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Orders of magnitude (energy

)
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

This list compares various energies in joules (J), organized by order of magnitude.

List of orders of magnitude for energy .

505×10−10 J Rest mass-energy of a neutron[30] 1.6×10−19 J ≈1 electronvolt (eV)[17] 3–5×10−19 J Energy range of photons in visible light[18][19] 3–14×10−19 J Energy of a covalent bond (2–9 eV)[11][20] 5–200×10−19 J Energy of ultraviolet light photons[8] 2-2000×10−17 J Energy range of X-ray photons[8] > 2×10−14 J Energy of gamma ray photons[8] 2.6×10−9 J 10 GeV[34] 8×10−9 J Initial operating energy per beam of the CERN Large Electron Positron Collider in 1989 (50 GeV)[35][36] 10−24 10−21 Yocto(yJ) Zepto(zJ) 10−20 10−19 10−18 Atto(aJ) 10−17 10−16 10−15 Femto(fJ) 10−14 10−13 10−12 Pico(pJ) 10−11 10−10 −9 10 Nano(nJ) Average total energy released in the nuclear fission of one uranium-235 atom (215 MeV)[27] .626×10−34 J Energy of a 1-hertz radio photon.6×10−24 J Energy of a typical microwave oven photon (2.03 eV)[13] 7–22×10−21 J Energy of a hydrogen bond (0. converted to energy per molecule[9] 2.[1] 10−33 2×10−33 J Average kinetic energy of translational motion of a molecule at the lowest temperature reached.5×10−20 J Upper bound of the mass-energy of a neutrino in particle physics (0.45 GHz) (1×10−5 eV)[4][5] 10−23 2×10−23 J Average kinetic energy of translational motion of a molecule in the Boomerang Nebula.6×10−10 J 1 gigaelectronvolt (GeV)[31] 3×10−10 J Rest mass-energy of a deuteron[32] 6×10−10 J Rest mass-energy of an alpha particle[33] 1. 100 picokelvins as of 2003[2] 10−28 6.7×10−14 J Upper bound of the mass-energy of a muon neutrino[21][22] 8.Factor (Joules) SI prefix Value Item 10−34 6.04 to 0. used to trigger fission (14.7×10−21 J 1 kJ/mol.5030×10−10 J Rest mass-energy of a proton[29] 1.6×10−28 J Energy of a typical AM radio photon (1 MHz) (4×10−9 eV)[3] 1.3×10−12 J Kinetic energy of neutrons produced by D-T fusion.1×10−21 J Thermal energy in each degree of freedom of a molecule at 25 °C (kT/2) (0.13 eV)[11][14] 4.01 eV)[10] 2.02–0. the coldest place known outside of a laboratory.1 MeV)[25][26] 3.6×10−13 J 1 megaelectronvolt (MeV)[24] 2.856×10−21 J By Landauer's principle.4×10−11 J [28] 1. at a temperature of 1 kelvin[6][7] 10−22 2-3000×10−22 J Energy of infrared light photons[8] 1. a common rough approximation for the total thermal energy of each molecule in a system (0.2×10−14 J Rest mass-energy of an electron[23] 1.04 eV)[11][12] 4. the minimum amount of energy required at 25 °C to change one bit of information 3–7×10−21 J Energy of a van der Waals interaction between atoms (0.1×10−21 J The "kT" constant at 25 °C.28 eV)[15][16] 1.

5×10−8 J Mass-energy of a Z boson (91.5×102 J A power of 1 horsepower applied for 1 second[45] 7.7 m/s by the world record holder Randy Barnes[74] 8.6×10−7 J 1 TeV (teraelectronvolt).3×102 J Energy to melt 1 g of ice[66] > 3.4 J ≈ 1 ft·lbf (foot-pound force)[45] 4. cool air by 1-degree Celsius[54] 1.6×102 J Kinetic energy of 800 g[67] standard men's javelin thrown at > 30 m/s[68] by elite javelin throwers[69] 5–20×102 J Energy output of a typical photography studio strobe light in a single flash[70] 6×102 J Kinetic energy of 2 kg[71] standard men's discus thrown at 24.26 kg[73] standard men's shot thrown at 14.10−8 10−7 10−6 Micro(µJ) 1.184 J ≡ 1 thermochemical calorie (small calorie)[45] 4.4 m/s by the world record holder Jürgen Schult[72] 6×102 J Use of a 10-watt flashlight for 1-minute 7.04×10−6 J Energy per proton in the CERN Large Hadron Collider in 2015 (6.2 GeV)[39][40] 1.3×10−8 J Mass-energy of a W boson (80.4×10−8 J [44] 1×10−7 J ≡ 1 erg[45] 1.8×102 J Kinetic energy of 7.7kg) one meter above earth (or any planet with earth gravity) .[46] about the kinetic energy of a flying mosquito[47] 1.1×10−1 J Energy of an American half-dollar falling 1-metre[50][51] 1J ≡ 1 N·m (Newton–metre) 1J ≡ 1 W·s (Watt-second) 1J Kinetic energy produced as an extra small apple (~100 grams[52]) falls 1 meter against Earth's gravity[53] 1J Energy required to heat 1 gram of dry.5 TeV)[48][49] 1.6×10−8 J 100 GeV[41] 2×10−8 J Mass-energy of the Higgs Boson (125.1868 J ≡ 1 International (Steam) Table calorie[55] 8J Greisen-Zatsepin-Kuzmin theoretical upper limit for the energy of a cosmic ray coming from a distant source[56][57] 5×101 J The most energetic cosmic ray ever detected[58] was most likely a single proton traveling only slightly slower than the speed of light.4 GeV)[37][38] 1.[59] Operating energy per proton of the CERN Super Proton Synchrotron accelerator in 1976[43] 10−5 10−4 10−3 Milli(mJ) 10−2 Centi(cJ) 10−1 Deci(dJ) 100 101 J Deca(daJ) 1×102 J 102 Flash energy of a typical pocket camera electronic flash capacitor (100–400 µF @ 330 V)[60] [61] 3×102 J Energy of a lethal dose of X-rays[62] 3×102 J Kinetic energy of an average person jumping as high as they can[63][64][65] 3.1 GeV)[42] 6.01×102 Amount of work needed to lift a man with an average weight(81.

3×107 J Theoretical minimum energy required to accelerate 1 kg of matter to escape velocity from Earth's surface (ignoring atmosphere)[104] 1×108 J Kinetic energy of a 55 tonne aircraft at typical landing speed (59 m/s or 115 knots) 1.3×103 J Energy to vaporize 1 g of water into steam[77] 3×103 J Lorentz force can crusher pinch[78] 3. or ~90 hours[105] ridden at 5 W/kg[106] by a 65 kg rider[107] 7.10/kWh (the US average retail cost in 2009)[99][100][101] 4×107 J Energy from the combustion of 1 cubic meter of natural gas[102] 4.2×103 J ≈ 1 food Calorie (large calorie) ~7×103 J Muzzle energy of an elephant gun.[88][112][113] 2×109 J Planck energy.8×104 J Energy released by the metabolism of 1 gram of fat[87] 4–5×104 J Energy released by the combustion of 1 gram of gasoline[88] 5×104 J Kinetic energy of 1 gram of matter moving at 10 km/s[89] 3×105 J—15×105 J Kinetic energy of an automobile at highway speeds (1 to 5 tons[90] at 89 km/h or 55 mph)[91] 105 106 1. depending on the temperature[45] 1.7 m/s[80] in 1986)[81] 3. firing a .1×103 J Mega(MJ) 5×105 J Kinetic energy of 1 gram of a meteor hitting Earth[92] 1×106 J Kinetic energy of a 2 tonne[90] vehicle at 32 metres per second (72 miles per hour)[93] 1.8×103 J Kinetic energy of M16 rifle bullet (5.26 kg[79] thrown at 30.1×107 J 7 10 108 10 9 Giga(GJ) Recommended food energy intake per day for a moderately active man (2600 food calories) [95][98] 3.10×10 J Energy in an average lightning bolt[108] (thunder) 1.2×106 J Energy released by explosion of 1 kilogram of TNT[45][82] 8.1×108 J ≈ 1 Tour de France.1×108 J ≈ 1 therm.56×45mm NATO M855.2×107 J Caloric energy consumed by Olympian Michael Phelps on a daily basis during Olympic training[103] 6.1×109 J Magnetic stored energy in the world's largest toroidal superconducting magnet for the ATLAS experiment at CERN. Geneva[109] 1.7×107 J $1 of electricity at a cost of $0.6×106 J = 1 kWh (kilowatt-hour) (used for electricity)[45] 4.4x109 J Theoretical minimum amount of energy required to melt a tonne of steel (380 kWh)[110][111] 2x109 J Energy of an ordinary 61 liter gasoline tank of a car.2×106 J Approximate food energy of a snack such as a Snickers bar (280 food calories)[94] 3.g. the unit of energy in Planck units[114] .4×103 J Kinetic energy of world-record men's hammer throw (7.2×103 J Energy released by explosion of 1 gram of TNT[45][82] 4.3×108 J ≈ Energy from burning 16 kilograms of oil (using 135 kg per barrel of light crude) 9 1.103 Kilo(kJ) 104 ≈ 1 British thermal unit (BTU). depending on the temperature[45] 1. e.7×104 J Energy released by the metabolism of 1 gram of carbohydrates[85] or protein[86] 3.4×103 J Total solar radiation received from the Sun by 1 square meter at the altitude of Earth's orbit per second (solar constant)[75] 1.6×103 J ≡ 1 W·h (Watt-hour)[45] 4. 4.4×106 J Recommended food energy intake per day for a moderately active woman (2000 food calories)[95][96] 1×107 J Kinetic energy of the armor-piercing round fired by the assault guns of the ISU-152 tank[97] 1.1 g fired at 930 m/s)[76] 2.458 Winchester Magnum[83] 9×103 J Energy in an alkaline AA battery[84] 1.

as of 2009[160][161] 5×1019 J Energy released in 1-day by an average hurricane in producing rain (400 times greater than the wind energy)[144] 6.1×1013 J Energy of the maximum fuel an Airbus A380 can carry (320.4×1019 J Yearly electricity consumption in the U. automobile in the year 2000[122][123][124] 8.3×1013 J 1014 1015 Peta(PJ) 1016 17 10 1018 1019 Exa(EJ) Yield of the Little Boy atomic bomb dropped on Hiroshima in World War II (15 kilotons) [141][142] 9×1013 J Theoretical total mass-energy of 1 gram of matter[143] 6×1014 J Energy released by an average hurricane in 1 second[144] > 1015 J Energy released by a severe thunderstorm[145] 1×1015 J Yearly electricity consumption in Greenland as of 2008[146][147] 4. in 1883[156] .530 liters[127] of Jet A-1[128])[129] 3.4×1018 J Yearly electricity consumption of South Korea as of 2009[146][158] 1.2×1013 J Orbital kinetic energy of the International Space Station (417 tonnes[138] at 7.2×10 J ≈ 1 toe (ton of oil equivalent)[119] 5×1010 J Yield energy of a Massive Ordnance Air Blast bomb.3 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake[151] 1.4×1012 J Energy contained in jet fuel in a Boeing 747-100B aircraft at max fuel capacity (183.5×109 J Average annual energy usage of a standard refrigerator[117][118] 6.2×1017 J Yearly electricity consumption of Norway as of 2008[146][155] 4.1×109 J ≈ 1 bboe (barrel of oil equivalent)[119] 2.S.1–9.6×1010 J ≈ 1 MW·d (megawatt-day).7×1017 J Total energy from the Sun that strikes the face of the Earth each second[152] 2.8×1010 J Total energy released in the nuclear fission of one gram of uranium-235[27][28][126] 3.380 liters[134] of Jet A-1[128])[135] 1. as of 2009[146][159] 1.3×1010 J Kinetic energy of an Airbus A380 at cruising speed (560 tonnes at 562 knots or 289 m/s) 10 10 10 4.3×109 J Approximate average amount of energy expended by a human heart muscle over an 80-year lifetime[115][116] 4.2×1015 J Energy released by explosion of 1 megaton of TNT[45][148] 1×1016 J Estimated impact energy released in forming Meteor Crater 1.S.4×1019 J Yearly electricity consumption of the world as of 2008[162][163] Estimated energy released by the eruption of the Indonesian volcano. used in the context of power plants[125] 8.S.6×1012 J 1 GW·h (gigawatt-hour)[130] 4×1012 J Electricity generated by one 20-kg CANDU fuel bundle assuming ~29%[131] thermal efficiency of reactor[132][133] 6.000 liters[136] of Jet A-1[128])[137] 1.1×1016 J Yearly electricity consumption in Mongolia as of 2010[146][149] 9×1016 J Mass-energy in 1 kilogram of antimatter (or matter)[150] 1×1017 J Energy released on the Earth's surface by the magnitude 9. the largest nuclear weapon ever tested (50 megatons)[153][154] 4.4×1012 J Maximum fuel energy of an Airbus A330-300 (97.7 km/s[139])[140] 1011 1012 Tera(TJ) 1013 6. the second most powerful non-nuclear weapon ever designed[120][121] 7. Krakatoa.5×1017 J Approximate energy needed to accelerate one ton to one-tenth of the speed of light 8×1017 J [157] 1.3×1010 J Energy consumed by the average U.4×1019J Yearly electricity production in the U.1×1017 J Yield of the Tsar Bomba.3.

45 (1.9×1021 J Estimated energy contained in the world's petroleum reserves as of 2010[165][172] 1.2 × 1044 J Approximate lifetime energy output of the Sun.4×10 J Theoretical total mass-energy of the Earth[189][190] 6. or 4.[205] 6x1053 J Total mechanical energy or enthalpy in the powerful AGN outburst in the RBS 797[206] 47 10 1053 .5×1024 J Total energy from the Sun that strikes the face of the Earth each year[152][178] 1.4×1022 J Estimated energy contained in the world's coal reserves as of 2010[165][174] 2.2) × 10 J Brightest observed hypernova ASASSN-15lh[195] 1045 1046 few times×1045 J Beaming-corrected 'True' total energy (Energy in gamma rays+relativistic kinetic energy) of hyper-energetic Gamma Ray Burst[196][197][198][199][200] 1×1046 J Estimated energy released in a hypernova[201] 1.1 ± 0.3×1031 J Total energy output of the Sun each day[179][185] 1032 2×1032 J Gravitational binding energy of the Earth[186] 1033 2.7×1033 J Earth's kinetic energy in its orbit[187] 1034 1.87×1041 J Gravitational binding energy of the Sun[191] 5×1043 J Total energy of all gamma rays in a typical gamma-ray burst[192][193] 1–2×1044 J Estimated energy released in a supernova.6.2×1034 J Total energy output of the Sun each year[179][188] 1039 6.1×1029 J Rotational energy of the Earth[182][183][184] 1030 1.4×1047 J Mass-energy emitted as gravitational waves during the merger of two black holes.8×1028 J Kinetic energy of the Moon in its orbit around the Earth (counting only its velocity relative to the Earth)[180][181] 1029 2.8×1026 J Total energy output of the Sun each second[179] 1028 3.8 × 1047 joules (8.8×1047 J GRB 080916C .9×1022 J Estimated energy contained in the world's fossil fuel reserves as of 2010[165][175] 4×1022 J Estimated total energy released by the magnitude 9.[194] sometimes referred to as a foe 1.9×1022 J Identified global uranium-238 resources using fast reactor technology[167] 3.9 times the sun’s mass turned to energy. originally about 30 Solar masses each.the most powerful Gamma-Ray Burst (GRB) ever recorded .6×1039 J Theoretical total mass-energy of the Moon 1020 1021 Zetta(ZJ) 1022 23 10 1024 Yotta(YJ) 1025 1026 1027 41 1041 1043 1044 5.8×1030 J Gravitational binding energy of Mercury 1031 3.9×1021 J Estimated energy contained in the world's natural gas reserves as of 2010[165][171] 7.3 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake[176] 2.8×1047 J Theoretical total mass-energy of the Sun[202][203] 5.5×1022J Total energy from the Sun that strikes the face of the Earth each day[152][173] 2.1–9.3×1026 J Conservative estimate of the energy released by the impact that created the Caloris basin on Mercury 3.2×1023 J Total global uranium-238 resources using fast reactor technology[167] 5×1023 J Approximate energy released in the formation of the Chicxulub Crater in the Yucatán Peninsula[177] 5.8 × 1054 erg).total 'apparent'/isotropic (not corrected for beaming) energy output estimated at 8.8×1019 J Yearly electricity generation of the world as of 2008[162][164] 5x1020 J Total world annual energy consumption in 2010[165][166] 8×1020 J Estimated global uranium resources for generating electricity 2005[167][168][169][170] 6. as observed by LIGO[204] 8.

— Based on The International System of Units (http://www. the first letter of its symbol is upper case (J).38E-23 = (3/2) * 1E-10 * 1.6+7421 58 58 10 4×10 J Visible mass-energy in our galaxy.45e8 Hz = 1. 2. Imagine the Universe. JPL.62e-24 J / 1. Retrieved 15 November 2011. "Frequency of a Microwave Oven". In eV: 1. "Boomerang Nebula boasts the coolest spot in the Universe". Calculated: KE_avg ≈ (3/2) * T * 1. Retrieved 15 November 2011. As with every International System of Units (SI) unit named for a person. See also ◾ ◾ ◾ ◾ ◾ ◾ ◾ Conversion of units of energy Energies per unit mass List of energy topics Metric system TNT equivalent Scientific notation Energy conversion efficiency Notes 1.07E-33 J Calculated: E_photon = hv = 6. 7. section 5.bipm. Frequency.07E-23 J "Wavelength. 5. the Supercluster which contains the Milky Way[212] 1069 4×1069 J Estimated total mass-energy of the observable universe[213] Total mass-energy of our galaxy. In eV: 6.html).2. 6. and Energy".6e-19 J/eV = 4.1054 3x1054 J Total mechanical energy or enthalpy in the powerful AGN outburst in the Hercules A (3C 348)[207] 1055 1055 J Total mechanical energy or enthalpy in the powerful AGN outburst in the MS 0735. However.6e-19 J/eV = 1. including dark matter and dark energy[210] SI multiples SI multiples for joule (J) Submultiples Multiples Value SI symbol −1 10 J −2 10 J −3 10 J −6 10 J −9 10 J −12 10 −15 J dJ cJ mJ µJ nJ pJ Name Value SI symbol Name decijoule 1 10 J daJ decajoule centijoule 2 10 J hJ hectojoule millijoule 3 10 J kJ kilojoule microjoule 6 10 J MJ megajoule nanojoule 9 10 J GJ gigajoule picojoule 12 10 J TJ terajoule 15 J fJ femtojoule 10 J PJ petajoule 10−18 J aJ attojoule 1018 J EJ exajoule 10−21 J zJ zeptojoule 1021 J ZJ zettajoule 10−24 J yJ yoctojoule 1024 J YJ yottajoule 10 This SI unit is named after James Prescott Joule.38E-23 ≈ 2. Calculated: 1e3 J / 6. 8. it should always begin with a lower case letter (joule)—except in a situation where any word in that position would be capitalized.62e-24 J.022e23 entities per mole = 1. 3. Retrieved 13 November 2011.6e-28 J / 1.0e-5 eV. 9.7e-21 J per entity . Calculated: E_photon = hv = 6.626e-34 J-s * 1e6 Hz = 6.6e-28 J.com/EBchecked/topic/462917/Plancks-constant Calculated: KE_avg ≈ (3/2) * T * 1.38E-23 ≈ 2. such as at the beginning of a sentence or in material using title case.1e-9 eV. The Physics Factbook.org/en/publications/si-brochure/section5-2.38E-23 = (3/2) * 1 * 1.626e-34 J-s * 2. when an SI unit is spelled out in English. the Milky Way[208][209] 1059 1×1059 J [211] 1062 1–2×1062 J Total mass-energy of the Virgo Supercluster including dark matter. the Milky Way.britannica. Note that "degree Celsius" conforms to this rule because the "d" is lowercase. http://www. NASA. 4.

NIST. 441. 24.5e-20 J 17. "the LEP machine energy is about 50 GeV per beam" 36. "Visible wavelengths are roughly from 390 nm to 780 nm" 19. ULTRA Home Page (EUSO project). G. "The energy storage capacitor for pocket cameras is typically 100 to 400 uF at 330 V (charged to 300 V) with a typical flash energy of 10 W-s. Retrieved 24 January 2014.. Retrieved 4 November 2011.." 61. 39. 60. ISBN 978-981-02-3887-2. "Apples. O. "Conversion from eV to J".. H. Bernardi.6e-34 kg-m^2/s * 3e8 m/s / (390e-9 m) = 5. PMID 20867754. 144-150.13 eV.6e-19 J/eV = 8e-9 J 37. with skin (NDB No.04 eV.8 m/s^2 * 1 m = 1.. d'Ambrosio.6e-19 J/eV = 4. "proton mass energy equivalent".7e-21 J / 1.6e-34 kg-m^2/s * 3e8 m/s / (780e-9 m) = 2. 4e3 J / 6.47e-19 J. Part 1 (ISSN 0004-637X). "alpha particle mass energy equivalent". M. 47. Bodner Research Web..02 eV. 12. E_390 _nm = 6. In eV: 3. "The LEP Collider". Retrieved 4 November 2011. "Chocolate bar yardstick". Dahl. Blusk.0e22e23 molecules/mol = 1. O.667. P. "deuteron mass energy equivalent".1103/PhysRevLett. E. NIST. Neutrinos in physics and astrophysics: from 10–33 to 1028 cm: TASI 98 : Boulder. In eV: 6. Calculated: 50 kcal/mol * 4. 14. In eV: 6.6e-19 eV/J = 0. Retrieved 4 November 2011. M. (7... NIST. R. Retrieved 4 November 2011. PDG Live. Stephen. M.5 TeV". "1. (2002). A popular analogy is to a flying mosquito. J. Dipartimento di Fisica di Torino.381e-23 J/K * 298. Retrieved 4 November 2011.. Retrieved 8 November 2011.5291. Particle Data Group. 33. 27.3e-21 J / 1.. Retrieved 14 November 2011. Calculated: 0. Ansari. Adams. Retrieved 6 June 2013. Retrieved 4 November 2011. Anjum. NIST Guide to the SI. 41. arXiv:0911. NIST. "11. W. NIST. Hydrogen Bombs. D. (2010). Biebel. 43. 25.7e-21 J.10. Physics Letters B 667: 1–6.2008.1 MeV" 26. NIST. NIST. Calculated: 2 to 4 kJ/mol = 2e3 J / 6.042 eV..2e-20 J. Retrieved 4 November 2011.018. Thomas J Bowles (2000). ed. Physical Review Letters 105 (3): 031301. Band.. H. Abdalla.2 eV. Retrieved 12 November 2011. electroelvis. CMS (26 March 2015). Chem 125 notes. Retrieved 5 November 2011. S. Retrieved 14 November 2011. Calculated: 50e9 eV * 1. CERN.07." 48. 62. 29.5e-19 J. NIST.. Bergren.7e-14 J 23. 28. Calculated: 4 to 13 kJ/mol. G.04e-6 J 50. D.389e-18 J.6e-19 eV/J = 0. Bertl. vol. Retrieved 4 November 2011.. 49. "Notes on the Troubleshooting and Repair of Electronic Flash Units and Strobe Lights and Design Guidelines.) 21.. "Detection of a cosmic ray with measured energy well beyond the expected spectral cutoff due to cosmic microwave radiation". Bichsel. 15. 38.com. (2008)..64e-19 J / 1.8 m/s^2 * 1 m = 1 J 54. N. "CODATA Value: electron volt". Useful Circuits.68 eV. T. -C. Damour. Lahav. M. Bird. "Conversion from eV to J".1e-1 J 52. Retrieved 4 November 2011.. Babu. "Energy From Uranium Fission". C. Retrieved 4 November 2011. Cowan. 59.022e23 molecules/mol = 6.. Colorado.0e22e23 molecules/mol = 3. .. USDA.15 K / 2 = 2.. 09003)". World Scientific. Calculated: m*g*h = 11.022e23 molecules/mol / 1. P.. Engineering Toolbox. Retrieved 4 November 2011.) and 200 kcal/mol * 4. Retrieved 14 November 2011. John.34e-3 kg * 9. Calculated: E = h * c / lambda. Astrophysical Journal. NIST. Retrieved February 14. H. T. Bloch. NIST. Doser. "Ionizing Radiation". 53.1e-19 J 20. S. Antonelli. 13. Retrieved 13 November 2011. Asner. "Appendix B8—Factors for Units Listed Alphabetically".6e-19 J/eV = 1. Retrieved 11 November 2011. Caso.6e-19 J/eV = 6. "Conversion from eV to J". "Specific Heat of Dry Air". NIST. Chen.1P.physletb. Retrieved 2 November 2011. 354.. ATLAS. 35. Retrieved 4 November 2011. 1. Retrieved 4 November 2011.5e12 eV per beam * 1. "The Sun. United States Mint.. "Basic Physical Scales Relevant to Cells and Molecules". and Schematics". Calculated: 5e19 eV * 1. "Conversion from eV to J".. arXiv:1503. (3..6e-19 J/eV = 2. C.60e-19 eV/J = 8. K.. O. De Gouvêa.1016/j. Retrieved 4 November 2011. "Review of Particle Physics⁎". Retrieved 8 December 2011. Bibcode:2010PhRvL.355818" 46. Blucher. In eV: 13e3 J / 6. E_780_nm = 6..4e-8 J 45. "W". General Chemistry Topic Review: Nuclear Chemistry.184 J/calorie / 6. Retrieved 13 November 2011. "an upper limit ov m_v_u < 170 keV" 22.. R. "Footnotes". Excertp from the CERN Annual Report 1976. Bibcode:2008PhLB. 2014. "Bond Lengths and Energies". "Conversion from eV to J".022e23 molecules/mol = 6.031301.1e-21 J 11. G. "First successful beam at record energy of 6. Degrand. 16. Ceccucci. "Conversion from eV to J". NIST. Retrieved 4 November 2011. Cahn. p. Retrieved 8 December 2011.6e-19 J/ev = 8 J 58. 31. Thomas..07589. "Teardown: Digital Camera Canon PowerShot |".. 55. 2012-09-02. 34. 4 kJ/mol = 4e3 J / 6. Retrieved 4 November 2011. Retrieved 2 November 2011.3e-21 J. Calculated: 1. UCLA. 57. 13 kJ/mol = 13e3 J / 6.340 g" 51. "A circulating proton beam of 400 GeV energy was first achieved in the SPS on 17 June 1976" 44. NIST. "Combined Measurement of the Higgs Boson Mass in pp Collisions at √s=7 and 8 TeV with the ATLAS and CMS Experiments". 56.022e23 molecules/mol = 3. Barnett. 32. Retrieved 5 November 2011.7e-21 J. D. "Physical Motivations". HiRes. Retrieved 4 November 2011. S. "The neutron comes out with high energy of 14. "BASIC LAB KNOWLEDGE AND SKILLS". "Conversion from eV to J". Beringer. "Conversion from eV to J". Calculated: 6. Retrieved 4 November 2011. A. "A TeV is actually a very tiny amount of energy. doi:10. (March 1995). Retrieved 5 November 2011. p. "Upper Bound of 0. NIST.184 J/calorie / 6..6e-19 J/eV = 0. 42.28 eV on Neutrino Masses from the Largest Photometric Redshift Survey". NIST. Richard A. F.7e-21 J / 1. Calculated: 170e3 eV * 1. Carena.6e-19 J/eV = 0. E. doi:10.105. "Conversion from eV to J".47e-19 J / 1. Amsler.022e23 molecules/mol = 2. "The Fly's Eye (1981–1993)". A. Chivukula. NIST. "neutron mass energy equivalent". raw.105c1301T.60e-19 eV/J = 2.. Retrieved 28 April 2015. "Coin specifications". J. Myers. no... USDA Nutrient Database. 18. 30. R. CERN. 1–26 June 1998. NIST Guide for the Use of the International System of Units (SI). Calculated: 400e9 eV * 1.28 eV * 1. 40. HyperPhysics. Chakraborty. "400 GeV Proton Synchrotron". Physics 450. Baer.. NIST. "electron mass energy equivalent".. Langacker. Calculated: m*g*h = 1e-1 kg * 9. Muller. and the physics of fusion". USA.

93.38. Modern Firearms.27E7 Joules / Kg" 105. D. Retrieved 12 December 2011.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=9).90 dollars * 1. Retrieved 7 September 2010.4 m/s)^2 = 595. "3000 to 12000 pounds" 91.3 J/s * 80 years * 3. "Javelin Throw – Introduction". Retrieved 10 December 2011. "Power of a Human Heart". Appliances". "Table 3. Retrieved 28 December 2011. 6 May 2012 114.4e6 J 97. E = 1/2 m*v^2 = 1/2 * (1e3 kg) * (55 mph * 1600 m/mi / 3600 s/hr) = 3. 72. 77. 19 October 2011. L. 1970–2009". "ITP Metal Casting: Melting Efficiency Improvement" (PDF). "334 kJ/kg" 67. Retrieved 5 November 2011. Engineering Toolbox. 113.184 J/cal = 8. "Intermediate power ammunition for automatic assault rifles". Philip.26 kg * (14. 80. Retrieved 5 November 2011. Flamme Rouge.1029/2010GL045777. "The mechanical power of the human heart is ~1. "Powering up ATLAS's mega magnet". Using a mass of 70 kg and a high point of 40 cm => energy = m*g*h = 70 kg * 9. Topend Sports. "Candies. The Physics Factbook. Smith. Chris. Geophysical Research Letters 38: n/a. 95. Calculated: 2600 food calories = 2. AllAboutBatteries. "The Olympic Diet of Michael Phelps". "It discharges about 1–10 billion joules of energy" 109. Accurate Powder. "Developing Event Specific Strength for the Javelin Throw" (PDF). "The total release velocity is 30. Bibcode:2011GeoRL. Retrieved 15 December 2011.65e7 J/dollar 101. The Physics Factbook. 19155)". USDA. "Energy Density of Carbohydrates".458 Winchester Magnum" (pdf). "Most serious studio photographers start with about 2000 wattsseconds" 71. Retrieved 6 July 2008. US Energy Information Administration. 98. "HAMMER THROW WR PHOTOSEQUENCE – YURIY SEDYKH" (pdf). Young.0e6 cal * 4. Bike Race Info.8 kg * (30 m/s)^2 = 360 J 70. Calculated: 1/2 * m * v^2 = 1/2 * 48.org – The PowerLabs Solid State Can Crusher! (http://www. SNICKERS Bar (NDB No. Retrieved 4 November 2011. Retrieved 12 December 2011. Calculated: 380 kW-h * 3.90 = 1e6 BTU / 28. Calculated: 1/2 * 7. Retrieved 15 November 2011. Engineering Toolbox. IAAF. 103.239 kWh" 118.4 J 73. thepartsbin. "How to Balance the Food You Eat and Your Physical Activity and Prevent Obesity". "2257 kJ/kg" 78. Ralf M. "Energy Density of Protein". Retrieved 10 June 2013. Retrieved 4 November 2011. Retrieved 12 December 2011. Old Physics 10 notes. "magnetic energy of 1. "Tour de France Winners. IAAF. Lean. MARS SNACKFOOD US.26 kg * (30. The Naked Scientists.1e8 J 108. "41–50 cm (males) 31–40 cm (females)" 64. "Shot Put – Introduction". The Physics Factbook. "For refrigerators in 2001. The Physics Factbook.5e9 J 119. Calculated cost per kWh: 1 kWh * 3. Calculated: 1. Retrieved 14 November 2011.0e6 J 94.2e3 J/gram of TNT-equivalent 83. 76. "Battery energy storage in various battery sizes". CERN. Kinetic energy at start of jump = potential energy at high point of jump. 74. James E.Latent Heat of Evaporation". Retrieved 13 December 2011. Retrieved 10 December 2011. Calculated: 1/2 * 0. Muller. World Guns.78 kg * (655 m/s)^2 = 1. Retrieved 13 December 2011. Retrieved 14 November 2011. Retrieved 14 November 2011.com/guides/volvo/fuel_tank. the average UEC was 1. Retrieved 5 November 2011. Richard A. "List of Car Weights". powerlabs.90 per million BTU" 100. E = 1/2 * (5e3 kg) * (55 mph * 1600 m/mi / 3600 s/hr) = 15e5 J. 104. Spotlight on. Retrieved 12 December 2011. Calculated: E = 1/2 m*v^2 = 1/2 * (1e-3 kg) * (1e4 m/s)^2 = 5e4 J. Michael. Retrieved 10 June 2013. ". 86. 87. lower value of total solar irradiance: Evidence and climate significance" (PDF). Retrieved 10 December 2011.thepartsbin. Retrieved 13 December 2011. Calculated: 2000 food calories = 2.6e6 cal * 4..3e9 J 117. USDA Nutrient Database.7 m/s)^2 = 3420 J 82.. Retrieved 13 December 2011. Otto. 2002 79.63. IAAF. (2011).60e6 J/kWh / 3.powerlabs. by Arthur Smith. IAAF.0e5 J. 4.com. Calculated: 1239 kWh * 3. Calculated: KE = 1/2 * 2e3 kg * (32 m/s)^2 = 1. 92. Calculated: 1/2 * 2 kg * (24.6e6 J/kW-h = 1.htm). Retrieved 15 December 2011. "Watts/kg".com – Volvo Fuel Tank: Compare at The Parts Bin (http://www. "Fluids . "A new. 21 January 2005 .S. Greenspun. 85. Retrieved 17 December 2011. "Lead-Free Gasoline Material Safety Data Sheet". U. Household Electricity Uses: A/C.055e3 J/BTU = 3. Times". "Vertical Jump Test". "Energy in a Cubic Meter of Natural Gas".S. The Physics Factbook. Retrieved 13 November 2011. "For elite athletes. Annual Energy Review. "Mass of an Adult". "How do Thunderstorms Work?". 96. Calculated: 90 hr * 3600 seconds/hr * 5 W/kg * 65 kg = 1. Bell Fuels.7 m/sec" 81. 90. "U. Energy Units (http://www.org/pssecc.0986 dollar/kWh 102. ITP Metal Casting. The Physics Factbook. LoveToKnow. Cline. Retrieved 12 December 2011. Calculated J per dollar: 1 million BTU/$28.org/mambo/index.altenergyaction.3 watts" 116. 68.37e9 J 112. Calculated: Using car weights of 1 ton to 5 tons. "377 kWh/mt" 111. National Heart Lung and Blood Institutde.3 Consumer Price Estimates for Energy by Source. Kopp. Healthy Weight Basics. 88.2e9 J/ton of TNT-equivalent * (1 ton/1e6 grams) = 4. the velocity of a javelin release has been measured in excess of 30m/s" 69. "6. The Physics Factbook. EIA. Department of Energy. "Discus Throw – Introduction". "Studio Photography".7 m/s)^2 = 784 J 75. Calculated: 1/2 * 7. doi:10. Retrieved 12 December 2011. Podium.184 J/cal = 1. Retrieved 13 December 2011.65e7 J/dollar = 0.6e6 J/kWh = 4.html). "Hammer Throw – Introduction". "Energy Density of Fats". HOUSEHOLD ELECTRICITY REPORT.0e7 J. "70 kg" 65. 115. 84.. 106. J. 89. U.S.16e7 s/year = 3. Western Powders Inc. G. "$28. "Latent Heat of Melting of some common Materials".. Heating. WebMD. 107. "Kinetic Energy in a meteor". "Energy Density of Gasoline". NOAA. Retrieved 5 November 2011.1e7 J 99.1 Gigajoules" 110.8 m/s^2 * 40e-2 m = 274 J 66.1706K. "Energy to Space".

"The wizards of orbits".gov/pub/international/iealf/table63.60e6 J/kWh = 6. Retrieved 6 June 2013.2e9 J/ton of TNT-equivalent * 1e6 tons/megaton = 4. 147.9e3 billion cubic feet * 0. Geology 26 (4): 331–334. Calculated: 97530 liters * 0. Calculated: 288.020 tonnes per bundle) * 86400 seconds/day = 1. R. The World Factbook.9% of world energy is nuclear.xls) 169. Alexander.1130/0091-7613 (1998)026<0331:tctbcc>2. Retrieved 23 August 2011.36e12 J 136. Calculated: 1e9 Watts * 3600 seconds/hour 131. IAEA estimates conventional uranium stock. 161. Calculated: 581 gallons * 125e6 J/gal = 7. "The Gathering Storms". Retrieved 11 December 2011.2e13 J 141.09e16 J 150. "What was the yield of the Hiroshima bomb?".15 MJ/kg = 11. National Earthquake Information Center. Warbird's Forum.01×1020. Retrieved 11 December 2011. Retrieved 12 December 2011.804 kg/L * 43. EPA.9 trillion cubic feet" => 6608. flies at 7. Harvard Moment Tensor Solution". Calculated: "188.04e15 J 148. Retrieved 11 December 2011.741e12 kWh * 3. Retrieved 12 November 2011. "CANDU and Heavy Water Moderated Reactors". "A380-800 Dimensions & key data".gov/oiaf/ieo/electricity. for example.45e17 J 159. NIST. U.02e9 kWh * 3.159×85 = 8. Calculated: 860938 million tonnes of coal => 860938e6 tonnes of coal * (1/1.60e6 J/kWh = 1.doe. 152. Calculated: 200e6 tons of TNT equivalent * 4.15 MJ/kg = 6. 144. Bralower.60e6 J/kWh = 4. Retrieved 12 December 2011.82e19 J 165.60e6 J/kWh = 1. Final number is computed. The Nuclear Weapon Archive.804 kg/L * 43. BP. Kenneth.2. Timothy J. Retrieved 12 December 2011.26. Energy Information Administration. 171. Calculated: 4. Electricity = burnup * ~29% efficiency = 3. "Country Comparison :: Electricity – consumption".120.6e9 kWh * 3.2e9 J/ton TNT-equivalent = 2. doi:10.1e12 J 138.9e22 J 176.44e-10 J/U-235-fission * 1e-3 kg / (235 amu per U-235-fission * 1.S. "the explosion of the island volcano Krakatoa in 1883. Calculated: E = mc^2 = 1 kg * (2.7 km/s in one of the lowest practicable orbits" 140.000 l * 0. Calculated: "6608. Dynamics of Dinosaurs and Other Extinct Giants. http://www. had about 200 megatonnes energy. Retrieved 10 December 2011. Calculated: 17.2e15 J/megaton of TNT-equivalent 149. Calculated: 1. Listverse.4e22 J = 3. Nuclear Power Plants" (pdf).bp.27e14 m^2 * 1370 W/m^2 * 86400 s/day = 5. Calculated: 50e6 tons TNT-equivalent * 4..82e-10 J 127.804 kg/L * 43. "The kinetic energy derived by the impact is estimated at ~5 × 10^30 ergs" 178.5e22 J 174.6e10 J 122..3e13 J 143. "World".600e6 J/kWh = 1.4e22 J 175. McNeill (1989).380 L" 135.2e9 J/ton of TNT equivalent = 8. Calculated: natural gas + petroleum + coal = 6.6e6 kWh * 3. "The International Space Station.doe. Weston. TYPHOONS. "The thermal efficiency of a CANDU plant is only about 29%" 132.331B. Bibcode:1998Geo.9e21 J + 7. NASA.9e21 J 173. Retrieved 12 December 2011. "a yield of 11 tons of TNT" 121. Calculated: 18.1e17 J 155. Retrieved 9 December 2011. Calculated: 402e9 kWh * 3.4e6 tonnes of oil equivalent * 42e9 J/tonne of oil equivalent = 5.. Retrieved 10 December 2011.26e10 J 125. National Earthquake Information Center. "581 gallons of gasoline" 123. The World Factbook. "200 Mile-Per-Gallon Cars?".eia.600e6 J/kWh = 1. Retrieved 12 December 2011. EIA International Energy Outlook 2007.60e6 J/kWh = 1.9e21 J 172. 177. "International Space Station: The ISS to Date".S. "Statistical Review of World Energy 2011" (PDF).iaea.v² = 1/2 * 417000 kg * (7700m/s)² = 1.com/liveassets/bp_internet/aviation/air_bp/STAGING/local_assets/downloads_pdfs/a/air_bp_products_handbook_04004_1. "A330-300 Dimensions & key data".27e14 m^2 * 1370 W/m^2 * 86400 s/day = 1. International Energy Generation (http://www.66e-27 amu/kg) = 8.15 MJ/kg = 3. Calculated: 12002. "United States". CIA.html) 170. Calculated: 1e6 Watts * 86400 seconds/day = 8. "97530 litres" 128.. "USGS Energy and Broadband Solution". R. Columbia University Press. CIA. Retrieved 9 December 2011. "320. AND TROPICAL CYCLONES.8 thousand million tonnes" => 188.. Calculated: 1.25×1019×0. Calculated: 3.16e17 J 156. NOAA. Airbus. "fuel burnup in a CANDU is only 6500 to 7500 MWd per metric ton uranium" 133. "21 kt" 142." 157.org/NewsCenter/News/2006/uranium_resources. 144.3e13 J of burnup energy. ISBN 0-231-06667-8. 145. 125 million joules of energy" 124. The World Factbook. "USGS.html) 168.5e24 J .998e8 m/s)^2 = 8.38e12 J 130.184e9 J/ton of TNT-equivalent = 4.eia. Calculated: 11 tons of TNT-equivalent * 4.2e3 J/gram TNT-equivalent = 6.. The Earth has a cross section of 1. Calculated: 320. 153. 139.274×1014 square meters and the solar constant is 1361 watts per square meter.6e10 J 126.8e12 kWh * 3. Global Uranium Resource (http://www.8e12 J 134. 154.60e6 J/kWh = 6.pdf 129.423e19 J 162. Energy Conversion. Calculated: 3. Retrieved 4 November 2011. Paull. "183. Calculated: 15 kt = 15e9 grams of TNT-equivalent * 4. 166. "Top 10 Biggest Explosions". "The Soviet Weapons Program – The Tsar Bomba".025 million tonnes of oil equivalent/billion cubic feet * 1e6 tonnes of oil equivalent/million tonnes of oil equivalent * 42e9 J/tonne of oil equivalent = 6.95e12 kWh * 3.953e12 kWh * 3. Retrieved 9 December 2011. Convert billion kilowatt-hours to joules then: 6.co. Retrieved 4 November 2011. FAQ : HURRICANES. Retrieved 12 December 2011. Charles K.9e21 J + 2. Calculated: 7500e6 Watt-days/tonne * (0. Calculated: 3. Mark Leckie (April 1998). 26 December 2004. COSMOS. "747 Classics Technical Specs". Calculated: 115. Calculated: 3. 146.99e16 J 151.0e20 J 167. Retrieved 10 December 2011. p.. Retrieved 4 November 2011. "Chapter 10. US Geological Survey. 163.347e19 J 160. (http://www.4e17 J 158. Calculated: E = 1/2 m. "Emission Facts: Average Annual Emissions and Fuel Consumption for Passenger Cars and Light Trucks". at today's prices is sufficient for 85 years. Boeing. U. European Space Agency.3.5 tonne of oil equivalent / tonne of coal) * 42e9 J/tonne of oil equivalent = 2. "a gallon of gas . "How much energy does a hurricane release?".41e19 J 164. Calculated: 183380 liters * 0. Airbus. "The Cretaceous–Tertiary boundary cocktail: Chicxulub impact triggers margin collapse and extensive sediment gravity flows" (PDF). Energy Outlook 2007 shows 15. "Conversion from kg to J". USA. Retrieved 13 December 2011.000 L" 137.8e9 tonnes of oil * 42e9 J/tonne of oil = 7.

"Conversion from kg to J". "the Earth takes 23. E. et al..... S. NASA.. Mueller. 204.9345 hours to rotate" Calculated: E_rotational = 1/2 * I * w^2 = 1/2 * (8. 198.. Galama.. O.. (December 2007).phys.49. "The Milky Way Galaxy". 208. 209.html Retrieved from "https://en. 201. p. A.1126/science. Shappee. you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy.ppt "A Hypernova: The Super-charged Supernova and its link to Gamma-Ray Bursts".. corrected for geometry. Price. N. Eric Weisstein's World of Physics. Imagine the Universe!. additional terms may apply. Retrieved 4 November 2011. Retrieved 5 November 2011.. NIST. Physical Review Letters 116 (6). T. "Conversion from kg to J".. B. NASA. Harrison.349e22 kg. Retrieved 4 November 2011. NASA. doi:10.. By using this site. NIST. (2016).. 194.0630 url= http://iopscience. A. "Fermi’s record breaking gamma-ray burst". Bibcode:2007A&A.. Retrieved 16 December 2011.archive.. (2001). NASA. is narrowly clustered around 5 * 10^50 erg" Calculated: 5e50 erg * 1e-7 J/erg = 5e43 J Khokhlov.il/presentations/Frail_AstroExtreme. Kashibadze. Calculated: KE = 1/2 * m * v^2. 188. A. "Moon Fact Sheet". et al. A.845e28 J. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation. Reichart.1e29 J Calculated: 3. v = 1. Rhett.061102. A..1007/s10511-006-0002-6. Astronomy and Astrophysics 476 (2): 697–711. at 20:52.S. J. a non-profit organization.. Cosmicopia. Goodrich. reprinted in New York: Dover). W. Thompson. . 189.711×10^32 J" http://www. I. Retrieved 9 December 2011. Abbott. Astrophysical Formulae (Berlin: Springer Verlag). ◾ Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License.0690 url= http://tsvi. "Beaming in Gamma-Ray Bursts: Evidence for a Standard Energy Reservoir" (PDF). 182.php?title=Orders_of_magnitude_(energy)&oldid=709745755" Categories: Energy Units of energy Orders of magnitude ◾ This page was last modified on 12 March 2016. NIST. "Variable Density Method: the Earth's gravitational binding energy is −1.nasa. Retrieved 4 November 2011. D.wikipedia..476. G. J. A. Berger. Solar System Exploration.3e31 J "Earth's Gravitational Binding Energy".. eqs.1086/338119. K.html Jim Brau.gov/docs/ask_astro/answers/980211b. 211. . "the gamma-ray energy release. "Masses of the local group and of the M81 group estimated from distortions in the local velocity field". Chandrasekhar.2900 url= http://arxiv. 90–92... T.223K. An Introduction to the Study of Stellar Structure (Chicago: U. The Astrophysical Journal 562: L55. Mueller. 206.. A.270.03010. "Light curves of Type IA supernova models with different explosion mechanisms". "Rotational energy of the Earth as an energy source". W. doi:10.org/abs/1003. 185. Morphology".697E. J. Sari. C.org/1538-4357/625/1/L9/fulltext/19121. 272 Frail. 1939. B.org/w/index. Retrieved 4 November 2011. Retrieved 15 October 2011. doi:10. Retrieved 4 November 2011. "Moment of Inertia—Earth".huji. 181.org/web/20140819120709/http://imagine.. 197.ac. E. "ASASSN-15lh: A highly super-luminous supernova".. url= http://arxiv. T.1051/0004-6361:20078037.uwgb. L.... 202. 212.023e3 m/s)^2 = 3. S.org/abs/1103. Retrieved 5 November 2011.. arXiv:0706. 1980. Science Blogs. Z. Yost. 210.8e26 J/s * 86400 s/day * 365. 186.iop.55F. Astronomy and Astrophysics 270 (1–2): 223–248. Einasto. M. NIST. "Ask Us: Sun: Amount of Energy the Earth Gets from the Sun".edu/DutchS/pseudosc/flipaxis. Bibcode:2001ApJ. Retrieved 19 March 2012. 193. 207. doi:10.25 days/year = 1. P.2e34 J "Earth: Facts & Figures". "Conversion from kg to J".htm Calculated: 3. 187. Chaffee.org/abs/1004. NASA. S. https://web. R. Bibcode:2006Ap. Diercks..pdf url= http://fermi. 180..text. (January 15.aac9613. arXiv:astro-ph/0102282. Science 351 (6270): 257–260.dotphysics. m = 7... Kulkarni. 213. G. Karachentsev. R. "With a power about 100 times that of the already astonishingly powerful "typical" supernova" "Sun Fact Sheet". Hoeflich. I. 191. 195. Inc. Hoeflich (1993).023e3 m/s.179. 200. arXiv:1507. S.. W.. Holoien. (2006).gsfc.. S. "Observation of Gravitational Waves from a Binary Black Hole Merger". 184. KE = 1/2 * (7. D.gov/science/mtgs/grb2010/tue/Dale_Frail. 190. K.gsfc. D. 51 (Dover edition) Lang. B. Djorgovski... Morrell. F. 196. 192. Stanek.org/abs/0905. Bibcode:1993A&A. Thompson. 2016).. P. Dong. S.1122. S. S. "Conversion from kg to J". Jha.0e37 kg m^2) * (2*pi/(23.9345 hour period * 3600 seconds/hour))^2 = 2.nasa. url= http://arxiv. 203.. 183..562L. "The richest superclusters.3K...3885 url= http://arxiv. Retrieved 29 September 2011. Allain. 205.8e26 J/s * 86400 s/day = 3. E. Prieto. R. I. Kochanek... F. p. Retrieved 4 November 2011. R. of Chicago...116. J.349e22 kg) * (1..1103/PhysRevLett. et al. Bloom. 199. section 9. doi:10. Astrophysics 49 (1): 3–18.