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UTC Document Submission:​ ​HEADSCARF EMOJI
To: ​UTC
From:​ Rayouf Alhumedhi (​​), Aphelandra Messer
(​​), Ayisha Irfan (​​), Jennifer 8. Lee
(​​), Alexis Ohanian (
Date: ​09/13/2016

Images by Aphelandra Messer. Permission for use given for distribution in context of emoji
We propose the encoding of a HEADSCARF emoji, as well the creation of a ZWJ sequence
also propose the accompanying

MAN IN A HEADSCARF (​keffiyah) emoji ZWJ sequence.

Orthodox Christianity and Catholicism all have something in common: the significance of the headscarf or head covering as a demonstration of piousness. headscarves equally play a role in Orthodox Judaism and with a phantom wearer. this is mainly concentrated in areas like Russia and 27 Aug. so with the help of the Fitzpatrick Modifier. With the amount of difference in this world. However. 2016  <​http://www. In addition. not a single space on the keyboard is reserved for them. your lifestyle. With this enormous number of people.E.        Above we show the HEADSCARF both as a loose item of clothing and also in “ghost” state. The first mention of any sort of veiling dates back to 13 B. Roughly 550 million Muslim women on this earth pride themselves on wearing the hijab. We are here to discuss the addition of a HEADSCARF emoji. as well as some conservative Jewish communities.C. after the "verse of the hijab" was introduced As we mentioned above. Emojis are more impactful and utilized than ever before. the headscarf was introduced into the Arab Peninsula. 1  "BBC ­ Religions ­ Islam: Hijab. pictures prove to be a crucial element in communication. the hijab stretches much further than a piece of cloth on your head. By 627 C.shtml​>  2  . It also influences the way you talk. the hijab is worn in the presence of men. women of less respectable backgrounds were forbidden to wear it. headscarves are commonly worn by women in Eastern Orthodox Christian communities in Russia and Romania. Women all across the globe choose to wear the headscarf because of its evident indication of their faith and identity. privacy and religious identity. Most obviously. we would be able to develop an emoji that represents the religious and racial diversity that is present in the Muslim However.”1 The hijab symbolizes modesty. Millions use them to convey feelings. appearances and stories. Hijab in Arabic translates to “partition” or “barrier. Islam. women wearing the hijab aren’t mutually exclusive to one skin tone. was reserved for upper-class women. ergo. the way you act and ultimately. Orthodox Judaism. Excluding family members. in an Assyrian text. Veiling according to Assyrian Law. To say it’s an integral aspect of women’s lives is an understatement. *** In the age of digitalization." 2006. It’s been a tradition for around 2000 years that Catholic women cover their hair during times of worship. we must be represented. this does not mean it should stop now. We applaud Unicode for the diversification of emojis in recent years. The aim of these pre-Islamic veils was to create a divide between the upper and lower class.

​ Compatibility: The only social platform we are aware of that provides emojis of a woman in a hijab ​is Bitmoji​. Factors for Inclusion: A. the percentage of women wearing headscarves is 90%. particularly.000 photos.        Hair covering in Jewish communities exists. 2016)  3  .nytimes.html​ (Retrieved August 26. you will receive 15. when typing “hijab” into the tags search bar on Instagram. one of the most popular social platforms in the world. where the Muslim population is 202 million. searching for “turban” you will receive 732. Usage of this emoji will be predominantly in Muslim countries. (2. This includes Indonesia. ​Expected Usage Level: i) ​Frequency​: There is an extremely high expected frequency level of this emoji as shown below: ● ● ● 2 As of 08/26/2016.2 Widely popular hijabi fashion blogger. the fourth most populous country in the world.6 million photos. now part of Snapchat. the 15th most populous country in the world. On the other hand. for married women to maintain modesty and privacy.1 million Instagram followers as of 08/26/2016) is an example of the prevalence and popularity of hijab culture. Sondos Alqattan.  ​http://www. You have the option of adding a hijab to your avatar. In Egypt.

4  . including parts of Christianity and Judaism. “Hijab” (‫)​ﺍﻟﺤﺠﺎﺏ‬  ​is blue and “turban” (‫)​ﻋﻤﺎﻣﺔ‬ ​is red in both languages. Eid and any religious celebrations. • This emoji can convey religious feelings. ii) Multiple Usages: A headscarf has both religious and non-religious meanings: • Women wear headscarves across many religions as a sign of modesty. • This emoji can represent Ramadan.        ● The demand for hijabs is significantly greater than that of turbans as seen on Google trends photo below in both English and Arabic.

D. there is no image of a woman with headgear of any sort. ​Open-Ended: The addition of the hijab emoji will prove to be a step forward in tolerance and diversity.        • Women with cancer sometimes like to wear a headscarf. E. 2016) ​https://www. 2016) 5   http://nytlive. GRADUATE. as the HIJAB is one of the most globally recognized iconic representations of Islam. ​Image Distinctiveness: Currently. There are multiple types of headscarves depending on the area of the world (​chador. Overly Specific: The WOMAN IN A HEADSCARF emoji preserves a generic approach to head coverings. CHEF. • Or simply a woman that enjoys wearing a headscarf C.nytimes. the hijab is recognized as the universal and basic image of a headscarf.4 • In an attempt to promote individuality and gender equality. ​Frequently Requested: • The request for a HIJAB emoji is ranked 5th on Emojipedia. There will be women with headgear in the new batch of professional-related ZWJ-sequence emoji —​ (Accessed August 26. It is distinctive and holds a lot of spiritual meaning to millions of women across the­tweaks­the­diverse­new­emojis­need­in­orde r­to­advance­gender­equality/   4 5  . ASTRONAUT.3 • ​Buzzfeed created a page of emojis that should be​ (Accessed August 26. shayla and ​al-amira). these are all visually distinct from the WOMAN IN A HEADSCARF as their headgear generally has some distinct iconic meaning drawn from their definable shapes. though there is a MAN WITH TURBAN. and hijab is mentioned twice. However. recognizing its importance will ultimately showcase great appreciation from the Muslim community. ​Completeness: The WOMAN IN A HEADSCARF would be a terrific addition to the MOSQUE and ISLAM SYMBOL emojis. among others. this emoji could come to hand. However. an opinion writer requested the WOMAN IN A HEADSCARF emoji on the New York Times website. 3 ​http://blog. ARTIST.buzzfeed.emojipedia. G.5 Factors for Exclusion: F​.

​ Unsuitability? Our proposal of a WOMAN WITH HEADSCARF emoji is suitable for encoding as character. and now it’s time for technology to do the same. in some situations one could place the ISLAM emoji next to the WOMAN emoji. About the submitters: 6    http://www. I. historical or living. especially in this will lead to ambiguity and vagueness. Nonetheless. he is commonly used to represent Sikhism.”9 All these links prove that hijabs are being more and more represented in all aspects of life. However. The Olympian Muslim fencer. It does not contain any references to deities.html​ ​(Accessed August 26.8 As of 08/25/16. J. Ibtihaj Muhammad.dailymail. Currently.html​ (Accesed August­news/police­scotland­hijab­official­uniform­muslim­women­ islam­muslims­veil­a7207106. logos.        H.telegraph. Hijabis are becoming more recognized than ever. 2016)  7 2016) 8 http://www.pewforum. Moreover.7% of the world’s population by 20506 . ​Transient: This image is anything but short-term. became the first hijab-wearing American to compete.7 Hijabis are beginning to model and be further accepted into mainstream fashion. 2016)  6  . if trends . As we have previously mentioned. fashion and politics. According to the Pew study. Due to the ever-growing Muslim population around the world. specific people. ​Already Representable There is no emoji that exists which represents a visibly devout Muslim woman.html​ (Accessed August 26. not all women who wear headscarves are Muslim. the Scottish Police force approved of the hijab to become part of the uniform. it stands at 23.independent. If absolutely­projections­2010­2050/​ (Accesed August 28. The closest thing is the MAN WITH A TURBAN. Islam will make up 29. She won a Bronze medal in Sabre fencing in the 2016 in Rio Olympics. this emoji will only increase in demand. Muslims are expected to become 50% of the population in 51 countries. 2016) 9 in the interest of “creating a more diverse force.

for the​) is the co-founder of Reddit.  She  became  interested  in  emoji  after  trying  to  find  an  image  to  represent  her  and  her  friends on  her  iPhone  keyboard. tech investor. whose motto is “emoji by the people. ​Without Their Permission.        Rayouf Alhumedhi (​​) is a founder of Emojination.” She is also an organizer of Emojicon.  Jennifer 8.  Germany.  where  she  moved  in  2012.  She  takes  keen  interest  in  issues  concerning  social  equality. a conference that celebrates emoji that will take place in November 4-6 in San Francisco. Lee (​jenny@jennifer8lee. and bestselling author.​) ​is  a  15­year­old  high  school  student  living  in​)  is   a  freelance  illustrator/graphic  designer  based  in  Lincoln.  She  has  been  wearing  a   hijab  since  she  was  13  years  old. and emoji design.  typography.  she  finally  learned  from  Mashable’s Snapchat story how to properly submit a proposal to Unicode.  After  first  writing  in   on  Apple’s  website.  book design.  Her  creative  pursuits  include  children’s  illustration.     Aphelandra  Messer  (​aphmesser@gmail. Alexis Ohanian (​a@reddit. 7  .