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AMD car door Drive 2

Fine tuning

FINE TUNING OF AMD DRIVE 2 CAR DOOR OPERATOR


Valid for AMD Drive 2, (delivered since February 1999).
TABLE OF CONTENTS
1

SUMMARY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2

SAFETY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2

TOOLS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2

ELECTRONIC ASSEMBLY LAYOUT, DRIVE 2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3

PREREQUISITES FOR FINE TUNING . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4


5.1
Checking the test drive function . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
5.2
Connecting the PC to the door control board . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4

FINE TUNING . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6.1
Setting zero position . . . . . . . . . . . .
6.2
Speed tuning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6.2.1
Closing speed . . . . . . . . . .
6.2.2
Nudging speed . . . . . . . . . .
6.2.3
Opening speed. . . . . . . . . .
6.3
Adjusting the static closing force . . . . .
6.4
Setting the speed and the creep distance .

APPROVALS AND VERSION HISTORY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22

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13
16
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AM-03.35.023

2001 KONE Corporation


All rights reserved.

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1 (22)

(A) 2004-07-06

AMD car door Drive 2


Fine tuning

SUMMARY
This instruction describes how to fine tune the high perfomance doors driven by Drive 2, specially with
the maximum speed setting 4.
The fine tuning optimises the door perfomance.
The fine tuning is made after the start up sequence is correct and the doors are running at the factory
settings.

SAFETY
It is essential that the door closing speed is adjusted in accordance with this instruction.
There is a risk that at the speed setting #4 the kinetic energy of the door system exceeds the maximum
allowed value.
EN81-1/EN81-2 and A17.1 require that the maximum allowed kinetic energy during closing is 10 joules
and during nudging 4 joules (3,5J by A17.1).
If EN81-1/EN81-2 are not valid, refer to your local code. The closing speed and the nudging speed
must be set to cover the local kinetic energy requirements.

TOOLS
Tools needed for the fine tuning are:

Portable PC with Windows NT4, 3.11, 95 or 98 operating system


Hyperterminal software
Serial communication cable RS 232
Measuring device of the static closing force

AM-03.35.023

2001 KONE Corporation


All rights reserved.

2 (22)

(A) 2004-07-06

AMD car door Drive 2


Fine tuning

ELECTRONIC ASSEMBLY LAYOUT, DRIVE 2


L

1 Service Drive buttons

2 Encoder

Plug describtion:
X1 = Standard I/O
X2 = Extended I/O
X4 = Motor
X5 = Battery supply
X6 = Transformer secondary winding

3 Motor

X7 = RS 232 serial connector


X9 = Transformer primary winding
X10 = Motor encoder
X15 = Photo cell 1 (COL)
X16 = Photo cell 2

5 Door control board

X17 = Mech. safety edge 1


X18 = Mech. safety edge 2
X19 = Board line in
X40 = Test drive button

AM-03.35.023

2001 KONE Corporation


All rights reserved.

4 Reference switch

3 (22)

(A) 2004-07-06

AMD car door Drive 2


Fine tuning

PREREQUISITES FOR FINE TUNING


The start up sequence is correct and the doors are running satisfactorily with the factory settings.
All the mechanical adjustments are done correctly.

5.1

Checking the test drive function

Step
1
2
3

5.2

Action
Set the lift to service mode.
Open and close the car doors. Use the test
drive buttons.
If the door does not operate correctly, check
the Serv Drive (SD) LED on the door control
board.

Note
The lift control commands (open-16 and
close-17) are deactivated.
The LED must be ON when the lift is in
service mode.

Connecting the PC to the door control board

Step
1

Action
Connect the serial communication cable to
the connector X7 (RS 232).
Start the windows-terminal program at your
PC.
- TERMINAL.EXE (for Windows 3.11)
- HYPERTRM.EXE (for Windows NT4, 95
and 98)
When the program starts, set the following
parameters:
-

Connect using: COM1 or COM2


Bits per second: 9600
Data bits: 8
Parity: None
Stop bits: 1
Flow control: None

AM-03.35.023

2001 KONE Corporation


All rights reserved.

Note

4 (22)

(A) 2004-07-06

AMD car door Drive 2


Fine tuning

Step
4

Action
Press ESC button. The main menu is
displayed.

AMD / DRIVE 2
=============
****
MAIN MENU
0:
1:
2:
3:
4:
5:
6:
7:
8:

Note

SW-Rev. AMD2_Vx
EEpage 0

Actions
Counter
Door data
Profile data
Errors
Measured
IO
Reference Values
States

?>

AM-03.35.023

2001 KONE Corporation


All rights reserved.

5 (22)

(A) 2004-07-06

AMD car door Drive 2


Fine tuning

FINE TUNING

6.1

Setting zero position


The zero-position for the doors is set when the doors and the coupler are fully closed. Setting of the
zero-position influences the close end behavior of the door. Zero-position is also the starting point for
the coupler movement.
When zero-position is set, the reference switch (used to detect the closed position of the door) is
automatically calibrated to optimise door perfomance.
Step
1
2
3

Action
Open the door to half open position.
Close door panels MANUALLY. Ensure that
the door panels and coupler vanes are fully
closed.
Select < 0: Actions > from the main menu.
Actions menu is displayed.

Note
The reference switch is open.
Do not close the door panels using the
motor. If the motor is used, the coupler
vanes open.

AMD / DRIVE 2
SW-Rev. AMD2_Vx
=============
EEpage 0
****
WATCH/MODIFY FLAGS Actions; ESC to quit
1
2
3
4
7
8

Balance
Learn
Clr.EE.data
Teach in pos. 0
Recover
Reset

FEDCBA9876543210
0000000000000000

Select in the Actions menu


< 4: Teach in pos. 0 > by typing 4.

Fully open and close the doors 4 times. Use


Test Drive Buttons.

AM-03.35.023

2001 KONE Corporation


All rights reserved.

The value for < Doordata -> refsw_offset >


parameter is set automatically when the
zero-position is set.
These drives are needed to set fully the
zero-position.

6 (22)

(A) 2004-07-06

AMD car door Drive 2


Fine tuning

6.2

Speed tuning
According to EN81-1/EN81-2 the kinetic energy of the door system (all moving parts) must be lower
than 10 J when the doors are closing and lower than 4 J when the doors are in nudging drive.
If EN81-1/EN81-2 are not valid, refer to your local code. The closing speed and the nudging speed
must be set to cover the local kinetic energy requirements.
Speed setting #4 is normally selected when high door performance speeds are required.
The flight time for 1 floor is measured from the moment door starts to close, until it is 800 mm open at
the next floor.
Only the values of the speed setting #4 are displayed on the computer screen. The proportional value
of the same parameter for other speed settings (#1, #2, #3) is adjusted automatically by the software.
Examples
open_speed 4 * 0,777 = open_speed 3
open_speed 4 * 0,555 = open_speed 2
open_speed 4 * 0,333 = open_speed 1
or
close_speed 4 * 0,880 = close_speed 3
close_speed 4 * 0,612 = close_speed 2
close_speed 4 * 0,500 = close_speed 1
Factory settings
Speed
setting
#1
#2
#3
#4

max. mass
(kg) *)
600
400
250
150

open speed close speed nudging speed acceleration


(mm/s)
(mm/s)
(mm/s)
(mm/s2)
300
182
115
773
500
224
141
1159
700
283
179
1855
900
365
231
3091

jerk
(mm/s3)
3091
4637
7419
12366

*) If the max. mass ( = the kinetic mass of the moving parts) exceeds the value in the table select lower
speed setting or adjust the closing speed. By adjusting the closing speed to fulfil the code you can
reach better door performance than by selecting lower speed setting.

AM-03.35.023

2001 KONE Corporation


All rights reserved.

7 (22)

(A) 2004-07-06

AMD car door Drive 2


Fine tuning

6.2.1

Closing speed
Calculating the kinetic mass
Always calculate the kinetic mass of the door system according to the heaviest set of landing door
panels.
The kinetic mass of the door system must include the masses of all moving parts.
Step

Action
Calculate the kinetic mass of the moving
parts (RESULT mkin).
2 panel centre opening doors, kinetic
mass=
Car door panel weight (mcar) x 2
+
Landing door panel weight (mlan) x 2
+
Weight of the motor, hangers, closing weight
and coupler (mfix)
2 panel side opening doors, kinetic
mass=
Car door panel weight (mcar) x 1,25
+
Landing door panel weight (mlan) x 1,25
+
Weight of the motor, hangers, closing weight
and coupler (mfix)
4 panel centre opening doors, kinetic
mass=
2 x kinetic mass of the 2 panel side opening
doors

Note
Door panel weights are marked with a sticker
on the door panels.
Read the weight of the panel on the sticker. If
the sticker is missing you can calculate the
weight. For formulas see page 9.
mfix = 33 kg

The slow door panel is running at half of the


speed of the fast door panel. The kinetic
mass of the slow door panel is 25 % of its
real mass.
mfix = 33 kg

Examples:
2 panel centre opening door
(mcar) = 54 kg
(mlan) = 62 kg
(mfix) = 33 kg

RESULT mkin = 2 * mcar + 2 * mlan + mfix = 108 kg + 124 kg + 33 kg = 265 kg

2 panel side opening door


(mcar) = 54 kg
(mlan) = 62 kg
(mfix) = 33 kg

RESULT mkin =1,25 * mcar + 1,25* mlan + mfix = 67,5 kg + 77,5 kg + 33 kg = 178 kg

AM-03.35.023

2001 KONE Corporation


All rights reserved.

8 (22)

(A) 2004-07-06

AMD car door Drive 2


Fine tuning

4 panel centre opening door


(mcar) = 54 kg
(mlan) = 62 kg
(mfix) = 33 kg

RESULT mkin = 2*(1,25 * mcar + 1,25* mlan )+ mfix = 2*(108 kg + 124 kg) + 33 kg
= 497 kg

Formulas for calculating the mass of the Design 2 door panel


Landing doors
Surface
Door type thickness
(mm)
AMDL1
0,8
AMDL1
0,8
AMDL1
0,8
AMDL1
1,0
AMDL2
0,8
AMDL2
0,8
AMDL2
0,8
AMDL2
1,0
AMDL3
0,8
AMDL3
0,8
AMDL3
0,8
AMDL3
1,0

Fire rate
*)

Formula for calculating the mass of the Design 2 door


panel

W,F
E
N
R (for Alta)
W,F
E
N
R (for Alta)
W,F
E
N
R (for Alta)

M = (0,049 * LL + 0,0106 * HH) * (0,00025 * HH + 0,5) * 0,5


M = 0,0023 * LL + 0,0035 * HH + 0,000008 * HH * LL + 3,5
M = (0,01 * HH - 20) * (0,0008 * LL + 0,25) + 0,018 * LL + 9,2
M = (0,005 * HH - 10) * (0,023 * LL + 0,7) + 0,026 * LL + 11
M = 9,7 + 0,024 * LL + (0,01 * HH - 20) * (0,0015 * LL - 0,043)
M = 10,7 + 0,018 * LL + (0,01 * HH - 20) * (0,0008 * LL + 0,3)
M = 10,7 + 0,018 * LL + (0,01 * HH - 20) * (0,0008 * LL + 0,3)
M = 10 + 0,0254 * LL + (0,01 * HH - 20) * (0,0011 * LL + 0,3)
M = 9,7 + 0,024 * LL + (0,01 * HH - 20) * (0,0015 * LL - 0,043)
M = 10,7 + 0,018 * LL + (0,01 * HH - 20) * (0,0008 * LL + 0,3)
M = 10,7 + 0,018 * LL + (0,01 * HH - 20) * (0,0008 * LL + 0,3)
M = 10 + 0,0254 * LL + (0,01 * HH - 20) * (0,0011 * LL + 0,3)

*) See descriptions on next page.


Car doors
Surface
Door type thickness
(mm)
AMDC1
0,8
AMDC1
0,8
AMDC1
1,0
AMDC2
0,8
AMDC2
0,8
AMDC2
1,0
AMDC3
0,8
AMDC3
0,8
AMDC3
1,0

Car door
package
number *)
32
31
33
32
31
33
32
31
33

Formula for calculating the mass of the Design 2 door


panel
M = 12,7 + 0,018 * LL + (0,01 * HH - 20) * (0,0008 * HH + 0,6)
M = 17,5 + 0,018 * LL + (0,01 * HH - 20) * (0,0009 * LL + 0,6)
M = 14,8 + 0,027 * LL + (0,01 * HH - 20) * (0,0011 * LL + 0,7)
M = 9,7 + 0,0176 * LL + (0,01 * HH - 20) * (0,0008 * LL + 0,3)
M = 17,7 + 0,0175 * LL + (0,01 * HH - 20) * (0,0008 * LL + 0,7)
M = 11 + 0,0266 * LL + (0,01 * HH - 20) * (0,00116 * LL + 0,3)
M = 9,7 + 0,0176 * LL + (0,01 * HH - 20) * (0,0008 * LL + 0,3)
M = 17,7 + 0,0175 * LL + (0,01 * HH - 20) * (0,0008 * LL + 0,7)
M = 11 + 0,0266 * LL + (0,01 * HH - 20) * (0,00116 * LL + 0,3)

AM-03.35.023

2001 KONE Corporation


All rights reserved.

9 (22)

(A) 2004-07-06

AMD car door Drive 2


Fine tuning

Fire rates:
W,F =
E
=
N
=
R
=

Door panel with labyrinth and insulation, (surface thickness 0,8 mm).
Door panel with labyrinth and without insulation, (surface thickness 0,8 mm).
Door panel without labyrinth and insulation, (surface thickness 0,8 mm).
Door panel with labyrinth and insulation, (surface thickness 1,0 mm).

Car door package numbers:


31
=
Curtain of light fixed to door panel. (Door panel surface thickness 0,8 mm.)
32
=
Curtain of light fixed at the sill ends. (Door panel surface thickness 0,8 mm.)
33
=
KONE Alta. Door panel with labyrinth and insulation. Door panel 100 mm higher than
standard door panel. Curtain of light fixed at sill ends.
(Door panel surface thickness 1,0 mm.)
Defining the closing speed
Step

Action
Define the maximum closing speed
by calculating
vclose_max =

Note

2 10J --------------------------------RESULTm kin

vclose_max is derived from formula

1 2
E = --- mv
2

E = 10 J according to EN81-1
OR
by reading the value from the following
graph.

AM-03.35.023

2001 KONE Corporation


All rights reserved.

10 (22)

(A) 2004-07-06

AMD car door Drive 2


Fine tuning

Maximum permissible closing speed according to the kinetic mass of the door system.
NOTE: This graph covers the code EN81-1 where maximum permissible kinetic energy = 10 J.
max. close speed
900

800

max. close speed [mm/s]

700

600

500

400

300

200

100

0
0

100

200

300

400

500

600

kin. doormass [kg]

AM-03.35.023

2001 KONE Corporation


All rights reserved.

11 (22)

(A) 2004-07-06

AMD car door Drive 2


Fine tuning

Changing closing speed


Step
1

Action
Select < 3: Profile data > in the main menu.
Profile data menu is displayed.

AMD / DRIVE 2
=============
****
Profile data

Note

SW-Rev. AMD2_Vx
EEpage 0

open_speed
close_speed
nudging_speed
acceleration
jerk
cplopen_speed
cplclose_speed
cplflags
?>
2

Select close_speed and press ENTER.

The current speed setting is displayed. To


change the value press ENTER.

Type in the new value and press ENTER.

AM-03.35.023

2001 KONE Corporation


All rights reserved.

Record the old value in the lift


documentation (normally located inside the
control panel). The old value is not stored to
program.
The new value is set and stored.

12 (22)

(A) 2004-07-06

AMD car door Drive 2


Fine tuning

6.2.2

Nudging speed
Defining the nudging speed
Step

Action
Define the maximum permissible nudging
speed

Note

by calculating
vnudging_max =

2 4J --------------------------------RESULTm kin

vnudging_max is derived from formula


1

1 2
E = --- mv
2

The kinetic mass (mkin) has previously been


calculated for setting the closing speed on
page 8.

E = 4 J according to EN81-1
OR
by reading the value from the following
graph.

AM-03.35.023

2001 KONE Corporation


All rights reserved.

13 (22)

(A) 2004-07-06

AMD car door Drive 2


Fine tuning

Maximum nudging speed according to the kinetic mass of the door system.
NOTE: This graph covers the code EN81-1 where maximum permissible kinetic energy = 4 J.
max. nudging speed
600

max. nudging speed [mm/s]

500

400

300

200

100

0
0

100

200

300

400

500

600

kin. doormass [kg]

AM-03.35.023

2001 KONE Corporation


All rights reserved.

14 (22)

(A) 2004-07-06

AMD car door Drive 2


Fine tuning

Changing the nudging speed


Step
1

Action
Select < 3: Profile data > in the main menu.
Profile data menu is displayed.

AMD / DRIVE 2
=============
****
Profile data

Note

SW-Rev. AMD2_Vx
EEpage 0

open_speed
close_speed
nudging_speed
acceleration
jerk
cplopen_speed
cplclose_speed
cplflags
?>
2

Select nudging_speed and press ENTER.

The current speed setting is displayed. To


change the value press ENTER.

Type in the new value and press ENTER.

AM-03.35.023

2001 KONE Corporation


All rights reserved.

Record the old value in the lift


documentation (normally located inside the
control panel). The old value is not stored to
program.
The new value is set and stored.

15 (22)

(A) 2004-07-06

AMD car door Drive 2


Fine tuning

6.2.3

Opening speed
Existing regulations do not require the adjustment of the opening speed.
Step
1

Action
Select < 3: Profile data > in the main menu.
Profile data menu is displayed.

AMD / DRIVE 2
=============
****
Profile data

Note

SW-Rev. AMD2_Vx
EEpage 0

open_speed
close_speed
nudging_speed
acceleration
jerk
cplopen_speed
cplclose_speed
cplflags
?>
2

Select open_speed and press ENTER.

The current speed setting is displayed.


To change the value press ENTER.

Type in the new value and press ENTER.

AM-03.35.023

2001 KONE Corporation


All rights reserved.

Record the old value in the lift


documentation (normally located inside the
control panel). The old value is not stored to
program.
The new value is set and stored.
The set opening speed may not be reached
if the door panels are heavy or if the clear
opening width is small.

16 (22)

(A) 2004-07-06

AMD car door Drive 2


Fine tuning

6.3

Adjusting the static closing force

Step
1

Action
Open and close the doors. Check that there
are no mechanical obstructions.

Drive the doors to close direction. Place a


force measuring device between the closing
door panels (centre opening door) or
between door panel and slam post (side
opening door).
2

Note

For centre opening doors the measuring


device will show half of the actual closing
force.
For side opening doors measuring device
shows the actual closing force.

Do not attempt to measure the force of a


moving door, stop it first.
If the closing force is not acceptable adjust
the closing force.
Acc. to EN81-1 the maximum permissible
static closing force is 150 N.

The lift must be in service mode (LED Serv


Drive (SD) is lit).
Open and close the car doors manually.
Check that there are no mechanical
obstructions.
3

Closing force increases when turning the


close force potentiometer clockwise.

Drive the car doors with the service drive


button to the close direction and adjust the
closing force. Refer to your local code.
Repeat the closing force measurement with
the landing door in normal drive (step 2).
a1149lo.wmf

AM-03.35.023

2001 KONE Corporation


All rights reserved.

17 (22)

(A) 2004-07-06

AMD car door Drive 2


Fine tuning

6.4

Setting the creep speed and the creep distance


With these two parameters you can adjust the door performance in the end phase of opening and
closing.
The best possible result is always a compromise between speed and distance setting. Consider also
the effect of high door speeds and noise levels (e.g. banging doors).
Increasing of the < distance_creep > value and/or decreasing of the < creep_speed > value

Reduces the possibility of the doors banging when the doors are closing
Makes the creeping phase longer and slower

Speed curve with distance_creep = 10 mm and creep_speed = 30 mm/s

AM-03.35.023

2001 KONE Corporation


All rights reserved.

18 (22)

(A) 2004-07-06

AMD car door Drive 2


Fine tuning

Decreasing of the < distance_creep > value and/or increasing < creep_speed > value

Makes the creeping phase shorter and faster

NOTE: The clear opening width of the landing doors may vary.
Speed curve with distance_creep = 5 mm and creep_speed = 50 mm/s

AM-03.35.023

2001 KONE Corporation


All rights reserved.

19 (22)

(A) 2004-07-06

AMD car door Drive 2


Fine tuning

Changing the creep distance


Step
1

Action
Select < 2: Door data > in the main menu.
Door data menu is displayed.

AMD / DRIVE 2
=============
****
Door data

Note

SW-Rev. AMD2_Vx
EEpage 0

door_width
pos_800
refsw_offset
distance_creep
creep_speed
learn_speed
standard_mass
?>
2

Select distance_creep and press ENTER.

The current distance_creep setting is


displayed. To change the value press
ENTER.

Type in the new value and press ENTER.

AM-03.35.023

2001 KONE Corporation


All rights reserved.

Record the old value in the lift


documentation (normally located inside the
control panel). The old value is not stored to
program.
The new value is set and stored.

20 (22)

(A) 2004-07-06

AMD car door Drive 2


Fine tuning

Changing the speed of the creep


Step
1

Action
Select < 2: Door data > in the main menu.
Door data menu is displayed.

AMD / DRIVE 2
=============
****
Door data

Note

SW-Rev. AMD2_Vx
EEpage 0

door_width
pos_800
refsw_offset
distance_creep
creep_speed
learn_speed
standard_mass
?>
2

Select creep_speed and press ENTER.

The current creep_speed setting is


displayed. To change the value press
ENTER.

Type in the new value and press ENTER.

AM-03.35.023

2001 KONE Corporation


All rights reserved.

Record the old value in the lift


documentation (normally located inside the
control panel). The old value is not stored to
program.
The new value is set and stored.

21 (22)

(A) 2004-07-06

AMD car door Drive 2


Fine tuning

APPROVALS AND VERSION HISTORY


Compiled by:
Checked by:
Approved by:

HAT / Project Engineer / Riitta Vuolteenaho


ECC / LCManager, AMD Doors / Harri Anttila
BU2 / LCM Team Leader / Petri Huotari

Issue Date
Description of Change
2001-01-10 First Issue
A
2004-07-06 A17.1 added.
B

AM-03.35.023

2001 KONE Corporation


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Ref CR Approved by
Petri Huotari
Petri Huotari

22 (22)

(A) 2004-07-06