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ADMINISTRATIVE LAW ABSTRACT

An overview of Administrative Tribunals in India and UK


Key Words Administrative Tribunals Act,1885, Adjudication, Speedy Justice, Article 323-A,
Article 323-B, (UK) Tribunals,Courts and Enforcement Act 2007.
Administrative Tribunals are the administrative agencies as they deals with the decisionmaking of administrative units of government. It is a Quasi-Judicial body as it has powers and
procedures resembling those of a court of law or judge. Administrative Tribunals came into
existence in India by the act Administrative Tribunals Act, 1885 which provides for the
adjudication or trial by Administrative Tribunals of disputes and complaints with respect to
recruitment and conditions of service of persons appointed to public services and posts in
connection with the affairs of the Union or of any State or of any local or other authority within
the territory of India or under the control of the Government of India. The purpose of the Act was
to provide speedy justice to the public servants. The Administrative Tribunals Act,1885 provides
three types of tribunals Central Administrative Tribunals, State Administrative Tribunals and
Joint Administrative Tribunals. Tribunals were added in the Constitution by Constitution (Fortysecond Amendment) Act, 19761 as Part XIV-A, which has two articles.
The tribunal system of the United Kingdom is part of the national system of administrative
justice with tribunals classed as Non-Departmental Public Bodies (NDPBs). The Tribunals,
Courts and Enforcement Act 2007 created a new structure for tribunals and consists of the
qualified members of tribunals as members of the judiciary of the United Kingdom. The UK
tribunal system is headed by the Senior President of Tribunals.
The main motive of the administrative tribunals was to provide speedy justice but the
decisions of the tribunals can be challenged in the High Court and the Supreme Court which is
hindering the tribunals in achieving their main motive of giving speedy justice.

Submitted by Bhagwat Sharma, BC0140019


1 Article 323-A deals with Administrative Tribunals, Article 323-B deals with tribunals
for other matters.