Está en la página 1de 2

lawebdelingles.

com

http://lawebdelingles.com/nivel-b1/if-y-whether/

If y whether
If y whether, sabes la diferencia? Su significado en espaol es si, de condicional. El problema viene en que NO
SIEMPRE se pueden intercambiar, a veces s, pero otras veces slo se puede usar uno de ellos. Vamos a verlo.
1. Usamos if o whether cuando estamos haciendo preguntas de s o no, lo que se conoce en ingls
como yes/no questions. Aqu no importa cul de los dos utilices.
Recordarte que las yes/no questions son preguntas que slo se pueden responder con s o no, por ejemplo: Do you
like milk? Yes, I do OR No, I dont.
Una pregunta que no es yes/no question, sera: What time do you finish work? At 8 = en este caso, la respuesta no
puede ser s o no, sino en este caso, lo que contesta a what time, las 8 en nuestro ejemplo. A estas preguntas se
les llama en ingls wh-questions.
Dicho esto, vamos a ver unos ejemplos con el uso de if y whether.
Can you take care of Tommy for me? = This is a reporting yes/no questionI dont know yet whether / if I shall
be able to look after Tommy during the Easter holidays or not.
Is Paco still around? = This is a reporting yes/no question
I wondered whether / if Paco had left the country as I hadnt seen him for some time.
whether not if: cundo usamos whether y no if:
1. after prepositions
2. before to infinitives

3. in whetheror constructions
4. whenever we start a sentence with the conjuntion

Whether Ill get there in time for Henrys lecture, I dont know = sentence starting with the conjuntion
I cant make up my mind whether to buy some new summer clothes now or wait until the prices go down = to
infinitive
There was a lot of discussion about whether Ringo should have his tongue pierced or not = preposition
Whether we go by bus or by train doesnt really matter. Its bound to be a slow journey = Whether or
construction
Im going to spend all of grannys money on a new kitchen whether you like it or not ! = Whether or
construction

Complete the following sentences using whether, whether or not or if.


(Choose if when it is possible to use it.
1.

I cant decide ______________________ to buy a bicycle.

2.

Tom asked Julie ___________________ shed like to go to the cinema.

3.

Youve got to go to school __________________ you like it or not!

4.

Caroline might come. It depends on _________________ she has a car or not.

5.

Were not sure ___________________ were going to change offices.

6.

_________________ I buy the cake or make it myself wont make it less fattening!

7.

I wonder ____________________ I should mention it to my boss.

8.

He really doesnt care ____________________ it suits everyone.

9.

Im not sure _________________ Ill have time to go to the hairdressers.

10.

The price doesnt change ______________ you travel by car or by train. .

KEYS
1) whether or not

2) if

6) whether

8) whether or not

7) if

Copyright
2015 La Web del Ingls.

3) whether

4) whether
9) if

5) if

10) whether