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GREATER TORONTO EDITION SEPTEMBER '98

TECHNOLOGY
SOLUTIONSFORBUSINESSINCANADA

F EAT U R E S
I

ER ~EBB

TE1 Videoconferencing enters the mainstream


TE1 Legal implications of Year 2K
readiness inquiries

18 Staging the jump to higher education

24 So you wanna be a techie?


The winding paths to a technical career

TE2 Canada to require fiscal report

of Y2K readiness
TE3 Videoconferencing: coming soon
to a PC near you
TE6 Corel's quandary:
profit vs interesting products
TE9 Dell plans to sell 50 percent
of its PCsonline
TE11 Dynamic Web demandsnew tools
TE18 Are you properly insured?
TE22 Do you need a videoconference suite?
TE23 Mobile computing a lifestyle thing
TE24 Computer-based training gets wired

42 The virtues of virtual ed


Online education is gradually becoming a reality

50 2Learn teaches teachers to usethe Web


60 The joy of safe computing

i ~:

32 In search of the sub-$1,000 (Cdn) PC


38 Sub-$1,000 (Cdn) PCchart
40 For a few dollars less
Analysis of the $1,000 PC

N EW S

ST R EV I EW S

74 Sony debuts VAIOnotebooks

94 The king of laptops

75 Sallmer namedPresident of Microsoft

77 Digital cameraspassprice,
popularity watersheds

96 Goodall offers environmental lessons

78 C omdex Canada:

98 Never too young for computers

97 Print Artist delivers engaging craft software

News from the show floor, panel discussions

EH29

and keynote speakers

100 EA lets you replay World Cup 98

CKZEH

KEaZ9

80 WebTV Plus and minus

102 AOL's marketing geniusexplained

82

O u tlook 98 combines PIM, email functions

84 Professor PCteachesWindows 98
86

T he Truster, terrorists and car salesmen

104 Graphis explores best of the Web


105 Win98 Quick Course for absolute beginners

106 Nutshell book guidesAOLusersat all levels

EEZH
93 Yahoo! Canada's educational Web sites

108 Graphs with pizzazz!


111 Weaving your own Web site: Part XXXVI

89

S oftware for stock surfing

KXIDHSI

120 The number of the beast

C OM IN G U P

I N C RK A T E R T O R O N T O E D I T I O N

Oc1oeaR 1998

Novalneae 1998

Dacaeieae 1998

lntrnnetsandcollaborative compiiting
lnkjet printers ~Webenabled productivity
Removable
storage

bnage
elitbrgtaajs nndtips
Digital cnineras
Scannem
Upgradingyourcomp~ter

Annual
giftguideA computerforChristmas
year in revinv/previevv
of ttnrigr to come
Payroll sofhvare

Ad Deadline
Distribution

Tu e ,, Sep. 1 Ad Deadline
F r i ., Sep. 18Distribution

Ca11 Now
(416) 588-1580

Tu e ., Sep. 29 Ad Deadline T u e., Oct. 27


Fri. Oct 16 Distribution
F r i ., Nov. 13

for advertising
information

l' I

'

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gg

I : ROIN THE EDITOR ~


Crazy days
TCP's lab test

SEPTEMBER1998 THE COMPUTER PAPER GREATERTORONTO EDITION www.tcp.ca

When it comes to the "value PC," local


companies have the advantage of flexibility.

application or entertaining yourself, one


large will buy you a lot of computer. It could

COlilPPiii PilPii

manager, Sean A large manufacturer doesn't want to retool even be a computer of high quality, if you
Carruthers was-

the assembly lines to run off a few thousand

don't equate quality with the latest technolo-

n't too pleased PCs with end-of-line components. A local gies,


when I suggest- assembler makes PCs one-at-a-time, or in
ed that we test small batches. Production "runs" using end- End ofthe enthusiast era
$1,000 PCs for of-line components such asPentium proces- Manufacturers big and small may not like
this month's lab sors or lower-capacity hard drives, create no this message,becausethey are predicting
report. No one

logistical problems. Computers like these will

future growth on the model that has worked

will participate, be inexpensive, but the question everyone in the past. However, a fundamental shift in
he insisted. As it wants answered is if they' ll be any good.
product differentiation seems to be occurring
turned out, he was close to being right. We

This is tough to answer, mainly because in the PC market one that has not gone

received fewer than 10 candidates for this of the variability at the local assembler level. unnoticed by the major PC makers. It's simWith large scale manufacturing, you have ply this: power alone no longersells computmonth's lab report.
Many of the manufacturers we normally
invite to participate in our lab tests were
reluctant to play for a few reasons;. First, the
profit margins are better on higher-priced

quality standards that control failure rates, ers. Today's computers have enough power

component specifications, fit and finish and capacity to do the things that most users
quality and other product parameters, to a need and want to accomplish. The next stage
level acceptable to the company. Like the fare in the evolution of home computers will be

computers. Second, manufacturers realize at fast food chains, the product will be a
that they can't give proper support at this known commodity, wherever you buy it.
price band. Third, national brand namemanAt the local scene, technical standards
ufacturers do not want to gain a reputation as and skill
and consequently, product qualibeing discount parts bin assemblers. They'd ty are more variable. We all seek a true
rather be perceived asinnovators and market craftsman but the harsh reality is, it's hard to
leaders, not clearing houses.
And yet, there is another reality. If you
look through the pages of this publication,
you will see dozens of local retailers offering
computers for under $1,000. Industry statis-

know who we' re dealing with. As with other


retail relationships, the things that seem to
consistently reveal the quality establishments are reputation, word-of-mouth, and
length of time in business.
tics say that low-priced computers made up
Another variable is that often, quality
the biggestportion of salesvolumeslast year. and value are confused with component evo-

to addressaspects like quality of design, ease


of use, convenience and, of course, cost.
If you look to the evolution of two other

consumer product categories, you see apath


this industry could follow. At one time, you
couldn't buy a hi-fi system without getting
an earful of statistics on amplifier power, sig-

nal-to-noise ratios, etc. Today, you buy the


system that sounds good to you and has the
CD caddy just where you like it.
Likewise,buying a camera a decade ago

meant absorbing lessons on the resolving

power of various films and lenses and the


lution, the argument being that low-end PCs benefits of weighted spot metering. Today

Cheap vs Inexpensive

usually contain older technology, and older you use your pocket camera and enjoy the

The time-honored business credo is to offer a technology is inferior. Therefore, low-end snaps of the kids' last Hallowe'en party.
What's instructive about these two examfair product at a fair price in other words to PCs are inferior.
balance quality and price. The magicmix will
As a general principal, this was certainly ples is that the market for high-end audio
be different for a local assembler than for a easy to demonstrate in the past. Each genera- gear or for pro-quality camera gear didn't go
national manufacturer.
tion of application or operating system away, nor have developments at the high end
A national company has larger overhead. seemed to strain the capacities of existing ceased. Likewise, there will always be a marSelling in national volumes means the com- hard drives, video cards and CPUs. But at this ket for high-end computer gear, whether for
pany needs some kind of manufacturing point in the evolution of the personal com- business or for a home user who gets a rush
from having the best the industry can delivplant and distribution system. It also needs puter, we seem to have reached a plateau.
to create a national support infrastructure,
Take the profile of a typical sub-$1,000 er. There will be an enthusiastic constituency
toll-free phone lines, branch offices, etc.
PC, circa summer 1998: 266 MHz Pentium or for Intel's just-announced 700 MHz chip.
Of course, large manufacturers can rely 300 MHz AMD processor, 32 MB RAM, 3 GB
However a new kind of simpler computer

on economies ofscale, or may actually manufacture many of the components themselves. On balance however, even with the
latest PC designs, local assemblersseemto be
able to offer comparable systems at lower
prices.

hard drive, 24x CD-ROM drive, 16-bit sound, appliance is about to emerge. And it won' t
accelerated graphics with 4 MB of video necessarily be made of last year's PCparts. It
RAM, 56K modem. If you havespeciflc needs, will follow its own path of innovation.
you may find them wanting in one or several areas. However, for doing homework, surfInteresting times ahead,
ing the Web, running any standard business
David Tanaka, Editor

Volume11,No.9,September1998
PNNINIEN
I EIIECOIIIE EO
ITORJ. OavidIlitter, driger@cpon.corn
ASSO
CIATEPOSLSNIENHariSinghKhaisa,harietcp.ca
ASSOCI
ATEOENERALMANANERNIESTJudyPrange,jprangeO cp.ca
SNITON
Oavidyanaka,davidetcp.ca
ASSST
ANTENITONMeganJohnston, meganj@cp.ca
ASSOCI
AlEEOIIONJagEvans
TEST
IANSSeanaarruthers
CONINI8NIWI8NTOII GeotIyheetwright
PNSNO
NONNANAOENSad Pretutsky,sari@cp.ca
PNON
NCTIONRosanneAgneito, JasonEdmunds, Karin Hartwig, JaneKotar.
Ernest
Stetzer
CNICO
IAIIONIANIIN ScottBicker, scotty@tcp.ca
POIINNINO
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TORONTOOFFICE

ggAtlantic Ave.,Suite2gg,Toronto,ONMSKSJS
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ONTAN
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503425CanattSt.,Vancouver,OCV686EI Phone:(Sgej6882QO
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TheOevenishBldg SuiteIgg 90817Ave.SWCalgary Nherta 727tya


Calgary
Oirect,Phone:(ctrl) 228-3355, Fax:(403)228-3456
Aiherta,
Sask., AManitoba:1-80g-e07-3355,Fax:I-800-Sla-t155
AINEIITA
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AlONINPRCENNINAOENJohnGogoi,johng@cp.ca

MONTREAL
OFFICE

tgw60 Notre
gama treattgeskMontreal, Oc,H2Yt79
Phone
:(514)Seg-eyyg,Fax(514)843-3484
ASIIWSINSIONN
CINCOLATIONMeianielarivee, rgskitOtuehecmicro.corn
MONINEA
LAREAOI LS Bitt Low
son,ndtsatesetcpon.corn
PNON
OCTNNPiwreGuay,prodsutuehecmirso.com

OITRIJLOFFICE

3OI-26g
St.Patrick Street Ottawa, ON.K1
N5K5
Phone:(Stg) IRQ31, Fax:(613)7SH4ZI
OITAINA
OFFICEMONSOO
NNethMiller
OITAINA
SNN SuNAOENChrisCole
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IlauFAN
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t OilionAve.,Halifax, NS,SIM3YS

Pheon
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SOOTNIEOTERN
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IITER PAPER INC.CORPORATE OFFICE

LETTERS ttdl
On or ofP

Data should be backed up.


Withall of theseissueshandled, I leaveryty
comptrter(s) on24 hoursa day and find it veyy
days most computers are burned and tested convenient. Some users claim that the reduced
on thepower-supplytransform er(s)actualprior to shipping and so leaving it on 24 strain
I was wondering, is leaving the computer on
for 24 hours a day bad? I heard that now a

hours a day,sevendays aweek, four weeksin

ly increases
system life, Of course, I f rafan fails,

uring an OS, but wants to try Linux, this is a


viable alternative. Some of these suppliers
also provide technical assistance.
Luke Rollins also mentioned, and I quote,
"...he can forget about Linux's 'tech support,'
which consists of a bunch of hackers you

a month, ... is not bad for the computer. Is your CPU could overheat and you could be in have to track down on the Internet." I think
this true? I thought heat is the worst enemy serioustrouble.Som e newer systems have heat Mr. Rollins hasn't seen Linux in the last coufor electronic equipment. Furthermore, the sensorsthat can automatically deal with this, ple of years. Red Hat's Linux distribution pronew Windows 98 software, is it not designed toO.
vides 30 days of email technical support, and
'

-for computers [to] be left on all day? I'm just


curious becausewant
I
to leave mine on (well A pleafor tolerance

if this isn't enough, you can also buy commercial support in either Standard or Gold

the monitor is tumed off, just the CPU is on)

packages for 12 months.

I normally don't like to get involved in OS

since I'm planning on having a digital debates because they tend to point out the
It also comes with a manual, which conanswering machine for voice and faxes.
already well known fact that no one OS is tains step-by-step documentation of how to
Sheila Patel
right for everyone, but I'd just like to dispel set up, and configure a Linux system, plus
G.B. replies:Generally, monitors shotaid be some misinformation I read in Luke Rollins' what to do if things gowrong. I just checked
protected
witha screensaverorsetto TIJm them- letter, "Drop the OS religious content," theS.U.S.E homepage, and they give60 days
selves og with powermanagement. Somerisers jLettersTCPAugust, 1998].
o f i n stallation support a s we l l
setthefr hantdrives to automatically spin down,
For one thing, there are a few places(on (http Jlwww.suso.corn/Customor/suppnrt.html).
again using power manragnaaeyat (this is not

the Internet and otherwise), which will sell

Sure, in order to get this technical sup-

alwayspossibleor recommended.)
you a p re-configured Linux systemport, you give up the "freeware" aspect of
Computer componentsshould be pmtecred (http
Jrttww.varsssarch.corn is one off the top of Linux, but the cost of these distributions is
with a good surge- sand spike-pyrytectiylg (and my head), with Linux residing side-by-side still cheaper than anything offered by
EMI/RFl-resistant) power bar, or with an Mninter- with Windows 95/98. For the user who does- Microsoft, and you always have a choice as to
nrptible powersupply.
n't want the hassle of installing and conflgConfinlaed onpage $

gg AttanticAvesuite Itgt. Toronto, ONMSKSJS


Phone:
(416)588-1580,Fax:(etg) 58tt-8574
PNSSISENT
J. Davidthlter,drittw@tcpon.corn
ENITON
IALOINECTONGraemeSennetkgraemeOcpsu
CONIRO
IENLindaLovegrove,linda tovegrove@cpon.corn
IIET ACC
OONMANAOSNBill Young

CIRCOL
ATION

TohrlNaNonal Ctmmlnson dOS,ISEI

Oltlnga OIINIIA EOIIION


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E-ECOL
tltersOcp.caeditoriaisacp.cactassifieds@cp.ca

SilascIPTIONO
7o have
t2 issuesof TheComputer Paper maileddirectlyto yourhomejtnCamrda),
sendscheque.forSIg.ts toSuitePIO-99 Atlantic Ave., 7ororito, OraanoMIKSJS.
American
suhscriptions pleasesendSys inUSFunds. OvemeaspleasesendS135
Canadian(tirstctass).
TheConrputarthrrar is puhtishedmonthfyhyCanadaComprderPapertnc.Nirights
reservml
Aeproductianin wholeor inpart withoutIhepermissionotthepublisheris
shiraty prohihited. The opinions expressed in articles are not
necessuilyIhoseot Ihepuhisher. tnformalon presentedhereis compiled Irom

somces
hetievedlo heaccurate,however.Smpublisherassumesnoresponsibifity far
errorsoromissions.

The publisherreserves Iheright to refuseads ot a sexm


d or violent nature,
oradswhichmayhedeemedloperpetuatesexualorracialstereotypes. SpeciTicatiy,

adsreferringtoAdult SoftwareorX-ratedsothmrewil kerefused.Thepublisher


reserves
therighttohethelinetjudgeofwhatis constderedappropriate.Foracopyol
our tuiangry
i pleaseconkusyoursalesrepresentative.

CanadiaP
nuhticationMail,
SalesProductAgreemenlPtktyNI
Print ed in Cana
daISSNt1SS-3454
Member
oltheSOADivisionotOOAS.

gg LETTERSgoal

SEPTEMBER1998 THE COMPUTER PAPER GREATERTORONTO EDITION www.tcp.ca

Continued frownpage 6

ty, and doubt) spread by Microsoft zealots,

Ious; it is obviously a statement made to make

The situation Mr. Rollins described, where people feel good and saysWow,I'm a hacker!"
whether to pay for Linux, and get technical
support, or download it free off the Internet,
and set it up yourself with the help of the
aforementioned "hackers" (buying a good
book has never hurt anyone either).
I honestly don't feei that Linux is a viable
alternative for everyone, but for people out
there who are contemplating trying Linux
out, I'd like them to be able to base their decision on facts rather than FUD (fear, uncertain-

I write code for a living, even try and find

someone installing Linux wipes out their hard

drive, is a good example of FUD.

security breaches in common software for fun,

Gord Peters, via email

Knew your terminology


Regarding Jacqueline Emigh's article "Know
your enemy" [TCP August, 1998J, some of the
terminology used in the article is incorrect.
Wyly Wade's comment about hackers being
anyone who writes program code is ridicu-

but I wouldn't even dream of calling myself a


hacker. The term "hacker" implies a great deaf
of skill and dedication to finding and fixing
flaws, The send user who scripts Microsoft
Word macrose is doing nothing to h elp
expand the security of computer software.
The term efracker s should be spelled
ephracker.s Nowhere have I ever seen it

s ln an artispelled with an sfs in placeof "ph.


cle about "hacking," at least try and use the

spelling of the hacker subculture.


AdditionaBy, I must point out another
error in Mr, Wade's comments. He states that
"the earliest crackers ... desire[dJ to help build
better products." This is a definition of a true
hacker. The term "cracker"was coined by
hackers who didn't want the clean image of
the hacker to be tarnished by the illegal breaking into of networks,
H e also mentions that "many of t h e
newest breed of crackers are kids who are
unaware of cracking's roots." Calling such kids
"crackers" would be a compliment that is
undeserved: many of the "newest breed of
crackers" are simply "script kiddies." Such
script kiddies merely take other people' s
exploit scripts and programs, and then run
them blindly hoping it will work they don' t
understand how to do the exploit themselves.
Finally, the article mentioned that DoS
(Denial of Service) attacks are a form of cracking. At the beginning of the article, you stated
that crackers are individuals who break into
networks. Since a DoS does not involve breaking into a network, this is a glaring contradiction.
For those readers who would like to know
about the new security holes being found
every day and how to protect their systems
from them, they could check out one of the
following sites:
Fyodor's Exploit World:
http//www.insecure.org/sploits.html
Rootsheil: http: //www.rootsheil.corn/
CERT Coordination Center. http: //www.cert.org/

Andrew Martens
Vou say phraMng, I say phreaking
Teko (phone) hacking has been around a long
time...and it is not refered to as "fracking,s but
"phreaking.e
As an ex-hacker/cracker/phreaker, I do
agree that the original motivation of freedom

of information has been replaced by greed,


elitism, and mischief. I attribute that to the
Internet. Before, we had to live and breathe

"the scene," work on 2400 baud modems,

Pentium ll with a 56K modem, and do a

Now any kid can sit in front of his [or her]

with terminals, Commodore Vic-20s, learn


electronics a-la Radio Shack, network through
local bulletin boards, midnight meetings at
dumpsters, etc., etc. You had to work for it.

Hackers and phreakers will never go away,


r

the Internet just made it easier to get in.


Lucho Zuniga

e r
s

sot I I

~s
e

search for hackz, crackz, warez, etc.... and all


of asudden he's[she's]a hacker?Idon'tthink

e I e

Your PC is in the mail


I'm considering on getting a new computer.
All the prices seem to be cheaper if I order
them [by mail]. My dad is a little worried that

mail orders aren't "safe." How can I convince


"

es

Mall order revisited

him that mail-orders are "safe"?


Bailey Ling
GB replies: Mail ordersaren't safe, unless the
cornpan) has a good reputation. Dell and
Gateway, for exrunple, are /nail-order companies
with goodreputations. Dell is a safe bet.

I wrote earlier about how safe mail orders are


and Graeme [Bennett] replied that mail orders
weren't safe unless they were bought from a
company who has a good reputation. My

question is [does] Ultinet have a good reputation?


Continued on page $4

THE COMPUTERPAPER GREATERTORONTO EDITION www.tcp.ca SEPTEMBER 1998

Mitsuhlshl unveils new Diamond Scan


monitors + Continuing its drive to expand
beyond its niche as a maker of high-quality,
high-priced monitors, Mitsubishi Electric
Sales Canada, Inc. has released four new monitors in its lower-cost line, plus its first 19-inch
monitor. All five are designed and priced for

Several of the messages apparently aHege


Philip executives committed criminal activities. Other missives reportedly express concern about the safety of a person who reveals
the firm's activities, both papers said.
Philip's stock price has come under pressure after the disclosure that it apparently hid

the small business and consumer market.

unauthorized trading losses in its copper divi-

The 15-inch (13.8-inch viewable area)


Diamond Scan ISVX offers a maximum resolution of 1,280x1,024 at 60 Hz, and a dot
pitch of .28 mm, with a suggested retail price

sion. Philips officials say the company plans

to sue a copper trader or traders who are be held liable for what they say.
blamed for the losses. The company took a
series of writedowns as a result of the losses, Technology Enterprises releases V2K
and faces several shareholder lawsuits in the assessment, planning software
wake of the revelations.
Mississauga-based Technology Enterprises,
The decision could mean the end of priva- inc. has r eleased Year 2000 Readiness
cy and secrecy on the internet for Canadians, Assessment Guide and Planner, a software
the Post said, because people who used
package that offers interactive tools for underanonymity in posting their opinions can now

of $369,The 15-inch Diamond Scan 50 has


1,280x768 resolution at 65 Hz, or 1,024x768
at 86 Hz, and meets TCO 95 standards, for a

suggested price of $399.


The 17-inch (16-inch viewable area)
Diamond Scan 70 and 70M have 1,280x1,024
resolution at 85 Hz. The Diamond Scan 70
sells for $629, while for $20 more, the 70M
adds a built-in headphone jack, and two 3W,
The new Diamond Scan90e,the 19-inch

W e' l l

r e s p e c t

Lj o o r

s p a c e

BiamondSean98e
(18-inch viewable area) monitor, offers up to
1,600xl,200 resolution at 75 Hz, with an ultra
fine .25mm dot pitch, for a suggested price of
$1,099. It is also available with a USBboard,
for an additional cost.
All Mitsubishi monitors come with a
three-year parts and labor warranty. /E
Contact: Mitsubishi Tel: 905-475-7958
http://www.mitsubishi-display.corn

Syncronys UpgradeAIO 9'8 promises


easy transition ~ CULVER CITY, Calif.

(NB)
Syncronys Softcorp has announced
UpgradeAID 98, a package that uses the firm's
SmartFI(es System (SI:S) technology to give
Windows 95 users "one-button" switching
between Windows 95 to Windows 98, letting

them use both platforms until they become


adept with Windows 98 and choose to remove
Windows 95 from their systems. The PC utility is being sold at retail stores for US$19.95 or
can be downloaded from the firm's Web site.
Contact: Syncronys http: //www.syncronys.corn
Hrm wins right t o

o b t ai n m essage

posters' names ~HAMILTON, Ont. (NB)Philip Services Co., one of North America' s
largest scrap meta) companies, has won a
court battle that will see it acquiring the
names and addresses of people who posted

The new HP OFFiceJet 635 respects the fact that your oFFice is also your home.

it tastefuiiy integrates Four essential office machines into one. So inconspicuous,

,g be able to
you'(I never feel it's intruding, Yet so professional, you'l1

s> @si
create documents with vibrant colour and crisp text, scan in

negative comments about the company to a


Yahoo message board, according to two news-

colour directly to your PC, plus send and receive Faxes. So easy to

papers.
The Fiacial Postand The Globe ad Mail
reported that an O ntario judge ordered
Internet service providers (ISPs) America
Online, 5tar and Weslink Datalink to give
Philips the names, addresses, email addresses

and phone numbers oF people who posted


messages about the company from April
through June of 1998.

use, you'ii Feei right at home. Aii for just $699.' For more details
visit www.hp.corn or a store near you.

h~ H~ W LSTT
K~P3
~ SsACKARO

SEPTEMBER
1998 THE COMPUTER PAPER GREATERTORONTO EDITION www.tcp.ca

st. c

size of the problem,"


- that their Year 2000 package is a guide, onot a
He says, "Companies can still be able to silver bullet or total solution.
make it past 2000 with their systems intact
The package has a suggested list price of
provided that they take action within the next $69.95, and runs on any PC from an 80386SX
six months. Tasks need to be identified, with 4 MB of RAM, IBM EGA graphics, and
today are prepared. The Year 2000 is large and . resources assigned and progress monitored. Windows 3.1, or higher. It comes with both a
complicated, and easy solutions are not readi- Our guide provides an efficient roadmap and CD-ROM version (for Windows 96 and
Windows 3.1x), and a 3.5-inch diskette verly available. Our software helps any size orga- planning tool towards a solution."
nization understand its risk, exposure, and
Technology Enterprises specifically states sion (for Windows 3.1 and Windows 3,11,
standing the Year 2000 (YZK) problem, viewing possible solutions, and testing PC system
readiness for Year 2000.
According to Technology Enterprises president Allen Nybida, "Very few organizations

though it will work, "less efficiently," on


Windows 95). JE
Contact: Technology Enterprises, Tel: 800-238-3130
http: //www.techent.corn
Email: target@downtown.pathcom.corn

Biometrics at the gates in 33 California


prisons SUNNYVALE, Calif. (NB) The
State of California has ordered $1.3 million

worth of Identix TouchLock ll single-finger

'

identification readers with Bio Sentinel networking software, to be installed in all 33 state
prisons over the next year. Once in place, the
software can monitor authorized personnel
and visitors as they go in and out of restricted
areas. If people logged into a prisoner area do

not come back out when expected, the system


will raise analert.

flulge llietworh inspector management


suite wins kudos Fluke Electronics has
long been recognized in the PC industry for its

excellent handheld network diagnostic


devices, but it has ~ecently been gaining
industry attention and praise for its new Fluke

Network inspector suite of network management and troubleshootimg software. Winner


of a "best product" award at the recent PC
Expo and Web.X show in New York the new
suite of network management software is
aimed at the small- to medium-networking
market.

th'
%&usa ac.

-;s

,' Iwrall m

phone csgs to family


snd friendst~ n n t

pl

'I

According to Fluke, "this new offering

Send, receive snd btxssdcsst


Internet o-midi
a Lstmch your web browser

fr tggt f)85 I'lc

OI Ctsmtntstitpto ~

actwrsrt-2888

FI thi f ~

ness to analyze and correct many network


failures in minutes, rather than hours or days.
A free 30-day trial version of Fluke
Network inspectorsuite is available for download from the Fluke Web site. A full working
version for on e console and 100 node
licences,
costs $995. /E
Contact: Fluke Electronics Tel: 905-890-6866
http: //www.fluke,corn/nettools

x Sends recetve sntl

brosdcssl faxes
Fax bock snd
Fsx-on-Dcmsnd
Customize cover pages
Mini-BBS cspsbglties
c

CsllAnswer Wizard
Fully festinzd voice msil
Refrlt.'vc slcsssgcs
remotely

xi

delivers core network managefnent functionality, including the ability to actively monitor
TCP/IP, IPX and NetBIOS servers, clients;
switches, routers and printers." Fluke claims
the suite allows small- to medium-size busi-

Varnaha says WaveForce 'l92 XC sound


card 'groundhreaklng' Yamaha'Canada
Music has launched the WaveForce 192XG
audio card, which it says is "designed for the

Record phone
cs

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Continued on pagel2

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also attend. In addition, you' ll get a helpful, easy to read, 132-page step-by-step
manual to get you started on the Internet.
Use it as a great reference tool - it's yours

modem, our digital equipment, triple T3


connection, and fiber optic l ines will
ensure thatyou get the fastest speeds
available.

for free.

Back that up with our 24-hour monitoring

faster or simpler way to get online.


Our friendly and helpful staff are available 7 days a week,364 days per year to

help you get online.


It doesn'tstop there. We offer free new
user seminars for every member. And if

"no questions asked" 14-day money


back guarantee. Two weeks to figure out

what you'd like to do. Take the challenge

andcall nowl

and daily backups, and you' ve got the


fastest most reliable provider in Ontario.

No Susy Sllnals

"I'm so confident that

you' ll be absolutely

Let's face it: no Internet service provider

Tons oI hue Nlell

(ISP) can offer you a 100% busy signal


free service 365 days a year. We understand that exceptional circumstances do
arise from time to time. A t I n t ernet
Direct, we guarantee a service that is99%
busy signal free and continually strive to
push that higher. In fact, we have over .

We love to give away free stnfP. The


software you receive is a collection of 100
of the. latest, most popular Internet pro-

grams. Our manual is helpful and infor.mative, with step-by-step instructions.

6,000 digital phone lines that have You get one of Toronto's friendliest and
ensureda 99.6% busy signalfree service largest tech support teams, live, 7 days a
over thelast6 months. Our r'ecord speaks week. You can share your 4 free e-mail
for itself.
addresses with your family, and create
your own 12 meg web site. And our free
Usenet servers are rated no. 1 in Ontario

IncreIIISIO SP d
When we started out in 1993, we designed
our service with one goal in mind: getting
people on the Internet the easiest way possible. We' ve helped tens of thousands of
people get on the Internet. O u r easy
starter kit features a simple point and click
interface. In fact, it's so easy to use that
we have licensed it to over 50 Internet
companies around the world. There is no

service provider, we set ourselves apart


with a long tradition of putting service
first. Internet Direct still maintains its

by Freenix (an independent rating group).

No other provider in southern Ontario is


faster than Internet Direct. Period. We
connect to more backbone carriers than
any other ISP in the city. And we connect
to them with three T3 pipes. What does
that mean to you? It means that when you
go to a site on the Internet, you get to it
quicker because you' re on the fastest route
possible. It's like having your own private
lane on the 401.

All this, and you never have to worry


about a set-up fee on your unlimited
access or 100-hour accounts. That's right,
free set-up. Something else that sets us
apart from other providers.

satisfied with our service


that if you' re not happy
with usby the end of one
month, I'
llrefund your
loonie. Your satisfaction is
guaranteed. Make your
hard earned dollar go

further with this risk-Pee


offer: one month of
unlimited Internet access
for only a dollar t"

John A. Nemanic
President, Internet Direct

EmaiL neman
ic@i direct.corn

Ous Ouarantee:

Internet Direct is one of Canada's fastestg rowing companies (Profit 1 00, 7 t h


Our recent connection to the Toronto fastest-growing Canadian company), and
Internet Exchange (www.torix.net) gets a w inner o f
t h e E C C T e c hnology
you to local sites even faster - something Company of th e Year, A s C a nada's
the telephone companies don't do.
longest-running independent Internet

EWlERhfET
';+DIRE T

nm

PIP IllOIIUI

-'A DIIIerent Kind of Internet Company

CALL TOOA% t<><1


233-1164

pSh

(9Q5) 438 4Q46

HamiltOn (905) 525-0111

sales@idlrect.corn
Sigil 'Qp ollllllo I' t

.idire ct.corn

lj@

SEPTEMBER
1998 THE COMPUTER PAPER GREATERTORONTO EDITION www.tcp.ca

Continued from page 10

192XG, Yamaha bundles a CD-ROM along


with the audio card, featuring trial versions of
the noisy Final Fantasy VII and Demon Star

as those of a professional studio."


A ccording to Y amaha, each o f t h e

Pentium 233 MHz or better is required. The


retail price of $149. JE

dren's Internet access.


KidDesk Internet Safe can block access to

games.
Contact: Yamaha,Tel: 416-298-1311
WaveForce 192XG's hardware and software
The 192XG is designed to be fully compat- http: //www.yamaha.ca
synthesizers has 2 MB of WAV ROM, with 676
instruments and 21 drum kits, as well as the
option to download sounds of the user's own
choice. To show off the pizazz potential of the

released RidDesk Internet Safe, a program

WaveForce 192XG audio card has a suggested designed to give parents control of the chilinappropriate sites, prevent disclosure of per-

ible with PCI bus-equipped PCs running


Windows 95, 98 and NT. A minimum of a Edmark intros Iudiyesk Internet Safe
Pentium 133 MHz processor is needed; for fufl for family surfing Edmark, an IBM softexploitation of t h e S-VA Synthesizer, a ware subsidiary in Redmond, Wash., has

sonalinformation such as addresses and credit info, control which files and programs are
launched or viewed, limit the amount of
Internet log-on time, and offer monthly subscription to approved, "kid-friendly" sites.
An intuitive, easy interface can be cus-

tomized, and offers a special Web browser


suitable for children, as well as fun Windows
desktop displays and accessory tools such as

voicemail that are simple for children to use.


According to Donna Stanger, Edmark's
general manager, "The Internet can offer won-

My Internet connection is too slow!

derful learning experience. Unfortunately, it


can also expose children to inappropriate con-

I don't want to buy


another Modem.

tent. KidDesk Internet Safe gives parents a


positive, quick and easy way to control computer and Internet safety, and gives children a

secure kid-friendly piace to learn and play."


KidDesk runs on Windows PCs, and has an

approximate selling price of $42.JE


Contact: Edmark 800-320-8379
http: //www.edmark.corn

Your wish is granted!


A 56K V.90 Modem!! For ree

Apple shows continuing strength


Giving a convincing indication of its long
hoped for turnaround, Cupertino Calif.-based
A pple Computer announced a profit of
US$101 million for the fiscal 1998 third quarter ended June 26. This compares to a profit of
$55 million in th e previous quarter, and
comes after a two year period that saw losses
totaling over 1.8 billion. Revenues for this latest quarter were $1.4 billion, less than half of
Apple's peak quarter, but steady compared to
the last quarter's.

Call (905) 947 801


A

According to Apple chief executive Steven


Jobs, "Apple had a terrific quarter we sold a
record number of Power Macintosh G3 computers, customers love our new PowerBooks,
Apple earned its highest profit in years, and
we ended the quarter with the lowest inventory level among the major PC players,
Looking forward, Apple's improved operational efficiency has paved the way for us to

State of the art 3com/US Robotics Equipment


No busy signal policy.
Line Ratio 7:1
Support for new ITU V.90 Standard

An Internet Service Provider with a difference

I
I
I

I
I

0 $lll:Moemlnstallatinn:

, Upon sign up for the Internet service with Cybemet for '
one year and get a 56K bps Modem

I Upon sign up for the Internet service with Cybemet for

I computer for.Free p/alue Of 429.00 )

for Free' (Value of $100.00 )

I
I

Limited Quantity
Not valid with any other specialPromocedem346

m a

Cybernet Communications Inc.

m a

~ Some restrictionsmay apply call for detail

strategyfor a real, long-term recovery.Jobs


and his unlamented predecessor, Gil Amelio,

have pretty much completed the surgery


required to cut Apple's costs. Staff has been
slashed, inventory is under control, and the

20 Amber St . Suite 207 Markham Ont. L3R SP4


Ph: (905) 947 1801 Fax: (905) 947 1802
www.cybmet.net / e-mail sales@cybmet.net

I
a

'

Limited time offer


Not va l id with any other special,PromocodemI346

20 Amber St . Suite 207 Markham Ont. L3R SP4


Ph: (905) 947 1801 Fax: (905) 947 1802
www.cybrnelnet / e-mail salescybmet.net

Cybernet Communications Inc.

I e

one year, we will install your modem and set-up your

aggressively re-enter the consumer market


with the iMac on Aug. 15."
The. reference to the iMac and "re-entering" the consumer market are key to Apple's

company is now about as lean and mean as

possible. The next stage will be to move


beyond the market of the Mac-owning faith-

ful, who have kept the company afloat by


buying new Macs every few years, and find
new customers, particularly first-time comput-

Continued on pagel6

At Interlog Internet Services, we only need to advertise to one out of five


people. That's because over 80% of our customers have joined Interlog based
on a positive referral from a friend or relative already enjoying our
reliable service and excellent support. If you' re looking for the best ISP
in town, don't take our word for it. Take our customers'.

1075 Bay St., Toronto, ON, M55 2Bl

(416) 920-2655 ext 4200


See our customer comments online at
www.interlog.corn/testimonial. html

I'or Home or Back to School,


, II'.C Has The. Solution ~
Intel Celeron processor 266 MHz

IntelCeleron processor300 MHz

64 MB SDRAN/20X/2.6 GB
OI64 MB SDRAM
0 2.6 GB Hard Drive
20X (msx.) CD-ROM Drive
0 4 MB AGP Video Graphics Cmd
0 Zoltrix 56k PCI Modem
0 lateyatcd 3D Sound Pm
0 Zoltrix 120 Watt smplified speakers
0 Micmsofi Windows 98 w/ CD
0 hficrosofi Nsnual keyboard Bite
Zohrix mouse
Moninu not tnriadcd

64 NB SDRAN/15" /32X/3N GB
0 64 MB SDRAM
0 32 GB Hard Drivc
0 32X (max.) CD-ROM Drive
0 4 MB AGP Video Graphics
Gml

Ifiglg

Includes 15" monitor

0 Zoltm 56k PCI Modem


: Microsofi Home Essentials (Works 4.5,
Word 97s, Money 6.0, Encsrts 98
& (ireetings Workshop)
0 Integrated 3D Souml Pro
0 Zoltrix 120 Watt amplified spaabm
0 Microsoft Windows 98 w/ CD

ce~ler K
P14CRS$01

cgy~n ROCE4$01

'

e.

'I

.... $200
3 350
Psnssanie PD/CD (650 MS b
ackup)mvritsble drive & media .- $99

S 150

8 150
Panasenie PD/CD (650 MS backup) rewritabis drive & media $99

'll

Intel Pentium II processor 333 MHz

Intel Pentium@ II processor 400 MHz

64 MB SDRAM/15" /4Z DVD/ 6.4 GB

64 NB 100 MHz SDRAN/4X DVD/6.4 GB

64 MB SDRAM/15" /4X DVD/6.4 GB

0 64 MB SDRAM
0 6A GB Hud Drive
0 Toshibs 4X (msx.) DVD-ROM Drive
0 8 MB SGRAM AGP Video Gtsphics Card
with the Intel i740 chip

jll

'

I/pgrade ta 17" meniter ..


.. $150
Add a 2ad Inteky Penfiumd) II prscemor 300 Mnx
. 8 399
Paaasanic PD/CD (650 MB backup) rewritable drive & media . $99

p0ntluino
m o as

Dual processor ready!


100 hoursFREEinternet access!

Dual processor ready!


100 hours FREEinternet access/

~ Zoltrix TV Tuner Cardwith Video Capture


and Video Conferencing
capability
0 Zoltrix 56k PCI Modem

0n

0 Zoltrlx 56k PCI Modem


0 lnicyatwl 3D Scend Pro
0 Zolnix 120 Watt amplifie speakets
0 Micmsoft Wmdows 98 w/ CD
0 Microsofi Nsnusl Keyboard Bite
0 Microsoft mouse
0 ATX mid tower case

pentlutn'

0 Zolnix mauve
0 ATX mid tower esse

0 64 MB PC100 SDRAM
0 6.4 GB Hard Drive
0 Toshibs 4X (max.) DVD-ROM Driv
0 8 MB SGRAM AGP Video Gmphics Card
with the intel i740 chip

0 Zoltrix TV Tuner Card with Video


Capture and Video Conferencing
capability
0 Includes 15" monitor

Includes 15" monitor


0IZoltrix 36k PCI Modem
0 lntegmicd 3D SoundPro
0 Zoltrix 120 Wsu smpfified speakers
0 hficrcsofi Wmdows
98 w/ CD
0 Mimssofi Nsuaal KeyboardElite

Upgradeta 17vmonitor

0 64 MB SDRAM
0 6.4 GB Hard Drive
Toshiba 4X (msx.) DVD-ROM Drive
0 8 MB SGRAM AGP Video Gtapbics Csnl
with the intel i740 chip

~ I

Pansmaie PD/CD (650 MB backup) rewritsble drive & media. 8 99

IntelC@Pentium II processor 300 MHz

pent(urn
g

100 hoursFREE internetaccess!

Upgrade to 17o tnnn((or.

Arid a 17" moaitar

1' Includes 15" monitor


CZolmx 56k PCI Modem
MicrosoA Home Essentials (Works 4.5,
Word 97a, Money 6.0, Encarta 98
& Greetings Workshop)

100 hours FREE internet access!

Add a 15" menltor

6 4 NB SDRAN/ 1 5 n /32X/4.3 GB
0 64 hlB SDRAM
0 4.3 GB Hard Wive
C32X (msx.) CD-ROM Drive
0 4 MS AGP Video GmpbicsCard

GIlnteystcd 3D Seund Pro


0 Zoltrix 120 Watt amplified speakers
0 Microsoft Wmdows98 w/ CD
0 Microsoft Nanual KeyboardElite
0 Zoltrix mouse

I Toshihs 104 Windows keyboard


0 Zoltrix mouse

100 hours FREEinternet access!

Intel Pentium II processor 266 MHz

'I

Upgrade tn 17" menlter

l So

0 Crystal Wavetsble audio on bcmd


0 Zoluix 120 Watt wnplificd speakers
0 Mictosofi Wmdows98 w/CD
0 Microsofi Natural Keyboard Bite
0 Microsefi mouse
0 ATX mid tower case
Monitor not inrindcd
100

rntlum4

r ec4 o

hoursFREE internet access!


intel SK440-BX 100 NIHS Bss motherboard

.. . . . . $150
Add a 2nd intel() Pentiumy H prommer 333 MHx
.... $499
Panasanle PD/CD (650 MS hackop) rewrltablc drive & media ... $99
Adds Toshlbs eslsnr cmsera
$99

The IPC Direct


Satisfaction Guarantee

Add a 15" monitsr -0 200


Add s 17" monitor ........
. . ..... .
$350
Panssaalc PD/CD (650 MS backup) rcwritehle drive &media,. 8 99
Add a Tosblhs
colour earners ..
. $99
.

. .

The IPC Direct


Advantage

If you are not completely satisfied with the personal


computer you purchase from IPC Direct, simply return it within

Canadian built quality


Toll Free nationwide tech support
3 Year warranty with 1st year on-site service

30 days for a FULL refund. Some restrictions apply, please


ask your representative for details.

Nationwide presence

0 0

PERSO
NAL

Notebook Madness!
16 MB EDO RAM
2.0 GB removable hard drive
20X (msx.) built in CD-ROM drive
Micmsoft Wiadows98

$1777 ,.',,..
$55 per month

COMP
UTERS
IPC-CP-9981

Home 0 see or Small Businesses,


IP
Ha
s
The
Solution.l
A Canadian company proudly serving Canadian Business since 1985!
ll

Intel Pentium II processor 266 MHz

Intel Pentium II processor 333MHz

Intel Pentium II processor 300 MHz

84 MB SDRAM / 15o/32X/6s4 GB

84 NB SDRAM I 15w/32X/6.4 GB

84 MB SDRAN / 15"/32X/3.2 GB

0 64 MB SDRAM
0 6.4 GB Hard Drive
0 32X (max.) CD-ROM Drive

64 MB SDRAM

i1 64 MB SDRAM
0 3.2 GB Hard Drive

- 6.4 GB Hard Drive


0 32X (msx.) CD-ROM Drive
8 MB SGRAM AGP Video Graphics Card
with the inrei i740 chip

0 32X (max.) CD-ROM Drive


0 4 MB AGP Video Graphics Card

0 Includes 15" monitor

0 8 MB SGRAM AGP Video Graphics Card

0 Zohix 56k PCI Modem OR 10/100 crhcmct adapter

L Includes 15"monitor

0 Includes Microsofi Office 97,


Small BusinessEdirinn

0 Zohix 56k PCI Modem OR 10/100 ethernet adapter

jll ge

0 Includes Microsofi Office 97,

0 Integrated 3D Sound Pro


0 Zohrix 120 Wan amplified speakers
0 Microsoft Windows 98 w/ CD

pentium'I

0 Microsoft Nanuai Keyboard Bite'


Microsofi mouse

0 integrated 3D Sound Pro


0 Zohrix 120 Watt amplified speakers
0 Micmsofi Windows 98 w/ CD
0 Microsoft Natural Keyboard Elite
0 Microsoft mouse

pentlum

Internet Service
Provider

messages
0 appointments
0 meeting schedule
0 marketing database
0-mail

0 advertising
0 mailing lists
0 inventorymanagement
0 reporting

0 contactmanagement
0 price fir availability
0 invoicing
receivable analysis
0 payableg scheduling
0 Snacialstatements
0 proposals
customer service
internet access

Y2E Compliopgt

Upgrade io 17" monnor .

. $150
Add a Panasonic PD/CD (650 MB backup) rewrnable drive tti media ... $99

Intel Pentium II processor 300 MHz

Intel Pentium processor with MMX technology233 MHz

126 MB SDRAN/ 15w/20X/6.4 GB

32 MB EDO RANI 15w/2.0 GB

0 300 MHz single processor


0 Dual pmcessorready
0 128 MB SDRAM
0 6.4 GB Hard Drive
0 I A4 MB floppy drive
0 20X (msx.) CD-ROM Drive

ill

EiIncludes 15" monitor

e /Isf)f)d'

lj

0 4 MB video

g4p
to s
r

pentlum

0 integrated 3D Sound Pro


0 Zokrix 120 Watt smpfified speakers
0 Microsofi Windows 98 w/ CD
13Micmsofi Natural Keyboard Elite
0 Micmsofi mouse

. $150
Upgrade io 17w
monnor.
Add a Paaasonic PD/CD (650 MB backup) rewriiable drive & media ... $99

Central
Faxing

II includes MicrosoA
Ofiice 97,
Small BusinessEdinon

Y2E Coppgpiiapdi

. $150
Upgrade to 17mmonitor
Add a Panasonic PD/CD (650 MB backup) rewrlrable drive dt media ... $99

i i includes 15" monitor


0 Zolrix 56k pCI Modem OR 10/100 erhernct adapter

Sinall BusinessEdition

Y2K Complifspgt

wiib the label i740 chip


0 Zokrix TV Tuner Gml whh
Video Gtpuae
snd VideoConferencingcspalhy

0
0
0
0
0
0

Intel 10/1 00 network adapter card


Zohrix 56k Fax Data Modem
Keyboard
Microsoft mouse
Mid-rower case
Micmsofi Office 97,
Small BusinessEdhicn

)e

pentlumI

OI233 MHz processor


GI32 MB EDO RAM
0 2.0 GB Hard Drive
0 1A4 MB fioppy drive
0 NE2000 network adapter

Ij Includes 15" monitor


0 Keyboard rk mouse
OISlim Line desktop case
0 Microsofi Windows 98 with CD

pentlum'

IPC Small Business Turnkey Network Solution

0 MicrosoA Backoffice Small Business Server


with 5 licenses
- MicrosoA Windows NT Server 4.0
Internet Information Server
MicrosoA FroniPage 97
Microsoft Outlook 97

Package Price

What's included
1 IPC Backoltice Server with 15m monitor
2 IPC CS Workstations with 15m monitor
1 Eight port Hub
3 Network Cables

Micmsolt SQL Server 6.5


MicrosoA Pr'oxy Server
MicrosofiFax Server
MicrosoA Exchange Server
Small BusinessServer Console

5899

**

or $1$01month OAC

Add additional CS workstations for only $699 (monitor extra) to a maximumof 25.
a'installation not included

Take a Look at IPC Leasing

Why buy an IPC Turnkey Solution?


A complete hardware 8r, software solution for small businesses with 25 or less
PC's. IPC will assit you in setting up your network, regardless of what stage you
are in. Our trained consultants will spend the time to get to know you ... and your
company's needs, both now and in the future. IPC is ISO 9002 certified, and has
been serving the Canadian market since 1905. With 9 locations across Canada to
serve your needs, nationwide toll free technical support, 3 year parts k, labour
warranty (with 1st year on-site) and an exclusive 30 day money back guarantee
(server not included) ... the IPC Direct Satisfaction Guarantee.

Leasing is tax deductible for business pmposes! So, why pay more taxes? Lease
your new personal computer today through IPC Direct, people you can trust!

All IPC systems are Year 2000 (Y2E) Compliant and qualify for

Federal Government Tax Relief Incentive progranss.


Ask your representative todayl

ea

ca

peso Nai
cOMPU
t|

Sysmms
aust bcmaimtmcdoa tice ronaieve bn synma snsnly bmmfrm,Atl syslmnscmac itb o duc yew ymts a labourwaneaty wllb In year santa service. a airnsotbsnviscr armue
d (yiesseassyour p nlalive fmmmedcmib), i st yeareasite amyan bccvsdsblats aii moonendoniy eovcmCpus. Pisem nrar te Ibc
oi pa dereliam maasl dmeofla vane Tebpmcm
esarml supyenbans mcSmatdaadaylo pmisy pm nbr to y ddptd cecumSlssdad VmmCoaiidanam e cab/em
wsnarty cmdiaclwad wbbpmr system
for specidcdents nanna yom wmmsy
covmcs . Tmimiestsuppon forscarc aml opmsma symesu mcforspened
cmade, sndamsra is manemdta spews bssIbaa ysbsps, aodceeneedw cess may my.Inta, dm bnm~ iaa eml tmmum me
to cbsade
wbbmamace, andpiece amyvmyu a amiesmoose. nuypina cbmacssadsppbcsbls losesmema odudsdmpdmssimwa. sinppias is dos btmbbmm
ON. Oaa lo car e madmieas in
nauwed lmdemmlm
aed soda ma cclcnm mcImdmnmbcof lac bast cenmmlioa Ipc mul dmuc logo mama'aloud redcmabs of io bemocomtmlsm ayuemsmcysot beemmly assbmea.

IPC-CP-9982

SEPTEMBER
1998 THE COMPUTER PAPER GREATERTORONTO EDITION www.tcp.ca

Continjje 1fronj page l2

er market in 1999. JE
Contact: Apple Computer www.apple.corn/

divisions, and selects current arts news, interviews, features and events listings.to enliven
er buyers.
the online service.
The iMac,designed and marketed as an CBC launches online arts and culture
According to CBC president Perrin Beatty,
affordable home and classroom computer for magazine Th e C BC has launched the "InfoCulture builds on and strengthens our
the Internet age, wit h a s p ecial Apple English language version of its new Web-based partnerships with Canada's cultural commuAdvantage in usability and enhancing creative arts and culture magazine, InfoCulture. The nity. It demonstrates how the CBC is embracapplications, is the first shot in Apple's cam- site draws on the vast stream of arts and cul- ing new media to serve Canadians in new and
paign to become amajor force in the comput- ture content from CBC's radio and television innovative ways." The French language ver-

sion of I n f oCulture was l aunched last


December.JE

1nJOsfrEULTUBE
Thursday ter a tte

Da Yiaei'e bridle
Le naallybebuds
... 500 yeas Lier

Ceaiedesatjea
Cetatte ie
sbtaaUBS dtaea

@ em
ri tttttet

IHV'".=RL'

~
-l i e
c tt ttetttarelnettttt
r
~
dt
e A

tretease

caettttta

NKN% Ihe srrt eel bgheaydeyaeau a


yrmaag a,laats omaBmnta eatwlte EusLeaaL~
4tttttel tr baal llauaaa alai

Contact: Infoculture http: //www.infoculture.cbc.ca


http: //www.radio-canada.ca/Infoculture (French)

Lexmark targets business market with

$%au

I' ve been told that I


require high-speed access.
What are my choices7
"High-speed access" covers a number of options for business use
Interlog offers dedicated-line speeds ranging from 28.8 to 256 Kbps,
various Dial-on-Demand solutions, ADSL, Fractional, Burstable and
Full Tl speeds, and server co-location. New services are being made
available all the time. Simply describe your needs to us, and we will
supply you with effective and efficient tools for online enterprise.

Qfcf&gj"-.;.,~P"-';hav@-'.~~.:speclft -=.

.,@owledgejourt I~s:re'qulres-t ''

:,~.'-+~~~ r " ~ + ~ :
:-.~mlle'.::yOiir;eihne::eAOitg".:peauS":.
;

'

ja frtsttei,'u, t::,nte'rfe.j)re Bttptertejjc "

5qrjt a/raLe;,::car
te ,cause,,XP' ayrutq;:;Segj,,:

. j, qyii 8g,.- 0@,;cptcrPme

"

www.interlog.corn
(416) 920-2655, ext. 2000
1075 Bay St., Toronto, ON M5S 2B1

new network color printers Lexmark


Canada has rolled out three new color printers
for the corporate market, the Optra Color
1200, Optra Colpr 45, and Optra Color 40.
The 1200 is a high-end, large-format professional color LED 4 in-line CMYK printer,
with 1,200 dots per inch (dpi) resolution, 12
page per minute (ppm) printing speed (in
both color or monochrome), and tabloid-size
paper capacity. Its fast speed is enabled by a
200 MHz RISC processor, and the printer
comes standard with PostScript Level 2, and
PCL Sc. The 1200, available in August, has a
suggested price of $9,450.
The Optra Color 45 is a n etworkable
tabloid-size color inkjet printer, with 1,200
dpi image quality, 8 ppm (4 ppm color) print
speeds, PostScript Level 2. It has a suggested
price of $1,395.
The Optra Color 40 is letter-size, 1,200 dpi
quality, 8 ppm (4 ppm) PostScript Level 2 networkable printer for $695.
With these new color printers, Lexmark is
targetting home users, home offices, small
offices and larger corporate users. JE
Contact:
LexmarkTel:800-539-6275
http: //www.Iexmark-canada.corn

Apple brings streaming Chinese video


to QuickTlme HONG KONG (NB) Apple

Computer has released simplified and traditional Chinese versions of its QuickTime multimedia program. QuickTime 3.0 allows users
to capture, edit, and playback a wide variety of
digital video and audio content.
The latest version of QuickTime advances
its video and audio capabilities by including
new compression technologies, virtual reality
integration, and support for over 150 video
effects and 200 MIDI-compatible sounds and
instruments.
In total, QuickTime 3.0 can play back over
30 different audio and video file formats and
offers real-time streaming of digital content
over the Internet, allowing Web surfers to
view QuickTime movies from any Web server,
without long download delays. Quickrime 3
Pro adds full screen video, video and audio

editing, and data compression for streaming


delivery from any Web server.
QuickTime 3.0 can be downloaded free of

charge from Apple's Web sites. QuickTime Pro


can also be downloaded from the English site
for US$29.99.
0Contact: English version (Mac/Windows)
http: //www.apple.corn/quicktlme
Continued on page76

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T ECHNOI.OCV I N

SEPTEMBER1998 THE COMPUTER PAPER GREATERTORONTO EDITION www.tcp,ca

EDVCATION

igh-technology and knowledge-inten-

sive industries have led job creation in


Ontario in the last decade according to
the provincial government. Two-thirds of net
job creation has come from these sectors,
although they account for only 39 percent of
employment in Ontario.
British Columbia also has a very
large high-tech industry. In fact, the
B.C.
Te c h nology Indu s try
Association (BCTIA) says the tech-

Choosing a college
or university
Campus Finder '99'
From: Royal Bank/Edge Interactive Publishing
http: //www.royaibank.corn
For: Windows/Mac
Price: Free at Royal Bankbranches

nology industry in B.C. is bigger School Finder


than forestry! For a province covered in evergreensthat's saying a
lot. TK/1/rofoly Ifkfnsff les Di
BC: A 1 9 97 Report Cnrd
states, 'We are dealing with
an industry that, at the end
of 1997, is estimated to
employ 57,000 people in
severalthousand companies
earning over $7.5 billion
in revenue." The report
also says the number of
direct employees exceeds
"every other sector in B.C.,
including forestry." Similar
statistics c a n be
advanced for most

useful when lump sum scholarships or bursuries arrive at the beginning of the year. Find

this at http: //www.royalbank.corn.


Edge Interactive Publishing, the developer

of Campus Finder '99, also publishes more


d etailed p roducts, School F i nder a n d
Scholarship Finder, which are designed for

school counseling services. Check to see if


your child's school subscribes to this service.
The information is an extension of Campus
Finder. School Finder also contains content
and listings on community coBeges as well as

From: Edge Interactive Publishing


Tel: 4f 6-494-3343, http: //www.schoolflnder.corn
For; Windows/Mac
Price: $300

career colleges and institutes. The information

Scholarship Finder

goes begging simply because students do not

From: Edge interactive Publishing


Tei: 41 6-494-3343 http: //www.schoolfinder.corn
For: Windows/Mac
Price: $300 (Includes 1-year subscription to
http://wwwscholarshipcanada.corn)

is printable, an advantage over Campus


Finder, which does not have this feature.
More scholarships are listed in Scholarship
Finder also from Edge. Some of this money
realize it is available. This searchable database
with 50,000 listings can be a gold mine.
Alternatively, students may subscribe from
home to Edge's scholarship Web site at

http: //www.scholarshipscanada.corn ($25 for 10


searches). Schools that buy School Finder also
receive a subscription to this Web site.

Edge also publishes a handful of CDs on


individual colleges and universities such as Carleton,
Bishop's
a nd
St .

Lawrence College.

regions in Canada.
But t o
a c cess
these jobs, kids must
first drill and sift
and chop their way to
university or college,

By Jean Allen-Ilreson

mud and water to get oil,


you have to sift through

sand and silt to get gold,


you have to chop and
hack through stone to

get diamonds
so why
do so many people feel
that the treasure of ideas
should come to them
with little or no effort P"
SMney J. Harris

gf Rcles

where getting accepted into high-demand


areas of study like computer science or electrical engineering can be a feat in itself. It is
quite a change for teens used to shuffling off
to high school because they have to, to being

told "you need to work like a trojan, expand

'lt'ou have to drill though

Courses and

your horizons and market yourself" to get into


the college or university program of choice.

Calculus I 4r II
Two CD-ROMs

English
Six CD-ROMscovering vocabulary, writing and composition, Latin for English, and public speaking

o
r'

INathematlcs
Six CD-ROMscovering pre-algebra. algebra I & II,

The cost of a university education is rising

geometry, trigonometry,calculus I
High School

each year, and $12,000 annually for tuition,


room and board, books, fees, transportation

Six CD-ROMscovering algebra, vocabulary, term

and a bit of spending money is not out of

papers, world affairs, environmentalscience

sight for parents or students to invest. Given

Calculus I Br II,

this potentially onerous burden, doing a bit of

ijlfferential Equations, Statistics

preparation can be a sound investment.


Since getting into university or college for

Four CD-ROMs

The annual Mncfenff's Guide to Crrnadinn


most parents of high school-age students was Valversities, now in its seventh year, is probanot the challenge that it is today, they will bly the best known consumer guide for selectfind computers and the Internet offer more ing a Canadian school. The information is
than just a little help in what can be an over- also a v a ilable on
t he WEB at
whelming task for both parents and kids.
http;//www.macieans.ca/pipeline/unimag/excel.html.
But first let me reveal some battle scars: my In addition to ratings, it provides a list of
oldest son and I stumbled through this addresses, phone numbers and Web sites for

process in the past year. In the end, with a both colleges and universities. Detailed Inforcombination of hard work and luck, he got
the university and program of his choice.
However, in hindsight, we should have started much earlier.
And when I say "we," I should also include
his teachers and his student services counselor. Perhaps the school guidance counselor

mation may bedownloaded.


US News /k f4/orld Report does a similar
guide for schools in the U.S, and is online at

httpJ/www.usnews.corn/usnews/edu/home.htm.
If you do not have Internet access, you

may start your research by asking for the


Campus Finder '99 CD-ROM, which is free

is a good place to start, even as early as Grade through any Royal Bank branch. It includes
10 and especially if your teen has some idea of
what career or field of study he or she would

like to pursue.
There are two distinct hurdles to achieving

data about most Canadian universities, some


with interactive tours, but most with useful
information. The best feature is a searchable
database for scholarships. Simply type in the

From: Sofsnurce
httpy/www.sofsource.corn
For: Windows 3.f nr better

Street prices:$29; $49; or $89(depending onsize)


IIigh School Advantage, Oeluxe
Four CD-ROMs
covering biology, chemistry, physics,
trigonometry, caicufus, world history, literature, vocab-

ulary andtyping
Math Advantage,Deluxe
Covers algebra, trigonometry, geometry, calculus and
statistics
From: Encore Software
http: //www.encoresoftware.corn
For, Windows 95
Current prices: $49.95 (new pricing in August)

Higher Score guaranteed


on the SAT, PSAT, gr ACT '99

Higher ScoreGuaranteed on the SAT,


PSAT, lr ACT Deluxe Edition '99

successful university or college admission. The province, the area of study and any special From: Cendant/Kaplan
first is to put together the best possible out- features.
Tel: 800-757-7707
come for the high school years including

The 147 interactive tours give kids a taste

courses taken, grades, work or volunteer expe- of what universities and colleges are like. The
rience, activities and awards. The second is
choosing two or three schools that match the

For: Windows/Mac

List price: $59(avaiiabie August/September)

new version will be launched at the 1998

Metro University Information Fair held in Inside the SATPSAT,


student's credentials and aspirations. Reaching Toronto in September. Royal Bank also pro- gk ACf 'gg Deluxe
goals will be a lot easier if kids have a dearer, vides, as a free service, budget software The princeton Review: College Prep
more concrete idea of where they are going designed specifically for students to help them From: TheLearning Co./The Princeton Review
and what they must achieve to get there.
manage money. This may prove especially

Continued enpage21

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TORONTO EDITION www.tcp.ca SEPTEMBER 1998

Staging the Jump


Continued f'ron/ page 18
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more general but cover a broader range of topics. This can be an advantage for students
studying for SAT or ACT college entrance tests,
required by nearly all American universities.
Many Canadian universities will also look
favorably on a high score on these exams; so
it is worthwhile sending the results in if the
student takes the tests anyway. Tests sites are
available in many cities in Canada. Apply
through your high school.
There are also specific tutorials for SAT and
ACT. These are important because American

TECHNOLOGV IN EDUCATION

high schoolers are much more likely to take


numerous standardized, multiple-choice tests
during their school career. Essay exams or
written answers are the norm in Canada, however. So knowing strategies for writing multiple choiceexams and boning up on vocabu-

Qg

These include the barebones Higher Score


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lary and analogies (a tricky strategy if you are Magazine'sGuide to over 1,600 colleges and
not used them) can improve scores by five to
20 percent with 10 to 20 hours of practice.
Cendant Software has teamed up with
Kaplan to introduce tutorials for these exams

called. the Kaplan Test Preparation Series.

universities, an i n t eractive study skills


improvement program and a comprehensive
financial aid and scholarship finder. Of course
these are applicable only to American schools.
Continuedon page 2S

Once the choice of schools is narrowed down,


students can structure their last couple of
years of high school to m atch entrance
requirements. It is heartbreaking to see kids
who decide they want to be engineers find
that without calculus, they don't have a
chance of being accepted. This is why parents,
teens and counselors-need to coordinate their
efforts.

Using Yahoo (http: //www,yahoo.ca) to find


university Web sites is a good place to start.
Most schools have extensive sites with information on student days, who to contact and
how get get there. Student days give kids a
taste of what university is like and, hopefully,
a chance to ask questions and meet with
admissions and department representatives. It
helps make the unknown, known and can
help motivate students experiencing the
Grade 11 slump. Web pages often have details
about admission or programs that student

counselors may not have, especially requirements for out-of-province schools.


By contacting the admissions department
of each university or college via email, you
can find out the cut-off marks for entrance
and what courses are required for a particular
major. Some provinces, such as Ontario, cen.tralize university application and publish a
manual w it h t h i s in f o rmation i n it

(http://www.ouac.on.ca).
CD-ROM tutorials may be used to improve
marks and add extra preparation for contests.
My own son taught himself calculus and used
Sofsource's Calculus I Er II program for a quick
o verview this spring to p repare for t h e
University of Waterloo's Descartes Contest in
mathematics. It improved his mark by about
20 percent. His only regret is that he had not

run through the company's trigonometry


tutorial to brush up on the previous year' s
math.

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THE COMPUTERPAPER GREATERTORONTO EDITION www,tcp.ca SEPTEMBER 1998

Staging the jump


Co/r tinued frompage 21

T ECHNOLOC Y I N

EDUCATION

Sports for the mind


?

Ron Scoins, assistant dean of the Faculty of


Both versions include personalized study Mathematics (home of computer science} at
plans, strategies and practice tests. The best the University of Waterloo, in Ontario, likes
feature is the analysis of test taking skills by to stress that there is no substitute for indimath/verbal, question type, topic and tech- vidual effort in students. The same can be said
nique. So it might show that your algebra for parenting. And one way of stimulating
skills are good but geometry needs improve- this individual effort is through competitions;
Scoins sees academic competitions in
ment or that critical reading skills are excelmathematics
and computer science as a way
lent but analogies are weak. Therefore, with
this data you can develop an effective training of "teaching students individual responsibilischedule. The interactive study skills improve- ty. There is no substitute for individual effort.
ment program would be useful for most stu- The bottom line is to challenge yourself." He
dents. It aims to improve reading speed and is a fervid advocate for challenging students
comprehension, critical thinking, more effec- to excellence.
"In music, dance and sports, if kids have
tive note taking and communication skills.
The Learning Co. and The Princeton talent, then they expect to practice and spend
Review publish a competitive product called many more hours practicing a week. Those
Inside the SAT, PSAT Er ACT '99, which was with talent get more practice. The same
just released. (PSAT is the practice or pre-SAT should be true for academics. Those who are
test taken in Grade 10 or 11.) Like the other talented should be getting more practice. But
test software, this disc includes profiles of typically the better kids do homework in class
more than 1,600 colleges and universities and rather than doing practice at home. These
a 288-page book called Paying for College kids need enrichment."
Scoins practices what he preaches by headWithont Going 8roke. While only dealing with
t he Can a dian M a t hematics
U.S. colleges, it is a good primer on U.S. finan- ing u p
cial aid for those considering studying there Competition (http: //math.uwaterloo.ca), which
and the chapter,"How to Pick Colleges" is now attracts 225,000 middle and senior
generalenough to be useful to Canadians.The school students annually. The competition is
search engine for colleges is rather detailed p art of T h e C e ntre fo r E ducation i n
with 24 options. A Remind-0-Rama reminds Mathematics an d C o m puting a t the
University of Waterloo. Students write these
applicants of critical admission deadlines.
The tutorials for SAT, PSAT Sr ACT create a contests at their own school. Enriching teens
customized study plan and will evaluate is a joint effort of teachers, parents and prostrengths and weaknesses with ten full-length grams such as the one Scoins runs.
Where teachers do not have the time or
tests and hundreds of practice drills. Also
included are video sequences of Princeton resources to organize and operate math clubs,
Review instructors teaching test-taking strate- contests become a way students can work at
problems that they have not seen before and
gies.
A companion product from The Learning sharpen their problem solving skills. Scoins'
Co. And The Princeton lteview called. The group publishes six sets of problem books and
Princeton Review: College Prep contains six solutions from past contests. A new series of
CD-ROMs covering algebra, trigonometry, test books present more dialogue on "how to"
preparation and vocabulary for the SAT, a entitled Problems and How toSolve Them, Vol. 1
multilingual (French, English, Spanish and 6r 2 for students in Grade 9 and up. Details are
German) dictionary and a reference collection listed at the University of Waterloo Web site.
Next year, success in the Descartes Contest
that contains ten searchable volumes of encyclopedias, dictionary/thesaurus, a writer' s (for students in their last year of high school)
handbook, atlas, home medical guide, world will be a requirement for application to mathe matics and c omputer science at t h e
history and more.
There are also a number of CD-ROMs that University of Waterloo. Students can order the
are straight teaching resources heavily spiced Math Preparation Manna/ for Post Secondary
with video presentations on a wide range of Stiidies to boost their performance on the
topics. These can be useful to stimulate inter- Descartes test. Scoins hopes it will fill the gap
est and enrich a home-schooling curriculum for students who do not have a math club
or a less-than-inspiring. school curriculum. available.
Waterloo has also run a programming conSometimes parents need to ste'p in and take
responsibility for enriching their children' s test for three years, the Canadian Computing
academic interests,
Competition (http;//math.uwaterloo.ca:80/-ceo/).
Clearvue and Zane produce a catalogue Professors Barry Ferguson, Jo Ebergen and Ian
of 200 such programs on a wide range of top- Monro along with two high scbool teachers,
tcs, Clearvue also produces teacher versions Richard Clausi and Jim Bowman, and corpoavailable with or without lab packs. Each rate help f rom Sybase (then Watcom),
CD-ROM set contains an encyclopedia, dic- launched the first contest with 670 particitionary, glossary, indexes and quizzes. Zane pants. Some 1,553 students wrote the contest
p ublishes the consumer version of t h e this year.
T he top scorers were invited to t h e
Clearvue products. Zane was established to
"bring the best teacher of every subject to University of Waterloo for stage two and three
every student."
of the contest. Four of the top students are
The company sent me a sample of the also invited to represent Canada overseas at
200 programs: the H i story o f E n glish the International Olympiad for Informatics
. Literature (four discs), Isaac Asimov's Library (IOI).
The focus of the competition was not
of t h e U n i verse ( a s i n gle C D-ROM),
Biochemistry (two discs) and Cell Biology knowledge of computer science, but problem
(two discs). The fare is similar to what is solving involving elements of math theory,

jjlo'mory'/ CPUs.'...'.'.".-4CAU;"'0l":0'ottitol" ''' " ':;-":".

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being used in the better high schools. I was Students this year were required to solve five
introduced to this series by Ralph Richard
who was using the Biochemistry CD-ROMs

problems using any of a number of common

as classroom teaching aids at Woburn

encouraging students to learn the nuts and

Collegiate in Scarborough.

programming languages. The emphasis is on


Continued onpage $$

TECHNO l O CsV I N

SEPTEMBER1998 THE COMPUTER PAPER GREATERTORONTO EDITION www.tcp.ca

E D U C AT,ION

0 ou w anna e a e c i e .
By Rod Lamirand

t's simple. Get into computers and you' ll

make $100,000 a year in no time. Like


most myths, the preceding statement contains a grain of truth.
Sure, there are people employers are willing to pay a king's ransom. "We deal with Gen
Xers who are making six figures in their 20s,"
says Dudley Brown, managing director of

and telephone penetration. The World


Economic Forum ranks Canada as having the

The winding paths to a technical career


(http: //www.hitechcareer.corn), a Canadian hightech recruitment service.
Some of the best places to find specific
details of the shortages of technology workers
are the high-tech industry's trade associations.
Trade associations work on behalf of their

strongest technology potential of the G7.


Canada's phone and Internet charges are
among the lowest in the world. And, lastly, we

The Canadian Advanced Technology

Association (CATA) is another trade organiza- have the highest level of post-secondary
tion representing over 1,000 enterprises.
President John Reid is so concerned about the

school enrollment in the G7.

shortage of skilled employees that under


his leadership CATA (http://www.cata.ca)
BridgeGate LLC, a recruitment firm specializ- members primarily in two ways. They lobby is looking outside Canada to make
governments on behalf of their constituents, up the shortfall: "The
ing in technology.
Yes, it is possible, but the road from here to

and they create a channel through which

The Job tichet(s)


The days of building the new Apple in your

garage or selling an operating system. to IBM


are long gone
at least until the next revo-

goal of visiting

lution. Starting up a. Web design company

their members can exchange information, f o r e i g n

with a few high school buddies had the

route to a successful career in the technology

concerns, and ideas.

makings of the next revolution, but Web

industry?

The Information Technology Association


of Canada (ITAC) is the largest technology

publishing has quickly become a big business populated by big (and rich) com-

there may be long


and steep. So, what is the
Whether it's your son or daughter starting
.college or you looking to retrain, there is no

trade association in the country,

petitors. Still, if you have an

shortage of educational choices. "Please help ITAC members account for 70


m e make sense of all of t h e schools out

there!?" wrote TCP.reader Jason Kincaid


recently. "What will get me further in the long
run, and also in the short run, when I'm out
there looking for a job with $6,0
student debt?"
Like many others, Jason want
know who is hiring. Are there
really jobs out there? How

entrepreneurial bent, you


have your own ideas about

percent of the $54 billion in annual rev-

enues of the

Cgf C
. Cee

indus-

aptitude are not important, only that


they mean little if you can't get your foot in
the door.

kets is to

g1

determine the skill

Technology training is available through

sets available, assess the feasibility of relocation and immigra-.

mail order courses, PhD programs and everything in between. The cost ranges from a cou-

tion and det'ermine the costs of recruiting ple of hundred dollars to over $60,000.

Demand exceeding supply


It seems like every organization,

whether corporation, government

education, plain and simple. Today yoti need a piece


of paper. That is not to say that
personal skills, experience and

io,.

straightforward questions
answers.

If it's a job you' re seek-

ing, however, the ticket is

QC,, -~

can I- get one? What are


they paying? These are
without straightforward

how to make it in the tech


industry.

e~~

try and
'350,000 of its

department or educational institution, is increasing its spending on

technology. A quick look in the news-

candidates."
Even the federal government recognizes

One route follows the formula promised


by higher education in general. Achieve high

the growing importance of the technology. In grades in high school and get into a good uniemployees. ITAC's a speech to the industry Canadian Industry versity. Get a degree in computer science or
board of governors and list of minister John Manley reminded attendees electrical engineering with a focus on comdirectors reads like a who's who of
the Canadian high-tech industry, including

that the government had provided an additional $260 million over three years to

"Right now Canada needs 50,000 high-

Canada, Motorola Canada, Lucent, Hewlett-

and CANARIE (Canadian Network for the

Another option is to attend a college and

tech workers each year," proclaimed a CBC Packard, Nortel, Microsoft Canada and more. Advancement of Research, Industry and
ITAC's research shows that, "knowledge- Education) in its most recent budget. Manley
News feport in March. The repoit went on to

take a certificate program. Certificate pro-

say schools are turning out only about 30,000


qualified candidates. This leaves a gap of
20,000 jobs that industry says it is having
trouble filling. And it's not going to get better:
"We expect the current industry shortfall of
20,000 professionals to increase exponentially
within the next 10 to 15 years," offers Debbie
McGrath, president of The CEO Group Inc.

based industries are growing faster than any


other sector of the Canadian economy." A
research paper entitled Information Tec/rnoloy
and the Impact on Employment, commissioned
by ITAC in 1997, states there is a "gap in the
supply and demand for technical human
resources that is impeding the growth of the
Canada's software sector."

said the government's stated objective is to


make Canada "the most connected nation in
the world by making information and knowledge infrastructure accessible to all Canadians
by the year 2000."
This shouldn't be too difficult as the minister's own speech makes the following points:
Canada leads the G7 in home computer, cable

paper shows jobs going unfilled in pro-

gramming, database specialization and network management.

puters. Follow this with a masters in your area

of study or business management. Upon gradnames like ATRT, Bell, Apple Canada, Xerox SchoolNet, the Community Access Program, uation contact a recruitment company.
grams are usually two years of full-time study.
Like some university programs, they may have
a co-op component where students spends
time at a company in their area of study.

College programs usually comprise a common


first year covering the basics of computer
hardware and software. Then studerits branch
into specialty areas such-as automation and
Continued on page21

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Newl DPS Petesp8en RT Real Time Dual Birnam NLE $8,595 VlswSonle 17" P775 1809X1209 PnP ~ p $ 7$5
DPS Perception Video Recorder PVR-2500 PCI Digital $2,795 VlewSonfc 17 G773 1280X1024 PnP .2$dp $$95
DPS Perception Uuw Video Capture Daughter Card $1,1$5
DPS Edit Bsy NL Video Editing Kit with Softwmed $1,095 Hltaehl 21" 883 Flat Square Tube 22mm dp $2,5$5
COLORGRAPHICPro Ughtning ChagdDisplay PCI $$$5
COLORGRAPHIC Evofutton Quad Display PCI $1,$$5 DPS Spark Plus Fbe-Wire NL Video Editing Ktt w/soft $$$$ ftltschi 21" $92 Plat Stptare Tube .22mm dp $24$5
Hltachi 1$ SupergeanElite 751 ~ d p
$ 1 ,295
COLORGRAPHIC Ttsfn Tuna Dual DisplaywlfV $1,095
MIRO Video DC50 PRO Video Editing Kit w/Component $CALL Hltachi 1$" SupergcanElite 752 22mm dp $1,7$5
Dynamic Plebtrss OXYGEN 492 32MB SDRAM $2,595 MIRO Video DC30 Plus Digital PRO Video Editing Kit $1,2$5
Dynamic Pictures OXYGEN 202 18MB SDRAM $1,295 MIRO Video DV399 Digital Video Capture Fhe-Wire Kit $$$5 PhglpsRat Screen LCD MonltoA45 .28dp $2,895
PhglpsBriganee 21" 1$0DX1200 28mm dp $1,$$5
Dynamic Pictures OXYGEN 182 3D SMB SDRAM $4$5
Trbnrtslen Targe 28$$ 8DX 3D wl Break Out Box $3$,500 PhglpsBrgianee 1$" 1800X1200 4$mm dp $1,39S
ELSA Gieyta-XXL GMX-1000 18MB24MB AGP $2,8$5 Trtnflslon Targe 2000 RTX 3D wl Break Out Box $2$,$95 Phglps Brglsnce17" 1$99X129$ 2$mm dp $$75
ELSA Gloria.XLGlint MX 18 VRAM 24 EDO PCI $2,485 Trtnflslen Targe DV2000 RTX wl Break Out Box $11,995
ELBA Glerfs4lMX Ggnt MX 8 VRAM 1$ EDO PCI $1,5$5 Tyutrlslon Targe 2000 RTX with Break Out Bex $1$,500 Sony 24" Ilultlsean W900 Trlnltron .25dp $4uEM
ELBA Gloria Synsfgy 8MB S-Video In/Out PCI/AGP $350 Truvhtlon Targe 2800 DTX for Win NT with Cable $$,1$5 Sony 21" Multlscan 589PS Tftnltron 25dp $2,150
Trusvtalon Targe 2000 Pro Component Video In/Out $CALL Sony 1$" Multlscan 400PS Trlnltren 25dp $1,3S5
SYMMETRIC GlyderMP40 2XGLINT TX 49MB $2,795 Tyuevtsten Targe 20$0 Compenent Video In/Out $5,IXIS
SYMMETRIC Glydsr MX1$ BUNT 580MX 18MB $1,8$5, Trust/talon Targe 1000 Pro Component Video I/O $3,850
Truetrtsion Targe 1000 with Full Adobe Pmmlsm 44 $2~
SYISIETRIC GLytter Max-2 $4blt SMB SDRAM $358
Newlll Truevision Bravado 2080 wlPremlere 5.0 $1,05$ BE2LOATE Medalist Pro $.169 IDE 7269 RPN gms $699
SEAGATE htedaSat Pro S.gtgg IDE 7969 RP33
sma $339
REAL3D STARFIGHTER 8+1$MB VideoVO, DVD $5$5 Newlll Truetilslon Bravado DV Fire-Wlm Digital Video $7$$
REALSD STARRGHTER 8+1$MB Vldee In/Out$45$
$9AGATE Cheetah 1968 ultmZ/ggtds SCSI 1ms $2,195
Newlll AcamlGraphles GMX 3D 2000 SSMB AGP $3,$95
Newlll AeoglGALAXY 52MB Dual ScreenAGP $3,2$5
Newltl AecefGALAXY 38MB Dual Screen AGP $2,8$5
AccsfECUPSE42 w/158IB 3DRAM+1$MB AGP $2,4S5
AccsfECLIPSE42 w/15MB 3DRAM+18MB PCI $2,2$5
AccefECUPSE4I w/15MB 3DRAM44MB AGP $1,795
AccelECUPSE-20 w/15MB 3DRAM+4MB PCI $1,59$
AeeslPRO MX w/SMBVRAM1$MB DRAM PCI $1,550
AcesLSTAR 8 w/8MB SGRAM OpanGL AGP/PCI $2$5

Nswl MATROX Dlglguge LE Dual Stream 30MB/see RT $7,$$5


MATROX DlglSults Incl. Dlglmbt, Dlglgeft, CAV Cable $$,095
MATROX Dlglgulte IncL Dlglmbt Kit + DISIMogon Klt $14,5$5
MATROX DlglMfx Brsakeut Box Desktop/Raekmount $1,0$5
MATROX DlglMetlon Audio Breakout Box Desk/Reek $1,45$
MATROX Miranda DlglLlnx 12 Digital In/Out Board $4~

SDR

MATROX Genesis Mezssnltm grab Module 32blt $13,5$5


MATROX Gsnesls4,C Frame Grabber 8MB WRAgl $5,4$5
MATROX Corona Frame Grabber RT8MB WRAM $3,895
MATROX Corona4.C Fmme Grabber RT 8IIIB $3,8$5
MATROX Pulsar Frame Grabber RT 4MB WRAM $3,1SS
MATROX Metser4I Frame Grabber NTSC/PAL PCI $1,2$5
MATROX Meteor RGB Frame Grabber NTSC/PAL $1,295
MATROX Meteor
Frame Gmbber RT NTSC/PAL PCI $8$5

I4ITACIII ggPES Cawtera Buwdfe 92466


KODAK DC-216 Digital Camera 8696
OLYMPUS OL<eg DISICgstam 61496

ACFADuoscyut Tzssa xL BAclpc 56.996


AGPA DU08CAI4
Pc - FULL PB S.s Is,lgg

AGPA tyutgscAPI aoU3 IIAO/Pc Is,dss


ACPA STI/glt3$TAR Pc- LE PSHop Syge
AOPA EPHDTo 1gggx1269 1.9ll Plx It,ggg
tfgACOII Afglt 9 12X19 Tablet w/Pas $1,666
gt/ACOIS ARTZ fl 12X12 PoggaoTablet STSS
WACOII ARTZ II SXSPoftgsoTablet Sggg
gt/ACOM Agtlz SXS Po/Nso Tablet $666

af.:
PIONEER DVD4IECORDER SCSI $23,995
PIONEER industrial DVD Player $1,$SS

PIONEER 2.$X SCSI InL DVD4tON $34$


PANASONIC 4X I SX E4DE CIHI $439
PLEXTOR CD4t dataX SCSIINT. SLB

PLExTDR 32xclwtoN scslSIT.Szss

m~.

AatfS P29 4469X Pehautw4f PCIIASP Iggg

Aagm Pztpa 446BX ASIPaetuz SCSI Sdgg

ASUS Pgghtta lNIBX ABPset U2 SCSI gggg


Aaua Pzljty 44SLX Pawguttt4I PCSASP 6166

Asuapzts'Fdt 446LXuw scsl pcl/Agp 63TS


Asus pzLgydls 446LXuw scat suAL gdyg

Aafr 4469X Pansumdl AGP aoaMaau Iggg


SEACATE Cbagtsb SSB utazs2/tgfide SCSI 7.5ms $1uLSS ABIT LXS Pattsurn4I ASP Softtgeau 6176
SEASATE Cheetah 4.98B uftraWlde SCSI 7.$ma $959
SEAGATE gansouda 1608 uftrslgfttte SCSI Sms $1,679 INTEL DK446LX ttiml PaudaeafeLAN Sggg
SEAGATE Bstfacudg 9.1 UftrsZ SCSI Tms TISSR $1,666 INTEL SE446BX Penttumdi 1SSMha 6266
SEAGATE gsrmeuds 4.5 UftmWlds SCSI Sms$749

Antex StudloCard A/V Pro Mul5whannel Audio sr/Box $1,850


Turtle Beach Plnaele Prelect Studio MIDI/Digital SPMF $$95
Turtle BeachMulg Sound Plnacle with Digital I/O SPD/IF $$50
Turtle Beach Mulg Seund FiJi with DigitalI/O Kit SPD/IF $525
Turtle Beach Montage A3D PCI 18bit Stereo Sound Card $15$ MEDEA VldaoRald 17Si 17GB RAID System inL SZ,NLS
NEaEA Vldsegsld DV SgNlrb RAID for FfrsWIm $2.695
BEDE/L Vfdeogstd DV 36 Nlw. RAID forFlrstftffm $1,4$5
Newlll Sonic Foundry Sound Forge 4.0C for Wln$5/98lNT $5$5
New! II Sonic Foundry Sound Forge 4.0XP tor Wlrt95/$8/NT $75 SMART Videegafd tsgfg lggb Speed Disk Array $1,$95
Newlll Sonic Foundry ACID Loop-Based fer Win$5l$8/NT $495 SMART VldaeRsld1788 lggh apaad Disk Array $1,695

.3.06:

258MB PC-100MHZ SDRAM $CALL


128MB PC-100MHZ SDRAM $395
84MB PC-100MHZ BDRAM $225
32MB PC-100MHZ SDRAM $115

o ASUS P2B 100MHZ Pentlum-II Mein Board


o Ultra-DMA 33MB/sec E-IDE PCI Controller
o 9.1GB Seagate Medalist Pro U-ATA Hard Drive
o 9.5ms7,200 RPM 512Kb Cache 33MB/sec
o 128MB SDRAM 100Mhz,1A4 Panasonic Floppy
o MATROX MILLENNIUM 3DG-200 SMB AGP
o 17" Viewsonic GT-775 .25mm 1280X1024
+ PnP N.l. SVGA TCO MRP-il LowRad Monitor
o Creative Sound Biaster PCI-128 Stereo
+ Advanced Wave Table Synthesis, SD Sound
o Panasonic 32X E-IDE CD-ROM 4,800Kb/sec
o Cambridge Sound Works Speakers w/32W SW
o Keytronic Keyboard & Microsoit InteliMouse
o USRobotics 56.6k X2 v.90 Fax/ModemNoice

+ ASUB P2B 100MHZ Pentlum4I Main Board


o Ultra-DMA 33MB/sec E-IDE PCI Controller
o 6.5GB Seagate Medalist Pro U-ATA Hard Drive
o 9.5ms 7,200 RPM 612Kb Cache 33MB/sec
+ 64MB SDRAM 10ns,1A4 Panasonic Floppy
o MATROX MILLENNIUM 3D G200 SMB AGP
o 17s Viewsonic V-73.26mm 1280X1024
+ PnP N.l. SVGA TCO MRP-II Low Radiation
o Sound Blasb.r AWE-64 PnP SD Sound 512k
o AdvancedWave TableSynthesis,SD Sound
o Panasonic 32X E4DE CD-ROM 4,800Kb/sec
o 100 Watts Hi-Fi Powered Stereo Speakers
o 104KWin95 Keyboard and Logitech Mouse

Slicrosolt ONce 97 PRO $175

Coral WordPerl'ect Suite0 $75

As low as $128/mo.

$2,395

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tstemet access

Ilmmil

CONPTON'5 Interactive

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ISilill

s All systems can befully customized, for custom Quote please Fax (416-)665-2233 Email: salessmart-machine.corn
s All systems include 2 Year Parts A 3 Labor Warranty / Life-Time Technical Support

mmi

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MIRO DC50 Plus 5CALL


MIRO DC30 Plus 51,295
MIRO DV300
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ENCORE

Millennium

USROBOTICS COURIER 56K X2 v.90INTERMAL $319


USROBOTICS COURIER 56K XSv.80 EXTERNAL $369
USROBOTICS SPORTSTER SSK VOICE INTERNAL $140
USROBOTICS SPORTSTER 56KVOICE EXTERNAL $279

II
EPSON STYLUS COLOR-3000 17x22 $2,395
EPSOM STYLUS CO L O R-1520 17x22 $1,050
Mewl EPSOM STYLUS COLOR Photo EX $650
Mewl EPSON STYLUS COLOR Photo 700 $37S
EPSOM STYLUS C O L O R -600 1400dpl $268
EPSOM STYLUS C O L O R -400 720dpl $209
CANON BUBLEQET BJC-250 COLOR PRINTER $199
HEWLETT PACKARD LASERQET 6L 6FPN 600 DPI SS28
AGFA SnapScan 300X600 dpi SCSI 30bit $238
AGFA SnapScan 600X1200 dpi SCSI 30blt$495
MICROTEK Scanner X600 600X1200 PRL $275
SCANPORT PAGE-DS-2000 300X600DPI PARALLEL $100

N ENO R Y
SSMB 100MHZ SORAM 665

64MB 100NHZ SDRAN


$128 .
120NB 'IOOMHZSDRAM $259

Ck

DXR-2
PC4VD

489

" ADRENALINE RUSH


SU U B VooDoo

sIIB AGP @185 SMS $275 / 12UIS $360

..".'jl
CREATIVE LABS SOUND BLASTER 120PCI 3D $175
CREATIVE LABS SOUND BLASTER 64PCI 3D $139
CREATIVE LABS SOUND BLASTER AWED GOLD $105
CREATIVE LASS SOUND SLASTER AWE44 OEM $05
CREATIVE LAB8 SOUND BLASTER 16 VALUE PNP $49
DIAMOND MONSTER SOUND MX-2003D PCI PNP $209
DIAMOND MONSTER SOUND MSOSD AUDIO PCI $120
ENSOMIQ AUDIO-PCI3D SOUND Up-to SMS CARO $50
YAMAHA XW60XG PRO MIDIISA SOUND BOARD $250
MEDIA-TRIX SOUND-TRIX 3DXG w/YAMAHA 60XG $290
MAXI SOUND 3D WAVE TABLE SOUND CARD SCALL
ORCHID NUNOUMO WAVE TABLE SOUND CARD $59

CAMBRIDGE SOUNOWORKS wlm SS WATT SUB. $199


CAMBRIDGE SOUNDWORKS with 42WATT SUS. $339

CAMBRIDGE PCWORKS SPEAKERS with SUS. $120

7 Years in 3D Graphics
and Animation Business.
A reputationfor product
reliability and excellence.
50 percentof system sales
are to repeat buyers.
Award Wininii Components.

ExperiencedTechnical Assistance
40,000 Machines Used World Wide
All svssaeme Inolssdes
E VEAAB PARTS a LABOUR IEARRNIITV LI
/ FE-TIME TECHNICAL ELIPPCRT

Finch Ave. West

Smart INachine

CPU

$299

Why Smart Machine '?

ALTEC LANSING ACS400 OOULBY-PRO LOGIC $370


ALTEC LANSING ACS425 PRO.LOGIC WITH SUB. $230
ALYEC LANSING ACS45 SURROUND SOUND BLK $230
ALTEC LANSING ACS40 POWER CUBE WITHSUB. $195
ALTEC LANSING ACS45 POWER CUBE WITHSUB. $119
ALTEC LANSING AHS-10HEADSET SOUND w/ADP. $58
ALTEC LANSING ACS-100SUBWOFFER 40WATT $140

32MB SDRAN 10ns wlaprom $50


64NB SDRAM 10ns w/eprom $118
120MB SDRAN 10ns wl eprom $230

INTEL PENTIUM4I400Mhz $$50


INTEL PENTIUM4I350Mhz $029
INTEL PENTIUM4 333Mhz$470
INTEL PENTIUM4I300Mhz $305
INTEL PENTIUM4 26SMhz$340
AMD K6-2 SD MMXSOO
Mhz $249

.
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Conveniently located two . I


blocks west ofFinch and
"Ql/ALllY ALNAYS IN DEMAND!" D u f f e rin Intersection
1991-1998

Sheppard Ave. O
II

TelI 416.665-4455

5'

28

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At Pathway, w e d o n ' t t a k e s h o r t c u ts. We


don't o f f e r " f r e e " t r i a l accounts, "moneyback" g i m m i cks o r " u n l i m i t e d a c cess" at
i mplausible ra t es. We c h a rge a s e tu p f e e
because there is a cost involved in setting up
your account. And because you' ve paid fo r
our service, we m ake sure you get service,
not busy signals no matter when you call.

It shouldn't surprise you then,


t hat P a t h w a i s t h e o n l
i nter ne t se r v i c e p ro v i d e r
a ~nwhere in th e w o r l d t o b e
c ertif i e d w i t h t h e I S Q 9 0 0 2

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And while we make sure that our customers


get the best value for t h eir mo ney, we also
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we didn't we w o u ldn't be in business.

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FOR YOUR BU5INESS

Hours

per
month

Monthly
fee

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this distinction and we maintain it.

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A t Pathway, our customers depend on u s for their businesses and for t h ei r p e rsonal
relationships. They know that when they dial S o, if you want the cheapest deal in town o r
in, we' ll still be here; that their E-mail address Internet access at cut-th roat r a t es, be p r ewill be the same tomorrow as it is today; that
p ared to look for it again in a month or t w o
when they have a t e chnical problem, wel l- when your provider goes out of b u siness. If
trained, polite staff are always available.
y ou w a n t s e r v ice yo u ca n r e l y o n t o d a y ,
That's why our customers recommend over tomorrow and always, come to Pathway.
70% of ou r n e w c l i e nt s t o u s . We' re very Before you get virtual, get real!
PLAN 1

CORPORATE
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proud of that. We work hard at maintaining


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Is your In t e r ne t Se r v ice Provide r r e a l i st ic


about what it t a kes to g ive you th e service
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Annual

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E-mail, www, telnet and other services included with all plans

Set-up and registration fees apply.

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Join some of Canada's best-known and most prestigious companies who have acquired Internet
services from Pathway Communications. Whether you require dial up access or a dedicated IS DN
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power of the Internet. Our low-cost dial up Corporate Premium Plan 4, for example, off ers your
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With this Plan, you also receive four additional E-mail accounts, space on our fast Sun servers
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Now available in Hamilton and Burlington 905 570-8789


http: //www.pathcom,corn e-mail: infoOpathcom.corn 1 Yonge 5treet, Suite 2205, Toror to, Ontario IVI5E 1E5

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W W W . S CI U N D H LAS T E R . O M

mQ TCIa TEST
I

SEPTEMBER
199B THE COMPUTER PAPERGREATERTORONTO EDITION www,tcp,ca

LABS

NE

n searc o t

SU
One of the catch phrases going around the industry
has been "the sub-$1,000 PC." The big problem for those
of us living on the north side of the Canada/U.S. border
is that the phrase has had an all-too-American spin.

I.
I

15 0.28 69KH

Sy Sean Carruthers

dates this year was about the same as the


highest scores last year.

n the United States, US$1,000 can buy a


fair number of high-quality components

Looking at these gross measures of perfor- software, conffgured to run at a resolution of

mance, one could argue that the sub-$1,000


from which a decently performing PC can PC offers considerable performance, and is a

,-;,NE
I

5KHz

For performance, we tested each of the systems with BAPCo's SysMark32 benchmarking
800x600, with a 16-bit color depth. As with
the systems themselves, performance scores

be made and marketed. But the value of genuine bargain. After all, apart from some were varied,
Canadian currency makes it much tougher to specialized applications and high-end games,
meet the $1,000 target. Given the current the requirements for r u n ning software Hcu VS
exchange rate, that magic sub-US$1,000 fig- haven"t changed dramatically since last year. Street price: $920
ure comes closer to 1,500 of our loonies. So, is And yes, in some circumstances, this would be Pro:
the sub-$1,000 PC a pipe dream in Canada? a reasonable argument.
* low price
Not necessarily.
There is a big "but" to this argument, how- ' great video card

Sharp-eyed readers have probably spotted ever. the risk in buying this kind of system is ' fast processor
that if the compone'nts are not selected care- * K56f lax modem included

17 Damon trae'
0.25 86KHz'

t,t 1ett" t

advertisements in this very publication for


systems under $1,000, A good number of

fully and tested with each other, your PC can

these are from local resellers or small chains,


that create the systems as a "house special."
For example: joe's Computers has an overstock of older components (12x CD-ROM dri-

quickly turn i nto a c u t-rate disaster. cuter casingeasyto remove,for upgrading


Incompatible components can cause slow sys- Coa:
tem performance, error messages, lockups, or
outer casing a bit difficult to get back on
crashes. A $1,000 system isn't much of a deal ' AMD CPU(negat!ve only if you' rean Intel booster)

ves, or older Pentium chips, etc.), and rather


than trying to blow them out individuaffy, the
company realizes an entire system might
make an attractive product for the consumer.

constantly crashes in the middle of creating a


word processing document.

if it routinely fails to run basic software, or

' larger case allows 'for greater expansion of system

' shorter warranty period


At $920, Elco's VB system not only met ont

It's always a good idea to do a bit of

This is precisely the kind of PC that is per- research when considering a purchase of these
casual or new user, People in the computer

"value" systems. What's the system performance like'? How does it handle the applica-

industry (both those who sell the equipment

tions for which you plan to use it? What"s the

fect for a growing portion of the market. the

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challenge, but blew past


it. With a 300 MHz AMD
- I;

and those of us who write about it) have a ten- warranty like on the machine? Is it really
dency to pay the most attention to what' s worth it, or would a higher-priced machine
new and what's hot.
better suit your needs'?
Consequently, people who are looking to
buy their first computer can feel left in the
dust. Whether or not a system has all the
newest toys is mostly irrelevant to them. More
important is having a computer that can run
a set of basic applications such as a word
processor, accounting package or CD-ROMbased reference works. They might also want
to log onto the Internet and

The contenders
With all this in mind, we presented this
month's lab test as a challenge to our usual
gang of suspects: "Can your
company build a

system for

PCs for Students lab test,

we tested so-caBed entrylevel computers. They

formance punch.
Overall, the VB system offers a lot for the
money, and for those interested in upgrading
the system later with more components, there
are lots of slots left open for cards, and a lot of
space for additional fixed and external drives.
Ern$aac Aaura
Street price: $1,055

Pro:
' lots of expansion slots for both cards and RAM
' case design features "sliding" motherboard, for

play a few games.


Seme perspective
Last September, for our

K6 chip onboard, Intel


purists may be wary, but
it certainly packs a per-

u nd e r
$1,000? If not, how
close can you come?" We had no

easier access
' good warranty period
' respectable speed,

prerequisites other than this, and we waited to Con:

' outer case a bit awkward to get on and off


see what the vendors would come up with.
mainly came with 166 MHz Pentium procesOf those we asked to participate, a good ' only 32 MB of RAM included (an extra 32 MB
sors, although some had 133 MHz processors. number politely declined. Those that rose up
would boostsystemperformance)
Hard drive capacities on these machines to meet the challenge offered a variety of sys- ' no modem
ranged from 1.3 GB to 3.2 GB, with most in tems, with both Pentium and Pentium II,
the 2 GB range, The fastest composite Sysmark Cyrix, and AMD processors represented. Some
Although it didn' t
benchmark score was 187, and the slowest opted for the overall system approach, and
q uite m ak e t h e
was 104.
others went more for a higher-performance
$1,000
tar get,
Empac's Azure came
This year, all of the candidates had hard bare-bones system with upgrade potential. In

drives of 2 GB or greater, and most used sixth other words, for your 1,000 bucks you can get

fairly close; .With

generation processors, from Intel, Cyrix or

the only Pentium

a minimally equipped machine with a CPU

AMD, Benchmark scores ranged from 115 to that smokes, or you can get a machine that
308, although the 115 was a bit of an anom- won't have the fastest processor, but does
aly since most scored closer to 200. In other

have other amenities a modem for exam-

words, the typical benchmark score for candi- ple that you might consider important.

processor in this
roundup, the Azure
unit is nevertheless

Corr tinued on page34

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Con:

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The Ambra Ispirati


432E is one of IBM's
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Q I I ~~ ~ ~
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Pro:

in at $1,499, that
includes a 15-inch
monitor and software bundle (which
brings it closer to the target, since a monitor
alone would add a few hundred dollars to any
of the other systems).
The performance on this machine was
quite slow compared to the others tested this
month, but the Ispirati 432E does come with
a lot of goodies hardware and software. For
those looking for a good overall system for the

i" ~
@~fb

Mynix's entry in
this month's chal. lenge no t o n l y
beats the ta r get
price, but it does it
with a good mix of

components, and
a fast processor. The sub-$1,000 Mycomp is a
speedy machine, with a 300 MHz K6-2 with
1,024 KB of cache. Add the mix of components,including a modem, and you have an
amazing machine that is great for both the
novice user and someone who wants a powerful budget machine with loads of room to

expand.
STD CompuPartner
Street price: $1.048
Pro:
* full Pentium II processor means great performance
' mini tower case still has room for more expansion
cards
great components

Css:
the package comes ' does not hit price point

Sony 100ES .25 15"


Sony 200ES .25 17"
Acer 78C .26 17"
Acer 79G .25 17"

$199
$235
$365
$475

desktop space
* good warranty period
Cgs:
' horizo
ntalcase may take up T00 much desk space,
if monitor not placed on top
' AMD chip not to everyone's taste (but it's fast!)

Suggested retail price: $1,499 (includes monitor)

OtmHvm ST IS~)

IBM Ambra Isplratl 432E

Intel 440LX Main Board


Intel Pent)urn II 255mmxCPU
32meg SDRAMMemory
S3 30 Virge 4m Video Card
Mid Tower ATX Case

Heat tnk/Fan

a good solid machine with room for expansion. The sliding motherboard tray is a handy
feature for potential tinkerers. For those who
would rather use the machine as is, it turns in
decent performance, but people who want to
hook into the Net will have to provide their
own modem.

slim

Conti/Itregf f'to/It page32

* despite size, includes modem, joystick port, sound,


andbothcomp and S-Video jacks
' lots of software included, including Lotus
Smar(Suite
*
monitor included
Cgn:
* system performance is sluggish. with ng cacheand
only2 MB video memory
* little to no room for expansion cards
shorter warranty

Panasonic 32x CDROIN Drive


Creative Labs Sound Blaster 16
120 Watt Multimedia Speaker System
2x16550 Ser. Ports,1 Enhanced LPT
Port, 1 Qarre Port
Free Microsoft Comp. Mouse w/Pad
Windows 98 w/Disks 8 INanuals

I S" SVGA .28 Digital Monitor Included

In search of the sub-O'I,OOO (Cdn) PC

' nomodem
* /t ot quite as much room to expand as someother

systems
STD has consistently provided solid
s ystems fo r o u r

tests,

and the

CompuPartner submitted this month


is no e x ception.
Although basic, it is
a solid, reliable system with great components. Even more amazing is the fact that the system has a street
price just over $1,000 with the Pentium II
processor onboard. The big sacrifice with this
system is the modem, which means Internet
surfers will have to bring their own modem
along or purchase a new orle. For those who
want great performance without a lot of frills,
this one is the way to go.

Supercom Avado

Street price: $989


Pro:
* good selection oi components
. under $1,000
At $999, the tNet
' while not blazingly fast, handled benchmarking with
:-~ machine met oer
fairly good scores
price target, and * room for a bit ol expansion
e
~~ ~ com e s with a good * includes speakers
mix of components Css:
and turns in a fairly
' only 32 MB ol RAM (another 32 MB would increase
good
be n c hmark
system performance)
score. Unfortunately, ' 2 GB hard drive a little bit on the small side
the Celeron chip per- ' AMD CPU, if you're an Intel lan
forms a lot slower than the more upscale Difierent:
Pentium II would have, but it does manage to * the video is built right onto the motherboard with
keep the price down. Overall, a good system
this system, and video memory is taken from sysfor the money, and great as an Internet starter
tem memory, adjustable on the BIOSfrom I MB
machine.
through 4 MB
266 MHz Celeron CPU
(and its lack oi cache) make
performance a bit slower than a 233MHzPentium

Mynix Illycomp Prima

Distributed by Supercom, the Avado system


also beat our target price by a bit, while
maintaining a good mix o f c omponents.
' fast processor
Although the setup with the video memory is
' lots of room for expansion, including a full 5 PCI
a bit different and the overall system speed is
slots, and lots of room for additional RAM
about medium, the Avado offers reasonable
* horizontal case allows monitor on top, saving some
Continued on page36

Street price: $995


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T CP T E S T l A BS

SEPTEMBER1998 THE COMPUTER PAPER GREATER TORONTO EDITION

In search ef the snh-$'l,000 (Cdn) pC


Cnnriniied from page94
performance with a
g ood selection o f
c omponents an d
some room to grow.
W ith a mode m
onboard, it's a great

starter kit for someone looking to get

ontotheinternet.
Ultlnet

www.tcp.ca

tainly contributed to pushing this system


quite a bit past the price target.
To be fair, we need to put this machine's
performance in proper perspective with the
rest of the machines. With the extra $2DO
breathing room the Ultinet used, most of the

systems in this roundup would perform much


better, whether it went to more RAM, or to a
faster or better processor.
In the end, it's up to you to determine
whether a $1,DOO price point is the important
factor in your purchase, or whether a few hundred dollars more would be worth the investment for the performance boost.

Street price: $1,189


Pro:
Conclssfons
* Peniium II processor provides great performance
That said, I'd like to thank and applaud all of
* larger hard drive, at 4.3 GB
the vendors that participated in this month's
' 8 MB of video memory
challenge. We were aware going in that it
' taster CD-ROMdrive
would not be easy to meet the target price,
* good warranty period
and even those that exceeded the target price
Con:
provided us with a lot of machine for the
*
nearly $200 over the price target
- money.
no modem
It's worth noting that at the time of writing, $1,000 won't even cover the cost of the
Although U l t inet's 400 MHz Pentium ll chip by itself. That so
entry didn't meet the many ofthe machines had such good compo$ 1,000 t a rget, i t nents in them is even more impressive. Well
shows what ran be done!
done with just a little
As we said at the beginning, there seem to

P"

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n .~>

be two main philosophies at work here. On

For performance,
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the one hand you' ll find some manufacturers


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modem card would round the system out


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15 Sonics .28NI (1260x1024) wosee $129 R90D
15" AST 5L.28NI (1280x1024) $149 RSOD
15" Rellsys .28NI (1280x1024) $ Igg N3Y
15" KTX .28NI (1280x1024) $199 NSY
16' NEC 4D .28NI (1280x1024) $169 U90D
17"DEC .28NI (1260x1024) $369 R1 Y
1?" Micron.20NI (1280x1024) $349 R1 Y
17 Sohodo/KTX .26NI (1280x1024) $3?9 N3Y
17" KTX.26NI (1600x1280) $4't9 N3Y
17a Viewsonic GS771 .27NI If saon
Ns) $549 N3Y
17" Vtewsonic P776.25NI Issssaf
osol$729 N3Y
19" Dell 1200HS,26NI (1000x1280) $599 R1 Y
20" Hitachi .31 Nl (1600x1280) $569 R1Y
2'I" NEC .28NI (1280x1024) $699 R1Y
21" DEC .25NI (1800x1 280) $899 R1Y

intel
P2 333NIMX
LEASE TO OWN $42lmnth

CONDITION& WARRANTY LEGEND


NsNew Rofemaflufactured Y~ear warranty
D=daywarranty
M=demnU=Used

MODEMS ~

4MB 30pin 70ns Parity $11 N1Y


4MB 72pin 60/70ns no Parity $7 U90D
16MB EDO 72pin 60ns no Parity $ I 9 N1Y
16MB FP 72pin 60ns no Parity $25 N1Y
32MB EDO 72pin 60ns no Parity $49 N1Y
32MB FP 72pin 60ns no Parity $55 N1Y
32MB SDRAM 168pin1ons w/Eprom $55 N1Y
64MB SDRAM 168pin 10ns w/Eprom $129 N1Y
64MB SDRAM 166pinPC-100MHz $159 N1Y

DIGITAL IMAGING

COMPONENTS

"

BRAND NAME P.C.s

Boca 56K pcmcia vpauppraste


aa $99 NSY
USR 56K int. V.90 (win) $129 N1Y
USR 56K int. V.90 (h/w) $179 N1Y
KTX 56K ext. v.ppupsraaaate $89 N'IY
Lucent 56K int. V.90 (win) $59 N1Y
Acer 56K int. V.90 (h/w) $79 N1Y
Motorola 56K int. V.90 (win) $89 N1Y
PC TEL 36K int. (win) $36 N1Y
USR14.4Kint. h/w $19NSY

!:,. ~Lm ".oops

NEC ProServa PH P166 (quadcpuc '


32MB ECC (aapaeaeate
rorppusI I 2.1GB SCSI-W S

526 Watt
power supply/6 hotswaps
Mylex Raid apuansI /100MBps NIC

Compaq deskpro466/264MB I 120

r e

AST desktop 466I6616MB I $40MB' ~

AST desktop 666/133 32NIB I 1GB

OD

NOTEBOOK
COMPUTERS

IBM ThinkPad486l3312I340 Mono$349-ussn


IBM ThinkPad486/3320/340 Iiono $3SS-ussn
IBM ThinkPad48$33 12I540 Mono$3$$ -ussn
EFS grayscale Sheetfeed (parallel) $39 N1Y
Matrox Mistique 2MB PCI $39 N1Y
Logitech colour Sheetfeed (parallel) $69 M1Y
Matrox Millenium 2MB PCI $59 N1Y IBM ThinkPad48$3312/730 Mono$449-usso
Relisye ssoooPIsabaFlatbed (parallel) $89 N1Y
STB 2MB PCI + TV Tuner $49 N1Y
IBM ThinkPad48SI3312I340 DS$4SS-usso
UMAX Digital Camera 2MB (604xs62) $199 N1Y ATI/SIS 2MB 64bit PCI $29 N1Y
IBN ThinkPad486I7512I340 TFT $5$$-usso
Trident/SIS 4MB AGP $49 N1Y
Cyber Eye Video Conf. Camera $89 N1Y
IBM ThinkPad48$75 3$540 TFT $64S-ussn
Genoa I~~m~vppppI4MB AGP $59 N1Y IBM ThinkPad48$7536I1.2g TFT $699-usso
';- j intel i740 SMB AGP $99 N1Y
IBN ThinkPad48$100 40/340 TFT $69$ -usso
PRINTERS
ATI Expert 96 6MB AGP $109 N1Y
IBN ThinkPad48$10040/810 TFT $799-uson
Lexmark 1000 600dpi inkjet $149 N1Y ~
intel VX chipset mainboard $59 N1Y
NEC 2400 P10016I810/noCD/ds$1299-atv
Lexmark 2030 600dpi inkjet $199 M1 Y
intel LX chipset mainboard $139 N1Y
NEC 2400 P1001SI810/4xCD/ds$1399-a1Y
Canon Bjc250 600dpi inkjet $139 Imms.I N1 Y
Asus TX mainboard (at) $139 N1Y
NEC 2430 P13332/1gb/noCD/ds$9$9-asso
Canon Bjc4300 600dpi inkjet $185 Im ~ I N1Y
Asus LX mainboard (atx) $189 N1Y
NEC 2430CDPt33 24/1gb/Sxcd/ds$4599- atv
Canon Bj10 300dpi portable inkjet $79 U90D
Asus BX mainboard (atx) $225 N1Y
Epson 400 600dpi inkjet $219 N1Y
Connor 250MBlasaval TBU $19 U90D NEC 2635 P13316I1.3gb/Sx/ds $1599-alv
Epson 600 1440dpi inkjet $279 N1Y:",.
NEC 4200 Pt00 8/tgb/Sxcd/Active$1399 -atv
iomega 600MBIossvs>
TBU $49 U90D
HP 6L 600dpi laser $509 N1Y
NEC 6000HP10016I1gb/Sxcd/28.8 $14$$-a1Y
iomega 100MBinternal ZIP $99 N1Y
Brother HL-700DX+ 1200dpi laser $439 N1Y

Other New a Refurbished models available...


VIEWSONIC I SONY I MAG I MITSUBISHI I HP

'

C(JS TO/I/I SPECIFICATIONS AVAILABLE

M EM O RY

LEASE TO OWN $25lmnth'

LEASE TO OWN $37lmnth'

'ff
lONITOR EXTRA

LEASE TO OWN $20lmnth

LEASE TO OWN $29lmnth'

CDR 8 ZIP MEDIA


Memorex Blank CD-R (5 pack) $9.99 N5Y
KTX Blank CD-R (1 0 pack) $17.99 NSY
KTX Blank CD-R (box of 100) $165 N5Y
iomega ZIP Disk 100MB $17.99 N1Y

Factor Direct

omputer cutlet
Pricesarealready3%CashDiscounted,andsubject tochange

due tomarketNuctuations. Quantities areLimitedandavai%bleon

afirstcom
efirstservebasis.Government&CorporatePOswelcome.

FM Radio Tuner ISA card $19 N1Y


Andrea Headset $19 N1Y
16 bit ISA s.b. compatible $19 N1Y
Soundblaster Vibra 16 $39 N1Y

NEC 6030xP13332/tgb/121 TFT$1199-asoo


NEC 6200 P166 16/2.1gb/10x/13aTFT $1999-atv

SubWoofer System 660 Watt $79 N1Y

KTX P150mmx
32/1.4/20x/12.tTFT $1499-atv

24x /32x IDE co-Rom $59/$69 N1Y


SX I 32X SCSICO-Rom$99/$159 N1Y

BRAMPTON
267 Queen
St.E. (WestofHWY410j

Tl:(905j796T788 r()

SCARBORO
UGH

1309 Kennedy
Rd.(South. of Ellesmerej

Compaq475cxi 486/7516/810 active$8$9-assn


KTX P166mmx 32/1.4/20X/12.1TFT $169$- N2Y
KTX P100 8/1.3/4x/12.4TFT $999- afv

Targus Notebook/Printer carrycase$79-NtY

TORONTO
290 CollegeSt. (West ofSpadinaj

Tel: (416j962-7788Fax:(416j 962-9691

INTERNET

www.f
actorydirect.ca

Tel: (416)759-7788Fax:(416j759-9691 E Mail:sa/es-@/actorydirect.ca

gQ

T C P TEST LABS

Processor

SEPTEMBER1998 THE COMPUTER PAPER GREATER TORONTO EDITION

Elco

Empac

V8

Azure

AMD K6
300 MHz

Pentium
233 MMX
32 MB
512KB
Asus TX97E
Award
Windows 98

IBIII
L CF Technology
Ambra Ispiraff 432E igel inSpire

Myn i x
Iylycomp Prima

Cyrix MediaGX
233 MHz
32 MB
N/A
ro rieta
Phoenix
Windows 95
w/Active Deskto
2.5 G BUDMA

Ceieron
266 MHz
64 MB
N/A
Tekram
AMI
Windows 98

AMD N6-2
Pentium Ii
AMD K6
300 MHz IB.)'Ir;:u 266 MHz
266 MHz
64 MB
64 MB
32 MB
1 024KB
512KB
512KB
TISVG+
QDI 440EXMicro ATX Asus SP97-V
Award
Award
Award
Windows 95
Windows 95
Windows 98

Perrtiurn II
266 MHz
64 MB
512KB
Crusader i440LX
AMI
Windows 98

Wes tern Digital


Quantum
Western Digital
Caviar 3.2 GB
3.2 GB UDMA
2.0 GB
A T I Xpert I Work Amazing (Intel i740) SiS 5597/5598

Seag ate Medalist


4.3 GB
intel i740 AGP

STD
Com p uPartner

RAM
Cache
Motherboard
BIOS
Operating system

512KB
E ox 586-VIA

Hard drive

3.2 GB UDMA

Yideo card

Quantum Fireball
3.2GB UDMA

Malrox

Graphics
Biaster Exxtreme

Cyrix Xpress

Video RAM

Productive G100
SMB

Quantum Fireball
2.5 GB UDMA
Trident 3D image

4MB

2MB

4MB

4MB

4MB

32x LiteOn
Sound Biaster
Vibra 16
Harmon K56flex

24x Creative Labs


Sound Blaster
Vibra 16
none

2 4 x Tatun
Xp ress
Audio 16-bit
K56flex

24x Creative Labs

3 2 x Mitsumi
BTC-1831

32x Panasonic
OPTI 3D

56K BTC

none

Windows 95

CD-ROMdrive
Sound card
Modem
Extras

www.tcp.ca

S-Video/copm

Soundmag
I e

SoundComm
56K Su raMax

Supe
r corn

Ultinet

Avado

integrated w.motherboard 8 MB
RAM
settable in
BIOS u to 4 MB
32x Mitsumi
36xAo en
DTK Yamaha
Wave32
719 3D
56K USRobotics
none

speakers

video monitor
I

Des kto ublishin


Deskto ra hics

249
463

Word rocessin
S readsheet
Database
S smark32

265
313
284
294

189
344
212
201
210
196
211

Contact Tel
Web contact
Warran arts/labor
Price

905-470-7301

800-863-6722

D eskto rase ntation 2 9 4

www.eicos s.com w ww.em ac.ca


1 / 1e ar
$920

3/3 ars
$1,055

103
197
121
103
1 IS
103
115

190
274
188
196
192
186
195

282
541
294
275
299

800-465-7999
www. c.ibm. corn
1/1 ears
$1 499*

604-303-9628
ww.icf.com
3/3 ears
$999

800-263-7754

262
472
275

299

www.m nix.com
3/3 ears
$995

156
356
183
167

329
296
296

150
173

253
471
333
286
297
297
308

800-463-6783
www.std.net
2/2 ears
$1,048

800449-4567
www.su ercom.ca
2/2 ears
989

800-513-7732
w w w.ultinet.ca
3/5 ears
$1 189

Note: All prices are street prices or estimated street prices unless otherwise noted. 'Suggested retail price.

ILtt(
jr)(

)B )c)) It

1V(GNjtT(O)R DE)P'(O)T

We provide a one-stop warehouse outlet on


new and refurbished computer hardware.
Great discount pricing! Great selection!
Satisfaction guaranteed!
AJF pricesare subjecr ro chance vrirIrour nor/ce.

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Teh (905)475-3322 Fax (905)513-9059 Toll Free: 1-888-M-depot-M
To order online: www.moaitordepot.corn

MOMTORS
Acer
(14") 34E
$179
( 15") 54E $ 2 2 9
( 15") 56C
$ 2 $9
( I~ 76C
$48 9
(17') 76E
$399
( IT) 78C
$4 7 9
(17') 79G
$$49
(19") 99C
$829
(12.1") LCD/S20 $999
(13.3") LCD/F31 $1199

Sufnsun

(15") 500S
(17') 700S

$29$
$499

MOTHERBOARD S

C berpision

ShuInroeif

(14") C40 $119


(15"j CSO $219
(IS"j C52 $239
(IP) C70 $369
(17'j C72 $419
(19") C92 $799

Punusonic
(17'j P70

VieH/SOniC

I
5
(l~ G771 $$29
(17"I G773 $638
(t~ GT775 $765

CD-ROM DRIVES

Aopen/Pen
JTX/APSTC
Aopen/Pen.0/LX/AX6LC
Aopen/Pen. II/BX/AX6B
A-Trend/PerL/I'X/5030
A-Trend/Pen. II/LX/6120

(14") C409 $169


(15") C508 $199
(I+ C706 $3$9

PRINTERS

Quan./SE34300 (4.3GB) $289 Acer/EIDE/624E (24X) $69


H P/670C 6004ppm
S24 9
Quan./ST36400 (6.4GB) $269 Acer/EIDE/632E (32X) $79
H P/692C 600
Sppm
$ 27 5
Quan./SE38400 (8.4GB) $359 Acer/EIDE/636E (36X) $89
H P/722C 600
Sppm
$ 3 99
Quan./EU02500(2.5GB) $179 Panasonic/24X IDE
$74
HP/890CXI 600 9ppm $515
Quan JEL305100(5.1GB) $239 Panasonic/32X IDE
$84
HP/Laser 6L 600 6ppm $588
Quan JEL307600(7.6GB) $359 Acer/CD-RW/620A
- $449 HP/Laser 6P600 Sppm $948
Quan./EL310200/(I02GB) S419 HP/CD-RW/72001
$499 HP/Laser 6MP600 8ppm S1169
Maxtor/90288D(2.8GB) $17$ HP/CD-RW/7200E
$63$ Gmon/BJC-250
360dpi $18$
Mnxtor/90576D(5.7GB) $23$
Canon/BJCA300 720dpi $249
Maxtor/90720D(72GB) $219
SCANNERS
Epson/Stylus 400
$22$
Maxtor/91152D(1 I.SGB) $449
Epson/Stylus 600
$298
Maxtor/90340D(3.4GB) SIILS Acer/3108/310P
$189
Epson/Stylus 800
$488
Mnxtor/90680D(6,8GB) $2$9 Acer/610S/610P
S 1 69/199 Lexmark/I 100
$164
Maxtor/IKI840D(8.4GB) $339
HP/ScanJet
$355
Lexmark/5000
/5700
$278/368
Maxtor/91360D(13.6GB) $499 HP/610K
$9$8

S1 1 8

$119
$159
$239
$99
$139
A-Trend/Pen. H/LX/6130/AT $139
A-Trend/Pen. H/BX/6220
$189
Commate/Pea II/LX
$139
Commate/Pen. Il/BX
$189
Asus/TXP4 TX 5 12K
$135
Asus/IX97L 512K
$158
Asus/F2L97Pen.ll/LX
$188

VIDEO CARDS

Ma

D epo t

MODEMS
Aopen/56K V.90 Int. Voice
GVC/33.6K/Voice/F. IntJExt.
GVC/56K or X2 lnt,/Ext.
GVC/56K/V.90 lnt JExt.
USRSport/56K Ext. F/M/V
USR Sport/56K lnr. F/M/V
Jaton/X2
J aten/V34/33.6K
Jatan/R56K

$79
$59/89
$189/129
$169/189
call
crrll
$69
$49
$69

SOUND CARDS

Matrox/G1004M/AGP/oem
$9$ Sound Blaster 16oem
$39
Matrox/Productive G 1008hd/oem $187 Sound Blaster AWE644500 $79
Matrox/Millenium II 4M AGP $172 Sound Blaster AWE64 Gold $17$
M atrox/Millenium ll SM PCI
ca l l Acer/FX/1 63D+
$29
ATI/Xpert XL AGP 4M
$9$ Acer/A W 300/PCI
$49
ATI/Xpertplay PCI 4M/SM $129/1$9 Acer/A W 35 Pro
$39
ATI/Xperr)
splay AGP 4M/8M $129/179 Acer/A W 37 Pro
$42
Yam aha/PCI
$39

Outmoded or
refurbished
computer products

hard drive
mo)herbosr e)c.) at
~

incredible discount
low price. Come to
aSk aid raSh to
pick yours while
they last! r!

g I dere

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wau

v >tWcaE~

8 qe

Model 12,0

Modd 81 0

12.1" TFT SVGA

1 1.3 re DSTN SVGA

Pentium' MMX 200MHz

Pentium1 50MHz
32MB EDO RAM

Includes

I 369'Vdue

32MB EDO RAM

1.4GB Hard Drive


1 OxCD ROM
Windows 95

16MB RAM
(Total S2MB)
Targus Canyfng Ca
Lotus Smartsulte
tSpeoial oNer only
applies to model 810
Produds shown may
differ from illustration

I
t

1.7GB Hard Drive

24x CD ROM

Windows 9S/98

t
We provide excellent Repair is Upgrade services

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ie

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s 95

I I

ee

t
t
L

notebook
memoryupgradeto 16MB..............,.S89
32MB
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33.6KFax/Modem PCMCIA Card ...,......,...,,S99
56KFax/Modem PCMCIA Card ...............S169
Targus Carrying Case........ . . . . . . . . S70

Weaccept Trade-ln

Call for other models


Prices already cash discounted.
(other add 2 % surcharge)
VISA/AMEX/Debit
Card accepted.
Financing/Leasing(O. A. C.)
6r rentals available,

14lh Ave.
niviee Ave.

tt

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90A Riviera Drive Markham

el

*Liudtsd quantity available. Call today: 905 . 4 7 7 v0$7gS

gQ

T C P TKST LABS

SEPTEMBER1998 THE COMPUTER PAPER GREATERTORONTO EDITION

or a ew o ars ess

EOI

Analysis of the $1,000 PC


By Jeff Evans

Iealm
im
'Illaiahoarls H
P2BDS

www.asus.corn

Iwill DB S 100
www.iwill.corn.tw

UPERMJcRe
P6DBS swww.supermrcrc.corn

www.tcp.ca

ow much is a computer worth? This


question is more complicated than it
might appear.
How much money have you got? What
do you want to use the computer for? What
year did you ask this question in?
lf you don't have any money, then all
c omputers are t o o e x pensive. I f y o u
absolutely must have a computer for your
business no matter what, then you might be
willing to take out a second mortgage on the
house to pay for it.
If you asked the question in 1976, the
state of the art personal computer might
have 16 KB of RAlvl, a 13-inch monochrome
display, 300 bps modem, 120 KB floppy
drive,and would be a good deal at $3,000.

have all combined increases in capacity with


rapid drops in price. As earlier models of
component partshave been replaced by
faster, higher capacity versions (Pentium
CPUs replaced by Pentium Ils, 1.2 GB hard
drives replaced by 3 or 4 GB drives), the

older parts have dropped in price to a frac-

tion of their former value. This means that


today a PC can be assembled from parts that
18 months ago might have cost a couple
thousand dollars, but now cost only a few
hundred. A PC can be assembled from "last
year' s" unused parts for a very attractive
price.
There's nothing i n t r insically w rong
with making a computer system out of
parts that are no longer considered state of
the art. However, a computer is more than
the sum of its parts. There is an element of
So, it depends.
risk if the various components of a PC
What's not in doubt is that over the last haven't been carefully selected and tested
year, it has become possible for Canadian for compatibility. Especially with small volconsumers to buy a remarkably powerful ume PC makers, care has to be taken that
personal computer for a remarkably low PCs assembled from small batches of parts,
price. Are these new, ultra-low priced PCs a of varying a ges, m anufacturer b rand
bargain, or is the consumer paying any hid- names, and quality, are tested carefully
den costs when buying a computer for
before being sold.
$1,000 or less?
The major brand name PC makers such
as Compaq, IBM, Dell, NEC, and HewlettTrickle down theory and budget PCs
Packard all spend considerable money on
As is usual in the technology business, a e ngineering and quality control to try to
major shift in the computing market has reduce the number of potential conflicts and
come about due to a number of factors defects in their products. Fven with the
working together. In this case, the "sub- greatest care, there will be instances of hard$ 1,000 PC" has been born due t o t h e ware or software incompatibility, or defects
relentless improvement i n t h e p e r for- that require service under a new computer's
mance of t h e m a jor c omponents that warranty.
'I'he biggest risk with a "bargain" PC is
make up a PC.
For example, the main processing chip that when you take it home, it will break
(the central processing unit, or CPU), hard down, or it won't run all the of your software
drive, CD-ROM drive, and graphics card, (games, Internet browser, business applica-

tions) because of incompatibilities rising


from the combination of parts.
In c o n versation w i t h TCP , D el l
Computer founder Michael Dell said his
company is not very interested in the sub$1,000 PC market. He referred to it as a
"parts liquidation" business model. Add in
the fact that sub-$1,000 PCs typically offer
very slim profit margins to retailers, and you
can seewhy not allthe brand names have
offerings in this category.
However, market leaders Compaq and
IBM recognize the importance of the sub$1,000 PC in the consumer category, and
they both have lines that include entry-level
models close to this price, based on AMD or

Cyrix processors and "last year' s" (quality)


components.

Digital democracy
One very powerful argument in favor of the
affordable PC is that it makes computing
accessible to more and more people, giving
opportunities ranging from learning, to
starting a business, to communicating with
friends and family around the world. At
$3,000 per system, relatively few families or
individuals can a f f or d c o m puters. At
$1,000, many more people can find the

money.
About three years ago, Larry Ellison, the
chief executive officer of Oracle Corporation
floated the idea of the "US$500 computer,"
an affordable, networked, multimedia computer that would make computing truly
democratic.
Today, that dream has become at least a
partial reality in the form of the bargain PC
clone market, You can get a very respectable
PC, complete with a modem and an Internet
Continrrerf on page49

In search of the sub-O'I,OOO (Cdn) PC

Worth noting
Windows 98 performance: This lab test
marks the first time that machines running
In all cases, except the IBM Ispirati, Windows 98 have been entered. Microsoft has
www.tyan.corn
you' ll immediately have to spend at least claimed faster overall performance with
y: The Nflnnahs, ~
$200 for a 14-inch monitor or $300 for a
Windows 98, but most tests done (including
i' jjllfynla Qycomls ~
15-inch model and more if you want to
' ' Primp e4 w
test with our own BAPCo benchmarking softbe kind to your eyeballs. If your system ware) seem to indicate no substantial differ- q:-::Becausethis' month"s;,"' .
doesn't come with a modem, you will have ence between Windows 9$and Windows 98 f::..eiitrants v(teieso virto spend a minimum of $50 for a basic performance. In fact, some of the machines .,j. Ied,.-':.=-'It7j ceitainlyw
modem, or around $200 for t h e l atest running Windows 98 have actually reported "='sn -ipples
brand name v.90-compliant 56K model.
slightly slower scores.
-,,IttuI; Otajges situs-~
Then there's software. A basic producIt's possible that speed improvements will
tivity suite like ClarisWorks or Microsoft
happen in future revisions of Windows 98, s QA%'.;::".-ottt ~+-' ards.~~;.<s
Works will cost under $200, but if you need but at this point there seems to be no perforAvailable at:
or want t h e b i g p a ckages like L otus mance advantage of one over the other.
';;:the,-,:,:
.. ..Ijstt@ -:-,--.tiIree';=
:..': ',;,r:.;;; .;:,, w~':,~
1} Bestbyte (Whitby).................905-725%298
S martsuite, M i crosoft O f f ice o r C o r el
~':.;&$gg.-'~j<.".giving':
out -'orie ov'erilI' j
AMD
processors:
We'
ve
noted
the
AMD
2) OZ Tech (Mississauge).........905-2TO-2900
WordPerfect
Suite,
you'
ll
need
to
spend
'
Q~
:
g
ff
the:;btst,cqtn@n'alto%:Qf
per;.4
processor
under
"con"
heading
in
the
individ3) Rogers Computer (Toronto)..418-6N-S222
two or three times that amount. Another ual product reviews, simply because of the
.;.
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a
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td
cGIIION&tsj'f)fjt1Ie
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4
4) United Computer (Pickering).905-831-9555
minor expense will be speakers. When you range of software that is supposedly optimized ",;; l+Sc'tkr@tppij!c',;' ' '.;.:.';"~, ~ '; ~~-:',;,".,'
or
add all the parts up, your sub-$1,000 PC for the Intel universe.
,;~:,":~'+-~bo@h. everyctm;:4id;:art,e)tcellent; >;
Visit Us at www.nc-tech.cpm will probably cost at l east $1500, plus
::: the".:.' +tW's;-'-t6ghtfie'-'te
In our tests, all of the machines completed '=,'-p5'jitti~
taxes.
the benchmarking tests without incident, and '- 'lid,iijiettt~lh5,,"d~ill',the:Myn'OI.gal:@
JIaster Distributor
You may want to print out documents, the machines running the AMD K6 and K6-2 @We.:ttod:.;itssy$f4%;offered" ye'rtt perfore; 4
NC Technologies Inc.
in which case you will need at least $200 chips turned in fine performances. And AMD q~-'titance,:;ajo&'overall'co1je'chion'of.cern; t'
90 Nolan Court, Unit k28 g NI I
for an i n kjet printer. Incidentally, both
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Epson and Lexmark introduced $169 print- sors are well behaved with most applications. .AIL,8iat: f9I $99$;:-'arid': ou've gbt-'an 'X
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ers this summer with print quality equal to So, the issue of incompatibility may never con- y:.~ ej t 4eaLQ>~~ ~ g , ."
$400 models of just a couple of years ago.
cern you unless you stray into specialized areas.

81832DL

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1024 .28
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Intel i740 4MAGP
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76C 1280 27
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Qoperi 17"
17" 78C 1600 .26 5N
Producliva GIM SM (OEM) t07
17" 79G1600 25 $567
ProducovoGINSM (Relab)
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SD XpreRange24M EDO
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23 6
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191
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256
273
2

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r nkjet Z r
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4.5G Viking 5 ubrcWide


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- Creative24xCD Rom Drive
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- Acer 104 PS/2 Keyboord
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- Microphone IL Headphone
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-32M SDRam (Ipc 32 SORam)
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- 64M SDRam (Zpcs 32 SORarn)


- 12OM LS-120 Floppy Drive
- 6.488 Ultra DMA HD
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- Motorola 56K Int. Voice Fax modem
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Multimedia PS/2 Keyboard
- Stereo Speoken w/ Sub-woofer
- Microphone 8 Headphone
Mouse 5 Mouse Pod

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pentium II MOMhz eg 529

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6.488 Ultra DMA HD


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- Etl(IO MultimediaPS/2Keyboard
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- Ivticrophone IL Headphone
- Mouse 8 MousePad

'1469~
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Acus P2L97 LXPentiurn S

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- 6M SDRam (Zpcs 32 SORcxn)
- I ZOMLS"120 Floppy Drive

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Pentium II MDMhz >$949

ls5)nt|um II 3 0 0MhZ 8

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SEPTEMBER 1998 THE COMPUTER PAPER CREATERTORONTO EDITION

T E C H N OI.OCY I N E QUCATION

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Online education

He'I got a
wobIIte.
Do you?

1S gradually

E-mail Autoresponders
Free Counter

Order Today

becoming
a reali

'!sIy

show up at the school to complete those programs, Even at'that, the practicality of online
t wasn't more than two years ago that we t e chnology is finally being recognized by edutook a look at the state of education via the c ational institutions.
Interne, which at the time was nothing
In som e c ases, students who already
short of fetal. In fact, it was pretty rare to find a t t end campus dasses use online courses to
any online credit courses, much less diploma accelerate completion of their programs. In
or degree programs, because only a handful of o t her cases, students who might have to work
schools in all of North America had embraced or look after children can take online courses
to accommodate
the new technolotheir s c hedules.
gy to any (ahem)
degree.
Also, the ability to
t ake
cour s es
But the beneonline often gets
fits of online edumany
s t u d ents
started toward a
so it is likely to be

Sy Ross MacDonald

noel i@erin@
a cpurse oyer

the [nternet jnvpJyes a ipt

eventually accepted at just about

more than just publishing


a Web site"

any level from

collette ostler,

diploma or degree
with the potential

of further online

courses
b ein g
Virtual Learning EnVirOnnfentS de veloped by the
through post-gradtime the current
uate degrees. As it
stands, a couple of schools in the United o f f erings have been completed.

States offer full online MBAs and one


I

's

Canadian coHege offers a complete online


advanced diploma.

Thesebenefitsareperhapsmostsalientto

w h at are called in the trade "adult learners,"


those who never started or finished their edu-

However, a much greater number of post- cation for whatever reason but are ready now,
secondary schools offer at least some credit
courses toward a diploma or degree but with
the proviso that students eventually have to

e i t her for personal reasonsortoenhancetheir


c a reers.
Continued on page44

ew, a t e s t

e cs o r

r i c es

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T ECHNOLOG Y I N

SEPTEMBER1998 THE COMPUTER PAPER CREATERTORONTO EDITION www.tcp.ra

EDUCATION

The virtues of virtual ed

have one project devoted to the use of VirtualU in mathematics courses, which have always
been most difficult to deliver visually. We' re
In the old days, that meant correspon- also learning how to deliver university engidence school or "guided independent learn- neering lab courses online."
ing," which entailed receiving a package of
Ostler concurs: "Virtual-U accommodates
reading material, sending in assignments and interesting ways of providing different visualwaiting for marks. A great deal of pressure was izations and methods of presenting matheimposed on the individual to successfully matics as opposed to simply offering up a set
complete that process with practically no help of problems to be solved."
or feedback from the instructor. Online eduThough still a long way from rompletely
cation, however, has the added dimension of embracing the technology entirely, a number
rlass discussion and real-time tutoring. It can of colleges and universities are beginning to
also offer vir tual labs and presentations.
consider entire online programs ence issues
Enter a new Canadian development a like academic standards and credibility are
sophisticated collaboration of schools and worked out to the satisfaction of both the acateachers under t h e u m b rella t i t le o f demic community and the working world.
T eleLearning Network o f
Ce n t res f o r
Heather Francis, a distance education
Excellence ('I'eiel.earning NCE).
spokesperson for the University of British
Under the leadership of Linda Harisim and Columbia explains that "there is definitely
I'om Calvert both of Simon Fraser University the vision of people someday being able to
in British Columbia the "mission" of the take their entire degree from some remote

Coll rill lrr'.rif fmnr page42

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$13.95
$14.95

$14.95
."'~~$16.95
$17.95

TeleLearning NCE is "to research, develop and location or being able to take individual
demonstrate effective knowledge building courses that are accepted by all the universi
pedagogics, implemented through telelearn- ties as transferable credits."
ing; to support the development of a knowl
"But there are many negotiations to go
edge economy and l earning society in
through before that can happen. We have to
Canada." In other words, Telel.earning NCE look at not only what is the student being
explores and tests the potential and practical- taught and what are they learning that' s
ity of multimedia technology in distance edu- paramount but also the level of comfort that
cation.
the faculty must have in using this medium.
To this end, they conduct a variety of pro- It's not as simple as taking your lecture notes
jects inrluding the Virtual University, or
and dumpingthem on the Web and then you
Virtual-U. Though it sounds lil'e an actual have a course. There are intrinsic aspects of
online school, Virtual-U is the name of a soft- the Web that foster types of interaction that
ware package developed by TeleLearning NCE you couldn't achieve in the classroom. There
specifically for the design and delivery of
are also ropyright issues to consider regarding
post-secondary courses.
what materials can be used on the Web."
The key to Virtual-U is a set of Web teols
Douglas College in New Westminster, B.C.
that allows such things as class discussions, is currently unique in having dealt with most
presentations, giving and receiving assign- of those issues. It offers its entire Advanced
ments and even class evaluation. And it must Psychiatric Nursing diploma on the Internetbe an eff
ective package because more than a that is, start to finish without ever having to
dozen universities and colleges are currently attend classes at the school.
testing or using Virtual-U as an alternative to
Ray Foumier, an RPN, was responsible for
campus attendance for the delivery of specific putting together the online program at
courses.
Douglas College for the fall of 1996. As he
"Virtual-U is the set of tools an education- explains it, basic nursing and psychiatric nursal institution uses to present their courses on ing programs still have to be taken in tradithe Internet," says Collette Ostler, of Virtual tional fashion and successfully completed
Learning Environments Inc, which produces before Advanced Psychiatric Nursing can be
Virtual-U. Courses taken this way are credited studied, When the program's 10 online rourstoward a degree or diploma at that specific es have been successfully completed, students
institution.
can further enroll in traditional distance eduAs Ostler explains, some universities have cation courses through B.C,'s Open Learning
come u p with their own systems for delivering Agency to begin a Barhelor of Health Sciences
courses via the Internet, but Virtual-U is degree. Douglas College's online program is
increasingly popular because the tools, imple- only one of several stages toward a full degree,
mentation and technical services are available but it is a complete program available entirely
as a package, which is much more economical online.
than developing a proprietary system.
"The program itself has existed since 1990
"Delivering a course over the Internet but was originally designed for traditional disinvolves a lot more than just publishing a tance education to be completed in paperWeb site," Ostler says. "Instructors need to be work fashion at that t i m e," F ournier
able develop course content and class notes as explains. "We now offer it through Virtual-U.
well as upload that information and confer I was involved in figuring out how online
with students either individually or groups."
offerings worked and I happened to run across
Where business courses were almost the Virtual-U at the time I was putting the online
only thing available over the Internet two program together. It was exactly what I'd been
years ago, Virtual-U has made it possible now, looking for."
to take courses in almost any field. The develEcheing Ostler, Foumier explains that the
opment of real-time conferencing tools allows main difference between online offerings and
courses in the humanities, and the creation of traditional distance education is in conveying
virtual lab environments required for the a sense to the student of actually being part of
more scientific courses.
a class: "Online students receive the same
"We haven't discovered any particular lim- package of materials as the regular students.
its to courses and course enhancement,"- But, instead of preparing a series of papers to
according to Calvert, "While our focus has earn the grade, the Virtual-U software allows
been on post-secondary education, 'particular- us to develop conferences so the study packly in the social sciences, we' ve learned that age is divided into a series of conferences that
Virtual-U technology can support workp/ace are run on a bi-weekly basis and a particular
training and high-school courses too. We
Corrtnrnerf on page 4tf

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SEPTEMBER1998 THE COMPUTER PAPER GREATERTORONTO EDITION

T E C H N O LOGY I N E D UCATION
ACC NAXSysteuee
825 Deaiaoo St 4, Markbam

14 t h Ave.

Tel: (905)946-9440/9441
Fax: (903)946-1098

Denison St.

Email: accmaxi
sidirectcom

Mon - Fri 9:30am - 6:00pm


Sat
3 0 :30am - 430pm
(Smeefers
nre/etnne)

SYS T K

CEEB
ThlnkPad

The virtues of virtual ed


Contiinfetf frow page 44

38DJtD4A ......,....... 2850

topic is addressed by way of questions and


discussion. Students are expected to react to
their classmates in this online environment
and their grades are determined by the quality and quantity of the presentations they
make on a daily or weekly basis."
However, despite the multimedia possibilities described by Ostler and Calvert, virtually all of the Douglas College program is
conducted as online text.
mlthink animations and real-time broadcasts of classes and such are beginning to
happen," says Fournier, "but the technology
isn't all that super at this point. Somebody
in Thunder Bay with a 486 and a 14.4
modem is certainly not going to be abl'e to
participate in things like that. So it's more
practical right now to forgo the luxuries,
which assume everybody has big, powerful
equipment, and to stick with the more basic
model, even though the software has been
designed to allow for that kind of stuff."
Basic as it might be, the Douglas College
program remains one of kind. A more common example of how the Internet is incorporated into post-secondary education right
at the moment is provided by the University
of Waterloo, which offers individual credit
courses in Environmental Studies. The
courses offered simultaneously online and
on campus are considered equivalent.
An important issue as yet to be settled is
the cost to students for taking online courses. It is common now for most institutions
to charge the same fees for online classes as
they do fo r r egular ones. Despite the
absence of geographical boundaries in the
virtual world, most Canadian colleges, universities and governments continue to
impose hefty additional fees to "foreign"
s tudents considered undeserving of t h e
" subsidized education" enjoyed by t h e
indigenous.
So, for example, where an individual
online course might cost a Canadian student $150 from anywhere in the world, a
non-Canadian might be charged up to $600
for the same course taken over the same
World Wide Web. Efforts are currently
underway by many educators to eliminate
this discrepancy. In the meantime, however,

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international readers must be prepared to

pony up.
Numbers to date show a steady growth
and acceptance of online education with
over 100 courses being taught through
Virtual-U across Canada to approximately
3,500 students since it was developed in
1996. Similarly, Francis reports that in 1997
there were 27 proposals to create online
courses within the UBC system, and already
been close to 40 such proposals in the first
half of 1998.
Where it is arguable that much intangible is lost in the isolation of Interspace,
those numbers indicate we are gradually
moving toward using technology to accommodate more and more individual educational needs. It's certainly tempting to get
back into learning when the restrictions

imposed by time and money and lifehave been largely alleviated.


Perhaps in the not too distant future it
will be possible to go from kindergarten
through to a doctorate without ever leaving
home. All we' ll need then to complete the
college experience is the software for a virtual panty raid and virtual pub. 0
S

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AS I. ISTED ABOVE WITH 15" MONITOR, ALL SOFTWARE

$1649 $1749

$ 1909 $2159 $2 3 39

ASL ISTED ABOVE


WITH17" SVGA MONITORAND AI.L SOFTWARE

$1799 $1899

$ 2059 $2309 $ 2 489

48

ASL ISTED ABOVE


WITH17" SVGA MONITORAND NO SOFTWARE

$1669 $1769

$ 1929 $2179 $ 2 359

DON'T PAYTILL 1999 OAC - ASK FOR DETAILS


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ALLPRIQS AREIN CANADIANDOLIARS. SALES


TAXANDDSTARENNINCLDDED INPRIQS. ADVt nSEDPRIQS AREALREADYDISCOIINTED3"YaFOR CN IL ADD 3'/9 fORANOTNER PAYMENTMETNOlh

MuL rMaDTA

Ie

O'

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r

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DEALER
ENOllRIES WELCOME. PRIQS, SPEOFICATIONSANDAVAILABILITY SIJDIECTTOCIANDE WITROIIT PRIORNNIQ. ALLTRADEMARKSAREOFTHEIRRESPECTIVEOWNFRS. ITIIS MULTIMEDIAEFFECTS, INC.
I I'
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:
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II
II
I
I
I

TCP TEST LASS g

THE COMPUTERPAPER GREATERTORONTO EDITION www.tcp.ca SEPTEMBER 1998

Risk and opportunity the two are never


very far apart. If you want to get a computer at the most attractive price, you
should invest some time in researching
your purchase, to reduce the risk of buying

Fujitsu hard drive? ATI or Matrox graphics


card? Creative I.abs Sound Blaster audio
card?)? Check the components to ensure
they are in fact the same as the configuration stated by the sales rep. If you aren' t
sure which components are the best, check
Cu?npnter Paper Lab reports, either in back
issues of the paper, or on our Web site
{hltp://www,tcp.ca). Do y o u r h o m ework
before dropping your $1,000.
One obvious thing to check is whether
or not t h e CPV chip has been "over-

model lettering sanded or scraped off. An


o verclocked chip w i l l o f t e n b u r n o u t
quickly 'or suffer other defects.
There is an article located on the Web at
http: //www.heise.de/ct/english/98/09/022/, with
downloadable software designed to detect
inconsistencies in Pentium II chips, including overclocking. If you' re not sure about a
Pentium II chip, check this out, {Thanks to
Stephen from STD for the pointer,)
A nother major consideration i s t h e
warranty. The norm in the industry is two

iMac peripherals such as floppy dri-.


ves, scanners, keyboards and printers~,
-~"'->and-the group is working

a lemon.

clocked" to give a higher frequency speed or three years for a VC, for parts and ser-

You should start by looking under the


hood beforeyou buy. What brand name
components are in t h e computer {Intel
processor and motherboard? Quantum or

than it was manufactured for. Overclocked


chips often have a sticker on top of the
chip to conceal the real, authorized clock
speed, or may even have had the chip

with manufacturers of these devicei'to l. "":

For a few dollarsless


Cllntilnle/ firnn pnge40
connection, for around $1,000, plus the cost
of a monitor subject to certain conditions.

Do your research first!

v ice. Any

U$B DR the IMic'

NB
The Los Angeles Macintosh
Group has launched 3 new Web site
dedicated to helping Macintosh users
take advantage of untversal serial bus

{VSS) products. The system is adopt~:


in the new iMac computer. LAMG's
Web site includes information on

w a rranty f e atures t hat a r e

promised verbally by the sales rep should


also be printed in th e official warranty
form. CI

togeter'h.

provide current drivers and links to


company sites.
http: //twtw.usb4lnac.cd' '~~, ~,,

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32MB

$ 55

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CM8622

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VISIONMASTER 550 $419VISIONMASTER 17
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VRRONRA51k BIO I? $865
8901GT
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VISIONMASTER 500 $1750
VISIONMASTER500T $1750
VISONMASIERNO?I $1652

17"
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$101
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MI V D V D 5 $ 000
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INT VOICE
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IRT VOICE
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$?9
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IICT
$124
INT VOICE $149
EXT
$161

P1156
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8836
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tt

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1600

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21
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VS31

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7aos

INMNSDOIDD
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GS53

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GA655
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M00
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MX?00
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SONIC IMPACT $50
Oavtona PCI
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TURTLESEACH Monteoo PCI
$130

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Monster 3D II
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UPGRADE YOUR

COMPUTERS'A

PENTIUIN'8 .
266MHz MWPf "'."'
5. 32MB RAM
'

Inslslation Bnra

%M

I R ESM

ll

SEPTEMBER
1998 THE COMPUTER PAPER GREATERTORONTO EDITION www.tcp.ca

TECHNOLOGY IN EDUCATION

- INDUS SYSTEMS

2Lea r n teaches
teachers to use the Web

Why should you go for


Nlicrosoft certification?

Hereareatleastfourreasons...
I. A salary survey shows striking increases in compensation for MCSEs.

with an Internet connection. Knowing


how to use it to its maximum potential is the
great challenge for educators at all levels.
Thanks to a c ooperative relationship

3. Microsoft's certification is recognized worldwide.


Whim you tell prospective employers that you are an
MCSE, they understand the level of your knowledge.

Systems Engineer

of interest to parents, kids and teachers. The


2S- to SO-word descriptions for each link
should speed research and help filter Web

pages.
The information is so well written, organized and presented that a print copy should

be available in every school in Canada. The


between TELUS (a Alberta telecom company) site wilt help kids researching projects on the

individuals.

he Web is often likened to a giant

resource library available to anyone

2. Rescitrch indicates that Microsoft cenificauoit has


significant benefits for both employers and certified

being added. The list now includes 1,29S sites

By Jean Allen-Iheson

Bright Futures Foundation, th e


Teachers Association, the Alberta
Boards Association, the College of
School S u perintendents a n d
Education, help is at hand.

4. Major businessesnow iodiiite MCSE certification


exams in their internal certification programs.

A l berta Web, and provides parents with a list of links


School on everything from pediatric medicine to parAlberta enting babies.
Alb e r ta
While 2Learn was organized to support
c urriculum in Alberta, 99 percent of ! t i s

Five Alberta teachers are working to pro- applicable to the rest of Canada. One of the

'

Fully IIIstructor-Led
ijjjiicrosoft ONcial Curriculum

d
d

vide online help in understanding, using and


implementing internet projects in classroom
activities. And what a job they have done!
Their site (http;//www.2Learit.ca) branches out

Lectures Labs StudySessions Quizzes


There are two channels
that Microsoft uses for
8
teChniCal training, ATECS Autastrituurx~d tc
a
and AATPs. An ATEC is
geared for fast-paced training suitable for the
504ltt Discount on Exam Fee
corporate environment where yoo start working
on the application right away. An AATP, on the
For more information please visit our
other hand, follows the academic appmach
web
site atwwwinrtussys.corn or strop in
where trainiag is dispensed at a slower rate so
to pick up a broeir ure.
that you can assimilate the mfomatioa we/I sad
retain it until you stan working on the system.
I

a
There are over 2$0 Micmsoft Authorized
AcademicTraining Progmminstitutions over the
s u
a
World aad INDUS SYSTEMS is one ofthem,

Iu

Iu

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I::,

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IS
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Deluxe Pro III A TXMID Tower Case
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la~gg

Windows 9S CDOEM with manual


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CD ROAIS:
NEC 32X IDEr24X SCSI S$! I40
Psmtsooic 24X'32X IDE
7 $ i 14$
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64$

lr4XAtonESSSi
Aocr $6K V.90 F Mtot.
S9
GVC $6kiot Win ModamOEM 7$
USR $6K F,'ViM Iiit .ExL 13$/22$
HARD DRli XS''
Fujitsu 2.6r3.268
I9$120$
Fujitait 4.3i6.40B
22$i2S$
Quantum 3.2 4.3GB UDMA 21$/2$0
Qutmtum 6.4r'S,4GB UDMA 29$/440

Quaamm 4.3r'6.4GB U sICSI399/$I $

S eagate Bmsmda 9.16 UW 9 9 S


Westcm Digital 3.2/4.3GI3 20$/23$
Wcsrem Digital 6.4/S.468 29$<417
IomagtiZip I00 IDE hiz
I0$
Pariaststtic Ls- l20 120Mb Drive 120

ed>a
'4<~ d

gjdu~~us

Continueri on page$2

into around 100 pages of clearly written


information, links, ideas and sample pro-

jects.

j s ".". ds'ttS' P ta-'s' g d

If this site were put together in printed


form, it would make up the best discussion

re rs rsr m

e
i rc ~ w '@t~
.u;

s i e r e t u srr

of Internet, its features, limits, issues, how

. ore

""teuu

It also reflects why the Internet is such a


wonderful information and

et

e r~

to use it and suggestions for students and


teachers that I have seen.

learningtool.

The project, while it appears to be complete,

objectives was to provide a place for dialogues


between teachers and mentors. It was intended to be ua vehicle that helps teachers see the

is ongoing with more information and a


growing list of annotated Internet sites

I I

64MegabytesSDR4 M Alernory
32Megabytes SDR4NMemory
6.4GB9suntum EIDE Hard Drive
4.3GB Quantum Hard Drive
Pentium440LX Intel Chipset Muinbourd
430TX Intel Chi psel Mbd.
Acer 76C 17" Acer.27 1280 Monitor
14"n .28 l 280 Monitor
ATI 3D Xpert'N SMb Video Card
S3 4Mb PCI Video Cofd
Panusonic 3ZXIDK CDROM
32XCD ROM IDE
SouadtttasterldrClsoendCord
.j;::sj,.:;;::::::':.":-:.:.::::, 3DSoundCard
FamuhaFSTM7SPeakers
-".,'';.-=::,:.::;.",,'.:,::::~~
I W 8'uttsSpeakers
A c e r 56k V90 Voice Fax Modem Internal
56k Voice Fax.'tlodem Internal
Punusonic1.44Mb 3.5" Floppy Drive
1.44 FloppyDrive
104 Keys 8'in 95 keyboard
Keyboard 1Q48'inN
Mid TowerCasew/230 Watts PSU
NidTowerw/230 Watts Power Supply
Microsoft "J" 2 Btn Mousew/Pad
MS Compatible Mouse
Ilindows 98 CDOFMw/Manual
@endows 95CD OEM W/Manual
2 Fear labour djt 1 Year parts In Dpt.
2 Year labour 4 1 Year arts In t .

t'RrtvrKtr:

blgitrtORI'
I Mbi4Mb SIMM 30 Pin
slt$
4Mb/SMb SIMM 72 Pm
1$i22
16Mb/32bib SIMM 72 Piii
2$/43
4Ittlbigbtb SibiM 72 EDO
17r24
16Mb/32Mb SIMM 72 EDO
2$!4$
I SMb/32btb SDRAM
39/4$
S4Mb/12SMb SDRAM
I09i20$

~anon TC2$0t1$JC4300 IS $:24$


EPSON 400/600/S00 22S/290i40S
HP Laser
Jet6PI4000N 949it S9$
SCrLVYERSi

UmaxAsira610Pit2IOP 1 7 $i260
HP Signai $100/6100C
3$$ r9$7
$0Ptlts CARDR
Sotmdslaster 16 Pop
39
Souiidbttislar AWE 64iootd S$/19$
l'ttsEO CAgDSi

hlorHERBOARM
Asus TXP4 $12k L2 430TX

13S
Asos TX97-E/XE $12k L2 179/16$
Asus P2L974401'X ATX
179
Astis P2L97S 440LX UW-S

3 I7

Asus P2L97D 4401 r Dual CPU 3S4


PC PARTNER 440LX
140
QDI Pll Legend V 440LX ATX 14$
kloWITORS:
Accr 1$'$6C/78C.26'
2ts9!4S9
Daytek Digirstl I2S0.2S
23$
Ptmssoaic S$0iP70/F70 299/3$9i69$
Stmy 1$u 100ESiSF 1024 4 0 $/449
SOrty Iyu 700BI700P
$S$! 7 6 $
Viewsomc 1$u 66$3 12&O.ZS 342
Viewsooic 17" V773/V77$ $10i$9$
Viawsoaic 17u GS771/P77$ $S$/66S
Viewsomc 2 to
GS10/PSI0 I3S$/I $40

IBM ThinkPad 310ED


Notebook Computer
ON SPECIAL $1555

euuul eau Seeueeeoeet sl t tet


ATI TV Tuner (OEM)
10$
AT13DXpress
i o n 2/4
Mb
$$/S9 t u~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~
ATI AGP XpcrtratPIay4/S 13gii7S
ATI AGP XpentIWork4/8 129/16$

< CBN solutiolls


I

I'

ATI Xpen<dit
Pttiy4/gMb 1 3 $!16$
ATIXpertidoWork4/sMb
11 $/14$I Compuworld Business
Network ~
ATI All ia Wander Pro4iSM 30$/3$S
Diamond Moosier3D SM Voedo2 29& I 4800 Sheppard Ave East,Unit tgl05
Searborough,Ontario, M1S 4N5 a
Diamond Monster 3D 12M Votto2 3SS
Sales (416) 299-8191
Matntx Mil. 11
4/8M PCVAGP 179/279 1
Faz (416) 299-1105
iYETWORiff.VG:

3Com 10/100 PCI (QEM}

OvisLmk SPort 10 Base THub


DLiok 4 Ports 100 Base T Hob

Service (416) 299-8782

M OPs-SAT 1 0 - 7 P M
L ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ J

otttinusintent un tata enlunnatsttssm


onLV ssustud lans oAcdersd ttutaask meal censidstadcelhica, stuei atudutu a suniintdiits eesuttinstsu
disndo edthnal aatiueAllpdusseNalroadtt deucAsu Nones order
k cuicod cttnttundlssuuuleL Rsns/L

usus otnrredusu
tsiu nftttar ~ o

utoaota sao E

SCBrborough R i chmond Hill

Pickering

um Ave

Scarborough:

Mon - Sat: 10am - 6pm


Sunday. 12pm - 4pm

.4810

N M

C P& %S I K

S N Ni N W

Richmond Hill:

sheppca East

i SN

www.throne.corn

We provide high quality components and upgrade service u/ith a ffordable prices!

4810 Sheppanl Ave. E.


1211 Kingston Road
Unit 224, Scarborough
Unit 85, plckering
Tel: (416)609-1668 Tel: (905)881-3299 Tel: (905)839-9333
Fax: (416)609-8860 Fax: (905)8814933 Fax: (905)839-9105
Email: scarborough
Email: nchmondhill
Email: pickering
throne.corn
lothrone.corn
throne.corn

etnttwt%

/is
Pentlum: QDI Titanium T1, Intel 430TX chipset

& AMD 512K cachemo


t herboard.
Celsron: PC Partner, Intel 440EXchipset M.B.

Pentlum 0: PC Partner, Intel 440LX chipset M.B.


2 Serial ports and 1Enhanced Parallel Port,
and USB (Universal Serial Bus)

32 meg SDRAMmemory,
Ball Bearing CPU Heat-Sink Faninduded
Maxtor 43GB Ultra<MAHard Drive
Panasonlc24X EIDE CD-ROM
1A4M FloppyDrive
Yamaha 16bgs sterno 3Dsoundcard with CD
ATI 3D Xpmsslon PCI 2 MegEDOSVGA card
GVC 56K InternalWinmodem
Med-Towercase &250W Power Supply
24W Speakers
104 keys Windowskeyboard
MitsumiMScompatible mouse & mouse pad
Imago 15" Digital Control LowRsd. SVGAmonitor
One monthunlimitedaccess of Internet, w/CD
2 years labour & 1year partsdepot warranty
Windows 08 isnotinduded

ANID K6 233
AMD K6 266
Celeron 266
Celeron 300
Pentium II 266

$1019
$1059
$1069
$1119
$1249

Pentlum ll 266433:
QDI Legend V, Intel 440LX chipsetmotherboard
Pentlum 0 350400:
QDI Brlgiant I, Intel 440BXchipset moths*oard
True Pengum 8 CPU with 512K Cache,
2 Serial ports snd 1EnhancedParallel Port
64 Meg SORAMmemory(68Mhz used on
Pll 266-333, 100Mhz DIMM used onPll 35th400)
Pentlum 8 CPUHeat<ink Faninduded
Nlaxtor 6.4GB Ultra4lMA Hard Drive
Acer 36X EIDE CDROM & 1.44M FloppyDrive
Creative Labs Ensonlq Audio PCIsound card
ATI Xpert SSAGP 8 Meg SVGAcard
with MPEGfull mogon video, 3Dfeatures, support

Pentlum 0 266433: ASUS P2LS7motherboard


Pentium 8 350MO: ASUS P2B motherboard
2 Fast serial, 1 En. Parallel port &supportUSB
True Pengum 8 CPU with 512K Cache
Pentium II CPU Heat-Sink Fan included
64 Meg SDRAMmemory (66Mhz used on
Pll 266-333, 100Mhz DIMM used on Pil 350-400)
Western Digital 8.4GB Ultra-DMA Hard Drive
Panasonic 1.44 Floppy Drive
Toshiba DVD2 EIDE CD4tOM Drive
Sound Blastsr PCI 126 soundcard with CD
ATI XperkNplay AGP 8Meg Videocard
WiS DVD video support and TV output

Aoer 56KV.SOinternal Dale/FaxNoice modem

ATX Med-Tower case wl 250W ATX Power Supply


SOFA desktopmicrophone
Altec Lansing ACS45 Subwoofer Speaker System
Microsoft Natural PS/2 keyboard
Logltech PS/2 First Mouse Plus with wheel &pad
Daytek 17" .26 Flat screenDigital Control
Low Radiation Super VGA color monitor
One month unlimited access of internet withCD
Prefoaded IMndows 68 withmanual &CD
2 years labour & 1year parts depot warranty

ATX Med-Tower casewl 250W ATXPower Supp'


Dowa 120W Stereo Spsmkers
Keytronic 104 keys PS/2 Windows keyboard
Logltech 3 button PS/2 mouse with mouse pad
Daytek 15" .28Non-interlaced Digital Control
Low Radiation SVGA Color monitor

One monthunlimited access of Internet, w/CD


Preloaded Windows SSwith manual & CD

Pentium II 266
Pentium II 300
Pentium II 333
Pentium II 350

Pickerlng:

Mon- Sat. 10am -Opm


Sunday: CLOSED

&

Mon. Sat:10am-6pm
Sunday: CLOSED

$1689
$1T49
$1899
$2169

USR 55K V.SO


Internal Data/Fax/Voice Modem

Pentium II 266
Pentium II 300
Pentium II 333
Pentium II 350
Pentium II 400

$2469
$2519
$2659
$2949
$3259

QDI Advantage 512Kmotherboard


AMD K6433 CPUwith CPU Heat-Sink Fan
32 Meg SDRAM memory
Panasonic 1A4M Floppy Drive
Panasonic 24X EIDE CD-ROM
Maxtor 2.8GB Ugra-DMA Hard Drive
Cirrus Logic 2 Meg PCI superVGAvideo card
Med-TowerCase &250W powersupply
Acer 104 keyswindowskeyboard
Mitsumi serialmousewith pad
2 years labourand 1year partsdepotwarranty
Monitor & Windows98 are not included

Pc Partner EXB, Intel 440EX mothe*oard


Intel Celeron 266 CPUwith CPU Heat-Sink Fan
32 Nleg SDRANI memory
Panasonic 1A4M Floppy Drive
Panasonic
24X EIDE CD-ROM
Quantum 3.2GB Ultra-DMA Hard Drive
Trident 9750 4 Meg AGP superVGAvideo card
Med-Tower Case & 250W power supply
Acer 104 keys windows keyboard
Milsumi serial mouse with pad
2 years labour and 1 year parts depot warranty
Monitor & Windows 98 are not included

4 8

386, 486 ~

Pen t i um

QDI Titanium, Intel 430TX '


AMD K6-233 CPU with CPU Heat-Sink Fan
32 Meg SDRAM memory
Cirrus Logic 1 Meg PCI SVGAcard
Instagagon Included
9 months parts IL labour warranty

Celeron 285 " )PC Peyft(er) 8 898:


Pent)urn il'288 (PC Partner) 8 529 .
3 2 Iweg to 84 Nieg SDRAiill +

854.

'*Ag Prices are already 3/a discounted for cash, Money Order andCertified Cheque (prewpprove on
ly), or Direct payment (Interac). VISA, Master Cards or Government P.O. are on regular prices
(Regular price = Cash discounted price+ 3$$).Government, educetional institutions & corporate P.O. are welcome, shipping cost is extra. Prices are subject to change without notice. (Check: www.throne.corn)
ORiVES B CONTROLj ER

C A S E e~

p m w Bq ply

INPUT DEVICES

IDE/SCSIharddrive reiieveble kit $30 Med-Tower 7 bays250W


$42 Acer 104keyskeyboard
$14
SCSI externalCase2ee/s 5tu66pie 120/145 Med-Tower6bays250Ww/Slide Doorf 52 Keytonic104keyskeyboard
$24
IDE:
Hi-Tower, 7bays250W wlSlide Door$72 MsNaturalKeyboard( w/Systere) $50
Maxlor 2.6GS
173 Full Tower, 10bays 250Ww/Slide Door$ 64 MitsumimouseMScorepe5ble $
9
Maxtor 4.3/6.4GS
205/250 ATX,MedTower7bays235W
$ SO Ms Intelli Mouse(w/Systemonly)
$32
Medor OA
/11.5GS
336/43" ATX,FullTower10bays235W $130 Ms SWprecision pro(USS)
$ 99
Mexlor 13.6GS
M6 Power Supply250W/30OW
26/42 LogiiechSerial/PS2 mouse
$ 20
QuantumFireball 32/43GS I SO I 217 ATX PowerSupply235W/250W 50/55 LogiiechFirst Mouse+(Serial /P62) $26
Quantum
Fireball 6.4/6.4GS 265/375 ATX powerSupply300W
5 05
S eegate
Medalist p/o4.5GS
$ 26 2
S eagete
Medalist P/o6.5GS
$ 32 0

1)EMORY

SCANNERS ."- -.--

FAX WIOOEINS

( Please call for the current price, Microiek


V310color (Parallel)
$136 GVC 56KInt winModem
$62
or refer to our WEB site )
STORMpegescan(US8)
$194 AGER56K Ini with voice V.SO
$79
ATI Xp
ImageWave (Parallel)
ert4M(SODIMM )
$ 65 STORM
$132 USR 56KInt V.SOwin Modem (retail) $130
SIMM1M/4M-70,30pes
$3.5/15 ConnectixQuickcetnVC(USS)
$165 USR 56KInt V.SO
(retail) $165
SIMM BM40, 72
pins RegI EDO $27/25
USR 56KInt with voiceV.SO
$130
SIMM16M40,72 pinsReg/EDO$25/22 VlOE CARDS -,ii).
USR 56KIntwith voiceV.SO reku~$164
SIMM
32M40, 72pins RegI EDO$64/54 ATI TVtuner forV.S/3DXpression ISA 106 USR 56K
Ext V.SO
Irate' $164
SDRAM
32M,166pins
$54 PCI:
USR 56K
Ext voiceV.SOPRO (reia$)$252
SDRAM
32M, t66pins100Mhz
$64 Cirrus Logic5446
1M
$26
SDRAM
64M,166plns SDRAM $142 ATI 3DXpression EDO 2M
$46 NETNRKS (E(he~~
SDRAM
64M,
166jins
100Mhz
$167
ATI
3
D
Xp
r
eei
on
E
DO
4M
$62 OvIsUek16bile ISAcard
CO%RIVES SNRIT ERW SDRAM126M,166pins
Seagste
MedalistPro6.1GB $ 4 55 Cl U CHlPS ~ ~ ~
$25
$256
ATI
Xpsri
@
XL
4M
$73 OvisUek 6puris 10 BaseThub
Western Digilel 32/4.308 1 6 6/213 ( Please call for the current price, Panasonicint24XSCSI CDDms $131 SDRAM126M,166pins100Mhz
$76
$286
A
TI
X
Play
SS
O
M
$164
Penesonicint24XIDECDDrive
Western Digilel
6.4/5.4G8 273/355 or refer to our WEB
site )
$65
GVC 16bitsISAcard(pep)
$30
A
TI
Albln-Wonder
ho
4
M
$301
c 32XIDECDDrive
SCSI:
Cooling Fsnfor 466/PenSum
$5/7 Psnasoniint
$76 INKJEY'PRINTERS~
GVC 32bile PCIcenl (PnP)
$34
Cease
30
Bl
a
srsr
voodao2
OM
retail
255
Aeer
int
36X
IDE
CD
D
ri
v
e
Quantum
Rrebaii SE6.4GB
$ 5 2 5 Coolingfor
Fan
Pen$umII
$79 IEEE Bidirecbon
DLick PCI10BaseT
$16
$42
pri
n
tercsble
6
R
$15
Craafive 3D
tuaster voadont 12M retail 346
Toshiba
inl
DVD
SI
1
102
Dri
v
e
onl
y
Q uantum
Fireball SE6.4GB
$ 66 5
$169 CanonBJC-250
DLink PCI10/100BaseTcard
$70
$165
Diamond
Monster tg Vaodoot BM
$
276
Qu, VMegll 4.5GB
UW
$515 AMD K6-233/266
Acer
int
6
by
2
IDE
R
ewri
t
er
Ki
l
$430
D
Link
4
ports
100
Base
T
hub
130/160
$160
LIVEN
$246STB Nilro 3D
4M $ 116 Inlel EtherExpress
Qu. Vilungll 9.1GB
UW
$636 AMDK6-2)266
$175 Cree$veint DVDEncore Dxr2Kit $325 Canon
PRO/100+
PCI
$120
StylusPhoto 700
$390STS Velocity 128 TV
3D 4M
$170 3COMPCI10/1008ese Tcard
Ou. Alias ill 16GU2W
$1726 AMD K6-2/300
$515 Epson
$245 HP int 7200i IDERewriter let
$60
EpsonSirius 400/600
$195/279 AGP:
SeagsteSar 4.5GSST44573W $755 Intel Cele/on 266& Fee(retail)
3COM 6ports 100aseThub60167SO 125
$155 HP exi 7200EParallel RewriterKit $635 Epson Stylus600/650
ATI
Xpertg6
OM
$390/490
$
113
SeagateSsnS.IGSST49173W $ 076 Intel Celeron 300& Fan(retail)
$205 Mitsusf inl 6 by 2IDEWriler
$363 Epson Stylus1520
6pons100Base Thub3C16722 425
$1027ATI XpertIXL
4M
$64 3COM
Panesonicint 8 by4 SCSIwriter
Seagete
San'16.2GSST-116273W $1771 Intel pent.ll 266,Bulk/Relail
3 2 7/369
$430 HP Desk
EthernetCableRG56/10/IOOBaseT 0.40/0
Jet 662C
$260 Trident 9750
4M
$50 Ethernet 1N100
Seagekr Ctweush
4.5GBST-34502LW 650 Intel Pent.ll 300. Sulk/Retail
3 3 5/365
Yetsahs int CDW4260 6 by4
ST 10II w/connastor $12
Desk
Jet 722C
6 M $ 170 Ethernet 10/100
$3SSA TI Xpert@plsy 96
Seegate
Cheelah6,1GSST-39102LW 1219 hlel pent.ll 333. Sulk/Retail 4 5 5/500 SCSI RewriterDriveonly
$640 HP
BT
25lt e/caanaaxx $16
HP
Deskiei1120Cxi
$650
ATI
All-In-Wonder
Pro
4M
$
320
IntelPent.6350, Bulk/Retail
6 3 5l675
108aseT( RAS) Jack
$ 1.5
Lexmark
1100
Nreszssssrs
$166
ATI
Alan-Wonder
Pro
6M
$
359
Panesonic35'1.44Meg$oppydrive $25 Intel Pentll 400, Bulk/Iteteil
9 2 0/650
Blank COdIsc (SASF,
Mexell)
$ 2 Lewnerk 5000/5700aeaaraaww
BNC Connector/ SNC
T Connector $3
$260/370
Intel
Express
3D
4M
retail
130
Pen.L6-120 3Z 120Meg
Soppy drive 122
BlankCDAIsc IHP)
$3
$3
MiledumG200 6M
$ 170 Terminator
LS-1 20120MDisk
$16
Blank RewritableCDdisc (HP)
$22 4JkSEIIILED ieRINTERS Metrox
Melrox MiiIenium
G200 OM retail 1SS
HP6L 6ppm 1M 600dpi $515
iomegs IntIDE100MegZIPdrive with
Sofkware. (Bicroeo8086verslons
HPOP Oppm 2M 600dpi $ 669 NOSIITORS ~,:
2IP ToolsUfiges .
$122 QDI Advantage
Pentium512KVIA $ 90 SOUI4D CARQS
HPOMP Oppm 3M 6OMpi $1169' All raaeitwscanr ISS%CanadianWarranly' must bepurchasedwllh Systems)
IOmegaParefel tOOMett ZIPdrive $155 QDI Tilsnium
Pen6um512K430TX $103 Yamaha16bits 3Dsoundcaid
DeylekNon-In 1024.25
$19 HP 4000 17 ppm4M 1200dpi
$175 Windows
96wiihinstellafon (OEM) $165
$148014'
IOmege100Meg ZIPdsk
$14 . 5 Acer AXSS
Pro /tf
$146 Soundblaster16cardpnP(bulk)
DaylekDigital 1280.25 $215 WindowsNT4.0Workstelcn (OEM) $290
$34 HP 4000N17ppmSM 1200dpi
$169515'
SyquestInt/Exl 1GSSpaxQdrive $266 ASUS
TXP4
$125 Soundblaster
15"
Imago
15HX
64Value (bulk) $75 HP 5000 16 ppm 4M120Mpi flair 1070
1260.26
$200 WindowsNT4.08erver 5User
$1030
Syquest1GSSpsrQ
ce/Sage, 3pack 5145 ASUSTXS7L
3 l43 SoundSlasterAWE
64Gdd(Retail)
$196 HP 5000NIOppmOM1200dpi ttxtr 2640 15' Sony100ES 1260.25
$415 MS HomeBundle 96(OEM)
$ SO
HP Int IDE5GBtapedrivewlS Tsye $260 ASUSP2E84408X
$154 Enex)xiPCIsoundcant
17'Acer76C
1260.27
$435
$36 HP 6000 24ppm16M1200dpi ttxt73370
MS Oliice 07Small Business(OEM) $325
HP Ext5GSParelbl tapedrivewfl'ape 359 ASUS P2LS7440LXN X
$160 Crealve Labs
EnsonxlPCI soundcard 53
tT Daytek 1726D 1260.26
$400
M
SOBce
Pro
57(Trade
Up)
$
4
6
0
Seagete
IntOGBSCSItapedrive $440 ASUS P2LS78440LX uweCN N $305 SoundblasterPCI126
17' NECE700
1600 .25
$140
$710 Lolus Smart
Suite 67(bulk)
$42
Tape600M/3.2G
$35/44 ASUSP284408X4$2
$226
PRINTER ACCESSORIES IT Soey200ES 1260.25
$765
Tape SG
I BG
$47/57 ASUSP28-5 (U2W4CSI) 472
$4 2 0
$660
4/6 Meg: Hp4+/4M+/4P/5P/6P $37/60 1T Sopy20OGS 1260.25
ASUSP28-D(Duel CPU) df
$396 S|aEAKERS S IllCB
17'Opliqueetv75
1600.26
$555 UnlrttssrrMl$tihle gator
4/6 Meg: Itp 4/46y5SVI200 $56/75
IDE ISACNTR16550I/O
$27 ASUS P28.06(csaCpuautu/4CSi) $635
17'
Viewsoni
c
E771
1260.27
$486
SUSL
$50/127
Basic speakers
ASUSSC-200
$60
$ 6 4/6 Meg: HP
I?
Vewsonic
P775
1600.25
Supply (UPS)
DOWA
24Wspeakers
ASUS
SC675UW
$16 16 Meg: HP 4+/4M+/4P/5P/6P $ SS15' Opflquestv95 1280 26 $730
$ 145 PC psri/xx
Pen$umll 440LX $ 1 3 0
$775 APC - AmericanPowerConversion
$120 15' Sony400PS
120Wspeakers
Adeptec2540Ukit (bulk)
$235 QDICeleronExcelient440EXNX $136 DOWA
$26 16 Meg: HP 4000
$ 30
1600.25
$1320 Personel 7Outlet w/Modem
$ SS19' ViewsonicG790 1600
$55 HP Tonerfor 4U4P/4MP
Adsptec294OU
Wkit(bulk)
$259 QDI Legend
V440LX NX
$140 YamehaM7speakers
26
$750 Bsckup4PSPro420
$315
HP Tonerfor 5U6L
$69
Pro
350W
speakers
$59
Adaptec2940U2W(relalfj
$56 5 QDI Brilliant14408X
S/r
$105
1S' ViewsonicP8790 1600.25
$ 935 Backup4PSPro650
$360
$12021'
DiamondFireport40 UW(Bulk)
$135 Intel SE4408)OA47
$66 HP Tonerfor 5P/5MP/6P/SMP
$276 GNT 5000Subwcofer
Pro 1000
$545
lc G510 1600.25 $1380 Backup-UPS
$34 Viewson
Allec Lansing
ACS45Subweofer
$103 HPSxxseries51641Acdorink

21' WewsonicP810 1600.25

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T E C H N O l OC Y I N E D UCATION
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"by teachers, with teachers, for teachers" at
all grade levels.
potential for technology to enrich their proFour Internet projects are available at
grams of study." But this is a two-way street. 2Learn this year with more than 100 to follow
While 2Learn provides the techniques and in the second year. One of the projects curresources, it also depends on teachers to pro- rently at the site is called Exploring Haiku and
vide feedback, add useful and interesting sites is designed for Grade 7 and up. (Haiku is a
and succes
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ricular resource links, developing research


skills and strategies, collaborative learning

ground on Haiku and a blending of Web activities and writing. It is beautifully organized
projects, communications technologies and and has links to Haiku sites that include the
professional growth and mentorship. In addi- auxiliary information teachers need to ensure
tion, there is the list of links for parents, students get the most out of the experience.
kindergarten to grade 12 e-zines (the name for
One of the best strands is the section on
Internet magazines), virtual field trip sites for researching and using the Web. It teaches stuAlberta zoos, art and science museums -and dents and teachers how to use the Web for
parks, and a guide to Internet references from research. Just as importantly, it provides suggesBig Foot to the Canadian Yellow Pages.
tions for'evaluating sites, which is something
Kids, teachers and parents who do not that should be in core curriculum for computer
know where to start will find this a lifesaver. use, and how to bookmark them for future use.
The database of Internet sites listed in 2Learn
Teachers with little computer experience
is also searchable.
will appreciate 2Learn as a veritable bible on
Each of the five strands has three facets: a Internet use for educators. Site developers

sive joh shill of the PC nnd major LANI/WAN systems as well as industry/
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mentoring and communication within the

Se
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cocoon of their school or classroom with limited opportunities to share and receive ideas
for successful classroom activities. The latter
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Other strands provide the information
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According to Catherine Kullman, one of
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Staging the jump

then volunteering is an important option. It


provides experience that can lead to a job and
demonstrates they are using free time conbolts. Clausi operates an email newsletter, structively. Resumes are equally important for
which can berequested by schools and stu- volunteer jobs.
dents at raclausl@math,uwaterloo.ca.
Other activities can demonstrate that a
The Faculty of A p plied Science and student is involved in more than the 9 a.m. to
Engineering at the University of Toronto
3 p.m. academic requirement. While sports
sponsors th e Da Vi n c i Co m p etition teams pr drama clubs are the norm, computer
ihiip://www.eci.toronto.edu/apse/davinci/). This science, math, science or even robotics groups
contest targets future engineering students are starting to appear. Many of these support
and contains questions frotn physics, chem- participation in contests and competitions but
istry and mathematics. Like the Waterloo contests, awards and scholarships can be won,
and participation is important for prospective
applicants to these schools,
Organizers believe grades don't tell the
entire story and these contests measure a student's ability to apply knowledge from a variety of disciplines. Good scores enhance a student's application, while a poor score has a
neutral effect.
Continaeif front page29

T ECHNQI.QG V I N

others exist j u s t t o ex p an d i n t erest.


Membership is a way of showing teens are
developing interests that relate to possible
future areas of study.
But what if your school does not have the
desired club. 'I'he Web is a great place to look
for mentoring and stimulation. In math, Ask

EDUCATIQN

Ed's Prograrruning Contest Problem Archive at

hltp://reality.sgi.corn/karrels engr/ACM/index,
html. It
a lso has l inks t o o t h e r s ites and t h e
Programming Contest I'roblems Archive at
http: //www.inf.bme.hu/contests/tasks,

For robotics, try http: //www.canadafirst.org for

information on the Canadian FIRST Robotics


Dr. Math (http: //forum.swarthrnore.edu/dr.math/dr- competition for high school students and
math. html) provides numerous links, problems Science Wave, an Internet content featuring
from kindergarten to college levels and men- math and science for middle school students. 3
toring.
For computer programming problems, see Rod Laruirand contributed B.C. statistics to this article.

om U r rainin at

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SEPTEMBER
1998 THE COMPUTER PAPER GREATERTORONTO EDITION www.tcp.ca

EDUCATION

So you wanna be a techie?

izing their young as well. According to Jim


Delgrande, the director of Simon Fraser
University's Computer Sciences department,

Continued from page 2I

MHx

$1,409

should enroll only in institutions registered

sr,459

300MHx
333MH

$1,5%

';giII<

intel Pentiumll processor with AS@' Technology

QDI Legend ATX M.B.(Intel LX chip)(233-333MHz)pegglum'I


32 MB 168 pins SD RAM, 512K cache
Western Digital 3.2GB hard drive (UDMA)

Panasonic 1.44 MB floppy drive


ATI 3D Charger (Rage IIC) 4 MB AGP video card
Acer 56K internal fhx/modem/voice V.90, PCI
Acer 15" CRT monitor 54E N.I..28

Medium ATX tower case


Mitsumi 104 keys PS2 keyboard, PS2 mouse / pad
Panasonic 24X speed EIDE CD ROM
Creative Lab Sound Blaster 16, 80 watts PMPO amp. speakers
e

IP

s1,889

266MHx
300MHz

IIIfel.

$1,939
$1,989

333MHz

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Intel Pentiumll processor with MMX Technology pen/jamI

ASUS P2L97 ATX M.B.(htel LX chip)(233-333MHz)


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Western Digital 4.3 GB hard drive (UDMA)


Panasonic 1.44 MB floppy drive
ATI Xpert WORK (Range Pro) 4MB AGP video card
Acer 56K internal fax/ modem voice V.90, PCI
*Ifewsonlc G771 17" CRT monitor (1280 x 1024) N.I..27

Medium ATX tower case


Keytronic 104 keysPS2 keyboard, LoNltechPS2 mouse/ pad
Panasonic 24X speedEIDE CD ROM, Microphone
Creative Lab S.B. AWE64,200 watts PMPO amp. speakers
* Downgrade to Acer17" CRT monitor 76C.27 LESS $80

266VHx
300MHx

$2,379

350MHx
4CN MHx

$2639
$2949

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ASUS P2B ATX motherboard (Intel BX chip) (233450 MHz)


64 MB PC100SD Ram 7ns, 5 12K cache

Western Digital 6.4 GB harddrive (UDMA)


Panasonic 1.44 MB floppy drive
ATI 3D XPERT 98 AGP 8MB video card
USRobotics 56K internal fax/modem,V.90
BesrsonicP775 17"CRT monitor (1600x1280)N.I.25
Medium ATX tower case
Keytronic PS2 keyboard, Logitech PS2 First Mouse / Wheel
Panasonic 32X speed EIDE CD ROM
Creative Lab Sound Blaster AWE64
IN
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microphone, 200 watts PMPO amplify speakers ~ ~ R H Z
e Downgrade to Viewsonic 17" CRT monitor G771 .27 LESS $180
LESS $280
Acer 17" CRT monitor 76C.27

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money. Buyer beware.


Another danger that few will discuss is
the alleged practice of promising more than
can be delivered. The president of an
Internet design agency in Western Canada,
(who did not want to be named) says one job
applicant claimed to have been promised
$80,000 a year job opportunities upon
course completion.

four-year degree if the candidate is looking


forward to moving up the ladder into management," says Brown.
The B.C. Technology Industry Association
pegs the median wage for high-tech employees

Pay day

If you don't have the right ticket you might


want to get it. Federal Industry Minister

school education or hands' experience is


enough. However, there is no substitute for a

in B.C. at $40,627 per year. Not bad consider-

ing this includes employees whether they have


a degree, diploma or simply a job in the field.
Missed opportunities

Neither companies nor individual will come

right out and say what they are paying or


being paid, but it is possible to guess. The
Ainerican recruitment company BridgeGate
LLC, works with both American and
Canadian companies.Spokesman Dudley
Brown notes that technology managers can

generally expect to move into higher salary


ranges than technologists with no management potential. "Thereis a salary barrier at
about $60,000 for technologists and at the
$80,000 level for management in most cases,"
says Brown. He is talking about American dollars. In fact, while Canadians are trying to
recruit from Eastern Europe, among other
places, America is recruiting from Canada.

Manley offered two more thoughts in his


speech: First, in 1996, the unemployment rate
for people with a post-secondary education
degree was five percent
about half the
national average. For people with a high
school diploma or less, it was 15 percent.

Second, people who graduate from universities, community colleges and vocational
schools enjoy incomes 45percent higher than
those with high school or less.
You get what you pay for
In the end it seems there are opportunities but

there are no quick fixes. There are jobsavailable but the best paying ones have the most

Michael Davies, dean of electrical and com- requirements. The best advice is to be sure
puter engineering at the University of British there is a need for the skill you are interested

in learning. The human resources departments of Canadian companies don't mind


telling you their minimum requirements for a
position or the types of people they are most

is taking our graduates, "Canadiansare particularly desirable becausethey share the cultural attributes of their American cousins.

If you do have the right credentials there


are places to offer your services.The Canadian
Technology HumanResourcesBoard (CTHRB),
along with CATA hasset up a databaseto pro-

Romania hasgreat programmersbecausethey


have great mathematics programs. Canada vide information to CATA and its members on
more than 60,000 skilled engineering and
has great programmersthat speak English."
Not only are companies reaching around applied science technicians and technologists
the world to fill positions, they are cannibal- (http: //www.technoskill.corn). 0

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BridgeGate's Brown confirms that the U.S. interested in hiring.

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HWY 7

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':2

SEPTEMBER
1998 THE COMPUTER PAPER GREATERTORONTO EDITION www.tcp,ca

%l .
eke

ow important is your computer and its another one: How much would it cost you if

In last month's cover

story, The Secure Computer,


we dealt primarily with

annoyance?

and final part of this fea-

Takethe analogy of owning a house.You

if a manipulative psycho befriends your

slip on the icy steps and sue you for a $1 mil-

daughter via an online gaming chat connec-

lion, but if any of those things happened and

As a good, habitually over cautious

immune from a variety of

tiiat system due to a virus or vandalism, or


the theft or destruction of critical information

Canadian, you would almost instinctively


take some basic precautions to make your

other threats,

on your network server by a competitor cost


you your job?
For most of us, these possibilities seem
very remote, as hypothetical as having a serious car accident or being struck by lightning.

How much could it hurt?

http:t/www.treasure-will.corn

The best way to answer that question is to ask

forbid, something does go wrong; These


would include an insurance policy on damages to the house, and perhaps personal injury

liability even life insurance on your mortgage so if you die your surviving family won' t

doors and windows (and use them at night or

E-Mail: info@treasure-will.corn

,k'k

home safe and reduce your liability if, God

Do you or I really need to worry about securi- have to worry about making the payments.
As well, you probably have locks on the
ty on our home or business computers?
when you are out). You may even have all
Continued onpage 64
August 16, 1$30

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PENTIUM II SYSTENI
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tion, and persuades her to run off to Idaho you were uninsured, you would be bankrupt.
with him? Suppose you depend on a comput-

ee

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your name, ruining your credit rating? What be carried off by a tornado, or for a visitor to

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for safer computing.

on making your computer

Computer Hardware & Systems


lIarkham - Greater Toronto Area - Canada

However, if. the answer is "quite a lot,n


then you should take a few moments to plan

mation when you order geranium seeds

By Jeff Evans

f N 7 f R P R I$ f $ L 7 O

much," then maybe yqu should just relax and


go back to playing Tomb Raider.

Well, what if some scam artist lurking on


the Internet intercepts your credit card infor-

broader issues and advice

TreaSure-I

the worst possible catastrophe happened to


your computer system? If the answer is snot

encryption. In the second

ture, we present some

data to your life? Even if all you do is


play games and chat about gardening
via the Internet, what could go wrong with
your computer that would be more than an

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FIC512 K
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C INEI rewrltsble IRicoh) $ 4 7 9 UBRobotlsssK bm
Video card
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15n SamSung 5009 $245
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17 nAcer 76e $415
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Corel's quandary:
profit vs interestingproducts ....TE-6

THE
COMPUTER
PAPER'S

DynamicWeb

:-;.The Electric Mail Co'mpan'y Inc,;has


: announced
"that its .flagship Hectric
/
.In ierConnect"sc'rvi'cb' is' nriw fully" compat-'"'
"ible with aH.leading LAN-based email sys-.

demands new tools..... . . . . . TE-'l1

and is in use at customer sites using .'


f, /Lotus 'Notes,: CC:Mail, . Microsoft:;:Mail,

ctosoft '::;. :Exchange '.; .a'nd;";.-:>5IovcH '


"GtoupWisc'.sys/tcrris..:-:,:: .
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SEPTE
MBER1998

TECHNOLOGYSOLUTIONSFORBUSINESSINCANADA
.;t''com
p
a
n
y
.
'
;
:.
Intcroperable between different-LAN
:.'~email systems,' Hlearic InterConnect elim-:

:-':inates the need for complex SMTP gate:iiways and'dramatlcaHy reduces the cost of

',"cunncctIng single. or multiple efnail., Sys-

i eocon erencing enters

/ 'the.internet.: ' "": '-. '. " "' -.':.!'=.':.":;-';:;::


i':'te'ms: to
'. Businesses'j;; utilizing, the H e c t ric
,:;InterConnect service also receive automat-

the mainstream

I::i'c, spam filtering at no extra charge. AH:


By Geof Wheelwright

' ;;incoming messages are filtered at t h e :


>Eectric Mai1 Co. distribution hub using
~/.'several industry-proven tools for detecting

ideoconferencing has finally come oF age. In


the last 10 years, it has evolved from an expensive technology available only to large corporations into something that even small business users
can take advantage of for less than $500.
As a result, the variety of videoconferencing systems has grown tremendously, as has the number of
applications to which it can be applied.

'-.'and discirding unsolicited commercial


~:bulk emaiL ':: '."
:

CC |:OCC CIQ

i",::",:-;-", Electric InterConnea requires a dedi-:


jcated Windows 95 or NT system on the
, and suppor'ts either a modem or
;~dedicated Internet connection. Base price
<for the service is US$110 per month for

'20 ~ s plus m mitid set-up fce

Wanted: bandwidth
One of the traditional challenges to holding a videoconference has been in finding a connection with
enough bandwidth to move all the video and audio at
<'ltttegiated.siytrer for"sIItalI businesses
speeds high enough to allow you to see moving images
"Microsoft
Cotp.
'$AN JOSECalif, (NB) cand Ager America Corp. have unvaled a,. and properly hear voices.
With Internet conneaion speeds of 56Kbps now
<joint small business server solution.
r'''-,."'Acct.America announced, thc launch of
available over standard phone lines and even higher
-:;the AcctAl<os $maH Busirtcss. Server,,that.:: speeds available through integrated services data networks (ISDN), asynchronous digital subscriber lines
"aims to'pr'ovid'e maHbu'sinesseswith a PC,
' server ''thar:." integrates:" hardware with
(ADSL) or cable modem conneaions it is now Feasible to videoconference over the Net.
( Intcrneti Web arid conrnlufilcatlons soft-:
The hardware you will need is a recently produced
".ware. Acer s'ays rhe system is designed to
,':;:serve the, PC. server needybf,$OHOs " high-speed modem, a relatively new sound card that
'-''(smaH-'
oficcfhome"office user'sJised, as',. supports full duplex speech (so that you can listen and
". larger p'rofess'ionaI businesses, such as law ' talk at the same time ), a video capture card and a
;:@ ...-.Tel: 800-419-7483 Emait: ittto@eiectric,Set
'j;:;~@@..' httti:I/ww.eie/ctrIc,ttet,,:,-,.

',,'.or. architeaural 6rmsthat have from two

;is'';,",: The system~om piisc'1 of:M'lc'rosoft ':


( LtckQfftce Small Business Server 4,0 and
eithe AccrAltos 330 entry-levd server is
'."designed to. enable businesses m set up
I4shop dnth Internet, run their own Web

' site, communicate with email and group-,'.


/

ware, fax-on-demand, 'and Ieverage net-''


/

" The serv'crs him an'ihteg/rated 'a'u/ to-';.

) scnsiflg sysEcm clock to Opttmlxc the'sclv ',.

j,er s'-'IfpctIFQ
+ c@cc, for;:,: tnaxtmup:::,ttus,.'"
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',: ing from 266 MHz-tn':450'MHz"with:;
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:path":&d 'e "thrc'e-'p'ltt-'-IMMM 'socket"-': -;::-';:w"..',;~:.',.'4!:"I'


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Continued onpage TE4

., to 25 computers...'

.;Speeds ..k5:;:.RQto-'scitsIAg:-"25IIW;,"p6@ct'r

aP"P~~! If@

.'

VAt'ai%

Legal implications of Year 2IZ


r eadinessinquiries
presents chaHcnging technical, businCss, arid legal issues fj.
;; with significant ramification / For organiptions oF all""'!j/>

4k~ w a -.k@"'iei:~si s M @ & s'"'/'i w~i'kM

e Year 2000 (Y2K) .Bug -is,- a simple-'"...,-,


-: !Iiroblem with i complex solution'. The "'
,::~;Cattadian Govcrnrnentts Task Force Ycii"'-::
2000 has warned: "The imphcations of' the Year
2000 computer problem...are extremely serious
and may occurin every aspect of'business opera,tions.. . N o business is immune, every firm is
affected either directly in its own operations, or
indirealy by the action or inaction of others." Y2K,.

'

' ~-:,'" sizes and tjji k Organiktion's'thar" faH/to''stddrc'Ssthok~re

~+mues in a timey manner.tnay face scrjous business con-."


'4 S'equcnce'sand sigttifica'nt legal rIsks'.arid tiabiiliucs,': 'Yi'.

"

':~~':.,:.Y2K inquiries ."'- =::.::'~=


~ '-":::<;=':~-~!-.-::~ - ' ~ - ' 4'=-'-.;-'-:
'-

'-=.

~~ M any ofgatuzations afc,'4%utng, YZK lnqinfes to'/ bust/'


-">I;"'-"tice-"partnctisnd::uthtss/ : upon wh6m they depe
n d for

Coiitiii u edos'Page 7M'

gg~

AUGUST 1998 THE COMPUTER PAPER GREATER


TORONTO EDITION www.tc .ca

TE C H ENTERPRISE

Canada to require fiscal report of Y2K readiness


By Martin Stone

of the seven leading economic countries) to


require financial statement disclosures relat-

companies, both public and private, are now


required to highlight in their financial stateTORONTO {NB) The Canadian Institute ing to Y2K preparedness.
ments the fact that they may experience probo f' Chartered Accountants (CICA) h a s
Michael H. Rayner, CICA president and lems relating to the Y2K Bug.
released accounting and auditing guidelines member of Industry Canada's Task Force Year
The bug is
expected to create some comon the Year 2000 ( Y2K) issue, making 2000, said that, under authority from the puter Failures on and afterJan. I, 2000.
Canada the first country in the G7 (a group Canadian Accounting Standards Board, all
"The Year 2000 issue poses an immediate

and significant challenge to businesses around


the world. Through appropriate financial
statement disclosure, these new guidelines
will ensure that the public investor is aware of
the issue," Rayner said,
The accounting guideline provides a balanced approach to disclosures about the Y2K
issue, he said. It discusses the nature and
extent of Y2K information that an entity may
wish to disclose, and the most appropriate
vehicle for doing so. In particular, it sets out
financial statement disclosure requirements
for two specific circumstances, the institute

said,

Other Internet service providers


offer unlimited plans. You don' t.

Why should I choose Interlog?


Our years of experience providing fast and reliable Internet service have
taught us that "unlimited" access usually means "limited" and more costly
service to the client. That's why we believe that no ISP's "unlimited" pricing
structure has anywhere near the flexibility from the customer's point of view
that Interlog's pricing grid offers.

Interlog's most popular plan is the "Silver" account, which offers 45 hours a
month (that's an average of nearly 90 minutes every day) for a reasonable
$15.00. Our "Gold" Plan, by contrast, offers an average four hours of access
a day for $25.00. Most of our dial-up customers find one of these two plans
appropriate, but if your needs change, you can scale back or upgrade to
other plans without penalty or fee. Interlog's plans reflect what experience
tells us customers use in reality, not in a marketer's fantasy.

At lnterlog, we deliver the reliable..


"50t'Vi
Zk'5rtd piailt-Ertglish:stjpport ".,
' ,:

~~%

kiCerntng buyers Ofcliiterttet iCCeiS - .


t

detnand. To get mori information';-:


oil'oui".'I(lial-u j servtces, 5f.- to speak':' :!'-'..~Ma.tt .."PX&i 8

'With-one qf oui'expet r iejCjd jylj, t :


*
representatives,-.ialf (4 l6) 920-2655
.

tnterlog~k'

or imkto wwvtr.''

veew.interlog.corn
(416) 920-2655, ext. 3000
1075 Bay St., Toronto, dN MSS 2Bl

In normal situations, there is a minimum


requirement For financial statements to disclose the uncertainty the Y2K issue causes for
future financial results. Such uncertainty disclosure, normally beyond the scope of financial statements, is required because ol the pervasiveness of the issue, its potential to cause
significant systems Failures, and the fact that it
will impact all entities at approximately the
same time.
H owever,
a more precise disclosure statement is required when management determines that the entity's ability to continue as a
going concern is jeopardized because of noncompliance to Y2K. In that event, the financial statements will provide explicit disclosure
of the problem, according to the organizaoon.
As well as these minimum disclosure
requirements, companies are encouraged to
disclose qualitative information about the
Y2K issue in annual reports or other communications with shareholders and other stakeholders, said Rayner.
Rayner stressed that the requirement applies
only to companies filing financial statements
under the terms of the General Agreement on

Trade and TarifF {GATT), but added that banks,


stock exchanges and other financial institutions
may soon also require similar disclosures.
He added that, even if a company feels it is
Y2K compliant, it will need to state that because,
if somewhere along the supply chain an entity is
unprepared, problems may be experienced. He
Further stated that it may be "legally unwise" For
a company to daim to be Y2K ready because of
the potential failure of a supplier.
Copies of these new guidelines, together
with the CICA's other Year 2000 publications, are available on the CICA Web site.
The CICA, together with the provincial
and territorial institutes of chartered accountants, represent a membership of 60,000
professional accountants in C anada and
Bermuda, The CICA sets accounting and
auditingstandards forbusiness, not-for-profit organizations and government. It issues
guidance on control and governance, publishes professional literature, develops continuing education programs and represents
the CA profession nationally and interna-

tionally. 0
Contact: CICA httpi/www.cica.ca

TECH ENTERPRISE ggg

THE COMPUTER PAPER GREATERTORONTO EDITION www.tcp.ca SEPTEMBER 1998

Videoconferencing: coming soon to a PC near you


f you ran a small- to medium-size business, would you he interested in videoc onferencing? My g uess is t hat y o u
wouldn' t. It still sounds too much like a geewhiz technology relevant only to big corporations
wit h
branch o f f i c es
distributed across
the planet. However, you' ll discover as you read
i ssue o F T e ch
Enterprise t h at
p roponents o f
videoconferenci ng ar e t r y i n g
very hard to make it a technology that any
business can use to its advantage.
I say "trying" because we' re not quite
there yet, although we' ve made considerable
progress in clearing the technological hurdles. In the '70s, as a university student, I
worked on a research project called "the
wired city," an early exploration into the
world of videoconferencing. The metaphor
that defined videoconferencing then was
television. The wired city consisted of a
number of rooms wired together to Form an
interactive closed-circuit TV system. And in
Fact, each room simulating a d i fferent
location within a city looked a bit like a
T V s t u d i o/control r o o m . Ea c h wa s
equipped with a Iew TV monitors, and a
TV camera. The technicians were TV technicians.
As with so many other technology-based

briefing a couple of months ago, we were We saw plans for a North American-style
taken on a tour of Aspire Park. Aspire Park subdivision, and we also saw some of the
is the vision of Accr chief executive officer single-family homes already under construcStan Shih and wife Caroline for an integrat- tion. Along with choosing the color oF the
ed technology community o f t h e 2 1 st interior walls, outer cladding and roofing
Century, where people work, play and live. materials, home purchasers also had the

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Formed our thinking on the subject, while also


reducing the cost of entry to a point where it
became affordableto anyone who wanted to
try it out. Last year, in The Comparer Paper's
feature on videoconferenring, we tested a
number of systems that, for less than $500,
transformed a PC into a videoconferencing
node. Meanwhile although serious bandwidth limitations still need to be resolvedthe Internet holds promise of providing the

Heads/Disks

basic communications i n frastructure that

could allow people with Internet service to


hold a videoconference.
The other area where we' ve progressed is
in thc psychological comfort we feel seeing
ourselves on a TV monitor. In the wired
city project of the '70s, heing in front of the
TV camera was still a novelty for most people. As a result, people reacted to the mere
fact of seeing themselves on a TV screenwith embarrassment, delight or general discomfort. Today, we are a camcorder culture,
and seeing ourselves on TV as part of a
home movie is quite common. It's not a big
stretch to be an effective videoconference
participant.
Interestingly, videoconferencing is similar to the concept of the video phone, which
may be closer to reality than we realize.
When I was in Taiwan on an Acer media

! 2.1

,4/2

i10
AverageSeeklime (ms)
DataTransferRate(MB/sec)
To/FromBuffer

3.2 4.3
4/2 l4/2
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UHra DNA
33.3 33.3 ' 33.3 33.3 ' 33.3 '33.3 33.3 3U
Buffer Size(KB)
128 1 28 ;512 512 5 1 2 5 1 2 512 512
RotationalSpeed(RPM)
5,400 5,400;, 5,400 5,400 5,400 5,400 5,400 5,400
Warranty (yeors)
3
3
3
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3
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Winner Series V oyager 4 Series
Vcrya
ger%Series

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Speed
Interface
Data TransferRate(sustained)
Access
Time 1/3 stroke (ms)
Buffer Memory(KB)
SupportedDisc
Warranty (year)

'24X

I32X
ATAPI
(HDE) ATAPI (E-IDE)

3.6MB/sec 4 . 8MB/sec
90
:80
'512
',512
' CDUA CD
RON Photo CDNultisesslon,

I I.R(IN/XA,
CDEXTRA, CDR, CD.RW
'1
I

SimplySamsung.
www.samsungcanada.corn

option of buying an integrated video phone.


When enough people buy into this, every
phone call will have the potential to be a
video call.
David Tanaka
Editor

gg~

SEPTEMBER
1998 THE COMPUTER PAPER GREATERTORONTO EDITION www.tcp.ca

TECH ENT ERPRI SE

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Videoconferencing
Continued frow pnge 1
digital video camera suitable For videoconferencing, Oh, and you will need a PC with a
fairamounr of processing power and a 32-bit
versionof Microsoft Windows operating system (a system with a 100 MHz Pentium CPU
running Windows 95 or Windows 98 as a
basic minimum).
Although it is also possible to do Internerb ased v i deoconferencing w i t h A pp l e
Macintosh-based systems, this feature will
deal principally with Windows-based implementations simply because Windows is by far
the most common platform.
As for software, users of most new
Windows-based PCs will find thai their computers come equipped with a built-in conferencing system in the form o f M i crosoft
NetMeeting. I t c o mes with M i c rosoft's
Internet Explorer Web browser, and is part of
the built-in Web browser technology in
Windows 98. Assuming you have a videoconferencing kit (or you assemble one by adding
the components mentioned above) and have
an account with an Internet service provider
(ISP), you are ready to go with a product such
as NetMeeting 2.1.
Your first challenge may be in finding
someone withwhom you can have a videoconference. The ideal scenario is that you and
a business associate, friend or relative in different cities or even different countriescan simplyeach buy one of the dozens of relatively low-cost videoconference kits and then
arrange to meet over the Internet.
Assuming you both use NetMeeting, the
process is pretty simply. You either "dial" the
other person by typing their email ID into the
"call" box in NetMeeting or you select their

ence is the size of the data "pipe" down which


the sound and images travel. If you have only
a 28.8Kbps modem, Forexample, then you
are likely to see a succession of still images
instead oF full-motion video.
The faster the connection, theoretically
the better your videoconference. Remember,
however, that the connection will only be as
fast as the slowest connection. If you have an
8 Mb/sec. ADSL connection but you connect
with someone who has a 56Kbps modem on
a standard phone line, the connection will be
no faster than if both parties had 56 Kbps
modems.
But it's also important not to get too hung
up on the "video" of Internet-based videoconferencing as it may be the least useful aspect
of this technology. Sharing data files "live" via
NetMeeting may turn out to be more productive than a videoconference. While it is
certainly lots of fun, unless you have a highspeed connection and a relatively good cameras at both ends, you may find the novelty of
videoconferencingsoon wears off.
But as a fun way of seeing far-off colleagues, Friends or family "live" without the
price of a plane ticket, it is hard to beat even
with limited video quality and jerky move-

neous audio, video and data collaboration,


allowingusersto see and hear the remote person with whom they are talking, while sharing applications or discussing documents
rhrough an "electronic whiteboard."

It's Mom, calling from Paris

For those who have a hard time seeing how


this might be used, turn to the ever-popular
computer industry cliche of the busy executive who uses it For videoconferences with
business colleagues, as well as keeping in
touch with loved ones thousands of miles
away. A little real-world testing suggests this is
entirely possible with several caveats.
First, it means you and your spouse
and/or children will both have to have PCs
with videoconferencing kits and be connected
to the Internet during the call. Given the
sometimes complex nature of establishing an
Internet connection (particularly on older
systems) and the cost in some countries, this
alone may be a significant barrier.
And iF you are calling your children and
plan to do so using one of the many videoconFerence "directories" (this is a list of' all
people who are "online" with a video connection and ready to establish a connection at
any given moment), you may want to think
ments.
again.
Unfortunately, it appears the intrepid pioNotebook vldeoconferenclng
If you have anotebook computer on your neers oF the video sex trade discovered
business trip (and who is allowed to leave the Internet videoconferencing long before the
office these days without one?), you can now rest of us. Therefore, if you are scrolling
buy a portable videoconferencing kit. This through a list of people online to find the
allows you to hold a videoconference whenev- name of your beloved spouse, you may find it
er and wherever you can hook up your note- sandwiched between Big Jim and Lovely
book. While these kits don't offer the same Lucinda, each of who will be making lewd
quality or flexibility as a professional video- appeals for you to join their video chat.
And God forbid you mistakenly set up
conferencing suite, they are convenient to use
From your hotel room or a client's office, with your videoconferencesystem to "accept all
name From a list of people currently online either a standard telephone line or Internet incoming calls." You may find yourself suddenly participating in the kind of videoconand available For videoconferencing. If you connection.
choose the latter option, beware that you
These systems typically cost around $500 ference that would be more appropriate in a
may find your name wedged in between a lot and consist of a small digital video camera red light district than your hotel room or your
of moresalacious videoconference opportu- and an interface adapter (allowing you to
home office.It'
s the kind of videoconference
nities.
connectthe camera via a creditcard-sized PC
you can probably do without!
Once you place the call, the receiving Card inserted into the notebook's PC Card
Rent a conference
parry will be notified by an on-screen alert slot or printer port). The kits also come with
Perhaps you don't want to haul a portable
that avideoconference call has come in for the appropriate driver software and one of
computer
and videoconferencing kit around.
them and they can accept or decline it.
several standard videoconferencing software
Or
you
may
simply want something that proAssuming you are calling someone you applications.
vides
better
quality than an Internet-based
know and that they are expecting your
There are one or two uses for such a lowvideoconference.
A service bureau or business
call they will accept and you can begin talk- cosr package. It is cheaper than booking a
centre
could
be
what
you need. A growing
ing and looking at one another.
videoconference suite for a single meeting. It
number
of
such
operations
now provide
also allows For more spontaneous videoconvideoconference
facilities.
ferencing, and it operates over a standard
It may be neat, but Is It good?
Prices vary widely depending on which
Two major technology issues will have an phone line.
bureau
you use, and in which countries you
IBM, Toshiba, Compaq and other PC
impact on the quality of your call. The first is
connect
with to conference. Typically bureaus
makers offervideoconference kits as options
the qualit
y ofyour videoconference camera.
Many videoconference cameras are fairly with their premium notebooks. We had an provide professional-quality capabilities with
basic, with a simple manual, ring-turn focus opportunity t o t est t h e l atest Compaq excellent sound, full motion video, high-resosystem that does not allow For easy zooming Armada with its Portable Video Conferencing lution images and all the tilt, pan and zoom
capabilities you would expect.
or panning. Such cameras typically offer lim- Kit.
One of the pioneers in this area is the
The kit, which sells for $772, Features a
ited resolution of 640x480 pixels. If the image
Kinko's
chain of office service operations. The
is fuzzy with poor color and limited resolu- small, high-resolution color camera and is
company
says its 155 videoconferencing
tion, don't expect it to be transformed into a powered through a 32 bit "CardBus" interface
suites
worldwide
are used by businesses of all
broadcast-quality signal when you send it
(using the notebook computer's PC Card slot,
types
and
sizes
for
open Forums, talking to
thus eliminating the need for power cables
over the Internet.
vendors,
new
business
prospects or colleagues
If you are confident that you have a good and adapters for the camera). It is designed to
camera (such as a commercialcamcorder be compatible with Microsoft NetMeeting in different cities. The company also provides
hooked up to a video capture card), then the 2.0 and 2.1. Compaq says the portable video- a special "graphics camera" to help videoconContinued on page18
second big hurdle to an Internet videoconfer- conferencing kit supports real-time simulta-

TECH ENTERPRISE g

THE COMPUTERPAPER GREATERTORONTO EDITION www.tcp.ca SEPTEMBER 1998

@g

Merrill Lynch says Y2I4 no Armageddon


By Craig Menefee
NEW YORK (NB) Merrill Lynch has
announced a worldwide study of the Year
2000 (Y2K) Bug that concludes the widely
publicized predictions by Y2K gurus of network failures, plane crashes and other computer-related unnatural disasters are, in a
word, overblown. It just won't get that bad,
the ML researchers declare.
"Most companies have been working on
their Y2K projects for two years and there are
one and a half years left," says the 450-page
report, released in early July. "Microsof't,
Latin America and communism all changed
radically in a lot less time."
Speaking for the Merrill Lynch Global
Securities Research Bc Economics group that
did the study, Sharon Gamsin told Newsbytes,
"We think this is the first time any brokerage
firm, or probably anyone at all, has taken such
an in-depth, wide-ranging look at how prepared corporations are around the world."
She continued, "One of theconclusions
we came away with and it seems obvious, in
a sense is that the more complicated a
process is, the more likely there will be glitches. But when you begin to talk with 3,000
companies around the world, you find that
most have been working on this issue for at
leasttwo years.They have another year and a
half to work on it, and most of the major corporations around the world believe they are
going to be ready for it."
"There won'tbe a domino effect,because
there are lots of switches throughout the system that will put on brakes," said Merrill
L ynch analyst Jeanne G. T e rrile, w h o
authored the overview of the report.

Terrile said the result of glitches, which the


report acknowledges as inevitable, will be worsened by current management practices like
just-in-time inventory management and outsourcing. Such practices leave companies more
vulnerable to crises outside their own walls.

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The report cites the relative grace with which


society from huge corporations down to home
businesses handled complete outages recently at
both AT8cT and America Online. They muddled through without panic, and ML saysthat
reinforces its condusion that there will be no
global meltdown when some computers refuse
to handle dates correcdy past Dec. 31, 1999.
The very complexity that some say will
make the system vulnerable is the system's
best hedge against disaster, say the report
authors. "Our own view is that the very complexity and dispersion of these systems is, in
fact, insurance against a complete shutdown
of commerce when the millennium starts,"
the report says.

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SEPTEMBER
1998 THE COMPUTER PAPER GREATERTORONTO EDITION www.tcp.ca

TE C H EMTERPRISE

Corel's quandary: profit vs interesting products


By Geof Wheelwright

orel Corporation president, chief executive ofFicer and founder Michael


Cowpland likes to be a winner, yet he
doesn't seem to mind backing a few losers
now and then as long as they put up a good
fight. You only have to look ar the Ottawa
Senators
N HL
hock e y tea m and
Cowpland's sponsorship of the Corel Centre,
where the team plays all of its home gamesto know the depth of this conviction.
As an avid sports enthusiast, Cowpland
watched the Senators eke out a playoff spot
this year in the race to win the Stanley Cup,
but then fail to make it past the early days of

this machine with the Unix-like Linux operating system (Red Hat 4.2) and is marketing
variations of i t t o d i fFerent sectors. The

Legal Impllcatlons of Year 2K


Continued from page7

NetWinder uses the RISC-based 275 MHz


(250 MIPS) StrongARM microproces-

their ongoing operations. This exchange of


information regarding the Y2K compliance of
products and systems and the Y2K preparedness
of business partners is an essential part of a Y2K
preparedness program.
Y2K inquiries and responses serve a number
of legitimate purposes:
raising Y2K awareness and encouraging business parmers and others to address Y2K problems in a timely manner;
obuining information regarding the Y2K compliance of products and systems acquired in the
past and to be acquired in the future; and
obuining information regarding business partners' Y2K preparedness.

sor. This chip was originally developed in the United Kingdom by


Acorn Computer and later codeveloped with Olivetti and Apple
Computer. It has been used in a
wide variety of non-Windows-based
computers in the past eight years.
The systems will be available
with 32 or 64 MB of

te

the playofF race in June.


Cowpland is now busy making sure the
same fate doesn't befall Corel itself: The corporation has been struggling over the past
year since entering a head-to-head battle with
M icrosoft C o r p . by acqu i r in g the
WordPerfect word-processing,spreadsheet,
database, and graphics suite of products.
While Corel "made the playofFs" with relatively strong sales for its f irst round of
upgrades to the Corel WordPerfect Suite in
the summer of 1996, it was soon blown away
by the release and subsequent huge success of
Microsoft Office 97. It is a blow from which
Corel has yet to fully recover.

Deep, necessary cuts


Like an NHL general manager "shaking up
the bench" to achieve better performanceand lower the team payroll Cowpland
announced in June that the company is shutting down the Orem, Utah engineering centre
where WordPerfect has been designed and
built since its creation more than a decade

and peripherals that 1'I or I ~

p .atI

woulcl be t ypically ~'Prestdettt eodchief executive officer, gicheet .<",=.;,-';


port, i n frared port,
1 6-bit s o und, a n d
The N e t W inder
WS i s w ha t C o re l
advertises as an "out of
the box Web server. It
ships with Linux 2.0.X
a nd Apache H T T P
1.2.6 server software.
The NetWinder DM

Date incorporated: 1985

Revenue:
filet sales of $83mtlon for second ',"' '::
quarter of fiscal 1998ending May31, 1998, ...;,:,;,,'
So f tware products: Include CorelDrew, Corel' .;"" ".
W o rdPerfect Suite, Corel Ventura, Coret Print
H o use INegic end Coret Pnut Office

Hardwareproducts: CorelNetWInderline of network computersdevelopedbyCoral Computer, a


subsidiary alsobasedin Ottawa

'

Y2K inquiries and responses may also havesignificant legal consequences. They may shift the risk
of Y2K problems and establish a basis for future
legal claims, such as breach of conuact, negligent
or fiaudulent misrepresentation, and breach of
duty to warn. Y2K responses may also establish a
basis for defences to future claims, such as the
defence of failure to mitigate. Accordingly, it is crucial that Y2K inquiries and responses be prepared
in a cateful and thoughtful manner, pursuant to an
established protocol, and with the benefit of legal
and technical advice.

Tel:813-728-3733.http://~.corel.corn
platform. A third vari'
Disclosure nsks and benefits
ation, the NetWinder
There are both risks and benefits in disclosing posLC will be out later
sible Y2K problems. Disclosure may disrupt existthis year and will serve as a Linuxing business relationships, hinder new relationbased workstation or small server.
ships,
or provoke lawsuits. On the other hand, a
Cowpland is playing up the
ago.
failure
to make timely Y2K disclosure may have
He says he expects this will save the com- appeal he hopes this computer will
Corel's NetWinder
similar effects or give rise to liability where there is
have
to
those
who
want
systems
that
pany about $33 million a year and will put
more than 500 people out of a job. But after do not make any money For either
suite sector by adding features like voice a legal disclosure obligation.
Disdosure may be seen as agood Eiith attempt
seeing its share value fall by some 80 percent Intel or Microsoft and which allow users to recognition. In M ay, Corel announced a
in the 1997 fiscal year, Cowpland obviously "innovate around a standard" (in this case, deal with D r agon Systems that added to assist business parmers and may result in the
figured he could no longer tolerate this kind Linux).
to
s peech-recognition
fun ct i o n s
timely, consensual resolution of disputes or difficul"The Linuxand Open Source communiof loss.
WordPerfect 8. The speech-recognition add- ties. In addition, giving notice of Y2K problems
"This decision was not taken lightly, ties have enthusiastically responded to the on allows users to dictate to their machines may oblige others to act to minimize the impact
rather with the best interests of our customers announcement of the NetWinder DM and its through a m i crophone and have words
and mitigate the lossesthey may sufFer as a result of
and shareholders in mind," he explained. potential applications," he proclaims.
appear onscreen, rather than having to type
the disdosed Y2K problem (which in turn may
And yet the NetWinder line is not likely words into a document.
"We' llsee increased R8cD synergies across
reduce the magnitude of future claims). Disdosure
to
have
much
of
an
immediate
impact
on
product lines and substantial cost savings
However, Lotus has already embedded
may also encourage others to solve or disclose their
Corel's
bottom
line.
He
admits
the
DM,
for
from this consolidation. h strengthens our
IBM ViaVoice into WordPro in a m i nor
products, strengthens our fiscal outlook and example, is a "development machine" and is upgrade to SmartSuite earlier this year, and own Y2K problems.
designed specifically for the power user, not has added voice capabilities to the Millenium
sets the stage for the next two years."
Under Corel's "consolidation plan," devel- for the high-volume market.
edition of its 1-2-3 spreadsheet application. A disclosure protocol
Cowpland is betting that this combina- Corel appears to be banking on the notion
opment o f
Wor d Perfect, Quattropro,
It is important to establish a protocol for issuing
Presentations and Open-J products will take tion of non-Intel hardware and integrated that Dragon's implementation of speech
and responding to Y2K inquiries in order to
"open source"software (Linux code isin the
place in Canada at Corel's Ottawa office,
recognition, which is widely respected, will
ensure they are made in a proper and consistent
from which Paradox, Ventura, CorelDraw, public domain) will give the NetWinder DM
provide it with an edge, or at least give it par- manner that maximizes benefits and minimizes
some
long-term
viability
as
a
development
Print Office, the Corel Print House Magic
ity with competitors.
risks of additional legal duties, obligations or lialine, Gallery Magic, and Professional Photos tool. During Comdex Canada, Corel was
Where Corel goes from there, however, is
offering
NetWinder
at
prices
beginning
at
less
bilities.
are produced.
very hard to say. Cowpland clearly has a
than $1,000.
The protocol should apply to both issuing and
tough job ahead of him in rebuilding the
responding to Y2K inquiries. It should require
Betting on Llnux
company, which has not made a profit in six
Shoring up the mainstream
The other big decision Cowpland made in
consecutive financial quarters. While the size that all Y2K inquiries and responses be issued by
June was to bring one of his pet projects back In the short term, however, Corel's salvation of the losses are decreasing and the company the person or group responsible for managing the
into the mainstream company kind of like will come from its mainstream product linehas portrayed recent results as "better than
business' Y2K problems. This will help ensure
the
pulling in some talent from the farm team. C orel's g r aphics p r o ducts a n d
predicted," this probably says as much about
inquiries are appropriate, and that responses are
The project in question was a spin-off com- WordPerfect Suite. While CorelDraw and its the level of diminished expectations for Corel
accurate and consistent with previous disdosures.
pany, known as Corel Computer Corp., ded- associated graphics applications are still
as it does about the success of its current
Y2K inquiries may also be made in an informal
icated to creating a "network computer" or strong contenders, the most drastic work
strategy.
manner
or be the subject of routine communicaneeds
to
be
done
on
the
Corel
WordPerfect
"thin dient" product as well as desktop videoTo return to consecutive profitability,
Suite
(which
will
soon
face
yet
another
chaltions
with
customers, business partners, and othconferencingsystems.
Corel may have to dump the biggest drain
ers. Accordingly, all employeesshould be edutmted
The first of Corel Computer's network l enge from Microsoft in the form of t he
on its resources the WordPerfect busiabout Y2K and its technical, business and legal
computer products made its public debut at u coming OfFice 2000 suite). WordPerfect ness and return to being a strong computso faces immediate competition from Lotus, er graphics software company with forays impliGitions, informed about the risks presented
Toronto's Comdex Canada in July. It should
come as no surprise that neither Microsoft which launched its SmartSuite Millenium into other sectors. If not, it needs to find a
by Y2K disclosures, and instructed to respond to
nor Intel will make much money out of this edition in July.
way ofbetterserving the ever-shrinking band
Corel
is
making
some
attempts
to
carve
computer.
of loyal WordPerfect users and of attracting
Known as the NetWinder, Corel is selling out a more identifiable niche for itself in the new ones. 0

THE COMPUTERPAPER GREATERTORONTO EDITION www.tcp.ca SEPTEMBER 1998

formal and informal Y2K inquiries by ~

T ECH ENTERPRISE g g g g

ness reasons for this approach. Nevercheless, one


chem to an authorized spokesperson.
should carefully consider whether the potential
The pmtocol should ensurethat proper legal benefits of proaaive disdosure outweigh the
and technical advice is obtained in a timely man- porendal risks and liabilities.
ner. The pmmcol should also ensure timely reponing to senior ~
men t regarding the organiza- Generic inquiries.
tion's Y2K p~
ess a nd disdosures and the responses and prioritization
Y2K inquiries issued and responses received.
Some organizations are issuing generic Y2K
inquiries. Before adopting this approach, one
Dlsdosure obligations
should consider the additional benefits that may
It is important to determine whether there are legal result from tailoring inquiries to the recipient, irs
duties to make Y2K disclosures before issuing or circumstanczs, and the manner in which its prodresponding to Y2K inquiries. In some circum- uas, services, and operations are likely to be afeastances, a legal duty to disclose Y2K problems and ed by Y2K. A specific inquiry may result in more
preparedness may be imposed by statute or regula- useful responses and meanin~ information, and
tion, by common law, or pursuant to connaas may be particularly appmpriate for key produas,
regarding the purchase and sale of products and services, and business parmeis. One should consystems, the supply of services, or with business sider the possible Ieyl risks and adverse business
parmeis generally. Most disdosure requirements consequences of not responding to specific quesace of a general nature, rather than Y2K-specific, tions or assumptions.
but they may be bmad enough to impose an obligIn some cases, issuing and responding to Y2K
ation to disdose aaual or potential Y2K problems. inquiries can be a considerable burden, In those
In addition, Y2K-specific disdosure obligations circumstances, priority should be given to key
haverecendy been imposed by various regulatory products, services and business partners. It may
bodies.
also be appmpriate to issue properly qualified
generic inquiries or responses to less important
Proactive disdosure
business parmers.
Some organizations are making Y2K disdosuies to
their business parmers and others prior to the Legal rights and remedies
receipt of Y2K inquiries. There may be valid busi- It is imponant to ensure that Y2K inquices and

responses do not inadvertendy prejudice legal


rights and remedies. For example, existing contraas with business partnas may contain liability
exdusions or limitations and "entice agreement"
provisions. A party issuing a Y2K inquiry may
wish to do so in a manner diat seeks to amid the
application of those conccaa provisions. On the
other hand, a responding party may wish to maintain the benefit of those contraa pmvisions by
expressly referencing them in its response. These
and other such martets oughr ro be considered
with the benefit of legal advice.

Definitions and exdusions


T hereare no standard,universally accepted defi
nitions of the terms "Y2K Compliant" (for produas) and "Y2K Ready" (for services and opera-

"Y2K Compliant" and "Y2K Ready" chat ace


specifically railored m the particular produas, services or operations that are the subjea of the
inquiry or response. This may not be praaicable in
all cases, buc should be considered for key produas, services, and busmess partners.
In light oF the uncenainties presented by
Y2K and rhe risks resulting from dependencies
on ochecs, an unqualified assurance or guarantee
of Y2K compliance or readiness should almost
never be given. Further, in some circumstances it
may be appropriate to warn that notwithstanding all reasonable eforts some Y2K problems
may occur.

Evaluation and follow up


Y2K inquiries should request responses within a

tions). Accordingly, Y2K inquiries should define reasonable time period. Reminder lateis should be
those terms. If a Y2K inquiry does not provide
acceptable definitions, the response should do so.
Ambiguity in an inquiry or a response may result
in unintended adverse consequences.
It may also be appropriate for definitions of
"Y2K Compliant" and "Y2K Ready" to expressly
provide for exclusions and qualifications to
account for problems caused by third-party equipment or data, problems beyond the responding
party's control, or the results of Y2K problems of
ochets.
It may be appropriate to provide definitions of

sent to delinquent recipients,


Responses should be carefully evaluated, with
the benefit of t echnical and legal advice.
Inadequate, incomplete, ambiguous, or otherwise
unsatisfactory responses should be che subjea of
further inquiries.
Responses that reference future Y2K remediation plans should be iollowed up after a reasonable period oF time with requests for status
reports and further inFormation. Follow-up
inquiries shout not explicitly or implicidy

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SEPTEMBER
1998 THE COMPUTER PAPER GREATERTORONTO EDITION www.tcp,ca

T E C H E N T E RP RI SI

approve of the responding party's Y2K status,


preparedness plans, or disdosure.

plans may require a correcting disclosure in the


event those plans do not proceed as originally
contemplated. Accordingly, one's own past
Further disdosure and inquiries
responses to Y2K inquiries should be reviewed
Disclosure obligations might not be satisfied by periodically and consideration should be given
an initial response to a Y2K inquiry. In some to making additional disclosures.
circumstances there may be a legal duty to make
It may be appropriate for responses to disfurther disclosure in the future. For example, claim any obligarion to make future disclosures
responses that are subsequently discovered to be or correct
ions.However, such disclaim ers m ay
inaccurate or misleading may require correc- not be efFective, and there may remain either a
tion. Also, responses that reference future Y2K legal duty or a practical business reason to make

further disclosure.
Supplementary Y2K inquiries might be
issued on a periodic basis to ensure previous
responses remain valid and to seek disclosure of
recently discovered Y2K problems.

Legal effect
It is important to consider the intended and
unintended legal efFects of Y2K inquiries and
responses.
As a generalrule,one should assume
Y2K inquiries and responses will be used in evi-

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0

Y2K inquiry responses should be absolutdy


accurate. If possible, they should be supportable
by documented objective tests and data.
Y2K inquiries often include statements
regarding the issuer's Y2K preparedness, the Y2K
compliance of its products, or the Y2K readiness
of its services. Such statements should be subjected to the same rigorous review as would formal responses to inquiries from others.
It has been reported thar some organizations
are issuing incorrect or misleading assurances of
Y2K compliance. Accordingly, consideration
should be given to independently verifying assurances of Y2K compliance regarding key products
and systems. It may also be prudent to request
documents and information to corroborate Y2K
compliance assurances, such as test methodology
and results, and information necessary to permit
independent testing and verification.
In some circumstances, regulations or directives of self-governing bodies may require organizations to take reasonable steps to verify assurances of Y2K compliance.

Documentation
All formal and informal Y2K inquiries and
responses should be documented for future ref'erence. Documented evidence of Y2K inquiries
may be crucial in order to support claims
against the responding party, or to assist the
issuing party to establish that it undertook reasonable Y2K preparation efForts.

Summary
Y2K inquiries present challenging business,
technical, and legal issues, with potentially significantlegal and business consequences. For
this reason, it is crucial that Y2K inquiries and
responses be prepared in a careful and thoughtful manner, pursuant to an established protocol,
and with the benefit of legal and technical
advice. This will help to maximize the benefits
of Y2K information exchange while at the same
time minimizing the risk of additional legal
duties, obligations or liabilities. 0

Iaw firm LadnerDowns. Hjspreferred areasof practice

8
ha

Accuracy and verification

Bradley J. Freedman js 8trial lawyer with the Vancouver

4th

1 bteett west ef Warden itve.


At $51 aeetsee St., Bjteyttheie

dence in a lawsuit.
Inquiries should clearly state that the issuer
intends to rdy upon the response, if that is the
case.In some circumstances, however, in order
to encouragemore comprehensive and candid
responses, it may be preferable to expressly state
that the inquiry is for information purposes only
and will not be used For litigation purposes.
To avoid or minimize the legal consequences of responses to Y2K inquiries, the
responses might include disclaimers, liability
exclusions or limitations, or warnings that the
responses should not be disclosed to, or relied
upon, by others. Responses might also seek to
incorporate by reference similar terms in existing contracts. The legal efFectiveness of such
provisions is uncertain, however, and business
considerations may militate against including
them in any event.

0 0

I'
v

include intellectual property IBW,


computer Bndinternet
Iaw, and commercial litigation. Hecan bereached by
email Bt bfleedmBnOIBdnerdowns.corn. This article js of
8 general nature, snd cannot b0regarded sslegal advice.
Anyone addressing 0Y2Kproblem should obtain current
legal advice specific to their circumstances.

THE COMPUTERPAPER GREATERTORONTO EDITION www.tcp.ca SEPTEMBER 1998

T ECN EN T E R P R I S E

Dell plans to sell 50 percent


of its PCs online
By )eff Evans

ell Computer Corp. has been the


wild card in the PC business since its
founding 13 years ago. As the principal exponent of selling PCs directly to end
user (by mail, phone, or more recently, the
Internet), Dell has shown the industry that
the direct sales model can result in a high
degree of success and customer satisfaction.
About 60 percent of Dell PC sales are to
large government and business clients, and
about the remaining 40 percent to small business and home PC markets.
Currently, about 10 percent of total Dell
PC sales or over $3,000,000 per day are
done via the Internet.
Dell's revenues in its past Four quarters The price of half-heartedness:
were US$13.6 billion, making it the number channel conflict
two PC seller worldwide behind Compaq, When asked what he thought about competitors' anempts to emulate the Dell direct sale
but about 25 percent ahead of IBM.
More impressive is Dell's rate of growth, model, through "build to order" or other
which averages four or live times the global direct sales models, Dell laughed and said that
norm. In the last year, its sales rose 52 per- many other PC vendors are "trying but not
cent. In Canada, Dell Computer's unit sales trying" to get into the direct sales model.
Instead of embracing the direct channel
were up over 90 percent. Obviously, many
whole
heartedly, they are trying to get some of
Canadian computer users, whether in business or in the home, have Found Dell's prod- the advantages of direct selling without cutting out their retail stores. This means the
ucts and business practices appealing.
Michael Dell was in Toronto recently, and direct market wannabes are stuck with the
problem of "channel" conflict with their
Tech Enterprisehad an opportunity to talk to
the man who continues to challenge the tra- retail dealers, where the consumer seeking
the lowest price has trouble seeing the advanditional way of making and selling PCs.
tage of buying direct from a manufacturer
Michael Dell In Hogtown
when some retailers will always be tempted
We arrived about half an h our early at
to offer a bit bener discount on the exact
Toronto's Prince Hotel, and located the ball- same product.
room where Dell was supposed to address the
No maner how you cut it, according to
Canadian press. The room was virtually Dell, pure direct selling cuts out a whole layer
empty, except for a dark haired man who of costs, and when done right, is inherently
stepped forward to shake this writer's hand, cheaper than the old style of PC sales.
saying, " I'm M i chael D ell." D e l l . and According to Dell, once his corporate cusCanadian president W. Scon O'Hare and I
t omers establish an o n line account, i t
had a very pleasant discussion for the next 20 becomes incrediblyquick and easy for them
minutes, followed by a wide ranging and
to order any number and configuration of PC
informal question and answer session with a systems. Dell can source parts and assemble
couple of dozen Canadian journalists.
systems on a "just in time" basis, without havDell was very upbeat on his company's ing more than a few days' inventory oF comrecent progress, especially in the Canadian ponents on hand. The Dell PC manufacturmarket. He said Canadians were buying a ing model is currently giving the company a
larger percentage of Dell computers over the 229 percent annual return on investment,
Internet than computer users in any other compared to an industry average around 20
country.
to 30 percent.
When asked about the safety of doing
business online, Dell claimed that "there are Applied research:
about five or six fraud anempts per 1,000" getting It right and on time
phone transactions, compared to about "10 When asked about the future of the tradior 11 fraud anempts per 1,000" Internet tional desktop PC, Michael Dell claimed
transactions. Almost none of the Internet there was still an advantage to a PC being in
Fraud anempts succeed, he said.
a case separate from the monitor, since it
Of more concern, according to Dell, is the allows users to expand and upgrade, or even
issue of privacy. Dell stated that his company r eplace, their system, without having t o
doesn't sell customer information to anyone. replace the monitor as well,
They also don't use customer data internally
Dell also looks forward to flat-panel disin ways that the customer hasn't explicitly plays eventually becoming the norm, though
permitted.
he believes they are still too expensive for the

average consumer. In specialty applications


such as the financial industries, flat panels are
selling well, due to the valuable space saving a
flat panel offers in crowded, high priced corporate offices. Dell said his company is going
to support the all-digital flat panel initiative
spearheaded by ATI, as a quick way to drive
flat-panel prices down.
"When we have 17-inch flat panels at

<t'[0%WW
WorldQ
(,asti
0

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e s

prices close to CRT monitors, then the flat


panel will become mainstream," he said.
Dell claimed that the criticism that his
company is simply a marketing machine and
not an innovator is unfounded. He said Dell
Computer spends $280 million on research
and development annually, and employs
1,700 engineeringstaff.The company registers hundreds of patents annually, and
although it doesn't duplicate the research and
development efforts of basic technology makers such as Intel or Microsoft, its engineering
efforts result in products that are well integrated, reliable, with leading edge performance, and highly compatible with the most
current industry standards.

Down on the sub-$1.000 PC


for now
Dell defended his company's general avoidance of the "sub-$1,000 PC" market, claiming that rather than a real product segment,
the sub-$1,000 PC phenomenon can more
accurately be described as "an inventory liquidation mechanism." Obsolescent components can be assembled into PC systems very
cheaply, and the results are finding a ready
market, but buyers should be cautious oF
products that are based on whatever parts are
available at bargain basement prices.
For all the pitfalls of the low-end PC
model, Dell did concede that it is helping to
move computers into more homes around the
world. Businesses and "power users" have little interest in them, however, largely due to
persistent compatibility and quality problems.
In terms of the "next big thing" in computing, Dell pointed to higher bandwidth
networking i n h o mes and o f fices, and
declared his support For any and all faster networking technologies.
Dell's own direction is to build his company's sales in the home and small business
markets, while developing high-powered
servers and workstations for the corporate
market. He sees Internet sales as a key element oF the company's growth. "I'd like to see
50 percent ofour sales happening on the
Internet by the year 2000."
Dell sees the main opportunity in computing over the next several years as an extension
of current trends: Intel processors approaching
1,000 Mhz, average system RAM and hard
drives increasing in capacity, prices declining
slightly while capacities continue to double
every couple of years or less. 0

'

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THE COMPUTERPAPER GREATERTORONTO EDITION www.tcp.ca SEPTEMBER 1998

IIg

Dynamic Web demands new tools


In Part I, "Evolving Web demands new approaches," in the July issue ofTCP's Tech Enterprise supplement, author Jacques Surveyor pointed
out that the Web is quickly evolving from static to dynamic, from single to multi-user and becoming more interactive. In this second and concluding article, the author presents an assessment of Web authorlng tools and how they will be replaced or complemented by an emerging
class of tools for creating dynamic and database-driven Web pages.
By Jacques Surveyor

at,you may ask, have been the effects of the


major Web trends on Web authoring tools?
Surprisingly, there has been very little effect on
the original Web page editors. This is partially because
static pages still dominate the Web estimates suggest they comprise 90 percent of sites. To be sure,
dynamic pagesare used, but they arc undergoing
a shift away from CC'I (common gateway interFace) and proprietary coding schemes to
JavaScript, D H T M L
(d y n amic h y pertext
markup language) and Java. In addition,
though done in scripts, user-customized pages
work best with a server-side database.
The problem with databases on the Web is
that there are few standards and a big scramble
For market dominance. Thus we see Microsoft's
ASP (active server pages), Oracle and Netscape's
Web servers, and a whole range of tools using
JavaScript or Java to provide either explicit or
behind the scenes database support for dynamic
page creation and persistent/stored user proftles.
Multi-party, interactive pages are dominated by
Java applets. In Fact, Java is beginning to dominate the
top end of the Web scene, particularly server-side operations. This is becausJava interfaces radily with the Net and
can handle multi-threading, security, and database interactions effectively.
However, the bulk ot the Web is still static, so we will
begin by looking at thclassic Web authoring tools, and then
see how these and site management tools are evolving (or not)
in response to a more active Net.
These evaluations are based on Web site development
work, as well as comments by colleagues and co-workers.
Many of the performance tests were done on a Pentium 233
MHz NT4 server with 96 MB RAM and 100 Mbps Ethernet.

The classics:
textual and visual
There are five types of static HTiVIL editors broken down into
two major groups: text or tag-based editors, and visual Web
layout tools.

style templates and wizards.These allow you to:


create a site with a distinctive look and feel;
ge nerate many standard pages;
change complete style/look of site with template change.
PageMill 3 and Ho TMetaL Pro 4 have the most powerful search and replace Features. These allow you to
search and replace:

text string or regular expression across whole


site;
objects (image, sound, movie) across whole site.
Visual Page and Front Page 98 have the best
property sheets for quick change/edit of objects,
allowing you to:
right mouse click on object and change any
property;

use tabbed dialog for object, container, then


page set ti ngs.
Visual Page, Front Page and PageMill all excel at
visual layout with drag and drop operation for:
moving or resizing of tables and Frames;
im age and imagemap positioning and enhancement,

based and include HTML generation for tables or frames.


DHTML, CSS, and spots of XML, XSS, XSL code are provided as templates or macro Features. In sum, tag editors provide quite a leg up over use ot Notepad. An investment in
these will quickly be rewarded.

Visual Web layout tools

PageMill, NetObjects Fusion and Front Page are all tops at


sitemanagement of allW eb sitepages and resources.These
allow you to:
manage pages and resources in different views;
check For broken URL/links, orphaned objects and

spelling;

The drag and drop, visual Web layout tools also break down
FT P upload/download with timing statistics.
but into three categories: Microsoft-only tools like Microsoft
Front Page 98; open standard bearers like Macromedia's
Given this impressive lineup oF added Features, static tools
Dreamweaver, and SoftQuad's HoTMetaL 4; and lowest comrecommendations are easy to make. Go with visual tools; they
mon denominator tools Symantec's Visual Page, and Adobe's
have all the power of tag editors plus fast Web page layout and
PageMill 3.
change. Also visual tools are more suitable for change to
Visual tools are growing in popularity For a number of reasons. First, they provide multiplviews of your Web page and DHTML, XML, and the scripting direction the Weh is tak-

Web site. Most provide three views: drag and drop layout
view; quick preview (which is close to browser view); and
Text (tag) editors
The tag editors are Visual Notpad supersets of text-only edi- actual browser view (which th highest fidelity view, and
tors broken down i n t o t w o s ubsets: those that support strongest way to check work).
And with two-way tools. the link between HTML text
Micrsoft-only features like Allaire's HomeSite and those that
editor
view and the page layout is kept quite tight. Any
support open features like Bluestone's Sapphire Tag Editor or
Brooklyn Nonh's HTML Assistant Pro 3.
change in text editor immdiately shows in visual layout; and
In a recent survey, ir was discovered that over 35 percent any chang in visual layout shows in text editor at once. This
of Web masters still use Notpad as their HTML editor of alone makes visual tools worth thprice of'admission.
choice. Yet HTML tag editors provide a wealth of valuable
In addition, visual tools vendors are working hard to profeatures such as HTML 3.2 support, plus HTML 4.0 exten- vide more faithful reproduction in browsers. Visual tools are
trying such methods as using CSS as well as tables (used by
sions; text with font control and formatting that can be edited via dialogs; help or wizards for tables, Frames, and frame- such diverse programs Microsoft Publisher 98 and NetObjects
Fusion). Another strategy is to use XSS and DOM model to
sets; and image,' imagemap, objects, plugins or script
addons.
make positioning precise.
The problem is development of standards here has been
These tag editors provide a range of extras such as color
coding of tags and tag balancing (right mouse click on a tag delayed by the browser wars.

and the editor will jump to the balancing/closing tag). Some


have HTML t ag ' lists, macro processing and automatic
indenting or tag formatting. The latest features are wizard

Dreamweaver, HotMetaL Pro and NetObjects have best


programming aids and short cutsfor:
cue cards and other help for DHTML, XML use;
and wizards to assist in forms, database links and scripts.

Visual Web tools common features


Front Page 98 and NetObjects Fusion 3 are the best tools for

ing.

Among the visual tools there is no clear cut winner.


However, the following are three recommended tools.

Symantec Visual Page


Pros: Best combination of ease of use, value; Webdevelopment pack,
which includes Symantec Visual Cafe 2.5 is a bargain; strong visual layout
editor with two way tools plus preview modes; easy frame, table and
image editing made easier with property sheets; solid text/tag editor.
Cons: Few site-wide checks; no spelling, link verification, asset or orphans
tests; bias to Java over Javascript; little support for DHTML. XML, etc.
Adobe PageMIII 3
Pros: Strong visual layout capabilities; lowest common denominator
means you don't have to worry it will work; great search and replace
site-wide for text and objects; best table and frames editing; site view and
control.
Cans:Fewscripting, DHTML, XML aids; only basic use of styles/templates; average text/tag editor.

NetOb)ects Fusion 3
Pros: Verygoodvisual layout features; besttemplatesandstyles support;
Continued onpage 14

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gQEI

SEPTEMBER
1998 THE COMPUTER PAPER GREATERTORONTO EDITION www.tcp.ca

T E CH ENTERPRISE
Dynaenlc Web
Contimfetf frow page 11

Casual

Internet Iccess

Nny where
in Ontario'

Third, many oF the dynamic tools can do


passable Web page editing or have links and
means of invoking any one of the visual tools
good site-wide support; with Scriptbuilder, excellent
we just recommended. In addition, some
scripting support for dynamic pages; with Propack,
dynamic scripting tools add DHTML, CSS,
good tie-ln with Cold Fusion for database linkages;
XML, and ActiveX features.
uses some DHTML,CSS,XML.
However, the most important aspect of
Cons: Rough edges on frames, tables editing; find and
scripting tools is their ability to provide interreplace only elementary; fair learning curve.
actions with Web users including database
connections. Thus, most dynamic scripting
tools like Powersoft's Powersite, Lotus Notes
Designer or Borland's IntraBuilder provide:
forms for database interacAs developers begin including dynamic and drag and drop
tion,
database elements in their Web sites, they
cross into the realm of scripting tools and N- transparent handling of database connecrions,
tier processing discussed in Part I (see TCP
dy namic page creation/reports with preJuly 98).
set headers and footers on each page,
This hasbig repercussions forWeb developers. Web pages now contain lots of differ- windows and dialogs for user interacrion,
ent code HTML, JavaScript, special tags in and more control of graphics, sound and
movtes.
CSS or XML, Java applet calls, etc. And the
code resides in many differem places: on the
Most of these Web scripting tools are
Web server mainly just as before; but also in
the application server, database server and derived from 3GL and 4G L I n t eractive
Java server. This is what is called Web pro- Development Envirions like Borlands Delphi
or Powersoft's PowerBuilder. Thus these tools
gram "smear."
The Web application is spread over N- provide integrated text/HTML editors and
tiers or places of processing. This means Fairly powerful debugging capabilities.
Whar is missing from these Web scripting
dynamic Web applications are harder ro cretools
are:
ate, debug (because there are so many possible
ease ol frame, table, image and URL edits;
points of failure), deploy (because there are so
many places to put pieces of the Web applica- hi gh-end server side features For scalability
and high availability;
tion) and manage/operate smoothly. So moving up to dynamic and interactive Web appli- le ss state/session/application management
features.
cations is not a piece of cake.

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But perhaps the biggest shift users will


find in going from static to dynamic, interactive Web page design is the need to use scripting or programming tools. Some tools such as
Allaire's Cold Fusion and Everyware's Tango
allow Web designers ro use special tags with
imbedded SQL statements to access the databases. But even these tools must call on CGI
or JavaScripts to help make the database links
or allow for interactive sessions.
Thus, dynamic Web authoring tools can
be broken into Four types:
scripting tools (IntraBuilder, PowerSite,
Notes/Domino);
e mbedded
ta g s (Co ld
Fus i o n ,
WebMethods);
more powerful Web servers (Oracle
Application Server, Apple WebObjects or
For session management, failover, scalability, etc.);
and server-side Web authoring tools (combining a powerful Web server with strong
Web tools).
The latter two types of tools we call heavyweights because they tend to be used for large
Web sites with hundreds of thousands of hits
per day.
What do the dynamic Web tools do well?
First and foremost, dynamic tools support
scripting languages for dynamic behavior
(which is still primitive in HTML and even
DHTML). Because dynamic tools are programmable with full flow of control syntax,
scripting languages are more robust for interacting with Web users.
Second, dynamic tools provide cleaner
more functional database connectivity.

functions; used by 21 million worldwide; many thirdparty add-ons and applications.


Cons: Very steep learning curve; tool is spread out all
over the place; visual layout tool awaits 5.0 revisions.

The heavyweights:
server-side tools
What the heavyweights deliver is simple: big,
reliable Web sites the ones that can handle
thousandsof usersper day.Yetthese same systems are not dreadnoughts to design and
develop. However, the key is their large-scale
orientation:

scalability from 10 to 100,000 users per


minute;
reliability and security on client and server (auto-restart and recovery for clients
cutoff; failover for server-side outages;
appropriate layers of security as required
by task);

flexibiliry;

HT M L c l i ent, scripts or applets (Web


browser interface on PC, M ac, U nix
workstation; Java application interface on
PC, Mac, Unix, NC, terminal wherever
JVM resides and TCP/IP nnworks to);
multi-party interactions (chat sessions,
conferences, multi-player games; video
connectivity and virtual whiteboarding);
customization and persistent memory
(user preferences. custom views, recall of
past actions is easier; long duration transactions; complicated, multi-party work-

flows);
In addition, the Web scripting tools present their own unique problems. Many tools
have had to adopt proprietary tags or extensions to JavaScript or its dialects. So unlike
Java tools, dynamic scripting tools are less
open and able to "run anywhere." Also, relative to Java applets, there is a performance hit
due to interpreted scripts.
Finally, JavaScript and the other scripting
languages (JScript, VBScript, LotusScript)
don't have the fullness of functionality available in Java. So choosing the right dynamic
Web tool is a tough choice. Do you use an
embedded tags-based processor like Cold
Fusion, which has the benefit of strong early
market penetration and fairly simple implementation, or go with a m ore interactive
scripting tool?
Here are our dynamic Web tool recommendations:

Allaire's Cold Fusion


Pros:Tag-base works well with medium to large databases; Net0bjects ProPack makesfor easier development; numerous third-party ISPs support server.
Cons: Interactive capabilities a bit clumsy; no visual
page layout tool; does not scale well.

Sybase Powersite
Pros: Most open, versatile of scripting tools, supporting several scripts and numerousWebservers, databases, and DSes; visual layout tools are top notch;

Web tagediting andtesting is a breeze.


Cone: Requires proprietary sewer for complex data-

base interactions; fair learningcurve.


Lotus Notes/Domino
Pros: Easy to install on many popular ptafforms; very
reliable applications; many advancedWeb/message

manageability of large-scale Web applications (control centre for monitoring operations; performance data For load balancing, tuning, app partitioning).

Given all this functionality, it is interesting that all the Web heavyweights use Java.
This trend comes, in part, from client-side
PC-based Java development systems whose
orientation is equally split between local
applications and Web applets. These PC-side
tools are starting to be used for more serverside Web developments. Typical tools are
Borland Jbuilder 2, IBM V isual Age Java,
Powersoft PowerJ, Symantec Visual Cafe Pro
2.5, Sunsoft JavaWorkshop/JavaStudio, and
Supercede 2.
These PC Javasystems have strong visual
layout,forms generation, and good database
linkage. However they have mixed middleware and CORBA connections. And, as
might beexpected, they have very good PC
but weaker server-side debugging.
Server-side Java tools are also evolving
from application servers. Their orientation
has always been enterprise-scale applications.
Typical t o o l s ar e : Net D y namics,
SilverStream, Kiva/Netscape Application
Server, Oracle Application Server, Progress
Apptivity, Bluestone Sapphire/Web, Weblogic
Tengah Server, Gemstone/J.
Some have C++ heritage,but have swung
to Java for their latest development. Most
have database, middleware, ERP (SAP, Baan,
Peoplesoft) linkages that are quite good. They
also offer a wide array oF templates, wizards
Continued on page 23

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SEPTEMBER
1998 THE COMPUTER PAPER GREATERTORONTO EDITION www.tcp.ca

Are you properly insured?


o matter what type oF business you
operate, it is important to assess your
business and personal insurance
needs on an ongoing basis. You need protection for the life of the business and the death
oF the owner. Needs can change in a short
time due to changing circumstances. You
want to take pro-active steps to make sure you
are adequately protected. Many business
owners are too busy looking after the daily
changes and opportunities of their ventures to
spend the time to do insurance needs audit.
Here isa brief overview of some of the
common types of insurance to consider:

-'. SOHO

"j s

DOIIGLASGRAY
partner dies and the other partners want to
buy out the deceased's interest from his or her
estate. The insurance policy will provide the
funds to do so. Each parmer has individual
life insurance for the amount required of each

ness is temporarily unable ro continue operating at the same location or at all, due to fire,
flood, theft, storm, etc. The insurance would
cover loss of income and additional expenses
relating to the business disruption until the
business can stabilize its operations.

Disability insurance

Group insurance
You can save money on insurance premiums
for many types of insurance by obtaining
group rates. For example, for term life, dis-

ability, dental, extended health, product liability, etc. Many associations have group policies,such as trade associations, chambers of
commerce, merchant's associations, etc.

The risk of having a disability that could


restrict your activities increases with age. If

Out-of-country emergency
you are self-employed, your business income medical insurance

If you are in a partnership, you need this type


of insurance. It covers a situation where a

may not be continued if you are unable to be If your b u siness or p l easure activities
actively involved. Your business could even involve travelling outside Canada, make
partner, depending on this percentage share
flounder without your involvement. If you sure that you obtain this type of insurance
interest in the company relative to the estirecover from your injuries or illness, you may coverage before you depart as Canadian
mated value of those shares in the company.
not be able to continue working in the same Medicare only covers a small part of any
Every year the partnership re-assesses that
foreign medicalcosts for surgery or hospioccupation that you did previously. For all
amount. Frequently the insurance policy is
these reasons, having disability insurance is a tal care. It could financially devastate you
held byand paid for by the company. The
must. However, you have to be careful when without this coverage if you are injured or
company therefore receives the insurance proselecting this type of insurance, as various pol- ill and are not medically stabilized enough
ceeds from which it pays out the estate. Issues
to return to Canada and have to be treated
icy terms could limit your coverage.
relating to partner insurance are covered in a
in a foreign country, e.g. U.S. You can
partnership (if non-incorporated) or shareobtain this type of insurance from many
Health and dental insurance
holders (if incorporated) agreement.
This type of insurance is important. You can sources, including banks and auto associaobtain the provincial coverage for health, as tions.
Key person insurance
Whatever type of insurance you decide to
IF the key person in a small business dies, it well as supplemental extended health coverobtain,
get a minimum of three quotes to
could cause the business to die due to the crit- age and medical coverageFrom various private make sure the coverage and premiums are
ical involvement of the key person. During health carriers. However, individual dental consistent. Always pay particular attention to
coveragecan have a high premium.
the transition stage, someone has to be
the "fine print" in terms of exclusions, limitatrained to take over the necessary managerial
tions and deductibles. 0
Term life insurance
functions in order For the business to survive.
Douglas
Gray,LL.B.isaVancouver-based experton
Many businesses don' t. However, with suffi- You should have this type of insurance to pro- small business issues. Formerly a practicing
tect
your
Family
in
the
event
of
your
demise.
cient life insurance on the key person, there
lawyer, he is now a consultant, speaker and author
That way all your business and personal debts
should be sufFicient financial bufFer to weathof 16 best-selling books, includingThe Comp/etc
would hopefully be paid off with a large Canadian Small Business Guide(McGraw-Hill
er the storm, clear of business debt and deterresidue left for your spouse and children, Ryerson) andStart and Runa Profitable Business
mine the next steps.
depending on your individual situation and UsingYourComputerand Startand Run a
needs. It is important to have sufficient cover- Profitable Consulting Business(both by SelfBusiness interruption insurance
Counsel Press).
This type of coverage protects you if the busi- age and monitor changing needs.

Vldeoconferenclng

use this kind of service. It suggests that you

Liability insurance.
This type of insurance protects the business
from legal claims due to negligence, which
causes financial or physical injury to the public, customers or employees. For example:
manufacturer's product liability in the case of
defective products, ofFicer's and director's liability for negligent acts or omissions, errors

and omissions liability for those giving advice,


etc. IF you were operating out of your home,
you wouldwant to have "home office" extension coverage on your basic homeowner policy. This would be to cover such risks as a customer tripping on your driveway or stairs
causing them injury.

Property insurance
This covers damage to your furnishings,
equipment or premises due to fire, weather,
vandalism, etc. You would also want to get
theft insurance.

Buy-sell or partnership insurance

Continued from pnge4


ference participants discuss project details
that require charts and graphics. It also allows
you to show videotapes during the conference.
This service offers high-quality videoconference capabilities without spending thousands of dollars on a professionalvideoconference system. But you will be l i mited, of
course, to when the Facilities are available.
However, compared to the limitations of
business travel plane departure times, hotel
check in times, having to stay over Saturday
For the better rate, etc. service bureau videoconferencing does offer some flexibility.

should:
Arrive 15-30 minutes early.

will allow the other site to finish viewing


on screen and stop them from attempting
to send you a slide at the same time.
Wh e n u s ing multipoint conferencing
(meeting with more than two sites),
choose one person at the master site to act

as "chairperson," and designate a meeting

monthly regional sales meeting.


Kinko's also makes a few suggestions on
service bureau videoconference etiquette that
are worth considering for anyone planning to

Le t staff show you how to use the control Videoconference broadcast


panel, document camera and ancillary How many people want to use such a system,
equipment if you are not familiar with it. and under what circumstances? For this
writer, such facilities were a real godsend
Beforebeginning your conference, review
when doing work for a national television
your objectives and time allotted.
Do not count on video being transferred news network that wanted a "report from the
through a network instantaneously. There field" after a press event in California but did
is a usually a slight delay, so you need to not have the time or budget to arrange taping
give the person on the other end more by a local news crew.
I was able to use a videoconference suite
time to respond to your questions and
near Los Angeles to link directly with a
comments than you would in person.
PictureTel-based videoconference suite at a
Keep participants on th e other end
informed. For example, before sending Vancouver TV station office to participate in

an interview. The interviewer was visible on a


large screen at the far end of the suite, tilt and
pan Facilities on the video camera in the suite
gave flexibility to the views within the suite
and the sound was excellent.
The room was quiet, well-lit and the conferencewas easy to establish. It wa s easy for
the videoconference operator in Vancouver to
remotely control the camera during the interview. This technology had made it possible
For producers of this particular television
show to get reports from technology reporters
who travel the globe without requiring them
to take any broadcast equipment with them.
All they need is access to a videoconference
suite. 0

graphics, announce your intention. This

If you use one of the bener-equipped


operations, such as Kinko's (which runs its
facilities in conjunction with Sprint), you' ll
also be able to do "multiple link" conferences
accessing more than two sites at once. Kinko's
says it has one customer who links its corporate facility with 15 sites to broadcast its

the same time may cause rapid site


switching.

leader at each additional site.


Wait until the person you see on-screen in
a multipoint conference finishes speaking

before you respond. Two people talking at

Network Magazine revises site


NB Network Magazine, a monthly publication on everything networking, has revised its

site and now offers to full contents of the current issue online. Visitors will also find over
100 networking tutorials, searchable library of back issues and more. The Web site Features
weekly updated news.
http Jiwww.tietworkmagazlne.corn

Sodal impact of Asian financial crisis


NB The Cross-Departmental Analysis and Reports Team of the International Labor
Organization has compiled this report on the social effects of the Asian financial crisis. It

was used at a recent ILO meeting in Bangkok where the subject was under discussion.
http:I/www.ilo.orglpublielenylish/Boempfor/cdart/banpkoklindex.htm

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www.tcp.ca

SEPTEMBER1998 THE COMPUTER PAPER GREATERTORONTO EDITION

T E C H E N T ERPRISE

Compaq's enterprise role grows with merger


By Matt Hines
WASHINGTON, D.C. (NB) Although
Compaq Computer Corp. spent the last 10
years becoming the No. I supplier of PCs to
corporate clients worldwide, its lack of a

global services work force kept i t From


becoming a broad- based, high-end broker of
solutions to the enterprise, according to
industry analysts.
All that is expected to change as the computer maker makes its biggest stride toward

assimilating D i gital E q u ipment C o r p.,


unwrapping a blueprint for global services
deployment.
"We can't address all of t h e m arket
requirements that are out there even with the
Digital acquisition," saysJay Pederson, direc-

4 Sale
pCanada's LOIIest Computes S hiw
r
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unlocking this part of the enterprise market


and with Digital, Compaq becomes very well
positioned," Kay says. "The sheer number of
NT engineers that Compaq gains is a real
value to c u stomers. Th is should give
in
Compaq a good amount of
going to market with the enterprise group."
Compaq will offer an impressive array oF

itney Bowes, more

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e

ceapea year cests e a

Buy a three-day
ass from ticket
ooth at the show.
Non-transferaSle.

lined the company's new approach to the


enterprise at the end of June when approval
of themerger was officially announced. The
company will craft direct relationships with
its 300 largest customers on the product
delivery side of the business and will target
the top 200 clients with its newly strengthened services side.
"These customers [the top 200] told us
that we had to take on accountability if we
wanted to do business with them," Pederson
says. "IF we wanted to be the prime supplier
of desktops to these corporations we had to
become a complete solutions provider that
takes on the services responsibility directly as
the manufacturer."
Indeed, Compaq had lackedthe massive
services backbone present in its closest competitors, Hewltt-Packard Co. and IBM
Corp.
"They lacked several of the major pieces
needed to be competitive in the enterprise,"
explains Roger Kay, a senior analyst for
International Data Corp. "But the company
m anagement knew itand now they've got
the skills they needed. This puts them in the
league of HP and IBM when it comes to
people and technical depth."
According to Kay, the company's ability
to deliver a whole package around the NT
environment will help it increase mind share
and opportunities with customers.
" NT expertise is clearly the key t o

WIN a Multimedia PC with gg

nu

tor of services marketing for Compaq. "But


what you can appreciate looking at the new
whole of Compaq is the direct services play
that we now have rhe capability to take on. It
gives Compaq the ability to take on single
point a ccountability w i t h t h e l a r gest
accounts, which customers had said was
missing from the business model."
Compaq's CEO, Eckhard Pfeiffer, out-

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e

e
e

a a re a

ANgv+AcKA5%

task oF integrating Digital under its umbrella has been completed.


The company has said that it will organize its services offerings into three business
units:
' Support and Availability Services will
manage the break/fix offerings and control
some management services around maintaining product availability.
Ne twork a nd S ystems Integration
Services will Focus on what the manuFacturer
has describedas higher end consulting services. According to Compaq management,
these will not include business process reengineering or management consulting, but

will primarily focus on integration of


Prices include SST 8 PST

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TCP-Sttr 8

Compaq technologies into I T


tu res.

i n f rastruc-

THE COMPUTERPAPER GREATERTORONTO EDITION www.tcp.ca

SEPTEMBER1998

T ECH ENTERPRISE ggg g

And, O u t sourcing M a n agement to channel players that exceed expectations.


"First, we have to figure out how to sell
Services will assist companies through
T he key shift
in Compaq's channel ser- specific offerings through the channel; then
Compaq's skill areas in outsourcing and vices offerings is from a custom delivery we need to enable them to go out and delivmanagement.
model to a volume delivery model. Pederson er those services while ensuring t h at
says the vendor will develop standardization Compaq receivessome money on the back
Beyond its top 200 customers, Compaq of services, common methodologies and end For providing the intellectual capital,"
will still rely on its legions of channel part- common tool sets in order to facilitate adop- he says.
ners to deliver services. And despite some tion and success in the channel.
According to Pederson, Compaq has
talk about the channel resenting Compaq's
"One of our first objectives with the already begun to put together its services
push to work directly with its top clients, channel will be to reduce the complexity of strategies and arrange its work force to facilthere should be opportunities For larger the services," Pederson adds.
itate going to market. 0
players to cash in on the vendor's offerings.
"The channelhas to be a big part ofour
services delivery strategy," Pederson says.
"We don't have anywhere near the resources
a

to work by ourselves. By giving customers

I
the choice of working with Compaq direct
I
ly or t o w or k w it h c hannel partners as

>I

providers of services we allow them the flexibility that they' ve been asking for."
ABCD HQvid/ kb / ms switchbox, for ps/2,
$44
Pederson adds that in some cases the
IDE or SCSI
hard drive mobile rack, reliable, $24
Cpu cooler, Pentium/Pentium 8
$6/14
c hannel parmers will b e a ble t o b r i n g
IDE hard drive mobile rack, with FAN, reliable, $25 Pentium SUPERCOOLR
E,
$11
SCSI
3 heavyduty mobile rack,w.FAN, $69
Dual IDE / FDDcable, internal,
$4/2
Compaq intoaccounts the company had no
External 5.25 single unit SCSI
case,40w, csa, $75
EXTRAloooooong IDE cables,3 connectors, $7
part in before. "We' re really looking to
External 5.25 IDE to parallel case, 40w, csa, $99 Floppy 5.25 mount kit for 3.5" fd drives,
$3
develop offerings with some of' the stronger
standard 200W CSA
power supply,
$22 Hard drive 5.25" mount kit for 3.5" hd drives, $3
AT style 200W CSA power supply, clearance, $11 Hard drive 3.5 mount kit for 2.5 hard drives, $12
channel players who are already incumbents
Mini Tower. 4 bays, 220w, csa,
cable w. 2/4/6 connectors, $5/8/ll
$29 internal SCSI
in the accounts. They can efFectively deliver
M ini
Desktop,4 bays.220w, csa,
$29 interna
l SCSI-3 68pin cable,4 conn.,
$37
the services in the role of a subcontractor."
Mid Tower, 7 bays, 888 LED,230w, csa,
$34 SCSI cable. ext., cenkonics, 1.5'/3'/6',
$12/19/29
According to Pederson, these partners
SuperMID Tower, 7 bays, 230w, csa, fr. door, $69 SCSI cable, ext., centronics to scsi/2, 5'.
$39
Full Tower, Bbays, 250w, led, csa,
$79 Scsi centronics terminator, external,
$9
are likely to be the more developed channel
STURDYATX mid-tower, ATX 250W p/s,
$93 6'/10'/25' Printer cable,
$4/7/17
services outfits such as desktop integrators
A TX SuperMID
Tower,ATX 250W p/s,
$ 1 0 8 Keyboard Ps2/AT, adaptors,
$4
E ntex I n formation Services Inc., R y e
Server Tower, 300W, 10bays, doors, wheels, $199 Keyboard 6'/10' extension cable, Imm, mfl $5/7
200W / 400W UPS, w. surge protect, $139 / $188 Mouse pad, assorted colours,
Brook, N.Y., Inacom Corp., Omaha, and
$1.77
Refurbished 450W UPS,new batteries,
$139 mouse adaptors, PS/2 to serial,
$5
Vanstar Corp., Pleasanton, Calif.
Power bar, surge protect AND breaker,
$7
In order to clearly define where Compaq
Universal AC Power Adaptor 1.5-12v
$14
1.44M 3.5 HD floppy, Samsung /Fulitsu $25 / $27 Printer cable, heavy duty bidirectional, 6'
will deliver services directly and where it
$10
24x IDE Cdrom, USDrive / Panasonic
$60/ $72 Serial cable 6'/15'/20'/50' shielded, $7/13/16/33
will enlist its channel panners, Pederson
24x Panasonic SCSICdrom,
$139 VGA 6'/10' extension cable, Imm, mfl,
$6/8
says the company is creating concise rules ot
EXTERNAL
Bxcdrom, parailelport hookup,
$148 RING-ID+ BOX
$49
"We'
re
drawing
up
a
very
clear
engagement.
Iwith BONUS
Grofiier 1997 CD encyclopedia)
SPUTS
your one phone line up to 3 locations
IDE ZIPdrive, internal, w. cartridge,
$133 each location will have a different phone number
sales and delivery model, and making sure
IDE LI120 drive, internal, w. carhidge,
$144 perfect for small office. Bell ring-id service required
that it i s u n derstood where Compaq is
100MB ZIP / 120MBLS120cartridge,
$17 / $20
going to play," he adds.
Samsung EIDE4.3GB HDD,
$189
"It will be well known to our channel
IBM mwave33.6faxmod/16bitsound combo, $29
GVC 33.6k internal PlugNPIay faxmodem, $42
partners where we will meet each other in
Printer card, Iptl / Ipt2 switchable,
Motorola 56K ISAv.90 faxmodem,
$9
$69
the marketplace and how we' re going to
Printer card, Iptl / Ipt2 / Ipt3 switchabie,
$33 Acer56k internal voice faxmodem.v.90,
$85
address areas of potential conflict."
2-ports printer card, Iptl/Ipt2/IPI3 switchabie, $39 Acer 56k internal PCI faxmodem, v.90,
$80
16550 single serial card,
$18
But these strict guidelines don't mean
Super I/O as above, with 2x16550 UARTS, $22
that channel partners won't protit from the
(for high speed external devices; modems etc..)
Monitor heavy duty STAND.Rexible,
$44
new services skills within Compaq. The
Adaptec 1520 ISASCSIcard,
$94 Relisys 14 digital, NI overscan, svga,.28dp. $188
Adaptec 1502AI scsi card, non-bootabie,
$19! Relisys 15" digital. fiat screen, svga..28dpi, $233
company has said it will create a set of serAdaptec 2940u PCI scsi card, w. cable,
$179 Reiisys 17 digital, fiat screen, svga,.28dpi, $444
vices to sell through the channel to cusAdaptec 2940uw PCIscsi card,
$228 ' Futura 17" Panasonic tube,.27dpi, OSD ' $358
tomers just as rival HP has done over the

.',Kifi, jlpg')44f'.;:fifyffitfiffiefi'i'-.k~t i i .:-'-'.";".""


Wic i nia :and"PC in&i'yare and".-

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Tepee'seeinkefoiti fitti'

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"If partners already have a direct services


capability, you can be sure that as part oF

our pannership with them we' ll provide


programs and opportunities I'or them to sell

and deliver o u r o t f e r ings." P ederson


promises.
"A big part of deciding who will deliver
what will be determined by measuring customer satisfaction with the partners. As well
as looking at Compaq technologies and
how the panner is doing operationally, we' ll
look at the number ot' parts that they use,
failure rates on the products and issues like
response time."
According to Pederson, tor the last six
months Compaq has been engaged in
redefining its channel partnerships using
these metrics. The Paid for Performance
program willmeasure parmers' consistency
levels and Compaq will award more projects

Soundblaster AWE32, wavetable, card only, $44!


Soundblaster 64, wavetable,
$88
PCI Ensaniq wavetabte sound card,
$44
Stereo mini shielded speakers, no amplifier, $8
ML 80W amplified speakers, shielded,
$16
120WATTamplified speakers, shielded,
$29
240WAlT HQ 2-way speakers, GREAT
sound, $39
'I

'

'

50pc1.
44m hd disks,new, needs quickformat,$8
Box of 5001.44m hd disks, new, as above, $59
Box of 50001.44M new virgin 65 II clip disks, $599
Box of 501.44m disks, formatted, w. labels, $15
Box 500 virgin disks, 3.5 HD, nonformatted, $69
50 loppy disks labels, white,
$1.50
CDR disc,
std 74min,650MB,
$2.2
CHESSMASTER
5000 on CD, great chess game,$9
LOTUS
Smartsuite 97 on CD, w. manual,
$22
9600 dpi 30bit, flatbed, 8.5"xll, parallel port, $99

'

PCI 64bit lmb svga video card, STB,


PCI ATI 3D Mach64, 2mb, RAGEfi,
PCI ATI 3D Mach64, 4mb, RAGEfi,
PCI 53 virge 3D, 4mb, svga accelerator,

$23
$60
$80
$65

past several months.

'

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Under-the-table keyboard drawer,


$19
Under-the-table lARGEkeyboard drawer,
$23
Packard BELL
101key p/s2 kb with AT adaptor, $16!
Acer Accufeei 104 key ATkeyboard,
$18
IBM mechanical pro-click 101, ps/2 or AT.
$22
Fulitsu Pro Click 104 key ATkeyboard,
$69
3button, ms compatible serial mouse, reliable, $6
Ergonomic 2 button serial mouse, MS clone, $9
PS/2 style mouse, 2 buttons,
$9
Logitech serial mouse, 3 buttons,
$22

Network Starter Kit for 2 PC's, includes all the


hardware needed for complete setup,
$59
8/16/24 Port 108aseT HUB, error free, $84/188/229
16bit Ethernet, ne2000, bnc / rl-45,
$27
PCIEthernet NIC,ne2000,bnc/rj-45,
$27
PCI Ethernet NIC, 'IOOMb/s, rl-45,
$68
(Our quality NICs are Novell tested and approved)
Terminators, Ys, BNC and RI-45 couplers, $3
BNC ends. twist on or crimp,
$2
Coax rg58 cbi w.ends, 10'/25'/50'/100; $7/IOR9/35
UTP rl45cabie w. ends 10'/25'/50'/10ty, $7/10/19/35
UTP crossover cable 3'/IO',
$7no
Intel TX Pentium board, 512k ppl,
$109 COAX network cable IRG58 or RG62)
$0.35 /ft.
TXPROII Pentium board, w. 16bit sound, video, $109
16MB simm RAM72p EDO,5yr. Warranty,
$22
4MB simm RAM 72p,
CANON BJ-250 color inklet, w. bi-di cable, $199
$8
Current
CPU and MEMORy pri
ces..
$cafi

'

IAPUNK/directcable/transfer 10' Parallel cable,$7


ABCD printer/serial switchbax, shielded,
$18
ABCD HQvideo /kb switchbox,shielded,
$22
ABCD HQvideo /kb /ms switchbox,shld, $33

4 button DELUXE
gamepad, w. extra buttons, $12
Stereo boom MIC, with stand / without stand $2.5/7
0 e do repairs, upgrades.
Stereo Headset/Mic combo unit, handsfree, $12
FAX NO. 416-292-7711. tcp.Aug'.1998
16bit Stereo sound card, SBcompatible,
$18
Soundblaster 16, Creative Labs,
$49 6 years in business, SSBeureau member

gg~

SEPTEMBER 1998 TtlE COMPUTER PAPER GREATER


TORONTO EDITION

TECH ENT ERPRI SE

www.tcp.ca

Do you need avideoconference suite.


By Geof Wheelwright
ideoconferencing in a business setting
presents a diferent set of issues than
does consumer-based videoconferencing. Issues of availability, robustness, reliability and flexibility become more important
than cost issues.
Costs forvideoconferencing systems in
corporations are often justified by savings
stemming f'rom elimination of' the need for
people to travel. If just a few of the meetings
between executives at different company sites
can be eliminated, for example, then the system can justify itself within just a few uses.
Videoconferencing only works, however,
when all the parts work. If the cameras don' t
work properly, the controls don't behave or if the
high-speed connection isn't reliable, then confidence in the system will not be high. This will
significantly reduce the number oF people willing to use it in place of an "in-person" meeting.

everything that you would

want to do in a physical
business meeting is what
corporate userswant in their
videoconference systems

that can be used as a videoconference room


can have this capability.
To get the most f'rom the system, however, a linle care must be taken in the selection
of the videoconference room, and the placement ofmicrophones, speakers and cameras.
In addition, if data is going to be shared
between sites, the kyboard and mouse of the
controlling PC may also have to be within
easy reach. If you want to make sure your
videoconference time is used effectively and
not wasted worrying about lighting or camera angles, consider these elements before
selecting th e v i deoconference space or
installing the equipmnt.
Depending on whether or not you do the
Other considerations
One cannot discount the perceived prestige installation yourself or have the equipment
conferred on a c o mpany using corporate vendor do it, the extent to which you need to
videoconferencing. Despite the Fact that worry about such issues will vary. The other
Real-time interaction
thing to consider when sening up a corporate
One of the real benefits of PC-based video- videoconferencesystems arc becoming both
conference systems is that you can share live more common and affordable, they still have videoconferencing space is whether or not the
data as well as see the people with whom you enough of a mystique about them that they space is used for other things, and if it is, how
are holding your meeting. This live data can are still categorized with the corporate jet, the the space will be shared.
The temptation, for example, may be to
be anything from business plans to digital 54th floor corner office with the window, and
rhe
company-owned
Mercedes.
set
up the videoconference equipment in the
photos ro pre-recorded video from a VCR or
corporate
boardroom. However, whenever
Perhaps in the old days, when you needed
from a digital video file on your desktop PC.
With the advent of corporate intranets, to rent satellite tim to host corporate video- the boardroom is being used for any other
the Internet and the World Wide Web, how- conferences and had to book them days in meeting, the videoconference system will not
ever, simple data conferencing may not seem advance videoconferencing was a luxury. be accessible. If you predict that the system
as awe inspiring as it used to. But it provides These days, however, anyone with an ade- will be used very frequently, it may make
a simple, direct and very easy way to share quate amount of money and aspare office more sense to have it located elsewhere. 0
Corporate videoconference users want to
be able to not only see one another in a twoway conversation, they want to be able to
share a video feed for electronic presentations.
so that all participants can, For example, view
a slide presentation. They also want to be able
to mutually view physical items such as product prototypes, photographs and marketing
materials.
Basically, corporate users can do anything
via their videoconference system that they can
do in a physical business meeting except
perhaps for the social aspects that tend to take
place after the meeting, which are much harder to replicate in a videoconference environment. (And, of course, the benefits of face-toface interaction should not be trivialized.)

Sohmet 1997
world's lar est
I.'ortMaster

data between parties without having to set up


an intranet or Web site.
Over time, these data conferencing Facilities may become fully Web- or intranet-based.
In fact, some vendors of professional videoconference systems are already using products
to provide data sharing during a videoconference with the Internet as thconnection for
the data exchange.
In fact, Microsof't says that when it was
designing NetMeeting 2.1, data conferencing
was the key Function demand by customersmore than Internet-basedvideoconference
and voice-conferenceFunctions.

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THE COMPUTERPAPER GREATERTORONTO EDITION www.tcp.ca

SEPTEMBER1998

TECH ENTERPRISE

Mobile computing a lifestyle thing

obile computing is not just about


using computers on planes, trains,
automobi! es, buses and b o ats.
When used in conjunction with communications technology, mobile computers offer an
"unchained" style of working that provides
both flexibility and fun.
Being able to work anywhere, anytime
and in almost any situation means it is easy to
write a story during a short airplane flight or
while sining in a dentist's office. And when
you add wireless data communications and a
mobile phone to the mix, sending and receiving email is possible while you are mobile.
There are no longer any compelling reasons
to hang around an office.
Achieving mobility doesn't require anything particularly hefty. This column, For
example, is being written on a Windows CEbased handheld computer. When used with a
wireless data communications modem and
comm service, this column can (and will be)
sent from the comfort of my local Starbucks
cofFee shop without having ever gone near
an office
before reaching my editor's desk.
I am using Sharp's Mobilon for several
reasons, not the least of which are its small
size, light weight, considerable power, reasonable keyboard and b u ilt-in modem.
While I use the wireless PC Card modem
most of the time, the built-in modem does
allow me to use the handheld unit For Web

technology journalist has little to teach the


rest oF the working world. I am not so sure
about that.
If you look at the increasing numbers of
people who are becoming self:employedeither by choice or through an edict of their
GEOE WHEEL
WRIGHT
employers it may well be that my experiences oFFer lessons that go well beyond my
browsing when I get in the vicinity of a land
line. And w hen I d o , I c a n a l so use narrow circumstances. The primary issue
raised by it all, from my point of view, is actuSymantec's pcAnywhere software For
Windows CE to check any email messages or ally one that has little to do with technology
and much more to do with how you make
faxes that may have arrived on my desktop
choices about the way you live your life.
computer at the office.
Although I also currently have access to an
HP 620LX handheld Windows CE-based system which offersa bigger and brighter
screen,longer battery life,and a bigger keyboard than the Sharp it doesn't do as much
local travel. It is slightly bulkier than the
Sharp, does not include a built-in modem and
its battery life advantage is rarely an issue
when I am only going out for a Few hours. So
when I am roaming around the local neighborhood, the Sharp is my preferred machine
If,for example, you know you can take
as it is the easiest to slip into a jacket pocket
your
work with you and choose to take your
or my oversized wallet.
c hildren to the beach and sit o~ e s a nd
with a handheld computer and a mobile
You can compute anywhere,
phone how much better is that choice for
but should you?
So, you well be asking, what possible rele- you or your kids?
vance does all this have to your life? Surely the
While it does mean they can enjoy the
rather odd and itinerant life of a freelance knowledge that you are physically present

ON
THE GO

If you are not careful, you may


end up having mobile
computers
and technology
in general
sully many
experiences in your daily life

Dynamic Web
Continued front page l4

Also cross-platform debugging/tuning will be


enhanced as ease of deploying EJB, Beans,
and componentsproliferates.
and code generation capabil ities.
Finally, all of the tools will ofFer improved
Interestingly, the heavyweight tools pro- a pplication m o n i toring a n d control.
vide mixed support for visual forms design Controlling "smeared" Web applications will
and debugging. Either the heavyweight tools become essential.
offer visual support themselves as in the case
The five heavyweights to watch are:
of NetDynamics, Apptivity or Silverstream, Borland/InPrise Jbuilder with Oracle
or they make it a push button icon link to the
App.Server for best PC with server side
PC-Java visual tools. So for the time being
combo;
you' ll probably need both a PC-Java tool as Ki v a/Netscape Application Server for
well as the server-side developer.
absolutely robust performance;
But over time many of the Java PC and Bluestone Sapphire/Web for most flexiserver tools will merge. Also look For more
bility and scalability;
report writing and graphics output options. Weblogic's Tengah Server for its pioneer-

15.1" Active Matrix


XGA (1024c76$)
displayr~e/aces a
17" desktop monitor
or LCD Rat Panel

while they frolic in the surf, the fact that you


need to use the computer to do your work
while they play means that you cannot give
them the attention they expect.
"Look at me," they say, as they attempt to do
a handstand in the mud. And you miss it because
you were busy trying to establish a TCP/IP connection to send email via your mobile phone.
Likewise, using a handheld computer
while cruising around the harbor in San
Francisco means your attention i s split
between the awesome sights that greet your
eyes when you look up from the screen, and
the work that has required you to bring the
handheld computer along in the first place.
Now this does sound like carping but it
becomes central to the question of whether or
not you can make a mobile lifestyle work for
you. Being mobile should liberate you, yet the
reality may be just the opposite. If you are not
careful,
you may end up having mobile computers and technology in general sully
many experiences in your daily life.
The solution may be to find a way to
leverage your flexibility so you have the capability to work alongside play, but not have the
impact of one diluted by the other. This is
something with which I still struggle and I' ll
report back on my success. 0
Geof Wheelwright is a TCPcontributing editor and frequent road warrior.

ing Java capabilities;

Sybase

P owerJ+Adaptive Server

Anywhere for dynamite Java IDE+Java


database.
In sum, Web designers have a wide
range of tools to choose from scaling From
static Web pages up to the biggest Web
farm server sites. The Web is growing and
changing fast. This overview will become
obsolete in one half dog/Internet year. In
the meantime, bona Fortuna in p l otting
your Web course. 0
JacquesSurveyor is aW eb and databaseconsultant
who is looking for Web tips at ibsurvoinformap.net.

post-It comi.s to Apple


N~ E veryene knows loves and uses
Post-it Notes:.and, 6'm a whtIes Win~
.'
users have eatjoyed-:3M's vnsatile 'note".systent on their Pcscreens. Now, a new==
=,
v erston of rhe softvvee is .amlable~ ' - ,
1vtacrntosh 'ttsers. HBs. PrQgram aIIosvs."-,
d~ o pers o fWeb s'tres ro "suck" a viitual Post-it Note into their site..visitori to
the %'eb site can dra'g'the net'te from'th'e
site co their own computer desktop where
'

itreniainsactive even after-the browser.


=:..:

' is dosed. Thi."-':notes are a creative waj"-''to=


=;-:attentton and'keep th
grab: visitors'
cotrung back:to the-sire.
- =~=-==
..=, http:/twww.3m,tlm/webttofei.='
.;= -;

em

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Mark Stalfe

PRESIDENT. f UROCOM

"Canadian
Technical Excellence
and Innovation"

M IA

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July 1998

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/gpssT E C H E N T E R P R I S E

SEPTEMBER 1998 THE COMPUTER PAPER GREATER


TORONTO EDITION

www.tcp.ca

Computer-based training gets wired


By Rod Lamlrand
ree years ago, computer-based training
(CBT) content was limited to what
could be included on floppy diskenes.
Today CBT can be designed For roomier media:
CD-ROMs, increasingly DVDs, and online
training (OLT), the hot new twist to delivering
educational content.
At the retail level CBT products still litter
the shelves and magazine ads. Walk into any
software store and you will find programs that
will teach you how to type, surf (the Net, not
the sea), talk, read, sing, play musical instruments or speak anotherlanguage. Whereas
CBT used to mean limited graphics and limited content, the proliFeration of CD-ROM drives means it is economical for CBT producers
to move to this more capacious medium.
Hence, tutorials and lessons are often very well
done. Sound, video, animated characters and
colorful simulations make today's lessons a differentexperience from thoseofa few yearsago.
A search on the Internet finds CBT products available For specialized areas of study,
such as nursing or programmable logic. If you
have training material you want to make into
a CBT product, there a numerous sites representing businesses eager to take your content
and bring it to life. If you have the need, you
can purchase software that will allow you to
create your own CBT titles. However, such

programs usually cost about $1,000.


For business, online training is the biggest
news. In the last year, the Net has been awash
with companies offering opportunities For individuals to upgrade skills, or for businesses to
educate employees. According t o S B
Communications, an A m erican I nternet
research company, CD-based CBT still commands a 68 percent share of the computer and
training market, but OLT (primarily on the
Internet and intranets) is gaining fast. OLT services offer a broad range of price points From $5
a month to thousands of dollars per employee.
In Canadaalone there are scores oFcompanies offering OLT. Many focus on computer
and network skills but others offer training in
other areas. OLT specialists usually work with a
company to come up with a per-person charge
in the hundreds or thousands oF dollars. The
driving force here is the savings realized by the
company, since they do not have to send
employees out or bring someone in.
There are other benefits too. OLT works at
the speed of the learner. Also, a company will
know whether a person has completed the
course or courses required. Many programs
include tests, which can be set up so the learner
must achievea preset score before moving on.
With more and more companies adding
Internet access to their local area networks
(LANs), OLT is becoming a realistic alternative.

$12,000 for 25 users. A similar but less expensive service is provided by Colorado-based ECon Ference.
There are a couple of Canadian CBT/OLT
companies. One firm, FirstClass Systems Corp.,
was recently listed by Ca nadian Businesr
Magazine as one of this country's 100 largest,
"hottest" publicly traded technology compa-

Another interesting development is the Formation of sites like that oF U.S. publisher Ziff
Davis. At the Ziff Davis Online University
(www.zdnet.corn) you can take courses in software programs,operating systems, or designing a Web page, among others. The cost is
US$4.95 a month or US$50 a year. Once
enrolled,
you can take as many courses as you
like. For someone with a good work ethic this
is a tough offer to pass up.
Another emerging trend that may help
online training become a more sophisticated
service is real-rime presentation. In such a presentation, students sign on to see and hear a presenter at a specific time.
The presenter uses a program such as
PowerPoint and sets the pace. Icons around the
presentation indicate other information such as
charts, bios, maps or definitions. Students Familiar with the material presented can investigate
the additional information if they desire. When
the presenter decides to show the next screen, all
participants are pulled to the next slide. At the
end of the seminar, viewers can return to any
page for Further investigation. The presenter can
conclude the lesson with a quiz, an open forum
chat or simply provide a series of related links.
Because the technology is in its infancy,
costs For real-time presentations are high at this
point. PlaceWare 2.0 Conference Center
(hnp://www.placeware.corn) charges about

nies. It is headquartered in British Columbia,


and offers 732 online courses primarily related
to computer programming, languages and operating systems. First Class allows users to try its
wares via i t s W e b s i t e b efore buying
(hnp://www.firstclass.ca).
In Ontario, A. Palmer Animated Training
develops and distributes CBT programs for
educational and industrial applications. Its site
even
(hnp://www.apalmertraining.corn)
includes a course on refrigeration."
In Fredericton, N.B., the investment by
NBTel in a 100 percent digital telephone network seems to be paying off with the success of
companies like Scholar.corn. Scholar.corn claims
to be the world's largest devdoper of information
technology training programs. The company
uses teams of advisors who monitor thousands of
online students every day. The online courses are
geared to training students For network certification, which makes Scholars.corn one oF the
largest online training providers of Microsoft and
Novell certification. 0

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THE COMPUTERPAPER GREATERTORONTO EDITION www.tcp.ca SEPTEMBER 1998

TECH ENTERPRISE

Qgzl

Road warriors say technology indispensible link


"There is a blending of

Sy Linda Dalley Paulson


N EW YORK (NB) Frequent business travelers depend on the Internet and email to stay
well-connected with the office, clients and
home, according to t h e / 9 9 8 Am cricars
Express Road Warrior Technology Study.
This first-ever survey by the company was
promptrd byanecdotal evidence gathered by
observation while traveling and through conversations with customers. Some of the initial
results were surprising, company officials
said.
"Every business traveler is in search of an
electronic outlet," Christine Levite. director
of public afFairs, American Express Company
told Ncwsbytes. "Wralized business travelers arc using every moment of their travel
time to conduct work. This is evident in
number of' people who access laptops on
planes, cell phone users in the airport and
long lines at hotel phone hanks. All thse
were indications the traveler needs to have 24
hour connections while on the road."
Levite says their study found traditional
phone calls and voice mail werc the predominant communications methods for business
travelers, with 87 perent saying thy usc th
former and 61 prccnt saying they regularly
use the latter. "We were surprised by that,"
she says. "This is a hcavy online user we'rc

t alking to an d t h ey' re still h i t t ing t h e ability to operate a virtual office through use
phones."
of laptop computers.
Fifty-seven percent of those polled said
"There is a blending oF leisure and busithey always or almost always communicate ness travel that is a new phenomenon," says
via email. Of that number, 66 percent said Levite. "We see personal life coming into the
they access email once or twice each daily; 18 workplace with casual days and more virtual
percent said they check their email thrice offices. Now when you' re on vacation, that' s
daily or more while on the road.
not down time. You are expected to stay con"It goes along with the theme that people nected to the office; consequently, when travhave to communicate in a number of ways," eling for business, you have to maintain the
says Levite. "It's not enough to send a fax. same kind oF pace that you would from the
People send an email saying a fax on the way, office. Being away from the office no one
or they send thatsatne document as an cuts you slack For not keeping up even on
attachment to c-mail, or they will call to tell vacation. It's painful. It's leading to a lot of
s omeone to check their email and f a x stressed out travelers."
machine."
Too, this melding of business and leisure
"We wanted to look at not only what can beseen by more companies compelled to
equipment they were using, but also the
take advantage of' reduced airfares linked to
amount of time they work while on a trip,"
Saturday stay-overs. Employees are comshe says. "Not too many years ago the trav- pelled to take a subsidized weekend away
eler would come back to hotel room and
From home for their employer to realize a
watch TV or make personal calls. Now they cost savings.
are checking voice mail and email and are
T he s t u d y was con d u cted by
still doing heavy duty work while away N FO//net.source panel, a subset of t h e
from home."
National Family Opinion nationally projectThe survey also found that 96 percent of ed consumer panel of some 170,000 houseits respondents agreed that technology has hold online users. This particular study
improved business travel. The greatest bene- polled 546 business travelers who take at least
fits cited by those polled included improved 10 overnight business trips per year. 0
access to office and clients, time savings
Christine Levite, American Express through instant communications and the
AmericanExpresshttp://www.americanexpress.corn

leisure and business travel

thatisa new phenomenon.


... We see personal life

coming into the workplace


with casual days and more
virtual offices. Now when

you' re on vacation, that's not


down time.... Being away

from the office


no one cuts
you slack for not keeping
up even on vacation"

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/gpssTECH EMTERPRI SE

5EPTEMBER 1998 THE COMPUTER PAPER GREATER


TORONTO EDITION www.tcp.ca

In Brief
Continued from page 1

The BackOffice server software provides file,


print and application services, Internet connection capabilities, and communications
systems. The servers have a three-year onsite limited warranty, and dedicated 24-hour
service and support, according to Acer.
Estimated street prices start at US$3,995.
http: //www.ace
r.corn
http: //www.microsoft.corn

At the moment, mobile phones are limited by local telecom standards. For example,
GSM phones are common in Europe and
Asia, but can rarely connea in rhe U.S., and

Plans call for Ericsson to offer the SPB


facility on all RBS 200Q cellular base stations
by the first quarter of nextyear,
http: //www.ericsson.se

the personal handy phone (PHS) standard


can only be used in Japan.

Fax market to top US$3 billion

The world phone will overcomes this by SAN JOSE, Calif. (NB) While the industry
switching between different digital modes: is buzzing over intranets and virtual private
GSM 900 and GSM 1,800 MHz, D-AMPS networks, the fax communications market
800 and D-AMPS 1,900 MHz, and the tra- continues to soar, according io a report just
out From Dataquest.
ditional analog 800 MHz AMPS systems.
In fact, such is the market for Fax transThe World Phone will be similar in size to
missions,
that Dataquest predicts this year' s
that of the Ericsson GF 788: about 10.5 cm
Smart card protection unveiled
long (4 in,), weighing under 135 g (4.7 oz.). revenues will top US$3 billion For the first
NEW YORK (NB) Aladdin Knowledge
The concept of a world phone is not entirely time up a healthy 17.7 percent over last
Systems has taken the wraps off SmartHASP,
new. Iridium has had a similar vision since 1985 year's figures. Dataquest projects that the
a smart card version of its HASP hardwaremarket For fax-enabled devices will continue
and claims to ofFer services in 239 countries.
based soFtware protection system.
to grow From 5.5 million units in 1998 to 7.5
http: //www.ericsson.se
According to Rami Kasterstein, vice-presmillion units in 2002.
ident o f
th e Isr a eli-based c o mpany,
The report notes that shipments of the
GSM base station announced
SmartHASP combines the traditional security
personal/low-end product segment, which
STOCKHOLM (N B ) Ericsson has
of HASP with smart card technology, making
includes multifunctional products (MFPs)
unveiled a software technology that allows
it suitable for a nctworked environment.
and single function fax machines, grew 81
two GSM transceivers on a cellular base staAccording to Kasterstein, SmartHASP
percent from 1.6 million units in 1996 to 2.9
tion to be linked together ro radiate on the
uses a CPU-based smart card with 496 bytes
million in 1997. This area of the market, the
same channels, effectively forming a much
of internal read/write memory that can coninformarion rechnology research firm says,
more powerful virtual transceiver.
trol access to different software modules, and
also had revenue growth increase 44 percent
The technology, known as Sofnvare Power
save passwords or other sensitive data. The
over the 1996 results.
Boost (SPB), is being offered on Ericsson's http: //www.dataquest.corn/dq/static/about/programs/
features support "innovative marketing and
RBS 2000 family of GSM cellular base stafmfp-na.html
distribution techniques" such as time limited,
demo, rental, or leased software, and have tions. According to company officials, using
only a simple software command, operators
FaxSav has broadcastlist manager
been field proven by MemoHASP, Aladdin' s
can convert the base station lrom a two-trans- EDISON, N.J. (NB) Internet faxing commost popular mainstream protection key.
"power pany FaxSav says the number of broadcast
SmartHASP works in conjunaion with a ceiver operational mode into the
boost" mode, where rhe two transceivers work faxes it handles for customers has doubled
PC/SC compliant read/write drive, and with
together as one virtual transceiver, so extend- s ince it launched rhe beta version of i t s
Aladdin's ASEDrive. The integration of smart
ing the range.
Broadcast Lis t Ma n ager s o f tware in
card drives into PCs, the firm says, is becoming
According to Ericsson, cellular downlink November. Broadcast List Manager version
more widespread in networked environments.
performance is increased by at least 3.0 deci- 2.05 is available now.
http: //www.aks.corn
bels (dB) at the cell border, reducing the
Accordingto FaxSav, the sofnvare uses the
number
of
sites
needed
by
up
to
30
percent
FaxSav
EZ-List Fax Broadcast Service, which
Ericsson plans World Phone
over
any
conventional
base
station
coverage
gives business customers 24-hour broadcast
HONG K ON G ( N B) Ericsson has
fax capability worldwide From a desktop PC,
announced plans For a "world phone" that network.
According to Tomas Fridstrom, the com- corporate system, or Fax machine. The the
will allow consumers to travel without worrying about local telecom standards. The phone pany's GSM base station marketing manager, new software allows users to create as many as
should be ready For commercial use by late because the SPB capability for the RBS 2000 1,000 unique broadcast lists of just about any
series is an entirely software-based technology, length, and add, delete or edit individual
1999.
According to L one M isikini, regional no special hardware modules are required, entries. The lists can be immediately submitt ed via an I nternet connection into t h e
product manager Asia Pacific, Ericsson con- and no new spare parts are needed.
"This
power
boosting
capability
is
espeFaxSav Broadcast System.
nects 40 percent oF the total wireless commucially
valuable
to
operators
when
they
are
Customized databases can be created from
nity in 90 countries. GSM (global system For
rolling out new coverage and for providing scratch using Broadcast List Manager, or
mobile communications) has currently 78
million users and D-AMPS (digital advanced maximum coverage efficiency in low-capacity external databases can also be used. Users can
mobile phone service) 90-95 million sub- traffic areas such as rural areas or along view created lists in detail, perform search and
roads," Fridstrom said.
replace Functions, sort entries alphabetically
scribers worldwide.

or numerically by individual fields, cut and


paste data, and print hard copies, says the
company. The software uses a two-level
encryption scheme based on RSA's 40-bit
encryption.
Internet Fax can be tried For Free at the
company's Web site.
http: //www.faxsav.corn

Freeapp diagnosesY2K conflicts


PHOENIX (NB) Viasoft, Inc. has made
the BIOS portion of its OnMark 2000 software suite available for Free download from
the firm's Web site. The suite itself is rebranded by Symantec Corp. to be sold under its
Norton 2000 brand name, according to a
Viasoft spokesperson.
The spokesperson said rhe OnMark 2000
BIOS fix will work on any Intel-based PC or
notebook. Once downloaded, it runs as an
executable to test the internal clock part oF
the system BIOS. He said the full suite is for
large corporations that "oFten don't even
know how many PCs or laptops are part of
the system." Those companies often put the
software on the company intranet to be run
From individual workstations. "It saves time
For the system administrator," he added.
The BIOS test and fix is one part of the
firm's OnMark 2000 family of software,
which addresses each phase of Year 2000
(Y2K) conversion both on PC desktops and
on client/server applications that need to
maintain precise dates. The programs are currently used in such date-critical industries as
banking,insurance, securities and manufacturing industries, plus several government
agencies.

O nMark 2QQQcan be downloaded From


the Web, which also has a really good question and answer seaion on Y2 K i ssues,
according to the Viasoft spokesperson.
http://www.onmark.viasoft.corn/fix-it
http //www viasoft corn

GTE brings HotOffice to SOHOs


BOCA RATON, Fla. (NB) GTE Corp.
said it is bringing HotOffice Technologies'

Web-based software to the small office/home


office (SOHO) and small business markets.
GTE said the Hor OfFice product allows
smaller operations ro securely communicate
and collaborate on the Inrernet via a GTE
dial-up Net connection.
HotOffice reportedly creates an instant,

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THE COMPUTERPAPER GREATERTORONTO EDITION www.tcp.ca SEPTEMBER 1998

secure virtual oHice over the Internet with a


suite of applications and services that allows
employees in different locations to securely
communicate and collaborate with just an
Internet connection and a browser. Features
include Weh-based email, online conferencing, document management, bulletin boards,
Internet telephony and travel planning.
The product provides many of the capabilities of a LAN (local area network), WAN
(widc area network) and intranet in onc
turnkey solution, C'TE of'ficials said.
The co-brandd version of HotOI'lice will
be m a d e av a i lable th r o ug h G T E
Intcrnctworking's Web site, as well as on GTE
Internet .iccess CD-ROMs distributed to the
SOHO and small business markets. In retu'rn,
HotOFfice v:ill include links ri> ATE'5 sinai)
businessservices in the ct>-bratKlcd product.
http: //www.gle.corn
http: //www hotc>ffice.corn

TECH ENTERPRISE gjggg

NovaBackup 6.0 released


SIMt V A L LEY, Ca lif. ( N B ) XovaStor
C orp. has released version 6. 0 o f ' i t s
NovaBackup data backup, restore, and disaster recovery software. Version 6.0 includes the
NovaBack backup program,the NovaDisk
d isk-to-disk backup p r ogram an d t h e
NovaBoot AE disaster recovery utility.
The new version also features updated
virus scanning capabilities and new encryption technology. Also i ncluded are an

SI C
I~

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og

Ro.lo

SmartFilter product marketing manager.

Timesink Communications and PKWare


have embedded AdGateway ad support into
the latest downloadable shareware version of

4II- '

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Control on both scan converter casing and on IR remote control unit


Device: 3.5' drive 1.0'height
Interface: IDE
Coolingfan: included

Matenal: CaSt aluminum

strategic b

and liabilities," according to Daniel Dorr,

Ads embedded in shareware


BROWN DEER, W isconsin (NB)-

Compatible with all PCs, MACs, NECs and laptops

u siness alliances of

SAN JOSE, Calif. (NB) Secure Computing


Corp. has scaled down its SmartFilter Internet
tool to work in conjunction with Microsoft
Corp.'s BackOffice Small Business Server.
Th big brother-like tool. which Secure
markets as a Filter for companies to control
employee Internet acces~, has been mt>dified
for small businesses. The filter allows businesses to block access to over 250,000 Web
sites based on 27 different categories, accorcling to Secure. The list is updated weekly and
targets categories that an organization nsight
tind counter productive.
"With the advantages of the Internet, so
come sotne risks and liabilities. This offering
will help small businesses mirigate th risk

NovaBackup 6.0 is now available For a


suggested list price of US$99.

Key features:
Converts resolutions up to 1024x768 (PC) and 640x460 (Mac) with 16.7 million colors
Plug & Play, no software drivers required

Fam
ily

Net Filter scaled down

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3.x/95/98/NT, DOS, and OS/2.

NICNJNCk 8 PINSANewBenchmarkinScanConverlers

T ORONTO ( N B ) Bell M o b i lity h a s


announced it i s w orking with M i crosoft
Canada on developing a
of Windows
CE tcchnt>lt>gy systems.
According to Micros<>ft, thc deal Formalizes an existing strategic alliance. The aim of
rhe union, otficials say, is to create remote
email a n d mi > b il e In t e r ne t ac c ess
hardwari;/s<>ltware combos f' or business users.
"Bell Mobility is thc Canadian ls:ader in
wireless solutions," said Andrew Coulson,
Microsoft Canada.
Coulson says the collaboration will focus
on growing thc market lor wirelesssystems,
as
well as pro>noting application development
and "leveraging complementary strengths in
sales Force automation."
According to Bcill M<kility. meanwhile,
the four key industry facti>rs that have driven
the alliance are: the availability ol' efficient.
affordable end user devices; ttctwt>rk ettiiciencies achieved thiough increasing advances in
capacity and speed; the evolution of corporate
information technology inFrastructures; and
the evolution of enabling applications.
No date has been given for delivery of
actual products from the liaison.
http: //www.microsoft.corn
http: //www.bellmability,ca

and OS/2 W ar p

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Microsoft, Bell team on wireless data

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NovaBackup 6>.0 includes supports For
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www.tcp.ca

SEPTEMBER 1998 THE COMPUTER PAPER GREATER


TORONTO EDITION

T ECH E N T E RPRISE

Trainifng, technology lacking in fight against fraud


By Martin Stone

The survey, which queried senior executives From over 11,000 major organizations,
TORONTO (NB) A survey of businesses was conducted by Toronto-based financial
in 32 countries shows that a startling 84 per- and business advisors Ernst Bc Young. The
cent of the world's worst reported frauds study is titled Fraud: The Unmanuged Risk.
were committed by company employees and
Don Holmes, practice director of the
that over 60 percent of'worldwide Fraud was forensic accounting group at Ernst 8t Young,
committed by management.
said that today's analytical software and a
The study pinpointed employee downsiz- return to old-fashioned moral values are the
ing, the removal of management layers, and keys to fraud prevention and detection.
"The difference between error and fraud
the growing use of' computers to keep track
of company assets, as prime culprits.
is intent," he added.

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inwin ATX Tower Case with 235Watts Supply
Keytronic 104 KeysWindows 95 Keyboard
Logitech PS/2 Mouse with Mouse Pad

Toshiba DVD-2-ROMInternal Drive


Sound BiasterAWE64 Sound Card
Dowa 120W Stereo Amplified Speakers
Electric Condenser Microphone with Stand

Diamond V.90 56KInternal Fax Modem with Voice


Windows 98 and internet Access Programs Pre-loaded
2 Years Labor and 1 Year Manufacturer's Parts Depot Warranty

"Traditionally, accountants and business


managers rely on internal controls to prevent
and detectfraud," he explained. "However,
in today's competitive environment, internal
controls have been badly mauled as a result
of downsizing, removal of layers of management, and employee empowerment. The traditional fraud model is not working. We
need a much stronger emphasis on training
and technology."
Holmes said training is r equired to
enhance both fraud awarenessand ethics,
while technology, such as computer analytical tools, can deal with the mounds of data
recorded electronically in a company database.
"Pretty well all frauds are computer-relat-

hot seat because your stewardship is brought


into question, your risk management strategies are in the spotlight, and your ability to
respond to the stakeholders is tested."
Survey highlights include the fact that 87
percent of respondents think the incidence
of fraud will increase or, at best, remain the
same and that only 13 percent of fraud losses have been recovered.
Only 26 percent of directors have a good
understanding of their business, the study
shows, while 30 percent of r espondents
report that changes to their control systems
lagged behind organizational trends. A full
70 percentof respondents say their staffhas
"Only
kickbacks
not received fraud awareness traimng.
ed today," Holmes said.
The survey also reveals a strong correlaoccur outside the b ounds of c o mpany
tion between the incidence of fraud and the
recording systems."
The survey reveals that normal internal understanding of the business by directors.
controls, such as segregation of duties and The study indicates that only 60 percent of
computer access management, were the most directors believe they have a good or full
useful Fraud prevention and detection tools. understanding of their core business.
Ernst 5t: Young's Forensic and Litigation
However, 30 percent of respondents reportAccounting
group has extensive experience
ed that changes to their control systems
in
investigating
allegations of Fraud, tracing,
lagged behind their organizational trends,
securing
and
recovering
assets, quantifying
leaving open doors to beckon would-be
claims, and supporting solicitors and counsel
fraudsters.
in l i t igation. Some recent assignments
"The new technology is interesting,"
include investigations into the alleged
Holmes said. "Some of the dynamite software runs audits with innovative analyzes of impropriety of a f u n d m anager, "rogue"
masses of data. We can look at cheque runs, derivatives by Foreign exchange and compayment systems, and spot characteristics or modity traders, procurement frauds and
kickbacks, computer analytics applied to a
anomalies. An anomaly is reflective of a
breakdown in controls. We can then back- company's payment process, and a number
oF high-value check frauds.
track, Follow an e-trail and a paper trail.
Holmes saidthe survey has not been anaEventually we depart from the electronic
lyzed for margin of error but that 1,200
trail and talk to the people."
"The risksmay be higher for the steward
responses were receivedfrom the 11,000
than the Fraudster," added Nick Hodson, recipients and that European and Asian
Partner in Ernst 5c Young's forensic litigation countries scored high among the returns. 0
>~g'~

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"The corporate steward is the one in the

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THE COMPUTER PAPER GREATERTORONTO EDITION www.tcp.ca SEPTEMBER 1998

In Brief
0///tinued fro/II pngr 27
PKZip for Windows.
Now, when users open PKZip to send or
receive files on lh Internet, lhe files will
include a low-bandwidth ad in addition to
whatever other compressed files the Zip collection contains.
"The ad banners can b embedded into
any software that works with Windows t)5 or
NT," according ti> Edwin Miller, Timesink
vice-president. "When a program is installed
on the PC, our technology gets installed,
(oo." Miller says the ad technology uses a
super-thin push client, of low bandwidth,
about 100 KB. "Nobody even knows it's there
and it doesn't takover a user's machine."
"People who download our Windows version of PKZip will si re somone's advertisement as 0 part of thsharewar they download," said Boh Gorman, PKWar's marketing manager. Only registered prograin users
can disable the advertising banners.
VenturDircl' Worldwid. Inc. was lhe first
advertisr to tak advantag of' PKWare's
AdGatwav affallgcnlent and Timesink's Miller
added his f'lrm has "a whulhost ol partners taking advantagoi thc new model of advertising."
PKWare'5 Gi>rman said, "Trying to determine all thmarkets for this lcchnologywell, il's still carly in lhgame." Miller was

products are immediately available, while


Point of' Sale and Forms will be avaiIable in
the Fall, officials said.
http: //www.storesonline.corn

Translator includes 33 languages


ORANG E, Calif. ( NB) Language Force,
Inc.'s Universal Translator Deluxe uses IBM's
ViaVoice speech technology software to translate spoken English into 33 different languages. It includes full filnt and keyboard

All new systems include the


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http://www.L
anguagetorce.cron
'

.:

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I ntel Pentium 11
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Intel Pentium II 300
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Intel Pentium75(USED 16MB)
Intel Pentium100(USED 16MB)
Intel Pentium 133
Intel Pcntium 166
Intd Pentium 200
Intel Pmmmn200 MMX
Intd Pcntium 233MMX
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AMD K6-233
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Intel Pcntium 75(USED)
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intel Peatium 150
intel Pentium 133
intel Penuum166
Intel Pcntium 200
Intd Pentium 200MMX
Intel Pentium 733MMX
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Systems include:

~-'-;;";
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4MB RAM (30-PIN)
SMB EDO RAM (72-PIN)
16MB EDO RAM (72-PIN)
32MB EDO RAM(72-PIN)
SMB RAM F/P(72-PIN)
16MBRAM F/P(72-PIN)
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cooling Fan Rnd 32 MB RAM

the Net. StoresOnline.corn'5 Cart and Search

SYSTEM

'4

Ag upgradesindudc CPU, maiuboard

affordably, easily and with turnkey capability,


give people the ability lo transact business
over the Internet," said company president
and chief executive David Rosenvall.
The new company said it is introducing
four new produc(s: Carl, Point of Sale, Search
and Forms. All can be created through the
company's Wch site and then added to the
user's site. StoresOnlin.corn can also create a
Free 10 MB site with a subscriber directly via

266

rw~

UPGRADE YOUR
3&6,4&6,PEP(TUIM sys to ....

StoresOnline.corn launches itself


CHICAGO,
Il l. (NB ) Calgary-based
StoresOnline.corn stood oul from the crowd
a t the recent Summer Intrnt World i n
Chicago launching b y l a unching i tself,
instead of a new product.
StoresOnlinc.corn said it sp ecialiies in
affordablec-commcrce and Web development tools. "Our mission, simply stated, is to

B i'z t e c h
news

Some of the 33 available languages are


Arabic, Chinese, Japanese, Korean, Spanish,
German and Hebrew.
Ian Simpson, chief executive of the privately held, California-based LanguageForce,
said the firm's mission is "one world, one language" and this device is helping to meet that
goal. He said it is exactly what the world
needs to broaden both personal communication and trade channels.

U P"G R 4- 9X~Q i PA%

mofclllhilslastic, saving it Is thi: advcftislng

model of the futur."


http: //www.pkware.corn
http: //www.timesiflk.corn

support, the firms said.


The new product lets "English-speaking
PC users communicate with t h e w o rld
through their Internet connection, email or
fax." according to LanguageForce.
The firm says its Universal Translator
Deluxe is the first omni-directional translator, meaning it can translate from any supported language to any other, for a possible
translation combination total of 1,056 language palfs.

,:~~ g WK% COMPUTER:SYSTKQSj~'

TECH ENTERPRISE ~

ZIP DIUVE INT (R)


2.1 GB HARD DISK
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www.tcp.ca

SEPTEMBER1998 THE COMPUTER PAPER GREATERTORONTO EDITION

greatly increases the range of possible things


that may go wrong, either from failure of the
technology, or the malignant activity of
steel doors, security lighting, an alarm system acquaintances or strangers.
The FBI estimated in 199S that losses to
and bars on ground floor windows if you are
particularly nervous about break-ins. You may computer crime and fraud amounted to as
also have information from the local fire much as USSS billion annuailly. According to
department about home safety, and installed Nick GaBetto, IT Security Practice principal at
smoke detectors, fire extinguishers and alter- IBM Canada, achieving secure computing all
nate fire exits from your house for emergency starts with developing a security policy.
"Don't start by building barriers," he advises,
use.
"Start by assessing risks. Don't spend huge
The point is, when it is the lives of your
loved ones that are at stake, a certain measure money on non-critical things, and don't disof preparedness is prudent, not paranoid. The able your business to try to be safe."
Life includes risks. You have to decide
same goes for threats to your financial well
what risks to guard against, and what degree
being.
What is the level of threat to your com- of thought and effort you should invest in
making your computing experience a safe
puter, and what should you do about it?
one. There are a fairly limited number of comThe Joy of safe coEEEputlng
Continued from page 60

Security book list


. ty framework, nd broader issues of aware" Neh Psychos, Sto(heez Nrtrl Prerrhsterz
:.'. Author. MichaelA. Banks
;-:-:-' ness, training, and effective retponse to secu-: rity incidents. The book also contains a good
Publisher; Corioiis Group Books
'
glossary of security terms. As well, the
ISBN:1-57610-137-1
',:' included CD-ROM contains demo versions
Soitcovar, 378pages
' "' of commercial antivirus, encryption and
PrIce:$34.99
A very good guide for the individual PC user, - security programs from companjes such as
'

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Web Psychoslays out the risks that exist on: -: IBM and Symantec...
the Web for the unwary surfer, and how to

respond to them. Essentially, the book states,'.':;E-NNI/ Seeutity: Hew lo lfeep Vortr
that there is no such thing as perfect securi-:;;";:Beetrortie Nessager Peirrote

ty, but with a moderate amount of care, risks,Author. BruceSchneier ""


can bereduced and managed while leaving:
-,.
-.Publisher.JohnN leyandSons,Inc.

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plenty of room for the individual to enjoy -';. ISBN. 0-47145318-X


the wealth of information, activities and"' Softcover,366pages
*
.'".
.., Price $34.95;"
possible socializing that the Net offers,
-;.',': This book concentrates on how to increase
.

"-.", the security of your email, and in the process:


;-: Protectlort etrd Security '",''"-".-.':.' ".'"'!, :,.i:;;-~E,
::"-,"
..'
,
:

-' it is a decent prlrrn.r on POP (Pretty Goorf:.'


on the lrrfeemothwSNpa+flihwrry
Privacy) encryption, DES encryption algo-.,
Author.
Frederick
B.
Cohen
Hardware and sEEftware failures
Publisher:
John
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Sons,
Inc.
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rithms, RSA public-key algorithms and key
Computers and networks are recently devel'.:,'-;,.-; management, and the patent and nationaI'
ISBN:0-471-11389-1 .
oped, fragile and often flaky technology,
.,":-,'",-',",',:.">,',',"';,:=,';'.,"'-;...',;."".='..-."~".:;-security issues related,to effetiye eyc
ryptiog,,<l':
Because computers are increasingly a fixture Murphy's Law, "If something can go wrong, it :- Softcovor: 302pages,
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of our personal and business lives, and due to will," seems to operate with special vigor
:;... This book looks at security fmm a broad orga-,; C}iheiwrrez: Espioiige eN ke lihviiet ':":::.
the omnipresence of the Internet, it's increas- where computers areconcerned.

Threats: Murphy's Law


meets Kevin Mitnick

mon threats to your computing security.

'

'

ingly likely that your computer at home or at


work is at least potentially networked to every

other online computer on the planet. This


new global connectivity greatly increases the
potential usefulness of computers for business, learning and socializing, but it also

Security glossary
Anonymous
Remager. ApmgramIhal removssEII tracesofthe
senderEndlocahonoi anemailmessagesbelire IanEErdingthe
message
to Its iiendedrecipient.
Agack AnEIEcuonicassault (IypIimly unprovoked)that auEinpts Io
senshwbatkIhsIargEI'
ssystems,nstwixksEndEECEniyRlrtuNk The U.S.
0EptrtmERtof CamnvsceBuiEEEoi EEpet
Administration.It isIhEpiiniaiy regiilatoiy agsrict responsiblefor
export ciEilrol onenirypiion, Endis responsibhfor Iheissuanceaf
exportlicsnces,
CaapiagOutCreatingasafe, undetectedspotion auive or otmr
datastoragespacereachalte viaanetwork) Iorhacling,storing ar
ielrieviiig information,
Endfor cruling Enotle EeytogetIR(to a
secureREtworksite) EtaIaler tire uponadnission toanetwork
Caliuta Aulhoigf (CA):
Atrusted entity thatdigIIEllysignscertili
cEus InorderIovalidateownershipof public liays.
CiadiEc A
hackerwlo daesn't rEspEct thecomputerssiiatl backs
on. (FRE
Ecivninal hacker)
EIIiiEIlngy:ThestudyofsiETetiueclnniunications, indudingboih

ciy
pliigizphy (Ihescienceolenablingsecurecommuiiicaiion

thra
uohEncrypbonEnddacrypblon)EiidcrypiEnalysis (ihEscience
of analyzing
EndbreaiIng secvrEcommunication).
BEEE
BniEa: TheinverseofeeypIIon: theprocessoi CNNerbng
ciphenEE
I into plaintext
lluhrr. A peison
wle ilegallygainsaccessIoyourcomputer EysIen.

The most basic security measure is to regularfy back up any information you would
care about if you were to lose it. This may
mean routinely making multiple copies of
important files on floppy disk, tape, removable cartridge, or secure network archive

: : ,

'

-"

nizationalor institutional perspective, includ-,"':". Author, Jean Guisnei, Nnn Shwartau

ing all kinds of communications systems,'-:,.';.:Publisher. PIenuin Publishing

.':;.,;::i;.-."P:
'
.",:.,:,-.'::::-::,.".'z,"~,.',.:,",
,:.~ from satellites to eIectronic banking, cable TV:! ISBN: 0-'306-45636-2,";; ':-'

~ as weB as
the Internet and other kinds of cow-;~: Hardcover, 250pages '-">'".,,-,'4;:..'::""-'-:"
.

:,.'g""'.1'";:,':".::,I-"",

"

puter networks The book then analyzes secu-- Price. $38,00'"

rity policy making and implementation;::.,' This is an interesting book that concenpointing out the common faults and limita-:::; trates on uncovering the activities of inteBi-'':

tions in computer systems, and offering sug-':-<-:gence agencies conducting intelligence


gestions for effective security measures. '-",;"-,';
"::, ".::. operations via the Interne. Guisnel displays::
a
nationalist bias, concentrating
p,.!=."".::.:-'.:; certain
'.',,:,".;-;
-'
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techno-viBainy, whiie not prob-:,.'.
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ing
too
deeply
into France's large scale
Author.JohnVacca
Publisher. CtuirlesRiverMedia,,-:",,,:, p''::;",.-'.)'~',:;-'.:.'.', high-tech espionage program, conducted by'

IEuEEIER
cEIEEgon: ApowerfultypeofEctivesecurity Iechnoo
l o.
InlnisiondEteNonsyslEmSMmbineREIEEidi monitoring with realtime capture
andanalysisEfpacketheader EndcontentdEIE, ililizing sophislicatEd
algorithmsIorecognizeauscksignaturesupon
discoEE
iy, sendalarmsandeventakerespaEEIEEEitIon.
PGP(hely CaeiiPdracy):Anapplication protocol anddaia format
availablac
e rossawidevariely ofoperating systems,usedto
exchange
eroypted EndEutmnlICEIedemailmessagesEndfiies.
Ping o'ilulc A dEE
IEIof uivke attackthatamcrasharreboota
largenumber iI systemsbt sendinga"ping" messageol greater
than65,536byles(III default sireis 64byles).
PN jiivhliclietinraslniEIEa) Apublidy avahbIEsystemfor
obtainingpublic keysin asecureandpredictable manner.
PEhlIEIey Iphaistshm Aoyplosystemin whichone-halfasingle
ieypaIr Isusedfor EECrypIIEREndIheoihe halfIe decryption.
hiEEIE
leIr. Ihesecret halfofauser's key.pair inEnasymmetric
stsism.ThapriEiIEkeyisIEioEEionlytoIhEEEEE
Shoulder
suiIEig:Findingoui whatEuser islying bt laoiingover
their shoulder,
andwatchingthe keyboardormonitor.
$EEEplaaguk
g Passivelyeavesdroppingonnetworktraffic in
order tocapturevalEEhiedataor secrets,suchESuSerpaSSwOrds.
Reiilayagark PlayingbECkanotherparly's packets orother mssages
recordedin EpriorEENipingauEckinEREIIoit Ioaccomplish
the same
orsimilar Eforls (achievedbt theEutharizeiiehvark
user)earlier.
Troja
nless:ApieceatcadE,embsddedIEEnotewisebenign
ixogram,
thaiis usedIoEnEckasite.

one

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;..- ISBN:1.886801 56-8;-':!> ' """: . '-;.-:. =':..>p,''j~"-",::~~' the DGSE.;:;,.

"

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:;. Price:$69.95!,:-':""-::;-:-":"-":,:
.':.-'::-":::=~": -""i"''~":-':."';-:;.-.' Vhe Cudraoi Egyt

ing form of corporate or institutional net-,, the Nazeef ComputerEsplEENuge


:;='Author. Ciilford Stoll
,: working known as intranets
i nternal net-:.;
+!::;~~!~
i
s',!~/~A
'- works that utilizes Ihternet HTML and Web:-."
,Pubilslar. Pocket Books'","'r:.",,-:.'-e
"
q~>
P~.""-."
";:
.:-,"
ISBN:
0-6717-2688-0
-'
~4"'
page technologywhile limiting access.""'"",:,:.One of the main justifications for'.,: Softcover
intranets is to limit the security risks inher- Price: $8.95:,'";.'ent in a wide open Internet Web site that is:,:.;",.
This is the dassic, true story of network secu-:I
rerk A netwatk"..
;jaccessible to all, However, Intianefs have to.':.",';i rity:intrigue'-and detective::.1E
)be carefully designed and maintained in'""' adrmnistratot' with too much time on his"'
corder to be really secure. This book describes~i hands decides to track down a 7Smnt,
8 how to mess the requirements for establish- <".' biBing Irregularity in network time usage,
'..:; ing a reliable, .efficient Intranet, how to<@,
and is launched into an International hunt.',I

';:;:,;;;g
+:::'

,,'-.: guard against catastrophic-faBure, and te.",-'., for hackers who are brea'kfng into govem-"
" ment, military and other computer networks '
recoverfrom any failures that occur.
intranet SenInty also deais with Year 2000 .:;.': all over the U.S. A brilliant wakeup caB for
roblems, security implications of Java tech-''.-:, the cybernetic age.:,'~;:~q,:.",s,","',.-;'::.:.:'.;;-'
.- ; - : , :

Source:PocketGlossaryofSeaeily TermbyNetworkAssociaiEE

51

. .

entt ates"ort tlie rapidly grow-'','',Trodring


~,
I Spv Th euyh "' s"",:.;:;,"~;"-'.",.".:,'id
' This book con'c

Jeff Evans

0 nology, Microsoft's cryptography, and securi-.".:

: ~

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THE COMPUTERPAPER CREATERTORONTO EDITION www.tcp.ca SEPTEMBER 1998

library, Store the backups in a safe place.


If your computer system goes down, your
backups can be loaded onto another computer and you can continue to work, learn or

Theft

play. If you have acomputer for your business,

Com
puters a re extremely attractive items for

then you should have arrangements in place


to get a replaceinent PC i mmedi
ately if necessary. Most of the better PC vendors offer
onsite service and replacenient PCs, though
these extra warranty features may come at an
extra cost.
The larger the company, the more elaborate, comprehensive and swift the recovery
plan should be. For medium and large enterprises, this often means an ongoing relationship with a major disaster recovery firm, up to
and including backup sites ready to go on a
moment's notice.

Vlretses
Computer viruses are software programs, written by malicious or mischievous persons, that
copy themselves automatically to computer
hard drives or floppy disks. Once released into
the computer-using world, they may spread

for years. This is a very common problem for


PC users, where exchanging information over
networks, using disks supplied by another
computer user, or downtoading files from the
internet potentially puts one at risk with

every file transfer or email attachment.

running at all times is the main doorway to


infection of a PC or a network.

thieves, since they are easily soid for substantial amounts of cash. Also, the information on
the computer can have greater vaiue than the
computer itself. In soine cases, proprietary
business information, relating to bids on contracts, corporate plans, or the development of

new products, can be worth millions, Their


toss, or knowledge of the data by a competitor
can put a company out of business.
Notebook PCs are particularly attractive to
thieves: in Toronto alone, police estimate as
many as 5,000 notebook computers are stolen

annually.
Defences against hardware theft include
locking computer equipment down with
high-strength metal cables, as well as other
common sense security measures, such as
locked doors, surveillance and burglar alarms.
Most brand-name notebook computers
include a reinforced area surrounding a slot
that will accommodate a standard cable locking system designed specifically for portables,
Critical data should be encrypted so that
even if an industrial spy gains access to it, it
will be useless without the encryption key.
Security software that "turks" on a hard drive
can send an alert pinpointing the location of
a stolencomputeras soon as it is connected to
the Internet. Serial numbers can be electronically engraved on major computer system

The usual defense for an individual PC


user is to run a good, current anti-virus program such as Norton Anti Virus or McAfee
VirusScan. For a business, a virus scanner is
part of m o s t s e rver f i rewall software. components.

enhance system performance." The

simple

neglect to keep an up-to-date virus checker

T HE SECURE C O M P U T E R

could affect you in at least three ways. First, if


your computer or your company's computer
network fails on New Year's Day 2000, you
could be out of work very quickty. Second, if
other services outside your home or company
fail (such as the computer systems of your
Internet service provider, or key government
agencies or business clients or suppliers), you
could be out of business. Third, if the nuclear
power plant down the road melts down from
a Year 2000 giitch, the country could be out of
business.
If you are feeling adventurous, you can
devise Year 2000 tests simply by advancing
your computer clock to a few minutes to midnight, Dec. 31 1999. Once your PC's clock has
rolled over to the new year, you can turn it on
and observe what happens with your PC's
date, the dates in your applications, etc. Make
sure you' ve backed up your data before you do
that, however.
Many people are dumping their old, nonYear 2000 compliant computer software and
hardware, and replacing it with certified Year
2000-compliant p r o ducts. One m a j or
headache is converting all data files, ranging
from database entries to address books to
word processed documents into a Year 2000
compatible format.
If you have any degree of complexity in
your computing system, you should invest in
a Year 2000 consultant. Better hurry, though,
because they are in very short supply already.
Hacking

ln computer terminology,
a "hacker" wasorigina&y someone who simply had the persis-

According to IBM's Calletto, "Many customers


turn off the virus scanners on their firewalls to

Year 2000 Crfsls


This is a topic for a whole series of artides
(and it is discussed regularly in TCP),but it

tence and ingenuity to find a solution to a difficutt technical challenge. He or she would

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simply "hack away" at a problem until it was


so! ved, Beginning in the 19SOs or early 1960s,
the term was apparently associated with engineering students' constant modification of
' the elaborate wiring system of a model train
setup at th e M assachusetts Institute of
Technology (h II'I').
With the growth of computing, the term
became attached to any kind of relentless
attack on network computing security systems, Hackers find the process of figuring out
flow to get Into a secure conlputer netwol'k
and its archives an interesting mental puzzle.
According to Galletto, the average hacker is a
young male who "is doing it mostly for fun
and social prestige. and the challenge of getting into places they aren't supposed to be."
Galletto says only about 20 percent of
hacking is related to crime or fraud, increasingly for i n dustrial espionage purposes.
Hackers use a variety of techniques ranging
trom "human engineering" (conning legitimate computer users into giving out passwords and user Il)s, for example), to manually testing network security barriers, to
employing sophisticated hacking software
(such as the Satan and Ballista programs) to
lind cracks in network security by sheer automated persistence.
Many hackers become obsessive in their
efforts, particularly if they develop a personal
Ideology that they feel justifies their hacking
efforts (fighting "'I'he System" ), or if they
develop a criminal aspect to their activities,
such as engaging in online theft or Iraud to
support their lifestyle.
Some of the most high-profile hackers
have developed a kind of Robin Hood outlaw
fame. Kevin Mitnick, an obsessive hacker who
is alleged to have broken into many corporate
and governn)ent networks. was eventually
tracked down by one of his victims and prosecuted. I'he t hought o f o t he r M i t n ick
wannabes honing their hacking skills is a
nightmare for many system managers.
ln an extreme, early instance of hacking
for fun and profit described in the classic, true
hackertale,The C:Hckoo'sEgg,a G erm an hacker group broke into various U,S. defence and
research networks, at least partly to supply
information to the Soviets for money.
I')efences against hacking include "human
engineering"
co u n t ermeasures training
computer users not to give out passwords to

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x 600 dpi color/SSW

Dry, lade.prool,
smear-proof, welar-prool

security breaches, and regularly changing


passwords and user IDs.
Also, there is a large business for computer security consultants to test networks for
security holes, and recommend solutions.

Sometimes disgruntled employees or other


angry folk try to do damage to computer systems, such as by erasing and reformatting
hard drives, stealing or physically breaking
computer equipment. 'I'hey may be motivated
by a desire for revenge, personal unhappiness,
(rarely) political ideology, boredom, or a
desire to extort or defraud money from the
threatened individual or company.
Defences include restrictions on physical
access to computer facilities, maintenance of
data backups in separate and secure storage,
video and online surveillance, maintenance
of complete logs of computer and network
activities, and both human and automated
monitoring of computer systems, to detect
attempts to damage equipment or data.

Inh)aslon of privacy
There are a variety of ways that letting out
network or the Internet can hurt you. You
may not want your love letters intercepted

and widely posted to the Internet, nor for


your address and personal information on
Corrtirrrrrrf orr page6$

IISII OMSlltII SCSICable


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66 Pins to 68 Plasm Pins/0825 Pins


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FULL LINE COMPUTER


RETAIL OUTLET

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Sabotage and vandallsan

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Electronicfraud and theft


In a world where most money is an electronic
promise to pay rather than physical gold or
silver or paper currency, to trick financial
information out of a company such as a bank,
or phone company is the equivalent of a bank
robbery, but usually much safer. I:raud artists
attack Web commerce sites, trying to get
goods and services for free, and attempt to
.steal telecommunications services such as
long distance phone time, or space on network servers to "camp out" with their stolen
data.
An individual I'C user in general has relatively little to fear, as long as you don't give
out your credit card information to anyone
you aren't sure abou(. However, if you start
operating a business over the Internet, or
mal'e purchases from companies you aren' t
familiar with, you may get burned. Never,
ever give out personal financial informa(ion
by phone or via computer.

Internal SCSI
h>edemai% Pins 6 aaPins

BXPS
kncro DlyPrlnhrr

According to Galletto, this is called "ethical


hacking," where computer expertshave a
client's permission to try to penetrate a secure
network or decrypt files, and then report
weaknesses and solutions. Alarmingly, most
networks can be penetrated, given enough
time and effort. Some of the "ethical hacking"
tools are frighteningly effective, according to
Galletto.

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TORONTO EDITION www.tcp.ca

BC 0 C 00 1 8 ..
Intel Pll 300 System
Pentium II mother board
64MB SDRAM
6.4GB hard disk
"e

Network
solution

Cabling

:3

V.90 V/F modem


15" SVGA monitor
Mid-tower case
1.44floppy drive
Stereo speaker
Keyboard 4 Mouse
Windows 98

upgrade

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Repair

Maintainence

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Service

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PENTIUM -II-266-INTEL,32MB SDRAM,ASSUS P2L97 MB, 3.2GB HARD DR,


TOSHIBA DVD CD ROM, A WE64 SOUND BLASTER, 15" MONITOR,KEYBD,
MOUSE,ATI 8MB AGP VIDEO CARD,ACALTEC LANSING SPEAKERS,
56K ACER MODEM,1.44 FLOPPY

$1 2 9 9 PLUS TAXES
CPU SrMOTHERBOARDS

IDE Fuitsu 4.3GB U47MA


IDE Fuilsu 3.2GB U4)MA

$239
$189
$329

IDE Seegate 4.3GS. U4SMA

$169

IDE Maxtor 7.5GB MS 7200RPM $389


IDE Maxtor-10.9GB MS 7200RPM $549
IDE Ouantum Firball 3.2GB U-OMA $194
IDE Quantum Firball 4.3GB U-DMA $219
IDE Quantum Firball 6.4GB U-DMA $269
IDE Quantum Firball 8.4GB U-OMA $379
IDE Quantum EL 2.5GB
$189
IDE Quantum EL 5.1GB
$239
$369
IDE Quantum EL7.6GB
$489
IDE Quantum EL 10.4GB
IDE Seagate Medalist Pro 4.5GB $279
IDE Seagate Medalist Pm 6.5GB $439
IDE Western Digital 3.2GB U-DMA $207

IDE Western Digital 4.3GB U-DMA $205


IOE Western Digital 6.4GB U4)MA $259

U-SCSI Quantum Fireball 4.3GB $369


U-SCSI Quantum Fireball 6.4GB $499
UNCSI Quantum Fireball 8.4GB CALL
UW-SCSI Qu. Vikingll 4.5GBua ew $399
UW-SCSI Qu. VEdngll 4.5GBums~ $49S
UWNCSI Qu. Vikingll 9.1GBue ~ CALL

UW-SCSI Seagateencevr.sessrewsr &749


UW-SCSI Seagate cxwuvsxossr-rsrorv$1149

Panasonic
3.5"1.44Meg fl
oppy drive $24
Pan.LS-1 20 3,5 120Meg flappy drive $129
LS-1 20 120M Disk
$22
IOMega Int IOE 100Meg ZIP drive $109
IOMega Parallel 100Meg ZIP drive $199
Syquest Inl/Ext 1GB Sparo drive $2 99
Syquest 1GB SparQ cartiage, 3 pack$1 55
IDE ISA controller w/16550
$35
SCSI-PCI ASUS SC-200
$89
SCSI4xCI ASUS SC4)75 Ultrawide $149
SCSI-PCI Adaptec2940U
$219
SCSI-PCI Adaptec2940UW (bulk)$ $249

$5

Caoling Fen (Ball Bearing)4Pentium $9


Coating Fan for Pentium ii
$12
CPV Chips only
$195/239
AMD KMD 266/300
Intel Pentium 200MMX CPU

Call

Intel Pentium 233MIIIX CPU


Call
Intel Pent.ll 266, 512K (bulk)
Call
I ntel PenLII 266, 512K SFan (retail) C a ll
Call
Intel Pent.ll 300. 512K (bulk)
I ntel Pent.ll 300, 512K SFan (retail) C a ll
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Intel PenLII 333, 512K (bulk)
I ntel Pent.4 333, 512K SFan (retail) C a l l
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Intel Pentll 350, 512K (bulk)
I ntel Pentll 350, 512K &Fan (retail) C a l l
Intel Pent.ll 400, 512K (bulk)
Call
I ntel PenLII 400, 512K SFan (retail) C a l l

Efotheihoertssonly
$117
ASUS TXP4 512K 430TX
$129
ASUS TX97L 512K 430TX
ASUS TX97-X 512K 430TX ATX
$136
$159
ASUS P2L97 440LX A77f
ASUS P2L970 440LXoust cpu ATX $339
ASUS P2L97S 440lx uw.scat+t0647)f $274
ASUS P28438 440BX OustUw-acalATX$569
ASUS P28 440BX ATX
$219
ASUS P28-S 440BX uw.scat+toEATX $369
ASUS P2L97DS OUALUvv4/cat+/0647X $439
SSS
HOUSTON PENTIUM

INPUT DEVICES

$16
Acer 104 keys keyboard
Keytonic 104 keys keyboard
$1 6/29
Microsoft Natural Keyboard(w/System) $69
$14
Mitsumi mouse MS compatible
Microsoft Intelli Mouse (w/System only) $29
$18
Lagitech Serial/PS2 mouse
Lagitech First Mouse Pluse (Serial/PS2) $23

CD DRIVES Sr WRITERS

SONY int 24X SCSI CO Drive


NEC int 32X SCSI CD Drive
TOBHIBA 32X IDE CODrive
Panetxtnic int 24X IDE CODrive

were of a very low standard personal informa-

$119

$129
$79

$69

lent, quick and cheap way to get a basic


understanding of the issue.
The Amazon.corn Web site is an excellent
resource for searching titles in print, or you
can use the computerized catalog at your local
library. Also, the Web sites of the major PC
security s o ftware c o mpanies ( Network

Associates/McAfee, Symantec, IBM) are a good


source of information.
If you have a bit of extra time, surf the

Web looking for sites under key words such as


"hacker" or "network security." Beware,
though, some of the sites you' ll find are pretfrequented by the bad guys you' re trying to

tion of customers, correspondents or surfers was avoid. As well, the information on private
routinely collected, exchanged, and used for
marketing purposes without the individuals'
explicit permission. Again, the solution is not to
give out personal information over the Internet
unless you are explicitly informed of how it will
be used, and you are willing to trust that assurance. If in doubt, don't give any information.

Web sites range from very good to deliberate


misinformation.

Once you have become proficient with


the terminology and basic concepts of com-

puter security, you have to decide how much


you can spend for professional help.
According to Galletto, the best rule of thumb

is to compare your potential for losses against

Ideally, we'd deal with possible computer


problems before they happen. In practice, we
often tend to wait until we' ve been burned

Real Magic DVD Oecorder


A cer inl 6 by 2 IDE CO-Writer kit

PENTIUM 11-266-INTEI. SYSTEM 8'rre DVD CD ROM

IOE/SCSI hard drive removable kit

A recent survey of privacy practices adopted

There is a wide variety of books available on


computer security that constitute an excel-

by online businesses found that they generally ty wild and woolly, and some may in fact be

Panasanic int 32X IDE CD Di/ve


Toshiba int DVO 2 Drive Only

BACK TO SCHOOL SPECIAL!!!

DRIVES a CONTROLLERS

munications over the Internet, encrypt them.

Practicing
safe computing

Iviajor Mackettzie

M
0

SCSI external Case 2bays

not wish to have your personal financial, consuming habit and employment information
traded widely amongst hundreds of marketing companies, or for your email address to be
used to send mountains of bulk email (spam)
to your email box.
The best defence against this is to never put
personal information online. Assume that any
email you send can be read by strangers, including some with hostile intent, as well as by your
boss, the office gossip, your co-workers, the network operation staff, and your other family
members. If you still want to send personal com-

24x CDROM drive

Wellcom Computer & Services

ONLY

Learn about computer


pedophiles, cranks or psychos. You may also security from the experts

S3 2MB video card

EV.xsvf et,.~:;";:: '::::t

before we act. If you decide to be pro-active,


here are some suggestions:

your children to become available to online

16bit 3D sound

V.90 V/F modem


17" SVGA monitor
ATX-Tower case
1.44 floppy drive
80W stereo speaker
PS/2 Keyboard 4 Mouse
Window 98

$1759

Continued tyofn page66(

Intel Pll Celeron 266


Pentium II mother board
32MB SDRAM
2GB hard drive
. ' og x' , ,

4MB AGP video


SB16 sound card
24xCDROM dr ive

The loy of safe computing

$74
$174
$119
$36 9

Yamaha intCdw4260 s srx scsi coxvww.$61 9


$2. 19
Blank CD<lac (BASE)
Blank Rewritable CD disk (YAMAHA) $49

SOUND CARDS
$21
Soundblaster 16 ce/d PnP(bulk) 3D $39
S oundblaster AWE 64 Value(bulk) $ 7 9
Soundblaster AWE 64 Gold (retail) $169
EnsoniqAudio PCI sound card $
49
Acer 16 bit

C reative Ensaniq PCI sound cant $ 5 4


S ound Blaster 64 PCI sound card $ 1 5 9
Y amaha Diamond Monster MSO $ 1 2 9

SPEAKERS Sr MIGS
Basic speakers

Altec Lansing ACS45 Subwoofer


Altec Lansing ACS46 Subwoofer
Altec Lansing ACS43
Headphone with microphone

MEMORY

ATI Xpert 4M (SOOIMM)


SIMM 1M/4M-70, 30 pins
SIMM 16M-60. 72 pins rwsaco
SIMM 32M4)0, 72 pins teseco
DIMM 32M, 166pins sesxu
OIMM 32M, 168pins raeeesasxu
OIMM 64M, 168pins sctuasewe
DIMM 64M, 168pins iexee scsxu
OIMM 128M, 168pins smuw
DIMM 128M, 168pins tasse scexu

INKJET PRINTERS

$14

$99

$179
$44

$12

$29
$15

$24/21
$44/40
$40
$52

$99
$119
$199
$219
$169

Epson Stylus 600 Color


Epson Stylus 900 Color

$169
$269
$395
$379

Epson Stylus Photo 700


Epson Stylus Photo 850
HP DeskJet 692C Color
HP Desk Jet 800 Color
HP DeskJet 1000 Color

LASER/LED PRINTERS

HP 6L 6ppm 1M 600dpi
HP 6P Sppm 2M 600dpi
HP 3100xi6ppm 2M 600dpi
HP 6MP Sppm 3M600dpi
HP 4000 17ppm 4M 1200dpi
HP 4000N 17ppm SM 1200dpi

PRINTER ACCESSORIES
4/8 Meg HP 4+l4M+4PI5PI6P

4/6 Meg HP 4/4Si/5Si/1 200


4/8 Meg HP SU6L
16 Meg HP 4+/4M+4P/5P/6P
16 Meg HP 4000
HP Taner far 4U4P/4MP
HP Toner for 5USL
HP Taner for 5P/5MP/6P/6MP
HP INJET CARORIGES

$239

$495
$529
$359
$849
$515

CALL
CALLCALL
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a simple home business, a basic do-it-yourself


plan (data backup, uninterruptible power supply, anti-virus software, watching what you
Continued of/ page 70

CALL
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$30/60
CALL

CALL
$49
CALL

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149
CALL
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SCANNERS

Microtek V310color scanner trww s$129


Microtek V600 color scanner /~$1 69
$359
HP ScenJet 5P scanner

FAX MODEMS
A GER 56K Int with voice V.90 $7 5
$69
JATON INT 56K
$69
HARMONY 56K
33.6 MODEM
$39
USR 56K Int V.90 VOICE Modem $119
USR 56K Ext V.90
$159
U SR 56K Ext with vaice V.90
$25 9

NETWORKS (Ethernet)

OvisLink 16bits ISA card


$19
OvisLink 6 ports 10 Base T hub $25
GVC 16 bil s ISA card (PnP)
$39
GVC 32 bit s PCI card (PnP)
$89
DLink PCI 10 combo
$49
DLinkPCI 10/100 Base T c ard $ 3 9
DLink 4 parts 100 base T hub S CALL
Intel EtherExpress Pra/100+PCI $129

3COM PCI 10/100 Base T card $89


CALL
$23
3COM 8 ports 10 Base
CALL
$ 1 1 9 3COM 8 ports 100 Base
CALL
$29
3COM Superstack 12 ports
Cinus Logic 5446 2M PCI
CALL
Ethernet
Cable
ATI 3D Xpressian EDO 2M PCI $49
$9
Ethernet
10/100
error
wee~
ATI 3D Xpressian EDO 4M PCI $69
$15
$139
Ethernet 10/100 arses~
ATI XpertOPlay 98 SM
$1
$69
10 Base T(RJ45)Jack
ATI XpertOXL 4M
$1
BNC
~a
xc
ra
vage
ATI XpertOWORK 8M AGP
$11 9
$3
$89
Terminator
ATI Xpert 98 8M AGP
ATI All-in-Wonderpro SMB
$297
$189
SOFTWARE
MATROX G200
Windows 98 Retail
$139
MATROX 9 MIL SMB AGP
$169
Creative 3D Blaster Vaadao2 8M CALL W indows NT4.0vweeevv<aaa $ 1 4 9
D iamond Viper V330 4M PCI
$11 4
Windows NT 4.0 Server 10 User $989
$349
Diamond Monster 3D Voodoo2 SMSCALL MS O/5ce Pro 97
$49
Diamond Fire GL 1000 Pro 4M $ 169
Lotus Smart Suite 97
Diamond Fire GL 1000 Pro 8M $249
M atrox RAINBOW RUNNER
$19 9
priceandavailability subject to change
$94
Intel Express 30 4M

VIDEO CARDS

Trident 1M
A TI TV tuner for V.B/3D Xpr.

MONITORS

Canon BJC-250Cokx

Canon 8 JC-4300 Color


Epson Stylus 400 Color

HP 5000 16ppm 4M 1200dpi


HP 5000N 16ppm SM 1200dpi

a reasonably sized security budget. Don' t


spend a fortune if your network isn't worth a
fortune.
If you are a home PC user or are operating

14" AGER Non-In 1024.28


15" AGER 1024 .28
17 Acer 76C 1280.27
17 Acer 78C 1600.26
17" Acer 79G 1600.25
15 KDS 1280.26
17' KDS 1280.25
17 Sony 200ES 1280.25
17 Sony 200GS 1260.25
17" Optiquest v775 160026
15"Viewsonic E655 1260.28
1 7 Viewsonic E771 1260.26
17 * Viewsonic P775 1600.25

1 9' Viewsonic G790 1600.26

1 9' Viewsonic PS7901600.25

2 1 thewsonic G8101600.25
2 1 Viewsonie P8101600.25

$195
$219
$399
$499
$549
$195
$425
$660
$799

$541
$289
$45 9
$696
$65 9

$ 9 79
$13 6 9
$14 7 9

OIIIPll

Tel: (905) 305-8676


Fax: (905) 305-8674

505 Hood Road, Unit 7,


Markham, Ont.,L3R5V6
www.compu(6tfink$y$tems.corn

~i

SEPTEMBER1998 THE COMPUTER PAPER GREATERTORONTO EDITION www.tcp.ca

T H E S E CURE COMPUTER

m~

T'Ll mau % n M

SPPT 9g

+ U A L XT Y j S E R V I C E P 8 L A S S U R A N C E
xa

8
ENPC 430TXM/UNBOARD w/512K
CPU w/HEATSINK 8 FAN
MID TOWER CASE MAYS w/0 PS
32 MB SUPER FAST16SPIN SDRAM (1ONS)
L44 PANASONICFLOPPY DRIVE
3.2G UDMAHARDDRIVE
2 HIGHSPEED SEWAL PORTS
1 SPPIECP/EPP PRINTER PORT
S3 4N PC( VIDEO CARD

ACERVlEW 17"

MATROX AOPEN 56K


Y 9() / PCI

MILLENIUM 6200
(RETAIL)

78c

$499

WINSS 104 KEYBOARD


24X ~
IC INTERNAL CD-ROM
TRUE 158IT SOUNDCARD
00 WATTS SPEAKER
SERIALMOUSE (2BUTTONS) w/PAD
56K MODEM VSOINTERNAL F /D IV

$199

$79

DEPARTSNOT EXACfLY AS SHOWN'

9Elfd~EPAYXII8'
ASUS P2LST 440LX MAINSOARD FCIR 233-333
128 MB SUPERFAST 1684xIN SDRAIN (10NS)
ASUS P28440BX MAINBOARD FOR 350MO
128 MB SUPERFAST 1884xlN SDRAIN(PC100 - ONS)
INTEL CPU w/512K CACHE 8 FAN
DELUXE ATXMID TOWER CASE 7-BAYS w/250 PS
1A4 PANASONIC FLOPPY DRIVE
8.4G QUANTUNIUDMA HARD DRIVE
2 HIGHSPEED SERIALPORTS

WINDOWS 08 CD SMANUAL

1 SPPlECP/EPP PRINTERPORT

T ll R B O

ATI XPERT 08
AGP w/SMBCSN
WIN05 MITSUMIPS/2 104 KEYBOARD
32X PANASONICINTERNAL CD4EOM
SOUND BLASTER 64 SOUNDCARD axN
SOUND FORCE 600 SPEAKER
MICROSOFT PS/2MOUSE w/PAD
A GER K56VSO ~
PCIF I /DV NIODEM

CHARGED UPORA()ES

I
I
INTEL INMXCPU
I
P233 ININX
$428

YOU GET.....

AMD CPU

K6.233
K6-266

32 MEGSSCRAM - CONS
INTEL 430TX 612K
HEATSINK 8 FAN
63 4M PCIVIDEO

$338
360

P-] 2 6
P-]f M0

AIND K841 CPU

32 NIEGS SDRAM - PC100


ENPC Pl 11 NRACISPSEYI

K641 - 286

P-] [ 3 33

I ENPC EP-PT11 43OTX 512K MMX

$115
$135
$135

ASUS TXP4 43OTX 512K MMX


TYAN 1571 5 43OTX 51
2K MMX
8580 ( ENPC Pl-1I MVP3 VIA CHIPSET 512K
$540I

Jfg E~P~ /612

P0-288
PN-300
PO-333

32MEGSSD'RAM 10NS
INTEL440LX.BOARD

HEATSINK 8 FAN

$135
$140

$730 ~ ENPC EP-KL11/ KE11 PENT. II 440(X AY


ENPC EP-KB21 PENT. 0 440BXAY
x

'EXTRA CHARGE
FORNEW CASE HAY APPLY
'

32

5.'I

$205

QUANTUM
M i

$12

MAXTQR

FUJITSU
SEAGATE

$250

4.3 i

E2
$ 105

4.3
$2 2 5

7.6

$3 5 5

64

E4

I
)

102

8.4

4.3 I

INASARxt
PMIOE 6IIR) $28 5

TEKRAM PENT. II 440LX / 440SX AYx


ABIT PENT. Il LXO440LX / BXO44QSX AIx
ASUS PENT.IIP2LST IP2L978 440lX AYX
ASUS PENT. II P2LS/D/ P2LSTDS 44OLXAYx
ASUS PENT. IIP28/P28-8 440BXAYx

8.4
$380

ASUS PENT. II P289 / P2BO-5 440BXAlx

$485

TYAN 16025 / DL PENT II 440LX AYxwxsious


TYAN 18458 44OSXAn

1.5

6.4

5 220

4.5 i

$280

$2' / 0

0.5

$355

DIAMOND STEALTHG640 8M AGP osx

AGER/NEC/ PANASONIC 32X


PANASONIC NEC
l 24X SCSI CD-ROM
CREATIVESLASTER DVD-ROM X2 DRIVE

R1

%5
550
$110
$165
$110
$'l85
$325/$375
$125
$210
$210
$445
$135

CREATIVE PC4R/D ENCORE-DXR2 MYAA

$140
$100
$150/8205
$1 70/$230
$1/5/$280
$360/$470
$235/$425
$445/$505
$1%/$355
$255

risks to the timely availability of your critical antivirus scanning software on the server and
data, and risks to parts of your computing
infrastructure. According to Tile Eco/lolrliS(
research, infrastructure consists of "hardware,
networks, software, people, and business

processes."
The security plan has to have the support
of senior management (or as an individual
user, you have to make it a high priority and
stick with it). All employees have to be educated on the risks and the security plan: they
have to learn a common "language" of security in order to understand and behave appro-

$855
$205/$335
8475/8505/8685
$385
$1250

SAMSUNG500s / OO
OO

SAMSUNG 700sI700bITOOP
MITSUSISHI DIAMONDSCAN 50
HITAGHI CM/51 10'

MISSISSAIjGA

'45

Fax: (416) 223-9260 ]


t

w LI-ION / EXT.
+ LI-ION / SLIM
4 DESK TOP TYI/INCHARGER

ir)

Stores

Fer STAR TAG


For ERICSSON

19

For clear/4ET

$60
$145
$195

8 MOst McdelS

Hast Nodaim

Nl MH /EXT.

%0 AetiVufier2 I'ee
$85
$00

3f5

'14 9 -"
NO COIttraCf

One Year

Most Models

warran
ty

CellUIar Battery Corp.

TBI: (116) 701-9876


Fax: (416) 701-9862

$65
$75
$40

Details

855090

SGARBO R OUGH

ef

Special OtFer
with purchase of phone

$25
$95

1 Tel: (416) 223-9608 I

For a small- to medium-sized business


with a more substantial network and perhaps
online commerce activity, an integrated security solution fro/n a solution provider such as
Network Associates or IBM would be worth
considering. There will be a cost attached to
the initial consultation, system design and
implementation, and follow up t raining,
maintenance, u p grading a n d di s aster
response. Training an d s u rveillance of
employees and netv ork use or misuse may be

$315

f 1286 Kennedy Rood, Unit IP2


6981 Yon
Onge
0 Street
lee
(ComerOI DundOsEaSt& Ki/win Ave. I
{Between Ei lesmere 8 Lawrence)
(SE Comer of Yonge Ix Stsele)
)60)AYpy 0 ) Q Hwo/4oNo)

Tel: (9M) 277 3999


Fox: (9M) 277-5999

be trained on the correct operation of the


security policy, and passwords and user IDs

Bgg lgS

$130
USR INT. MODEM wVOICE 56K INT/EXTYw Aaaa. $1 05/$255

llll(}gTH yO~

security problem. All employees will have to

pcs

PLEASE CALL FOR ANY UNLISTED ITEMS


103 Du/dos Street Eost

A trusted computer consultant should also be


available to be called in if you feel you have a

digital

AGER INT. MODEM


w/VOICE 55K Yeasx
AGER WT.INODEM wNOICE 55K wo Fo
USR INT,
MODEM w/VOICE 5OK oxN

book PC tracingsystem such asCompuTrace.

Authorized Dealer

$515/$515

the networked PCs, a firewall program on the


server that isolates the local network from the
Internet, remote access software with password protection such as Symantec's PC
Anywhere, a mass storage backup system,
email encryption software, and a stolen note-

wili have to be changed frequently.

You will likely have to buy and install security hardware and software products to make
your security plan a reality.
For a personal computer, the "security
kit" for your family PC might include: antivirus software, reference books on security
and safety o n l ine, password-controlled
access to sensitive data on the hard drive,
Internet childproofing software such as Net

$80
$100
$145
$175

CANONBJC-250 I4400
$180/$270
$270 CANON BJC-5000/7000L
$425/$485
$445/$510 EPSON 400I 500 / 800
$220/$285/$410
$305 EPSON 1520
$1055
$545/$925 EPSON 3000
$2475
$255/8510 EPSON COLOUR PHOTO 700
$375
$415 HP 602C /722CI 1120C
$275/$410/$555
$705/$915/$1085 LEXMARKJETPRINTER 5000 / 5700
$275/$375
$1375 LBWRK 3ETPRINTER 7200/7200V
$425/$535
$355/5545 MUSTEK 1200 III EP I SP Colar FISIUSO ~r sea $2 70/$345
8745/8775/$005 PLUSTEK 4531 P S535P
/
$85/$105
$020 PLUSTEK 0536T wnwwspxxxxcvxpxxxex
$245
$15/5/81855 HP SCANJET4S /51OOC /6100C
$2/0/$375/$885

SONY2OOES /GS /PS


SONY 4OOPS
VIEWSONIC P655 I GTTI
VIEWSONICP775 / GT775 / PT775
VIEWSONIC G70010
VIEWSQNIC P810/ P815
OPTIQUESTV/73/ V/75
OPTIQUESTV05 10'

Develop a security policy


To develop a computer security plan you have
to define the risks to data, risks of accessibility to your network by inappropriate persons,

HP SURESTORE
7200i IDE CD WRITER (OR I 2W)Axrxu.
72004 PARALLEL CD WRITER (OR I 2W)xxYAL
YAEIAHA CDRW
4250 INTERNAL(OR/4W) SCSI DRIVE BAREI KIT $555/$705
425OX EXT (OR/4W) SCSI DRIVE BARE I KIT
$7?5/$055
PLEXTOR
PLEXWRITER 4l12 SCSI CD-ROM WRITER
MEMOREX CD IASEL4IAKERKIT

TRUE 15.BIT SOUND CARD ESS 1858sx

8
DIAMOND SONIC IMPACT STQ
FeuAAYNg
5 /AW E54 ox-aas
CANAPUS PURE 3D LX / 3D II (X xxYAA
$155/$305 SOU NDBLASTER 'I
SOUNDBlASTER
ENSONIO
~.
oas
CREAT. 3D BlASTERVOODOO2 OINI 12M ABNL $275/$375
DIAMOND MONSTER 3D 6 OM l 12MoxN
$255/$365 SOUNDSLASTER PC I 128po- Axe.
DIAMOND MONSTER 3D II OM I 12MxxYNc
$325/ 3 415SQUNDBlASTER 54 GOLD (ASP) W/4Mixx. AIYAA
ACERVIEW 55c
ACERVIEW 75c I YOC
SCEPTRE D54
SCEPTRE DT3A'17' l USTA 10'
MAG XJ500T I DXFOO
T
SONY 1OOES

mend "training" on the use of the home PC,


but unless everyone who uses the computer
is willing to conduct safe computing, then
your security policy is only as strong as its
weakest link.
For a small business with a local network
and a server, your security kit might include

PANASONIC 24X

$405

S3 VIRGE 4MPCI
ATI 3DXPR RAGE w/2M PCIONLY oIN
ATIEXPERT 68 PC ISM MN
ATI EXPERT 08O PLAY PCI 8M oUx
ATI EXPERT 00 8MAGPPox
ATI EXPERT 08 Q PIAY AGPOM
ATI ALL-IN-WONDERPRO 4M / SMAGPoxN
MATROX PRODUCTIVA G1 00 OMAIYAAAAP
TRQX NIYSTIQUE G2008M AGP MYAA ~
MATROX MILLENIUM G200 AGP OMAA
YNL
M ATROX MARVEL G200-TVOM AGP AIIAA

service provider. It may sound odd to recom-

money on a consultant or a computer services

Implementation

P - ]f 400 P- J[450

ABIT TX543OTX 512K MMX

YOU GET.....

cance,then be prepared to lay out some

priately.

$222& $254& $ GALL

$428

K041 - 300

HEATSINK 8 FAN

P - ] 30 0

$173& $177& $ 191&

YOU GET.....

CoNtilnle<1tro/II Page68

company.

15" SYGA 0.28 MONO'OR

Nanny, a backup device such as an lomega


Zip drive, an uninterruptible power supply,
physical security to your house, an insurance
say online) may be good enough. If you oper- policy, shareware email encryption software
ate a commercial business on the Internet, or such as Pretty Good Privacy, and an Internet
run acomputer-based business of any signifi- account with a professional, reliable Internet

The Joy of safe computing

8gg

Cells from Japan


Iiarranty 6 MenthS
Nloat NlodEIS
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Cellular Phone I PCS Accessories


Etoblcoke

Pac)ric Mall/ Markha/R

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E tahicoka MSC EH5

~ - A N xw
taeaay -seaway(
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(UAXXIA
8uxineSs Depot) acta~

mme
I~-Papal

THE COMPUTER PAPER GREATER


TORONTO EDITION www;tcp.ca

SEPTEMBER1998

4PP THE SECURE COMPUTER g


I

a considerable task.

Maintenance,training and feedback


According to research by the Economist
Intelligence Unit and Arthur Andersen consultants in 1998, nearly two-thirds of large
firms have a formal risk management structure in place. However, only half of those
firms claim to "believe that their risk management practices are solid enough to meet the
challenges that confront global businesses."
In other words even the big guys with big
security budgets don't sleep soundly at night.
They attempt to manage their exposure to
risk, not eliminate it.

Locking the barn door


after the horse is gone
Let's say you either failed to initiate a security
policy, or you initiated it h at, for whatever
reason, something bad (fraud, hardware theft,
computer virus infection) still happened.
What do you do now? Here's checklist:

Investigate what happened


If, for example all the data on your hard drive
has disappeared, what caused this to happen?
A virus! A disgruntled employee'! A hacker?
An industrial spy? A hardware defect? Year
2000 problem? User error? I'ower loss while
writing to disk! You may have to call a consultant to deterlnine this. If you don't have a
backup of the hard drive data, you may have
to send the disk to a disaster recovery service
. to see if the data can be retrieved.
Collect evidence
You should keep an accurate record of the
investigation into the incident, and preserve
or make copies of any relevant evidence or
information. lviore and more companies keep
logs ot' computer, phone and network use, as
well as surveillance videos, and records of
building access card use. You may need an
"audit trail" of evidence to collect insurance,
to take legal action against an employee or
competitor, or to give police an incentive to
regard your case as real, solvable, and therefore worth their attention.

quiet about their troubles. Reasons include


the desire to avoid bad publicity that might
reflect on the company'5 reputation and scare
away clients, to protect the positions of the
executives or technology professionals who
should have prevented the security breach, or
to avoid attracting the attention of more
thieves, hackers or vandals.
Many companies will call in consultants
to analyze the security breach and implement
changes to prevent it from happening again,
but otherwise cover up the event as quickly as
possible. The long-term problem with hiding
security failures is that without aggressive
investigation and punishment, the bad guys
are still out there, only more experienced and
confident, and they' ll likely try again somewhere.

One ongoing requirement of a secure vletwork


is that it s security be regularly tested.
Consultants, with the client's permission, will
conduct "ethical hacking," trying every
known trick to break into a network. As they
identify holes, they make recommendations
on how to close them.
Very often, the flaws are human, not technical. It is very difficult to get most employees
to take security seriously, in the absence of a
proven threat. Human nature is not to perceive a danger as real until it is in the victim' s
face. One useful effect of ethical hacking is
that an employee who has been tricked by
"human engineering" (a deceptive phone call
from the hacker, for example) into giving his
or her password can very quickly be made to
realize how serious security lapse really was.
The limits of safety
As Galietto constantly emphasizes, there is no
such thing as perfect safety.'I'here are just different levels of risk.
A sensible security solution allows people
to go about their working, learning and social
lives relatively free of security concerns, giving an early warning as soon as something is
wrong, which keeps damage to a minimum,
and allows for quick and cost effective recoverv.

Security products and


services: a sampling

Te/: (90S) 944-169/


Fax: (90S) 944- /OPS
8-mai/:

canwi n
oglobalserve. ne/
Mrdymwediu Series
Pentium MMX System

IBM 233
AMD 233

$675

INTEL Pll 266(c) NNX $899",'"


.,'

Systemslndude:
Intel Cele/onCPO,440 IX, Intel, 512M/8,
MMX 32MBSORAM, 3.2GBHOO,
144MB Roppy,4MBAGPVideoCard,
WIN 95,Keyboard, Mouse8 Psd, Midi
Tower,24xCOROM,16bit SoundCard,
100 WattSpeakers, 14"SVGAMonitor,
2 Yearspsrls 8 6Years laborwarranty
24xCDROM,
16 BIT S.CARD
6 SPEAK
ERS

SOUND
BUSTER64PQ......... $99

$75

4~~e It99

$640

QVI
)~EIIIDSS

IMBw/0/am P
smdeNS
ele2MB$29

RREBAU.SE/OUANTUM
2.1G I 3.2G I 4.3G I 6.4G
$179 I $199 I $219 I $269
SEAGAT
E/RLIITSU
2.1G I 3.2G I 4.3G I 6.4G
159 I $179 I $199 I $259

ULTIMEDIA

SOUND
II~D

32MBEDO
..
MAIN BOARD
32MBSD...
PINEVX512kNIMX
$74
PINEIX512kINNIX...........,.....SBB
JPPNT S
TEKRAM
TXGT512K..,...........6'l15
QSA
~NE55
TEKRAMPB440IX..................$139
CANON
SJC256/BJC4300 $149/$235
SCANNERMUSl EK....$99
ASUS
PEEUI 440lX P2I97.......$169 RATBED

IUUI~DDIIVE

TRUE
IBBIT............. . . . . . $19
SOUND
BUISTER16......,..... $39
SOUNDBUSTE
R64AWE........MM

15"
SVGA
NIONITOR

$199

6.4 GB seagate Metelist


3 2x CD-ROM..........g65
-Pro 7200 RPM S329
9

400 Dundas St E
Unit 108
Mississauga
905-281-0204

S3VIRGE4MDRAM...........$55
An 3DXPRIMGE9w/2Mw/SVS ..$55
ATI30XPRRA6E9w/4M SGRAM .$75
An NPOR
TBSw/BMB .........SBS
ATIAU.INWONDERw/4M......$169

Mcnuw
3DEBMB........... 3269

NODED
@
33.6KWNO
ICEACER ....,.....$49
5NWNOICE
,ACERIV.BOI......$79
33.6KUSRD
BOTICS ........MS
5N W/VOI
CE,USROBORCS ....$149

4190 Fairview St
Unit 12B
Burlington
905-333-6637

Ut/ TI/e' <Abuvrff ~

Professional Series

Oeoisoa St.

Pam47'/Jm II System

P-II 266

$1059

Steeles Ave.

920 Deuixow Stxoxt, Unit 4

( M Warden ), Maxkbmn

P-II 3OO

$1139

P-II 333

$1229

Pentium MB w/S l2IC support Mxox


xxm
32 MB SDRAA4169 PkxlenS
2. I GB EIDG Hard Drive, I.44 Floppy
MWi-ToxxerCase 25OWPower Supply
2 MB Pine Vedio Card w/MPEG
24X IDG/ATAPI CD-ROM
168it Sound A Multimedia Speakers

Dreu/H Series
Pentium II System

$1576

P-II 350

$1776

P-H 400

$2069

104Key Win95 ICeybosrd,Mouse JkPxd

565 CollegeSt,
Suite 304
Toronto, Ont.
M6G 182
Fax: (41 6)588-7976

Call Lino Depot Inc. at

(416) 588-8799for 6 free R '


brochure and price list.
x

PENTIUM MIVIX & PENTIUM II SYSTEMS


' Intel TX, 440 LX or 440 BX Board
' 32 MB SDRAM Memory

233 MMI $899


P II 233 $124$
P II 2$S $1209
PII300e $1249
P II 300 $1449
P II 350 $1199
P II 460 $209$

4 3 GB Unra DMA Hard Owve


' 4 MB PCI/AGP Vmeo Card
32X CD-ROM Dwve
Te 64 3D Stereo Sound Card
* 100 Wsns Ampkfxxd Speakers
1 44 MB Floppy Dwve
2 Senal Ports & 1 Parallel Port

' Universw Sexml Ports (USB I


104 Key Keyboard Mouse
56K VoiceFax Data Modem
* AT/ATX Case wxh 250 watts P S
' 15" SVGA 26 MO/xlcf

Intd P-ll CPU (Si 2K)


Plt MB twXd 440 LX w/5 12K w/AGP

64 MB SDRAE4 IESPln I ens


4.3'Oa GIDG Hard Driwe 1.44 Floppy
ATX Mid-Towxx Case250W Power Supply
4 MB AGP Vedio Cxrd
32X IDG/ATAPI CD-ROM
16BR Sound Jx Multimedia Speakers
SEIC Pxx/Voice Int, Modem

104 KeyWines Keyboard, MouseJXPxd

Intel P-II CPU (SI2K)


Anrr Intel 440 BX MD 512/C w/AGP
64 MB PC-IOOSDRAA4
6.4 GB Pijisu Hard Dnve, I.44 Floppy
ATX Mid-Tower Case
SMB ATI XPGRT 99 AGP Vcdio card
32X Acer CD-ROM
SOund Blaxter AWE 64 /k Mukimedia
Speakes
SEK Acer v.90 Fax/Voice IxLt.Modxxn
Miwoxan HmuralKeyboard, MSMxxxc mPad

" 2Txmx /shat& x yxaxparisdepot xxxwxw nx oa ss


cANNIN xxslxm.
' AE px/xxxxmxkxxdy sxx mxcoxnxed
mrcash, Money on/xx andcawUlex cxxvxe.

* pxlcm an xavJxx
todaxse wshoxx notke.

Mon - Fkb 9:Ooxxn-6:00

SM: 10:Ooam - 5:oopm

P&4df (5rppfM~

33.6 Fax/Voice int. Modem

Intel 166

' "

INTEL Pll 300(C) MMX $949svslleble

Personal computer users tend to think of security in personal terms network administrators tend to think of entire systems. As more

CA 1V8'IN
We pmvide high quality computer 8r. puts
Gmnswmewta Corporate PO's Welcome

M880@
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and human engineering

criminal activity to the police

Technologies Inc.

I I

Ethical hacking

Report suspected
Simple idea? Actually, computer security
breaches are one of the least reported categories of cr:me, according to industry insiders.
This is a olten a tough recommendation to
follow through on. Many companies that
have been hacked into or defrauded keep

0
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AMD K6-2- 265(3D)
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MT/LTIMSOTA
AA4o lc6-2-300(3D)
324l 24XCD-ROET
Cyber Dmm SSS
cydx Mlaao54Mx
365 24XCD.ROM Pmmxanic
$65
CyuxMU 233MMX
395 3 2XCDROE4 Cybe Mve
$69
IEMB IJON Hm
$26 32X CD-ROM Aow
$75
IEMB@30 TJP'm
$25 16Dssoxxxelxxwexxxxmm SIS
32MB EDO 72Rn
549 16 TISSoundTsxmw
$35
32ktlB SDRAM I ESPinIonS
$47 AWS64smxxrBlwmw
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64MB SDRAM16SPmlonS
$124 Cnew DVD Kn
$320
l26MB SDRAM IESPVL
3237 Video Coi
finwxieSJr/X
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HARD DRIVE
AF COIP~~+ 72OO/
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4.3GB UkmDMA
Qso
FAX BEODBM
2.1 GB UhmDMA Fijkxu
SI76 33.6Camskww/Voimrnt
$39
3.2 GB ukmDMA Pujkwx
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$230 55KAcmexx/Vaice v.se PCI 359
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$259 56KAxxrFax/Vaiv.90 ISA $60
3.2 GBQusnhunFkemsSR
$192 5 6KUSRPxx/Vaixwvse
$12 5

MONITOR
A max l4"
2edpiIO24x746
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opvcpmw
17"v/73.34xswxuxxx ssls
VewMxxc17"O773 J4 xxmxuxxx 9590
OPVnuwxl7"VIS44xmxxuxxo $567
ALT 17" 26 12SOXIO24
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PRNVTKR SCANNER
Canon 0/C 4300Coior
SDV
EpwxL664LwOxkw EOO

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$294

$520
MiaoTxkE3+Samner300xEO
O SISS
SxwnTxk3CPBEBc4300xEO
O
$99
NKIWOIC CARO
IO BARFTNxmwxk CmdISA
$22
IO BASS-TNemwxkCanl PCI 326
IO/IOOMBPNeuwxkowdPCI $39
~
RIES
kxwxNxZipDrive
$125
LS-I20 ~
SI26
M iaasas14muml
Ke/sxxxd S 5
MkmwoR
JMmxm
925
Miaosos tumektkxxm
$30
EOW$40 Speskas
$15
Smmo
SPwsmmw/mxhwolhr
$69
DkmkCD RASP
$2
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SEPTEMBER 1998 THE COMPUTER PAPER GREATER


TORONTO EDITION www,tcp.ca

gQ N EWS

on

e uts
PC line, the new notebooks are targeted at

By Jeff Evans

note

OO S

line packs a lot of well-integrated multimedia

small businesses, mobile professionals and punch into its slim, highly portable packages.
ony Canada chose Comdex Canada 98 as SOHO users, according to Sony. In keeping
with Sony's traditional interest in audio, video
its springboard to launch a new highpowered lightweight line of notebook and "convergence" (the evolution of computPCs in Canada.
ers, communications and multimedia into
Bearing the name of Sony's flagship Vaio one seamless information medium), the Vaio

"With the launch of the Vaio line of


mobile computes, Sony is bringing its history
of innovation to Canada, paving the path to a
completely digital future," says Steve Murray,
general manager of Sony of Canada's comput-

,:mvt

Sony Vaio

;o

er products division.
Smce the release of the floppy disk and
Trinitron display technology both now

tuly 1998
Serac
Iaerrsrwss
sassee
akvessboas
k
Model 6800, "1
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Q'

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cated to the development of enhanced personal and business productivity tools. Yalo is
yet another example of how we are enhancing
the way people conduct business."
The new notebooksinclude the PCG-808,
a 266 MHz Pentium II-based model with 64
MB of DRAM, 4 GB hard drive, 13.3-inch TFT

screen, removable 24x CD-ROM drive, 56K


modem and stealth 3D speakers for about
$5,599. The PCG-808 is just 3.8 cm (1.5 in.)
thick, yet offers true desktop replacement
power. The PCG-700 series, aimed at the
mainstream mobile user, offers the PCG-731
and
P C G -735 mo d e ls, ba se d on
Pentium/MMX 200 or 233 MHz processors,
and 32 or 64 MB of RAM, with prices of
$2,499 or $2,999 respectively.

The new Vaios come preloaded with


Windows 98, Microsoft Works, Netscape
Communicator, CompuServe Interactive.
Sony is entering the notebook market at a
time when a handful of brand name manufacturers
Toshiba, Compaq, IBM and Dellaccount for nearly two-thirds of all notebook
sales. Other major brands such as Sharp,
Hitachi, Hewlett-Packard and Acer are also
making strong bids to enter the Canadian
market for the first time, or increase market
share.
At first look, the Vaio line is an instant
competitor in the race, with a very impressive
combination of price/performance and excellent ergonomic styling,
Other Sony introductions
Also visible at Comdex was a plethora of new
Sony products, including "The world's flattest 21-inch Trinitron, o the GDM-F500.
Aimed at graphic professionals, the 21-inch
(19.8 inch viewable area) GDM-FSOO pulls
out all the stops, with an ultra-ultra tiny
. 22mm aperture grill p i t ch, u p to
1,800x1,440 resolution at 80 Hz, and a

unique DisplayMouse control touch panel,


lum your regular notebookinto a full blown Presentation system.

Call for daails.

for an estimated price of $2,899.


As well, Sony displayed 42-inch and 15-

BuildYOURnsereook,io YOURsprrifiortionr.C/r/I urfor upgr/r//er

inch flat panel displays, a "feather-light" 3.7

io CPU) ffD, R/IN d/Modem.

(877) 84ANGEL
(6424435)
ivtvmommttozto ctwoao without ooxvo

oissa Aoavl Ivooxauomaoaavmvrxof cal toi.

all oner voaomwm


oro tham ortheir mumvavsooowv.

In t e orontoareace -.,

(905) 501-8375
In the Toronto Eeet cel
2000'e Technologies

(416) 502-2051
businessHnm:
lao. toFii. 9- e. Bat. Ie -8

kg (8.2 lb.) LCD color projector, two new


Mavica digital cameras that use floppy disks to

store digital photos, the latest version of the


TriniCom Digital Meeting System (which
communicates videoconferencing data and
images), and a wide array of mass storage
devices, including the new 200 MB High

Capacity Floppy Disk System (HiFD). 0

THE COMPUTERPAPER GREATERTORONTO EDITION www.tcp.ca SEPTEMBER 1998

Ballmer named
president of Microsoft

together,"' Gates said. "He's done things with

Gates said he and Ballmer would manage


the business together.
"Not only for our company but for our
industry, people like to think that we' ve come
so far and we' re near some finish line, but it' s
not that way,0 Ballmer said. "I'm excited to do
as much as I can to continue to change the
way that people live and work."
Ballmer said he will assume more responsibility for Microsoft's overall business performance. He emphasized continuing to intro-

his sales and marketing group that will allow


him to step up and help us now in new ways."

duce powerful new technologies while keeping customers happy.

By Iwatt Hines
REDMOND, Wash. (NB)
Microsoft Corp.
chairman and chief executive Bill Gates said
he was giving formal recognition where it was
due by naming executive vice-president of
sales and support Steve Ballmer as the new
president of the company.
"Steve has been a business partner for

about 18 years and we' ve had a lot of fun

'.Oaalsf";*,;,
E{63'~a'
~

formal recognition of the role he has long


played at Microsoft, and said that his responsibilities will include "boosting the business
discipline and performance of all our businesses.P Gates added that he and Ballmer will
concentrate jointly on bringing "renewed
focusand energy to Microsoft'sw orking environment, so that we are even more responsive
Continued onpog(,' 77

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what this change does is make my life easier,"

be focusing a good deal of his energy.


Gates described Ballmer's promotion as a

~., iULRGEST:It+:

For his part, Gates seemed mainly interested in convincing onlookers that Ballmer's promotion does not signal a step back from his
responsibilities as chairman and chief executive officer.
P
My commitment is the same that it has
always been and this should not be seen as me
backing off at all 0 said Gates. "If anything
Gates said that over the 25 years of
Microsoft's existence the company has only
achieved a quarter of what he thinks it can.
"This will give me more time to spend
with the product group," Gates said. "We really see ourselves at the beginning of. what we
can do with products: making the interface
simpler; making better tools for doing business; we have a lot that we can do."
Gates said the new software products that
will come out of Microsoft over the coming
years will necessitate a great deal of rich architecture development and this is where he will

' l $ $

TORONTO

104 Dundas Street East

,I

One block east of the Eaton Centre I

416-599-0594

'

VANCOUVER

1245 West Broa&vav

be t etreen Oak h Grane

8 0 0-390-9588 ' 604-730-5911 800-361-2772

SCARSOROUGH

I,
137Q Kennedy Road
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500 metres south Kmesmere
416-285-7787 80Q-304-7257
)

HAMILTON

19 Khsg Street East


corner of King h James
905- 5 26-7227 800-3564999

SEPTEMBER1996 THE COMPUTER PAPER GREATERTORONTO EDITION www.tcp.ca

Continued from page16

on friend Mushu follow Mullein's adventures,


find five magical scrolls containing an

TraditionalChinese(Mac)
htip://www.apple.corn.tw/quicktime

account of Mullein's story, and deliver them

to the Chinese emperor. The search involves


puzzles and creative reasoning activities, and
Dlsggey lees to China Following the karaoke-style singalongs featuring original
Simpiilied Chinese (Mac) http: //www.appleclnb.corn.hk

release of its latest animated feature,Mulan


Disney Interactive has released Disney's
Mulan Animated Storybook, a a multimedia
CD-ROM. The disc a Mac/Windows 95
hybrid is for boys and girls ages five
through nine.
Like many Disney Interactive titles, Mulan

X~J

songs from the movie's sound track. Children


can make and print storybooks and trading
cards with the game, and print out designs of
ancient Chinese clothing to dress paper dolls.
The CD-ROM also features the voices from
the Blm, including George Takei (Sulu in the

original Star Trekseries), Pat Morita, and


Animated Storybook contains a mix of inter- Harvey Fierstein, with singing by Donny
active educational and entertainment ele- Osmond and Lea Salonga. Disney's Mulan
ments in the form of puzzle and game mod- Animated StoryBook has an estimated street
ules, presented with lavish, studio graphics, price of $49.99.JE
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Digital cameras pass price, populari w atersheds


ince first starting to noodle around with
digitai cameras in the late 1980s, I' ve
been alternately attracted by their convenience and computer compatibility, and
repulsed by their limited resolution and high
cost. Yet, with over two million digital cameras sold in 1997, that product category has
finally passed a kind of watershed.
Digital photography is now a vigorous and

generally accepted imaging medium, used by


vast numbers of general consumers, business

professionals and even professional graphic


artists and photographers. The digital camera,
in short, has arrived. So it was with great interest that I got my hands on two of the iatest
entries into the digital camera arena, each
noteworthy in its own way.
One cameraaddressed my quibblesabout
price by breaking the $100 price barrier (with

certain qualifications), and the other, at the


higher end, offering nearly 1.5 million pixel
resolution images for $949. Perhaps my digital
camera prayers are being answered at last.

The Game Boy Camera


Nintendo has developed a digital camera system for its handheld Game Boy entertainment
device,
which uses the Game Boy'sprocessing,
display and power systems to help keep the
cost of the camera system down way down
at only $69.95. The camera itself is a simple
digital video CCD chip camera, enclosed in an

camera has all of its software built-in, like a

videogame cartridge.
An optional $79.95 monochrome printer
allows the user to print images out on
paper that is about 1.5 inches wide.
Not being a Game Boy owner myself,
my son borrowed his friend David's
unit for our test. David's Game Boy
lacked a hatch on the battery compartment, so we had to hold the batteries in by hand or with the aid of a
rubber band. Installation of the camera,
however, was simple, just plug and go.
Video images are digitized in real time
and displayed on the Game Boy's monochrome LFD screen. The device is operated
with the Game. Boy's built-in game control
buttons. The software options are remarkably
flexible you can put digitized images into
pre-set "rock videos" and customize them
with a variety of graphic effects.
Essentially, this device is suited for taking

principles. It is a great, low-stress way to get


started in creative digital art and imaging. The
limitations of the system are pretty obvious:
monochrome only, low resolution, and no
way to move files to a PC. But in terms of
the fun/dollar ratio, it's unbeatable.
Contact: Nintendo http:I/www.Nintendo.corn

weighing only a few ounces. Second, it is


extremely easy to use, with a dial-shaped
mode selection wheel that is very simple and
intuitive. Third, it offers astonishingly, almost
unbelievably high-resolution images, up to

1.5 million pixels (1,280x1,024 pixels).

Finally, for that market, the price tag is low:


only $949.
There are some limitations, however. First,
portrait shots of people and then manipulating, modifying and animating them in gener- it is a real power hog if you run it from batter-

tures at maximum resolution. Part of the

problem seems to be that the MX-700 stores


its image in JPEG format, rather than the more
compact FlashPix format.
One workaround is to use multiple-memory cartridges, and move them to your PC using
the Fuji FD-AI floppy disk adapter, a special
device shaped like a floppy diskette. Just transfer the memory cartridge to the floppy disk
adapter, insert the adapter into your computer's floppy drive, and the pictures are auto-

matically transferred to the PC. This is easier


and faster by far than moving the pictures
over a cable connection.
Even with its minor drawbacks, this is a
gorgeous little camera, with image quality
suitable for a wide range of applications, from

come (aside from carrying a big bag of spare

JeffEvans

ducesthe"beep" and "boop" sound effectsof batteries) by using an external power supply.
a regular video game, somehow making it a
different experience from operating a regular,
quieter digital camera.
This device can be hilarious fun, and at the

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cost of the. system well over the $1,000 mark.


The base model, the MX-700 MG-2, has

out. One oddity of the system is that it pro-

P-II Intel400MMX
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z4x cD -RQMpzow spK1.44FD

spring for extra memory cards, pushing the

ies, especially if you use the two-inch color


LCD video preview screen. This can be over- journalism to Web graphics creation.

Ballmer joined Microsoft Corporation in


1980 and has held a number of positions over
his years with the company, including viceto changing customer needs and new tech- president of marketing and vice-president of
nologies."
corporate staffs. Ballmer also served as senior
Ballmer is also expected to take more vice-president of systems software, where he
responsibility in the ongoing antitrust suit directed the development, marketing and testb eing heard against M icrosoft b y t h e ing of systems software.
Department of Justice in Washington.
Microsoft's biography of its new president
Ballmer's new responsibilities will mean says Ballmer is a g r aduate of H arvard
adding several new direct reports, including University. After earning a degree in applied
Bob Herbold, executive vice-president and math and economics, he worked at Procter and
chief operating officer; Frank M. (Pete) Gamble as an assistant product manager.
Higgins, group vice-president of interactive Ballmer then went on to attend the Stanford
media; Paul A. Maritz, group vice-president of Graduate School of Business. He is also a memplatforms and applications; and William H. ber of the Harvard Board of Overseers and the
Neukom, senior vice-president, law and cor- Stanford Business School Advisory Council.
porate affairs. Nathan Myhrvold, Microsoft's
Microsoft reports that in his free time,
chief technology officer, will continue to
Ballrner enjoys working out at the gym, jogreport to Gates.
ging, and playing basketball. 9

penhamI1-300 tntd cpU, AGP


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few of those high res pictures. If you want to


store large numbers of pictures, you' ll have to

allyhumorous and often creativeways.W hen


you complete an image you like, you print it

Balmer named President of Blicrosoft


Continuedfrom page 7$

Amazi

skimpy onboard memory, only enough for a

only 2 MB of memory, enough for two picFu)l MX-700


The latest digital camera from Fuji,
the MX-700, is outstanding in a
number of respects. First, it is one
of the tiniest consumer video cameras truly shirt-pocket sized and

eyeball-shaped plastic sphere that plugs into same time is a very inexpensive way to
the cartridge slot on the Game Boy unit. The become familiar with digital photography

c ~m ~o u

Second, the camera comes with relatively

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am WK S : www.3Pcnm.corn At: Queen E.kBroadview

SEPTEMBER
1998 THE COMPUTER PAPER GREATERTORONTO EDITION www.tcp.ca

KR NEws

Comdex Canada:
News from the show fioor, panel discussions and keynote speakers
Skills crunch doesn't mean jobs for all
TORONTO (NB) There is still a debate about
whether the much-talked-about shortage of
skilled technology workers is real or a myth.
Panelists at the Comdex/Canada conference agreed, though, that employers had better be prepared to pay well for skills that are in
demand and to offer their employees an
attractive work environment, while those
seeking high-tech jobs need more than pure
technica I knowhow.
P anelist I)oug Weir, president of t h e
Toronto-based compensation tracking firm
Comptrac Compensation Tracking Systems
lnc. and a veteran information technology
recruiter, cited statistics from the U.S. I)ept. of
Commerce indicating that the number of
graduates from computer science programs
has fallen since the late 1980s while the
demand fo r t e c hnology w o rkers grew.
Vacancy rates in core technology jobsdefined essentially as analysts and prograrnmers are around 10 percent, he said.
Yet a member of the audience who recently moved into the high-tech field said he has
not found it easy to get a job, partly because
employers are demanding large amounts of
experience, and Paul Swinwood, president of
the Canadian Software Human Resource
Council and a member of the panel, said he
hears that kind of complaint constantly. The
key for high-tech workers, Swinwood said, is
that they have to keep updating their skillsnot just in technology but in communication
and in other areas that will affect their jobs.
No matter how many job vacancies there
are, Swinwood said, raw technical knowhow
i s not enough. He told the story of an
acquaintance with immense technical knowledge who has trouble holding a job for more
than a few months because of poor people
skills. "He's the u l timate i n t e c hies,"
Swinwood said, "and when we could lock him
away in a back room he was wonderful,"
Today, though, technical workers increasingly
need what the medical profession would call a
good bedside manner.
Eugene Roman, a v i c e-president at
Northern Telerom I.td., said other things that
will help technology workers write their own
tickets include project management skills, an
understanding of work flow and processes,
integration, and the ability to coach people

effectively. The ability to learn quickly is also resent a desired environment, such as a small
essential, he said.
room, a larger room, or outdoors.
Swinwood said workers in the technology
The SoundBlaster I.ive! hardware will be
field have to take the initiative to keep learn- able to support as many as eight speakers, and
ing new skills. "Lifelong learning I can say Stroud said it will help improve the perforno more than that." He said he has too often mance of speech recognition technology by
heard from job-seekers who last took a course isolating the speaker's voice from other
more than 10 years ago, and who complain sound.
that "my cotnpany didn't tell me to take that
Creative labs launched Environmental
Audio in May.
t ratn I ng.
At the same press conference, Mark
Employers need to go back to school too,
Swinwood said, if onl~ to recruit promising Jamieson, head of Creative I.abs in Canada,
students before they graduate. I'he rule should said the company has recently set up a service
be "co-op or die," he said, suggesting that depot in Canada so customers do not have to
those who show up at graduation time in
send hardware to the United States for service.
hopes of picl'ing up a few of the best students I'his has "made a good impact on our business
will be disappointed, because increasingly, here," he said, and Creative will be expanding
those people have been worl'ing as co-op stu- its serv>ce capabilities in Canada further in the
dents for con>panies which have offered them future.
Creative Labs http: //www,creat.corn
permanent jobs before they graduate.
Weir said
should resign themselves to paying well and probably more Intel's Maloney emphasizes simplicity
than they want to for skills that are in high 'I'ORON'I'0 (Nft) Making computers easier to
demand.
use and taking up less of people's time with
"Salaries are going up and that is a very administrative headaches such as virus checkreal fact." However, the panelists also agreed ing and security may finally allov' technology
that money is not everything in luring the to deliver the kind of benefits its proponents
best people to your company and keeping have been promising for years, said Sean
them there. 'I'echnology workers want chal- Maloney, vice-president and co-director of
lenge, and they want to work for a "cool" Intel Corp,'s sales and marketing group, in a
company,Roman said.He defined a coolcom- keynote address at Comdex/Canada.
The Web, with its widely used and easy to
pany asa well-managed one, where employees feel comfortable and are treated as indi- understand interface, will help in this. And
whether businesses are making money on the
viduals, not numbers.
Web or not, Maloney said in a question period with reporters after his speech, it is here to
CreativeLabs may bundle ViaVoice
TORONTO (NB) Creative Labs may bundle stay. "This thing is just moving into people' s
ll)M's ViaVoice speech recognition technology lives in the same way that television did," he
with its SoundBlaster Live! Audio kit for per- said.
Maloney didn't buy the idea that the
sonal computers, a company official revealed

emplors
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decompressing files for faster transmission,


security, and so forth go on in the background without the user's involvement.
He said this, coupled with efforts to simpli+ the installation and maintenance of
equipment, such as Plug and Play technology,
could help produce real productivity gains.
After the address, Maloney noted that-the cost
of technology per employee at intel was
approaching $9,000 a couple of years ago.
Now it is down below $5,000 thanks to efforts
to simplify the management of that technolo- This trend will help free corporate information technology staffs to focus on more
strategic issues rather than on fixing failed
computers, hlaloney said, just as telephone
company employeesdecades ago were freed
from spending all their time connecting
phone calls.

PageMart launches palm alliance

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TORONTO (NB) National paging company


PageMartCanada Ltd.announced an alliance
with Motorola Inc. and the Palm
unit of 3Com Corp. to offer wireless messaging through most PalmPilot handheld computers starting later this summer.
The service, which uses a paging card codesigned by Motorola's Flex Architecture
Solutions Division and PageMart, will be
launched Canada-wide i n
mi d - August,
PageMart Sales Manager jerry Gingrich said at
the Comdex/Canada technology show, held
in early]uly in Toronto
The Synapse pager card will plug into most
Palmpilot
models although not the PalmIII
at a press gathering during Comdex/Canada. Internet's ubiquitous communications cap'aMica Stroud, a p r oduct manager at bility will reduce the need for local computing organizer and will allow PalmPilot users to
Creative, said Creative will be bundling power. Proponents of high-speed comrnunica- receive text messages to a maximum of 300
ViaVoice with SoundBlaster Live!, which is tions technology such as asynchronous trans- characters, Gingrich said. It will also receive
due for shipment later this year. Afterward he fer mode {ATM) have argued that, if they pro- updates to the I'almpilot's calendar as specialqualified that statement, saying the bundling vide a big enough pipe everything can be ly formatted messages. The device includes
deal is not official yet but is probably going to done on the server, he said, but that has not extra memory to increase the handheld computer's total capacity to 2 MB, company offihappened becausethere is always something
happen.
SoundBlaster I . ive! u s e s C r eative's new and useful that can be done on the client cials said, and when it receives a numeric
L 'nvironmental A u di o p l a t form, w h i c h side.
page, it can look up the caller's number in the
"Intel is the primary provider of that com- Palmpilot's address book and identify the
according to company officials goes beyond
standard 3D sound to add such capabilities as puter power," Maloney told reporters, "and caller.
The Synapse card is expected to have a list
changing the characteristics of sound to rep- you cannotgive us enough bandwidth."

CostpUIER IMAqK
Flc 416 2484032

In his speech Maloney talked about "constant computing" in which tasks that must be
done but should not take up the user's time-

For Pentiurn li CPU

Paces are already 4'tb cash discounted and subject to chenge without notice.
Pentium is registered trademark of Intel Corporation.

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price of about $299, Gingrich said.


Motorola will also be supplying a software
development kit that will let independent
developers create their own applications
extending the p ager card's capabilities.
Potential applications might include dispatching systems for field service employees, custom news and stock reports, or systems for
keeping mobile workers updated, the company said.
Contact: PageMart Canada http: //www.pagemart.ca
Motorola http: //www.motorola.corn
3Com http: //www.3com.corn
WRQ checks IBCs for Y2K trouble
TORONTO (NB) Seattle-based WRQ, Inc.
demonstrated at Comdex/Canada Express
2000 Suite, a software package that checks
personal computers for potential Year 2000
(Y2K) problems in applications, produces
reports for micro managers, and makes it possible to stop the use of software with serious
Y2K problems.
WRQ, which makes connectivity and
management software, is building its Y2K
approach on its software licence management
technology. Express 2000 takes a three-step
approach, said Paul Davis, product manager:
discover, prioritize, and control.
The software conducts an inventory of

applications on a PC or network, Davis said. It


then uses a database of Y2K-compliance
information which registered users of the
software with m a intenance can update
through WRQ's Web site to determine
which of the applications are Y2K compliant
and which have compliance problems.
Further, said Davis, Express also assesses
how often the applications are actually being
used, which allows it to prioritize them based
on how much any problems are likely to
affect the organization.
The reports that the software produces
include notes concerning the compliance
problems with applications, and it provides
contact information so that WRQ's customers
can contact the software vendors for help or

information where necessary.


If an application has serious problems and
the organization can live without it, Davis
added, Express 2000 offers the option of simply stopping its use. On a network, he said,
Express 2000 can block the use of a specified
application even from a PC's local hard disk,
and it Can advise a manager of any new application loaded on the network so that the
manager cancheck the software's Year-2000
readiness.
Contact: WRQhttp://www.wrq.corn 0

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which are icons for the WebTV home page


and Favorites as well as TV Listings and Email.
As Perlman changes channels we seethe
channel and program information change to
match.
For the next 30 minutes we see that a

The receiver has a printer port for specific


printers, a hidden SCSI port, a Smart Card slot
and what is called an IR Blaster.
The IR Blaster is a small wire with an infra
red light on the end. During setup you tell the
receiver the type of VCR you have, place the

Mid Tower Case

tion and then disappears by sliding back

The wireless keyboard is a snug little infra


red keyboard that expands on the functions of

down again.
This is great. Usually when you channel
surf, if you hit a commercial you don't know

the remote control that comes with the


receiver by adding a keyboard and specific
function keys. It is possible to do without the

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g- dRLOPI101;.;,;
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You can vass a button and see six little


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have viewed, Tab from one screen to the next
and the sound changes to match the action.
Select Record for a program that starts in two
hours and even if you have turned off the TV,
WebTV will record the show and then turn
itself off. All in all your viewing experience is
greatly enhanced with WebTV,

The program runs within a box, around

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the TV. He or she can change channels normally, except that a small semi-transparent
bar glides up from the bottom of the screen
displaying the channel and program informax

a a a a a e e e e e a a a a a a a a e a e

dow displays that program, and plays the

WebTV Plus owner can do amazing things on IR Blaster in front of it and voila: the IR Blaster

acres we iso)iis Iodsaeesuhse aNce>

a a

you scroll over a program listing, a little win-

optional wireless keyboard (uoptional e like


running shoes in a track meet) arrive in a big
box. I set it up without difficulty. The only
The excitement
At th e W ebTV l aunch event, WebTV, home decor issue is the long phone wire runMicrosoft Canada, and Sony representatives ning through the middle of the living room to
deliver the pitch, Sitting on a table is a very a wall jack.
Once again, the WebTV hardware and
large Sony TV upon which rests the WebTV
Plus receiver. Steve Perlman, president of online service work very well. The receiver
WebTV Networks, turns on the television and uses a 167 MHz RISC processor to coordinate
8 MB of RAM with 2 MB ROM, a 56Kbps
we seeMr. Dress//p on CBC.

'-< "> '-:... gcxck t05cikooj S


', Toslsiba 490 XCDT
s Pentium II 266MHE
,'512KB Lg/32 MB RA
i 3.02 GB/20x CD-ROM

fter a week of WebTV I am both excited is the listings guide. Like a TV guide, the listand confounded.I am excited because ings show you the program schedule. When

the product has some very cool,


intriguing features. The slick factor is high,
indeed. I am confounded because I can't quite
figure out why I don't think it will work. All
the parts are there, it's well designed and marketed, but WebTV Networks, a subsidiary of
Microsoft, may have missed the mark.

I IP S I I A I I E
AihiY 3$6/4$6
' All upgrade Include new bosrdacpu
ePu

which program you are missing. With WebTV

By Rod Lamlrand

THE COMPUTERPAPER GREATERTORONTO EDITION

www.tcp.ca SEPTEMBER 1998

HARDwARE

keyboard because you can enter URLs and resolution running through your television
email messages using the remote control and service provider (TSP). I say TSP because I
an onscreen alphabet. However, if you have don't know whether you will get television to
used a PC, you' ll likely want the keyboard.
your home via cable, telephone wire or satelOnce powered, the receiver polls your lite dish.
Meanwhile most of us are using computer
home phone tofind out what area code you
are in. It calls a number and finds out the local monitors at 600x800 or better to view Web
dialup number for your region. It then con- pages. Also, we generally sit very close to the
nects to that dialup number where you set up computer and rather far from the TV. Needless
an account. The cost is $34.95 a month for to say, small print and details on the Web blur
unlimited connect time. If you already have somewhat when viewed at a distance on a
low-res (compared to a computer monitor) TV
an ISP you could use it, but you would still
set. Secondly, the WebTV browser is more limhave to pay WebTV Networks $24.95 a
month.
ited than most Web browsers, so some Web
You must pay them for two reasons. One is pages that use fancy features don't view propthat your default home page and email are at erly. The good news here is that the receiver
WebTV. The second is that your receiver only can be updated by the company at will via the
knows what is on TV in your region because it nightly downloads.
Another downside is that the receiver
calls the WebTY server daily at 4:00 a.m. to
download that information. This takes about times out (i.e., disconnects) very quickly.
Every time I clicked on a link there was a
six minutes.
pause while the Internet connection was reestablished. Due to the nature of WebTV,
WebTV pluses and minuses
When guests see you click through the chan- where you might be watching a football game,
nels and pick one that then expands to fill the bring up a small window to surf to a sports
whole screen they' ll "Oooh!" When youscroll
page while still watching the game, this is
through the night's listings while the actual probably a good idea. However, for serious Net
shows display in a small window they' ll surfing it is not.
"Aahhh!" Then when you tell them you can
The keyboard is well designed but email-

now press a button and surf to any Web page ing with it perched on your knees, looking at
in the world they will want it. Add this to the
Canadian content links (CANOE, CBC, CIBC),
and the pleasant interface, and you have a
nifty new technology. Those are the pluses of
WebTV Plus.
Here are the minuses. Television sets display NTSC's 525 lines of resolution quite well.
However, HDTV wiil u p t h a t r esolution
although it is unclear to what standard.
Likely there wilt be more than one HDTV

small and distant text is strange. I.astly, if you


already have an Internet account, you are not
going to want to put out another 30 bucks for
this connection.
For these reasons I believe the target consumer for this product is someone that does
not currently surf or email. This is borne out
by the company's statement that well over
half of their 350,000 current American subscribers do not have a computer. WebTV

seems to be aimed at people who want access


to email and the Internet but may not be very
experienced.

INK JET
CARTRIDGE
S
RIBBONS
TONEIIS

OTHERS
THE LOWESTPRICESYDU
CAN EVERFIND IN CANADA/USA.

TTICL Corporation

Tel: (SD4) 552-7609


Fax:(664) 552-7699
Toll Free: 1-877-552-7609
email: tticlotieLIs.corn

Another possible competitor may emerge


from Bell Canada, Bell is currently running a
trial of its service called Tote)Vision, which
uses a two-way hybrid fiber coaxia) cable system to bring cable channels and Net access to
the TV set. Residents of London, Ont. and
Repentigny, Que. will see the trial run until
Contimrerf on page 83

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ll ll

The competition
I'here is competition fo r W ebTV. Last
November, ViewCal! Canada launched its
BeyondTV service (http: //www.beyondTV.net).
ViewCall Canada, owned and operated by
MTS Advanced, the Internet and directory
publishing arm of Manitoba Telecom Services
Inc., offers BeyondTV service for set top TV
boxes. Currently you must use a Web Surfer
receiver to access BeyondTV (the WebTV
receiver could technically be used but is not
set up to do so)..BeyondTV costs $29.99 a
month for up to 60 hours of connection. If
you already have an ISP ViewCall charges
$9.99 considerably less expensive than
WebTV. ViewCall has customers across
Canada and has announced a partnership
with Quebec Telephone for a French service.
When asked about the new competition
from WebTV, Tim Nikerson managing director
of ViewCall Canada, said, "I don't believe you
really have an industry until you have competition. It's only going to create awareness of
the technology." He suggests WebTV does not
have the kind of content BeyondTV does: "We
take information, like our News World feed,
reformat it and customize it to match the personalized needs of our clients."

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SEPTEMBER 1998 THE COMPUTER PAPER CREATER


TORONTO EDITION www.tcp.ca

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Elk I/riklll m Irrrr I rhfralr/arrmarr

Windows 98 will have already had a


sampling of this new email and personal information m anager because a
"light" version called Outlook 98 "Express"
has been integrated into the operating system upgrade.
For those without Windows 98, however,
or those who like what they' ve seen there
and want the full version, Microsoft is offer-

Which is again the case with Outlook 98.

CALL

Essentially, this utility is a fully integrated Internet email manager and information
organizer that blends smoothly with the rest

I'

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M i c rosoft a p plications: Office,

Windows and Internet Explorer. Personal

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Notwithstanding recent press that has
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the fact that the company's products are
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eo NAiffE C'bafPONENTSing it free as a download from its Web site,

FGR WEEKLY $PErGIALLS'VISIT,GL'IR WEB SITE AT. NPMTRIBUSCGMPUTER.CO


rM

Outlook 98 combines

DNcm Rd.

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641551add ~

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THE COMPUTERPAPER GREATERTORONTO EDITION www.tcp.ca SEPTEMBER 1998

Dyna Lync 2000 Inc.

all be seamlessly managed, as expected, but


it is nice too that the consistent interface
allows for the equally smooth organization
of Web pages, favoritesrand multimedia
Internet channels.
Some highlights from among the many
attractive features that Outlook 98 offers
include:
automatic absorption and setup of existing accounts, profile information, folders and address books;
easy c o l laborative c o m m unication
through HTML forlnatted email, business card-like "vcards" and sharable
Internet calendars and schedules;
o peration as a p r e miere client f o r
Microsoft Fxchange servers including
s calable and a d v anced e mail a n d
intranet collaboration;
auto preview of email to save time and
storage space;
and full integration tvith IvIicrosoft Office,

Exchange Server and Internet Explorer


Unfortunately, the sophistication of
Outlook 98 means it's resource hungry. So,
depending on what's already on your system, an installation can require anything
from a minimal 37 MB to a maximum 121
MB of free disk space. And, where many of
Outlook 98's features appear in other PIMs,
the benefits to consistent Microsoft integration can't be overstated when it comes to
installation, configuration and .DLL linking
issues.
I' ve been using Outlook for many weeks
now and,though I haven't had the need or
opportunity to audition all of the touted
features, those that I do use perform exactly as promised. I was previously using a
similar but older package that came with
my modem, which did what it was supposed to but not nearly as simply or as
quickly as Outlook. 3

WebTV

If Web'I'V wants to become truly ntass


market, here is what they should do. 'I'ake
the Web oul of WebTV Plus. Sell a small
May 1999, at which time Bell will consider device that does all the TV features of
expanding the project.
WebTV without the Internet. 1'he device
would still have to plug into the phone to
The real market? An opinion
get the nightly listings and there would
1'he WebTV peoplehave done their homehave to be an ongoing subscription fee but
work, and may have zeroed in on the right the receiver could sell for half of what it
market. This will sell to a certain, growing, does now, there would be no wireless keymarket segment. 1'o an experienced PC user, board, and the service would only connect
however, this product can best be described as to an ISP for six minutes a day so could be
a great TV service married to a weak Internet charged at $5 or $6 a month. I would buy it,
service.
in a second. CI

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SEPTEMBER
1998 THE COMPUTER PAPER GREATERTORONTO EDITION www.tcp.ca

Professor PC teaches Windows 98


uct and, at its price, it is a good buy.
The documentation says Professor Teaches
From: Individual Software Inc.
Windows 98 requires Windows 3.x or 9x and will run
2-4255 Hopyard Rd., Pieasanton, CA94588-9900
on a 486 33 MHz PC or bettec The box says that only
Tel: 800 331 3313
8 MB RAM and a 2x CD-ROM drive are required, but
http: //www.individuaisoftware.corn
this reviewer was suspicious. The program seemed
very
Estimated street price: $29.95
sluggish on a 200 MHz PC with 32 MB. Of course a
sound card is also required, as this is a multimedia
By Rod Lamirand
tutorial.
Following on its other successes with CBT conrofessor Teaches Windows 98, from Individual sumer-level products, such as Typing Instructor
Software, is a computer-based training (CBT) Deluxe and Professor Teaches Windows 95,
product that teaches the ins and outs of
Individual has become adept at combining the
Windows 98. True, the ins and outs of Windows 98 right mix of instruction, graphics, audio tracks and
are prettlf much the same as those of Windows 95, animation. This title is no different. After installabut Individual has done a good job with this prod- tion the program asks for a user name. In this way,

Professor Teaches Windows 98

8 8~ ~ i ~

-=f~
m,-.fNOIN

Windows98
Basic Pentium

Professional

Basic Pentium II

the software always knows where you left off in the


program. Other users can then sign on and their
usage will be tracked.
Did you know that Alt+F4 closes an open window on the desktop? How about this: What does
the Windows button pressed simultaneously with
the letter E button do? Well, you may have known
that this is the quickest way to launch Windows
Explorer. Professor Teaches Windows 98 isn't all
shortcuts and tips.
There are eight sections in t h e p rogram.
Managing Files and Foiders starts with the basics.

Windows Explorer covers navigation and really


goes quite deep in explaining the Send To com-

mand among other things.


"Most PC users don't get far past the most

Video card

Hard Drive

Notebook

Quantum 8.4...........$285 ATI xper 4m AGP..879


Fujitsu 4.3.............$198 ATI xper98 8m AG.899 Add 2 gig hdd.........$220
Pentium II 350 CPU
Pentium200 MMX CPU Pentiuln Il 233 CPU
Sansumg 2.1..........$185 INetrox G100 4m....$99 Add 16 m ram ........$99
TX MB w/512K Cache
Intel P II Motherboard Asus Pll BX MB w/512k
Diamond 4m AGP 865
Fax Modem
84M Sdram PC100
FDD Toshiba...,.....$129
32m Ram 3.2G HDD
32m Sdram 4m AGP
Diamond Woodo II 8m
1 m PCI video card
video card, 4.3G HDD ATI xper@play 4m AGP Comstar 33.8............$49 Accelerator..........$276 CD-ROM Tosh iba.$169
Comstar 56k.............$74
3.5 "FDD, 24x CD-ROM
3.5"FDD 24x CDROM
Quantum 6.4G HDD
IOMEGA BUZ.......
8257 33.6 Modem....,.......$99
16Bit Sound Speakers 16 Bit Sound Speaker 3.5:" FDD. 32xCDROM GVC 58k v90.............$85 Trident 2m PCI.......$32 Network card..........$179
USR56k voice.........$117
33.6 Fax/Modem Mouse 58k Fax/Modem Mouse AWE 84 Sound card
CD-ROII
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Win95 KB Mid tower
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3.2 GB FUJI U. DMA S 175


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S 2 45
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6.4GB QUANTUM SE $250
7.6GBQUANTUM EL S 329
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PCI I M
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ATI TV TUNER
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$ 189
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MATROX G200 SM AGP

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$ 19
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ATI XPKRT98 8M-A

INTEL PENTIUM II 400

RANI
$58
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$20
$30
$ 69

PRINTER
$149
$149

$99
$159
S'149
8 359

CANON BJC 250


CANON BJC 4300
HP6L LASER
H P 890C DESK JET $
HP722C PROF.
HP 6P LASERJET
EPSON 400 INK J
KPSON 600 INK J
KPSON 800 INK J
O KIDATA LASER ' S

$ 159
$ 235
S 95
509
$388
$ 939
$ 185
$ 269
$ 388
309

8 MB KDO -... SCALI.


16 MB EDO- -SCALL
32 MB EDO- SCALL
32 MB EDO- SCALL
64MB SD -' SCALL
128MB SD - SCALL
64MB PCISO SD SCALL

CD-R
Yamaha 4260x $619
HP7200 mE $485
MITSUMI 2xs $339

SCANNER
A CER 310S
ACER6105

311 9
SI 99

RKLVSIS 9600 $79


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$3 5 9

SOFTWARE ggg

THE COMPUTER PAPER GREATER


TORONTO EDITION www.tcp.ca SEPTEMBER 1998

rudimentary features of an advanced operating system such as Windows 98," says Mark
Haswell, product marketing manager for
Individual Software.
This is undoubtedly so. One of the best
things that Microsoft stumbled upon during
the evolution of Windows was the everincreasing redundancy o f n a v igational
methods. Thus you can get from here to
there any number of ways. For example, at
one time Alt+Tab was an essential keyboard
combination used by everyone with more
than a passing knowledge of the operating
system. Today many users still love and use
it, but th e addition of t h e Task Bar in
Windows 95 brought a new way of moving

ment has about 100 screens giving the CDROM many hours of value.
Another benefit, t h e d i s c i n c ludes
Professor Teaches Internet Explorer, a training
program for Internet Explorer 4.0, which is
included as part of Windows 98. Three of the
eight chapters include: What is the Internet;
Introducing Internet Explorer; and Working
with E-mail. I liked it as much as the feature

'

AuCt>On

program..

As alluded to above, the only problem


with this program is that it really needs a fairly fast computer, say a minimum of 200MHz,
to work properly. Otherwise it's a great little
tutorial.
For a p e r so n n e w t o Wi n d o w s,
between applications to the operating system. As Professor Teaches Windows 98 would be a
in the past, Microsoft has continued to support perfect gift. Even a more experienced user
would learn something. When you return
this, and other, small functions good idea.
Accessing the Internet, Multimedia and to the basics and take a little refresher you
Hardware Support, Managing Your System, often discover you didn't know quite as
much as you thought. This reviewer can
and Other Tips, Tricks and Shortcuts fill out
the other chapters in the tutorial. Each seg- attest to it. 0

pFN II 266 $1549


PEN-II-300 $1599
pEN 'II 333 $1 /t49
PEN-II-350 $2249
PEN-II-400 $2299

COmPPter

INTEL 440 (LX) MAIN BOARD


64 MB SDRAM

6.4 GB HARD DRIvE(Fujitsu)


32XCD-ROM(Panasomc)

s8

CD 2 CD DUPLlcaytott BAcKUP-ysoM $4.49


PENTIU~Nsy rB/u
VIDEO CARD
BLANK CDRdl CRIYNEDIA
PENTIUM 200 MMX SYSTEM....$675 S3 Vitge I Mb/2Mb/4Mb
$ 3 4 /44/54
TDK, Mimsi, Mascll. Bast $2.19/2.19/1.95/1.79 PENTIUM 233 MMX SYSTEM,.$765 ATI XpertCmP
lay 98 SMbAGP $179
TDK/Bssf ReWritsble CD Medi $2L99/24.49 Intel CPU. TX 512k MB, 16Mb Ram, Matmx Millenium G200 SMb AGP $185
CD RECORDABLE B 'D REIYRITABLE 3.2Gb HD, 3.5" FDD, I Mb Video Card, Matrox Mystique G200 SMb AGP $209
S ony CDU948S 8X4 Writer Scsi
$5 2 9
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D~
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HARD DRIVE
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NOTHERBOARD
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S O F TWARE

SEPTEMBER1998 THE COMPUTER PAPER GREATERTORONTO EDITlON

S'gearge
l

e,
riosks
archives
presentations

oO

intranet movies

The Truster, terrorists

s-.c

4
IIPEG 1 & II P E G 2

Karaoke
home video

and car salesmen

ph o to-movie archive

PC Sn O Op tu rns PC into Security System

www.tcp.ca

$219.00

AVI capture card with motion detection and video messaging s/w.
Security option records video with time stamp if there is motion.

By Ross nnacDonald

RT - 6 MPEG-1 capture card:

$869.00
Full screen, 30 &ames, VHS quality, 1 hr movie on 650MB. PCI,
Plug & Play, Windows 95, Pentium 133+ best for home movies

claims to turn your computer into a "very

verybo
dy's heard that honesty is the best

reliable" lie detector. Manufactured by MakhShevet in Israel, The Truster is the result of

that Richard Whately, the British churchman who coined that oft abused phrase, actu-

of screening out Arab terrorists trying to cross


the border into Israel. And it must be effec-

policy. But nobody seems to remember research into voice-stress analysis as a means

ally added: "But he who is guided by that pol- tive because it's also being used by police

Se carry 50+ MPEG-1 dc 2 items for encode, edit, author, &

icy is not an honest man."

forces, military types, business people and

layback. Dealers are welcomed

psychologists.
But, where worldwide sales have been
decidedly brisk, North American distributors

The Truster

////i OP TIBASE

have said media mentions (like this review)

sief

NCI'IICIOI'C Multimedia Inc.


Phone: (416) 490-6516 E-Mail: info@bemclare.corn http:llwww.bemclare,corn

are important to sales because there's an


inherent snag to generating traditional word
of mouth recommendations users shouldn' t
be letting on they use it. That's because secre-

VcurParsaaalTruth Usrrfisr

cy is one of the keys to The Truster's effec-

e con d

tiveness. Purchasers are reportedly extremely


happy with the product but, ironically, if
they blab about using it, its effectiveness is
lost.
Here's how it works: you have The Truster
running prior to phoning or talking to your
"victim." When they first speak, begin the

s o u rc e

We Buy, Sell 4 Trade Used 4 New Computer Kquipmemt

conversation with some casual gab about

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rs

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Pentium II AGP Mainboard


64 MB Fast SDRam
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ATI 3D XPRES. 4MB Video
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Sound Blaster 16 Bit Card

Pen. 200..............799
Pen. 233..............819
AMD 233............. 699

Cel. 266 (EX) .....1039


Cel. 300 (EX) .....1069
PII 266 (LX) ....... 1269
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before topics of concern are raised.

NR ~ u I I I w & pRISIIPlll

hnplwyAAr
~ Na amplyllano yeslllal II

When calibration is complete, you can


begin extracting the information you' re after

kids, work, etc., while pushing the calibration


button. This runs the program for a short
time (one to two minutes) to get a baseline
measure of your "victim' s" relaxed voice

100W Stereo Speakers


56K V.90 Voice Fax Modem

1.44 Floppy Disk Drive

Mouse-Pad
KeyboardATX 250W Midtower Case

From: VanceiCommuni
i
cations (Canadiandistributor)

while The Truster tells you on screen whether

150-625 HoweSt, Vancouver, BCV6C2T6


Tel: 604-818-2677 http: //www.truster,corn
Street price: $249

the person is telling the truth... or not.


If the person you' re talking to knows you
own The Truster, however, the all important
calibration process may be skewed by an

unnaturally cautious tone.


Thus the dilemma presented by The
Truster and the wisdom of making important
decisions based solely on a perceived level of
honesty.
The Truster is a software application that
has had a lot o f m edia attention lately
because it is an economical package that

The makers of The Truster stress that accuracy also depends on several other factors,
the most important of which are: I) ensuring
the calibration process samples only casual

conversation; and 2) that you couch your


salient questions in terms that will generate
more than a "yes" or "no" response.

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Quantum 4.5 U2W..535
Seagate 4.5 Ulna....735

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SOFTWARE g

THE COMPUTERPAPER GREATERTORONTO EDITION www.tcp.ca SEPTEMBER 1998

In addition, it is crucial that, regardless of


whether audio is input through a microphone or telephone, it is necessary that The
Truster hears viily the voice of the person
under scrutiny. This could prove difficult
with a face-to-face conversation, as the
microphone must not only be hidden, but it

can only pick up one voice. However, The


Truster is said to be equally reliable in analyzing pre-recorded conversations, which

can be fed through the microphone from


any TV, VCR, or cassette recorder.
Interestingly, I' ve seen a demonstration
of The Truster on a TV news program testing
taped speeches by Richard Nixon ( r e:
Watergate) and Bill Clinton (re: sex) were
fed. The marginally surprising verdict: Nixon
lied. Clinton didn' t.
Blocking out all but the subject's voice
can be accommodated by a simple kill-switch
included with the software. With practice, it
is simple to accurately push the red button
when you speak and let it go when the other
person speaks
walkie-talkie fashion. And, as
a straight throughput device, you can hook
the switch up and just leave it in place
because it doesn't affect normal, non-Truster,
use of the phone.
The heart of The Truster is an algorithm
that detects a state of stress, measure its
degree, and pinpoint its cause. In other
words, the system claims to be able to distinguish between lying, excitement, exaggeration or emotional conflict.
As you speak to a person, several linear
graphs develop across the screen to illustrate
a relative measure of stress. A text window
above the graphs advises you in real timewith prompts like Truth, False Statement,
Subject is not Sure, Excitement, etc. in
keeping with the makers' ambitious algorith-

mic claims. When you' re done, a brief report


is generated with a broader analysis of the
overall conversation. A typical report might
read:
Profile report
The subject was highly excited during the conversation.
The subject was highly stressed during the conversation.
The subject was not confident in all his words,
According to the results, the subject lied a Iew times.
Profile summary:
The subject tends to think carefully when he speaks.
Based on the results
the subject might Iie when he
needs to.

ComOmoomo

oemoemmeme mewarn

Olaae Saael Wml

CamOl
lle emeOee

Etobisoi(8 l O Cat i an : o-mail:stooislidiroctcom


3888 Bloor St. West

MiSSiSSaa a

E t o hicohe, On MSX 1CB

L OCat i an : email:gregdliidiroct.corn

889 Burshamthorpe Ad. Westt/2

IBississauga, On l5B 2C4

Tel: (416) 232-2777 Fax: (4'l6) 232 2401

Tel: (995) 896.7718 Fax: (985) 886-1116


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Motrox INBienium G200 SMBAGP 160 100INB IOE Z/PP Drive only InL......A19 Win NT 4.0 OEM (w system only)...118 HP5/SMp 4/8/10MS ............59/89/125
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Trident 110G AGP 4M8..................79 HP 5GB IDE tape drive Internal.......28$
1INB memo upgr. for Video card.. 20 Iomegn 3.2GB Ditto Exi/lnt......299/269
Tapes for Backup Dr/voo................ceg Educetionoi Software (Incredible)....19 INemory upg. for digital cameras. Call
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Promise PCI Vitro-DMA HDDcont...99
Linux August 97..............................27 IBM PS/2 Mouse............................15
ASUS PCI SC200 SCSI controller.....$5 Creative PC43VD Encore DXR2 kit 329 Lotus Smartsuite 97 (w. system .....5$ PCI Parallel Lava card.................A9
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Acer Aopen 56k V90 5 Flex ISA........SS MS Natural Elite Keyboard..............40
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External HDD via parallel port .......call Yomoho 2260VK SCSI klL................540 Zoitrix 56 IntNoice.........................SS IMni/Bgd/Big tower case..........39/60/09
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Network kit (two cords+ cable).........78
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Ethernet PCI card...............................38
5.2GB (Sms I smart cache)UDBN... 229 Mogib'onic 15a SVGA n.i.0.28........229
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WESTERN DIGITAL3.1GB (10ms/120KS cache)UDMA.210 Sceptre 17" DragonEye USS (new)559 Sound a/aster 16 Sound Card.........59 D-Unk 100INHz Ethernet PCI.............69
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This report can be either deleted or filed


into a built-in database if you' re inclined
toward building integrity profiles of your
erstwhile friends and colleagues.
The Truster's ability t o
d i s t inguish
between stress types becomes ostensibly useful in situations such as business negotiations or price haggling. In those contexts The
Truster isn't called upon as a lie detector, but
instead as a meter of the other party's interest. If you are making an offer to buy a car,
for example, and the excitement meter rises
when the seller responds, you can probably
get a better deal because great interest is indicated. If the excitement meter goes down, on
the other hand, you' ve probably low-balled a
little too far.
So, if I' ve interpreted the background
material correctly, it would be better in our
car deal scenario to ask, "What would you
say to an offer of three thousand dollars or
thereabouts?" instead of oWoodja take three
grand?" The former will get the seller talking
Continued on page 99

+-

gQ soFTwARE,
"

SEPTEMBER1998 THE COMPUTER PAPER CREATERTORONTO EDITION www.tcp.ca

"( 'c/

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A true test of a liar?

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ale Beyerstein, a director of The B.C.

Civil Liberties Association, doesn' t


trust The Truster, or any other interpretive device for that matter. "The results
from these types of things are really suspect," he says. "In the typical case of a polygraph in the real world, the accuracy rate is
way below what you would find in published lab studies performed under absolutely ideal conditions.
"If this Truster were just used as a toy,"

Ij F

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Beyerstein continues, "then I just think it' s


tacky like graphology and all these other
things that are little more than parlor
games. But what I'm really concerned about
is these types of things being used as a personnel selection tool or determining who
stole money out of the cash box. Inevitably,
when somebody offers one of these things
for personal use, people start using it for
those kinds of things and that's when it really gets dangerous."
Beyerstein is particularly suspicious of
The Truster's calibration routine. A poly-

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graph is calibrated by asking questions with

"The history of these things goes back


thousands of years," Beyerstein continues.
"The Chinese used to think they could discover stress in people by making them eat
dry rice they'd have a person eat dry rice
and if they couldn't swallow it, they were
lying. Now, there is a slight correlation
between dry mouth and lying. But how
many people have dry mouths because of

other reasons or because they' re stressed by


being interrogated?"
"I don't think this thing is any better
than chance. I think it would be very unfair
to call somebody a liar based on what that

machine told you. I always advise any


clients wh o c a l l t h e C i v i l L i b erties
Association to ask if they should take a polygraph or that type of test that, if they' re
guilty, go ahead because the test isn't going
to hurt them. But if they' re innocent, they' ll
be screwed!" Beyerstein says.
Countering, the makers of The Truster
cite extensive studies and research to show
accuracy conservatively touted as 85 percent
as well as the fact that their product is in

known answers i.e., Are you 200 years extensive and popular use among profesold? so that true and false responses can be sionals all over the world.

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measured before testing begins. And,

As far as I could see, The Truster certain-

though he thinks that technology is preferable to The Truster, he doesn't put much
stock in it either.
Beyerstein figures the "casual conversation" benchmark that The Truster uses is
even less reliable. "That's the general thing
that's wrong with all of t hese kinds of

l y d oes s o mething w h e n it run s .


Interpreting that activity, however, will be
up to the individual.
Is this legal? According to the B.C. Civil
Liberties Association, there is no legislation
against using things like The Truster. Of
course, if someone were fired from their job,

things
the polygraph, handwriting analy-

for example, solely on the basis of some-

sis, the paper and pencil honesty test, this

thing like The Truster, they would have a

Truster
the assumption that there's a
unique lying response is simply not borne
out by empirical evidence. As far as I'm concerned they' re all in the line of horoscopes.

good case for wrongful dismissal. However,


the concern is that these types of things are
used to make such decisions without the

knowledge of the subject.


RossMacDonald

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Continued on pnge92

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Stock UptIator

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tem connects to a free Web page (Yahoo's


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Dyne l.ync 2000 Inc, ...........www.dynalync,corn
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stock purchases and .sales transactions, It


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Caveat investor
It is important to stress how important it is to get good investment
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STD .. .......www,std.net
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e Computer Eelge ........, ..www.computer-eddie.corn
The Ccmputer Paper .......www.tcp,ca W9::"." -:W.
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THE COMPUTERPAPER GREATERTORONTO EDITION www.tcp.ca SEPTEMBER 1998

Yahoos Canada's educational Web sites


The tlniverslty of Victoria Writer's
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Originally prepared for students in the

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The Truster
Continuedfrom page81

and give The Truster a chance to measure


their interest whereas the latter might elicit
only a, "Nope!" which reveals little else.

Roger Markovitch, the Canadian distributor of The Truster, suggests that lots of prac-

I''

tice is necessary to get the calibration and killswitch techniques down pat. He also recommends that your important questions be
scripted beforehand to ensure the response is
long enough. But, where he trusts The
Truster's abilities, he figures it is best viewed
only as a tool to help in the decision making
process, not as the sole criterion.
I should mention that the distributors are

99'

marketing The Truster as auseful tool for both


businessesand consumers. The press kit help-

"

fully suggests it would be useful in human

resources settings (job interviews, employee


loyalty verification, etc.) in sinall office/home
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sales settings, for single people using dating
services or personal ads, for law enforcement
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SEPTEMBER1998 THE COMPUTER PAPER GREATERTORONTO EDITION www.tcp.ca

MAC ARENA

e in o a to s
Poweraook G3s blaze with peak performance and superlative style
few years later, the company lost its product

By Peter Mllburn

PowerBook G3 series of laptop corn.

focus and eventually ceded the leadership puters represents the culmination of

uringthe early 1990s Apple was an


undisputed industry leader when it

position to its Wintel competitors. In the last


two years, however, Apple has clawed its way

came to portable computer design. A back toward its glory days. The new

Apple's efforts to reestablish its reputation for innovation in the high-perfor-

mance portable arena.

PowerBook C3 Series
From: Apple Computer
CPU:233/250/292 MHz PowerPC 750 RISC
Bus: Dedicated 1 MBbackside cache at 125/1 46 MHz

(nobacksidecacheon233MHzmodels),system
66MHz/83 MHz
Memory: 32/64 MB RAM,expandable to 192 MB

VRAM:2/4 MBwith accelerated2D,3Dgraphics

a
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Storage: 2/4/8 GBATAhard drive, 20x CD-ROMdrive


1.44 MB floppy drive
Display: 12.1-in. passive matrix, 13.3- or 14.1-in. active
matrix
Expansion: S-video out, two PCCard slots (Type II, III),
incl. zoom video SVGA
external monitor, wireless IrDA,
SCSI, Serial, ADB
Other: Ethernet, 56K modem onsome models, four
speakers, microphone, 16-bit audio, lithium ion battery
Size: 32.3x26.4x5.3 cm (12.5x10.2x2 in.)
Weight: 3.3 kg (7 lb., 4 oz.)
Suggested retail prices: $3,199 to $7,699

Pros: Fastestportableavailable, highly expandable,visually appealing


Cons: At over 3 kg it might be challenging for highly
mobile users

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The new PowerBook G3 is actually a series

of laptops targeted at what Apple calls the


mobile "professional" market of customers
who have highly intensive computational

needs, This includes folks who do tasks such

P remiu m C o n n e c t i v i t y

as professional print and Web publishing,

Simultaneous direct digital connections to THREE major backbones for the


fastest most reliable access. "24 by 7" network operations centre.

audio editing, and scientific and engineering


applications. For manufacturing efficfency
this matrix of portables more or less shares a
similar industrial design, processors and hardware architecture.

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Spectacular looks
As recently evidenced by the iMac consumer
desktop model, Apple is seriously pushing the
envelope with advanced industrial designs.
The PowerBook G3 series is the first wave of
new designs that use different plastics of varying shades, translucence and textures. The
plastic in the middle of the casing has a rubberized feel that makes it easier to grip when

you are mobile. These characteristics, combined with the sweeping curves of the design,
make the PowerBook extremely appealing

visually.
Don't expect to gain any appreciation for

the design by looking at its picture in a maga~mers'c4

mers'ch

'Co~ A+ad

zine. To really value the industrial design you


have to see and feel the product for yourself.

~i'

Popping the cover reveals a TFT display

1997 ~ '~ 1998 ~


~<as Ex~<'

that is among the brightest and sharpest

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you' ll find on any laptop. The 13.1 inch display on the model I reviewed occupies almost
the same working area as a 17-inch CRT mon-

itor, making mobile screen an absolute pleasure to do the work on. Apple has also vastly

THE COMPUTERPAPER GREATERTORONTO EDITION

improved the robustness of the expansion


port covers on these models. All of these doors
are now spring-loaded and partially retract
into the casing housing. There's not much of
a chance that you' ll either break or lose these

INANE ARENA g Q

www.tcp.ca SEPTEMBER 1998

Road Rocket, a cardbus expansion card that


allows you to hook up two additional 21-inch
monitors in millions of colors, while sharing
desktop real estate with the PowerBook G3

series once again clearly establishes Apple as

display.

able price-performance ratio in the market-

unit with the applications you plan to use

the leader in portable computer design and with it. The only other significant drawback is
performance. Apple's new pricing structure the weight. However, I suspect most publishfor this seriesoffers the consumer an unbeat- ing and multimedia professionals will gladly

pieces.
But despite a radically slimmer profile over lbe bottom line

place.
There are only two caveats. Although I

When you see and test drive one of these


new PowerBook designs you will likely want
three kilograms. Not exactly svelte for a user to have one. With its new sleeker design,
multiplicity of expansion options and raw
who spends a lot of their time on the road.
performance abilities, the PowerBook G3

Since this impairs the ultimate performance of


the processor, you may want to evaluate the

didn't get a chance to use one, the lower end


offerings based on the 233 MHz processor do

the previous generation PowerBooks, the


units in the G3 series still weigh in at just over

lug this portable around in exchange for its


Let's face it, it sure
impressivep

erforma
nce

beats having to take your desktop on the road


with you. 0

not come equipped with a backside cache. Peter Miiburn is a consultant with Elite @stems
Support located in Calgary, Alberta. He can bereached
on the internet at elite.systems@shaw.wave.ca

Peak performance
But the PowerBook G3 series is more than just
a pretty cosmetic makeover. In other words,
this is not your father's laptop computer.
Under the hood of the G3 turks fearsome computational power that is capable of putting
many desktop computers to shame. The top-

of-the-line, fully loaded model is decked out


with a 292 MHz PowerPC 750 RISC processor
with 1 MB of backside cache on a dedicated
bus running at 146 MHz, along with a system
bus clocking at 83 MHz. It is complemented
with a gorgeous 14.1-inch TFT display with a
resolution of 1,024x768, an 8 GB hard drive, a
20x CD-ROM drive and a keyboard with a
superb tactile response.
I was fortunate enough to test drive a midrange 250 MHz model with a I MB backside
cache running at IZS MHz with the same 83
MHz system bus. It had the slightly smaller

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13.1 inch display and a fast ATA hard drive


with 4 GB capacity. I took the usual smorgasbord of applications for a spin to get a feel for
the new machine.
As expected, the PowerBook took whatever I could throw at it with ease. Notably, software such as Virtual PC and SoftWindows
really show their potential on hardware such
as this. If you have a vertical PC application
that has modest computational requirements,
and it's the only PC application you really
need to be able to run, the PowerBook G3
becomes a primary candidate for your mobile

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laptop needs.
What is also remarkable is that this awesome performance does not have to come at
the expense of short battery life. With a sing le lithium io n b a t tery I p u s hed t h e
PowerBook reasonably hard with frequent
hard disk and CD-ROM access. I was able to
squeeze out around three hours of use. You
can nearly double this time by swapping
your CD-ROM drive module for a second
battery unit. The frugal power requirements
of the PowerPC 750 microprocessor about
15 percent t ha t o f e q u i valent s peed
Pentium 11 CPU is a big part of w h at
makes this possible.

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Expansion galore
W ith th e exception o f P C I s l ots, t h e
PowerBook G3 series comes with just about ail
of the expansion options most users could ask
for. Most notable are the 10-Base-T ethernet,

56K modem (on some models), 4 Mbps IrDA,

eottatttsty

SCSI and S-video out ports. The storage modules such as the CD-ROM and floppy drive are

hot-swappable (no sleep mode required)


between themselves and with other expansion
options available on the market.
Apple has recently announced a DVDVideo kit for the PowerBook G3 series, lt's a
combination DVD-ROM drive and PC card
that contains video decoding hardware.

e e e

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Imation has also released a VST Super Drive


LS-120 module, It replaces your old floppy
with a new high-capadty floppy that can hold
120 MB of data while still maintaining backwards compatibility with the older floppy formats. Last but not least is the new ixMicro

I d

gpssKIDSgg

SEPTEMBER1998 THE COMPUTER PAPER GREATERTORONTO EDITION www.tcp.ca

Goodall offers
environmental lessons
Iy )ean Allen-Ilteaon
tur

ubilee's Journey
is the first in a series of

three CD-ROMs for six- to 10-year old


kids. The series explores environmental
sues with Jane GoodaH of the institute bearing her name, which promotes the welfare of
chimpanzee.
Ja

With this disc, children travel through 18


environments searching for items to help
restore six troubled environments to their
natural state. These nscenesn include the

Okeefenokee Swamp the Great Barrier Reef


and a big city street complete with street kidh.

Along the way, children play games at one of


three skill levels, listen to lively songs, work
puzzles and learn grassroots facts about how

they ran help fight pollution and preserve


natural habitats. As they click on items in
each environment, goofy animations pop up,
facts about wildlife are presented, along with
suggestions on better ways of interacting with
the habitat such as improved farming tech-

Jubilee's Journey
,A/~fr en
i v( <

niques. The program is multicultural and


should be an asset in school settings.
The theme comes from Jane Goodall's
"Just Me" campaign that promotes individual
responsibility in environmental issues. During
the game, Jane pops up to provide encouragem ent, offer animated "facts," or talk i n
smoother-than-usual videos.
,Goodall shows kids how they can make a
difference in their environment. The CDROM hammers home the theme that pollution and preservation do not come from
anonymous groups but from individuals who
can make a difference in their communities

I I.

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A reference library of books and Web sites
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No long term commitment.

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