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IT’S AN URBAN WORLD: A POOR URBAN WORLD

SOLUTION FRAMEWORK TO SUPPORT SUSTAINABILITY
AND GUIDELINES FOR IMPROVEMENT
THE TOOLS AND THE APPROACH
SUCCESSFUL PROJECTS
VISIONARY IMAGES

Rosario Giusti de Pérez

IT’S AN URBAN WORLD

Dimensions of the poor urban world:
Massive occupation of small units; typical of Latin American Cities

The Urban World: Two Different Worlds

The Urban World: Two Different Worlds

Barrio 23 de Enero, Caracas, Venezuela

CONTRAST BETWEEN TWO WORLDS: Swimming pools in formal development| Water is scarce in Barrios INFORMAL DEVELOPMENT (BARRIO) FORMAL DEVELOPMENT .

THE POOR URBAN WORLD IN LATIN AMERICA Common urban images of Latin American Cities .

Main problem: Access to Urban Services .

.The challenge for Latin American Planners and Designers: How to achieve sustainable change through Urban Design Projects? Where up to 50% of urban land is occupied by illegal developments that demand change And Where residents attachment to the site is very strong. and change does not include relocation Barrio La Vega in the periphery of the city of Caracas.

developing suitability/capability models Facilitate Communication/ Collaboration between financial.Solution Framework to Support Community Sustainability and Resilience Guidelines to define a sustainable framework for improvement Analyze and understand geography of the site. Creating a Common Language . . . developers and community Enable community participation by supporting integration . understanding and collaboration .

Guidelines to define a SUSTAINABLE framework for improvement .

La Vega.Preservation of Physical and Social Values 1. Caracas Removal actions: government action most feared by slum residents.1. . Urban Elements: Entrance doors are an example Barrio 19 de Abril.1 Preserve urban residents’ memories. Referential Urban Elements and minimum interventions.

1.2. Preservation of the Community Social Domains is a must Definition of the Social Groups: The community identified 93 sectors within 82 hectares The overlapping showed the independence between the social groups and the built form .

Expropriation proposed only for environmental protection when evident aggressions to the environment occur.1.3. .

Promote and create a Community Association. 2.2-Community Participation: Technical Process 2. Establish a network system to define social information spatially-related.2.1. using residents cellular phone .

Barrio Unido: La Vega. Venezuela 3. Caracas. The great social and physical impact in the community usually comes from investments in infrastructure and services in the poorest areas.1. Communities don’t expect great projects.Communities Expectations and Views 3. Several small solutions satisfy larger groups. .2.3 .

Periphery of Caracas Barrio 19 de Abril. it’s an action that disrupts local integration forms.Communities Expectations and Views 3. Beware of standards.3. 3. Autopista Caracas-La Guaira . It is part of their identity.3 . Don’t reject aesthetic views of the communities.4. Trying to apply those may lead to dead ends.

The Basis for Designing a Sustainable Upgrading Plan THE TOOLS : GIS Barrio Petare. España . Venezuela THE APPROACH: GEODESIGN Casares.

and its interrelation with building and social characteristics 1.GIS: fundamental tool when developing upgrading plans Site Analysis: using the adequate tools to understand the spatial problem.Identifying the first upgrading interventions (poorest areas) Poverty Maps 18 .When deciding what to relocate (identifying high risk areas) 2.

GIS: A required tool for understanding urban proposals for a complex built environment Source: Analyzing Urban Poverty: GIS for the Developing World .

View using data online .

Change through Geodesign: limited by social variables associated to residents Residents connection (roots) with the environment strength measured in time of residence Variable 1: Strength of connection with environment Combination Provides a framework for change applying concepts of Restoration and Reconciliation Social Domains (Condominiums) domains defined by social ties (continuous relations and knowledge between neighbors) Variable 2: Social Domains .

How to CHANGE: through Restoration and Reconciliation Interventions A Restoration/Reconciliation Design Approach: upgrading public facades A design process that acknowledges that humans and natural systems are one. and aesthetical values of the community belong to their identity .

A Restoration Approach: Integrating Geography and the Public Facade Ribera Rio Rimac. Andalucía: Casas Colgantes Restoring the urban facades to become a tourist attraction (Casas Colgantes) . Lima Peru Cómpeta.

La Vega. Caracas . Proyecto de habilitación Barrio 19 de Abril.A Restorative Design Approach: Improving Public Space Restorative Design for Barrio 19 de Abril (La Vega) Refurbish the street and preserve existing features.

Restoration of Urban Infrastructure Opción1 Sobre acera Canal sobre Escalera Opción2 Sobre borde de calzada Sewer System: Channel at both sides of the pedestrian way Canaleta vereda Red domiciliaria .

RESTORE VERSUS RELOCATION RESTORE existing illegal developments INSTEAD of Government relocation policies CIUDAD CARIBIA .

DOÑA EVANGELISTA: A SUCCESFUL UPGRADING PROJECT Barrio 24 DE JULIO. PETARE. VENEZUELA . CARACAS.

.CONDOMINIO DOÑA EVANGELISTA FRIENDLY AND SUSTAINABLE UPGRADING PROPOSAL Plan oriented to satisfy basic needs. and also values residents social ties and urban aesthetic as basic needs.

THE CONDOMINIUM BEFORE UPGRADING .

THE CONDOMINIUM BEFORE UPGRADING .

.THE CONDOMINIUM BEFORE UPGRADING Plan oriented to satisfy basic needs. and also values residents social ties and urban aesthetic as basic needs.

EXISTING ACCESS NEW ACCESS .

CONDOMINIUM DOÑA EVANGELISTA GRAN MISION BARRIO NUEVO BARRIO TRICOLOR (GMBNBT) Plan oriented to satisfy basic needs. . and also values residents social ties and urban aesthetic as basic needs.

CONDOMINIUM DOÑA EVANGELISTA .

CONDOMINIUM DOÑA EVANGELISTA .

CONDOMINIUM DOÑA EVANGELISTA Interior access space .

VISIONS OF POSSIBLE SOLUTIONS AROUND THE WORLD .

Venezuela MANAROLA.PETARE. Italy Restoring the general appearance of the public facade can transform the settlement in an urban icon… .

INTERNAL CIRCULATION. PETARE AND MANAROLA PETARE MANAROLA PETARE MANAROLA .

Granada. PETARE AND ALBACYN Petare. España .INTERNAL CIRCULATION. Caracas Venezuela Albaycin.

WWW.MORE INFORMATION CAN BE FOUND AT: URBAN POVERTY STORY MAP .COM .ESRIVEN.

Thank you! .