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Chapter 09 - The Rise of Islam 622-1520

Chapter 09
The Rise of Islam 622-1520

Multiple Choice Questions


1. The word Islam is Arabic for
A. holy.
B. pure.
C. submission.
D. universal.

2. A Muslim is
A. "one who has surrendered".
B. a warrior of God.
C. flexible in religious belief.
D. a leader of the Ottoman Turks.

3. The prophet Muhammad was forced to flee Mecca because


A. he sought to convert the merchants there to polytheism.
B. he threatened the economy of the city by attacking the Kaaba, a local pagan shrine.
C. his aristocratic origins posed a threat to the Arabs who had settled in the city.
D. the materialism he taught was unacceptable to the city leaders.

4. The development and tenets of Islam included all the following EXCEPT that
A. Medina was Islam's model city and there religious leaders would govern.
B. Muhammad was a ruler, not a consensus builder.
C. faith, not blood or tribe, unified believers.
D. the faithful would pray to Jerusalem.

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2014 by McGraw-Hill Education. This is proprietary material solely for authorized instructor use. Not authorized for sale or distribution in
any manner. This document may not be copied, scanned, duplicated, forwarded, distributed, or posted on a website, in whole or part

Chapter 09 - The Rise of Islam 622-1520

5. By 632, on the eve of his death, Muhammad had succeeded in uniting the people of the
Arabian peninsula and providing them all the following EXCEPT
A. a faith based on revelation.
B. a model of pacifistic expansion.
C. an ethical code of conduct.
D. a monotheistic deity.

6. The Shiites are distinguished from the Sunni, or mainstream Muslims, as partisans of which
caliph and cousin of Muhammad, who was murdered in 651?
A. Ali
B. Muawiyah
C. Abbas
D. Saladin

7. The early caliphs of Islam invaded neighboring areas and, as conquerors, showed wisdom
by
A. preventing looting by the tribesmen they led.
B. destroying the villages they captured.
C. allowing conquered peoples to practice their own religions as long as they respected
Muslim authorities.
D. assassinating all the native political leaders.

8. Muawiyah (about 602-680), founder of the Umayyad dynasty, moved the caliphate's capital
to
A. Damascus.
B. Baghdad.
C. Cairo.
D. Jerusalem.

9. Saladin established which dynasty?


A. Umayyad
B. Ayyubid
C. Abbasid
D. Seljuk Turk

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2014 by McGraw-Hill Education. This is proprietary material solely for authorized instructor use. Not authorized for sale or distribution in
any manner. This document may not be copied, scanned, duplicated, forwarded, distributed, or posted on a website, in whole or part

Chapter 09 - The Rise of Islam 622-1520

10. The Seljuk Turks dealt the Byzantines a crushing defeat in 1071 that resulted in the
emperor's eventual request for Western assistance, which took the form of
A. the Crusades.
B. uprisings against the Abbasid dynasty.
C. attempts to assassinate Saladin.
D. disasters leading to the decline of Cairo as a center of learning.

11. Which group seized Baghdad in the 1250s?


A. Seljuk Turks
B. Mongols
C. Christian crusaders
D. Umayyads

12. What is Islam's simple confession of faith?


A. "There is no God but Allah and Muhammad is His prophet".
B. "There is but one god, Yahweh, and Muhammad is his Prophet".
C. "There is but one God, Allah, and Muhammad is His Son".
D. "There are two Gods, Yahweh and Satan, and Mani is their Prophet".

13. The word Qur'an literally means


A. translation.
B. prophet.
C. monotheism.
D. recitation.

14. Each of the 114 chapters of the Qur'an is called a


A. sura.
B. b. madrasa.
C. Hadith.
D. ayas.

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2014 by McGraw-Hill Education. This is proprietary material solely for authorized instructor use. Not authorized for sale or distribution in
any manner. This document may not be copied, scanned, duplicated, forwarded, distributed, or posted on a website, in whole or part

Chapter 09 - The Rise of Islam 622-1520

15. Which of the following does NOT make up the core curriculum taught in Islamic religious
schools?
A. Qur'an
B. Hadith
C. Arabic language
D. madrasa

16. Which is the term for the holy law of Islam?


A. ulama
B. Hadith
C. sunnah
D. Sharia

17. In the eighth century, Sunni Islam was challenged by the rise of Sufism, a mystical
movement that
A. rejected the legalism and formalism that had crept into Islam.
B. rejected the Five Pillars of Faith.
C. insisted that silk garments were the proper attire for the faithful.
D. concluded that all righteous Muslims should live in monasteries.

18. Which of the following was practiced by medieval Muslim doctors?


A. surgery
B. a stress on diet
C. observation and experimentation
D. All these answers are correct.

19. Ibn Khaldun argued that history should


A. emphasize the role of divine forces.
B. focus on human activity.
C. stress the shaping power of religion.
D. concentrate on the central role of "great men" in events.

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2014 by McGraw-Hill Education. This is proprietary material solely for authorized instructor use. Not authorized for sale or distribution in
any manner. This document may not be copied, scanned, duplicated, forwarded, distributed, or posted on a website, in whole or part

Chapter 09 - The Rise of Islam 622-1520

20. Who wrote the Canon of Medicine?


A. Averros
B. Ibn Khaldun
C. Avicenna
D. Muhammad al-Razi

21. Which of the following describes the ghazal?


A. a short lyric usually dealing with love
B. a lament, especially for the dead
C. an ode with a pagan theme
D. an epic poem focusing on a warrior's conquests

22. Who was the foremost writer in the maqamah genre?


A. al-Hamadhani
B. al-Hariri
C. Ibn Hazm
D. Rumi

23. Which of the following influenced Islamic architecture?


A. Greco-Roman columns
B. Byzantine domes
C. the Persian teaching mosque
D. All these answers are correct.

24. The oldest extant Islamic monument, from the seventh century, is the
A. Dome of the Rock in Jerusalem.
B. Great Mosque of Kairouan in Tunisia.
C. Ibn Tulun mosque in Cairo.
D. Alhambra in Granada.

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2014 by McGraw-Hill Education. This is proprietary material solely for authorized instructor use. Not authorized for sale or distribution in
any manner. This document may not be copied, scanned, duplicated, forwarded, distributed, or posted on a website, in whole or part

Chapter 09 - The Rise of Islam 622-1520

25. 25 The dominant architectural structure in Islam is the


A. temple.
B. fortress-palace.
C. mosque.
D. tomb.

26. Which is NOT a characteristic feature of an Islamic mosque?


A. a nearby minaret for prayer calls
B. an open courtyard
C. rows of benches to accommodate the faithful
D. rich decorations of mosaics, Oriental carpets, and calligraphic friezes

27. A thin pointed tower in which a Muslim official calls the faithful to prayer is called a
A. muezzin.
B. minaret.
C. mosque.
D. broadcast tower.

28. Which of the following is a pulpit?


A. minaret
B. qiblah
C. minbar
D. d. iwan

29. Religious schools for advanced study in the Islamic world are called
A. madrasas.
B. Alhambras.
C. minarets.
D. None of these answers is correct.

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any manner. This document may not be copied, scanned, duplicated, forwarded, distributed, or posted on a website, in whole or part

Chapter 09 - The Rise of Islam 622-1520

30. The elementary school of early Islam


A. taught boys and girls the proper way to read and interpret the Qur'an.
B. taught basic religious education to boys.
C. taught advanced religious education concerning the Qur'an.
D. provided military training and tactics to budding religious warriors.

31. Which type of Islamic art was developed despite a Qur'anic prohibition?
A. arabesque
B. book painting
C. calligraphy
D. decorations of mihrabs in mosques

32. What important technology did Christian Europe learn from Islamic civilization in Spain?
A. gunpowder
B. artillery
C. paper making
D. hydraulics

33. The capital of the Abbasid dynasty was


A. Damascus.
B. Baghdad.
C. Medina
D. Istanbul

34. Which of the following was an influence of medieval Islam on the West?
A. It transmitted the legacies of classical Greco-Roman culture.
B. It reconciled religion with Aristotle's philosophy.
C. It gave the West algebra, the pointed arch, and other technologies.
D. All these answers are correct.

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2014 by McGraw-Hill Education. This is proprietary material solely for authorized instructor use. Not authorized for sale or distribution in
any manner. This document may not be copied, scanned, duplicated, forwarded, distributed, or posted on a website, in whole or part

Chapter 09 - The Rise of Islam 622-1520

35. Ibn Khaldun's greatest achievement was


A. the translation of the Qur'an into multiple languages.
B. a multivolume history of the world.
C. the development of new forms of Arabic poetry and verse.
D. the reconciliation of Aristotelian and Christian thought.

36. Which of the following was a major technological achievement of the Muslim world?
A. naval sail technology
B. rudimentary electronics
C. hydraulics
D. gunpowder and demolitions

37. The concept of adab mostly closely means


A. faithfulness.
B. rules of conduct.
C. cleanliness.
D. devotion.

38. Which of the following was a typical focus of the maqamah genre of Arabic literature?
A. lowlifes
B. royalty
C. clerics
D. adventurers

39. Islamic scholars have not accepted The Thousand and One Nights as classical literature
because of its
A. fictional nature.
B. pre-Muslim origin.
C. rejection of many of the tenets of Islam.
D. colloquial language and grammatical errors.

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2014 by McGraw-Hill Education. This is proprietary material solely for authorized instructor use. Not authorized for sale or distribution in
any manner. This document may not be copied, scanned, duplicated, forwarded, distributed, or posted on a website, in whole or part

Chapter 09 - The Rise of Islam 622-1520

40. Which of the following is NOT true of the Dome of the Rock?
A. It has been lost to history.
B. It reflected the simple values of Islam.
C. Only religious activities were allowed within its walls.
D. It contained a qiblah wall.

41. The Great Mosque in Spain is a brilliant example of what style of mosque?
A. simple dome
B. iwan
C. madrasa
D. congregational

42. Yahya ibn Mahmud al-Wasiti, considered the best of the Arab painters whose works
survive, typically painted
A. episodes in the life of a con artist.
B. episodes in the life of Muhammad.
C. still lifes of scenes depicted in the Qur'an.
D. still lifes of Muslim architectural works.

43. Music in Muslim culture was initially dominated by


A. choral music accompanied by a small orchestra.
B. instrumental music.
C. vocal music.
D. brass instruments.

44. The first written Islamic histories dealt with


A. the pre-Muslim history of the Arabian peninsula.
B. the life of the Prophet.
C. the establishment of the Abbasid dynasty.
D. Islamic relations with the Byzantine world.

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2014 by McGraw-Hill Education. This is proprietary material solely for authorized instructor use. Not authorized for sale or distribution in
any manner. This document may not be copied, scanned, duplicated, forwarded, distributed, or posted on a website, in whole or part

Chapter 09 - The Rise of Islam 622-1520

45. What is the basic purpose of sharia law?


A. to prescribe punishments for violators of religious custom
B. to provide for the smooth running of government
C. to facilitate the expansion of Islam to foreign lands
D. to tell the faithful what to believe and how to behave

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2014 by McGraw-Hill Education. This is proprietary material solely for authorized instructor use. Not authorized for sale or distribution in
any manner. This document may not be copied, scanned, duplicated, forwarded, distributed, or posted on a website, in whole or part

Chapter 09 - The Rise of Islam 622-1520

Essay Questions
46. What were the social, historical, and geographical conditions in the Arab peninsula on the
eve of the founding of Islam?
Answers will vary

47. What were the key events in the life of Muhammad, and how did these events affect the
rise of Islam?
Answers will vary

48. Discuss the role of Mecca and Medina in the development of Islam.
Answers will vary

49. What are the principal theological beliefs found in the Qur'an and the Hadith?
Answers will vary

50. Discuss the beliefs of Sufi Muslims. How did they differ from and challenge Sunni
Muslim orthodoxy?
Answers will vary

51. How did Islam influence the technological development and the arts of the modern West?
Answers will vary

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2014 by McGraw-Hill Education. This is proprietary material solely for authorized instructor use. Not authorized for sale or distribution in
any manner. This document may not be copied, scanned, duplicated, forwarded, distributed, or posted on a website, in whole or part

Chapter 09 - The Rise of Islam 622-1520

52. Discuss the intellectual accomplishments of Muslim scholars during the Abbasid dynasty.
Answers will vary

53. What were the most significant legacies of medieval Islam?


Answers will vary

54. What impact did Islam have on society, politics, art, architecture, and literature?
Answers will vary

55. How did book painting and Persian miniatures reflect artistic stages of development in
Islamic civilization?
Answers will vary

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2014 by McGraw-Hill Education. This is proprietary material solely for authorized instructor use. Not authorized for sale or distribution in
any manner. This document may not be copied, scanned, duplicated, forwarded, distributed, or posted on a website, in whole or part