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PRODUCT NAME

NALCO WT-222
Corrosion Inhibitor
PRODUCT DESCRIPTION AND APPLICATION
Nalco WT-222 is a multifunctional, one-drum, scale and corrosion inhibitor for industrial open recirculating
cooling water systems.
This product was designed for systems with corrosive water and low to medium hardness and/or alkalinity.
Nalco WT-222 will provide protection over a wide range of operating conditions.
Nalco WT-222 can provide the following benefits in customer systems:
Management of cooling system operation based on the operational stresses placed upon it.
Extended tube bundle and equipment life due to reduced corrosion and scale
Reduced energy costs due to cleaner heat transfer surfaces

PHYSICAL & CHEMICAL PROPERTIES


These properties are typical. Refer to the Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS),
SECTION 9, for the most current data.
Form
Color
Odor
Specific Gravity @ 77F (25C)
Density
pH (100%)
Viscosity @ 68F (20C)
Freezing Point
Freeze-Thaw Recovery
Boiling Point
Solubility in Water
VOC Content

Liquid
Light Yellow
None
1.12
1.12 kg/l [ 9.3 lb/gal ]
0.4
6 cp
11F [-12C]
Complete
212F [100C]
Complete
Not Available

Product Viscosity vs. Temperature


Temperature
Viscosity (cp)
-3C (26.6F)
10
9C (48.2F)
7
24C (75.2F)
6

REGULATORY APPROVALS
Nalco WT-222 is intended for industrial use only. It must not be fed to potable water systems.
Refer to the Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS), SECTION 15 for the most recent information on approvals.

09-07-09/JLM ; NALCO WT-222 CPP-DPL

MATERIALS OF COMPATIBILITY
Compatible
Buna-N
Plasite 4005
Plasite 6000
Plasite 7122
Hypalon
Neoprene
Polyethylene
Polypropylene
PVC
Teflon
Polyurethane
Vinyl
Viton

Not Compatible
Aluminum
Brass
Carbon Steel
Nickel
Stainless Steel 304
Stainless Steel 316

DOSAGE AND FEEDING


For complete dosage and feeding recommendations, consult your Nalco Sales Engineer.
DOSAGE REQUIREMENTS
START-UP
Initially, feed Nalco WT-222 at the target dosage plus 25% based upon system volume. If the system volume

to determine. See Figure 1 "Nalco WT-222 control


is unknown or uncertain, perform Diagnostic TRASAR
chart " to determine the appropriate dosage of Nalco WT-222 and see CPP Presection under A-Z -LITE
section for further details regarding proper program control limits. Also, remember that the pH should never
rise above 8.5.

09-07-09/JLM ; NALCO WT-222 CPP-DPL

M-alkalinity (ppm CaCo3)

CHART TRASAR 23222


350
300

100 ppm
200

125 ppm

100

150 ppm

100

200

300

400

500

600

700

800

Ca-Hardness (ppm CaCo3)

Figure 1. Nalco WT-222 Control Chart

PRODUCT FEEDING AND PROGRAM COMPATIBILITY


Nalco WT-222 should be fed via a closed feed system. A closed feed system is defined as a system in which
fluid is moved from a closed storage vessel into a treated media without exposure to the atmosphere except
through normal venting or pressure relief devices.
Nalco WT-222 should be fed continuously to assure that adequate zinc residuals are maintained at all times.
Slug feed can cause localized chemical concentrations, and undesirable reactions such as precipitation of
zinc in the bulk water and potential reactions with other chemicals in the cooling water. Low product levels
will result in excessive corrosion.
Nalco WT-222 should be applied to a point in the system where rapid mixing and adequate distribution will
occur. The suction side of the circulating water pump is recommended.
This product contains anionic materials. Do not feed cationic containing materials with this program.
Periodic testing for zinc or phosphate may be useful. The soluble zinc level (0.45 micron filter) should be at
least 0.3 ppm. The difference between the filtered and unfiltered orthophosphate should be < 2 ppm.
Monitoring the water chemistry will help determine how well the chemical treatment program is working. The
following tests should be conducted on a routine basis to ensure that the water chemistry is kept in an
appropriate range.

09-07-09/JLM ; NALCO WT-222 CPP-DPL

Parameters
pH
Conductivity
M-alkalinity
Calcium Hardness
Orthophosphate
Silica
Zinc (total)
Zinc (soluble)

Range
7.3-8.5
<6,000 S/cm [mhos]
see control chart
see control chart
4-6 ppm
<150 ppm
1.5-2.25 ppm
> 0.5 ppm

Method or Kit
pH meter
Conductivity Meter
AP-059
AP-059
AP-029
AP-006
AP-015
AP-015

Note: It is important to also monitor corrosion rates via coupons. If yellow metal corrosion rates are high,
determine if the makeup water copper levels are high (greater than 0.05 ppm Cu). Also double check free
chlorine residuals and the oxidizing biocide feed rate.

ENVIRONMENTAL AND TOXICITY DATA


Biological Oxygen Demand (5-day BOD5)
Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD)
Total Organic Carbon (TOC)

283 ppm
130,000 ppm
40,000 ppm

Refer to SECTIONS 11 and 12 of the Material Safety Data Sheet for all available mammalian and aquatic
toxicity information.
Nalco WT-222 contains zinc which is considered a priority pollutant. It must be used In accordance with the
site NPDES permit.

SAFETY AND HANDLING


Nalco WT-222 is an acidic product, and may cause skin and eye irritation. Chemical resistant gloves and
safety goggles should be worn when handling Nalco WT-222. Read SECTION 8 of the Material Safety Data
Sheet for specific personal protective equipment and SECTION 3 for health effects information.

STORAGE
Nalco WT-222 should be stored in a location where the product temperature can be kept in a range between
26F (-3C) and 120F (49C). In cold climates, heat tracing and insulation of exposed containers and
transfer lines may be necessary.
Nalco WT-222 contains a reportable quantity (RQ) substance. All storage vessels of Nalco WT-222 must be
in secondary containment if the storage capacity exceeds the RQ of 32,400 pounds. Refer to the Material
Safety Data Sheet (MSDS), SECTION 7, for the most current data. Recommended in-plant storage limit is
one year.

REMARKS
If you need assistance or more information on this product, please call your nearest Nalco Representative.
For more news about Nalco Company, visit our website at www.nalco.com.
For Medical and Transportation Emergencies involving Nalco products, please see the Material Safety
Data Sheet for the phone number.

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION
NALCO and the Logo are registered trademarks of Nalco Company (2-26-2009)

09-07-09/JLM ; NALCO WT-222 CPP-DPL