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Las costumbres en la mesa española
Comer en España es un ritual social de los más importantes que hay: no sólo se come y se comparte la
comida, sino lo que se comparte es la vida. Es más: comer solo para un español puede ser una experiencia
muy triste. Todo esto se observa especialmente en las costumbres en la mesa.
Primera: "esperar a todos". No se empieza a comer hasta que se han sentado todos los invitados. Incluso
si la comida era a las tres y los últimos en llegar aparecen a las tres y media. Saltarse esta norma es un
atentado contra la etiqueta básica en la mesa. Al mismo tiempo es muy importante el horario de las
comidas y las cenas: en España se come entre las dos y media y las tres, y está muy mal visto llegar tarde.
Las cenas se sirven a partir de las ocho y media, siendo las nueve y media la hora normal para sentarse a
la mesa.
Segunda: en una mesa española nunca falta pan recién hecho. Es costumbre comprar pan todos los días, y
el pan de ayer se tira.
Tercera: antes de comer hay que poner la mesa: se despeja la mesa, se coloca un mantel, unos vasos,
servilletas y cubiertos para cada persona. Esto lo suelen hacer los niños, o, si no los hay, se hace entre
todos (incluidos los invitados).
Cuarta: cuando se acaba la comida se sirve un postre (una fruta o un dulce) y un café. Mientras tanto los
invitados a menudo ayudan a los anfitriones a recoger los platos.
Quinta: la "sobremesa". Esta costumbre tan española consiste en que, cuando se han retirado los platos,
todos los presentes inician unas largas conversaciones sobre cualquier tema. Se prefieren temas políticos
y/o deportivos. Curiosamente, con todo, es poco habitual iniciar una conversación seria mientras se come:
lo más normal es esperarse hasta el postre y el café. Esta sobremesa puede alargarse durante horas. En las
reuniones más extensas la comida se enlaza directamente con la cena, ¡tanto llega a durar! En muchas
ocasiones, sin embargo, la sobremesa puede acabar mal cuando quienes se reúnen no se llevan bien. Esto
suele ocurrir en las muy "temidas" cenas de Nochebuena, donde es casi obligación reunirse en familia.
Autor/a Jose Gordillo Peribáñez, Paula Salgado Reig
1. Según el texto:
a. En España, en las comidas, sólo se comparte la comida
b. A los españoles nos gusta comer solos

c. En España comer es un ritual en el que se comparte la comida y la vida
2. Según el texto:
a. En España no se empieza a comer hasta que no llega el último comensal.
b. Las comidas empiezan puntualmente
c. Las horas de las comidas no son importantes
3. Según el texto:

.. La sobremesa tiene lugar... a. 4. se habla de política y deportes. después de la comida... . no es frecuente en España. se establecen conversaciones serias. un café y recogen la mesa entre los anfitriones e invitados... Después de la comida. c. Poner la mesa es. a.lo que hace el cocinero-a antes de servir la comida 5.... c. ..se toma un dulce y los invitados recogen la mesa 6. a...... b. Se guarda el pan de un día para otro.. . a.2 a.. se termina después de tomar un café.. .. ...se toma un postre. .se toma un postre y los niños recogen la mesa b. La sobremesa. .. durante la comida. b. b... 7.. a. .. .... Durante la comida... .... . antes de la comida. c.. b.. .. Se come con pan de molde. c...poner sobre la mesa lo necesario para comer c.. c. puede durar hasta la cena. no se habla de temas serios 8. .. .traer una mesa y colocarla para comer b. . Siempre hay pan recién hecho.

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what advice would you give them? What culture besides your own do you admire? Why? If aliens visited your country. . what would it be? Would you ever consider marrying or dating someone from another culture? Would you ever consider living permanently in a country other than your home country? Why or why not? Do you think "when in Rome. do as the Romans do" is always good advice? Why or why not? Have you ever been in a situation where you felt you had to "do as the Romans do"? What do you think is important when visiting another culture? If a group of people just came to your country from overseas. music...6             What in your culture are you most proud about? If you could change one thing about your culture. . what might surprise them? What is the best/most important thing your culture has given to the world? What is the best/most important thing your culture/country has adopted from another culture? What are some things that define a culture? For example. language.