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DISEO DE LOSA ALIGERADA

losa aligerada de 1 al 3 nivel


1.0)

DEFINICIN DE SECCIN DE LA LOSA ALIGERADA:

- Esfuerzo de fluencia del acero (fy):


- EsfuerZO de compresin del concreto (f'c):
- Sobre carga de techo (S/c):
- Pp Aligerado (P.p. alig):
- Peso de acabados (P. ac):
- Peso de albaileria (P. alb):
- Espesor del aligerado (H.):
- Altura de ladrillo (HL.):

Wu1

2.0)

Wu1

Wu1

4.275
m CARGAS:
METRADO DE

4200
210
250
300
100
100
20
15

4.40 m

Wu1

4.40 m

2.1) Clculo de Carga Distribuida:


Peso Propio: 0.3 * 0.4 * 1 =
Acabado: 0.1 * 0.4 * 1 =
Albaileria: 0.1 * 0.4 * 1 =

0.12
0.04
0.040
0.20

Sobre Carga: 0.25 * 0.4 * 1 =

0.10
Wu= 1.4WD+1.7WL
Wu1 =

0.45

3.0)

MODELAMIENTO SAP 2000, v15.0.0:


3.1) Modelo Con Carga distribuida WD (Tn):

3.2) Modelo Con Carga distribuida WL (Tn):

3.3) Diagrama de Momentos: (Tn.m)

3.4) Diagrama de Cortantes: (Tn)

4.0)

CLCULO DE ACERO DE REFUERZO:


4.1) Acero Positivo en tramo BC=DE (Valor mayor):
Mdiseo =
Considerando :

Mu AB =
1/2 ''
As =

Iterando:
a=
a=
a=
a=

3.473
1.991
1.901
1.896

= 0.500

t/m

cm

1.27

Mu
0.9*fy*(d - a/2)

d=

t - 0.5* - r =

a=

cm
cm
cm
cm

As =
As =
As =
As =

0.846
0.808
0.806
0.806

Usaremos:
1

1/2 ''

======>

As=

4.2) Acero Positivo en tramo AB=EF:


Mdiseo =
Considerando :

Mu AB =
1/2 ''
As =

Iterando:
a=
a=
a=
a=

3.473
1.991
1.901
1.896

= 0.500

t/m

cm

1.27

Mu
0.9*fy*(d - a/2)

d=

t - 0.5* - r =

a=

cm
cm
cm
cm

As =
As =
As =
As =

0.846
0.808
0.806
0.806

Usaremos:
1

1/2 ''

4.3) Acero Negativo en Ptos:


Mdiseo =
Considerando :

Mu AB =
1/2 ''
As =

======>

As=

B,C,D,E
= 1.050

t/m

cm

1.27

Mu
0.9*fy*(d - a/2)

;
;

d=

t - 0.5* - r =
a=

Iterando:
a=
a=
a=
a=

3.473
4.181
4.280
4.292

cm
cm
cm
cm

As =
As =
As =
As =

1.777
1.819
1.824
1.825

======>

As=

Usaremos:
1
1

1/2 '' +
3/8 ''

4.4) Acero Negativo en Ptos:


Mdiseo =
Considerando :

Mu AB =
1/2 ''
As =

Iterando:
a=
a=
a=
a=

A=F

3.473
4.181
4.280
4.292

= 1.050

t/m

cm

1.27

Mu
0.9*fy*(d - a/2)
cm
cm
cm
cm

t - 0.5* - r =

d=

a=

As =
As =
As =
As =

1.777
1.819
1.824
1.825

======>

As=

Usaremos:
1
1

1/2 '' +
3/8 ''

CHEQUEO POR CORTE

=
f'c=

0.85
210

corte
Kg/cm2

b=
d=

10
17.37

CORTE QUE TOMA EL CONCRETO


Vuc= 0.53f'cbd
Vuc=
1133.65 Kg
Vuc=

1.13 TN

CORTE ACTUANTE SEGN SAP 2000 a una distancia d=0.173 del apoyo.

Vua=

1.05 TN

Vuc

>

LIGERADA
3 nivel

Kg/cm2
Kg/cm2
Kg/m2
Kg/m2
Kg/m2
Kg/m2
cm
cm

Wu
1

Wu1

4.40 m

t/m
t/m
t/m
t/m
t/m

t/m

4.275 m

17.37 cm ,

r =

2.0 cm

As * fy
0.85*f'c * b
cm2
cm2
cm2
cm2

; Asmin=
; Asmin=

1.27

cm2

17.37 cm ,

0.0018*b*d
0.313 cm2

Ok

r =

2.0 cm

As * fy
0.85*f'c * b
cm2
cm2
cm2
cm2

; Asmin=
; Asmin=

1.27

cm2

17.37 cm ,
As * fy
0.85*f'c * b

0.0018*b*d
0.313 cm2

Ok

r =

2.0 cm

cm2
cm2
cm2
cm2

; Asmin=
; Asmin=

1.98

Ok

cm2

17.37 cm ,

0.0018*b*d
0.313 cm2

r =

2.0 cm

As * fy
0.85*f'c * b
cm2
cm2
cm2
cm2

; Asmin=
; Asmin=

1.98

cm
cm

cm2

0.0018*b*d
0.313 cm2

Ok

Vua

O.K

DISEO DE LOSA ALIGERADA


BLOQUE A/ losa aligerada de 1 nivel
1.0)

DEFINICIN DE SECCIN DE LA LOSA ALIGERADA:

- Esfuerzo de fluencia del acero (fy):


- Esfuerzo a la compresin del concreto (f'c):
- Sobre carga de techo (S/c):
- Pp Aligerado (P.p. alig):
- Peso de acabados (P. ac):
- Peso de albaileria (P. alb):
- Espesor del aligerado (H.):
- Altura de ladrillo (HL.):

Wu
1

2.0)

Wu1

Wu1
3.05 m

4200
210
400
300
100
100
17
12

3.80
m

3.25 m

METRADO DE CARGAS:
2.1) Clculo de Carga Distribuida:
Peso Propio: 0.3 * 0.4 * 1.4
Acabado: 0.1 * 0.4 * 1.4
Albaileria: 0.1 * 0.4 * 1.4
Sobre Carga: 0.4 * 0.4 * 1.7

3.0)

MODELAMIENTO SAP 2000, v15.0.0:


3.1) Modelo Con Carga distribuida:

=
=
=
=
Wu1 =

0.168
0.056
0.056
0.272
0.552

3.2) Diagrama de Momentos: (tn.m)

4.0)

CLCULO DE ACERO DE REFUERZO:


4.1) Acero Positivo en tramo AB:
Mdiseo =
Considerando :

Mu AB =
1/2 ''
As =

= 0.340

t/m

cm

1.27

Mu
0.9*fy*(d - a/2)

d=

t - 0.5* - r =

a=

Iterando:
a=
a=
a=
a=

2.873
1.638
1.562
1.558

cm
cm
cm
cm

As =
As =
As =
As =

0.696
0.664
0.662
0.662

Usaremos:
1

1/2 ''

======>

As=

4.2) Acero Positivo en tramo EF:


Mdiseo =
Considerando :

Mu AB =
1/2 ''
As =

= 0.490

t/m

cm

1.27

Mu
0.9*fy*(d - a/2)

d=

t - 0.5* - r =

a=

Iterando:
a=
a=
a=
a=

2.873
2.360
2.313
2.308

cm
cm
cm
cm

As =
As =
As =
As =

1.003
0.983
0.981
0.981

Usaremos:
1

1/2 ''

======>

As=

4.3) Acero Negativo en Pto B:


Mdiseo =
Considerando :

Mu AB =
1/2 ''
As =

= 0.670

t/m

cm

1.27

Mu
0.9*fy*(d - a/2)

d=

t - 0.5* - r =

a=

Iterando:
a=
a=
a=
a=

2.873
3.226
3.271
3.275

cm
cm
cm
cm

As =
As =
As =
As =

1.371
1.390
1.392
1.393

======>

As=

Usaremos:
1
1

1/2 '' +
3/8 ''

4.4) Acero Negativo en Pto C:


Mdiseo =
Considerando :

Mu AB =
1/2 ''
As =

= 0.590

t/m

cm

1.27

Mu
0.9*fy*(d - a/2)

d=

t - 0.5* - r =

a=

Iterando:
a=
a=
a=
a=

2.873
2.840
2.838
2.838

cm
cm
cm
cm

As =
As =
As =
As =

1.207
1.206
1.206
1.206

======>

As=

Usaremos:
1
1

1/2 '' +
3/8 ''

4.5) Acero Negativo en Pto D:


Mdiseo =
Considerando :

Mu AB =
1/2 ''

= 0.420

t/m

cm

1.27

d=

t - 0.5* - r =

As =

Mu
0.9*fy*(d - a/2)

a=

Iterando:
a=
a=
a=
a=

2.873
2.021
1.958
1.953

cm
cm
cm
cm

As =
As =
As =
As =

0.859
0.832
0.830
0.830

======>

As=

Usaremos:
1
0

1/2 '' +
3/8 ''

4.6) Acero Negativo en Pto E:


Mdiseo =
Considerando :

Mu AB =
1/2 ''
As =

= 0.660

t/m

cm

1.27

Mu
0.9*fy*(d - a/2)

d=

t - 0.5* - r =

a=

Iterando:
a=
a=
a=
a=

2.873
3.179
3.216
3.221

cm
cm
cm
cm

As =
As =
As =
As =

1.351
1.367
1.369
1.369

======>

As=

Usaremos:
1
1

1/2 '' +
3/8 ''

LIGERADA

ada de 1 nivel

Kg/cm2
Kg/cm2
Kg/m2
Kg/m2
Kg/m2
Kg/m2
cm
cm

Wu
1

Wu
1

3.25 m

3.30 m

t/m
t/m
t/m
t/m
t/m

3.38 m

14.37 cm ,

r =

2.0 cm

As * fy
0.85*f'c * b
cm2
cm2
cm2
cm2

; Asmin=
; Asmin=

1.27

cm2

14.37 cm ,

0.0018*b*d
0.259 cm2

Ok

r =

2.0 cm

As * fy
0.85*f'c * b
cm2
cm2
cm2
cm2

; Asmin=
; Asmin=

1.27

cm2

0.0018*b*d
0.259 cm2

Ok

14.37 cm ,

r =

2.0 cm

As * fy
0.85*f'c * b
cm2
cm2
cm2
cm2

; Asmin=
; Asmin=

1.98

Ok

cm2

14.37 cm ,

0.0018*b*d
0.259 cm2

r =

2.0 cm

As * fy
0.85*f'c * b
cm2
cm2
cm2
cm2

; Asmin=
; Asmin=

1.98

Ok

cm2

14.37 cm ,

0.0018*b*d
0.259 cm2

r =

2.0 cm

As * fy
0.85*f'c * b
cm2
cm2
cm2
cm2

; Asmin=
; Asmin=

1.27

Ok

cm2

14.37 cm ,

0.0018*b*d
0.259 cm2

r =

2.0 cm

As * fy
0.85*f'c * b
cm2
cm2
cm2
cm2

; Asmin=
; Asmin=

1.98

cm2

0.0018*b*d
0.259 cm2

Ok