Broward College

Impacts Of Stalin and Mao On Their Societies And Goals Of Their Successors

Guillermo Gonzalez
Dr. Hernandez-Muzquiz
23 June 2016

particularly fitting. and Mao Zedong became Chinese Communism. Despite of these striking similitudes. went beyond ordinary politics. In the case of Stalin. Mao and Stalin have many more striking similitudes than differences. and put them on par with almost-mythic figures. They personified their ideologies. then Mao Zedong followed his blueprints in a spectacular fashion. as opposed to the Soviet. Joseph Stalin had such power that went beyond criticism. And if Stalin set the stage for communist dictatorship. almost as if Mao was the last of the great prophets of Marxism. the biggest difference between the Soviet and the Chinese communism is that the Chinese communism was able to maintain its longevity. as Mao practically followed Stalin’s model of governance. considering the position he occupied was linked to the divine right. Tsars could not be challenged by any government. If we add to that the amount of praise that both leaders received from the people. Stalin and Beyond Both the USSR and the Chinese was at some point led by a prominently dominant character. according to the Tsars themselves. and both ultimately shared the same political ideals.Gonzalez   2   Leaders and Their Impact on Society Mao vs. both leaders were constantly aided by propaganda campaigns created by their respective parties that elevated them above normal politicians. Furthermore. Mao’s control of the Chinese government and ideals went to such levels that he has been described in religious terms. which went beyond being recognized by the cause they represented. Nikita Khrushchev began immediately to shift government policies. which the Russian Tsars exercised and gave them an authority that. both leaders were adored by their respective peoples. After Joseph Stalin’s death in 1953. By default. in an attempt to guide the Soviets away from the . Stalin became Soviet Communism. he was the “Red Tsar”.

and famine began to spread. who remained unwilling to make changes in policies for fear of being deemed as capitalistic in nature. the result was an economic decline that lead to the Soviet Union’s downfall.Gonzalez   3   extreme oppression that had taken place under Stalin’s hard fist. but unfortunately haven’t been successful. leadership and governance style. The Chinese government continued to pay tribute to the cult of personality established around Chairman Mao. and the USSR saw a reduction in censorship. as opposed to the Soviet government. as well as committed atrocious crimes against people who associated themselves with traditional Chinese values. They took land from farmers. and set in motion a campaign to completely erase any trace of Stalin’s legacy. The Soviet government had no other asset than oil to trade for food. After Mao’s death. the Chinese government went through yet another process of restructuration. In a parallel fashion. China. shifted its economical policies into a system known as market socialism. the Soviet Union became less oppressive. Mao Zedong opposed Khrushchev’s instance. and spoke in favor of Joseph Stalin’s ideals in regards to foreign policy. As the USSR and the Chinese began to split. The government destroyed Chinese temples and schools. This change of economic policy brought great advantages to China. Since then. Khrushchev denounced Stalin when the former had risen to power. and when the oil prices tanked. the production of grain became stagnant. Russia has made attempts to change its financial related policies in order to steer their economy into a marked-based one. on the other hand. which doesn’t share too many similitudes with the USSR in the . When the Soviets collectivized farms. providing the Chinese citizens with greater freedoms and a market economy open to foreign trade. the Chinese government eliminated much of its culture during the Great Leap Forward and the Cultural Revolution. Khrushchev’s Thaw was employed for over 10 years starting in the 1950’s. and the people were hungry.

and has provided their people and their government with one of the world’s strongest economies.Gonzalez   4   latter’s reliance on a free market. . This system of market socialism is still in place in China.

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