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“AÑO DE LA CONSOLIDACIÓN DEL MAR DE GRAU”

"YEAR OF CONSOLIDATION OF THE SEA OF GRAU"
High School:

DISTINCTIVE

GRADO Y SECCIÓN:
GRADE AND SECTION
(greid and section)

NÚMERO DE ORDEN:
ORDER NUMBER
(order namber)

ENGLISH BOOK
I TRIMESTRE
PROFESOR

:

TEACHER (ticher)

ESTUDIANTE
STUDENT (student)

:

FIRST NAME

: _____________________

(first neim)

SECOND NAME : _____________________
(second neim)

LASTNAME

: First Last: ______________

(last neim)

(first last)

Second last: ____________
(second last)

DISCIPLINA, ESTUDIO Y TRABAJO
DISCIPLINE, STUDY AND WORK
(disciplin, stadi and work)

REGISTRO DE CALIFICACIÓN

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APELLIDOS Y NOMBRES

SECC.

FECHA

CALIFICACIÓN

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PUNTAJE TOTAL

CALIFICACIÓN - I TRIMESTRE
ENTRE

PUNTAJE TOTAL

NUMERO DE CALIFICACIONES

CALIFICACIÓN FINAL- I TRIMESTRE

Letra I Love You de Barney original Letra I Love You de Barney en español (traducción) I love you You love me Te quiero yo y tu ami We're a happy family Somos una familia feliz With a great big hug and a kiss from me to you. Con un gran abrazo y un beso grande de mí para ti. Won't you say you love me too No le dices que me amas demasiado . Won't you say you love me too No le dices que me amas demasiado I love you You love me Me encanta que me amas We're best friends like friends should be Somos los mejores amigos. Con un gran abrazo y un beso grande de mí para ti. como amigos debe ser With a great big hug and a kiss from me to you. Won't you say you love me too No le dices que me amas demasiado I love you You love me Me encanta que me amas We're best friends like friends should be Somos los mejores amigos. Con un fuerte abrazo y un beso te dire mi cariño es para ti. como amigos debe ser With a great big hug and a kiss from me to you. Con un gran abrazo y un beso grande de mí para ti. Won't you say you love me too No le dices que me amas demasiado I love you You love me Me encanta que me amas We're a happy family Somos una familia feliz With a great big hug and a kiss from me to you.

These. the day before yesterday. men. lots of. half past. Past and Future) • THE ENGLISH ALPHABET • THE PHONETIC ALPHABET • What?. O´clock. At. last week / last year / last Monday. little.TABLE OF CONTENTS PART ONE: ELEMENTARY LEVEL UNIT 1 UNIT 2 UNIT 3 • TO BE (Present. few. quarter past / to. at night Noon / midday. etc. next week. the day after tomorrow. That.ANY • CARDINAL NUMBERS • VOCABULARY: . water. For • Now.People • How much? How many? • Much. Who?. When?. books. minutes past / to In the morning / afternoon / evening. a lot.etc.Definite and Indefinite TELLING THE TIME VOCABULARY: . two days ago • THERE TO BE (Present. On. midnight information. today. work. Those. very few • • • • • • • • • • HAVE GOT / HAS GOT ADJECTIVES ARTICLES I .Adjectives Uncountable nouns: money. Countable nouns: people. tomorrow. Past and Future) • SOME . A short course in english for adult students 9 . Until. milk. In . How?. yesterday. A(N). Why?. many.NO . sugar. How old? How long? What time? • This. The .NOT ANY . very little. students.

She´s. the secretary. /δeir véri wél θæηk iu/ 2. /its an æmbiulans/ Es una ambulancia They are books. /δeir ká:rz/ Son autos Is this a pen? /iz δis a pén/ Is that a house? /is δæt a háus/ Are these books? /a:r δí:z búks/ Are those cars? /á:r δóuz ká:rz/ Yes. repita y aprenda: What? /wót/ ¿Qué? ¿Cuál?. Today /tudéi/ Hoy día.) . Fine /fáin/ bien. It´s. /its in δe gáridll/ It´s on the desk. They´re. It´s a house.They´re cars. On /on/ encima de.UNIT 1 PART I. TO BE (SER O ESTAR) A. it is. the students. Very well /véri uél/ muy bien. /iés it iz its e háus/ Yes. Jim and Tom. /its a pén/ Es un lápiz It´s an ambulance. This /δis/ este/a. The /δe (antes de cons. ¿Qué son esos? It is a pen. θæηks/ They´re very well. Who are those men? /hú: a:r δóuz mén/ He´s Mr.. In /in/ en. We´re. El verbo TO BE tiene tres formas en el tiempo presente: AM . ARE /a:r/ 1. Normalmente formando las contracciones ISN´ T /íznt/ o AREN´ T /á:rent/ Iam not /ai æm nót/ You are not /iú á:r nót/ He is not /hi: iz nót/ She is not /shí: iz nót/ It is not /it iz nót/ We are not /wí: a:r nót/ They are not /δei a:r nót/ ---------------------------You aren´t /iu á:rent/ He isn´t /hí: íznt/ She isn´t /shí: íznt/ It isn´t /it íznt/ We aren´t /wí: á:rent/ They aren´t /δei á:rent/ I´m not /aim nót/ You´re not /iúr nót/ He´s not / hí:z nót/ She´s not /shí:z nót/ It´s not /its nót/ We´re not /wí:r nót/ They´re not /δeir nót/ A short course in english for adult students 15 . IS /iz/. /iés. Much better /match béter/ mucho mejor What is this? /wót iz δis/ ¿Qué es esto? What´s that? /wots δæt/ ¿Qué es eso? What are these? /wót a:r δí:z/. Escuche. thank you. its a pén/ Yes. son/están) They are /δéi á:r/ (Ellos/as son/están) En conversación. /áim fáin. La forma negativa se expresa usando la palabra not. δeir búks/ Yes. Who? /hu:/ ¿Quién?. Where? /wéar/ ¿ Dónde?.δeir ká:rz/ Who is that man? /hú iz δæt mæn/ Who´s that woman? /hú:z δæt wúman/ . It is. thanks. ¿Qué son éstos? What are those? /wót a:r δóuz/. the new instructor. /shi:z δe sékretri/ They´re Bob. thanks. Thanks /δæηks/ gracias. Now /náu/ ahora. they are. He´s. Those /δóuz/ esos/as A/ a/(antes de cons. /δéir in δe læb/ How are you? /háu á:r iu:/ How´s John? /háuz dllón/ How are the children? /háu a:r δe tchíldrn/ I´m fine. /its on δe désk/ They´re in the car park.ARE I am /ai æm/ You are /iú á:r/ He is /hi: íz/ She is /shi: íz/ It is /it íz/ (Yo soy/estoy) (Tú eres/estás) (El es/está) (Ella es/está) (Es/está) We are /wi: á:r/ You are /iú á:r/ (Nosotros/as somos o estamos) (Uds.How? /háu/ ¿Cómo?. los. /iés. δi/ (antes de vocal) el. they are. /δéir in δe ká:r pá:rk/ They´re in the lab. You´re. la. An /an/ (antes de vocal) un/a. /δeir δe stiú:dents/ Where is Bob? /wéar iz bób/ Where´s the car? /wéarz δe ká:r/ Where´s the book? /wéarz δe búk/ Where are the cars? /wéar a:r δe ká:rz/ Where are the students? /wéar a:r δe stiú:dents/ He´s at home. At /æt/ en. δei á:r. That /δæt/ ese/a. /δei a:r búks/ Son libros They´re cars. /hi:z at hóum/ It´s in the garage. Jones. las. δei á:r.it iz. /hi:z δe niú: instráktor/ She´s Miss Black. These /δí:z/ estos/as. They´re books. EL TIEMPO PRESENTE: AM /æm/ .IS . θæηks/ He´s much better. /hí:z mátch béter.) un/a. normalmente se usan las contracciones I’m. Thank you /δæηk iu:/ gracias. It´s a pen /iés.

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Am I? /am ai/ Are you? /á:r iú:/ Is he? /íz hí:/ Is she? /íz shí:/ Is it? /íz it/ Aren´t I? * /á:rent ai / Aren´t you? /á:rent iu:/ Isn´t he? /íznt hi:/ Isn´t she? /íznt shi:/ Isn´t it? /íznt it/ Are we? /á:r wí:/ Are you? /á:r iú:/ Aren´t we? /á:rent wi:/ Aren´t you? /á:rent iú:/ Are they? /á:r δei/ Aren´t they? /á. Are we ready to go? 4. Escuche.) It´s a pencil. /trák/ No. Those vehicles______ slow-moving. ______ an undergraduate student. He isn´t here. Is Miss Jones a secretary? 7. They´re not in the lab.rent δei/ Debido a que no existe una contracción para AM NOT. isn´t /íznt/ . 5. as in the example Is Tom a pilot? 1. Are you in the office? 2. The instructors _____ in the staff-room. here /híar/ aquí. He´s not here.) It´s a truck. Are the students in class? 6. /páilot/ They are not students /stiú:dnts/. John and Mary _____ good friends. (sala de profs. 1. Yes. He isn´t very well. there /δéar/ allí. he is. repita y aprenda: is not /iz nót/. repita y aprenda: Am I right? /ám ái ráit/ ¿Estoy correcto? Are you all right? /á. It´s not a train. The train _____ ten minutes late. The instructor´s name _____ John Doe. 2. They aren´t in the lab. He is not here /híar/._____________ _______________________________________ ________________ _______________________________________ ________________ _______________________________________ ________________ _______________________________________ ________________ _______________________________________ ________________ _______________________________________ . Use the correct form of the verb TO BE (am/is/are) 1. 3. He´s not very well. 2. The men ______ tired. 10. 8.) Ex. /tréin/ Bob is not very well /véri wél/ The students are not in the lab /læb/. En conversación coloquial se usa la contracción AIN¨T /éint/ Ejemplo: Aren´t I your friend? Ain´t I your friend? * Escuche. (They´re not chairs). (It´s not a tank. 7. Am I a good instructor? 5. Clark? 3. The teacher ______ in the classroom now.r iu: ó:l ráit/ ¿Estás bien? Is he a captain? /íz hi: a káptin/ Es él un capitán? Are they busy? /á:r δei bízi/ ¿Están ellos ocupados? Is my answer correct? /íz mai á:nser korékt/ Aren´t I right? /á:rent ai ráit/ No estoy en lo cierto? Aren´t you tired? /á:rent iu táiard/ ¿No estás cansado? Isn´t she a nurse? /íznt shi. /mægazinz/ No. a ne:rs/ ¿No es ella una enfermera? Aren´t they happy? /á:rent δei hæpi/ ¿No están ellos felices? Isn´t this question correct? /íznt δis kwéstchion korékt/ EXERCISES Ex. 3.(vehículos lentos) Those weapons ______ powerful. (They´re not books. (armas-poderosas) 6. they aren´t. it isn´t. aren´t /á:rent/._____________ _______________________________________ Yes. /pénsl/ No. Doctor Smith _____ busy right now. They are not there /(éar/ It is not a train. Is this a modern plane? 16 A short course in english for adult students Yes. 4. They aren´t there. La forma interrogativa se expresa mediante simple inversión de orden con el sujeto de la oración. Is that man Mr. They´re tables /téiblz/. They´re not there. Answer these questions. it isn´t. 9. are not /a:r nót/. habitualmente se usa AREN¨T en este caso. He´s a pilot. they aren´t.Escuche.) They´re magazines. ---------------------------They aren´t students. over there /óuver δéar/ allá I am not a pilot. It isn´t a train. repita y aprenda estas preguntas y respuestas: Is this a pen? /pén/ Is that a tank? /tæηk/ Are these books? /búks/ Are those chairs? /tchéarz/ No. (It´s not a pen. I´m not a pilot They´re not students.

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Where?.8. The children / in the playground. The cigarettes are in the bag 4. Your friends / from Canada 5. as in the example below: The Browns . How?. The computer / connected to Internet 6. Are the children happy? felices (sad) tristes 5. 3. It´s a knife 2. 1.Is Cpt. Bowman on duty? de servicio (off duty) de franco No. Answer the questions as in the example: Are they instructors? (students) 1. thanks 5. Ask questions using the wh-words What?. Are your friends American? (British) 7. _________________ ( _________________________ ) ___________________________________ ____________________ ( _________________________ ) ___________________________________ ____________________ ( _________________________ ) ___________________________________ ____________________ ( _________________________ ) ___________________________________ ____________________ ( _________________________ ) ___________________________________ ____________________ ( _________________________ ) ___________________________________ ____________________ ( _________________________ ) ___________________________________ ____________________ ( _________________________ ) ___________________________________ ____________________ ( _________________________ ) ___________________________________ ____________________ ( _________________________ ) ___________________________________ Ex. The package / light or heavy (liviano o pesado) 7. The children are tired 10. Are you thirsty? sedientos (hungry) 3. Is the bank open? 10. The books are on the table 9.at home 1. The CD´s / in the drawer (gaveta) 10. That boy´s my brother 8. they are not. The manager / in his office 2. The cat´s under the sofa 6. Is Bob at home? en casa (at work) en el trabajo 4. Who?. Are you a navy officer?(an army officer) 8.Are you hungry? (hambriento) ________________ _______________________________________ ________________ _______________________________________ ________________ _______________________________________ Ex. The pictures / clear (nítidas. (They aren´t instructors) They ´re students No. Are the boys angry? enojados (hungry) hambrientos 2. The maps / in the library (biblioteca) Are the Browns at home? ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ Ex.(patio) 9. as in the example: It´s a plane. 4 Ask questions. Are the manuals updated?(actualizados) 9. 5. It´s a chair 7. Is the table clean? limpia (dirty) sucia 9. I´m fine. Are the men old? viejos (young) jóvenes 10. The course / interesting 4. Peter and John / in class 3. Is your brother a doctor? (an engineer) 6. claras) 8. They´re books 3.That woman´s my wife What´s this? o What´s that? ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ A short course in english for adult students 17 .

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WERE /wer/ 1. She ______ from London. Where ______ she from? She ______ from Australia. éramos/estábamos/fuimos/estuvimos) You were /iú: wé:r/ (Uds. Brown? I ______ American. The day before yesterday /δe déi bifór jésterdei/ anteayer Last night /la:st náit/ anoche I was very busy yesterday. . Peter Michael Peter Michael Peter Michael Peter Michael : : : : : : : : Hello. I ______ glad to meet you. la semana pasada Two days ago /tú: déiz agóu/ Hace dos días Yesterday /jésterdei/ ayer. too. 6. thanks. Complete and practise these dialogues with a partner. ¿Por qué?. El verbo TO BE tiene las siguientes formas en el tiempo pasado: WAS /woz/ . Oh. /míster djækson woz híar θrí: wí:ks agóu/ 18 A short course in english for adult students (Yo estuve muy ocupado ayer) (John estuvo en casa todo el día hoy) (Nosotros estuvimos en Paris del año pasado) (Mary era la mejor alumna de mi curso) (Ellos eran / fueron muy buenos amigos) (Mr Jackson estuvo aquí hace 3 semanas). Jack Jim Jack Jim : : : : Where ______ you. Robert Jack Robert Jack : : : : How do you do? My name ______ Robert Brown. Sir. EL TIEMPO PASADO: WAS /woz/ . I ______ not. Oh. How ______ you? I ______ fine.WERE /wer/ I was /ai wóz/ (yo era/estaba/fui/estuve) You were /iú: wé:r/ (Tú eras/estabas/fuiste/estuviste) He was /hí: wóz/ (El era/estaba/fue/estuvo) She was /shi: wóz/ (Ella era/estaba/fue/estuvo) It was /it wóz/ (era/estaba/fue/estuvo) We were /wi: wé:r/ (Nos. How old? /háu óuld/ ¿Qué edad? Last week /lá:st wí:k/ . I ______ with my friend Janet. Jackson was here three weeks ago. she ______ ______. ¿Cuándo? Why? /wái/. eran/estaban/fueron/estuvieron) They were /δei wé:r/ (Ellos/as an/estaban/fueron/estuvieron) Escuche. Pleased to meet you. Where ______ you from. 3. ______ she single? No. Mr. Wisconsin. That ______ very interesting. How ______ you? I ______ fine. She ______ a new student. 2. Peter. That´s bad news. Who______ that girl? She ______ Mary. Jim Jack Janet : : : B. /ai woz véri bízi iésterdei/ John was at home all day today. 1. I ______ from Appleton. Come and meet her. Jim? I ______ here. Jack. 4. /dllón woz at hóum ó:l déi tudéi/ We were in Paris last year /wi wé:r in páris la:st íar/ Mary was the best student in my class. (pausa) This ______ Janet. I´m glad to meet you. I ______ an instructor.Ex. / méri woz δe bést stiú:dent in mai klás/ They were very good friends. /δei wé:r véri gud fréndz/ Mr. lea y aprenda: When? /wén/. Hello. She ______ married. What ______ your name? My name ______ John. My name ______ Frank. Jane. Frank John Frank John Frank : : : : : Hello. Oh. ______ you alone? No. How do you do? My name ______ Jack Richardson. Mike Hello. in the library. I ______ ______. ______ you a student here? No. She ______ my classmate .

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Bob ______ very sick yesterday. 4. Mr Clark was about 85 years old when he died. La forma interrogativa se expresa invirtiendo el orden de WAS / WERE con el sujeto Escuche. John ______ in New York the day before yesterday but he ______ in Chicago today. ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ A short course in english for adult students 19 . but he ______ much better today. The weather was fine that day. La forma negativa se expresa usando NOT después de WAS o WERE. 3. John ______n´t in the office at ten this morning because he ______ at a meeting. 6.2. lea y aprenda: Were you in class this morning? /we:r iú: in klás δis mórnin/ Was John sick yesterday? /woz dllón sík iésterdi/ Was Mary a good student at school? /woz méri a gúd stiú:dent at skú:l/ Where were you at this time yesterday? /wéar wé:r iú at δis táim iésterdi/ Why was Jim absent from work? /wái woz dllím æbsent from wé:rk/ (¿Estuviste en clase esta mañana?) (¿Estuvo John enfermo ayer?) (¿Era Mary una buena alumna en el colegio?) (¿Dónde estabas a esta hora ayer?) (¿Por qué estuvo Jim ausente del trabajo?) EXERCISES: Ex. Who? 1. el año pasado) Mary wasn´t a good student at high school. 2. Yesterday ______ Sunday. but they ______ at work yesterday. 2. They were good friends at school.Why?. The Smiths were in Chile in 1985. Henry was at the movie at 7 P. Ex. 5. How old. 6.Y. present or past: 1. Complete these sentences with the proper form of the verb TO BE. Liz was in bed because she was sick. 3. Mary was late for the train this morning.M. 3. 4. 4. 6. John was in the car at that moment. 1. /wi wé:rent in niú: iórk lá:st íar/ (Nosotros no estuvimos en N. /ai woz nót véri bízi lá:st wí:k/ (Yo no estuve muy ocupado la semana pasada) John wasn´t at home this morning. The secretary was busy at midday. 5. 7. ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ Ex. Tom was at home at midnight last night. /dllón wóznt at hóum δis mórnin/ (John no estuvo en casa esta mañana) We weren´t in New York last year. /méri wóznt a gúd stiú:dent at hái skú:l/ (Mary no era una buena alumna en el liceo) They weren´t very hardworking. George was a little better this morning. Where ______ the Johnsons last weekend? Where ______ they today? The elevator ______ out of order last night. 2. 3. Ask questions using wh-words like What? Where? When?. 5. They ______ free today. Change the following sentences into a) Negative b) interrogative 1. lea y aprenda: I was not very busy last week. /δei wé:rnt véri há:rdwérkiη/ (Ellos no eran muy trabajadores) 3. The men were tired after the long walk. Escuche. but it ______ working well now. Normalmente se usan las contracciones WASN´T /wóznt/ o WEREN´T /wé:rent/. Today ______ Monday. 2. How?.

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/ai wil nót bí: bízi tumórou/ No estaré muy ocupado mañana Mary will not be at home today. The day after tomorrow /δe déi á:fter tumórou/ pasado mañana I will be very busy this afternoon. We are not busy right now. /ail bí: on lí:v for tú: wí:ks/ Yo estaré con permiso por dos semanas 2. but he _______________________________________ next Monday. Complete the sentences as in the example: John is not at home today. 7. lea y aprenda: Will you be free tomorrow evening? /wil iú: bí: frí: tumórou í:vnin/ ¿Estarás libre mañana en la noche? Will the test be difficult? /wil δe tést bí: dífikalt/ ¿Será dificil la prueba? Will they be here on Monday? /wil δei bí: híar on mándei/ ¿estarán ellos aquí el lunes? Won´t you be at the meeting? /wóunt iú. lea y aprenda: I will not be very busy tomorrrow. but he 1. EL TIEMPO FUTURO: WILL BE /will bi:/ 1. Estaré muy ocupado esta tarde John will be in class until 1 o´clock. El tiempo futuro del verbo TO BE se expresa mediante el uso del Verbo Modal WILL seguido del infinitivo BE. John isn´t absent today. bi: at δe mí:tin/ ¿No estarás tú en la reunión? When will they be here again? /wén wil δei bí: híar agéin/ ¿Cuándo estarán ellos aquí nuevamente? How long will they be in Washington? /háu loη wil δei bí: in wóshiδton/ ¿Cúanto tiempo estarán ellos en Washington? What time will you be back? /wót táim wil iu: bí: bæk/ ¿A qué hora estará Ud. Escuche. /it wóunt bí: kóuld tunáit/ No estará frio esta noche 3.Johnson was not at the meeting last week. /δei wóunt bí: híar ó:l dei/ Ellos no estarán aquí todo el día It won´t be cold tonight. /ái wil bí: véri bízi δis a:fternú:n/ . Next week /´nekst wi:k/ la próxima semana. 4. /méri wil nót bí: at hóum tudéi/ Mary no estará en casa hoy día. Mr. de regreso? EXERCISES: Ex.C. but we _________________________________________________________ after lunch. La forma interrogativa se expresa usando el verbo modal WILL o la contracción WON´T delante del sujeto. but they _______________________________ next semester. 5. It is not very cold now. 3. serán / estarán) They will be /δei wil bí:/ (Ellos / as serán estarán) También se pueden usar las siguientes contracciones: I´ll be /áil bí:/ You´ll be /iu:l bí:/ He´ll be /hí:l bí:/ They´ll be /δeil bí:/ Escuche. I will be /ai wil bí:/ (Yo seré / estaré) You will be /iú: wil bí:/ (Tú serás / estarás) He will be /hi: wil bí:/ (El será / estará) She will be /shí: wil bí:/ (Ellas será / estará) It will be /it wil bí:/ (Será / estará) We will be /wí: wil bí:/ (Nos. 2. /dllón wil bí: in klá:s antil wán oklók/ John estará en clases hasta la 1 It´ll be hot tomorrow. La forma negativa se expresa usando la palabra NOT después del verbo modal WILL Normalmente se usa la contracción WON´T /wóunt/. /ítl bí: hot tumórou/ Estará caluroso mañana I´ll be on leave for two weeks. The weather was not very nice last month. but it ______________________________________________________________ this evening. Escuche. Normalmente se usa la contracción ‘ll en la conversación diaria informal.seremos / estaremos) You will be /iú: wil bí:/ (Uds. A short course in english for adult students . I am not in my office at the moment. 6. Tom and Jack aren´t in the same class this semester. For /for/ por What time? /wót táim/ ¿Qué hora? Tomorrow /tumórou/ mañana. They won´t be here all day. but it _____________________________________________ next month. lea y aprenda: How long? /háu lóη/ ¿Cuánto tiempo? Until /antíl/ hasta. but I ________________________________________________ in ten minutes. but he _________________________________________________ the day after tomorrow. 1. 20 (will be at home) tomorrow.

5. All the shops will be closed tomorrow because it´s Sunday. 4. John will be in class today. 2. 4. They will be in the next town before midday. ¿Dónde están tus amigos ahora? ¿Quién estuvo aquí esta mañana? Nosotros no estuvimos aquí la semana pasada. How long?. ___________________________________________ ___________________________________________ ___________________________________________ ___________________________________________ ___________________________________________ ___________________________________________ ___________________________________________ ___________________________________________ ___________________________________________ ___________________________________________ ___________________________________________ ___________________________________________ ___________________________________________ ___________________________________________ Ex. 3. I´ll be in the first team. The weather will be very nice this month. en esa ciudad nuevamente? ___________________________________________ ___________________________________________ ___________________________________________ ___________________________________________ ___________________________________________ ___________________________________________ ___________________________________________ ___________________________________________ ___________________________________________ ___________________________________________ ___________________________________________ ___________________________________________ ___________________________________________ ___________________________________________ A short course in english for adult students 21 . 7. Mary will be in New York next weekend. I will be free next Tuesday morning. 7. Ask questions using Where?. Answer the following questions. Mr. She will be back in Chile on Wednesday. 1. 4. Ellos fueron buenos amigos en el colegio Los informes no estaban listos todavía. The students will be in the lab this afternoon. It´ll be hot tomorrow. 3. 6. 4. 6. Who was with you at the party last Saturday? 8. 3. 6.Why? How?. 2. Who was absent from class last Monday? 5. Mr Jackson estuvo en la oficina todo el día. Where were you last weekend? 7.When?. 10. The program will be interesting. Johnson will be absent from work for three days? ___________________________________________ ___________________________________________ ___________________________________________ ___________________________________________ ___________________________________________ ___________________________________________ ___________________________________________ ___________________________________________ ___________________________________________ Ex. 8. 7. ¿Cuándo estará Ud. 13. Where were you at this time yesterday? 2. 11.Ex. How are you today? 4. Mary´ll be in the office all morning. Alguien estuvo aquí ayer en la tarde. 1. 14. Esos niños no son muy buenos alumnos. 1. Change the following sentences into the negative and the interrogative forms. Cuándo están ellos libres todo el día? ¿Quién era ese hombre? Este no es un libro muy interesante. Translate the following sentences into English: 1. Why is your friend in bed at this time? 6. 5. My friends will be here before 12. 9. Where will you be at this time tomorrow? 10. 12. When is the next general meeting? 9. 5. Ella será una excelente secretaria. When will you be on vacation again? 3. 9. Why were you absent from class last Friday? ___________________________________________ ___________________________________________ ___________________________________________ ___________________________________________ ___________________________________________ ___________________________________________ ___________________________________________ ___________________________________________ ___________________________________________ ___________________________________________ Ex. 8. 3. in English. 2. They will be here at ten-thirty. 5. etc. Ellos estarán muy ocupados mañana en la mañana. What time?. 2. They will be at home all day because the weather is not good.

S . A: My brother´s name is Ignacio.O .I .O .B .B .Y .C .P . /tóm wé:rks for ái bí: ém in él éi/ Ex. ¿Puede deletrear estas palabras? Yorkshire Mexico 22 Washington Quebec geography Chicago A short course in english for adult students Kalamazoo Venezuela Japan Shanghai whisky Tokyo .E .R .X . A: When did you buy your VCR? /mái bráδerz néim iz ignásio/ /wén did iú: bái io:r ví: sí: á. 1.O .C .r/ B: Can you spell that.Q .E .V . E .D .O . I bought it at the PX /kán iu: spél δæt plí:z/ /lá:st mánθ ái bó:t it at δe pí: éks/ A: I-G-N-A-C-I-O A: Was it very expensive? /ai dllí: én éi sí: ái óu/ /wóz it ekspénsiv/ B: Thank you B: No. 2.U . 2.Y . /mái la:st néim is váskes. δæts vi: éi és kiú i: zéd/ 3. Escuche.O .W .A 5.G . Tom works for IBM in LA.C . it only cost me eighty-five dollars /θæηkiu:/ /nóu it óunli kóst mi:éiti fáiv dólarz/ Ex. P .M .X .I .X .K . lea y aprenda: 1.W .X .N .Y .Q .V .C .E .X .L . Practique estos diálogos con algún amigo: 1.L .Z . that´s V-A-S-Q-U-E-Z.A -E 2.G .E .T .K .K . 4.Y .N .I .L .Z .B .N .PART II.R .H .F .I .T .H .O . My last name is Vasquez. How do you spell your first name? /háu diu: spél io:r fe:rst néim/ 2.I .F .B .G . 3.A .D . U .X .A .G . ¿Puede leer estas series de letras? 1.L .A .V -B 3.W .A .W .I .A Ex. please B: Last month.M .S .Q .Q .T .F 4.J . J .I .J . E . THE ENGLISH ALPHABET Vowels: A E I O U /éi/ /i:/ /ái/ /óu/ /iú/ B C D G P T V /bi:/ /si:/ /di:/ /dlli:/ /pi:/ /ti:/ /vi:/ Consonants: F L M N S X Z /ef/ /el/ /em/ /en/ /es/ /eks/ /zed/* J H K Y Q W R /dlléi/ /eitch/ /kei/ /uái/ /kiú/ /dábliu/ /a:r/ * En Inglés Americano la letra Z se pronuncia /zi:/ PRACTICE EXERCISES: Ex.U .U .

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I spell: J for Juliett.m. A as in Alfa.D. A for alfa and N for November: JUAN 2. The commander´s last name is CLARK. Estudie estas siglas (acronyms) de uso frecuente: USA B. FBI OK ITT a.C. A. 5.m. BBC UCLA VAT UFO NCO PTO p.Ex. U for uniform. My name is JUAN.D OBE ¿Puede agregar algunas otras siglas de uso frecuente? ________________ ________________ ________________ ________________ ________________ ________________ ________________ ________________ ________________ ________________ ________________ ________________ CEO UK UNO DEA MP FOB CIF ________________ ________________ ________________ ________________ THE PHONETIC ALPHABET This alphabet is used in radio / telephone communication to spell difficult words: as in A B C D E F G H I J K L M /az in/ as in as in as in as in as in as in as in as in as in as in as in as in as in como en for /fo:r/ para Alfa /álfa/ Bravo /brávou/ Charlie /tchá:rli/ Delta /délta/ Echo /ékou/ Foxtrot /fókstrot/ Golf /gólf/ Hotel /houtél/ India /índia/ Juliett /dlluliét/ Kilo /kílou/ Lima /líma/ Mike /máik/ N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z for for for for for for for for for for for for for November /nouvémber/ Oscar /óskar/ Papa /pápa/ Quebec /kuibék/ Romeo /rómiou/ Sierra /siéra/ Tango /táηgou/ Uniform /íunifo:rm/ Victor /víktor/ Whisky /wíski/ X-ray /éks réi/ Yankee /iáηki/ Zulu /zúlu/ Examples: 1. PLO USSR VCR NBT CO ADC EST ATM OAS IBM CIA IRA MIT APC DC COD GPS GMT MIA Ph. R as in Romeo and K as in Kilo: CLARK A short course in english for adult students 23 . I spell: C as in Charlie. L as in Lima.

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. Are the maps in the library? Ex... Ex. I am. It´s open.. Those children are not very good students.? 3. They aren´t happy. Ex. it´s not. 1. 1. 13. 2. Are the children in the playground? 9. She´s a secretary.. is 8. The reports weren´t ready yet. Ja: are Ji: am Ja: are Ji: am not . I´m not. 10. It isn´t clean.. I won´t be.were 3. Yes. John won´t be. 1.is . They´re updated. They´re British.? 6. / Was the weather. / Will the program be. will be in my office 6. Why will all the shops be closed tomorrow? 2.. will be very busy 5. / Will it be.. Who was that man? 12. she is. is 2. No.is 4... 9.. He´s at work. they´re not... 4. Clark.am (pause) is . / Was the secretary . Who´s that woman? Ex. / Will my friends be...is Ex. he´s not. Where are your friends now? 4. will be absent 3. The weather wasn´t . they are... Yes. / Were they... 1.? 4. I´m not.am 3.. 1. 4.. When will you be in that city again? A short course in english for adult students 25 . 5.is M: is P: is M: is P: isn´t .is Ja: am .? 4. Is .. 2.No..is 6.. / Were the men . Were . 2. How long will Mr Johnson be absent from work? Ex. No.. They weren´t.? Ex.am J: is 2. What´s this / that? 2. When will she be back in Chile? 8. we are-We´re ready to go.is J: is .was 7. 1.. Was .. 1. 5.. 3. It won´t be .. 8.. The secretary wasn´t.. They aren´t angry. 7.. Why was Liz in bed? 4. I´m a army officer. 3. 8.? 2..are 3. 6. She´ll be an excellent secretary 7.. 2... I´m not thirsty.are 5.was 4. Who was here this morning? 5.? 3. They´re hungry.are R: am .you are.. Is the computer connected to internet? 6.. he is. will be very cold 4. 1. He´s an engineer.....? 3. Is the course interesting? 4. Yes.? 6. When will you be free? 3. Yes..R: is J: is .? 6.are Ja: am B. He isn´t a doctor.. 5.Are J: am . Somebody was here yesterday afternoon / evening . Who´s that boy? 8... he´s not. 10.? 2..... When will Mary be in New York? 7. Are your friends from Canada? 5. Where are the cigarettes?. No..are Ex. Are . 9. Yes. How are the children? 10. What are these / those? 3.? 4. This isn´t a very interesting book. The program won´t be .. 2. Is the manager in his office? 2... Is the package light or heavy? 7. are 5. Where´s the cat? 6... 1. Are Peter and John in class? 3. they are. M: is P: is ... Yes.. Was . My friends won´t be.? 2. They´re young.. He isn´t at home.. 6. 8. are 4. Are the pictures clear? 8.is 2... Yes. No. It´s a modern plane. 6... they´re not.. At what time will they be here? 5. will be very nice. is 10. How old was Mr Clark when.. 3. I´m not an navy officer. Mary won´t be. / Was Hernry.. 1. 7. No. they´re not. No. Was .. The men weren´t ...? 5.? 5. / Will I be . 1. We weren´t here last week.. 6. Yes. 5. They´re sad. Ex. I´m in the office.. / Was Mary. When were the Smiths . They aren´t American. Henry wasn´t .are F: am . Where was Tom at. I´m hungry. Where are the books? 9. They were good friends at school.. 3. It´s dirty. He´s Mr.. / Will Mary be. will be in the same class 2. 9. Mr Jackson was in the office all day...? 5. (open answers) Ex..? Ex. Yes. How was George.? C. Where will the students be this afternoon? 4. they´re not... How are you? 5. it is.. No. I am. 1... Was . 14... 1. They´re in class. 2. I´m hungry. Mary wasn´t .. Yes.. What´s this / that? 7. How will the weather be this month? 6.KEY TO ANSWERS UNIT 1 Part 1 A. it is. will be at the meeting 7. 1. F: is . Ex. 4... 3. No.. are 6. 1. Ex. 1. Why will they be at home all day? 9. Ex. am 9... / Will John be . You´re a good instructor. They´ll be very busy tomorrow morning. is 7. Are the CD´s in the drawer? 10. They aren´t old.. 4. Who was in the car. When are they free all day? 11. 3.

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En las interrogaciones se debe usar la palabra ANY /éni/. PRESENT TENSE: THERE IS . /δéarz sam wóter in δe glá:s/ There are some trees in the garden /δéar á:r sam trí:z in δe gá:rdn/ There isn´t any water in the glass.THERE ARE Estas expresiones se usan para indicar la existencia de algo. /δear á:rent éni tchéarz in δe rúm/ There are no chairs in the room. En la forma negativa se puede usar NOT ANY /not éni/ o NO /nóu/. /δear á:r tén stiúdents in mai klæs/ (Hay 10 alumnos en mi curso) There are some chairs in the room /δear á:r sam tchéarz in δe rúm/ (Hay algunas sillas en la sala) La forma negativa se expresa con THERE IS NOT / THERE ISN´T /δear íznt/ o THERE ARE NOT / THERE AREN´T /δear á:rent/ There is not a book on the desk. se usa la contracción THERE´S /δéarz/. THERE TO BE (HABER. /δear á:rent éni trí:z in δe gá:rdn/ There ´s no water in the glass. Como ud. THERE IS /δear íz/ se usa con sustantivos singulares o incontables. EXISTIR) UNIT 2 A. ha advertido. / δéar íznt e ká:r in δe ká:r pa:rk/ There isn´t any water in the glass. /δear á:rent tén stiúdents in mai klæs/ There aren´t any chairs in the room. /δear íznt éni wóter in δe glá:s/ There aren´t any trees in the garden. /a:r δear éni trí:z in δe gá:rdn/ A short course in english for adult students 27 . There aren´t any (chairs). /δéarz sam wóter in δe glæs/ (Hay agua en el vaso) There are 10 students in my class. /δéar íznt éni wóter in δe glæs/ There´s no water in the glass /δéarz nóu wóter in δe glæs/ There are not 10 students in my class. There is a book on the desk /δear íz e búk on δe désk/ (Hay un libro sobre el escritorio) There´s a car in the car park. la palabra SOME /sám/ (algo. /δear á:r nóu trí:z in δe gá:rdn/ Is there any water in the glass? /iz δearz éni wóter in δe glá:s/ Are there any trees in the garden? . There are three (windows). There are no chairs.PART I. /δéarz e ká:r in δe ká:r pa:rk/ (Hay un auto en el estacionamiento) There´s some water in the glass. Normalmente. There´s only one (door). There´s no water. Is there a book on the desk? /íz δer e búk on δe désk/ Is there a car in the car park? /íz δer e ká:r in δe ká:r pa:rk/ Is there any water in the glass? /íz δér éni wóter in δe glæs/ Are there 10 students in the class? /á:r δer tén stiúdents in mai klæs/ Are there any chairs in the room? /á:r δer éni tchéarz in δe rúm/ Hay dos palabras interrogativas estrechamente relacionadas con There is y There are: HOW MUCH? (¿Cuánto? ¿Cuánta?) y HOW MANY? /háu méni/ (¿Cuántos? ¿Cuántas?) How much whisky is there in the glass? How much ice is there in the glass? How much water is there? How many doors are there in this room? How many windows are there? How many chairs are there? /háu match/ There´s very little (whisky). /δear a:r nóu tchéarz in δe rúm/ La forma interrogativa se hace mediante simple inversión del verbo con la palabra THERE. en el singular. There´s a lot (of ice). Estudie la siguiente tabla: Affirmative SOME Negative NOT ANY NO Interrogative ANY? There´s some water in the glass. /δéarz nóu wóter in δe glá:s/ There are no trees in the garden. THERE ARE /δear á:r/ se usa con sustantivos plurales. algunos / as) solamente se usa en forma afirmativa. en castellano. /δear iz nót e búk on δe désk/ There isn´t a car in the car park. /δear a:r nót tén stiúdents in mai klæs/ There aren´t 10 students in my class. There isn´t any (water). Son equivalentes a la expresión HAY.

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4. There are flowers in the garden. SEVERAL /séverl/ varios/as. There are no flowers in the garden Finalmente. /δear a:r e lót ov tchéarz in rú:m/ Hay bastantes sillas en la sala. /δéar á:rent méni buks on δe shélf/ Interrogative much? many? Is there much sugar in the bowl? /iz δéar mutch shúgar in δe bóul/ Are there many books on the shelf? /á:r δéar méni buks on δe shélf/ El artículo indefinido A/AN (un.una) no tiene una forma para el plural. según sea el caso Affirmative a lot of There´s a lot of sugar in the bowl /δéarz e lót ov shúgar in δe bóul/ There are a lot of books on the shelf. estudie la siguiente tabla There is some a lot of much a little very little no/not any milk in this bottle There are some several many a lot of a few very few no/not any flowers in the garden. por lo tanto se omite. /δéarz e lót ov áis in mai glá:s/ Hay bastante hielo en mi vaso There are very few desks in the room. There are trees in the garden There are some trees in the garden There are several trees in the garden. EXERCISES Ex. 28 _______________________ _______________________ _______________________ _______________________ A short course in english for adult students some books on the shelf. There is a tree in the garden. /δear a:r véri fiú: desks in δe rú:m/ Hay muy pocos escritorios en la sala There are a lot of chairs in the room. 3. only one student in the lab now. . La expresión a lot of normalmente se usa en oraciones afirmativas. /δéar íznt mutch shúgar in δe bóul/ There aren´t many books on the shelf. Normalmente el artículo A/AN se reemplaza por las palabras SOME /sam/ algunos/as.Note el uso de LITTLE /lítl/ (poco/a). There are many trees in the garden. very few people at the conference. 2. /δéar á:r e lót ov buks on δe shélf/ Negative not much not many There isn´t much sugar in the bowl. very little money left in the box. En las oraciones negativas e interrogativas se prefiere usar las palabras much o many. Cuando THERE IS/THERE ARE van seguidas directamente por un sustantivo. MANY /méni/ muchos/as. There´s no water in that bottle. Complete the sentences using THERE IS or THERE ARE: 1. en las negaciones generalmente se usa la palabra NO /nóu/ There´s water in that bottle. 1. FEW /fiú:/ (pocos/as) y A LOT OF /e lót ov/ (bastante/bastantes) There´s very little water in the glass /δéarz véri lítl wóter in δe glá:s/ Hay muy poca agua en el vaso There´s a lot of ice in my glass.

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___________________ 2. 6. a lot of work.: (How many) 1. 2. ___________________ 5. 3. Change the following statements into the negative form. several helicopters in the airfield. ___________________ 8. There´s some more coffee in the cup. There´s some more money in my pocket. There are some extra chairs in the room. There are a lot of people in the room. two. There´s a telephone in the room. There´s a train for Paris in the morning.. just one. Use HOW MUCH.. 10. There´s a hotel near the Training Center.. 7.. 9. of noise in this room. There´s central heating in the room. Change the following sentences into the interrogative form.. 6. ___________________ 4.5. 10. 2. There are more than 10 students. FEW. no more cassettes in the box. _______________________ _______________________ _______________________ _______________________ _______________________ _______________________ no more milk in the jug. 5. Ex. There are 30 days in February. ___________________ dictionaries (are there)? money ______________ ? doors ________________ in the lab? milk _________________ in the jug? video tapes ___________ ? work _________________ today? people _______________ in the room?. There are 24 hours in a day. 3. 1. There’s a lot of fruit in the basket. 8. There are very ______________________________ There´s ____________________________________ There´s very ________________________________ There´s ____________________________________ books in the school library. milk left in the bottle. sir. ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ 4. Use LITTLE. very few. butter ________________ in the dish? secretaries____________ here? women ______________ in that group? men _________________ in the crew? (There are) 8..... 1. 5. ___________________ 10.IS THERE? Or HOW MANY. 6. 3. ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ Ex. 7. no time left. A short course in english for adult students 29 . A LOT in the blank spaces. and THERE’S or THERE ARE in the Answers . 1. There is another chair in that room There are some more books. Ex. ___________________ 7. 2. There´s some more meat in the fridge. 7. ___________________ 3. 4. four men. ________________ ________________ ________________ ________________ ________________ ________________ ________________ ________________ ________________ ________________ very little. ___________________ 9... some letters for you on the desk. 9. There are some more clean glasses. a lot. 8. ice in my glass. 2. ARE THERE? in the questions. just a little. no milk in it. 5.. 4.. 9. There are more women than men. There are some students absent today. Ex. Ej. 10. 3. 8. Complete the following questions and answers. There are a lot of students absent. five or six. 4. a lot of mistakes in your composition. There´s a lot of free time in the mornings.. ___________________ 6.

lea y aprenda There was a lot of noise in the room /δear was e lot ov nóis in δe rú:m/ Había bastante ruido en la sala. How much free time was there during the Basic Training Period? (very little. Are there many errors in the bill? There´s very little whisky left. Change into the Past Tense: 1. 8.5. Was there enough bread for all the people? (yes. of sugar in my coffee. Was there a TV in the room? / woz δear e tÍ: ví: in δe rú:m / ¿Había un televisor en la habitación? How many people were there at the party? / háu meni pí:pl we:r δear atδe pá:rti / (¿Cuánta gente había en la fiesta?). 6. 1. /δear we:r méni pí:pl æbsent/ Había muchas personas ausentes. 9. students absent from class today. using the information given in parenthesis: 1. more than enough) _________________________________________________________________________ 5. of course) _________________________________________________________________________ 4. 2. 7. 10. Were there many people at the meeting last Monday? (No. 2. 4. 5. 10. /δear wóznt éni bíar in δe kæn/ No había nada de cerveza en la lata. 7. whisky left in the bottle. B. There were many people absent. Were there many cars in the street at that time? ( Yes. There wasn´t any beer in the can. 6. How many students were there in the laboratory? ( not any) _________________________________________________________________________ 6. 9. Is there enough money for the trip? How many people are there on board? There isn´t much time to talk. Answer these questions. There are very few people in the pub. PAST TENSE: THERE WAS . Normalmente se usan las contracciones THERE WASN´T /δear wózent/ THERE WEREN´T /δear wé:rent/.THERE WERE El pasado de THERE IS/THERE ARE se expresa usando THERE WAS /δear wóz/ / THERE WERE /δear we:r/ La negación se expresa usando la palabra NOT después de WAS y WERE. 3. There are __________________________________ There are only a ____________________________ There are __________________________________ There´s ____________________________________ There are __________________________________ There´s just a ______________________________ of trees in that park. lots of cars) _________________________________________________________________________ 30 A short course in english for adult students . There´s a lot of work in the office today. How many days were there in February that year? (29. EXERCISES: Ex. tickets available. Escuche. La interrogación se expresa invirtiendo el orden de las palabras WAS y WERE con la palabra THERE. it was a leap year) _________________________________________________________________________ 7. _________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________ Ex. /δear wé:rnt méni buks on δe désk/ No había muchos libros sobre el escritorio. There weren´t many books on the desk. How many students were there in this class last year? (about 20) _________________________________________________________________________ 2. There are two books missing from the shelf. of errors in my bill. How much milk is there in the fridge? There aren´t many hotels in this town. not more than 30) _________________________________________________________________________ 3. 8. It´s too sweet.

8. 6. normalmente formando la contracción WON´T /wóunt/ En las preguntas. several trees in the park now. En la conversación diaria WILL se une con la palabra THERE. 1. Past or Future). 1.1. 5. /δear wil not bí: e gud próugram on tí: ví: tunáit/. 2. Escuche. not any more exercises in the book now. ______________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________ A short course in english for adult students 31 . Habrá un muy buen programa en la TV esta noche. 7. 4. 5. next time? very little food in the fridge now. 3. 7. There will be two more tests next week. 9. 3. 3. There is a lot of free time in the evening. very few flowers in our garden. Habrá algo más de lluvia el próximo fin de semana La forma negativa se expresa usando la palabra NOT después del verbo modal WILL. 2. There´ll be some more rain next weekend. There will not be another meeting this evening. eni mó:r réin nekst wi:kend/ How many tests will there be next week? /háu méni tésts wil δear bí: nekst wí:k/ EXERCISES: Ex. formando la contracción THERE´LL BE /δearl bí:/. in your class last year? much milk left. 4. 3. Change into the future tense. 5. Translate the previous sentences into Spanish. lea y aprenda: There will not be a good program on TV tonight. lea y aprenda: There will be a very good program on TV tonight /δear wil bí: e veri gud próugram on tí: ví: tunaít/. Habrá dos pruebas más la próxima semana. Escuche. Habrá otra reunión esta tarde. FUTURE TENSE: THERE WILL BE El futuro de THERE IS/THERE ARE se expresa con la forma THERE WILL BE /δear wil bí:/. Just one or two bottles. There´ll be another meeting this evening. There are some women at the meeting. /δearl bí: sám mó:r réin nékst wikénd/. 10. 4.C. 6. /δear wil bí: tú: mó:r tésts nekst wí:k/ . 1. Use the right tense of There To Be (Present. How many people are there at the reception? How much money is there in the box? Is there any more work? Are there more than ten students in your class? ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ Ex. How many women ____________________________ ____________________________________________ ____________________________________________ How much free time __________________________ ____________________________________________ ____________________________________________ ____________________________________________ ____________________________________________ How many students ___________________________ ____________________________________________ at the party last Saturday? a lot of noise in this room now. /δear wil not bí: anáδer mí:tiη δis í:vniη/ There won´t be two more tests next week. /δearl bí: anáδer mí:tiη δis í:vniη/ . Ex. el verbo modal WILL precede a la palabra THERE. 2. /δear wóunt bí: tú: mó:r tests nekst wí:k/ Will there be a good program on TV this evening? /wil δear bí: a gud próugram on tí: ví: δis í:vnin/ Will there be any more rain next weekend? /wil δear bí. a lot of noise at the disco last night. There isn´t any food left in the fridge. 2.

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______________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________ Ex. 4. 11. 12.6. How much money is there in your wallet? 10. 2. 1. 9. 8. Translate the following sentences into English 1. __________________________________________ Yes. __________________________________________ No. Había solamente dos hoteles en ese pueblo. 7. 4. ¿Hay un restaurant cerca de aquí? ¿Cuánto dinero hay en la billetera? No había mucha gente en el edificio a esa hora. Hay mucho ruido en esta sala ahora. 5. 7. __________________________________________ No.. 2. 5. 32 Habrá otra reunión general el próximo viernes. How many days are there in a week? How many days will there be in February next year? How many students were there in your class last year? How many computers are there in your office? How many people were there in the room at 8:30? Will there be another meeting this week? Was there much work to do in the office last Monday? Are there any spelling mistakes in the letter? 9. 8. 3. 4. 6. 9. 6. How many eggs are there in a dozen? ______________________________________________ ______________________________________________ ______________________________________________ ______________________________________________ ______________________________________________ No. No hay tiempo para conversar. ___________________________________________ ______________________________________________ ______________________________________________ Ex. 7. No habrá otro concierto hasta la próxima semana. 3. No habrá muchos partidos de fútbol este fin de semana. 10. 10. Answer these questions in English. 5. ¿Cuánto s autos había en el estacionamiento esa tarde? Había muy pocos niños en la calle ese día. Había muy poco tiempo libre durante la mañana. 8. A short course in english for adult students ______________________________________________ ______________________________________________ ______________________________________________ ______________________________________________ ______________________________________________ ______________________________________________ ______________________________________________ ______________________________________________ ______________________________________________ ______________________________________________ ______________________________________________ ______________________________________________ .

There were thousands of / lots of people in the stadium.45 km. 5.875 g) 148 n) 5. 3. Ej.. etc siempre van seguidas de un guión antes del número unitario. million y billion no se pluralizan en inglés.PART II. lea y aprenda: 1 one /uán/ 6 six /siks/ 2 two /tu:/ 7 seven /sévn/ 3 three /δri:/ 8 eight /éit/ 4 four /fo:r/ 9 nine /náin/ 5 five /fáiv/ 10 ten /ten/ 11 eleven /ilévn/ 16 sixteen /sikstín/ 12 twelve /tuélv/ 17 seventeen /sevntín/ 13 thirteen /δertín/ 18 eighteen /eitín/ 14 fourteen /fo:rtín/ 19 nineteen /naintín/ 15 fifteen /fiftín/ 20 twenty /tuénti/ 70 seventy /sévnti/ 30 thirty /δérti/ 80 eighty /éiti/ 40 forty /fórti/ 90 ninety /náinti/ 50 fifty /fífti/ 60 sixty /síksti/ 100 one hundred /uán hándred/ 1. 365 three hundred and sixty-five. There are hundreds of / lots of trees in the park.000 two hundred thousand /tú: hándred θáuzand/ 200 two hundred /tú hándred/ 2. two hundred and sixty-five. Ej.000 two thousand /tú θáuzand/ 2. 21. million y billion no van seguidas de and.365.973 f) 28 m) 256. three hundred and eighty-seven. thirty.971 forty five thousand nine hundred and seventy-one /fórti fáiv θáuzand nain hándred and séventi uán/ Importante: 1. Al escribir cifras en inglés. 94 ninety-four. 68 sixty-eight. 2.285 d) 94 k) 6. 12.328 _____________________________________________ b) ________________________________________________ _____________________________________________ d) ________________________________________________ _____________________________________________ f) ________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________________________________ A short course in english for adult students 33 .687.” Ej. 5. Ej. thousand y million se pluralizan solamente en las siguientes expresiones.000. 463. thousand. La palabra hundred siempre va seguida de and. Las palabras twenty.000 two million /tú mílion/ 5.000.5% .394 e) 33 l) 24. 400 four hundred. 45 fortyfive. NUMBERS Escuche. twenty-one. There are millions of / lots of stars in our galaxy 5.80 Ex. el punto es coma y la coma es punto.. las palabras thousand. forty.000 three million.265 four hundred and sixty-three thousand.387 five thousand. Ej. 70. 32 thirty-two. Las palabras hundred. US$ 4. para indicar lo mismo que “lots of. 1 Read and then write these numbers a) 12 h) 597 a) c) e) g) h) i) j) k) l) m) n) b) 56 i) 846 c) 79 j) 1. Las palabras hundred. 3.000 one thousand /uán θáuzand/ 200.362 five thousand three hundred and sixty-two /faiv θáuzand θri: hándred and síksti tú:/ 45. 4.000 five thousand.

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dædi/ mom. mámi/ grandpa /grænpa:/ granny /græni/ father-in. mami abuelito abuelita suegro suegra yerno nuera cuñado cuñada padrastro madrastra hijastro hijastra hermanastro hermanastra padre adoptivo madre adoptiva padrino madrina . mommy /mam.papi mamá. daddy /dæd. niños FAMILY AND RELATIVES grandparents /grandpéarents/ grandfather /grandfa:δer/ grandmother /grandmáδer/ grandchildren /grandtchildren/ grandson /grándsan/ granddaughter /grand dó:ter/ parents /péarents/ husband /házband/ wife /waif/ father /fá:δer/ mother /máδer/ children /tchíldren/ son /sán/ daughter /dó:ter/ brother /bráδer/ sister /síster/ uncle /áηkl/ aunt /a:nt/ nephew /néfiu/ niece /ni:s/ cousin /kázin/ 34 A short course in english for adult students papá. mujer padre madre hijos. personas niño/s.BASIC VOCABULARY: Study these words PEOPLE GENERAL person /pε:rsn/ people /pí:pl/ child /children /tcháild/tchildrn/ boy /boi/ girl /gε:rl/ persona gente.law /fá:δer in ló:/ mother-in-law /maδer in ló:/ son-in-law /san in ló:/ daughter-in-law /dó:ter in ló:/ brother-in-law /bráδer in ló:/ sister-in-law /síster in ló:/ step-father /step fá:δer/ step-mother /step máδer/ step-son /step san/ step-daughter /step dó:ter/ step-brother /step bráδer/ step-sister /step síster/ foster-father /fóster fá:δer/ foster-mother /fóster máδer/ god-father /god fá:δer/ god-mother /god máδer/ hombre/s mujer/es caballero dama chicos. marido esposa. niños hijo hija hermano hermana tío tía sobrino sobrina primo dad. pequeño/s niño niña man/men /mæn/men/ woman/women /wuman/wímen/ gentleman /dlléntlman/ lady /léidi/ kids /kidz/ abuelos abuelo abuela nietos nieto nieta padres esposo.

. How many. There´s a lot of noise in this room now.. are there. a lot 6.. Are there more. 1. a lot 9. Ex... How many.? 8. is there. Ex. 1. there were lots of cars. is there. There isn´t any more. 7. Is there another.. 9... 3.. Yes. No hay mucha leche sobrante.. 6... There are 5.. few 2. 1.. Will there be 5.. 9. There are 7... 4..? Ex.... is there. There were about 20 . 2. Will there be more than.KEY TO ANSWERS UNIT 2 Part I A..? There are..There are 10.. There´s 6. There was.... 1.people. are there.. How many cars were there in the car park that afternoon / evening? 10. 9.... 8.. 3.. ¿Cuánto tiempo libre habrá la próxima vez? 5.? 10. 8.. there are no spelling mistakes. ¿Cuántas mujeres había en la fiesta el sábado pasado? 2.... 1. 4. There were 29.. 3. There weren´t.. there weren´t more than 30 3. 2. How much... There´s no central. There was very little free time during the morning.. There isn´t much money in it. few 8. Were there 2. Are there any more. No. There are 9.. 6. There were only two hotels in that town. 4.. There isn´t much. of course. There are seven days.. 5. 5..There aren´t any extra. There aren´t many.? 7. 6. 8. There are 7..? There´s... little B.. students.... 4..? There´s... 12. There were.? There are. 1. There isn´t a. There´ll be 28 days... There was very little..... 4. There weren´t any 6. 2. There is 4. There was 8. / There´s no more.. There wasn´t.. 9. A short course in english for adult students 35 . 1... ¿Cuántos alumnos había en tu curso el año pasado? 10. There is no time to talk. There are 2... There won´t be another concert until next week. How much.. Will there be any. How many. There won´t be any... Ex... 1.. 4....? Ex. Are there 24.? There are. Is there any more. / There are no more. Is there much free. 3..? 4. Is there a hotel. 7. There is 3.? Thre are.... There weren´t many people in the building at that time. few 7. 3. / No. There will be another general meeting next Friday.? There´s. a lot 10.. little 4.? 7.... 2. There are 9.. There were very few children in the street that day. 3. Was there enough. 8.. C. are there.. 5. How many people will there be..Hay bastante ruido en esta sala ahora.? 9. 2.? 5. There are twelve eggs..? 3.. 1. How many.. 3. is there? There´s. are there.. Is there a train.? 4.. 10. 2. 4.? 5. There´s 3...? 6. How many. How much. How much. Ex. 7.were there 10. 5. 2. There were. / There´s no more...... there was a lot of work...? 7. There´s just one / There are. There were.? 2. There are 4.. little 3. There will be a lot. Yes. / There are no extra. It was a leap year. Were there. 1. There aren´t any more.? 6.. No.. 10. a lot 5. There won´t be many football games / matches this week end.. Había bastante ruido en la discoteca anoche 8. How many. Ex. Are there any students..Is there a restaurant near here. Hay muy pocas flores en nuestro jardín 9. 3.... Sólo una o dos botellas. 11.. 1. There isn´t any more. 3. 10.. Ex. 4. There is 8. 2...? There´s.... 5. There isn´t Ex. 2.? 6... How many people were there. How much money is there in the wallet? 5. Hay muy poca comida en el refrigerador ahora 6... 6.. are there.. There was. There aren´t many. 9. Ex. There is 6. There will be some.. there won´t be another meeting 7. 1... There aren´t 30... there aren´t any. 7. Are there more than.. are there? There are. computers. How much money will there be... 5... There were. 2.. there was more than enough. No hay más ejercicios en el libro ahora 7. 8.. Hay varios árboles en el parque ahora 4. Yes. There are Ex.. No...... 1. 1.. How much milk was there.. 5. 1.? 10. Ex.

three hundred and ninety-four l) twenty-four thousand. a) twelve b) fifty-six c) seventy-nine d) ninety-four e) thirty-three f) twenty-eight g) one hundred and forty-eight h) five hundred and ninety-seven i) eight hundred and forty-six j) one thousand. 1. six hundred and eighty-seven thousand. two hundred and eighty-five k) six thousand. eight hundred and seventy-five n) five million. 36 A short course in english for adult students . three hundred and twenty-eight. nine hundred and seventy-three m) two hundred and fifty-six thousand.Part II. Ex.

Yes.r/ Peter has not got many friends../ They´ve got a big house...1 Complete the following sentences using HAVE GOT or HAS GOT 1./ La forma interrogativa se hace por simple inversión del sujeto y HAVE o HAS: Escuche.. I´ve got very little (money). /pí:terz gót. he´s got a lot.. I´ve only got 5 dollars. /pí:ter haz not gót. But they´ve got a radio. /ai hávent gót. /pí:ter haz gót méni fréndz/ (Peter tiene muchos amigos) They have got a big house.. /ai hav gót e ká:r/ I´ve got a car /aiv gót e ká:r/ (Yo tengo un auto) Peter has got many friends./ My dog has not got long ears./ Has Peter got many friends? /haz pí:ter gót./ Has the dog got long ears? /haz δe dóg gót. /δei hávent got. /mai dóg haz gót loδ íarz/ (Mi perro tiene orejas largas) The rooms have got central heating./ My dog hasn´t got long ears. He´s got one sister and two brothers. lea y aprenda: I have got a car.. tienen) (ellos tienen) Escuche./ The rooms have not got central heating. /mai dóg házent gót./ Have the rooms got a TV? /hav δe ru:mz got.UNIT 3 PART I../ I haven´t got a car. Normalmente se usan las contracciones HAVEN´T GOT /hδvent gót/ y HASN´T GOT /hδzent gt/ Escuche. lea y aprenda: I have not got a car. tenemos) (uds. /ai hav not gót../ My dog´s got long ears.... /δe rú:mz hávent gót..... En el Presente Afirmativo se conjuga de la siguiente manera: I have got /ai hav gót/ You have got /iú: hav gót/ He has got /hi: haz gót/ She has got /shi: haz gót/ It has got /it haz gót/ We have got /wi: hav gót/ You have got /iú: hav gót/ They have got /δéi hav gót/ I´ve got /aiv gót/ You´ve got /iu:v got/ He´s got /hi:z gót/ She´s got /shi:z gót/ It´s got /its gót/ We´ve got /wi:v gót/ You´ve got /iú:v gót / They´ve got /δéiv gót/ (yo tengo) (tú tienes) (él tiene) (ella tiene) (él / ella tiene) (nos../ En la forma negativa se usa HAVE NO GOT y HAS NOT GOT./ Have they got a big house? /hav δei gót.. They´ve got a small one..... es decir. I haven´t got one ( one = a car) Yes. /δe rú:mz hav not gót ./ They haven´t got a big house.. /δeiv gót. /δe rú:mz hav gót séntrl hí:tiδ/ (Las habitaciones tienen calefacción central) Peter´s got many friends. /δei hav gót e bíg háus/ (Ellos tienen una casa grande) My dog has got long ears. HAVE GOT = TENER Esta expresión verbal se usa especialmente en inglés británico ( y solamente en el tiempo presente) para indicar posesión o propiedad... /mai dógz gót. it has./ Peter hasn´t got many friends. significa TENER. EXERCISES: Ex.... (ones = ears) No. John _____________________________ a new uniform. they haven´t got one. (of friends) No. /pí:ter házent gót.../ The rooms haven´t got central heating. Hans ____________________________ long black hair ./ How much money have you got? How many brothers and sisters has Bob got? No.. lea y aprenda: Have you got a car? /hav iú gót. A short course in english for adult students 37 . /mai dóg haz not gót... 2. they haven´t. /δei hav not gót... It´s got very long ones./ They have not got a big house..

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___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ Ex. The boy has got black shoes. 5. 4. I´ve got some cigarettes. They ´ve got very little free time. 4. 8. Bob´s got our address. 3. 6.3. 4. 5. She´s got blue eyes and black hair. The students have got some experience. They´ve got two cars. Have you got a big library at home? 9. 2. Bob´s got five dollars. 8. Bob´s got a big family. a small house in the country. a new blue dress. The house has got a garden. ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ Ex. The students have got a new instructor.. 7. Nancy´s got a computer. a lot of money. 3. 10. They´ve got our telephone number. 10. 7. 8. They´ve got a lot of friends there. My friends have got a telephone. Have you got a computer at home? 38 A short course in english for adult students ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ . Have you got a dog or a cat? 6. Bob´s got some money. 7. 5. a son and two daughters.? / HOW MANY. 10.. 6. I´ve got three children. My father´s got a modern car. 6. Has your parents´ house got a garden? 5. ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ Ex.. 2. 5. How many rooms has your house got? 8. 200 pages. 4 Ask questions with HOW MUCH. They´ve got a big family. Ex. How much money have you got in your pockets? 2. 4. You´ve got your passport here. Bob´s sister has got a car. You´ve got a lighter. three children. 3. 6. We´ve got a small classroom. Have you got any friends in Europe? 7.. The flat has got two bathrooms. You´ve got many things to do today. 2 Change into the negative form 1. Have you got any brothers or sisters? 10. four wheels. 2. How many children have you got? 3. A car has got four wheels . We´ve got 2 bottles of milk. Has your wife / husband got a car? 4. 9. two bedrooms. 9. 7. 3 Change into the interrogative form: 1. The soldiers ______________________ We ______________________________ The book _________________________ I ________________________________ Mary _____________________________ My friends ________________________ My flat ___________________________ The car __________________________ a very good instructor.? 1. 5 Answer these questions: 1. 9.

son invariables. todos los sustantivos actúan como adjetivos cuando preceden a otro sustantivo. EL ARTÍCULO DEFINIDO THE (el. pero también se pronuncia como una semiconsonante en palabras como uniform /iúnifo:rm/. Compare: Show me a photograph (Muéstrame una fotografía) (cualquiera fotografía) Show me the photograph (Muéstrame la fotografía) (una fotografía específica) A short course in english for adult students 39 . The men are very tall. las) se usa para referirse a objetos específicos. es decir la misma palabra se usa en el singular. Compare: This is an orange. Ej. Mary is a beautiful woman This is an interesting book That is a big car Además. la los. There is a tree in the garden There are trees in the garden There are some trees in the garden There are several trees in the garden There are many trees in the garden 2. Se usa tanto con sustantivos singulares como con plurales. La letra u se considera vocal en palabras como umbrella /ambréla/. /δis iz a wán wei tíkit/ (Este es un boleto de ida). los adjetivos siempre preceden a los sustantivos: Tom is a tall man. Ej. Hay palabras que comienzan con una letra o pronunciada como /w/. The women are very tall. He is an honest man. /δéarz a ká:r in δe strí:t/ (Hay un auto en la calle). An apple A dollar An exercise A hotel An apple tree A one-dollar bill One exercise book A hotel manager Three apple trees A five-dollar bill Ten exercise books Two hotel managers B. El articulo indefinido a/an no tiene plural. el adjetivo tall /to:l/ se podría traducir como alto. altas. There is a book on the desk. Ejemplo. The man is very tall. That´s an animal /δæts an æ´nimal/ (Ese es un animal). /δis iz an órindll/ (Esta es una naranja). These are houses. This is an apple. That´s an orange.PART II. una) se usa para referirse a un artículo cualquiera. Those are animals /δóuz a:r æ´nimalz/ (Esos son animales). /δæts an órindll/ (Esa es una naranja). en cuyo caso se trata como semi-consonante. This is a house /δis iz a háus/ (Esta es una casa). masculino o femenino. Por lo tanto. determinados. ARTICLES (I) 1. EL ARTÍCULO INDEFINIDO A (un. A. Ej. ADJECTIVES En inglés. altos. The books are old. Además. There´s a car in the street. plural. /hí: iz an ónest mæn/ (El es un hombre honrado). There are several books on the desk. This is a book. This is a one-way ticket. The book is old. Debido a que a / an no tiene una forma para el plural. This is an old car /δis iz an óuld ká:r/ (Este es un auto viejo). no específico. The woman is very tall. That is a tree /δæt iz a trí:/ (Ese es un árbol). Ej. /δi:z a:r háusiz/ (Estas son casas). That´s a girl. El artículo A se transforma en AN antes de una palabra iniciada con un sonido vocal o una h “muda”. several /séveral/ (varios/as) o many /méni/ (muchos/as). /δis iz a búk/ (Este es un libro). en su lugar se usan normalmente palabras como some /sam/ (algunos/as). alta. Those are trees /δóuz a:r trí:z/ (Esos son árboles). En estos casos no deben pluralizarse (porque los adjetivos nunca se pluralizan!!). /δæts a gé:rl/ (Esa es una niña). /δis iz an æ´pl/ (Esta es una manzana). Por lo tanto se deber decir: This is an umbrella /δis iz an ambréla/ (Este es un paraguas) y This is a uniform /δis iz a iúnifo:rm/ (Este es un uniforme).

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13. 29. 25. 4. 20. That is a picture This is a car. 27. There´s a woman in the office. ________ ________ ________ ________ ________ ________ ________ ________ ________ ________ ________ ________ ________ ________ ________ ________ car used car modern car young woman old woman one-dollar bill five-dollar bill hotel instrument musical instrument answer question impertinent question usual question unusual question hard lesson Ex. 5. 7. 8. 14. 4. 3. 12. I´ve got a friend in San Francisco. 11. 10. 40 There´s a tree in the garden. use some. 31. 1. There is a letter for you. 15. ________ pencil ________ apple ________ egg ________ envelope ________ umbrella ________ hour ________ honor ________ house ________ banana ________ big banana ________ exercise ________ easy exercise ________ difficult exercise ________ university ________ old university ________ new university 17. 28. 5. 26.Exe. 9. 12. 19. 10. 11. 3. 9. 6. 2. There is a student in the laboratory now. 14. Peter´s got a new pen. A short course in english for adult students ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ . 9. Use the indefinite articles a or an 1. Mr. There was a car accident last Sunday. 13. There is a new student in this class. 13. They´ve got a horse on the farm. Please show me a photograph. 2. 30. 6. 8. 21. Is that an apple tree or a pear tree? I haven´t got a cigarette. 5. ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ Ex. 8. many or several 1. They´ve got an interesting book in the library The boy´s got a book in English. 16. 10. Is that woman a nurse? Is that man an engineer? There´s a yellow flower in the garden. 7. 2. 7. 2. This boy isn´t a new student. 15. 12. 24. Change the following sentences into the plural. 3. There will be an interesting program tonight I´ve got a question for you. I´ve got a coin in my pocket. 22. Change these sentences into the plural. 23. This is an interesting novel. Smith. I´ve got a magazine on my desk. 14. The student has got a new notebook. 3. 11. 1. 32. There´s a text book on the teacher´s desk. 18. 4. 6. Is this an envelope? That man isn´t a teacher.

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It´s ten past three 4.m. H. después de las 21:00) 12:00 05:00 a. escuche y aprenda: o´clock /oklók/ 01:00 07:15 06:30 09:45 quarter past /kuórter pá:st/ half past /ha:f pá:st/ It´s one o´clock It´s quarter past seven It´s half past six It´s quarter to ten past /pá:st/ 05:00 10:15 12:30 03:45 to /tu:/ quarter to /kuórter tú:/ It´s five o´clock It´s quarter past ten It´s half past twelve It´s quarter to four minutes past /mínits pá:st/ minutes to /mínits tu:/ Nota: La palabra “minutes” generalmente se omite después de 5 o múltipos de 5. 12:20 08:30 09:45 02:15 07:05 08:55 03:10 04:50 04:00 12:40 06:25 10:35 A B 1.m. de 13:00 . It´s a quarter to ten 11.m. It´s twenty-five past six 12. It´s twenty-five to eleven 7. I.m. TELLING THE TIME (Diciendo la hora) What time is it. G. /pí: ém/ in the morning /in δe mó:rniη/ (en la mañana.m. K. de18:00 . It´s twenty to one 2. 05:10 02:40 It´s ten (minutes) past five It´s twenty (minutes) to three 11:25 09:55 01:27 07:38 It´s twenty-seven minutes past one It´s twenty-two minutes to eight.21:00) at night /at náit/ (en la noche.17:00) in the evening /in δi í:vniη/ (en la tarde / noche. It´s four o´clock C D E F G H I J K L A short course in english for adult students 41 .m.m. D.m. It´s five past seven 8. 07:00 p. It´s twenty-five (minutes) past eleven It´s five (minutes) to ten midday /míddei/ mediodía noon /nu:n/ mediodía midnight /mídnait/ medianoche a. 10:00 p. L. /ei. It´s ten to five 6. /éi ém/ p. /pii em/ 24:00 It´s midnight It´s five o´clock in the morning It´s four o´clock in the afternoon It´s seven o´clock in the evening It´s ten o´clock at night EXERCISES Ex. /pii em/ It´s seven o´clock p. It´s twenty past twelve 10.m. Match the times in Column A with the sentences is Column B A. J. 1. /pii em/ It´s ten o´clock p. please? /wóts δe táim plí:z/ ¿Cuál es la hora por favor? It´s ten to eight /its tén tu éit/ Son diez para las ocho Lea. E. C. please? /wót táim iz it plí:z/ ¿Qué hora es por favor? What´s the time. em/ It´s four o´clock p. It´s a quarter past two 3. F. 04:00 p.PART III. It´s midday / It´s noon It´s five o´clock a. hasta las 12:00) in the afternoon /in δi a:fternú:n/ (en la tarde. B. It´s five to nine 5. It´s half past eight 9.m.

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42 09:00 It´s ________________________________________________________________________________ 08:50 ___________________________________________________________________________________ 03:30 ___________________________________________________________________________________ 11:45 ___________________________________________________________________________________ 01:15 ___________________________________________________________________________________ 09:05 ___________________________________________________________________________________ 10:14 ___________________________________________________________________________________ 24:00 ___________________________________________________________________________________ 02:57 ___________________________________________________________________________________ 08:00 a. Write down the times and read: What time is it? What´s the time? 1. 2. 24. 20. 17. ___________________________________________________________________________________ 03:25 ___________________________________________________________________________________ 12:00 ___________________________________________________________________________________ 03:20 ___________________________________________________________________________________ 10:05 ___________________________________________________________________________________ 01:45 ___________________________________________________________________________________ 11:30 ___________________________________________________________________________________ 05:25 ___________________________________________________________________________________ 08:15 ___________________________________________________________________________________ 04:35 ___________________________________________________________________________________ 01:38 ___________________________________________________________________________________ 10:18 ___________________________________________________________________________________ 09:00 ___________________________________________________________________________________ A short course in english for adult students . 6.m. 22. 23. 8. 2. 15. 10. 3. ___________________________________________________________________________________ 04:00 p. 11. 13. ___________________________________________________________________________________ 11:00 p. 9. 16. 21. 18. 12.m. 19. 4. 14.Ex.m. 5. 7.

leso. sick /il.liviano largo angosto. no plano temperado ancho. enojado malo grande romo. agradable raro. incorrecto joven COLO(U)RS What colour is the car? What colours is the Chilean flag? black /blæk/ white /wait/ green /gri:n/ blue /blu:/ red /red/ brown /bráun/ yellow /yélou/ negro blanco verde azul rojo café amarillo It´s white. fijo. sensato maravilloso equivocado. insatisfactorio bonito rico. fome temprano. white and red. ingenuo soñoliento lento pequeño suave recto extraño estúpido alto grueso delgado sediento diminuto cansado feo disparejo. sik/ interesting /íntrestiη/ large /la:dll/ SPANISH airado. grey /grei/ purple /pε:rpl/ pink /piηk/ dark blue /dá. amplio sabio.rk blú:/ light blue /láit blú:/ anaranjado gris. plomo morado rosado azul oscuro azul claro. adinerado correcto. agitado triste agudo. sin punta brillante ocupado claro frio. estrecho nuevo bonito. par (números) caro rápido. completo bueno feliz duro. helado cómodo fresco curvo barato oscuro caro. sano pesado. puntiagudo corto. atrasado flojo claro. It´s blue. indispuesto interesante grande ENGLISH late /leit/ lazy /léizi/ light /lait/ long /loη/ narrow /nárrou/ new /niu:/ nice /náis/ odd /o:d/ old /ould/ pleased /pli:zd/ poor /púar/ pretty /príti/ rich /ritch/ right /rait/ rough /ra:f/ sad /sæd/ sharp /sha:rp/ short /sho:rt/ silly /síli/ sleepy /slí:pi/ slow /slou/ small /smo:l/ soft /soft/ straight /streit/ strange /streindll/ stupid /stiu:pid/ tall /to:l/ thick /δik/ thin /δin/ thirsty /δ:rsti/ tiny /táini/ tired /táiard/ ugly /ágli/ uneven /aní:vn/ warm /wo:rm/ wide /waid/ wise /waiz/ wonderful /wánderful/ wrong /roη/ young /jaη/ SPANISH tarde.contento pobre. apreciado profundo dificil opaco. impar (números) viejo satisfecho. gratis lleno. orange /órindll/ gray. brusco. leso libre.BASIC VOCABULARY: Study these words ADJECTIVES ENGLISH angry /ægri/ bad /bæd/ big /big/ blunt /blant/ bright /bráit/ busy /bízi/ clear /klíar/ cold /kould/ comfortable /kámfortbl/ cool /ku:l/ curved /kεrvd/ cheap /tshi:p/ dark /da:rk/ dear /díar/ deep /di:p/ difficult /dífikalt/ dull /dal/ early /ε:rli/ easy /í:zi/ empty /émti/ even /í:vn/ expensive /ikspénsiv/ fast /fæst/ fat /fæt/ foolish /fúlish/ free /fri:/ full /ful/ good /gud/ happy /hæpi/ hard /ha:rd/ hard-working /há:rd we:rkiη/ healthy /hélδi/ heavy /hévi/ high /hai/ hot /hot/ huge /hiudll/ hungry /háηgri/ ill. dificil esforzado saludable. bajo de estatura tonto. precursor fácil vacío parejo. gordo tonto.celeste A short course in english for adult students 43 .derecho tosco. intenso alto caliente enorme hambriento enfermo.

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a 21.. has got 3. 6. How much money has Bob got? 5. 1. a 10. It´s twelve o´clock / noon 15.9 B ..2 E . How much milk have we got? / how many bottles of milk have we got? 7.? 2.? 9... Bob hasn´t got a.. 12. an 6.F. 5. 15.. Ex.? 10.? 8. 13... There are many text books. a 31. It´s five past ten 17. It´s eight o´clock in the morning 11. an 26. 6. There are several letters.. Have the students got a.. These are interesting novels 10.8 C . It´s eighteen minutes past ten 24. 1. There were several car accidents. 1. 4. Are those women nurses? 11... There are some new students... an 22. 1. an 32. How many wheels has a car got? 4. It´s eleven o´clock at night 13. Are these envelopes? 4.? 5. There are some trees. 3. 2.. It´s half past eleven 19. Have they got our.. an 13. How many children have you got? 3..10. They´ve got horses.. Has the boy got black.1 K . a 9. It´s twenty-five past five 20.. 2. Please. a 18. Part III. It´s half past three 4. The students haven´t got any experience.. It´s nine o´clock A short course in english for adult students 45 .. They´ve got some interesting books. There are yellow flowers. an 5. 13. Those men aren´t teachers 5.5 I . 1. There will be many new students.. She hasn´t got blue. These boys aren´t new students 9.. 9. / I´ve got no cigarettes 7... Ex. How much free time have they got? Ex. 3...7 F . Has Bob got any money? 3... It´s five past nine 7. It´s nine o´clock 2. 3. Have they got a. 8. Ex.. 1. has got Ex. has got 2. a 20.. Ex.12 J .. My father hasn´t got a.. 2.. a 24.. an 7. B. 1. 1.6 Ex. has got 6..? 7..11 L . The student has got some new notebooks 14.4 G . There are many students. Has Bob´s sister got a. Peter´s got new pens 8. 10. 2.. 5.. 5. It´s forteen minutes past ten 8. a 15. It´s twenty-two minutes to two 23. 1.. has got 8. an 8. 4. It´s twelve o´clock / midnight 9. an 28..They haven´t got many friends.. a 19..an 4..? 4... There are many women. an 16. We haven´t got a. It´s four o´clock in the afternoon 12. have got 9. 9.? 6. Has Bob got our. 11.3 H . These are cars 3. It´s twenty past three 16. a Ex.. a 14. Have you got your..a 17.. It´s quarter to two 18.4. A . I´ve got several magazines. How many bathrooms has the flat got? 6... How many cars have they got? 2. an 3. Are those men engineers? 12.. a 2. an 30... 7. The boy has got some books.. It´s three minutes to three 10.? Ex. It´s twenty-five to five 22.KEY TO ANSWERS UNIT 3 Part I.. I haven´t got cigarettes Ex. It´s quarter to twelve 5. I´ve got some coins. Nancy hasn´t go a. an 12. The house hasn´t got.a 23. I´ve got friends in S. show me some photographs. It´s ten to nine 3. / The students have got no experience. a 11. a 29. 8. 7.. 6. (open answers) Part II. 1. Have you got a. have got 7. Are those apple trees or pear trees? 14. Have you got many... a 27. 2. It´s twenty-five past three 14.. It´s quarter past eight 21. My friends haven´t got. 1... It´s quarter past one 6. a 25.. have got 4. have got 5. I´ve got several questions. has got 10.10 D . Those are pictures 2.. 3. I haven´t got any cigarettes.

How are you? Fine. ¡Oh que interesante! Cartagena es un hermoso lugar. ¿cómo estás tú? Bien. Bye. Take care. . are you Colombian? No. nos vemos. de Colombia? No. Cuídate mucho Adiós.Diálogo 1 Saludos Saludando a un amigo A: B: A: B: A: B: A: B: A: B: A: B: Hola Hola. Oh. yo soy chileno. see you around. Dialogue 1 Greetings Saying hello to a friend A: B: A: B: A: B: A: B: A: B: A: B: Hi Hi. I want to know Cartagena. How about you? Fine thanks. and you. Y tú ¿eres colombiana? No. thank you. Nice! Well. quiero conocer Cartagena. ¡Qué bien! Bueno. I have to go. gracias ¿tú eres de aquí. I am here on vacation. Ok. See you. Está bien. that’s interesting! Cartagena is a wonderful place. estoy aquí de vacaciones. I am Panamanian and I am here on vacation too. ya tengo que irme. Are you from here. Nos vemos. I am Chilean. from Colombia? No. yo soy Panameña y también estoy aquí de vacaciones. ¿cómo estás? Bien gracias.

¿todavía trabajas en el hospital? Sí. That’s good. Hace unos días me ascendieron a enfermera jefe del área de maternidad. see you there at 8 p. ¿cómo estás? Bien. gracias. How are you? Fine. es que desde que hablamos en la fiesta de Darío no habíamos hablado más. Claro que si. is it OK with you? I think it is fine. and to know about you. Dialogue 2 Occupations On the phone A: B: A: B: A: B: A: B: A: B: A: B: A: Hi Carlos. Bueno. ¿y tú? ¿Cómo has estado? Muy bien. .m. Ah yes. See you. I was calling to say hello. She is going to get married and she is making an engagement party. nos vemos. Que bueno. entonces hasta el sábado. Hola Sandra. ella va a casarse y hará una fiesta de compromiso. are you still working at the hospital? Yes. so until Saturday. that party was a long time ago now. Te llamaba para saludarte y saber de ti. Sure I do. it is just that since we talked at Dario’s party we had not chatted again. Hi Sandra. te gustaría que nos viéramos en el restaurante de María Fernanda. yo todavía trabajo en el hospital. ¡felicitaciones! Gracias. OK then it is a date.Diálogo 2 Ocupaciones En el teléfono A: B: A: B: A: B: A: B: A: B: A: B: A: Hola Carlos. would you like us to meet at Fernanda’s restaurant. Ah sí. just a few days ago the promoted me to chief nurse of the maternity ward. nos vemos allá a las ocho de la noche el sábado. and you tell me. and you? How have you been? Very well. ¿te parece? Me parece bien. so that we can talk more. esa fiesta fue hace bastante tiempo ya y tú cuéntame. así podemos hablar con más calma. Bueno entonces es una cita. thanks. on Saturday. Good. I still work at the hospital. congratulations! Thanks.

what is your name? My name is Margarita. . I hope we get hired. Sí. ¿Cómo estás? Bien. Nice to meet you Rodolfo. and you. Ojalá nos acepten. ¿cómo te llamas? Yo me llamo Margarita. Are you here for the ad on the newspaper too? Yes. and you? Fine. I hope so. how about you? I am applying for the waitress’ job. ¿También vienes por el anuncio del periódico? Sí. Mucho gusto en conocerte Rodolfo El gusto es mío Margarita. It’s my pleasure Margarita. Hola.Diálogo 3 Presente ¿Cómo te llamas? A: B: A: B: A: B: A: B: A: B: A: B: A: B: Hola. y tú ¿cómo te llamas? Yo me llamo Rodolfo. what is your name? My name is Rodolfo. Yes. eso espero. Hello. gracias ¿y tú? Bien. I am applying for the cashier’s position. Dialogue 3 Present What is Your Name? A: B: A: B: A: B: A: B: A: B: A: B: A: B: Hello. How are you? Fine thanks. postulo para el empleo de cajero ¿y tú? Yo postulo para el empleo de mesera.

cómo estás? Bien. fue a visitar a mi hermana que está casada con un americano. Estoy feliz porque mi mamá está aquí en Lima desde la semana pasada. and I haven’t been able to finish it. vamos a pasar juntas la navidad. That’s good. . she went there to visit my sister who is married to an American. we are spending Christmas together. Hola Vanesa. How are you today? So so. ¿y tú.Diálogo 4 Presente perfecto ¿Cómo estás hoy? A: B: A: B: A: B: A: B: A: B: A: B: Hola Jorge. That’s right. Hi Vanessa. Así es. ¿Por qué lo dices? Lo que pasa es que hoy he tenido mucho trabajo desde temprano y aún me falta terminarlo. right? Yes. Why do you say that? The thing is that I’ve had a lot of work since very early in the morning. I guess she is going to stay here until the end of the year. ¡Qué bueno! Ella estuvo en Denver por dos meses ¿no? Sí. I am glad because my mother is here in Lima since last week. ¿Cómo estás hoy? Más o menos. ¡Qué bueno! Dialogue 4 Present Perfect How are you today? A: B: A: B: A: B: A: B: A: B: A: B: Hi George. Good! She was in Denver for two months. Me imagino que se va a quedar aquí hasta fin de año. and how are you doing? Fine.

¿cómo estás? Bien. Bueno. across from the park. . Dialogue 5 Present progressive Where are you going? A: B: A: B: A: B: A: B: A: B: A: Hi Daisy. Y tú. Oh! I recommend you to go to Raul’s pizza. ¡Qué bueno! Mándale mis saludos a todos. how are you? Fine. see you. where is that? On the corner. where are you going today? I am going home to eat with my family. Bueno. Well then that’s where I’m going. Really? And. And you. Nos vemos más tarde. his pizzas are the best around here. cruzando el parque. How are you? Fine. Good! Say hello to all of them. entonces iré para allá. nos vemos. Ok. ¿y tú cómo estás? Bien. ¿a dónde vas hoy? Voy a casa a comer con mi familia. Where are you going today? I am going to a pizza place. Sus pizzas son las mejores de este lugar. ¿En serio? ¿Y dónde queda esa pizzería? En la esquina. ¿A dónde vas hoy? Voy a una pizzería.Diálogo 5 Presente progresivo ¿A dónde vas? A: B: A: B: A: B: A: B: A: B: A: ¡Hola Margarita. ¡Ah! yo te recomiendo que vayas a la Pizzería Raúl. See you later.

Bueno. I am Vivian. Y tú ¿a dónde vas a ir hoy? Yo tengo que ir a casa. ¿Y a dónde vas a ir hoy? Hoy voy a pasear por la plaza central de la ciudad. where are you going today? I have to go home.Diálogo 6 Futuro ¡Qué conversación! A: B: A: B: A: B: A: B: A: B: A: B: A: B: A: B: A: Hola. Adiós. I am Mexican. Good choice. ¿Cómo te llamas? Me llamo Fernando. ¿Cómo estás? Muy bien gracias. Adiós Viviana. where are you going today? I am going to take a walk around the city’s central plaza. and you? Very good. are you Mexican? Yes. entonces ya nos vemos. Hello. La plaza es un hermoso lugar. Bye. Nice to meet you Fernando. That is a very beautiful place. Well then. Dialogue 6 Future What a conversation! A: B: A: B: A: B: A: B: A: B: A: B: A: B: A: B: A: Hi. Bye Vivian. . How are you? Very well thanks. What’s your name? My name is Fernando. where are you from? I am Colombian. ¿y tú? Muy bien. y tú ¿de dónde eres? Yo soy colombiana. And you. And. yo soy Viviana. ¡Ah! que buena decisión. Hola. soy mejicano. ¿eres mejicano? Sí. see you later. and you. Mucho gusto Fernando.

¿Tu familia también es de Colombia? No. A: Then. Entonces. where are you from? A: I am from Venezuela. ya me tengo que ir a casa. A: How interesting. see you. A: Is your family from Colombia too? B: No. from the city of Madrid to be more specific. ¿De qué parte de Colombia? Yo soy de Bogotá. ¿De qué lugar? De Puerto Rico. my family is from a different place. B: A: B: ¿De dónde eres? Soy colombiana.Diálogo 7 Presente Ser o no ser A: B: A: B: A: B: A: B: A: B: A. mi familia es de España. mi familia es de otro lugar. B: Ok. nos vemos. Que interesante. . but as you. De acuerdo. nos vemos. Y tú. my family is from Spain. Bueno. Dialogue 7 Present To be or not to be A: Where are you from? B: I am Colombian. A: Where in Colombia? B: I am from Bogota. exactamente de la ciudad de Madrid. B: What place? A: From Puerto Rico B: Well. see you around. ¿de dónde eres? Yo soy de Venezuela. but I was born in Colombia. pero yo nací en Colombia. B: And you. pero al igual que tú. I have to go home now.

Hasta la tarde entonces. I’ll be here this afternoon. ¿Sabes hablar francés? Sόlo un poco. Ok. I speak Italian perfectly. we’ll wait for you. I speak and write Italian correctly. Dime. Very good. Yo hablo y escribo en italiano correctamente. Do you know how to speak Portuguese? No. That’s good! For the position we need a person who can speak and write Italian perfectly.Diálogo 8 Presente Yo hablo italiano A: B: A: B: A: B: A: B: A: B: A: B: A: B: A: Buenas tardes. Hasta la tarde. ¿Sabes hablar italiano? Sí. Until this afternoon. Do you speak French? Just a little. regresa en la tarde para tomarte una prueba de conocimientos. then. De acuerdo. Dialogue 8 Present I speak Italian A: B: A: B: A: B: A: B: A: B: A: B: A: B: A: Good afternoon. Good afternoon Sir. So. Do you speak Italian? Yes. . ¡Qué bueno! Aquí necesitamos para el puesto de trabajo una persona que hable y escriba perfectamente el italiano. te esperamos. Muy bien. estaré aquí en la tarde. yo hablo italiano perfectamente. See you this afternoon. come back in the afternoon to give you a knowledge test. Tell me. Sir. ¿sabes hablar portugués? No. señor. Oh. Buenas tardes señor. Entonces.

no lo estoy. His name is Arturo and hers is Veronica like her mother. look. un niño y una niña. ¿Qué edades tienen? El niño tiene doce años y la niña tiene siete años.Diálogo 9 Presente ¿Estás casado? A: B: A: B: A: B: A: B: A: B: A: Hola. B: ¡Vaya! se ven felices. I am not married. Él se llama Arturo y ella Verónica como su mamá. B: Wow they look happy. Soy soltera. Hola. A: Gracias. here I have some pictures of them. B: And do you have kids? A: Yes. . Aquí están en el cumpleaños de Arturo. pero soy divorciado. And you are you married? A: No. Y ¿tienes hijos? Sí. one boy and one girl. tienes una bonita familia. ¿Estás casada? No. but I am divorced. Dialogue 9 Present Are you married? A: Hi B: Hello A: Are you married? B: No. I am not. yo no estoy casado. I have two beautiful kids. mira aquí tengo unas fotografías de ellos. In this picture they are at Arturo’s birthday. A: Thank you. B: How old are they? A: The boy is twelve years old and the girl is seven years old. I’m single. tengo dos preciosos hijos. ¡Qué bonito! Sí. B: How cute! A: Yes. you have a beautiful family. Y tú ¿estás casado? No.

yo tengo un regalo para ti. B: Brindemos entonces. I’m glad you liked it. A: Come on! help me to open the Champaign to celebrate this day. B: ¡Toma. Me alegra que te haya gustado. A: ¡Vamos! ayúdame a abrir esta champaña para celebrar este día. quiero hacer un brindis en tu honor y en nombre de nuestra amistad. B: You’re welcome Roxanne. you’re adorable. eres un amor. B: Here. A: ¡Salud! B: ¡Salud! Dialogue 10 Simple present Merry Christmas! A: Today is December 25. ábrelo! A: ¡Qué hermoso… es justo lo que tanto quería recibir! Muchas gracias Rubén. Merry Christmas to everybody! B: Merry Christmas Roxanne! I have a gift for you. B: Let’s make a toast then. ¡Feliz Navidad para todos! B: Feliz Navidad Roxana. I want to make a toast to you and to our friendship. B: De nada Roxana. A: ¡Un regalo de navidad para mí! ¿Qué será? Tengo mucha curiosidad en saber qué es. A: Cheers! B: Cheers! . open it! A: How beautiful… it is just what I was expecting to get! Thank you Ruben. A: A Christmas gift for me! What would it be? I am very curious to know what it is. it’s just a little gift for someone who deserves it all like you. es sólo un pequeño obsequio para alguien que se lo merece todo como tú.Diálogo 10 Presente simple ¡Feliz Navidad! A: Hoy es 25 de diciembre.

Massachusetts. Who are you waiting for. ¿Tenías un hermano en el extranjero? Sí. Allí conoció a una americana y se casó con ella. here at the airport? I am waiting for my brother. ¡Ah que interesante!. That’s right. no lo sabía. Oh how interesting! I didn’t know that. Ah. Massachusetts. Did you have a brother in a foreign country? Yes. so he must speak English very well. Entonces él debe hablar inglés muy bien. he speaks English perfectly. he went away to get a master degree. él habla inglés perfectamente ¡Qué bueno! Dialogue 11 Simple past My brother is… A: B: A: B: A: B: A: B: A: B: Hello Sandra. And where was he living? He was living in Boston. B: Yeah. Sí. Así es. Hola Miguel. se llama Ernesto y es psicólogo. justamente se fue al extranjero por dos años para estudiar una maestría. He is coming from abroad today. Hoy llega del extranjero. Hello Miguel. A: That’s good! . ¿A quién esperas aquí en el aeropuerto? A mi hermano.Diálogo 11 Pasado simple Mi hermano es… A: B: A: B: A: B: A: B: A: B: A: B: A: Hola Sandra. ¿Y dónde estaba viviendo? Él estaba en Boston. There he met an American woman and he married her. A: Oh. his name is Fernando and he is a Psychologist.

Is there something else I can do for you? No. . A one way ticket? Yes. Bien. we have the 4 pm train. Aquí lo tiene. deme uno. Bien. That time is fine. Muchas gracias. how much is the ticket? To Buenos Aires it is thirty dollars. What time would you like to travel? The earliest available. Bueno. I’ll take it. ¿Puedo ayudarlo en algo más? No. Good can you please show me your ID? Here OK sir I registered you already. Good afternoon sir. señorita. You’re welcome sir. tenemos en el horario de las 4 de la tarde. Dialogue 12 Buying a ticket The train to Buenos Aires A: B: A: B: A: B: A: B: A: B: A: B: A: B: A: B: Good afternoon. miss. ¿En qué horario lo desea? En el más temprano que tenga por favor. Buenas tardes. ya lo registré señor. De acuerdo. Very well.Diálogo 12 Comprando un boleto El tren a Bueno Aires A: B: A: B: A: B: A: B: A: B: A: B: A: B: A: B: Buenas tardes. OK. thank you very much. ¿Cuánto cuesta el boleto? Hasta Buenos Aires 30 dólares. De nada señor. señor. What can I do for you? I would like to buy a ticket for the train to go to Buenos Aires. Ese horario está bien. puede mostrarme su documento de identidad. ¿En qué puedo ayudarlo? Quisiera comprar un boleto de tren a Buenos Aires. ¿Solo de ida? Así es. All right. Muy bien.

do you want something else? Yes. I would like to have a glass of cold soda. ¿desea algo más? Sí. How are you today? I am fine thank you. Pidiendo en el restaurante A: B: A: B: A: B: A: B: A: B: A: Buenos días Buenos días. anything else? No Thank you. en seguida se la traigo. miss. right away… here you are sir.. gracias ¿y usted? Muy bien. señorita.. . Would you like to have something to drink? Yes I do. I’ll bring it to you right away……. por favor. señorita ¿Cómo está usted hoy? Muy bien. ¿Desea tomar una bebida? Así es. Por supuesto. All right. ¿algo más? No gracias. por favor. Here you are sir. Dialogue 13 Formal Greetings Ordering in a restaurant A: B: A: B: A: B: A: B: A: B: A: Good morning. Deseo tomar un vaso de gaseosa helada. and you? Very well. En seguida se lo traigo……………. please. podría traerme una hamburguesa de pollo. Good morning. De acuerdo. could you please bring me a chicken hamburger? Of course sir. Aquí tiene señor. miss. Aquí lo tiene señor.Diálogo 13 Saludos formales.

a mi esposa y a mí nos gusta mucho poder ver el amanecer y el atardecer cada día desde la habitación. is there anything else you want? B: No. un daiquirí de fresa nos gustaría mucho. please. A: El botones los guiará hasta su habitación. A: Enseguida se lo enviamos a su habitación señor. gracias. A: We will send it to your room right away sir. A: Para servirle. Welcome and enjoy your stay here at the hotel and of course on the island. we have the last two available rooms with a view to the sea. Con mucho gusto señor. Bienvenidos y que disfruten su estancia aquí en el hotel y por supuesto en la isla. A: To serve you. Dialogue 14 At a hotel Getting a hotel room A: Good evening sir. B: Thanks miss. tenemos las dos últimas habitaciones disponibles con vista al mar. A: B: A: B: ¿En qué lo puedo ayudar señor? Desearía una habitación doble para mí y mi esposa por favor. A: What can I help you with sir? B: I would like to have a double room for me and my wife please. B: Good evening miss. . my wife and I love to see the sunset and the dawn everyday from the room. B: Buenas noches señorita. A: Yes sir. do you wish the room to have a view to the sea? B: Yes. would you like us to prepare anything special for you as a welcome treat? B: Well. ¿Desea que le preparemos algo especial de bienvenida? B: Bueno.Diálogo 14 En el hotel Tomando una habitación A: Buenas noches señor. we would love a strawberry daiquiri. A: Si señor. ¿la desea con vista al mar? Sí por favor. thanks. A: It’s a pleasure to help you sir. B: Gracias señorita. A: The bellboy will lead you to your room. ¿desea algo más? B: No.

. Realmente tengo veinticinco años. ¿En serio? Y. You don’t look that age. Aunque yo también pensaba que tenías menos. B: Bueno ya ves que no es así. Dialogue 15 Present How old are you? A: B: A: B: A: B: A: B: A: Arturo. How old are you? I am twenty-eight years old. pensé que tenías mi edad más o menos. I really have twenty-five. ¿Sí? Dime. Really? And how old did you think I was? I actually thought you were twenty-one years old. No exageres. Yo pensé que tenías menos. y ¿tú? Yo tengo veinticinco años. A: Me engañaste por completo. Although I thought you were younger too. No pareces de esa edad. Don’t exaggerate. and you? I am twenty-five years old. B: Well you can see that it isn’t so.Diálogo 15 Presente ¿Cuántos años tienes? A: B: A: B: A: B: A: B: A: Arturo. ¡espera! Tengo una pregunta. wait! I have a question. A: You truly tricked me. I thought you were my age. ¿cuántos años pensabas que tenía? En realidad pensaba que tenías veintiún años. Yes? Tell me. ¿Cuántos años tienes tú? Tengo veintiocho años. I thought you were younger.

It is nice. And… How much is this one? This costs fifteen dollars. B: Está bonita. do you need any help with the prices? Yes. pero ¿tiene este modelo en color rojo? A: Mmm…Lo siento. I just have it in green. I am going to try it on. A: B: A: B: A: B: A: B: A: B: A: Excuse me. Dialogue 16 Present Let’s Go Shopping. but. It could be. B: Puede ser. B: Y.Diálogo 16 Presente Vamos de compras A: Disculpe. we have the other design in red... gracias. ¿Necesita ayuda con los precios? B: Sí. A: De nada. But. 15 dólares. dígame ¿Cuánto cuesta esta blusa? A: Esta blusa cuesta 20 dólares. fifteen dollars. . Mmm… and how much is it? The same. how much is this blouse? This blouse costs twenty dollars. sólo me queda en verde. You’re welcome. ¿Cuánto cuesta ésta otra? A: Ésta cuesta 15 dólares. Pero. B: Mmm…y ¿cuánto cuesta? A: Cuesta lo mismo. me la voy a probar. en este otro modelo sí lo tenemos en color rojo. do you have it in red? Mmm…. thank you. tell me. I am sorry.

. él es un niño muy inteligente a él le encanta que yo juegue con él y le enseñe cosas nuevas. he loves me to play with him and teach new things. Hoy por ejemplo le estoy enseñando los números del uno al diez. Every day is a new experience since he was born. Today for example I am teaching him the numbers from one to ten. where are you?”. one that my mother used to sing to me when I was a kid. I am teaching him a song that I really like. and playing with him I get to know him better. Dialogue 17 Present Progressive Playing with my son Today I am playing with my son Santiago. Cada día es una nueva experiencia desde que nació y jugando con él lo conozco cada día más.Diálogo 17 Presente Progresivo Jugando con mi hijo Hoy estoy jugando con mi hijo Santiago. it is called “Little star. he is a very smart kid. le estoy enseñando también una canción que a mí me gusta mucho y que mi mamá me cantaba cuando era niño se llama “Estrellita ¿dónde estás?”.

I am single and I live with my family. Sé hablar tres idiomas. por eso voy al gimnasio tres veces a la semana y me gusta practicar fútbol cada vez que puedo. Hablo y escribo inglés y francés correctamente. Dialogue 18 Present simple Tell Me A Little About Yourself Hi. I like to do exercise. I can speak three languages. mi nombre es Daniel. I speak and write English and French correctly. Trabajo en un banco en el centro de la ciudad como cajero y me gusta salir a divertirme con mis amigos los fines de semana. Me gusta hacer ejercicios. . y entiendo un poco de italiano pero no lo hablo.Diálogo 18 Presente simple Cuéntame un poco acerca de ti Hola. Tengo veinticuatro años de edad. soy soltero y vivo con mi familia. al cine o a una discoteca. most exactly from Santa Fe de Bogotá. I work at a bank down town as a teller and I like to go out to have fun with my friends on the weekends to the movies or to the disco. exactamente de Santa Fe de Bogotá. Soy de Colombia. Tengo un excelente empleo. I have a great job. español por supuesto. my name is Daniel I am from Colombia. that’s why I go to the gym three times a week and I like practicing soccer every time I can. I am twenty four years old. Spanish of course and I understand a little Italian but I don’t speak it.

Diálogo 19

¡Desayunemos!
En el restaurante

A:
B:
A:
B:
A:
B;
A:
B:
A:
B:
A:
B:
A:

Buenos días señor
Buenos días señorita
¿Desea pedir algo de tomar o comer?
Sí, por favor. ¿Podría mostrarme la carta?
Sí señor, aquí la tiene.
Bien, quisiera un jugo de naranja, un emparedado y huevos revueltos.
Muy bien. Enseguida se lo traigo.
Disculpe, antes que se retire me podría decir ¿Cuánto cuesta?
Sí, cuesta cinco dólares.
Bien. Entonces cóbrese de una vez. Aquí tiene el dinero.
Bueno, espéreme un momento y le traigo su pedido y su vuelto.
De acuerdo, la espero, gracias
No hay de qué señor.

Dialogue 19
Let’s have breakfast
At a restaurant
A:
B:
A:
B:
A:
B:
A:
B:
A:
B:
A:
B:
A:

Good morning Sir
Good morning Miss
Would you like to order something to eat or to drink?
Yes, please. Could you show me the menu?
Yes, Sir, here you are.
Good, I would like to have an orange juice, a sandwich and scrambled eggs.
Very well. I’ll bring it right away.
Excuse me, before you leave, could you tell me how much it is?
Yes, it’s five dollars.
Good. Then charge at once. Here is the money.
Fine, hold on a second and I’ll bring you your order and your change.
OK, I’ll wait for you, thank you.
You are welcome.

Diálogo 20
Presente perfecto
Mi novia italiana
A:
B:
A:
B:
A:
B:
A:
B:
A:
B:
A:
B:
A:
B:
A:

Carlos, ¿Te puedo hacer una pregunta?
Sí, dime.
¿Tienes novia?
Sí, tengo novia y se llama Pamela.
Y ¿cómo es ella?
Ella es inteligente, buena y muy divertida.
¡Ah! Qué interesante combinación.
Sí, tiene una bonita personalidad.
Ya lo veo, y ¿cuánto tiempo tienen juntos?
Tenemos dos años y seis meses.
Qué bien.
Ella va a venir a mi casa esta noche. Si vienes, te la puedo presentar.
Bueno, ¿a qué hora puedo ir?
Puedes venir a las siete de la noche.
De acuerdo, llegaré allá puntualmente.

Dialogue 20
Present Perfect
My Italian girlfriend

A:
B:
A:
B:
A:
B:
A:
B:
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B:
A:
B:
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B:
A:

Carlos, can I ask you a question?
Yes, tell me.
Do you have a girlfriend?
Yes I do, her name is Pamela.
And, what is she like?
She is smart, good and very funny.
Oh what an interesting combination.
Yes, she has a beautiful personality.
I see, and for how long have you been together?
We’ve been together for two years and six months.
Nice.
She is coming to my house tonight. If you come I can introduce her to you.
All right, at what time can I go?
Well, you can come at 7 pm.
Ok, I’ll be there very punctual.

Diálogo 21
Presente
En la pizzería

A:
B:
A:
B:
A:
B:
A:
B:
A:
B:
A:
B:

Disculpe señorita,
Sí señor. ¿En qué puedo ayudarle?
Me gustaría ordenar algo de comer
Sí, dígame
Me gustaría unos tallarines con salsa roja, por favor.
Enseguida, y para beber ¿desea pedir algo?
Sí, me gustaría alguna bebida del país.
Muy bien, y de postre ¿desea pedir algo?
No, gracias. Así está bien.
Bueno, enseguida le traigo su orden señor.
Muchas gracias señorita.
De nada señor.

Dialogue 21
Present
At a pizza place
A:
B:
A:
B:
A:
B:
A:
B:
A:
B:
A:
B:

Excuse me miss.
Yes sir, what can I do for you?
I would like to order something to eat.
Yes, tell me.
I would like to have some noodles in red sauce, please.
Right away, and to drink, do you want something?
Yes I would like some beverage from the country.
Very well, and for desert, do you want to order anything?
No thank you, that’s just fine.
All right, I’ll bring your order right away sir.
Thank you very much, miss.
You are welcome sir.

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. Between the restaurant and the hotel thene was a small lnternet cafe.ill tod@coolmail.1. Three buildings: Hotel Vacationl Restaurant We wene on vacation in California last week and evenyuhing was perfect.a bt " ': =1 )) '*u.lr":r'"r'r J . M\ Taronte Toda1l) .rl:'." of etvanSo 9oa croatvrog thoro' .*u' a fantaetr..ite back soonl i i 3. r-.*-'.' Thoro and rno io"+l'' ayar\un' i.. but I was on the beach all Café 2. 'tho ¿o* fieh. What was the hotel close to? The beach 3. wr. The place was gr eatl The hotel was close to the beach and there was a restaunant nean the hotel. -:.olor9 M1 favorito +) aryarlt f) *".-.".^"*--. -Il9{.*.da1and thol \nv\tod ?-\ were -..-. The pizzas and bungens wene fantastic. One natural feature: Beach i I Todd i ¡t t*-.-."tl^* "'.. What did Todd do all daY? He was at the beach Doar PaY1.7!I9il: 1! F dixrlil:ill.S. com geonge23@zmail. ltc. I Read the text in Activity A again and answer the questl 1.n u *1 ffod nood. Two types of food: Pizzas Burgers day! I I Iii t rrope you are well." anaÁy I wavt to ff to tho ayin tornoYYow' - ffi lt. com To: Subject: 1. . Where did Todd 90 on vacation? Callfornia 2.Uxlt* ead ' tñ V t] lr:.'!.

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