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UNIVERSIDAD NACIONAL DE INGENIERA

Facultad de Ingeniera Geolgica, Minera y Metalrgica


Especialidad: Todos

Ciclo:

2015-I

EXAMEN FINAL-QUIMICA I
Profesor

Da y hora

Indicacione
s

Jimmy Aurelio Rosales Huamani


09/07/2015
Sin copias ni apuntes. Prohibido el prstamo de calculadoras, correctores, y uso de celulares, laptop y tablets

1. Una hulla est formada por 75.6% de C, 6.2% de H 2, 4.9% de O2, 1.1%
de N2, 0.4% de S, 2.7 % de humedad y cenizas. Cuantos m 3 de aire se
necesitan tericamente para la combustin de 10 kg de carbn, si el
aire contiene 20.8% en volumen de O 2. Adems la lectura del barmetro
es de 756 Torr a 17C.
(6ptos)
2. Para el argn las constantes de van der Waals son a= 1.363 L 2 atm mol
-2
y b = 0.03219 L mol -1. Elaborar la grfica P vs V a 50 K, 75 K, 100 K,
150 K para 2 moles de argn en el intervalo de volmenes de 0.060 L a
0.2 L usando la ecuacin de Van der Waals.
(8ptos)
3. El radio atmico del nquel Cubica Centrada en las Caras (CCC) es 1.243
. Calcular la densidad del nquel, si se sabe que la masa atmica del
nquel es de 58.71 g/mol.
(3ptos)
4. Del siguiente extracto de un artculo, haga un breve resumen de ello:
Extremely acidic mine waters with pH values as low as -3.6, total dissolved metal concentrations as
high as 200 g/L, and sulfate concentrations as high as 760 g/L, have been encountered
underground in the Richmond Mine at Iron Mountain, CA. These are the most acidic waters known.
The pH measurements were obtained by using the Pitzer method to define pH for calibration of
glass membrane electrodes. The calibration of pH below 0.5 with glass membrane electrodes
becomes strongly nonlinear but is reproducible to a pH as low as -4. Numerous efflorescent
minerals were found forming from these acid waters. These extreme acid waters were formed
primarily by pyrite oxidation and concentration by evaporation with minor effects from aqueous
ferrous iron oxidation and efflorescent mineral formation.
(3ptos)