IT’S AN URBAN WORLD: A POOR URBAN WORLD

SOLUTION FRAMEWORK TO SUPPORT SUSTAINABILITY
AND GUIDELINES FOR IMPROVEMENT
THE TOOLS AND THE APPROACH
SUCCESSFUL PROJECTS
VISIONARY IMAGES

Rosario Giusti de Pérez

IT’S AN URBAN WORLD

Dimensions of the poor urban world:
Massive occupation of small units; typical of Latin American Cities

The Urban World: Two Different Worlds

The Urban World: Two Different Worlds

Barrio 23 de Enero, Caracas, Venezuela

CONTRAST BETWEEN TWO WORLDS:
Swimming pools in formal development| Water is scarce in Barrios

INFORMAL DEVELOPMENT (BARRIO)

FORMAL DEVELOPMENT

THE POOR URBAN WORLD IN LATIN AMERICA

Common urban images of Latin American Cities

Main problem:
Access to Urban Services

The challenge for Latin American Planners and Designers:
How to achieve sustainable change through Urban Design Projects?
Where up to 50%
of urban land
is occupied by illegal
developments that
demand change

And
Where residents
attachment to the site
is very strong, and
change does not include
relocation
Barrio La Vega in the periphery of the city of Caracas.

Solution Framework to Support Community Sustainability and Resilience
Guidelines to define
a sustainable framework
for improvement

Analyze and understand geography of
the site, developing
suitability/capability
models

Facilitate Communication/
Collaboration between
financial, developers and
community

Enable community participation by
supporting integration , understanding
and collaboration

. . . Creating a Common Language

Guidelines to define a SUSTAINABLE framework
for improvement

1- Preservation of Physical and Social Values
1.1 Preserve urban residents’ memories. Referential Urban Elements and minimum interventions.

Urban Elements: Entrance doors are an example
Barrio 19 de Abril, La Vega, Caracas

Removal actions:
government action most feared by slum residents.

1.2. Preservation of the Community Social Domains is a must

Definition of the Social Groups: The community identified 93 sectors within 82 hectares

The overlapping showed
the independence
between the social groups
and the built form

1.3. Expropriation proposed only for environmental protection when evident
aggressions to the environment occur.

2-Community Participation: Technical Process

2.1. Promote and create a Community Association.

2.2. Establish a network system to define social information
spatially-related, using residents cellular phone

3 - Communities Expectations and Views
3.1. Communities don’t expect great projects.
Several small solutions satisfy larger groups.
Barrio Unido: La Vega, Caracas, Venezuela

3.2. The great social and physical impact
in the community usually comes from
investments in infrastructure and services
in the poorest areas.

3 - Communities Expectations and Views
3.3. Don’t reject aesthetic views of
the communities. It is part of their identity.

3.4. Beware of standards; it’s an action
that disrupts local integration forms. Trying to
apply those may lead to dead ends.

Periphery of Caracas

Barrio 19 de Abril, Autopista Caracas-La Guaira

The Basis for Designing a Sustainable Upgrading Plan
THE TOOLS : GIS

Barrio Petare, Venezuela

THE APPROACH: GEODESIGN

Casares, España

GIS: fundamental tool when developing upgrading plans
Site Analysis: using the adequate tools to understand the spatial problem, and
its interrelation with building and social characteristics
1- When deciding what to relocate (identifying high risk areas)

2- Identifying the first upgrading interventions (poorest areas) Poverty Maps

18

GIS: A required tool for understanding urban proposals for a complex built environment

Source: Analyzing Urban Poverty: GIS for the Developing World

View using data online

Change through Geodesign: limited by social variables associated to residents

Residents connection
(roots) with the
environment

strength measured in time of
residence

Variable 1: Strength
of connection
with environment

Combination Provides a
framework for change
applying concepts of
Restoration and
Reconciliation

Social Domains
(Condominiums)
domains defined
by social ties
(continuous relations and
knowledge between neighbors)

Variable 2: Social
Domains

How to CHANGE: through Restoration and Reconciliation Interventions
A Restoration/Reconciliation Design Approach: upgrading public facades

A design process that
acknowledges that humans
and natural systems
are one, and aesthetical
values of the community
belong to their identity

A Restoration Approach: Integrating Geography and the Public Facade
Ribera Rio Rimac, Lima Peru

Cómpeta, Andalucía: Casas Colgantes

Restoring the urban facades to become a tourist attraction (Casas Colgantes)

A Restorative Design Approach: Improving Public Space

Restorative Design for Barrio 19 de Abril (La Vega)

Refurbish the street and preserve existing features.
Proyecto de habilitación Barrio 19 de Abril, La Vega, Caracas

Restoration of Urban Infrastructure

Opción1
Sobre acera

Canal sobre Escalera

Opción2
Sobre borde de
calzada

Sewer System: Channel
at both sides of
the pedestrian way
Canaleta vereda

Red domiciliaria

RESTORE VERSUS RELOCATION
RESTORE existing illegal developments
INSTEAD of Government relocation policies

CIUDAD CARIBIA

DOÑA EVANGELISTA: A SUCCESFUL UPGRADING PROJECT
Barrio 24 DE JULIO, PETARE, CARACAS, VENEZUELA

CONDOMINIO DOÑA EVANGELISTA
FRIENDLY AND SUSTAINABLE UPGRADING PROPOSAL

Plan oriented to satisfy basic needs,
and also values residents social ties
and urban aesthetic as basic needs.

THE CONDOMINIUM BEFORE UPGRADING

THE CONDOMINIUM BEFORE UPGRADING

THE CONDOMINIUM BEFORE UPGRADING

Plan oriented to satisfy basic needs, and also values residents social ties and urban aesthetic as basic needs.

EXISTING ACCESS

NEW ACCESS

CONDOMINIUM DOÑA EVANGELISTA

GRAN MISION BARRIO NUEVO
BARRIO TRICOLOR (GMBNBT)

Plan oriented to satisfy basic
needs, and also values residents
social ties and urban aesthetic
as basic needs.

CONDOMINIUM DOÑA EVANGELISTA

CONDOMINIUM DOÑA EVANGELISTA

CONDOMINIUM DOÑA EVANGELISTA

Interior access space

VISIONS OF POSSIBLE SOLUTIONS AROUND THE WORLD

PETARE,
Venezuela

MANAROLA,
Italy

Restoring the general appearance of the public facade can
transform the settlement in an urban icon…

INTERNAL CIRCULATION; PETARE AND MANAROLA

PETARE

MANAROLA

PETARE

MANAROLA

INTERNAL CIRCULATION; PETARE AND ALBACYN

Petare, Caracas Venezuela

Albaycin, Granada, España

MORE INFORMATION CAN BE FOUND AT:
URBAN POVERTY STORY MAP - WWW.ESRIVEN.COM

Thank you!