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Designation: A 240/A 240M – 09a

Chromium and Chromium-Nickel Stainless Steel Plate,
Sheet, and Strip for Pressure Vessels and for General
Applications1
This standard is issued under the fixed designation A 240/A 240M; the number immediately following the designation indicates the year
of original adoption or, in the case of revision, the year of last revision. A number in parentheses indicates the year of last reapproval.
A superscript epsilon (´) indicates an editorial change since the last revision or reapproval.
This standard has been approved for use by agencies of the Department of Defense.

E 112 Test Methods for Determining Average Grain Size
E 527 Practice for Numbering Metals and Alloys in the
Unified Numbering System (UNS)
2.2 SAE Standard:4
J 1086 Practice for Numbering Metals and Alloys (UNS)

1. Scope*
1.1 This specification2 covers chromium, chromium-nickel,
and chromium-manganese-nickel stainless steel plate, sheet,
and strip for pressure vessels and for general applications.
1.2 The values stated in either SI units or inch-pound units
are to be regarded separately as standard. The values stated in
each system may not be exact equivalents; therefore, each
system shall be used independently of the other. Combining
values from the two systems may result in non-conformance
with the standard.
1.3 This specification is expressed in both inch-pound and
SI units. However, unless the order specifies the applicable
“M” specification designation (SI units), the material shall be
furnished in inch-pound units.
1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the
safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the
responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

3. General Requirements
3.1 The following requirements for orders for material
furnished under this specification shall conform to the applicable requirements of the current edition of Specification
A 480/A 480M.
3.1.1 Definitions;
3.1.2 General requirements for delivery;
3.1.3 Ordering information;
3.1.4 Process;
3.1.5 Special tests;
3.1.6 Heat treatment;
3.1.7 Dimensions and permissible variations;
3.1.8 Workmanship, finish and appearance;
3.1.9 Number of tests/test methods;
3.1.10 Specimen preparation;
3.1.11 Retreatment;
3.1.12 Inspection;
3.1.13 Rejection and rehearing;
3.1.14 Material test report;
3.1.15 Certification; and
3.1.16 Packaging, marking, and loading.

2. Referenced Documents
2.1 ASTM Standards:3
A 370 Test Methods and Definitions for Mechanical Testing
of Steel Products
A 480/A 480M Specification for General Requirements for
Flat-Rolled Stainless and Heat-Resisting Steel Plate,
Sheet, and Strip
A 923 Test Methods for Detecting Detrimental Intermetallic
Phase in Duplex Austenitic/Ferritic Stainless Steels

4. Chemical Composition
4.1 The steel shall conform to the requirements as to
chemical composition specified in Table 1 and shall conform to
applicable requirements specified in Specification A 480/
A 480M.

1
This specification is under the jurisdiction of ASTM Committee A01 on Steel,
Stainless Steel and Related Alloys and is the direct responsibility of Subcommittee
A01.17 on Flat-Rolled and Wrought Stainless Steel.
Current edition approved April 1, 2009. Published April 2009. Originally
approved in 1940. Last previous edition approved in 2008 as A 240/A 240M – 09.
2
For ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code applications see related Specification SA-240 in Section II of that Code.
3
For referenced ASTM standards, visit the ASTM website, www.astm.org, or
contact ASTM Customer Service at service@astm.org. For Annual Book of ASTM
Standards volume information, refer to the standard’s Document Summary page on
the ASTM website.

5. Mechanical Properties
5.1 The material shall conform to the mechanical properties
specified in Table 2.
4
Available from Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE), 400 Commonwealth
Dr., Warrendale, PA 15096-0001, http://www.sae.org.

*A Summary of Changes section appears at the end of this standard.
Copyright © ASTM International, 100 Barr Harbor Drive, PO Box
C700, West Conshohocken, PA 19428-2959, United States.
--`,,```,,,,````-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`--Copyright ASTM International
Provided by IHS under license with ASTM
No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS

1
Not for Resale

//^:^^#^~^^"^@"^"^#$:@#~"#:$@~:#^#@~^~~~:^~:^^*:""^~^\\

Standard Specification for

7 or coarser..````-`-`. shall conform to an average grain size of ASTM No.`. unless otherwise specified in the purchase order.1 The austenitic H Types shall conform to an average grain size of ASTM No.`--- Copyright ASTM International Provided by IHS under license with ASTM No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS 2 Not for Resale //^:^^#^~^^"^@"^"^#$:@#~"#:$@~:#^#@~^~~~:^~:^^*:""^~^\\ 7. chromiummanganese-nickel stainless steel...3 Grade S31060.```.. pressure vessels . Keywords --`. chromium-nickel stainless steel.1 chromium.. 6. as measured by Test Methods E 112.. 6..`. Materials for High-Temperature Service 6.2 Supplementary Requirement S2 shall be invoked when non-H grade austenitic stainless steels are ordered for ASME Code applications for service above 1000°F [540°C]. 5. Charpy impact tests shall be performed in accordance with Supplementary Requirement S1. 7.2 When specified by the purchaser.`. 7 or coarser as measured by Test Methods E 112.A 240/A 240M – 09a 6.

00 0. ..0–15.030 0. .0–35. ...75 0...0 8.75 0.0 15..030 0.5 0.0 17.5 min TiI 0. 1.035 0.08 .5–7.7 6.00 2. .03 0.06 0.0–24.0–20.0–18.60 AlI 0... . .018 0..0 22.10 0.00 0.60 .16 . .030 0.0 22.040 0.5 18.00 0. Cb 0. Ce 0.00–3.5 15..20–0.... . ..0–18.045 0.. ..05–0.. .0–23...030 0.015 N08810 800HG 0.0–17...25 0.15–0.045 0... . .0–16.015 0.....0 16.0–20.00 2.. 304N XM-21J 304LN 305 .0 17.00 2. . .... .5–5. .75 0.50 0.045 0..40–2.10 0.0–19.0 7.015 0..60 Ti 0.045 0..045 0. .0 20.50–3.0 12.50 N08904 N08926 S20100 S20103 S20153 S20161 S20200 S20400 S20431 S20432 S20433 S20910 904LG ..060 0..07 0..0–18. 14..0–18.0–20.50–3.045 0.5 min Al 0.030 0.08 .00 2.0–24. .16–0...0 10.. XM-29J 301 301LG 301LNG 302 304 304L 304H .25 0.0–4.15–0..0–15.5 17..0–9.` Austenitic (Chromium-Nickel) (Chromium-Manganese-Nickel) A 240/A 240M – 09a Not for Resale 3 ..10–0..0 6. .60 FeH 39. 0. Al 0.03 0.030 1.0–35... ....0–19. .045 0..5 17.0–24. 0.0 2.00 2.0 8..00 19.0 6.020 0. 0.0 17.0–8.10–0.0–20. ....045 0. . 1..15–0.75 3.05 .0–12.030 0.10 0.5 2.0 4.15 0... 1...045 0.08 0.75 0.0–5.0 4.... .00 2.5 . .````-`-`..0 5.//^:^^#^~^^"^@"^"^#$:@#~"#:$@~:#^#@~^~~~:^~:^^*:""^~^\\ Copyright ASTM International Provided by IHS under license with ASTM No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS TABLE 1 Chemical Composition Requirements. .50 3. .12 0. .5 20. .18 0...030 0. ..5 4.75 17...5 min Al 0.060 0.045 0... 0.15 0.6 3. .5–7.045 0..0–21...15–0..0 6.045 0.0 3.0 19.0–10.0–18.. 0.00 0.0–15.50 0....0 1. .0 .0–6.50–0.0–7..20 0.0–18.24 0.030 0.5 0..030 0.0–18.030 0.0–10.08–0.00 2.. 0.020 0.5 17.0 23. %A UNS DesignationB TypeC CarbonD Manganese Phosphorus N08020 .07 2. 0.0 19...040 0.0 2. 0.3 5.0–4.0–26.00 2.030 0.F 32. 0.7–4.5 11. 0. .045 0...00 N08800 800G 0. .75 0. 201 ...00 1.030 0..5–22..00 .030 0.80 2..00 0..0–8.045 0.30 0..10 0..00 0.08 0.0 16.5–1.12 0.80 2..5 17. 3.0–12...040 0..0–23.00–3. ..00 1..0 7.020 0.00 1.030 0.5–19. ..00 19.30–1.0–18.5–16.... .030 0.0 .00 .5–10.030 0.00 0.5–5.0–12.030 0.. .00 0...030 0..0 0.0–10.0–9.75 1.. 0.0–17. .25 0..06 S21400 S21600 S21603 S21800 S24000 S30100 S30103 S30153 S30200 S30400 S30403 S30409 S30415 S30451 S30452 S30453 S30500 S30530 S30600 S30601 S30615 S30815 S30908 S30909 S30940 XM-31J XM-17J XM-18J ..0 17.030 0.045 N08811 .. .5–13.0–6.015 1.5 24....10–0.00 max .0 0.0 8. .... .75 2.4–7.030 0...0–18.5–13..25 0.00 0. ..0 1.045 0....0 18..30 .0–19.0 18.00 0.03 0.030 0. 0.5–23.40 max FeH 39.. .06–0. .030 0..35 . .0–18.060 0.08 0.00 5.. .040 0. ....0–18.. XM-19J 0.04–0.5 4. .5 8. .20 0.....25–0.5 4..00 2.20 0...00–2.. .0 17.....75 0.. .0 16.00 2.75 19...10 0.030 0.030 0..00 2. ..08–0.0 4..0 7.0–26.045 0....0 1.10 max --`.. Cb 83C min.15–0.0–7..10 1.060 0.0 3.045 0.030 0...75–1.10 1.08 Sulfur Silicon Chromium Nickel Molybdenum Nitrogen Copper Other ElementsE. . .10–0.75 0. ..0 0.30 0.0–10. . .0–22.030 0... 202 .030 0.50 0.0 6..00 0..5–22.00 ..00 2..00 5. .18–0...20 0.0 18..5–7.5–3.15–0..0 17.040 0.0 22.0 8..25 0.00 0..00 0. .50 0.00 1.0–10...15 0.50–2. ..15–0. . .0 18.12 0.60 Ti 0.12–0.0 16.030 0.10 .04 2.50 1. .60 FeH 39..5 . .0–21.18 0. 0.0–23.00 1.. .75 0.15 0.0 .030 0. .045 0. .08 0..0–16.0–19.0–22..00 0..0 5.5 8.0–19.50 Ce 0. ....0–18....25–0. Cb 83C min 0.0 4. .0–18.0–5..2–4.04–0..0 8.030 0.50 0..0 16.5–4..14–0.00–3....0–5.015 1.10–0.25 .0–4.0 3....04–0.0 .10–0.0–20. . .030 0.5–19. . .0 12.. .40 1.03 0.00 2.75 0.10 1.045 0.80 2.80–1..05–0.045 0.0–8.5–11.0 8. . 1..20 . 309S 309HG 309CbG 0...0–23..013 0..08 0.0–7.5 4.0 12..045 0.00 19.```...0 7.0 17.75 3.0–23.0 30. .0–6.00 2.0–10.... .40 0.0 17.030 0.5–9.0 24.10 0.75 0.10 0.040 0.. .0 20.0 7.00 2.045 0.0–6.20–0..3–3..03–0.0 .0 30..00–3.0 17.75 0.045 0..0 13. .50 0.5 3..5 14.50 1.5 5. Cb 103C min.00 1..75 0..5 9.0–18.045 0.15–0...0–7..3–5.030 0.5 8.35 min 0.5 17..00 2...00 2.03 0.0 16..030 0.16–0.10–0.010 0... 2..07–0...020 0.040 0..5 2.. ..035 1...08 0.20 .0–2.10 0..5–5.. ...25 0.5–3. 1.75 0.045 0.0–28... ..0–38..030 1.15 0..040 0.. .20 0.75–3. .0–7.0–9.`.0–19.0–6.0 10.. .75 0. .00 1.. .5 6.0–35.16 0..0 N08367 N08700 ...030 0..030 0..5–25. .0 1...05–0.0 17.25 0.5–9.0–5.03–0.75 1.00 19. .030 0.045 0.030 0. .00 1..5 23.08 0.5–14. .0 30..0 5. ..08 0.0 16..0 17.30 V 0.0 11.045 0.

030 0. Ce 0.0 10.0–8..030 0...0–18.16 0. 2. 0.030 0.0–24..10 0.00 2...75 17.08 2. .75 0. .50 0..00 max (Cb + Ta) 103C min.0 24.045 0. Cb 103C min..00–3.8 5.40 .00–3..045 0.60 ..00 2..5 23.75 0.0–19..60 0.10 ..0 24.0–13..10 max .030 0.030 0..80 1..0–6...60–2.0–19.0 19.0 2.. 1.0 26.0 19.0 17.030 0.75 19..50–2.045 0..00–3.0 17.05–0.0 20.0–20.75 1.00 0.08 0.0 18.50 1..0–26. 347 0.0 19.08 2.030 0....00 0.030 0.10 max Cb 103C min...50–1.75 1.5 11.50 .045 0.0–26.0–21.````-`-`.0–18. ..0–4.0 4.045 0.045 0..08 0.0 . 0.0 22..08 2. W 1.00 2..00–3.. .50 6.020 0.0–22.0 26.030 0.....030 0.75 16.00 2. 0.070 B 0.50 0.22 0...010 0.08 0.0 22. ....045 0. .75 0.10 0..08 S32109 321H S32615 S32654 S33228 Molybdenum Nitrogen Copper Other ElementsE..0–4.0–26..00 0...20–0.75 22.0 16.. ..0 16.. .17–0..030 0.0 6. .030 0.045 S31008 S31009 S31040 310S 310HG 310CbG 0.5–8.030 0..55 .030 0. 317LNG 865 .00 0.0 4.0 ... 1.21 0..0 4..0 22. ..5–19. .020 0. 19.045 0.0 17.08 1.00 S31651 S31653 S31700 S31703 S31725 S31726 S31727 S31753 S35115 S32050 S32053 S32100 316N 316LN 317 317L 317LMG 317LMNG .020 0.20 0..010 0..0 13..00 max Cb 8 3 C min. .0–18.0 18.5 21. . 321 0..10 Co 0.75 0.50 24.0–33.0–20.0 16.0–23.00 2.030 0.045 0.04–0.22 0... ..15–0.045 0..0 18.030 0. .0–12.50–2. 1. .045 0.030 ..0–14.0–19.00 0.0–6.030 0..TypeC CarbonD Manganese S30941 309HCbG 0.00 2..10 .04–0.. 0. Ti 5 3 (C + N) min.00 2...00 0.10 2. 316 316L 316H 316TiG 0..0–24..00 2. 1.10–0.0–13.0 20.0 16.00 max Ta 0.18–0.10 Cb 0. .. 1.0 2.5 13.70 max .0 9.0–4. . ....045 0.045 S31640 316CbG 0.010 0. 0.00 1. 0.04–0. S33400 334G 0.0–22.10 S31050 S31060 310 MoLNG .00 0.0 17.10–0.020 0.10 2. ..75 23.045 0.0–4.015 4.010 0.030 0...0–22.. . 1..0–14.0–13.0–20...0 . .10 . ..0 10.50 0.020 0..030 0.0–24..50 0.30–0..0 9.0–25...0–6.09–0..00 0...00 2.00 1.04–0..0 17.00 0. .. S31254 S31266 S31277 S31600 S31603 S31609 S31635 Phosphorus Sulfur Chromium Nickel 0..0 1.0–22..0 19.0 0...08 5. .00–3.030 0.5 1..0 0. .0 2.. ..030 0. .0–20.. 0.08 2.05–0.0 10...00 2.75 0.5 14.0 3. 1.75 0.0–5.0 3.030 0.0 Al 0.035 0..030 0.030 0. 0.2 6.0 .70 max Ti 4 3 (C + N) min. ..5–17.030 0..40–0.50 1.045 0.0 31. . . 0.045 0.0–14.0 24. .00 1.0 10..0 9....50–2..0–24.5 5.10 0. .00 0.015 0....030 0. ...020 0.0–19.0–16.045 0.10 0... .00 18.0–15. .08 1.75 17.030 0. .5–23...00 2.10 max . .22 0..0 10.0–18.0–24.020 0.0–25.50 0..00 2..0 .0 0.30–1.04–0..025 Al 0.0 12.60 .0 .025–0.15 0..0–14.```..00 3.00 S31041 310HCbG 0... 2.0–20.0 19.00–3.0–26.5–19.20 A 240/A 240M – 09a Not for Resale 4 //^:^^#^~^^"^@"^"^#$:@#~"#:$@~:#^#@~^~~~:^~:^^*:""^~^\\ Silicon --`.30–0.. . . Ce + La 0. 0.00 0.15–0..75 0.0–20.5–18.... 0.0–18.0–28.0 16..0–14.15–0..0–22.0–15.0–23... 24.0–18..00 0. . . ..32 0.04–0.8–4.045 0. 0.10 2.50–1.5–17.00 1.16 0.00 2.50 0..50 .00 0.030 0...040 0.045 0...00 1.005 0.035 0.0–26.0–7.030 0.10–0.5 24..`--- Copyright ASTM International Provided by IHS under license with ASTM No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS TABLE 1 Continued UNS DesignationB ..0 .5–23.5–20. . Ti 5 3 (C + N) min.0–25..30 0.45–0.20 0.0 16.045 0.010 0..00 0.0 .50 7.030 0. ..045 0. . .21–0. .75 0.030 0.50 24.001–0.70 max Cb 10 3 C min. Cb 103C min.030 0.60 . .030 0.35–0.00 2..0 10.0 18.0–15.0 23.18–0...60 Ti 0.0 ...40 0....0 1.0 11.00 2.5 3..6–1..75 17.8–4..0 21.030 0.0–19.00 0.030 1.0–28.10 max . .0 3.030 0.75 0.60 Cb 0.25 ..2–6..0–22.0 2..030 0.00 1. . ..10–0.00 2.00–3.0 10.030 0.50–1.0–14.5–16.0–12.8–6. S34565 S34700 .10 0..75 0. ...00 2.045 0.0 9.0 20.0–5.30 16.0–18.75 16.0 19.`.`. 1.0 11.04–0.. S34709 347H 0. 0..07 0.00–2.F .030 1..10 Cb 10 3 C min.030 0.045 0.0 2.0–4.0–18.`..00 0.5 10.015 1.030 0.030 0. 0.10 2.030 0.0 ..0–26. S34800 348 0...08 0.00 0.0–14..00 2..0 9. ...10 0.0–5.010 .0–12.030 0..00 2..0–25. .

0 21..00 2. .00 . 0.0 2.5–3..50 0.00 4. 0.040 0.26 0.040 0.5 3..03–0.5–11.30 .20 0..00 4..60 0....45 3....50–1.. S32803 .0–3. W 0.0–8.020 1.0 24.040 0.020 0.0–17.5 24.00 2.0 23.30 .0 24.0035 0.00 2..05–0.00 .7 0.5 10.030 1.25 0.20–0.50 (Cb + Ta) 83C min.020 0. .0 24.00 0.030 0.80 .0–6.00–1.10 1.030 0.0 19.75 17.0 3.08–0.0 17.70 1. 0.00 5.00 10. 0..30 0..030 0...00 10. ...00 2.20–0.14–0.. 0.0 1.10–0.040 0.00 1.15 0.0 1..0 2.020 (C+N) 0.40 0.00–2..00 10.0–35..50 2.0–23.0–4. .20 0.. 0.06–0.0–4.. . . 0. . 0.. ...50 0.24–0...10 0.0–4. 0....00 3.010 0...030 0.5–14..040 0.0–29..60 Ti 0.80–1. 2205G 2304G . . 0.50–1.30 S31200 S31260 S31803 S32001 S32003 S32101 S32202 S32205 S32304 S32506 S32520 S32550 S32750 S32760K S32900 S32906 S32950 S39274 S81921 . 0.. .00 1.0–4.80 1. 0.. Al 0.040 0.75 max .50–2.5 5..035 0.0–5.10–0.00 25. 0..045 0.75 1.20–0.0–15. Ferritic or Martensitic (Chromium) --`.9 3.5–8.10 2.00 1.030 1.5–6..50 .. 0.5 5.0 3.0–19..0–30.40–1..00 2.030 0.. .08 0.....0 30.55 28.50–2. ..80 1.60–1.00 0..0 2.00 2.00 10.````-`-`.10–0..7 0...0 21. .040 0.. .50 1.045 0.040 0..00 0..0 .00 2.030 0..08 1....030 .04–0.0 .F S34809 348H 0.20 . 410 .15–0.03 0...0 22..35 0.0–36.5 20. .00 1..15–0.32 0.25 0.0–26...030 0..030 .80 0.. 0.20 0..0 20.60 Cb 0.00 0..040 0.14–0.020 1. S40977 S41000 S41003 .80 0..045 0..0 17..50 1. S40500 S40900L S40910 405 409L .030 0.05 min Cb 0.0–19.5 3.14–0.80 ..030 2.030 0...0–13..5–6.0–26. Cb 0.030 0.20 Ti 63(C+N) min.030 0.0 31.0 4.. . W 1....5 0.5 19.00 0.00 24.00 0.5 13.80 1.00 1.0–25.00 1.00 0...5–11.030 0.50 .010 0.5–6.2 6.5–7..5–12..20–2.50 .5–6..5 1..040 0.5–13....030 1. ...00 0.`--- Cb 123(C+N) min..015 0.0–23..030 0.0 6.0 0.00 1.50–2.00–2.. .. Ti 0.40 Ti 0.. .00 ..030 0...00 2.50 5.0–38.00 1.0–26.030 .00 1.17 0.00 1.030 0.035 0.75 max.05–0..`.030 0...50–2. W 0.040 0.5–7.80–2.5–11.50 0.08+8 3(C+N)] min. . Ti 0.00 0.030 0..035 0.0 2. .....030 0.030 0.50 .08–0.0–4. S40945 .00 1.0–4.20–2.18–0..0–6.5–11.5 4..020 0. 0. .030 1..7 0...0–29..00 11.20 0.030 0. 0.00 10.00 1.. 0.0–37.50–2..20 1.. 0.00 1.030 0.0–26...0 21.040 0.14–0.020 0.0 24.50 ..50–2.10 ..00 1..00 0.030 1..030 0. 0.15–0. S40975 .0 26...20–0.020 0..50 2. 255G 2507G .5 0.015 1.030 1.00–3.00 0.030 0.05–0.50 1.5 0.040 0.5–24.7 0.030 0.50 0.18 .030 0.80 .50–1. 0. W 0.00 4..04–0.015 0. 0.00 0.0–5....040 0.15–0.50 .030 1.80 .10–0. 0.9–3.. .040 0.00 max Ta 0. 0.08 0.00 1..75 0.0–29.60 .30–0.5–6. . 0.0 28. 0.25–0.08 0.5 0..00 ..030 0.030 0.8–7. S40930 .80 4..7 0.. 1.12–0.0–27.08 0.5–12.045 0.0–4.60 3. Cb 0.0–22.50 Al 0.030 5.030 .60 1.030 0..015 0..5–22.. . .030 0.. 329 . . A 240/A 240M – 09a Not for Resale 5 //^:^^#^~^^"^@"^"^#$:@#~"#:$@~:#^#@~^~~~:^~:^^*:""^~^\\ UNS DesignationB .30–1.75 S35125 S35135 S35315 S38100 S38815 ..2 5.0 24.50..60 ... .040 0.8 .0 24.0–26..0–23. .0–26.`.50 1.5–11.5–21.5 2.10–0..045 0. 0.5–3.040 0.0–3.05–0. .00 0. 0..0 34.10 (Ti+Cb) [0. ..17 Ti 83(C+N) min.0 2.5–3.75 .50 0..05–0.030 1.5 3.30 Ti 63(C+N) min.24–0. S40920 .90 0..0 .5–18...```.....0–8.35 0.020 0.030 1. 0.030 0. S35045 .35–1.030 .`.0 19.04 0..75–1..20 0.00 1.00 0.0–28.32 0.030 1..20–0. .0 24. .. .0 1. 0.040 0.015 0.60 1..0–26. XM-15J .030 0.010 0....0–8.00 1.50 1...00 0.020 1.75 1..20 0.0 1.5–5.10–0.50 0.50 . Duplex (Austenitic-Ferritic) 1.Copyright ASTM International Provided by IHS under license with ASTM No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS TABLE 1 Continued TypeC CarbonD Manganese Phosphorus Sulfur Silicon Chromium Nickel Molybdenum Nitrogen Copper Other ElementsE.5 11. 0..0 2.00 Ce 0...040 0..030 0.00 0.015 0... 0.50 .0 32.50 0.0–26.5–24.5 1..0–5.. 0.020 0.10 Co 0. 1..18–0..5 21...00–3.030 0.15–0.00 10.0 13.030 0.030 . ..75–1.030 1.20 Al 0.030 . .0–22.0 9.020 0.50 max. ..030 ...00–2. 0.05–0.. ..00–2.5 6.040 0.60 Ti 0.08–0.030 0.

0 3.. 0..75 25..00 0.. 0. 0.20 N A 240/A 240M – 09a --`.80 max Cb 103(C+N) min.`.10 ..05–0. 0...012 1.. 0.040 0. ..015 0.030 1.00 19..60 Cb [0.50 0...030 1... ..50–1. 0.. Al 0..035 . 0.030 1. 0.5 3. . Al 0. .0–27.0 0.0–21. 0.00 0.06 N Nitrogen Copper Other ElementsE..030 1.040 0. .030 0..50 0.00 1.0 1..`--- Not for Resale 6 //^:^^#^~^^"^@"^"^#$:@#~"#:$@~:#^#@~^~~~:^~:^^*:""^~^\\ UNS DesignationB .75 24..030 .030 0. 1.00 1. .. Cb 53C min..00 0. S41050 S41500M S42035 S42900 S43000 S43035 .030 1.030 1..25 ... 0. Ti + Cb 63(C+N) min ..75–1. .75–1.00 10..0 0.75–2. . . .030 0.00 1.015 S44400 444 0.50 (Ti+Cb) [0.50–1.10 max.030 1...80 max (Ti+Cb) [0..00 11.75 S44627 J XM-27 0.04 0.0–19..0–18.5–5.030 .20+4 (C+N)] min.045 0.12 0..75 max. Ti 7(C+N) min Cb 0.00 1.00 1...12 0...040 S44500 .00 0.50 ..025 1.50 .5–13.00 1.00 0..00 1.00 25...030 1..25 0.00 1. 0.0–18.15 Ti 0.5 0... .030 0.5–12. 0. ....035 .0–19.040 0. .030 0.040 0..040 .20 S44635 .00. 0.50 S43400 S43600 434 436 0..12 0.020 0.5–26..F .75–1.50 ... . 0...040 0.040 0. .020 0..5 .010 0.75–1..040 0..0–13.80 max (Ti+Cb) 0....030 1.040 0.60 0..20 − 1. .04 .5 . 0.30–0.00 1.00 0.60–1.5 3...20–1.2 ...00 1.`..025 1. ..00 1..0–27...50 0.60 max .08 0. Ti 0.10 3..````-`-`.00 0. .00 0.. 0.030 0...5–19.80 max Ti 0.0 0.040 0.0 0.5 1.0 16...20+4(C+N)] min.50 0..5 0.0–18....00 17..00 S43940 .. .00 0.5–15..20+4(C+N)] min....10–0..0 17..030 1. .05 0.5 14.. 0. .0 0.30+(33C)] min (Ti+Cb)[0.5 1.00 16..030 . ...12 1.60 1.020 1.5–4.00.50 0.030 0. 0. Ti [0. S44660 .045 0.030 0.40 25. 0. .75 0.5–18.20 (Ni + Cu) 0...0–28. 1.03 0..030 1.00 1.5 11.040 0.0 0.60 0.00 S44626 XM-33J 0. 17..00 0..5–4...5 12.0–3.5–14.00 17. . Cb 93(C+N) min..30–0.0 13. 0. 0..```.00 0.60 ....40 0.2–1.040 0.20+4(C+N)] min. 0.020 0.Copyright ASTM International Provided by IHS under license with ASTM No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS TABLE 1 Continued TypeC CarbonD Manganese Phosphorus Sulfur Silicon Chromium Nickel Molybdenum S41008 S41045 410S . 0.15 .0–2. 429G 430 439 0..08 0.0 16.0 S43932 ..040 0.040 0..0–16.`. 0.0–4...030 0.

D Carbon analysis shall be reported to nearest 0. Not for Resale 7 A Nitrogen Copper Other ElementsE. unless range or minimum is indicated..2 . S40920.`.050 0.00 0.020 0. . .0–20.001 %.10–0. Unless otherwise specified in the ordering information.5–4. G Common name..60 (Ti+Cb) [0.50 (C+N) 0.00 0. not a trademark.30 Cb 0.5–4.. may at the option of the manufacturer be certified as S40900. H Iron shall be determined arithmetically by difference of 100 minus the sum of the other specified elements..020 0..0–30. K Cr + 3.20 Ti 0.00 28.20 Al 0.`--- TABLE 1 Continued UNS DesignationB Type S44700 S44735 C D Manganese Phosphorus Sulfur Silicon Chromium Nickel Molybdenum .07–0. 3.15 .010 0. which shall be reported to nearest 0.00–2.030 0.030 0.80 max La 0.0–30..50 0.85–1.00. 0...025 0.. 0.030 0. widely used. 0. E The terms Columbium (Cb) and Niobium (Nb) both relate to the same element.. M Plate version of CA-6NM. Designation established in accordance with Practice E 527 and SAE J 1086.020 0..0 18. as in the case of both a value from a formula and an absolute value..0 28.020 0.025 (Ti+Cb) 0.01 % except for the low-carbon types..30–0.030 0.20–1...30 1. an order specifying S40900 or Type 409 shall be satisfied by any one of S40910.040 0.04–0.20 1.`. Material meeting the requirements of S40910.50 20. the higher minimum or lower maximum shall apply.20...2 3..15 .0 ...030 0. 0. 0. B C A 240/A 240M – 09a Carbon . not associated with any one producer.6–4.20+4 (C+N)] min. Unless otherwise indicated. S40920.. S40920.50 //^:^^#^~^^"^@"^"^#$:@#~"#:$@~:#^#@~^~~~:^~:^^*:""^~^\\ Maximum.0 2.0 0.045 0.0–24.00 3.010 0.03–0.F 0. I (Al + Ti) 0.002 %..030 0. L S40900 (Type 409) has been replaced by S40910.50 S44535 .````-`-`. F When two minimums or two maximums are listed for a single type. ..040 0.30 1.. or S40930 at the option of the seller.020 0.```.. (Ti+Cb) 63 (C+N) min (C+N) 0. J Naming system developed and applied by ASTM. 0.....3 Mo + 16 N = 40 min. a grade designation originally assigned by the American Iron and Steel Institute (AISI).80 0.00 28.2 S44800 S46800 .Copyright ASTM International Provided by IHS under license with ASTM No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS --`.0–30.025 0. and S40930.025 Ti 0.15 1.`. N Product (check or verification) analysis tolerance over the maximum limit for C and N in XM-27 shall be 0. or S40930. .20 1.

..`. not required not required not required not required J and Strip XM-18K and Strip .. 217 100 100 95 88 92 .. . XM-19K and Strip XM-17 80 550 35 240 30E 217 95 100 95 80 75 65 65 71 94 75 95 95 95 125 90 95 90 75 80 690 655 550 520 450 450 490 650 515 655 655 655 860 620 655 620 515 550 45 45 35 30G 25G 25 31 43 38 45 38 45 50 38 48 45 30 35 310 310 240 205G 170G 170 220 295 260 310 260 310 345 260 330 310 205 240 30 30 30 30H 30 30 35 35 40 40 40 45 40 40 35 40 40 40 .. 800F 800HF ... .... //^:^^#^~^^"^@"^"^#$:@#~"#:$@~:#^#@~^~~~:^~:^^*:""^~^\\ required required required required required required required required required required required not required not required not required not required not required ...````-`-`. 304N XM-21K and Strip 304LN 305 .. or 50 mm. min Yield Strength. . ...... 95 100 95 100 25J ... ... ...... not required not required not required .... and Strip .... min.... 904LF ..B min ksi ksi MPa MPa Elongation in 2 in... 95 not required not required not required not required not required not required not required not required not required . % Hardness. .......```.....`.. .. 241 192 .--`. 90 ... 217 241 217 241 255 241 241 241 201 217 100 .... .... . 90 ... not required not required A 240/A 240M – 09a Not for Resale 8 N08020 N08367 Sheet Plate N08700 N08800 N08810 N08811 N08904 N08926 S20100 S20100 S20103 S20153 S20161 S20200 S20400 S20431 S20432 S20433 S20910 Sheet Plate S21600 Sheet Plate S21603 Sheet Plate S21800 S24000 Sheet Plate S30100 S30103 S30153 S30200 S30400 S30403 S30409 S30415 S30451 S30452 Sheet Plate S30453 S30500 S30530 S30600 S30601 S30615 .... .... 202 .. . .. 201-1I 201-2I 201LF 201LNF .. 100 100 92 95 105 100 725 690 60 55 415 380 30 35 241 241 100 100 not required not required 100 90 690 620 60 50 415 345 40 40 241 241 100 100 not required not required 100 90 95 690 620 655 60 50 50 415 345 345 40 40 35 241 241 241 100 100 100 not required not required not required 100 100 75 80 80 75 75 70 75 87 80 690 690 515 550 550 515 515 485 515 600 550 60 55 30 32 35 30 30 25 30 42 35 415 380 205 220 240 205 205 170 205 290 240 40 40 40 45 45 40 40 40 40 40 30 241 241 217 241 241 201 201 201 201 217 217 100 100 95 100 100 92 92 92 92 95 95 not not not not not not not not not not not 90 85 75 70 75 78 78 90 620 585 515 485 515 540 540 620 50 40 30 25 30 35 37 40 345 275 205 170 205 240 255 275 30 30 40 40 40 40 30 35 241 241 217 183 201 ...`--- Copyright ASTM International Provided by IHS under license with ASTM No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS TABLE 2 Mechanical Test Requirements TypeA UNS Designation Tensile Strength.. . ... XM-29K and Strip 301 301LF 301LNF 302 304 304L 304H . maxC Cold Bend°D Brinell Rockwell B Austenitic (Chromium-Nickel) (Chromium-Manganese-Nickel) .`...

`.... ... .. . 95 95 95 95 95 95 95 95 95 95 96 96 95 100 ... min. .....25 in. . 309S 309HF 309CbF 309HCbF 310S 310HF 310CbF 310HCbF 310 MoLNF t # 0.````-`-`..... . maxC Cold Bend°D MPa Elongation in 2 in.. . 96 96 . 321 321H .. 80 75 94 75 78 550 515 650 515 540 30 30 39 30 37 205 205 270 205 255 30 30 40 40 30 ....... . . ...... ... or 50 mm. 217 217 . 95 92 100 92 92 92 92 .. 100 95 109 112 75 70 75 75 75 80 75 75 75 75 80 80 80 85 98 93 75 75 80 109 73 70 115 75 75 75 75 70 70 690 655 750 770 515 485 515 515 515 550 515 515 515 515 550 550 550 585 675 640 515 515 550 750 500 485 795 515 515 515 515 485 485 45 45 61 52 30 25 30 30 30 35 30 30 30 30 35 36 35 40 48 43 30 30 32 62 27 25 60 30 30 30 30 25 30 310 310 420 360 205 170 205 205 205 240 205 205 205 205 240 245 240 275 330 295 205 205 220 430 185 170 415 205 205 205 205 170 205 35 35 35 40 40 40 40 40 30 35 40 35 40 40 40 35 40 40 40 40 40 40 25 40 30 30 35 40 40 40 40 35 35 223 223 . XM-15K .. % Brinell Rockwell B 45 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 310 205 205 205 205 205 205 205 205 40 40 40 40 40 40 40 40 40 217 217 217 217 217 217 217 217 217 95 95 95 95 95 95 95 95 95 .. 241 201 201 201 201 .... 334F . ....`--- not not not not not required required required required required A 240/A 240M – 09a Not for Resale 9 S31060 S31254 Sheet and Strip Plate S31266 S31277 S31600 S31603 S31609 S31635 S31640 S31651 S31653 S31700 S31703 S31725 S31726 S31727 S31753 S35115 S32050 S32053 S32100 S32109 S32615L S32654 S33228 S33400 S34565 S34700 S34709 S34800 S34809 S35045 S35125 S35135 Sheet and Strip Plate S35315 S38100 S38815 TypeA ...........B min ksi MPa ksi 87 75 75 75 75 75 75 75 75 600 515 515 515 515 515 515 515 515 84 78 87 Hardness. 96 95 95 ... 95 95 ...... not required not required not required not required not required not required not required not required 580 540 600 39 37 41 270 255 280 25 25 40 217 217 217 95 95 95 not required not required not required ....... 250 217 ....```.`... 347 347H 348 348H ... not required not required not required not required not required not required not required not required not required not required not required not required not required not required not required not required not required not required not required not required not required not required not required not required not required not required not required not required not required not required not required not required not required . .//^:^^#^~^^"^@"^"^#$:@#~"#:$@~:#^#@~^~~~:^~:^^*:""^~^\\ Copyright ASTM International Provided by IHS under license with ASTM No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS TABLE 2 Continued UNS Designation S30815 S30908 S30909 S30940 S30941 S31008 S31009 S31040 S31041 S31050 Tensile Strength.`.. Duplex (Austenitic-Ferritic) --`..... . .. 316 316L 316H 316TiF 316CbF 316N 316LN 317 317L 317LMF 317LMNF .. .25 in. min Yield Strength.. .. 317LN 865 ... 217 217 217 217 217 217 217 217 217 217 223 217 217 241 250 217 217 217 . t > 0.

... [10. . min .```.. . 28J not required not required not required not required not required not required not required not required not required 116 800 94 650 25.`... [5. 32J 32J . maxC Cold Bend°D MPa Elongation in 2 in.. not required 94 650 65 450 30 290 .00 mm] t > 0. or 50 mm....... . [5..... [5. .B min ksi MPa ksi 100 100 90 90 690 690 620 620 100 Hardness...... % Brinell Rockwell B 65 70 65 65 450 485 450 450 25 20 25 25 293 290 293 .00 mm] .. not required 94 95 87 90 112 110 116 108 90 650 655 600 620 770 760 795 750 620 65 65 58 65 80 80 80 80 70 450 450 400 450 550 550 550 550 485 30 25 25 18 25 15 15 25 15 290 293 290 302 310 302 310 270 269 .. ..187 in... 183 302 180 183 183 183 .0 mm] ......`.`--- .4 in....... .. . [10. 405 409N ... .. min....... ...187 in.`....00 mm] t $ 0.. 31J . [5.. 88 88 88 80 92 88 96 20J 89 80 89 32J 88 89 89 89 89 89 180 180 180 180 180 required 180 required 180 180 180 required required 180 180 180 180 180 not required ... 410 . 329 ......187 in. 429F 430 439 434 436 S32101 Not for Resale 10 S32202 S32205 S32304 S32506 S32520 S32550 S32750 S32760 S32900 S32906 Yield Strength..00 mm] ..4 in..0 310 32J not required 109 750 80 550 25..187 in.. ..Copyright ASTM International Provided by IHS under license with ASTM No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS TABLE 2 Continued TypeA UNS Designation --`. .. .. t # 0. 255F 2507F . t # 0.. . 410S . S32003 S32950M S39274 S81921 . 197 180 217 223 183 . .. 31J 32J 32J .... 31J 25J 690 70 485 25 293 31J not required 95 655 65 450 25 293 31J not required 101 700 77 530 30 290 . S32803 S40500 S40900N S40910 S40920 S40930 S40945 S40975 S40977 S41000 S41003 S41008 S41045 S41050 S41500 S42035 S42900 S43000 S43035 S43400 S43600 .````-`-`.0 310 32J not required 100 116 90 690 800 620 70 80 65 485 550 450 15 15 25 293 310 293 32J 32J 31J not required not required not required 87 60 600 415 72 25 500 170 16 20 241 179 100 88 not required 180 55 55 55 55 60 65 65 66 60 55 60 115 80 65 65 60 65 65 380 380 380 380 415 450 450 455 415 380 415 795 550 450 450 415 450 450 25 25 25 30 40 41 30 40 30 30 30 90 55 30 30 30 35 35 170 170 170 205 275 280 205 275 205 205 205 620 380 205 205 205 240 240 20 20 20 22 20 18 20 18 22O 22 22 15 16 22O 22O 22 22 22 179 179 179 . not required not required Ferritic or Martensitic (Chromium) //^:^^#^~^^"^@"^"^#$:@#~"#:$@~:#^#@~^~~~:^~:^^*:""^~^\\ not not not not A 240/A 240M – 09a S31200 S31260 S31803 S32001 Tensile Strength. t < 0.... .....0 mm] t $ 0. 2205F 2304F ..

015 in. Material meeting the requirements of S40910. the grain size as determined in accordance with the Test Methods E 112. . [25. Comparison Method. ...`--- //^:^^#^~^^"^@"^"^#$:@#~"#:$@~:#^#@~^~~~:^~:^^*:""^~^\\ . XM-33K XM-27K ... [0.5 %.`.38 mm] shall be 20 % minimum.. O Material 0. a grade designation originally assigned by the American Iron and Steel Institute (AISI)..Copyright ASTM International Provided by IHS under license with ASTM No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS TABLE 2 Continued UNS Designation A .. Unless otherwise specified (see Specification A 480/A 480M. min Yield Strength. N S40900 (Type 409) has been replaced by S40910. Yield strength shall be determined by the offset method at 0.010 in. H Not applicable for thicknesses under 0. C Either Brinell or Rockwell B Hardness is permissible. maxC MPa Elongation in 2 in. S40920..11.1. shall be No. 89 88 96 83 96 90 28J 100 20J 25J 20J 90 50–90P Cold Bend°D 180 not required 180 180 180 180 180 180 180 180 180 180 not required Unless otherwise indicated. an alternative method of determining yield strength may be based on total extension under load of 0.. I Type 201 is generally produced with a chemical composition balanced for rich side (Type 201-1) or lean side (Type 201-2) austenite stability depending on the properties required for specific applications. Ordering Information).27 mm] and under in thickness shall have a minimum elongation of 20 %. . M Prior to Specification A 240 – 89b.. [25 mm] or for any austenitic or duplex (austenitic-ferritic) stainless steels regardless of thickness.. G Yield strength requirements shall not apply to material under 0. . % Brinell Rockwell B 205 250 275 205 310 275 515 450 415 415 415 205 250 22 18 20 22 20 22 20 18 20 18 20 22 25E 183 180 217 . Unless otherwise specified in the ordering information.... .. L For S32615. paragraph 4.50 mm] in thickness.```.. K Naming system developed and applied by ASTM. .050 in [1. may at the option of the manufacturer be certified as S40900. or S40930... and S40930. the tensile value for S32950 was 90 ksi. 3 or finer.. an order specifying S40900 or Type 409 shall be satisfied by any one of S40910. Tensile Strength... or 50 mm. S40920. but is not required to meet a particular requirement. D Bend tests are not required for chromium steels (ferritic or martensitic) thicker than 1 in. F Common name. . not a trademark....25 mm]..````-`-`... . [0. J Rockwell C scale.`. not associated with any one producer.. in 1 in. less than 0.. widely used. min.`.. E Elongation for thickness.020 in [0.B min ksi MPa ksi 60 62 60 62 68 65 90 85 80 80 80 60 58 415 430 415 427 470 450 620 585 550 550 550 415 400 30 36 40 30 45 40 75 65 60 60 60 30 36 Hardness. or S40930 at the option of the seller. .. B A 240/A 240M – 09a Not for Resale 11 S43932 S43940 S44400 S44500 S44626 S44627 S44635 S44660 S44700 S44735 S44800 S46800 S44535 TypeA --`. S40920.. Plate II.. 217 187 269 241 223 255 223 . ...2 % in accordance with Test Methods and Definitions A 370. P Hardness is required to be provided for information only.4 mm].

The manufacturer is permitted to test specimens at a temperature lower than that specified by the purchaser. Method B specifies a test temperature and acceptance criterion. root of the notch perpendicular to the rolling face). (Approved October 15. S20432.5 Acceptance Limit —Unless otherwise specified on the purchase order. 2009. It may be economical for the Charpy impact tests performed on duplex stainless steels covered in both Specification A 240 and Test Methods A 923 to be performed at the lower of the temperatures specified by this supplementary requirement and Test Methods A 923 Method B.38 mm]. NOTE —Test Methods A 923.````-`-`. S2.015 in. and S30530 added to Table 1 and Table 2. specimen size. S2. the specimens shall be taken so as to include the mid-thickness of the product.`. Committee A01 has identified the location of selected changes to this standard since the last issue (A 240/A 240M – 08a) that may impact the use of this standard..6 Records—The recorded results shall include the specimen orientation. //^:^^#^~^^"^@"^"^#$:@#~"#:$@~:#^#@~^~~~:^~:^^*:""^~^\ Committee A01 has identified the location of selected changes to this standard since the last issue (A 240/A 240M – 08) that may impact the use of this standard. S1. S1. applicable to some duplex (austenitic-ferritic) stainless steels as listed in Test Methods A 923. steel covered. each of the three specimens tested shall show a lateral expansion opposite the notch of not less than 0. and lateral expansion opposite the notch. provided that such tests shall meet the acceptance criteria applicable to specimens tested at the specified temperature (see Note ). S2. with measurement of both lateral expansion and impact energy. Unless otherwise specified on the purchase order. this supplementary requirement shall be specified for ASME Code applications for service above 1000°F [540°C]. S1. 2009. and grain size (see Section 6).2 The user is permitted to use an austenitic stainless steel as the corresponding H grade when the material meets all requirements of the H grade including chemistry..3 Orientation of Test Specimens—Unless specified as transverse specimens (long axis of the specimen transverse to the final rolling direction.) (1) New grade S81921 added to Table 1 and Table 2.1 Charpy impact tests shall be conducted in accordance with Test Methods and Definitions A 370.. expressed as impact energy. (Approved March 15. 2008. subject to the applicable allowable stress table of the ASME Code.```. S1. 7 or coarser as determined in accordance with Test Methods E 112. (Approved April 1.) (1) Added new austenitic stainless steel S35115 to Table 1 and Table 2 (SCLB has been approved). annealing temperature.`.2 Number of Tests—One impact test (3 specimens) shall be made from one plate per heat treatment lot in the final heat treated condition. Copyright ASTM International Provided by IHS under license with ASTM No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS 12 Not for Resale --`. root of the notch perpendicular to the rolling face) on the purchase order.. The grain size shall be reported on a Certified Test Report. absorbed energy values (if required).) (1) S20431. uses a Charpy impact test for the purpose of determining the absence of detrimental intermetallic phases.`.`--- S1. S1. S20433. [0. the orientation of the specimens shall be longitudinal (long axis of the specimen parallel to the final rolling direction.. . Charpy Impact Testing of Plate S1. when the material meets all requirements of this specification and the grain size is ASTM No. Method B..4 Test Temperature—The purchaser shall specify the test temperature.. test temperature.A 240/A 240M – 09a SUPPLEMENTARY REQUIREMENTS A supplementary requirement shall apply only when specified in the purchase order. for each type of SUMMARY OF CHANGES Committee A01 has identified the location of selected changes to this standard since the last issue (A 240/A 240M – 09) that may impact the use of this standard. The manufacturer is permitted to test transverse specimens provided that such tests meet the acceptance criteria applicable to longitudinal specimens.1 Unless an H grade has been ordered.3 The user is permitted to use an L grade austenitic stainless steel for service above 1000°F [540°C]. Materials for High-Temperature Service S2.

Your comments will receive careful consideration at a meeting of the responsible technical committee. 100 Barr Harbor Drive. --`.. 2008.`..`. West Conshohocken.A 240/A 240M – 09a Committee A01 has identified the location of selected changes to this standard since the last issue (A 240/A 240M – 07´1) that may impact the use of this standard.astm. either reapproved or withdrawn. If you feel that your comments have not received a fair hearing you should make your views known to the ASTM Committee on Standards. 610-832-9555 (fax).`. United States. ASTM International takes no position respecting the validity of any patent rights asserted in connection with any item mentioned in this standard. are entirely their own responsibility. (Approved May 15.```. which you may attend. Users of this standard are expressly advised that determination of the validity of any such patent rights.) (1) New grade S32202 added to Table 1 and Table 2. This standard is subject to revision at any time by the responsible technical committee and must be reviewed every five years and if not revised. PA 19428-2959.. or service@astm..````-`-`. Your comments are invited either for revision of this standard or for additional standards and should be addressed to ASTM International Headquarters. and the risk of infringement of such rights..org). or through the ASTM website (www.`--- //^:^^#^~^^"^@"^"^#$:@#~"#:$@~:#^#@~^~~~:^~:^^*:""^~^\\ Copyright ASTM International Provided by IHS under license with ASTM No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS 13 Not for Resale . at the address shown below.org (e-mail). This standard is copyrighted by ASTM International. PO Box C700... Individual reprints (single or multiple copies) of this standard may be obtained by contacting ASTM at the above address or at 610-832-9585 (phone).