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# Hong Kong Mathematics Olympiad (1989 90)

## Heat Event (Individual)

40
Unless otherwise stated, all answers should be expressed in numerals in their simplest form.
Each correct answer will be awarded 1 mark.
Time allowed: 40 minutes
1
1
1
1
1
1.
Find the value of

.
3 8
8 7
7 6
6 5
5 2
1
1
1
1
1

3 8
8 7
7 6
6 5
5 2
2.

3.

## If b < 0 and 2 2b 4 20 2 b 4 0 , find b.

b < 0 2 2b 4 20 2 b 4 0 b

## If f (a) a 2 and F (a, b) a b 2 , find F 3, f (4) .

f (a ) a 2 F (a, b) a b 2 F 3, f (4)

4.

For positive integers a and b, define a # b = ab + ba. If 2 # w = 100, find the value of w.
a b a # b = ab + ba 2 # w = 100 w

5.

a and b are constants. The straight line 2ax + 3by = 4a + 12b passes through a fixed point P
whose coordinates do not depend on a and b. Find the coordinates of P.
a b 2ax + 3by = 4a + 12b P( a b ) P

6.

The sines of the angles of a triangle are in the ratio 3 : 4 : 5. If A is the smallest interior angle
x
of the triangle and cos A = , find the value of x.
5
3 : 4 : 5 A cos A =

7.

x
x
5

## If x + y = 9, y + z = 11 and z + x = 10, find the value of xyz.

x + y = 9y + z = 11 z + x = 10 xyz

8.

If , are the roots of the equation 2x2 + 4x 3 = 0 and 2, 2 are the roots of the equation
x2 + px + q = 0, find the value of p.
2x2 + 4x 3 = 0 22 x2 + px + q = 0 p

9.

If x log10 x

10.

x3
and x > 10, find the value of x.
100
x3
x log10 x
x > 10 x
100
Given that a0 = 1, a1 = 3 and an 2 an1an1 (1) n for positive integers n. Find a4.
a0 = 1a1 = 3 an 2 an1an 1 (1) n n a4

11.

## Find the unit digit of 2137754.

2137754
2

12.

1
1

If r 3 , find r 3 3 .
r
r

1
1

r 3 r 3 3
r
r

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13.

14.

15.

16.

## A positive integer N, when divided by 10, 9, 8, 7, 6, 5, 4, 3 and 2, leaves remainders 9, 8, 7, 6,

5, 4, 3, 2 and 1 respectively. Find the least value of N.
N 109876543 2 987654
32 1 N
1 cos 45 sin 70 cos 60 tan 40

If
, find the value of A.
A
cos 340 sin 135 tan 220
1 cos 45 sin 70 cos 60 tan 40

A
A
cos 340 sin 135 tan 220
If 10 men can make 20 tables in 5 days, how many days are required to make 60 tables by 15
men?
10 5 20 15 60 ?
In figure 1, the exterior angles of the triangle are in the ratio
x : y : z 4 : 5 : 6 and the interior angles are in the ratio
z'
x : y : z a : b : 3. Find the value of b.
z
x : y : z 4 : 5 : 6
x : y : z a : b : 3 b
y'
y
x
x'

(Figure 1)()
17.

## In ABC, C = 90 and D, E are the mid-points of BC and

CA respectively. If AD 7 and BE 4, find the length of
AB. (See figure 2.)
ABC C = 90 DE BC CA
AD 7 BE 4 AB ()

(Figure 2)()
18.

19.

20.

## Figure 3 shows 3 semi-circles of diameters a, 2a and 3a

respectively. Find the ratio of the area of the shaded part to
a2a 3a

1
1
1
1
.

2 3 3 4 4 5
19 20
1
1
1
1

2 3 3 4 4 5
19 20
In figure 4, C = 90, AD DB and DE is
perpendicular to AB. If AB 20 and AC 12, find
AB AB 20 AC 12 ADEC

a
a
(Figure 3)()

## Find the value of

C
E

(Figure 4)()
*** End of Paper ***
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HKMO 1990 Heat Event (Individual)

## Hong Kong Mathematics Olympiad (1989 90)

Heat Event (Group)

20
Unless otherwise stated, all answers should be expressed in numerals in their simplest form.
Each correct answer will be awarded 1 mark.
Time allowed: 20 minutes
1
1
1
1
1 1
1.
If
5 and 2 2 13 , find the value of 5 5 .
a b
a
b
a
b

1
1
1
1
1 1
5 2 2 13 5 5
a b
a
b
a
b

2.

## There are N pupils in a class.

When they are divided into groups of 4, 1 pupil is left behind.
When they are divided into groups of 5, 3 pupils are left behind.
When they are divided into groups of 7, 3 pupils are left behind.
Find the least value of N.
N
4 1
5 3
7 3
N

3.

The coordinates of A, B, C and D are (10, 1), (1, 7), (2, 1) and (1, 3) respectively. AB and CD
meet at P. Find the value of

AP
.
PB

AP
PB

4.

## Find the remainder when 21989 + 1 is divided by 3.

21989 + 1 3

5.

Euler was born and died between 1700 A.D. and 1800 A.D. He was n + 9 years old in n3 A.D.
and died at the age of 76. Find the year in which Euler died.
1700 A.D. 1800 A.D. n3 A.D. n + 9
76

6.

Let N! denote the product of the first N natural numbers, i.e. N! = 123N.
If k is a positive integer such that 30! = 2k an odd integer, find k.
N! N N! = 123N
k 30! = 2k k

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## HKMO 1990 Heat Event (Group)

7.

9
cuts the
4
x-axis at A and B (figure 1). If C is the vertex of the
parabola, find the area of ABC.
9
y x 2 4 x x- A B()
4
C ABC

y x2 4x

A
B

9
4

O
C

(Figure 1)()
8.

## In figure 2, FE // BC and ED // AB. If AF : FB 1 : 4,

find the ratio of area of EDC : area of DEF.
FE // BC ED // AB AF : FB 1 : 4
EDC : DEF

A
E

(Figure 2)()
9.

## In the attached multiplication (figure 3), the letters O , L , Y , M , P , I , O L Y M P I A D

D
A and D represent different integers ranging from 1 to 9. Find the
OOOOO OOOO
integer represented by A.
(Figure 3)()
() OLYMPIA D
1 9 A

10.

## Three circles, with centres A, B and C respectively, touch one

another as shown in figure 4. If A, B and C are collinear and PQ
is a common tangent to the two smaller circles, where PQ 4,
find the area of the shaded part in terms of .
AB C AB
C PQ PQ 4

Q
(Figure 4)()

## *** End of Paper ***

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HKMO 1990 Heat Event (Group)