Broward College

Impacts Of Stalin and Mao On Their Societies And Goals Of Their Successors

Guillermo Gonzalez
Dr. Hernandez-Muzquiz
23 June 2016

and put them on par with almost-mythic figures. which went beyond being recognized by the cause they represented. according to the Tsars themselves. Mao’s control of the Chinese government and ideals went to such levels that he has been described in religious terms.Gonzalez   2   Leaders and Their Impact on Society Mao vs. as Mao practically followed Stalin’s model of governance. and both ultimately shared the same political ideals. Tsars could not be challenged by any government. After Joseph Stalin’s death in 1953. Despite of these striking similitudes. and Mao Zedong became Chinese Communism. Stalin became Soviet Communism. Nikita Khrushchev began immediately to shift government policies. the biggest difference between the Soviet and the Chinese communism is that the Chinese communism was able to maintain its longevity. went beyond ordinary politics. he was the “Red Tsar”. both leaders were adored by their respective peoples. both leaders were constantly aided by propaganda campaigns created by their respective parties that elevated them above normal politicians. almost as if Mao was the last of the great prophets of Marxism. as opposed to the Soviet. Joseph Stalin had such power that went beyond criticism. Stalin and Beyond Both the USSR and the Chinese was at some point led by a prominently dominant character. considering the position he occupied was linked to the divine right. They personified their ideologies. Mao and Stalin have many more striking similitudes than differences. If we add to that the amount of praise that both leaders received from the people. In the case of Stalin. in an attempt to guide the Soviets away from the . then Mao Zedong followed his blueprints in a spectacular fashion. By default. Furthermore. particularly fitting. And if Stalin set the stage for communist dictatorship. which the Russian Tsars exercised and gave them an authority that.

Since then. providing the Chinese citizens with greater freedoms and a market economy open to foreign trade. the Soviet Union became less oppressive.Gonzalez   3   extreme oppression that had taken place under Stalin’s hard fist. the production of grain became stagnant. and when the oil prices tanked. the Chinese government eliminated much of its culture during the Great Leap Forward and the Cultural Revolution. When the Soviets collectivized farms. as well as committed atrocious crimes against people who associated themselves with traditional Chinese values. The Chinese government continued to pay tribute to the cult of personality established around Chairman Mao. In a parallel fashion. Khrushchev denounced Stalin when the former had risen to power. and famine began to spread. and set in motion a campaign to completely erase any trace of Stalin’s legacy. The Soviet government had no other asset than oil to trade for food. and spoke in favor of Joseph Stalin’s ideals in regards to foreign policy. China. on the other hand. Mao Zedong opposed Khrushchev’s instance. As the USSR and the Chinese began to split. leadership and governance style. the Chinese government went through yet another process of restructuration. They took land from farmers. Russia has made attempts to change its financial related policies in order to steer their economy into a marked-based one. and the people were hungry. which doesn’t share too many similitudes with the USSR in the . as opposed to the Soviet government. Khrushchev’s Thaw was employed for over 10 years starting in the 1950’s. This change of economic policy brought great advantages to China. the result was an economic decline that lead to the Soviet Union’s downfall. but unfortunately haven’t been successful. and the USSR saw a reduction in censorship. who remained unwilling to make changes in policies for fear of being deemed as capitalistic in nature. The government destroyed Chinese temples and schools. After Mao’s death. shifted its economical policies into a system known as market socialism.

This system of market socialism is still in place in China.Gonzalez   4   latter’s reliance on a free market. and has provided their people and their government with one of the world’s strongest economies. .