Broward College

Impacts Of Stalin and Mao On Their Societies And Goals Of Their Successors

Guillermo Gonzalez
Dr. Hernandez-Muzquiz
23 June 2016

They personified their ideologies. particularly fitting. which went beyond being recognized by the cause they represented. then Mao Zedong followed his blueprints in a spectacular fashion. and Mao Zedong became Chinese Communism. considering the position he occupied was linked to the divine right. Joseph Stalin had such power that went beyond criticism. in an attempt to guide the Soviets away from the . Nikita Khrushchev began immediately to shift government policies. After Joseph Stalin’s death in 1953. as opposed to the Soviet. And if Stalin set the stage for communist dictatorship. Stalin became Soviet Communism. Furthermore. both leaders were constantly aided by propaganda campaigns created by their respective parties that elevated them above normal politicians. according to the Tsars themselves. both leaders were adored by their respective peoples. he was the “Red Tsar”. Stalin and Beyond Both the USSR and the Chinese was at some point led by a prominently dominant character. By default. Tsars could not be challenged by any government. Mao and Stalin have many more striking similitudes than differences. Mao’s control of the Chinese government and ideals went to such levels that he has been described in religious terms. and put them on par with almost-mythic figures. almost as if Mao was the last of the great prophets of Marxism. In the case of Stalin. If we add to that the amount of praise that both leaders received from the people. the biggest difference between the Soviet and the Chinese communism is that the Chinese communism was able to maintain its longevity.Gonzalez   2   Leaders and Their Impact on Society Mao vs. which the Russian Tsars exercised and gave them an authority that. as Mao practically followed Stalin’s model of governance. went beyond ordinary politics. Despite of these striking similitudes. and both ultimately shared the same political ideals.

The government destroyed Chinese temples and schools. and set in motion a campaign to completely erase any trace of Stalin’s legacy. In a parallel fashion. Since then. and spoke in favor of Joseph Stalin’s ideals in regards to foreign policy. providing the Chinese citizens with greater freedoms and a market economy open to foreign trade. When the Soviets collectivized farms. As the USSR and the Chinese began to split. the production of grain became stagnant. and when the oil prices tanked. and the USSR saw a reduction in censorship.Gonzalez   3   extreme oppression that had taken place under Stalin’s hard fist. Mao Zedong opposed Khrushchev’s instance. This change of economic policy brought great advantages to China. Khrushchev denounced Stalin when the former had risen to power. China. the Soviet Union became less oppressive. on the other hand. the Chinese government went through yet another process of restructuration. Russia has made attempts to change its financial related policies in order to steer their economy into a marked-based one. but unfortunately haven’t been successful. The Chinese government continued to pay tribute to the cult of personality established around Chairman Mao. After Mao’s death. who remained unwilling to make changes in policies for fear of being deemed as capitalistic in nature. Khrushchev’s Thaw was employed for over 10 years starting in the 1950’s. the result was an economic decline that lead to the Soviet Union’s downfall. shifted its economical policies into a system known as market socialism. They took land from farmers. as well as committed atrocious crimes against people who associated themselves with traditional Chinese values. the Chinese government eliminated much of its culture during the Great Leap Forward and the Cultural Revolution. leadership and governance style. and famine began to spread. as opposed to the Soviet government. The Soviet government had no other asset than oil to trade for food. and the people were hungry. which doesn’t share too many similitudes with the USSR in the .

and has provided their people and their government with one of the world’s strongest economies. . This system of market socialism is still in place in China.Gonzalez   4   latter’s reliance on a free market.