Broward College

Impacts Of Stalin and Mao On Their Societies And Goals Of Their Successors

Guillermo Gonzalez
Dr. Hernandez-Muzquiz
WOH2040
23 June 2016

Joseph Stalin had such power that went beyond criticism. In the case of Stalin. Mao and Stalin have many more striking similitudes than differences. particularly fitting. both leaders were adored by their respective peoples. almost as if Mao was the last of the great prophets of Marxism.Gonzalez   2   Leaders and Their Impact on Society Mao vs. By default. Stalin became Soviet Communism. went beyond ordinary politics. Mao’s control of the Chinese government and ideals went to such levels that he has been described in religious terms. both leaders were constantly aided by propaganda campaigns created by their respective parties that elevated them above normal politicians. then Mao Zedong followed his blueprints in a spectacular fashion. Stalin and Beyond Both the USSR and the Chinese was at some point led by a prominently dominant character. If we add to that the amount of praise that both leaders received from the people. he was the “Red Tsar”. according to the Tsars themselves. in an attempt to guide the Soviets away from the . as Mao practically followed Stalin’s model of governance. Tsars could not be challenged by any government. Despite of these striking similitudes. the biggest difference between the Soviet and the Chinese communism is that the Chinese communism was able to maintain its longevity. considering the position he occupied was linked to the divine right. which the Russian Tsars exercised and gave them an authority that. as opposed to the Soviet. and put them on par with almost-mythic figures. And if Stalin set the stage for communist dictatorship. After Joseph Stalin’s death in 1953. Nikita Khrushchev began immediately to shift government policies. They personified their ideologies. Furthermore. which went beyond being recognized by the cause they represented. and both ultimately shared the same political ideals. and Mao Zedong became Chinese Communism.

and set in motion a campaign to completely erase any trace of Stalin’s legacy. Khrushchev denounced Stalin when the former had risen to power. the Chinese government went through yet another process of restructuration. The Soviet government had no other asset than oil to trade for food. Since then. and famine began to spread. shifted its economical policies into a system known as market socialism. on the other hand. The Chinese government continued to pay tribute to the cult of personality established around Chairman Mao. and the USSR saw a reduction in censorship. and the people were hungry. This change of economic policy brought great advantages to China. as well as committed atrocious crimes against people who associated themselves with traditional Chinese values. In a parallel fashion. Russia has made attempts to change its financial related policies in order to steer their economy into a marked-based one. The government destroyed Chinese temples and schools.Gonzalez   3   extreme oppression that had taken place under Stalin’s hard fist. and spoke in favor of Joseph Stalin’s ideals in regards to foreign policy. the result was an economic decline that lead to the Soviet Union’s downfall. They took land from farmers. which doesn’t share too many similitudes with the USSR in the . leadership and governance style. who remained unwilling to make changes in policies for fear of being deemed as capitalistic in nature. When the Soviets collectivized farms. the Soviet Union became less oppressive. As the USSR and the Chinese began to split. Khrushchev’s Thaw was employed for over 10 years starting in the 1950’s. and when the oil prices tanked. the Chinese government eliminated much of its culture during the Great Leap Forward and the Cultural Revolution. as opposed to the Soviet government. China. providing the Chinese citizens with greater freedoms and a market economy open to foreign trade. Mao Zedong opposed Khrushchev’s instance. After Mao’s death. but unfortunately haven’t been successful. the production of grain became stagnant.

Gonzalez   4   latter’s reliance on a free market. and has provided their people and their government with one of the world’s strongest economies. This system of market socialism is still in place in China. .

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