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Hong Kong Mathematics Olympiad (1989 90)

Heat Event (Individual)

40
Unless otherwise stated, all answers should be expressed in numerals in their simplest form.
Each correct answer will be awarded 1 mark.
Time allowed: 40 minutes
1
1
1
1
1
1.
Find the value of

.
3 8
8 7
7 6
6 5
5 2
1
1
1
1
1

3 8
8 7
7 6
6 5
5 2
2.

3.

If b < 0 and 2 2b 4 20 2 b 4 0 , find b.


b < 0 2 2b 4 20 2 b 4 0 b

If f (a) a 2 and F (a, b) a b 2 , find F 3, f (4) .


f (a ) a 2 F (a, b) a b 2 F 3, f (4)

4.

For positive integers a and b, define a # b = ab + ba. If 2 # w = 100, find the value of w.
a b a # b = ab + ba 2 # w = 100 w

5.

a and b are constants. The straight line 2ax + 3by = 4a + 12b passes through a fixed point P
whose coordinates do not depend on a and b. Find the coordinates of P.
a b 2ax + 3by = 4a + 12b P( a b ) P

6.

The sines of the angles of a triangle are in the ratio 3 : 4 : 5. If A is the smallest interior angle
x
of the triangle and cos A = , find the value of x.
5
3 : 4 : 5 A cos A =

7.

x
x
5

If x + y = 9, y + z = 11 and z + x = 10, find the value of xyz.


x + y = 9y + z = 11 z + x = 10 xyz

8.

If , are the roots of the equation 2x2 + 4x 3 = 0 and 2, 2 are the roots of the equation
x2 + px + q = 0, find the value of p.
2x2 + 4x 3 = 0 22 x2 + px + q = 0 p

9.

If x log10 x

10.

x3
and x > 10, find the value of x.
100
x3
x log10 x
x > 10 x
100
Given that a0 = 1, a1 = 3 and an 2 an1an1 (1) n for positive integers n. Find a4.
a0 = 1a1 = 3 an 2 an1an 1 (1) n n a4

11.

Find the unit digit of 2137754.


2137754
2

12.

1
1

If r 3 , find r 3 3 .
r
r

1
1

r 3 r 3 3
r
r

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P.1

HKMO 1990 Heat Event (Individual)

13.

14.

15.

16.

A positive integer N, when divided by 10, 9, 8, 7, 6, 5, 4, 3 and 2, leaves remainders 9, 8, 7, 6,


5, 4, 3, 2 and 1 respectively. Find the least value of N.
N 109876543 2 987654
32 1 N
1 cos 45 sin 70 cos 60 tan 40

If
, find the value of A.
A
cos 340 sin 135 tan 220
1 cos 45 sin 70 cos 60 tan 40

A
A
cos 340 sin 135 tan 220
If 10 men can make 20 tables in 5 days, how many days are required to make 60 tables by 15
men?
10 5 20 15 60 ?
In figure 1, the exterior angles of the triangle are in the ratio
x : y : z 4 : 5 : 6 and the interior angles are in the ratio
z'
x : y : z a : b : 3. Find the value of b.
z
x : y : z 4 : 5 : 6
x : y : z a : b : 3 b
y'
y
x
x'

(Figure 1)()
17.

In ABC, C = 90 and D, E are the mid-points of BC and


CA respectively. If AD 7 and BE 4, find the length of
AB. (See figure 2.)
ABC C = 90 DE BC CA
AD 7 BE 4 AB ()

(Figure 2)()
18.

19.

20.

Figure 3 shows 3 semi-circles of diameters a, 2a and 3a


respectively. Find the ratio of the area of the shaded part to
that of the unshaded part.
a2a 3a

1
1
1
1
.

2 3 3 4 4 5
19 20
1
1
1
1

2 3 3 4 4 5
19 20
In figure 4, C = 90, AD DB and DE is
perpendicular to AB. If AB 20 and AC 12, find
the area of the quadrilateral ADEC.
C = 90AD DB DE
AB AB 20 AC 12 ADEC

a
a
(Figure 3)()

Find the value of

C
E

(Figure 4)()
*** End of Paper ***
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P.2
HKMO 1990 Heat Event (Individual)

Hong Kong Mathematics Olympiad (1989 90)


Heat Event (Group)

20
Unless otherwise stated, all answers should be expressed in numerals in their simplest form.
Each correct answer will be awarded 1 mark.
Time allowed: 20 minutes
1
1
1
1
1 1
1.
If
5 and 2 2 13 , find the value of 5 5 .
a b
a
b
a
b

1
1
1
1
1 1
5 2 2 13 5 5
a b
a
b
a
b

2.

There are N pupils in a class.


When they are divided into groups of 4, 1 pupil is left behind.
When they are divided into groups of 5, 3 pupils are left behind.
When they are divided into groups of 7, 3 pupils are left behind.
Find the least value of N.
N
4 1
5 3
7 3
N

3.

The coordinates of A, B, C and D are (10, 1), (1, 7), (2, 1) and (1, 3) respectively. AB and CD
meet at P. Find the value of

AP
.
PB

ABC D (10, 1)(1, 7)(2, 1)(1, 3)AB CD P

AP
PB

4.

Find the remainder when 21989 + 1 is divided by 3.


21989 + 1 3

5.

Euler was born and died between 1700 A.D. and 1800 A.D. He was n + 9 years old in n3 A.D.
and died at the age of 76. Find the year in which Euler died.
1700 A.D. 1800 A.D. n3 A.D. n + 9
76

6.

Let N! denote the product of the first N natural numbers, i.e. N! = 123N.
If k is a positive integer such that 30! = 2k an odd integer, find k.
N! N N! = 123N
k 30! = 2k k

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P.3

HKMO 1990 Heat Event (Group)

7.

9
cuts the
4
x-axis at A and B (figure 1). If C is the vertex of the
parabola, find the area of ABC.
9
y x 2 4 x x- A B()
4
C ABC

The graph of the parabola y x 2 4 x

y x2 4x

A
B

9
4

O
C

(Figure 1)()
8.

In figure 2, FE // BC and ED // AB. If AF : FB 1 : 4,


find the ratio of area of EDC : area of DEF.
FE // BC ED // AB AF : FB 1 : 4
EDC : DEF

A
E

(Figure 2)()
9.

In the attached multiplication (figure 3), the letters O , L , Y , M , P , I , O L Y M P I A D


D
A and D represent different integers ranging from 1 to 9. Find the
OOOOO OOOO
integer represented by A.
(Figure 3)()
() OLYMPIA D
1 9 A

10.

Three circles, with centres A, B and C respectively, touch one


another as shown in figure 4. If A, B and C are collinear and PQ
is a common tangent to the two smaller circles, where PQ 4,
find the area of the shaded part in terms of .
AB C AB
C PQ PQ 4

Q
(Figure 4)()

*** End of Paper ***


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P.4
HKMO 1990 Heat Event (Group)