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= [7-5 Student's Book catherine McBeth ra MACMILLAN SS + Communication verbs * Present simple » Adverbs of frequency ® Present continuous * Adjectives ‘= Technology Past simple ‘= Abook review: Listening: A discussion: = Phrasalverbs: © Past continuous TheWinterofour Apps communication iar ia oni Disconnect Spices ee wd Hal (@ Social awareness” engings: dl, and id! | = MRE Social media «= Sentence stiess «+ Adventure sports» Present perfect © Aweb profile: + Listening: ane + -edand ing * Present perfect with ‘Aaron “Wheel” ATV programme: Sport adjectives time expressions Fotheringham Relief * Present perfect and past yy Socialawareness + Pronunciation: simple The emergency Contractions (present Grammar in context: services perfect) The Olympics * Visual arts ‘Quantity: some/ony, * Afeatureartile: _* Listening: Agalleytour:| at the * Body art and (too) muchimany, 0 few — Artthat ticks inthe Queen Elizabeth | = decoration ‘and. lot of mind Pronuncator a * tooand.not enough 4 SoctaLawareness sounds: ght een = * Gerunds and infiniives Body decoration» Word stress: compound Grammar in context: around the worid nouns Dorion Gray THAT'S LIFET « Life events = Future tenses ‘= Anewspaper ‘Listening: A discussion: page 42 © Uses of get Adverbs of possibility article: Anam The future ‘and probability coincidence? = Pronunciation: ‘can, could andwillbe 4g Soclatawareness Contractions (modal verb ‘able to ‘Young people and Linking words Grammar in context: the law Little Women Rubbish and + First conditional + Anonline news ® Listening: A discussion: recycling = willand might story: Recycled Quiz results Theenvironment: _* Second conditional Island: a fantastic 6 Pronuncat word families Grammar in context: place made of plastic jn conditional sentences Werisand nouns) gobinson Crisoe waste? ' © Social awareness Climate change Job sectors ‘+ Modals oF obligation, © Amagazine article: Listening: Aradio Personal qualities prohibition and no Let's face its programme: Work ‘bligation bright idea experience: © should { shouldn't yg Social awareness Pronunciation: Negative Grammar in context: Vocational and prefixes This is tondon. academiceducation Silent ‘came and + Present and past © Areport: Aday in * Listening: Adescription: | = criminals passive: affirmative and thelifeof..aCCTV __Actime scene investigator] = gay Fighting crime: negative operator ‘+ Pronunciation: Weak | = osm verb + noun + Actieand passive gy Social awareness forms: was waz! and were) = Wet collocation + Presentand past Forensic science watt passive: questions and answers ‘Grammar in context: The Sign of Four Global issues ® who, which and where « Listening: A presentation Citizenship: word © Indefinite pronouns Charities families (nouns ® used to Champion Awards « pronunciation: Difficult ‘and adjectives) Grammarin context: Social awareness sounds: /u and is! Nelson Mandela Civil ights « Revision: Vocabulary + Revision; Grammar « Grammarin context Willam Shakespeare + Reading strat EXTERNAL EXAM ‘TRAINER 3 superlatives » Pronunciation: 2 in comparatives » Speaklng: Talking about tikes and dstkes * Aproductreview * Webquest: Find out more [lSpeaidngs nroducing Writing focus: about the Maushart family yourself Adverbsotdegree © Culture video: Media = * Ablog + Web quest: presentation || Speaking: Describing 2 Writing focus about Nitra Cireus photo i eathcare soand because ‘© Calture video: Extreme sports iageto8, - Speaking: emergency call Be the art gallery * Aforand.against » Web quest: Watchavideo __{) Speaking:Pair-work Bing: Visitor information essay * Culture video: New Zealand activity ing: An audio-tour Writing focus: page 110 19g & Speaking: Giving opinions @ Connectors of contast and adition BPvtations and celebrations * Aninformal letter * Web quest: Leap years © Speaking: Discussing 2 Aeading: An invitation Wiitng focus: * Culture video: Teen cuture | topic Ustening: Voicemail messages informal language page2 Writing & Speaking: Iitavions ih the news + Afundrssing poster Web ques: Polltion * Listening: util i Reading: A news atce Wtng focus: + Culture video: wwe choice petures © Ustening: A news story Using synonyms ageing * Weting & Speaking: Discussing the news @® 1 Getting advice © forma + Web quest: ‘Buy My Face’ 1 Litening: Mute Reading: Quaiicatons eur ectes * Culture video: Working at the | ghoiceanswers Listening: Advice Organising aformal Weekend page n6 |= Writing & Speaking: Making requests — letter A.crime mystery * Aschool magazine © Web quest: Webcams around |W Listening: Completing antici the word notes + Reading: robbery i Listening: interviews Writing focus: a-cilameyies eae page ns * Writing & Speaking: Agreeing and disagreeing @ Sentence adverbs hoo! council elections * Abiography * Web quest: Chaitiesinyour —lLetenng: Yes / No Reading: A poster Witing focus: country seatvity Listening: A cilogue Connectors oftine _* Culture video: Promoting page 120 Wilting & Speaking: Pesuacing people and Sequence shares At a language School « Reading: Awebsite « Listening: Adalogue ® ‘Speaking and Listening: + Writing & Speaking: An interview @® © Revision: Writing » Culture video: sic Final exam age 122 | mi How do people signal hello and goodbye in your country? What Vocabulary other kinds of body language ; do people use? Communication verbs 16 Listen and repeat the words in the box. Which words can you see in the pictures the q chat listen phone text smile laugh kiss shake hands nod bow shake yourhead wave 2 Read the quiz. How many commun correct answers. verbs from exercise 1 can you find? Then choose the ye eerie Poni penning noes " Be Se ee ere 1p a} Yes, animals are eet La cores qo WS'ar gees gt siansuy B Read the Look! box. How do you say 4 Choose the correct words. the words in bold in your language? jow do you (2) say / talk kiss in French? B: | don't know! Let's ask Marie; she (2) tells / speaks < French. tell someone something say something (to someone) talk (to someone) about something speak a language C: Come here! | want to (3) say / tell you a secret. D:Wait a minute! I'm (4) talking / saying to my sister. can't hear the teacher. What's she (5) speaking / saying? F: She's (6) talking / telling about English vocabulary. Grammar Present simple 1 Study the table, How is the third person form different? present si + [1/You speak English Present continuous 6 Study the table. Write the same examples in your notebook with we / they. + [I'm listening to music at the moment. ? | Dowe / they study art? Yes, they do. / No, they don't. Does he / she play tennis? Yes, he / she does. / No, he / she doesn’ | = [He / She doesn’t speak Chinese. | 2 Copy and complete the present simple questions. Then answer the questions. 4 Where ... (you / live)? 2 How... (you / get to school)? 3 ~. (your friends / study Japanese)? 4 What time... (this class / finish)? 5 How often... (your teacher / give homework)? Adverbs of frequency 3 Copy and complete 1-3 with often, sometimes, usually and rarely. 100% mever (1). 2)... G).. __@)... always Remember! Adverbs of frequency go before most verbs, but after be. Expressions of frequency every day / week ‘once a month / twice a year 4 Write questions using How often your classmates / laugh? classmates laugh? 1 you / speak English? 2 you / listen to music? 3 you / text your friends? 4 your friend / call you? 5 Work in pairs. Ask and answer the questions in exercise 4. Use adverbs and expressions of frequency. @ How often do your classmate: @ They often laugh? h, They laugh every Siti + = [You're not watching TV now. ? [Is he studying? Yes, he is. / No, he isn’t. 7 Correct these sentences to make them true for ‘you. Write one affirmative and one negative sentence. I'm studying Russian now. I'm not studying Russian now. 'm studying English 1 My teacher is sleeping. 2 We're watching television. 3 My classmates are chatting on the phone. 4 I'm wearing shorts. 5, My parents are lying on the beach. SExXPRESS VOURSELS ‘8 Work in pairs. Ask and answer questions about the pictures. @ What are the nan and woman doing? @ Theyre shaking hands ~ Vocabulary Adjectives 1 ©EED Match the opposite adjectives in boxes Aand B. Then listen, check and repeat. common # unusual A B commen good || small unusual bad hot new tall || wet old difficult big easy dry short cold 2 Read the Word builder. Copy and complete aand 2 with similar or opposite. Rieleee eau ‘Synonyms and antonyms. Antonyms are (2)... words. difficult # easy Synonyms are (2)... difficult = hard ards. ‘3 Copy the pairs of words. Add = for synonyms or # for antonyms. 1 big. large warm ... cool 2 rapid ... fast 5 small ... little 3old ... new 6 rainy .. wet 4 ©EMD Read and listen to the text. Then write a list of all the adjectives in the text. Which ones are comparative or superlative adjectives? 5 Read the text again and match 1-5 with ae. 1 four a) population of London 2 1,000 km b) British families with a pet 3 12°C ©) countries in the UK 4 8 million d) temperature in Cornwall 5 52% e) length of the UK 6 Answer the questions with information from the text. 4 How many people live in the UK? 2 What are the four capital cities of the UK? 3 What was the fastest bike journey from Land’s End to John O°Groats? ‘4 What are the most popular girls’ and boys? names? 5 What are the most common pets? PWN Ve eleirm del Op ‘@4 There are four countries in the United Kingdom: England, Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland. The total population is about 62 million. 4 Cornwall is the warmest place in the ‘UK — the average annual temperature there 1s about 12°C. The coldest place is in Scotland. 8 The UK's four capital cities are London, Cardiff, Edinburgh and Belfast. London is the biggest, with more than 8 million inhabitants. 4 Great Britain is about 1,000 km long, from north to south. When people cycle from Land's End to John O'Groats, it usually takes about two weeks. The fastest bike journey there : was 41 hours! : ‘4 Families are smaller than they used : to be. The average British family : has now got 1.8 children. The most ; popular names are Harry for boys and Amelia for girls 8 About 52% of British families have got a pet. ‘The most common pets are dogs, cats ‘and fish. Grammar and Speaking 2) : Comparatives and superlatives 1 Copy and complete the table. Check the spelling rules on page 19. 5 adjective ‘comparative ‘superlative ] short adjectives long longer the longest fat (.. the fattest easy easier Qn | long adjectives difficult GB). the most difficult common more common @.. inegular adjectives | good better 6). bad oO. the worst [far further the furthest 2 Copy and complete the sentences with the comparative form of the adjectives in the brackets. Do you agree with the sentences? 4 English is... (difficult) than Spanish, 2 PEis... (easy) than maths. 3 Our teacher's ... (old) than us. 4 Manchester United are ... (good) than Arsenal. 5 The name Pablo is ... (popular) than Gumersindo. 5 Match answers a-e with the quiz questions in exercise 4. Write full sentences. in Britain is The Shard. a) Ben Nevis, Scotland (1,344 m). b) The British Museum, London, ©) The Shard, London (309 m). d) The River Severn (354 km). e) Loch Lomond, Scotland (71 km: )EXPRESS YOURSELF 3 Write comparative sentences about these places. Use the adjectives in brackets or your ‘own ideas. © Write superlative sentences that are true for you using the adjectives in brackets. In pairs, 1 Australia / Britain (near / far) ‘ask and answer the questions: 2 Asturias / Andalucia (wet / dry) 3 South Africa / Canada (hot / cold) 4 Barcelona / Cadiz (cheap / expensive) 5 the USA / Ireland (big / small) (Young) person in my family Who is the you The younge your family? my cousin, 4. (interesting) place in my town 2 (bad) school subject 3 (good) school sport 4 (old) person in my family 5 (funny) person in this class 4 Copy and complete the quiz questions with the superlative form of the adjectives in brackets. QUIZ: Do you know all about Britain? Gall) building? : (popular) tourist attraction’ What's what's ‘What's ... chigh) mountain? What's .. (bid) lake? ‘What's ... Gong) river? & Pronunciation lab: /3/in G6mparatwvesupagenae RR (a i You can also play pool and table tennis, or just at and have a laugh with your friends, eae Crt El) 1 Read the information on the posters. Then answer the questions, 4 Where is the Youth Club? 2 How much does it cost? 3 What film can you watch on Film Night? 4 What time are they meeting to go ice skating? 5 When is Party Night? 6 What's happening on Friday ath October? 2 Look at the information again. Which night do you prefer? Why? toayouth club inmy town, What do & you usually do on Friday evenings? f ¥ A trip to the ice rink ~ come and have a go! Meet at 19.30 to catch the bus. eee ci ai watch the final part of The Hobbit on the big screen. 36 Where is Chloe? Where is Lisa? Listen to Chloe's phone conversation. 4 Listen again. Choose the correct words. 1 Lisa is watching TV / doing her homework. 2 Chloe is / isn’t having a good time. 3 Lisa wants to go shopping / play tennis tomorrow. 4 They agree to meet at 11.00am / 43.30am. 5 It's Party Night / Film Night at the Youth Club. Let's think about the song playlist for the Party Night. Do you like Will Robins? What's your favourite song? How about Players? OK, that’s fine. | like that too. Oh, no. | can’t stand them! 'd rather something by Finn Woods. They're better than Bankside. | really like Living there. That’s quite popular, Yes; how about Gems? 5 Ben and Chloe are making a playlist for the Party Night. Listen to the dialogue, Which three songs are on the playlist? 6 Listen again and repeat. Practise your intonation, Gorn 7 Prepare a new dialogue. First, write three songs that you like. Write the name of the song and the singer or the band. & Write your new dialogue in your notebook. Write both parts. Use the model dialogue and your notes from exercise 7 to help you. Yes, great idea! Yes, | love him! No, | prefer Lave. ‘And what about Bankside? Do you like them? Really? What else do you like, then? OK. | don’t mind Finn Woods. Which song do you like best? Great! And let’s have something by Bright Things, too, Perfect! OK. We've got three songs so far! Cara ‘9 Work in pairs, Take turns to practise your dialogues, Do you tike Yes, I ove him! 10 Act your dialogue for the class. Talking about likes and dislikes Do you like... ? Yes, | love / really like it! No, | hate / can’t stand it! | don't mind. What else do you like? Which song do you like best? What's your favourite song? Technology Vocabulary and Speaking Make a list of all the gadgets that you use in your free time. How many of them are for ‘communicating with other people! 1 ©.END Listen and repeat the words in blue in the quiz. Which ones can you see in the pictures? Are you addicted to technology? music! ‘of course) invention? it before? 5) Maybs ©) Of course! 2 Do the quiz. What's your score? 3 Find words in the quiz that mean .. 1 atelephone that is not a mobile phone. 2 awebsite like Facebook or Tuenti. 3 different types of application software. 4 you can use computer programs and save data through the internet. § real-time communication over the internet. EXPRESS YOURSELF 4 Work in pairs. Ask and answer the questions. 4. Which of the words in blue are things that you own or use? 2 What's your favourite gadget? Why? 3 What's the longest period you've spent without using gadgets? Why couldn't you use them? 1) Cloud computing ~ how did we live without ©) Nodea. | prefera sme ie! 0) Apps - they're amazing! © ould you lve without technology? a) Wht, no instant messaging? No way! iad a TV anda landline. (@ What do you always carry with you? 1a) Money and my mobile phone b) My mobile and earphones - I can't live without ifTremember! = y ©) My laptop /e-reader, mobile (and charger " © Wat's the fist thing you do when you get home from school? 2) | update my rote on my favourte social ‘networking site and chat to my fiends. 8) do my homenoxk or pay football ¢) | watch TV or play on my games console. © Inyour opinion, whats the best technological ‘8-10 You're sbitota ‘echnophobe, but you're ood at real ite! ‘1-14 Technology your frend but ma your master = 15-16 You need a digital detox. Thor's more tite than gadgets! = Reading A book review 5 SEED Look at the book cover, title and pictures on page 11. Choose the correct answer. Then read, listen and check. The book is about a family who... a) moved to a new home in a different country. b) participated in a reality show on TV. ©) didn’t use any gadgets for six months. Read the text and answer the questions. 4 How old were Susan’s children? 2 How did they usually communicate with their friends? 3 Why did Susan decide to ban gadgets? 4 How did Sussy react at first? 5 What did Anni and Bill enjoy doing? 6 Was the experiment a success? Vocabulary extension: Workbook pageioa)> > ‘The Winter of Cur Disconnect & How one family pulled the plug on their technology and lived to tell / text / tweet the tale. By susan Maushart The hilarious story of. family who gave up all their electronic gadgets and learnt that ‘rel lf’ can be fun! ‘When Susan Maushart announced that she was banning electronic gadgets, her children Sussy (14), Bil (15) and Anni (18) didn't believe her But Susan wasn't joking; she was tired ofall the technology that dominated the family home. There were gadgets everywhere ~ mobile phones, laptops, iPods and games consoles, Every day when she returned from work, the teenagers were sifting in separate rooms, They were communicating with thetr friends all the time by text instant messaging and social networking, Dut they weren't realy talking to each other at all So ‘The Experiment’ began: six months without gadgets (although they could use them outside the home). How did it go? Well, Sussy couldn't stand it at first she went to stay with friends. But gradually they all got used to it, andl even started to like it WORDS IN CONTEXT 7 Read the text again and find the past simple form of the verbs in the box. Which ones are regular? give return begin go enjoy tell share id agree think have WEB QUEST 4 Group work. Choose one of these categories each: * news articles * book reviews = video clips 3 Share your information with the group. Find out more about the Maushart family and their experiment. * social networking sites 2 Search for information in your category and take notes. Anni enjoyed cooking, Bill started playing the saxophone again and Sussy came home when they told her that life wasn't so bad afer all. They shared mealtimes again, had long conversations and slept better. They read books, went to the cinema together and played board games with their friends, In the end, they all agreed that it was much better than they expected ‘Susat thought it was the best idea she ever had. This is a great book for anyone who needs 4 digital detox. [was laughing out loud! © Review by Sam, 14 AM a cin Sn Phrase check pullthe plug giveup get used to laugh out loud & Are the sentences true or false? Find evidence in the text. 1 Atfirst, Sussy, Bill and Anni thought their mum was joking. 2 The experiment lasted six weeks. 3 During the experiment, they could use gadgets at their friends’ houses. 4 They didn't spend much time together during the experiment. 5 The children thought that the experience was worse than they expected. Gaara What is your opinion of the Maushart family’s experiment? Can you imagine trying an experiment like this in your family? Tee isiak You can choose to search Bayeategory: choose web, | ‘images or videos. fe Past simple 1 Study the table. Translate the sentences into your language. Is it possible to translate the word did? P: Her children didn’t believe her. Did they learn new things? 5 |__|Yes, they did. / No, they didn't Grammar and Speaking yp In English, past simple forms are the same for all subjects. s this true in your language? ast continuous Copy and complete the examples with was(n’t) ‘or were(n’t). What form is the main verb? 2 Copy and complete the sentences with the past P@St simple form of the verbs in brackets, + | [was reading a good book. They (i)... sitting in separate rooms. 4 The Maushart family .. (stop) using gadgets. 2 The children... (not like) the idea at first. Susan @)... joking. 3 The family .. (have) dinner together. ? 4 They_... (not use) laptops at home. G)... they living without technology? ‘Yes, they were. / No, they (4) ... 5 They... (sleep) much better. 6 ‘3 Copy and complete the text with the past simple form of the verbs in brackets. (9 Didyou have (have) a contract or pay-as-you-go moble phone when you were my age? (2) Gs) ny urn recenty Se laughed cut loud! Moble phones ct ‘ess when wos young! she (3) -feph)- There was only 7 one telephone inthe house — an od geen landie, When someone (4) - (phone), al he family could hear your ‘comersation. When | (3)... (neef) a French boy on a schoo! hold {called tim once fornight | () have it of fe mutes becaute International cals were very expense. ‘iype (= ote) then or stant messaging? Jore,15 S 4 Write past simple questions with Did. Then write true short answers. Use the information in exercise 3. Jane’s mum / have a mobile phone? Did Jane’ mum have @ mobile phone? No, she didn’. 4 they / havea landline at home? 2 Jane’s mum / meet a boy in Spain? 3 she / call him every two weeks? 4 international calls / cost a lot of money? 5 Skype / exist then? Pronunciation Prete cu Copy and complete the questions with the past continuous form of the verbs in brackets. «Fred and Ellen... (chat) on the phone? dad ... (listen) to music? .~ Fred and Ellen ... (watch) TV? mum ... (read) a book? Ben ... (do) his homework? wrens Look at the picture. Ask and answer the questions in exercise 6. @ Were Fred and Ellen chatting on the phone? @ No, they weren't. They were watching TV. Vocabulary and Listening Phrasal verbs: communication 1 Read the text. Which app can you use to De MRA ha CCL Lee eae an Here are some of our favourites ‘SHAZAM °° Want to know what song is playing? To find out, 2 Just hold your phone near the music and in seconds ‘youl get information lke the name of the song and the artist. This useful app was set up in 2002. GriP'D Download this app, so you can scan QR codes and log on to websites directly on your smartphone. ‘J1BBIGO This is a great translation ap look up words in the integrated dictionary. It's fantastic for holidays! SAFELY GO =) | You don't need to tucn off your phone when driving. This app sends messages to tell your friends that you'll call back later when its safer! ‘SOUNDS Faia) 0% © hunciets of words onthe Sounds ap. J Then turn up the volume and practise your pronunciation on the move! WHATSAPP Send free text and multimedia messages with this app! You can catch up with your friends on. WhatsApp messenger, Phrasal verbs A phrasal verb consists of a root verb and a particle (adverb or preposition). The meaning is different from the verb on its own. a) Can you turn off the TV? b)/'lleall back later. ©) What are you looking for? In sentences a-c, .. 1 what are the root verbs? What do they mean on their own? 2 what are the particles? 3 how do you say the phrasal verbs in your language? Translate the sentences. Ee eee 4 Find phrasal verbs in the text that mean... 4 start using a computer system. 2 search; try to find something. 3 try to find a piece of information in a list. 4 phone someone again later. 5, talk to someone you haven't seen for some time. 6 discover; learn about. 7 start something (a business, a product). 'B make the volume louder. 9 stop a device from working temporarily. 2EXPRESS YOURSELF 5 Choose the correct phrasal verbs. Then write answers that are true for you. 1 How do you usually find out / call back information for your homework? 2 Which dictionary do you use to set up / took up words in English? 3 Do you log on / turn off your mobile when you come to school? 4 When do you usually catch up / turn up with friends? 6 BD) Listen to two friends talking about apps. Which three apps do they mention? 7 Listen again and choose the correct answers. 4 The first app gives you links to... a) radio and TV programmes. b) downloads and videos. 2 The first app... a)is free. b)costs £2.99. 3 There are ... songs in the Shazam database. a) more than 10 million b) 100 million 4 Elena downloaded her app because ... a) she was bored. ) she was preparing for an exam. 5 Elena used her app every day... a) while she was travelling on the bus. b) when she was at school. 6 Elena’s app has also got .. a) links to English songs. b) games and quizzes. Social awareness Social media 1 ©,NED Read and listen to the text. Then write sentences a-d in the correct order. a) People started sharing videos online. ‘tweets’. A BRIEF 2000 Steve and julie Pankhurst had the idea for Britain's first social networking site while they were trying to catch up with old school 2001 The online encyclopaedia Wikipedia began. You can now find out about practically everything, in ‘more than 284 different friends. Itwas called languages. Friends } Reintes, RELRNES| 2011 Google, the world’s most, popular search engine, set up its own social networking site, called Google +. box A with the websites in box B. NOW ‘More than 30% of the world’s population now log onto the internet regularly. Experts predict that this figure will double in the next three years! vORDS IN CONTEXT 2 Match words A ©) People began to send ) The world’s biggest social networking site began. HISTORY OF SOCIAL MEDIA 2004 Mark Zuckerberg was studying at Harvard University when he created Facebook. I’s now the world’s largest social networking site, with more than 500 million Users per day. Social media’ refers to intemet sites where people can creaté and share information, such as words, pictures, audio and video. These sites include blogs, wikis, web forums and message boards, podcasts and video-sharing sites. 2005 The video-sh website YouTube began in February 2005. The three founders met while they were working together at 2009 Mobile apps became popular. With WhatsApp, people could send free text, image, audio and video messages. s Word check users tweets search engine 2006 The American Jack Dorsey and some friends set up the ‘microblogging’ site Twitter. By the end of 2012, people were sending ‘more than 4oo million tweets a day all around the world video clips microblogging wiki social networking | [ Wikipedia Twitter Facebook YouTube 3 Match the sentence beginnings 1-4 with endings a-d. 4 While they were trying to contact old friends, 2 When Mark Zuckerberg started Facebook, 3 The founders of YouTube were working 4 Google started its social network site a) he was studying at university. b)at PayPal when they met, ) in 2011. d) the Pankhursts had a great idea. See EI; Rime cutturat @ comparison 4 Work in pairs. Ask and answer the questions. 4. Which of the websites or apps in the text do you use? How often? 2 Which of them don’t exist in your country? 3 Can you add any other social media sites to the timeline? Grammar Past simple and past continuous 1 Study the examples in the box and answer questions a-c below. past simple and past continuous: Mark Zuckerberg was studying at university when while they were working at PayPal, a) Which one was a single completed action, the blue or the red? b) Which tense comes after when? ©) Which tense comes after while? 2 Write questions. Use the past simple or past ~~ continuous. Then write true answers. 4 What time ... (vou / get up) this morning? 2 What... (you / do) at 7.45 this morning? 3 «(it rain) when you came to school today? 4 ... (ou / log on) to the internet last night? 5... (your English teacher / wait) when you arrived in class? 3 Read the text and choose the correct words. What was your most embarrassing moment | was talking to my teacher when | (1) called / was calling her ‘Mum’ by mistake. | was mortified, and my friends (2) didn’t forget / weren't forgetting it for weeks! @ Hell while | (@) ran / was running down the stairs. Just at that moment, the girl | (4) liked / was liking was walking past! @ While we (6) did / were doing an periment in chemistry, | used th ‘wrong substances and (6) caused / was causing an explosion! @ Grammar in context: Literature 4 Complete the text with the past simple or past continuous form of the verbs in brackets. Owl Hall by Robert Campbell KARA’S BLOG Listen and check your answers. Go to | and watch Kara's video in the Section called | Explore Ow! Hall Which different places do you see? ®EED Pronunciation tab! Senteneestressipageuam SS oe ey ea) Reading: interpreting data Check that you understand the acronyms and symbols when you're interpreting data. 2.0" =two inches 8 MP = eight mega-pixels 11 Read the web page. Copy and complete the sentences. 1 The... is the most expensive phone. 2 The... doesn’t use an operating system. 3 The... has got the best camera. 4 The... and the ... haven't got touch screens. 5 The... hasn't got 3G connectivity. 2 Read the web page again. Choose your favourite phone. Then answer the questions. 4 Which phone did you choose? 2 Why did you choose it? GET 3 ©EED Listen to three phone calls. Write the types of phone call in the order you hear them. a)a landline call b)a mobile call ©) a recorded message Listen again. Are the sentences true or false? Calls 1 The line was busy. 2 The speaker suggested calling back later. Call 2 3 Lucy answered the phone, 4 Lucy and Kerry are school friends. call 3 5 Simon was busy when Dan called. 6 Dan wants to go shopping this afternoon, Or a Hello, can | help you? Oh dear. What's the matter with it? OK, Have you got the (2) Would you like to exchange it for a new one? } Yes, of course. Here you are, No worries. 5 ©EED Copy and complete the di the words in the box. Then listen receipt charger refund 6 Listen again and repeat Practise your intonation. ee 7 Choose one of the ideas and prepare a new dialogue. Decide if you prefer a refund or anew product. a) You can’t hear anything in the right ear of your new earphones. b) When you try to turn on your new tablet, nothing happens. ©) The screen of your new mobile phane was broken when you took it out of the box. & Write your new dialogue. Write your part and the shop assistant’s part. Use the model dialogue and your notes from exercise 7 to help you. He Yes, | bought this / these with it / them, can | help you? ~ but there's a problem SO © Work in pairs. Take turns to practise your dialogues. Ou. @ Ves, | bought this / these .. but problem with it / them. lo, can | help you? 10 Act your dialogue for the class. COMMUNICATION KIT Making a complaint | bought this ... but there's a problem with it ‘Oh dear. What's the matter with it? It doesn't work properly. Have you got the receipt? Would you like to exchange it for a new one? I'd rather have a refund. Thanks for your help. Meee re Ea. ae, Writing A product review 4 GND Read and listen to the product review. Then copy and complete the notes. by Jason Thorton, | recently got a Magic 5 tablet and I'm very happy with it, It looks really nice and the software seems to work very well. Here are some of the pros and cons. twas very easy to set up, it's quite light (only 340g) and it's a great gadget for checking social networking sites and reading e-books, | also thought the screen resolution was impressive while | was watching films. My favourite thing is the voice function = that works really well 2 Read the Writing focus. Translate sentences 4-5 into your language. Then complete a-c in the Writing focus with the adverbs in bold. 4. 'mvery happy with it. 2 It looks really nice. 3 It's quite light. 4 It was a bit slow. 5 It's not very expensive WRITING FOCUS Adverbs of degree We use adverbs of degree to modify adjectives or adverbs, 3 Read the product review again. Find ... a) four sentences with adverbs of degree. b)an example of a phrasal verb. 4 Copy and complete the sentences with adverbs of degree to make them true for you. My phone isnt very new. 4. The computers at my school are . 2 My classroom is ... sunny today. 3 Our schoolis... big. 4 English is... dificult for me. Magic 5 tablet Review * * x ** rier Magic 5 + PROS - CONS easy to set up WI-Ft only For me the main disadvantage is that it's WiFi only, so it wasn't great while | was travelling. Also, there's only one camera (1.2 megapixels) and | thought it was a bit slow while | was using Skype. Plus, it's a shame that you cai't get more than 16 GB storage. In conclusion, | think that the Magic 5 is very good value. It's not very expensive compared with other tablets and | would recommend it! “writing task os = Write 2 review of a mobile phone, games coma nn era PI questions. 4 What is the gadget? - 2 When did you get it? = : 3 Was it easy to set up? a ‘4 What are the pros and cons? = Write Write your review. Use the model review in exercise 1 and your answers from your plan. Write four paragraphs: a Introduction, z 2 Things youliked. 3 Things you didn’t like. 4 Conclusion - would you recommend it? -Gheck Check your writing. AA) adverbs of degree | past simple and continuous O phrasal verbs Grammar Past simple They chatted online, ‘She didn’t have a mobile phone. Did you download the latest app? Yes, I did. / No, | didn’t. We use the past simple to talk about finished actions in the past. Past continuous Iwas playing on my games console. They weren’t talking on a landline. Was he phoning Sally? Yes, he was. / No, he wasn’t. We use the past continuous to talk about an action in progress in the past. Past simple and past continuous was listening to music when my earphones broke, Tim called me while | was doing my homework. We often use the past continuous and past simple in the same sentence. We use the past simple for short a past continuous for longer actions. We usually use when with the past simple and while with the past continuous. is and the Speaking Making a complaint bought this... but there’s a problem with it. Oh dear. What's the matter with it? It doesn’t work property. Have you got the receipt? Would you like to exchange it for a new one? I'd rather have a refund. Thanks for your help. a LEARNING TO LEARN When you learn a new phrasal verb, write it in your notebook with an example sentence. It's easier to learn phrasal verbs when you see them in context. Study guide Vocabulary Technology apps instant messaging charger landline cloud computing laptop e-reader mobile phone i earphones social networking site | games console Phrasal verbs: communication call back logon setup catch up look for turn off find out lookup turn up. Spelling rules: Comparatives and superlatives ‘ for short adjectives that end in consonants, repeat the consonant and add -er thin— thinner, wet — wetter * for short adjectives that end in -y, remove the -yand add -ier happy — happier, busy — busier ‘for long adjectives, don't change the word. ‘Add more before the adjective expensive ~> more expensive * irregular adjectives don't follow the rules! good — better, bad > worse | ‘we form superlatives by adding -est to adjectives with only one syllable and adjectives with two syllables ending in -y j fast the fastest * for other adjectives with more than one syllable, we use the most + adjective interesting the most interesting What are the most dangerous and exciting situations that you've experienced? Vocabulary and Speaking Adventure sports 1 ©,EI%) Read the information. Listen and repeat the words in blue. Which of the activities have you tried? THE A-Z OF EXTREME SPORTS || De vou want to try something new? Cilck on the links for more information X Games ‘The X Games is an annual action sports event. The summer games are usually in Los Angeles and the winter games in Colorado. Some events also take place / in Barcelona, Munich and Foz do Iguacu (Brazil). © Summer events: BMX, skateboarding, motocross, rally-car racing its: skiing, snowboarding, snowmobile include rock climbing, surfing and 2 Translate the words in blue into your language. Copy and complete the table with the blue Reading words in exercise 1. : A web profile | 4 © ERD Read and listen to the web profile on page 21. What is Nitro Circus? What do they do? S IN CONTEXT 5 Find words 1-4 in the text and match them with definitions a-d. 3 Work in pairs, Ask and answer the questions. 4 Can you do any of these activities in your town or city? 2 Which ones have you tried? 3 Which activity would you like to try? Why? 4 Which activity would you never try? Why? a nickname 2 injuries 3 stunts 4 backflip a) physical damage caused by an accident b) dangerous activities that impress or entertain people a jump and a backward turn in the air d)an informal name used by friends (e CO fay on | Aaron Fotheringham is a wheelchair motocross | athlete. He was bom in Las Vegas in 1991 with the birth defect spina bifida, Aaron has never been able to walk, and he has used a wheelchair since the age of three. Aaron's nickname is ‘Wheelz’ and that's not wheelchair like a BMX or a skateboard! At the age of eight, Aaron started going to the skatepark with his older brother. At first, he watched. Then, his brother encouraged him to have a go. He tried, he fell, but soon he was hooked. Since then, he's fallen many times and suffered several injuries including a broken elbow. But he's also done some incredible stunts, including the world's first ever wheelchair backtlip at the age of 14. Aaron has also 6 Write the events in the correct order. 1 Aaron was born in Las Vegas. He went to the skatepark with his brother. .. Aaron was born in Las Vegas, .» He travelled to Australia. ..He started using a wheelchair. He did the first wheelchair backflip. He joined Nitro Circus. Read the text and find the past participles of the verbs in the box. Which ones are irregular? use fall do change have appear return make Read the text again. Choose the correct answers. 1 Aaron... a) was paralysed in an accident. b) has used a wheelchair for many years. ) could walk when he was three, 2 Aaron's nickname is ‘Wheelz’ because ... a) he has won a BMX competition. by he can do amazing stunts in a wheelchai © he invented a new type of skateboard. WEB QUEST 4 Work in pairs. Choose one of these topics each «© Nitro Circus The Movie 3 Prepare a short presentation about the two topics. surprising when you see what he can do: he uses his Phrase check Prepare a short presentation about the action sport group Nitro Circus. * the group's activities 2 Search for information about your topics and make notes. od won: several BMX freestyle competitions, Life has changed for Aaron since he put the video clip of his first backflip on the internet. He's had the opportunity to travel and he’s appeared in the media all over the warld. In 2010, Aaron joined the action sport group Nitro Circus. They ve just returned from @ live tour in Australia and New Zealand, where Aaron performed wheelchair stunts on @ 15 m ramp. Nitro Circus are touring in Europe later this year, and they've also made a 3D film about their amazing activities, which include inline skating, dirt bikes and base jumping, ‘Aaron has a passion for what he does: as well as changing the world's perception of people in wheelchairs, he's having a lot of fun along the way! Read Aaron's words. Is he an optimist or a pessimist? In your opinion, what are the challenges of being in a wheelchair? “Being in a wheelchair is lke carrying your skateboard with you’ Aaron Fotheringham 3 Aaron... a) hasn't been to Australia, b) has never had an injury. ) has broken his elbow. 4 Nitro Circus... a) perform stunts around the world, b) haven't made a film yet. ©) have won the X Games, eres Websites aren't always liable. Always check facts ‘on more than one website. " Grammar and Speaking Present perfect 41 Look at the table and answer questions 1-3. [present pata aT | + [Aaron hias done some incredible things. ? Nitro Circus haven't performed in Britain. ? | Have you seen their 30 film? Yes, | have. / No, | haven't. 4 How is the third person form different? 2 Which two past participles are irregular? 3 Do we use the past participle in short answers? 2 Copy and complete the text with the present perfect form of the verbs in brackets. ees : 1 Read (hear) of the American | Coen rea ¥ (Gwin) two gold medals atthe X Gores I's £ Gn amazing achievement because Ashley © ._ (be) deat since she wes born. ‘Ashley (2)... (ove) motorbikes since the ‘age of three ~ she (6)... (not forget) her Sohne vrnana PO. He parents ©) ner sree cho tates competing reat (not be) easy: al the age of seven. It (7) ~ she (8) ... (break) her wrist and collar bone in motocross ‘accidents. But she loves her sport and im sure we () (not see) the best of ‘Ashley yet! =, EXPRESS VOURSELF 3 Write questions with ever. In pairs, ask and answer the questions. you / go rafting? @ Have you ever been rafting? @ No thaven'tt 4 you / break your arm? 2 your teacher / climb a mountain? 3 you / have a BMX? 4 you / try skateboarding? SEEIERIB Pronunciation’ ital course: Interactive grammar table Present perfect with time expressions Translate the sentences in the table into your language. Choose the correct words in 3-5. for and 5 Aaron has used a wheelchair for many years. He's been famous since 2009. Nitro Circus have just returned from Australia. They haven't performed in Britain yet. They have already performed in the USA. Have you ever had an accident? I've never broken my elbow. 4. We use for / since with a period in time. 2 We use for / since with a point in time. 3 Yet / Already goes at the end of a sentence. 4 We only use ever / never in questions. 5 We use just / yet to talk about very recent actions, 5 Copy and complete the text with for or since. ‘Tom Daley Has loved the water (1) .. many years! He's béen a swimmer (2). he was tiffee, and a CI Ree oe cua Pc cuctineies rte TG CORRS one ean OP Aree eueel ia eat Sea cea ead an eee 6 Rewrite the sentences. Add the words in brackets. We've studied the present perfect. Gust) We've just studied the present perfect 4 I’ve started this exercise. (just) 2 I've written two sentences. (already) 3 I haven't finished the exercise. (yet) 4 We've studied English. (for many years) 5 I've studied Chinese. (never) In English, we usually use the present perfect with for, since and just. Which tense do you use in your language? Biri Vocabulary and Listening -ed and -ing adjectives ea _ 4 Study the rules in the Word builder and translate the examples. Are the adjectives different in your language? -ed and -ing adjectives We use -ed adjectives to say how we feel. We use -ing adjectives to describe the situation Read the text, check the meaning that causes our feeling. of the words in blue and choose the correct | was tired. The journey was tiring, words. Then listen and check. Life for the children’s TV presenter Helen Skelton is certainly not (1) bored / boring, She's already run. the 125 km ultra-marathon in Namibia, so no one was too (2) surprised / surprising when she decided to travel 3,000 km down the Amazon by kayak. Was she (3) worried / worrying about the sharks and caimans? No, she wasn't (4) frightened / frightening of the wildlife, She had a more (5) embarrassed embarrassing problem: a bruised bottom! She also found the extreme heat very (6) tired / tiring. a "So, what's next for Helen Skelton? A (7) relaxed / relaxing time at home before planning her next trip? Not likely! She's already (8) excited / exciting about 12 money for Sport Relief. 5 ©EED Listen to part of a TV programme about a charity, Which two things do they talk about? EXPRESS YOURSELF a) the amount of money raised for Sport Relief = b) running the London Marathon 4 Copy and complete the sentences to make ©) Helen Skelton’s expedition across Antarctica them true for you. G Listen again. Are the sentences true or false? | sometimes feel worried about Comeccthe feiss cenuencee! 1 2 Our teacher gets annoyed when 3 I'm usually tired when I've 4 Helen and her team have reached the North 4 | think the most exciting sport is ... Pole. 5 | feel embarrassed when ... 2 They were travelling for 20 days. 6 I'm frightened of. 3 Helen completed the whole journey on an 7 | feel very relaxed when ... ice-bike. 4 Helen wrote a blog during the expedition, 5 Sport Relief started in 2012. 6 Sport Relief has raised more than £100,000,000 since it began.