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Poder Hidrulico

Construcciones S. A. de C. V.

Tarea 1 A
Ing. Edgar Alejandro Moreno Alfaro
(Gerente General)
Ing. Miguel Antonio Gutirrez
Hernndez
Ing. Nemuel Pablo Ovilla

1. - Dibujar todos los posibles perfiles longitudinales que pueden


presentarse para diversos valores de Z1 y Z2, en las figuras mostradas.

2.- Tres tuberas de hierro fundido de las siguientes dimensiones se montan


en paralelo:
Tubera
1
2
3

Longitud, (m)
800
600
900

Dimetro, (cm)
12
8
10

El caudal total es de 200m 3/h de agua a 20C: Determine (a) el caudal en cada
tubera y, (b) la cada de presin en el sistema. (Problema 6.120, de Mecnica de
Fluidos, Frank M. White, 5 edicin, 2004, McGraw-Hill).
Para agua a 20c:

=998 kg/m3
v =0.000001m2 /s
Y para el hierro fundido:
= 0.26 mm
Para calcular la perdida por friccin se tiene:
h f =f

L V2
D 2g

Entonces s:
V=

Q
D2
y A=
A
4

Resulta;
8 fL Q 2
hf = 2
g D5
Adems:

Q1+ Q2+Q 3=200 m3 /h=0.0556 m3 /s


Tuberas
1
2
3

/D
0.00217
0.00325
0.00260

0.26
=
=0.00217
D 1 120

0.26
=
=0.00325
D 2 80

0.26
=
=0.00260
D 3 100

0.0239
0.0267
0.0251

Le
5.021
2.996
3.984

63888.121
405972.851
187480.326

ln ( 0.270.00217 ) =0.0239
2
ln 0.27
=1.325
D
f 1 =1.325

ln ( 0.270.00325 ) 2=0.0267
2
ln 0.27
=1.325
D
f 2 =1.325

ln ( 0.270.00260 ) =0.0251
2
ln 0.27
=1.325
D
f 3=1.325

Le1=

D1
0.12
=
=5.021m
f 1 0.0239

Le2 =

D2
0.08
=
=2.996 m
f 2 0.0267

Le3 =

D3
0.10
=
=3.984 m
f 3 0.0251
5

0.12

2 (9.81)
8(f 1)(L1 + Le 1) 8(0.0239)(800+5.021)
1=
=

g 2 D51
5

0.08

2
(9.81)
8(0.0267)(600+ 2.996)
2=

0.10 5

2(9.81)
8(0.0251)(900+3.984 )
3=

W=

[ ]
Q

1
i =1

1
1
1
+
+
=0.0078353
1 2 3
W=

Q 1=

Q 2=

Q 3=

0.0556
=50.3546 m
0.0078353

W
50.3546
3
=
=0.0281m / s
1
63888.1212

50.3546
=0.0111m3 / s
405972.851

50.3546
=0.0164 m3 /s
187480.326

Haciendo un ajuste:

0.12

4
0.0281
V 1=
0.08

4
0.0111
V 2=

0.10

4
0.0164
V 3=
R e 1=

V 1 D1 2.4846 (0.12)
=
=298152
v
0.000001

Re 2=

2.2083 (0.08)
=176664
0.000001

Re 3=

2.0881(0.10)
=208810
0.000001

{[

1
f 1 =1.325 ln 0.27 +5.74
D1
Re 1

0.9

( )

]}

{[

0.26
1
=1.325 ln 0.27
+5.74
120
298152

f 1 =0.0246

{[

0.26
1
f 2=1.325 ln 0.27
+5.74
80
176664

{[

0.26
1
f 3 =1.325 ln 0.27
+5.74
100
208810

Le1=

D1
0.12
=
=4.878 m
f 1 0.0246

Le2 =

D2
0.08
=
=2.888 m
f 2 0.0277

Le3 =

D3
0.10
=
=3.846 m
f 3 0.0260

0.9

0.9

]}

=0.0277

]}

=0.0260

0.9

]}

0.12

2
(9.81)
8(f 1)(L1 + Le 1) 8(0.0246)(800+ 4.878)
1=
=
2 5

g D1

0.08 5

2(9.81)
8(0.0277)(600+ 2.888)
2=

0.10

2
(9.81)
8(0.0260)( 900+3.846)
3=

1
1
1
+
+
=0.007710
1 2 3
2

0.0556
W=
=52.0045 m
0.007710
Q 1=

Q 2=

Q 3=

W
50.0045
3
=
=0.0281 m / s
1
65747.640

50.0045
=0.0111 m3 /s
421102.392

50.0045
=0.0164 m3 / s
194173.081

Como la variacin de los gastos es insignificante en comparacin con los obtenidos en


una primera instancia se aceptar estos como los gastos del sistema en paralelo.
A) Q1= 0.0281 m3/s
Q2= 0.0111 m3/s
Q3= 0.0164 m3/s

B) La perdida por friccin es:

h f 1=h f 2=h f 3=h f

8 f 1 L1 Q21 8 ( 0.0246 ) ( 800 ) (0.0281)2


hf =
=
=51.600 m
g 2 D51
2 ( 9.81 ) ( 0.125 )
p= g hf =( 998 ) ( 9.81 )( 51.600 ) =505183.608 Pa .
p=505183.608 Pa .

3. - The 15-min unit hydrograph for a 2.1 km2 urban catchment (given in
problem 1). Estimate the runoff resulting from the following 120-min storm:
Time
(min)

Rainfall(cm
)

0-30

2.4

30-60

4.5

60-90

2.1

90-120

0.8

Solution:
Hydrograph is performed by the following data.
Time
(min)
0
30
60
90
120
150
180

Runof
(m3/s)
0
1.4
3.2
1.5
1.2
1.1
1

Time
(min)
210
240
270
300
330
360
390

Runof
(m3/s)
0.66
0.49
0.36
0.28
0.25
0.17
0

HYDROGRAPH

3.5
3
2.5
2
RUNOFF (m3/s)

1.5
1
0.5
0

30 60 90 120 150 180 210 240 270 300 330 360 390 420
Time (seg)

Rainfall
(cm): 2.4

TIME
RUNOFF
(seg
(m3/s)
)
0
0
30
3.36
60
7.68
90
3.6
120
2.88
150
2.64
180
2.4
210 1.584
240 1.176
270 0.864
300 0.672
330
0.6
360 0.408
390

DRH for 2.4 cm Excess rainfall in 0-30 min


10
8
6

Discharge m3/s

4
2
0

30
0

60

90 150 210 270 330 390


120 180 240 300 360 420

Time (seg)

Rainfall
(cm): 4.5

DRH for 4.5 cm Excess rainfall in 30-60 min.


16
14
12
10

Discharge m3/s

8
6
4
2
0

TIME
(seg)
30
60
90
120
150
180
210
240
270
300
330
360
390
420

RUNOFF
(m3/s)
0
6.3
14.4
6.75
5.4
4.95
4.5
2.97
2.205
1.62
1.26
1.125
0.765
0

TIME
RUNOFF
(seg)
(m3/s)
90
0
Time
Unit
120
1.12
TIME (minute Hydrogr
RUNOFF
150
2.56
s)
aph
(seg)
(m3/s)
180
1.2 ordinate
60
0
210
0.96 s (m3/s)
90
2.94
240
0.88
120
6.72
270
0.8
150
3.15
300
0.528
180
2.52
330
0.392
210
2.31
360
0.288
240
2.1
390
0.224
0
270
1.386 0
420
0.2
30 1.029 1.4
300
450
0.136
330
0.756
480
0
360
0.588
390
0.525
420
0.357
450
0

30 90 150 210 270 330 390 450


60 120 180 240 300 360 420

Tiempo (seg)

Rainfall
(cm): 2.1

Rainfall
(cm): 0.8

The following table is obtained:


Direct
runof
due to
2.4 cm
excess
rainfall
in first
30
hours
(m3/s)
0
3.36

Direct
runof
due to
4.5 cm
excess
rainfall
in
second
30
hours
(m3/s)
0
0

Direct
runof
due to
2.1 cm
excess
rainfall
in third
30
hours
(m3/s)

Direct
runof
due to
0.8 cm
excess
rainfall
in third
30
hours
(m3/s)

Direct
runof
Hydrogr
aph
(m3/s)

0
0

0
0

0
3.36

60
90
120
150
180
210
240
270
300
330
360
390
420
450
480

3.2
1.5
1.2
1.1
1
0.66
0.49
0.36
0.28
0.25
0.17
0

7.68
3.6
2.88
2.64
2.4
1.584
1.176
0.864
0.672
0.6
0.408
0
0
0
0

6.3
14.4
6.75
5.4
4.95
4.5
2.97
2.205
1.62
1.26
1.125
0.765
0
0
0

0
2.94
6.72
3.15
2.52
2.31
2.1
1.386
1.029
0.756
0.588
0.525
0.357
0
0

0
0
1.12
2.56
1.2
0.96
0.88
0.8
0.528
0.392
0.288
0.224
0.2
0.136
0

Direct runof Hydrograph (m3/s)


25
20
15

Discharge m3/s

10
5
0

30
0

60

90 150 210 270 330 390 450


120 180 240 300 360 420 480
Tiempo (seg)

13.98
20.94
17.47
13.75
11.07
9.354
7.126
5.255
3.849
3.008
2.409
1.514
0.557
0.136
0