Broward College

Impacts Of Stalin and Mao On Their Societies And Goals Of Their Successors

Guillermo Gonzalez
Dr. Hernandez-Muzquiz
23 June 2016

And if Stalin set the stage for communist dictatorship. both leaders were constantly aided by propaganda campaigns created by their respective parties that elevated them above normal politicians.Gonzalez   2   Leaders and Their Impact on Society Mao vs. Mao and Stalin have many more striking similitudes than differences. Tsars could not be challenged by any government. he was the “Red Tsar”. considering the position he occupied was linked to the divine right. Furthermore. particularly fitting. and both ultimately shared the same political ideals. and Mao Zedong became Chinese Communism. according to the Tsars themselves. as opposed to the Soviet. If we add to that the amount of praise that both leaders received from the people. almost as if Mao was the last of the great prophets of Marxism. in an attempt to guide the Soviets away from the . Despite of these striking similitudes. Nikita Khrushchev began immediately to shift government policies. They personified their ideologies. both leaders were adored by their respective peoples. Mao’s control of the Chinese government and ideals went to such levels that he has been described in religious terms. then Mao Zedong followed his blueprints in a spectacular fashion. Stalin became Soviet Communism. In the case of Stalin. went beyond ordinary politics. and put them on par with almost-mythic figures. which the Russian Tsars exercised and gave them an authority that. Stalin and Beyond Both the USSR and the Chinese was at some point led by a prominently dominant character. After Joseph Stalin’s death in 1953. the biggest difference between the Soviet and the Chinese communism is that the Chinese communism was able to maintain its longevity. as Mao practically followed Stalin’s model of governance. Joseph Stalin had such power that went beyond criticism. which went beyond being recognized by the cause they represented. By default.

but unfortunately haven’t been successful. as well as committed atrocious crimes against people who associated themselves with traditional Chinese values. who remained unwilling to make changes in policies for fear of being deemed as capitalistic in nature. As the USSR and the Chinese began to split. The government destroyed Chinese temples and schools. and the people were hungry. In a parallel fashion. which doesn’t share too many similitudes with the USSR in the . When the Soviets collectivized farms. the production of grain became stagnant. Since then. and when the oil prices tanked. and famine began to spread. on the other hand. Russia has made attempts to change its financial related policies in order to steer their economy into a marked-based one. shifted its economical policies into a system known as market socialism. and set in motion a campaign to completely erase any trace of Stalin’s legacy. Khrushchev denounced Stalin when the former had risen to power. the Chinese government went through yet another process of restructuration. the result was an economic decline that lead to the Soviet Union’s downfall. and the USSR saw a reduction in censorship.Gonzalez   3   extreme oppression that had taken place under Stalin’s hard fist. China. The Soviet government had no other asset than oil to trade for food. the Soviet Union became less oppressive. as opposed to the Soviet government. leadership and governance style. Mao Zedong opposed Khrushchev’s instance. After Mao’s death. and spoke in favor of Joseph Stalin’s ideals in regards to foreign policy. They took land from farmers. The Chinese government continued to pay tribute to the cult of personality established around Chairman Mao. Khrushchev’s Thaw was employed for over 10 years starting in the 1950’s. the Chinese government eliminated much of its culture during the Great Leap Forward and the Cultural Revolution. providing the Chinese citizens with greater freedoms and a market economy open to foreign trade. This change of economic policy brought great advantages to China.

This system of market socialism is still in place in China. .Gonzalez   4   latter’s reliance on a free market. and has provided their people and their government with one of the world’s strongest economies.

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