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INTERACTIVE SCHEMATIC

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Cover Page
Tables
Component
Connector

Schematic
Machine Views
Chassis View
Cab View
Engine View

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EC-C2
EC-C3

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E-C61

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VIEW ALL CALLOUTS


EC-C1

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underlined. These are hyperlinks
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When only one callout is showing on a


machine view, clicking on this button will
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ELECTRICAL SYMBOLS

HOTKEYS (Keyboard Shortcuts)

BASIC HYDRAULIC
COMPONENT SYMBOLS

FUNCTION
Zoom In
Zoom Out
Fit to Page
Hand Tool
Find

KEYS
CTRL / +
CTRL / -
CTRL / 0 (zero)
SPACEBAR (hold down)
CTRL / F

Pressure
Switch

Temperature
Switch

Level
Switch

Flow
Switch

Circuit Breaker

Click here to view the


Schematic Symbols
and Definitions page

Pump
or Motor

Variability

Fluid
Conditioner

Spring
(Adjustable)

SCHEMATIC SYMBOLS AND DEFINITIONS


INTERNAL PASSAGEWAYS

VALVES

ENVELOPES

Two Position

One Position

Three Position

PORTS

Two-way

Three-Way

FLOW IN ONE
DIRECTION

FLOW ALLOWED IN
EITHER DIRECTION

Infinite
Positioning

Two
Position

PARALLEL
FLOW

PUMPS

Unidirectional

Three
Position

Unidirectional

CONTROL
AB

AB

P T

P T

Single Acting

Spring
Loaded

Fluid
Conditioner

Spring
(Adjustable)

Spring

Pressure
Compensation

Control
Valves

Line Restriction
(Variable)

Restriction

Line Restriction
(Fixed)

Line Restriction
Variable and Pressure
Compensated

2-Section
Pump

Attachment

Pump: Variable and


Pressure Compensated

Bidirectional

MOTORS

Double Acting

Infinite Position

CHECK

Basic
Symbol

Variability

FIXED DISPLACEMENT

Shifted Position

Normal Position

Pump
or Motor

Bidirectional

VARIABLE DISPLACEMENT
NON- COMPENSATED

CYLINDERS

Four-Way

BASIC HYDRAULIC
COMPONENT SYMBOLS

FIXED DISPLACEMENT

CROSS
FLOW

ACCUMULATORS

Shuttle

Unidirectional

VARIABLE DISPLACEMENT
NON- COMPENSATED

Pilot
Controlled

Spring Loaded Gas Charged

Unidirectional

PILOT CONTROL

Bidirectional

ROTATING SHAFTS

RELEASED PRESSURE

External Return

Bidirectional

Unidirectional

Internal Return

Bidirectional

REMOTE SUPPLY PRESSURE

Simplified

Complete

Internal
Supply Pressure

Hydraulic Pneumatic
Energy Triangles

COMBINATION CONTROLS

Solenoid

Solenoid
or Manual

Solenoid
and Pilot

Solenoid and
Pilot or Manual

MEASUREMENT

LINES

Servo

Thermal

Detent

Crossing

Joining

Manual Shutoff

General Manual

Push Button

Pedal

Spring

Vented

Pressurized

Transducer
(Fluid)

Transducer
(Gas / Air)

Generator

Electric
Motor

Flow

Return Above Fluid Level

Return Below Fluid Level

ELECTRICAL SYMBOLS

HYDRAULIC SYMBOLS - ELECTRICAL


G

Temperature

Pressure

FLUID STORAGE RESERVOIRS

MANUAL CONTROL

Push-pull Lever

MAIN AUX.

Pressure
Switch

Pressure Switch
(Adjustable)

Temperature
Switch

Electrical
Wire

Pressure
Switch

Temperature
Switch

BASIC ELECTRICAL COMPONENT SYMBOLS

Level
Switch

Flow
Switch

Circuit Breaker

HARNESS AND WIRE SYMBOLS


Wire, Cable, or Harness Assembly Identification:
Includes Harness Identification Letters and Harness
Connector Serialization Codes (see sample).

Fuse: A component in an electrical circuit that will open the circuit if too much current flows through it.
Switch (Normally Open): A switch that will close at a specified point (temp, press, etc.). The circle indicates
that the component has screw terminals and a wire can be disconnected from it.
Switch (Normally Closed): A switch that will open at a specified point (temp, press, etc.).
No circle indicates that the wire cannot be disconnected from the component.

AG-C4
111-7898
Part Number: for
Connector Plug

L-C12
3E-5179

Ground (Wired): This indicates that the component is connected to a grounded wire.
The grounded wire is fastened to the machine.

Receptacle
Pin or Socket Number

Plug

Ground (Case): This indicates that the component does not have a wire connected to ground.
It is grounded by being fastened to the machine.

Harness Identification Letter(s): (A, B, C, AA, AB, AC, ...)


Harness Connector Serialization Code: The "C" stands for
"Connector" and the number indicates which connector in the
harness (C1, C2, C3, ...)

Reed Switch: A switch whose contacts are controlled by a magnet. A magnet closes the contacts of
a normally open reed switch; it opens the contacts of a normally closed reed switch.

Sender: A component that is used with a temperature or pressure gauge.


The sender measures the temperature or pressure.
Its resistance changes to give an indication to the gauge of the temperature or pressure.
Relay (Magnetic Switch): A relay is an electrical component that is activated by electricity.
It has a coil that makes an electromagnet when current flows through it.
The electromagnet can open or close the switch part of the relay.
Solenoid: A solenoid is an electrical component that is activated by electricity.
It has a coil that makes an electromagnet when current flows through it.
The electromagnet can open or close a valve or move a piece of metal that can do work.
Magnetic Latch Solenoid: An electrical component that is activated by electricity and held latched by a
permanent magnet. It has two coils (latch and unlatch) that make electromagnet
when current flows through them. It also has an internal switch that places
the latch coil circuit open at the time the coil latches.

L-C12
3E-5179
5A
Fuse (5 Amps)

Harness identification code:


This example indicates wire group 325,
wire 135 in harness "AG".

9X-1123

Component
Part Number

325-AG135 PK-14
Wire Gauge
Wire Color

1
2

Deutsch connector: Typical representation


of a Deutsch connector. The plug contains all
sockets and the receptacle contains all pins.

1
2

Sure-Seal connector: Typical representation


of a Sure-Seal connector. The plug and receptacle
contain both pins and sockets.

RENR6482-04
March 2013

416E, 422E, and 428E Backhoe Loader


Hydraulic System
416E:
SHA1-UP
CBD1-UP

422E:
HBE1-UP

428E:
SNL1-UP

416E (Single Tilt Center Pivot)


422E (Single Tilt Sideshift)
428E (Parallel Lift Sideshift)
2013 Caterpillar, All Rights Reserved

Printed in U.S.A.

COMPONENT LOCATION
Page 1 of 2
Machine
Location

Schematic
Location

Part
Number

Description
416E

422E

428E

C-7

ACCUMULATOR GP - RIDE CONTROL

345-3672

B-1

COOLER - TRANSMISSION HYDRAULIC OIL

214-2202

F-2

CYLINDER GP - BACKHOE BUCKET

210-7086

F-3

F-1

C-7

CYLINDER GP - BACKHOE BUCKET (WITH SENSOR)

210-7074

CYLINDER GP - BOOM
CYLINDER GP - BOOM (WITH SENSOR)

N/A

210-7085

N/A

246-9885

210-7098

CYLINDER GP - EXTENDABLE STICK

N/A

CYLINDER GP - EXTENDABLE STICK (WITH SENSOR)

210-7097

CYLINDER GP - LIFT (LH)

215-7298 215-7298

N/A

N/A

214-9373

B-7

CYLINDER GP - LIFT (RH)

A-7

CYLINDER GP - MULTIPURPOSE BUCKET (LH)

185-1839

A-7

CYLINDER GP - MULTIPURPOSE BUCKET (RH)

185-1839

10

F-6

CYLINDER GP - STABILIZER (LH)

291-2681

173-4565

11

F-6

CYLINDER GP - STABILIZER (RH)

291-2682

173-4565

12

A-3

CYLINDER GP - STEERING

13

F-2

214-5097

CYLINDER GP - STICK

210-7078

CYLINDER GP - STICK (WITH SENSOR)

210-7077

14

F-3

CYLINDER GP - SWING (LH)

15

F-3

CYLINDER GP - SWING (RH)

16

B-7

CYLINDER GP - TILT

17

B-7

18
19

210-7080
N/A
269-0381
279-5556

269-0381
206-3553

N/A

CYLINDER GP - TILT (LH)

N/A

192-3884

B-7

CYLINDER GP - TILT (RH)

N/A

192-3884

B-1

FILTER GP - OIL

20

D-5

MANIFOLD GP - CONTROL (BACKHOE)

259-6742

N/A

21

D-7

MANIFOLD GP - CONTROL (BACKHOE)

N/A

259-6744

210-6243

22

C-5

MANIFOLD GP - CONTROL (LOADER)

259-6745

23

C-5

MANIFOLD GP - CONTROL (LOADER)

N/A

24

C-7

MANIFOLD GP - RIDE CONTROL

245-8780

25

B-4

PUMP GP - METERING

247-7868

26

C-2

PUMP GP - PISTON (IMPLEMENT AND STEERING)

296-6714

27

C-7

SWITCH AS - PRESSURE (RIDE CONTROL)

304-5696

28

A-3

TANK GP - HYDRAULIC

245-8777

29

E-5

30

E-5

N/A
259-6743

VALVE GP - BANK (BACKHOE) (6 BANK)

248-0483

N/A

VALVE GP - BANK (BACKHOE) (7 BANK)

248-0484

N/A

VALVE GP - BANK (BACKHOE) (8 BANK)

248-0485

N/A

VALVE GP - BANK (BACKHOE) (6 BANK)

N/A

248-0486

VALVE GP - BANK (BACKHOE) (7 BANK)

N/A

248-0487

VALVE GP - BANK (BACKHOE) (8 BANK)

N/A

248-0488

COMPONENT LOCATION
Page 2 of 2
Machine
Location

Schematic
Location

Part
Number

Description
416E

422E

VALVE GP - BANK (LOADER) (2 BANK)

248-0481

N/A

VALVE GP - BANK (LOADER) (3 BANK)

248-0482

N/A

VALVE GP - BANK (LOADER) (2 BANK)

N/A

247-9655

VALVE GP - BANK (LOADER) (3 BANK)

N/A

247-9656

31

A-5

32

A-5

33

A-5

VALVE GP - CONTROL (AUXILIARY) (LOADER)

259-6729

34

E-4

VALVE GP - CONTROL (AUXILIARY) (BACKHOE)

259-6733

35

E-4

VALVE GP - CONTROL (BOOM)

259-6739

36

D-2

VALVE GP - CONTROL (BUCKET)

259-6737

37

D-1

VALVE GP - CONTROL (EXTENDABLE STICK)

259-6734

38

C-5

VALVE GP - CONTROL (LIFT)

259-6732

39

D-5

VALVE GP - CONTROL (STABILIZER) (LH)

259-6746

40

D-6

VALVE GP - CONTROL (STABILIZER) (RH)

259-6746

41

D-2

VALVE GP - CONTROL (STICK) (6 BANK)

259-6736

VALVE GP - CONTROL (STICK) (7, 8 BANK)

259-6735

42

D-3

VALVE GP - CONTROL (SWING)

259-6738

43

B-5

44

B-5

45

D-6

428E

N/A

VALVE GP - CONTROL (TILT) (2 BANK)

259-6731

VALVE GP - CONTROL (TILT) (3 BANK)

259-6730

N/A

VALVE GP - CONTROL (TILT) (2 BANK)

N/A

259-6740

VALVE GP - CONTROL (TILT) (3 BANK)

N/A

259-6741

VALVE GP - SHUTTLE

8J-6875

TAP LOCATION
Tap
Number

Schematic
Location

Description

T1
T2

C-2

STEERING AND IMPLEMENT PUMP DISCHARGE

C-2

LOAD SENSING

SOS

B-1

OIL SAMPLING

(15) CYLINDER GP
SWING (RH)
269-0381 (416E)
279-5556 (422E, 428E)

(3) CYLINDER GP
BACKHOE BUCKET
(14) CYLINDER GP
210-7086 (ALL)
SWING (LH) 210-7085 (416E WITH CYLINDER
269-0381
POSITION SENSOR)

(4) CYLINDER GP
BOOM
210-7074 (ALL)
246-9885 (416E WITH CYLINDER
POSITION SENSOR)
(11) CYLINDER GP
STABILIZER (RH)
291-2681 (416E)
173-4565 (422E, 428E)

(10) CYLINDER GP
STABILIZER (LH)
291-2682 (416E)
173-4565 (422E, 428E)
(29) VALVE GP
BANK (BACKHOE)
248-0483 (6 BANK)
248-0484 (7 BANK)
248-0485 (8 BANK)
(416E)

422E, 428E

(30) VALVE GP
BANK (BACKHOE)
248-0486 (6 BANK)
248-0487 (7 BANK)
248-0488 (8 BANK)
(422E, 428E)
A

(34) VALVE GP
CONTROL
(AUXILIARY) (BACKHOE)
259-6733

1
(13) CYLINDER GP
STICK
210-7077 (416E WITH CYLINDER
(5) CYLINDER GP
POSITION SENSOR)
EXTENDABLE STICK
210-7078 (416E WITHOUT SENSOR)
210-7098 (ALL)
210-7080 (422E, 428E)
210-7097 (416E WITH CYLINDER
POSITION SENSOR)

(35) VALVE GP
CONTROL (BOOM)
259-6739

416E
STABILIZER
RH

STABILIZER
LH

R
P

BOOM

BUCKET

STICK

L
E
F

(40) VALVE GP
CONTROL (STABILIZER) (RH)
259-6746

D
(21) MANIFOLD GP
CONTROL (BACKHOE)
259-6744
(422E, 428E)

(45) VALVE GP
SHUTTLE
8J-6875

(39) VALVE GP
CONTROL
(STABILIZER) (LH)
259-6746

AUXILIARY

EXTENDABLE
STICK

G
K

(20) MANIFOLD GP
CONTROL (BACKHOE)
259-6742
(416E)

(42) VALVE GP
CONTROL (SWING)
259-6738

(22) MANIFOLD GP
CONTROL (LOADER)
259-6745
(416E, 422E)
(23) MANIFOLD GP
CONTROL (LOADER)
259-6743
(428E)

(1) ACCUMULATOR GP
RIDE CONTROL
345-3672
(27) SWITCH AS
PRESSURE (RIDE CONTROL)
304-5696

SWING

(24) MANIFOLD GP
RIDE CONTROL
245-8780
(6) CYLINDER GP
LIFT (LH)
215-7298 (416E)
215-7298 (422E)

(36) VALVE GP
CONTROL (BUCKET)
259-6737

T1

(26) PUMP GP
PISTON (IMPLEMENT
AND STEERING)
296-6714

(41) VALVE GP
CONTROL (STICK)
259-6736 (6 BANK)
259-6735 (7, 8 BANK)

(37) VALVE GP
CONTROL
(EXTENDABLE STICK)
259-6734

T2
C

(25) PUMP GP
METERING
247-7868

(38) VALVE GP
CONTROL (LIFT)
259-6732

LIFT

(7) CYLINDER GP
LIFT (RH)
214-9373
(428E)
(17) CYLINDER GP
TILT (LH)
192-3884
(428E)

SOS
(19) FILTER GP
OIL
210-6243

(43) VALVE GP
CONTROL (TILT)
259-6730 (3 BANK)
259-6731 (2 BANK)
(416E, 422E)

B
(16) CYLINDER GP
TILT
206-3553
(416E, 422E)

TILT

(18) CYLINDER GP
TILT (RH)
192-3884
(428E)
(8) CYLINDER GP
MULTIPURPOSE
BUCKET (LH)
185-1839

(44) VALVE GP
CONTROL (TILT)
259-6740 (2 BANK)
259-6741 (3 BANK)
(428E)

(2) COOLER
TRANSMISSION HYDRAULIC OIL
214-2202

LINE PATTERNS

(33) VALVE GP
CONTROL
(AUXILIARY) (LOADER)
259-6729

HYDRAULIC CIRCUIT COLOR DESCRIPTIONS


MAIN PUMP OUTPUT
LIFT CYLINDER CIRCUIT
BUCKET CYLINDER CIRCUIT
LOAD SENSE CIRCUIT
STEERING CIRCUIT
STICK CYLINDER CIRCUIT
SUPPLY LINE
BOOM CYLINDER CIRCUIT
TILT CYLINDER CIRCUIT
EXTENDABLE STICK CYLINDER CIRCUIT
MULTIPURPOSE BUCKET CYLINDER CIRCUIT
DRAIN / RETURN LINE
SIDESHIFT CIRCUIT
SWING CYLINDER CIRCUIT
LOAD SENSE RELIEF CIRCUIT
STABILIZER CYLINDER CIRCUIT
AUXILIARY CIRCUIT

(12) CYLINDER GP
STEERING
214-5097

AUXILIARY

(31) VALVE GP
BANK (LOADER)
248-0481 (2 BANK)
248-0482 (3 BANK)
(416E, 422E)

A
(9) CYLINDER GP
MULTIPURPOSE BUCKET (RH)
185-1839

(28) TANK GP
HYDRAULIC
245-8777

(32) VALVE GP
BANK (LOADER)
247-9655 (2 BANK)
247-9656 (3 BANK)
(428E)

Pressure Line
Pilot / Load Sensing Pressure
Drain / Return Lines
Component Group
Attachment
Air Line

CALLOUTS
Taps (Pressure, Sampling, Sensor - by letter)

YY

THIS SCHEMATIC IS FOR THE 416E, 422E, and 428E BACKHOE LOADER
MEDIA NUMBER: RENR6482-04
PART NUMBER: 225-6836, CHANGE: 06, VERSION: Components are shown installed on a fully operable machine.
Refer to the appropriate Service Manual for Troubleshooting, Specifications.

MACHINE COMPONENT LOCATIONS


VIEW ALL CALLOUTS

14

3
3

13

31

19

10

15

29 30

11

29

30

24

45 26

27

28

25

26

13

32

45

19

16

18

28

31

32

24

27

17

12

9
2

25

12

BACKHOE VALVE
VIEW ALL CALLOUTS

(29/30) Backhoe Valve

The 416E, 422E, and 428E


machines are equipped with a
mechanically controlled backhoe valve that is visible with
the floor plate at the rear of
the cab removed.

37

41 36 42

35 34

20

21
39

40

IMPLEMENT AND STEERING PUMP


VIEW ALL CALLOUTS

T2

T2
The pump is located below the cab
floor plate. The pump control valve is
mounted on top of the pump and
contains a flow compensator spool
and pressure cutoff spool. The
implement and steering pump supplies oil flow to the loader valve
group, backhoe valve group, and
steering system.

26

SOS

19

26
T1
T2
T1

28

These illustration shows the implement and steering


pump out of the machine. The following components are
visible:
Load Sensing pressure tap (T2), Pump Discharge pressure tap (T1), Hydraulic Oil Tank (28), Oil Sampling port
(SOS), and Hydraulic Oil Filter (19)

LOADER VALVE
VIEW ALL CALLOUTS

SOS

19
26

33
(31/32) Loader Valve

43

44

38
22
23

The 416E, 422E, and 428E machines are


equipped with a mechanically controlled
loader valve.

RIDE CONTROL
VIEW ALL CALLOUTS

27

24