Search

UPLOADLIBRARY
BooksAudiobooksComicsSheet Music

Search document
Download

2
of 7

NEBOSH IGCPaper 1 Health & Safety Foundations
After reading this chapter, you student should be able to:

Outline the scope and nature of occupational health and safety

Explain briefly the moral social and economic reasons for maintaining and
promoting good standardsof health and safety in the workplace.

Outline the role of national governments and international bodies in formulating a
framework for theregulation of health and safety

Identify the nature and key sources of health and safety information

Outline the key elements of a health and safety management system.

Q1.

Explain
using an example in
EACH
case, the meaning of the following terms;
(i)
Hazard
(ii)
Risk
Answer:
(i)
A hazard is the potential of a substance, person, activity or process to cause harm.
Hazards takemany forms including, for example chemicals, electricity and working
from a ladder.
(ii)
A risk is the likelihood of a substance, person, activity or process to cause harm and
its resulting severity.
Q2.Outline
the sources of published information that may be consulted when dealing with
health and safety problem at work.
Answer:
The internal and external sources of information may be consulted when dealing
with health and safety problem at work are as follows;
Internal Sources

Accident and ill-health records and investigation reports;

• Health and Safety magazines and journals. • European Agency for Safety and Health • Work Safe (Western Australia). • Specialist Technical and legal Publications. • Health and safety legislation • European and British standards • International Labor Organization (ILO) • Occupational Safety and Health Administration (USA). . External Sources are.Absence records • Inspection and audit reports taken by the organization and by external organizations such as HSE • Maintenance. risk assessment and training records • Documents which provide information to the workers • Any equipment examination or tests reports.

• The internet and encyclopedias. employers organizations and TradeUnions . Q3. Answer: Sources of information that may be available to an organization to reduce the number of manual handling accidents include International agencies such as the ILO. EHS.• Information and data from manufacturers and suppliers and. information from manufacturers. professional health and safety bodies such as IOSH . national enforcement agencies such as 1 the Health and Safety Executive. Dubai Municipality guidelines. An organization has had an increase in the number of manual handling accidents and associated ill-health. national and international standards such as ISO. Identify sources of information that may be available to help reduce the risks to the workers.

• Product and material damage • Legal costs • Emergency supplies • Cleaning of site • Production Delays • Temporary labor • .(i) Explain the purpose of employer liability insurance. Q4. (ii) Outline SIX costs of a workplace accident that might be uninsured. and consultation with the workers . Answer: (i) The purpose of Employers’ liability insurance will enable employees to meet the cost of compensation for your employees’ injuries or illness whether they are caused on or off site. (ii) Six costs of the workplace accident might be uninsured as follows..

Answer: (i) These are the four possible direct costs when a serious accident occurs in an organization. An organization has been found to have inadequate standards of workplace health and safety. production delays. There are also indirect costs related to poor staff morale and high staff turnover and the damage to the organization’s reputation. enforcement actions and fines. Q6. Answer: The direct costs include loss of production. . plant damage.Identify FOUR possible direct and FOUR possible indirect costs to an organization following a seriousaccident at work.Lost orders • Investigation time • Fines • Loss of expertise etc Q5. recruitment and/or rehabilitation costs. replacement and cleanup activities. sick pay. time spent for subsequent investigations. loss of orders. • payment for work not performed. and a subsequent decrease in its profitability. Identify the costs that the organization may incur as a result. civil claims from the injured parties and higher insurance premiums.

• medical and compensation payments. . • reduction or a temporary halt in production. • repair or replacement of damaged machinery and equipment. (ii) These are the four possible indirect costs when a serious accident occurs in an organization. • Damage of buildings. • Negative effect on morale in other workers. • Claims on employer and public liability insurance. equipment or vehicles • The absence of employees • Any attributable production / or general business loss. • a new worker has to be trained and given time to adjust. • the injured/ill worker has to be replaced. • possible reduction in the quality of work. • increased training expenses and administration costs.

• accidents often arouse the concern of fellow workers and influence labour relations in anegative way. 2 • time must be devoted to obligatory investigations. • A cumulative business loss.(i) Identify .• it takes time before the new worker is producing at the rate of the original worker. • Recruitment or replacement of staff. • Production delays • Extra overtime payments. to the writing of reports and filling out of forms. • Loss of goodwill and a poor corporate image. Q7. • poor health and safety conditions in the workplace can also result in poor public relations . • Product or process liability claims.

(iii) Outline the actions an enforcement agency may take the following an accident at work.the possible consequences of an accident to: (a) The injured worker (b) The employer (ii) Identify the direct and indirect costs to the employer of accidents at work. Answer: (i)(a) The possible consequences of an accident to the injured worker are . • the possible loss of a job. • the pain and suffering of the injury or illness • the loss of income. • Loss of salary . • Health-care costs.

• Loss of overtime payments • Medical. rental or replacement costs • . travel or other expense • Compensation received • Lost savings • Retraining costs • Pay differences from any new employer (i)(b) The possible consequences of an accident to the employers are. • Lost business opportunities • Productivity losses • Salary of the absent injured employee • Expenses reimbursed to the injured employee • Repair.

• medical and compensation payments.Insurance premium changes and legal costs • Additional training or supervisory costs (ii) The direct and indirect costs to the employer of accidents at work are: Direct costs are: • payment for work not performed. 3 Indirect costs . • reduction or a temporary halt in production. • increased training expenses and administration costs. • repair or replacement of damaged machinery and equipment. • possible reduction in the quality of work. • Negative effect on morale in other workers.

for employers are: • the injured/ill worker has to be replaced. to the writing of reports and filling out of forms. • a new worker has to be trained and given time to adjust. • time must be devoted to obligatory investigations. • accidents often arouse the concern of fellow workers and influence labor relations in anegative way. • Acts • Mandatory regulations • Codes of practices . • it takes time before the new worker is producing at the rate of the original worker. • poor health and safety conditions in the workplace can also result in poor public relation (iii) The enforcement agency may take the following actions while an accident at work are as follows.

. • an increase in insurance premiums. Answer: Eight possible costs such as associated with are as follows. • fines and compensation awarded.• National and International Standards Q8. Replacement and repair of damaged equipment is a cost that an organization may incur followingaccident at work. Identify EIGHT possible costs to the organization following a workplace accident. • Loss of production • Staff absence • Sick pay • Repair of damaged plant and equipment • Damage to products • Investigation and remedial actions • additional administration incurred.

• Also relevant are the intangible costs arising from a loss of business image and thedetrimental effect on worker morale resulting in reduced productivity. Answer: Eight possible costs of an organization when employees are absent due to work related ill-healthare as follows. • Internal Audit • Decrease of the production • Quality losses • Training of new staff • Technical disturbance • Organizational difficulties • Increased of production costs • Increased of Insurance premium .Identify EIGHT possible costs to an organization when employees are absent due to work related illhealth.• and court and other legal representation. Q9.

1. Legal :-It’s also legal obligation by the country’s law that employer should provideanenvironment that is totally safe for working just like HASAWA (Health and safety atwork etc. Injury and accident leads to pain and suffering not only to victim but to familyandfriends. Answer: 4 There are three reasons for promoting and maintaining Good safety standards in work place.fines and even prohibition of thework. M oral :-It’s moral obligation of theemployer to provide a safe Environment to theEmployees where they can enjoy their work and feel happy while returning home.3.Legal3. F inancial . Act) 1974.Q10.Financial 1. Everyone who goes out for work is because of economic necessity and not consents with injury and accident.Outline reasons for maintaining good standards of health and safety within an organization.Moral2.2. Non-compliance to the legal binding can result in penalties.

employee absence. and high insurance premiums.Direct costs include fines. damage to equipment. personal allocated to investigatethe accidents. • The legal reasons are focused on to protect employees and others. from occupational hazards and risks. The reasons for promoting and maintaining good standards of health and safety in the workplace are themoral.So maintaining a good and safer working environment is more cheaper in longer terms .Indirect costs incl ude production delay. compensation payouts.(i) Explain . Q11. medical costs and sick pay etc. Accident cause a great deal of money specially when we add damage caused by some accidents. legal and financial.:-A work place without good safety working standards can lead toaccidentswhich have direct and indirect financial impacts. • The moral reason includes the responsibility of the employer to protect workers. such as production loss. by issuing prohibitions and fines. • The financial reasons include the financial losses incurred with accidents and their investigations. loss of reputation and loss of good will. others and neighbors.

(i) Draw a flowchart to identify the main components of the health and safety management systemdescribe in the HSE publication Successful Health and Safety Management (HSG65).(i) Draw a flowchart to show the relationships between the six elements of the health and safetymanagement model in HSE’s successful health and safety management (HSG65). Answer: (i) . Answer: A hazard is the potential of a substance Q13. (iii) Outline possible reason why good standards of health and safety in the workplace may not beachieved. (ii) Identify sources of information that an organization may use to help maintain and promote goodstandards of health and safety in the workplace. Answer: (i) Q12. (ii) Outline TWO components of the health and safety management system.(ii) Outline the part that each element of the HSG65 model plays within the health and safetymanagement system.reasons for maintaining and promoting good standards of health and safety in theworkplace.

The flowchart (ii) The components are: • Setting policy: to show commitment of management of health and safety and to set clear aimsand objectives. 5 Similar to A. 1 Health & Safety Foundations Health_and_Safety_11-10-2010 .

Organizing Health and Safety (Notes) Examiner Report Nebosh IGC1 dec 2011.NEBOSH questions 20 NEBOSH questions 19 IGC 1 Question Bank.pdf .pdf NEBOSH questions 31 01 Specimen Answers to Nebosh Igc The Scope and Nature of Occupational Health and Safety NEBOSH IGC 1 Home Work Element 8 Element 1 NEBOSH questions 25 NEBOSH questions 27 IGC 1 revision Nebosh IGC Element 3.

NEBOSH IGC2 (1-4 elements). Foundations in Health and Safety (Notes) Nebosh Summary IGC1-1 IGC1 PP March 201023112011481322.pdf Nebosh IGC Element 5. Policy (Notes) NEBOSH questions 23 Nebosh IGC Element 1. Rish Assessment (Notes) nebosh questions with answers IGC1 & IGC2 Questions s Nebosh IGC Element 6 Principles of Control (Notes) .pdf NEBOSH questions 44 ( Positive Culture) Element 9 Examiners Reports IGC2 December 2012 IGC2 Nebosh IGC Element 2.

Nebosh Igc IGC2 Elem 3 (Work Equipment Hazards and Controls) Nebosh Questions Answers Complete More From This User What is TBT .