freie Jacques 24 MEXICAN Firlialera 30 RUSSIAN Russian FolkSong 34 stavic + Morning Dance 8 WELSH + Good King Wenceslas 9 TRADITIONAL HOLIDAY MUSIC + Decide! 13 + Jingle Bells 14 a a i i i i a I a a A A A a A A 4 a 8