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The conquest of Makkah

‫َف ْت ُح َم ّك َة‬
WHEN?
Death of
the
Prophet

HIJRAH

5 AH

0

WHY?

WHO?

WHO WERE THE ENEMY

WHERE?

10 AH

the Prophet said to its people: ‫ ما تَ َر ْو َن أنّي فا ِع ٌل ِبكم؟‬." . Surely. we expect nothing but good from you.Some of the Companions who took part: ِ ‫اطل ۚ إِ َّن الْب‬ ِ ‫اْل ُّق وزهق الْب‬ ‫اط َل َكا َن َزُهوقًا‬ َ ُ َ َ َ َ َ َْ َ‫َوقُ ْل َجاء‬ {And say: "Truth (Islamic Monotheism) has come and al-Baatil (falsehood. "Oh noble brother and son of a noble brother. what do you think that I should do to you?" And they said. polytheism) has vanished."} [Surah Al-Isra’ 17:81] The day of the conquest of Makkah.‫يا َمع َشر قريش‬ "O Quraysh." Thereupon the Prophet declared: ‫يب َعلَ ْي ُك ُم ْاليَ ْو َم‬ َ ‫ََل ت َْث ِر‬ ُ ‫ال ي ُوس‬ :‫ُف ِِل ْخواتِ ِه‬ َ َ‫فإنّي أقُو ُل لَ ُكم َكما ق‬ "I speak to you in the same words as Yusuf spoke to his brothers: {No reproach on you this day} [Surah Yusuf 12:92]} Go your way. al-Baatil is ever bound to vanish. for you are free.

WHAT HAPPENED? .

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so he could watch it. when Makkah was conquered. And the Arabs (other than the Quraysh) delayed their conversion to Islam until the conquest of Makkah. Abu Sufyan asked who they were. […]” . the Prophet ordered Al‘Abbas to detain Abu Sufiyan on the top of the mountain.GEMS FROM THE COMPANIONS (may Allah be pleased with them) When the Muslim army was marching towards Makkah. because of the Qur’anic material I used to learn from the caravans. he said: “By Allah! I have come to you from the Prophet for sure!” The Prophet afterwards said to them: “Offer such and such prayer at such and such time […] and let the one amongst you who knows Qur’an the most lead the salah. When it came to the last group. at that time. “That man claims that Allah has sent him (as a Messenger) […] and that Allah has revealed to him such and such.” Abu Sufyan agreed.” So they looked for such a person and found no one who knew more Qur’an than me. six or seven years old. I was a boy. They used to say: “Leave Muhammad and his people (the Quraysh): If he overpowers them. Al-‘Abbas said they were the Prophet and his Companions. Abu Sufyan said to Al-‘Abbas: “I swear by Allah that the sovereignty of your brother’s son has become too powerful to withstand!” Al-‘Abbas said: “It is the power of prophethood. When my father returned to his tribe (from embracing Islam).” So. and the caravans used to pass by us and we would ask them: “What’s wrong with the people? Who is that man?” They would say. Narrated ‘Amr ibn Salamah: We were at a place that people used to travel through. The army marched arranged by tribe and Abu Sufyan asked about each tribe. then every tribe rushed to embrace Islam. and my father hurried to embrace Islam before (the other members of) my tribe.” I used to memorise those (revealed) words and feel as though they were inculcated in my chest. So they made me their Imam and. then he is a true Prophet.

What was the outcome? What happened next? ‫الحق‬ Did you enjoy learning about this event? What did you like the most? ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… ….…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… .