RELATED LITERATURES FOR THE

TOPIC:
“ALTERNATIVE
EDUCATION:
Addressing the Diverse Needs of
Learners”

Alternative Learning System
What is Alternative Learning System or ALS?
It is a parallel learning system in the Philippines that provides a
practical option to the existing formal instruction. When one does
not have or cannot access formal education in schools, ALS is an
alternate or substitute. ALS includes both the non-formal and
informal sources of knowledge and skills.

Why is there a need for Alternative Learning
System in the Philippines?
Many Filipinos do not have a chance to attend and finish formal
basic education (Grades 1-6 and Year 1-4) due to many reasons.
Some drop out from schools while some do not have schools in
their communities. Since every Filipino has a right to free basic
education, the Government establishes ALS to provide all Filipinos

Both programs are modular and flexible. The Governance Act for Basic Education otherwise known as the Republic Act 9155 stipulates the establishment of the Alternative Learning System (ALS) to provide out-of-school children. depending on the convenience and availability of the learners. One is the Basic Literacy Program and the other is the Continuing Education Program Accreditation and Equivalency (A&E). independent and out-of-school study programs particularly those that respond to community needs. .the chance to have access to and complete basic education in a mode that fits their distinct situations and needs. What is the basis of ALS implementation in the Philippines? The 1987 Philippine Constitution provides for the recognition and promotion of other forms of education other than formal education. maintain and support a complete. Paragraph (1) declares that the State shall establish. youth and adults population with basic education. and paragraph (4) concisely encourages nonformal. This means that learning can take place anytime and any place. informal and indigenous learning systems as well as selflearning. How does ALS work? There are two major programs on ALS that are being implemented by the Department of Education. adequate and integrated system of education relevant to the needs of the people and society. through the Bureau of Alternative Learning System (BALS). Article XIV. Section 2.

managed by trained formal school teachers. managed by ALS learning facilitators. barangay multi-purpose hall. district ALS Coordinators.ph/als . instructional managers at an agreed schedule and venue between the learners and facilitators. libraries or at home. community-based. ALS Non-formal Education happens outside the classroom.deped. such as mobile teachers. http://www.gov.What is the difference between the Formal Education System and the Alternative Learning System (ALS) Non-formal Education? Formal Education system is classroom-based. usually conducted at community learning centers.

the students will take the Accreditation and Equivalency Test (AET). they will be given a high school diploma and can now enroll in college. There are two ways in which you can take the Alternative Learning System. How does it work In ALS. and expanding one’s world vision.Philippine Alternative Learning System (ALS) for drop-outs and out of school youth The Alternative Learning System (ALS) is a free education program implemented by the Department of Education (DepEd) under the Bureau of Alternative Learning System which benefits those who cannot afford formal schooling and follows whatever is their available schedule. Manny Pacquiao took and passed the (AET) under the ALS program. A quiz is given after each module to test their learning. “I have learners who are maids. The latter is called the eSkwela project . He was presented a high school diploma. students come in on a set time and choose a module to read. After getting a certificate upon passing. fishermen. For more information about the latter: click here . sustainable use of resources and productivity. The program provides a viable alternative to the existing formal education instruction. critical thinking and problem solving. Since ALS is a module-based learning system. They learn according to their need and speed. so the eSkwela for elementary school solely is not yet available.” In fact. they do not even have to go to class five times a week to finish high school. . facilitators are always present to answer any questions and sometimes lecturers would discuss a certain module. The eSkwela has five main learning strands: Communication skills. A teacher –called facilitator – helps students navigate the digital modules and monitors his/her progress to determine if the learner is ready for the A&E. through the modules (and just months of classroom preparation for the test?) and through the Internet (with also just months of classroom with the computers as preparation for the test). Instead of teachers. making eligible to pursue college. and a saleslady. development of self and a sense of community. After several months. students have to attend 10 months of school or 800 hours in the classroom. the students have the option to enroll in ALS again or go to a college. encompassing both the non-formal and informal sources of knowledge and skills. and babysitters. If they pass the test. Participants of eSkwela just sit in front of a computer for about three hours a week. Then their performance are then assessed.the computer-based way of taking the ALS . Each student in every session uses a computer loaded with digital modules with videos and animation.but I've read that there are no elementary e-modules yet.

which will assess the actual level of education you have acquired. 4. 5. On the other hand. Once he was at the Center. if you are younger than 15 years. a certification from the school you last attended (if you previously went to school) that you were unable to complete the secondary level. module guides. an eSkwela learning facilitator. was generous enough to provide him not only a copy of the CD but also a walk-through on how ALS sessions are conducted there. How do I qualify for a learner slot at an eSkwela Center? You should be able to meet the same set requirements required in the print module version of ALS: · You should be at least 15 years old. and learner-centered. The difference mainly lies in the mode of ALS delivery. you are encouraged to complete your secondary education through the formal education system (private/public high school). life skills approach). Angelyn Malabanan. However. the learner will be given an A&E certificate of completion. and its Accreditation & Equivalency (A&E) program? http://eskwela. What level of Accreditation & Equivalency (A&E) is currently being offered at the eSkwela Centers? Currently. projectbased. at an eSkwela Center.Posted by Blogger at 9:20 PM 43 comments: Labels: Philippine Alternative Learning System (ALS). 2. 3. Learners from both delivery modes (traditional ALS and eSkwela) may aspire to take the A&E exam. they uphold the same set of learning ideals (learning that is self-paced. computers. albeit with a technological twist. upon passing this exam. ICTs (electronic modules. eSkwela is not separate from DepED-ALS.com/eSkwela+FAQs+%28for+learner+applicants %29 Get a copy of the CD to do self learning at home where he can get a copy of the CD. Internet/World Wide Web) are utilized to deliver ALS. the eSkwela Center will have you take a Functional Literacy Test (FLT). Is eSkwela separate from DepED’s Alternative Learning System (ALS). print modules are used in the traditional ALS.wikispaces. · You should be ready with the required documents: your birth certificate. The elementary A&E will be offered soon after the elementary e-modules are developed. Learning Management System. equivalent to a high school diploma. Am I automatically accepted as an eSkwela learner if I already completed my elementary education? Your chances of acceptance as an eSkwela learner could be higher if you have already completed your . Philippine eSkwela project eSkwela Frequently Asked Questions For out-of-school youth and adults interested to complete their secondary education (Accreditation and Equivalency) through eSkwela 1. Is there a test I have to take in order to qualify as an eSkwela learner? Yes. secondary A&E (A&E at the secondary level of education) is initially being offered at the eSkwela Centers. No.

How often should I attend learning sessions at an eSkwela Center? You and an eSkwela learning facilitator will determine your schedule of learning sessions. Apart from your regular expenses (transportation. you are required to observe your learning schedule. the learning period starts in January. four or five-year courses in member schools of the Philippine Association of State Universities and Colleges (PASUC) and others likewise supervised by the Commission on Higher Education (CHED). using the mouse. BUT you will still have to qualify through the FLT.wikispaces. it is not a requirement in order for you to be accepted at eSkwela. the Alternative Learning System Accreditation and Equivalency Test (ALS A&E) offers examiners certification of learning achievements equivalent to the elementary or secondary level of the formal school . three. For most eSkwela Centers. baon) and minimal fees (some eSkwela Centers have prepared eSkwela shirts as the learners’ uniforms and IDs). 10. Is there an enrollment/registration fee at an eSkwela Center? No. Those who pass the elementary level examination will be allowed to proceed to the high school level while those who passed the secondary level may choose to enroll in post-secondary technical and vocational courses. The eSkwela learning sessions are free. you can still inquire at an eSkwela Center anytime for inquiries. Once finalized. thus.com/eSkwela+Centers Posted by Blogger at 9:19 PM No comments: Alternative Learning System Accreditation and Equivalency Test (ALS A&E) Formerly known as the Nonformal Education A&E Test (NFE A&E). The eSkwela facilitators will be giving you remedial sessions on basic computer literacy (particularly basic navigation skills. Another choice is to enroll in two. What are eSkwela locations for school enrollment? http://eskwela. learner selection is usually done from November to December of the previous year. in consideration of your work/job (if you are already employed) and availability.elementary education. When is the best time for me to apply at an eSkwela Center? The best time to apply is the period after learners have taken their A&E exam. 7. and the Internet browser) on your first sessions so you will be able to optimally use the computer for your learning sessions. However. They can also avail of the skills training programs of the Meralco Foundation and those provided by the Technical Education and Skills Development Authority (TESDA). 9. Do I need to know how to use a computer before I can be accepted as an eSkwela learner? Although it is an advantage if you already know how to use a computer. which is being administered every October. 8.

as well as a 30-minute composition writing portion for both.The Accreditation and Equivalency (A&E) Test is designed to provide learners with a range of alternatives to allow continuity in learning outside the formal school system. SSS/GSIS ID. or authenticated birth certificate for school-drop-outs who are not employed and not old enough to acquire the above documents.net/inquirerheadlines/learning/view/20090517-205548/Online-hope-for-highschool-dropouts .net/national/2009/march/20/yehey/prov/20090320pro3. development of self and sense of community.wikispaces. which makes them qualified to enroll in high school for elementary level passers. It also determines the examinees' skills and inclinations.".com/Project+Description Education department introduces alternative systemhttp://www. problem solving and critical thinking. The ALS A&E Test is a national government program that aims to provide an "Education for All. and expanding one's world vision.ALS) 2010 Accreditation and Equivalency (A&E) Examination is set to start on May 3 up to June 15. processing and certification. voter's ID. to wit: original and xerox copies of the following government-issued identification with photo (valid driver's license. sustainable use of resources and productivity. postal ID.manilatimes. It is a free paper and pencil test which is designed to measure the competencies of those who have not finished either the formal elementary or secondary education. Posted by Blogger at 9:16 PM 24 comments: References: The Philippine eSkwela Project: The Establishment of Community e-Learning Centers for the Out-ofSchool Youth and Adults http://eskwela. REGISTRATION FOR THE 2010 ALS A&E EXAM STARTS ON MAY 3 The registration for the Department of Education’s Alternative Learning System (DepED . Passers of this test are given a certificate/diploma certifying their competencies as comparable to graduates of the formal school system. valid passport.” The test is a standardized paper and pencil test. 2010.inquirer. with multiple choice questions for approximately 3 ½ hours for the elementary level and longer by an hour for the high school level. administration. According to Education Secretary Jesli Lapus.html learning Online hope for high school dropouts http://newsinfo. and to enroll in any college course for secondary level passers. It covers the five learning strands: in communication. NBI clearance or barangay certification with photo stating complete name and date of birth of the prospective registrant). The test is free. Qualified registrants must present any of the following documents on the day of the registration. thus no fees are collected during the registration. “Passing the test will pave the way for their re-entry to formal schooling or allow them a chance to pursue other productive endeavors.

deped.ph/index10.judiciary.gov.php? doctype=Executive%20Orders&docid=0368d70a693860b49058b311ac513dba455a487d5159a .alsnet.gov.ph/cpanel/uploads/issuanceImg/A&E%20write%20up.pdf in the Alternative Learning System http://www.Philippine Learning Station http://www.htm For more information about Alternative Learning System Philippines http://www.org/AL.school-survival.net/wiki/Philippines BUREAU OF ALTERNATIVE LEARNING SYSTEM http://elibrary.

This evolution is envisioned to unfold in three over-lapping stages to enable everyone to obtain school-equivalent competencies and. National government funding is provided to finance the integration of these alternative learning options for the effective acquisition of functional literacy of adults as an essential and routine part of every public. if so desired. 2008 Alternative Learning System: meeting the Philippines’ Education for All (EFA) Agenda Alternative Learning System: Transform existing non-formal and informal learning options into a truly viable alternative learning system yielding more EFA benefits Action: Cost-effective alternative learning options for achieving adult functional literacy in first language. As this stage progresses to cover all those who are functionally illiterate.Maui Salang Technology in Education. Training. MAY 28. are largely unable to meet these educational needs even as effective nonschooling methodologies for meeting these different needs rapidly developed. Thus. school-equivalent credentials through learning processes within as well as outside schools. even in the best of circumstances. private and civil society socio-economic development initiative reaching disadvantaged persons and communities. many non-formal and informal learning options emerged initially as remedial responses to meeting the basic literacy needs of people that the school system had failed to equip with the necessary basic education competencies. it has been increasingly recognized that diverse educational needs of different groups of people in society are both legitimate and urgent to meet. Adult literacy organizations work more closely with organizations already involved in community development and poverty alleviation. second stage interventions have to be implemented that serve the wider population with other educational needs that require learning options in addition to those provided by . Over the years. Research WEDNESDAY. the country now aspires to evolving an alternative learning system (alternative and complementary to schools) that is organized and governed in order to provide choices for learning not just as a remedy for school failure but as an addition even to good schools. Filipino and English are defined and propagated. eLearning. The first and most urgent stage is to make fully functionally literate the core population of adults and youth outside schools who do not yet possess essential functional literacy competencies. Meanwhile. Yet the mainstream public schools.

Second. Public funding made available for ALS programs of various government and private entities should be subject to the policies and guidelines of the proposed ALS reconfigured structure. monitor and evaluate but not necessarily deliver alternative learning interventions for functional literacy of out-of-school youth and adults. strengthened and mandated to serve as the government agency to guide the evolution of the country’s alternative learning system. as well as programs of the private and non-government sectors.e. Among BALS functions should be to promote. and monitor and evaluate adult literacy outcomes among individuals and populations. Programs should then be assessed in . Such an agency for ALS should be able to harmonize and assure the quality of programs by various service providers. Meeting these needs would become the impetus for the emergence and organization of the alternative learning system. as good schools meet the common needs of most children. i. define and set standards for adult literacy programs. Finally. The successful implementation of these two overlapping stages. improve. coherent and organized system for lifelong learning that will include. Such a survey should cover national and local government programs. and for desired competencies that are part of lifelong learning. Two specific strategies in developing the alternative learning system will maximize its contribution to the attainment of EFA goals. the diverse educational needs of various groups in society assumes greater importance and visibility. As the school system improves its efficiency and effectiveness and the large pool of youth and adult illiterates shrinks. the most cost-effective alternative learning interventions for achieving adult functional literacy would be integrated with the wide variety of socio-economic and cultural programs reaching disadvantaged people who are also likely to be educationally disadvantaged. The existing Bureau of Alternative Learning System of DepEd and the Literacy Coordinating Council should be developed. Public funding for basic literacy of out-of-school youth and adults should be allocated in order to integrate adult literacy interventions into the most effective socio-economic programs already reaching many communities of educationally disadvantaged people. the parallel alternative learning system grows and develops to meet the special needs of different groups of children and adults. First. for ethnic minorities and other groups with special educational needs that cannot be met by schools. The specific actions to be undertaken are the following: 1.. a parallel delivery system dedicated to providing alternative learning programs to those who cannot meet their needs through schools would be evolved.good schools. such as differently abled children who can best achieve their learning goals outside schools and children from ethnic communities who want to acquire basic competencies desired by all Filipinos while preserving their own unique ethnic identity and culture. 2. but will extend beyond good elementary and secondary schools. would eventually converge towards a third stage which involve the emergence of a true. This alternative learning system initially focuses on meeting basic education needs of all but eventually serves other education needs even beyond basic competencies. This population includes legitimate minorities. accredit and recognize providers meeting standards. It should also be able to contract with or provide grants to providers of non-formal education. meeting the needs of the functionally illiterate and serving the educational needs of minorities. A survey should be made of socio-economic programs most likely to be reaching communities with high concentration of educationally disadvantaged or illiterates.

among others. 5.terms of their potential for integrating adult literacy interventions such as their current reach among illiterates. Positive examples and promising initiatives in alternative learning should be recognized and given greater appreciation. 4. From Functionally Literate Filipinos: An Educated Nation Philippine Education For All (EFA) 2015 National Action Plan Posted by Maui Salang Dulce at 5:36 PM . The ALS agency should undertake an inventory of available resources in localities foradult literacy interventions outside schools. There are many groups and persons who already recognize the value of non-school options for meeting education needs. teaching materials. They may not readily step up and advocate alternative learning system because of the dominance of schooling in education. Media as an alternative and potent source of informal education should be strengthened. and opportunities available for integrating adult literacy in program operations. level of demand by illiterate potential clients. Available local capacities for high quality non-formal education for adult learners should be promoted among managers and operators of socio-economic programs reaching the poorest households which also likely to have members who are illiterate or educationally disadvantaged. Effort should be made to build and develop a constituency for ALS development. 3. Service providers. Research and development work will be needed to test cost-effective options for delivering high quality and reliable alternative learning. course-ware. The actual form and structure of the delivery system for alternative learning is still not yet clear. and facilities with special usefulness to adult literacy programs should be identified for potential use by various welfare and poverty alleviation programs.

we don’t mean the usual classrooms in schools where formal education takes place. Now.000 mobile teachers all over the country who would go where the students are. Working through startup partner Orange Fix. at the San Carlos Public Market. At the city jail. Edwin Ferrer. Edwin teaches market vendors Math and literacy classes. Meanwhile. Smart and DepEd have developed a mobile application that would digitize the books and other . Smart Communications. 2013 Share 1 Tweet2 Share0 Email0 Share 9 Dr. These mobile teachers are the Department of Education’s answer to the pressing need of making education available beyond the four walls of the classroom to out-ofschool youth and adult learners. Inc. officer-in-charge of the Bureau of Alternative Learning System (BALS) for Region 1 counts the San Carlos City Jail. (Smart) and the DepEd-BALS are working together to make mobile technologies a more pervasive tool to help enhance Philippine education. and by this. Edwin is one of the more than 6.Alternative digital learning goes October 3. Edwin is teaching the inmates basic literacy skills as well as alternative livelihood to give them the chance for a fresh start and become productive citizens once they have served their sentence. They seek to improve the quality of life of Filipinos by raising the level of literacy in target communities such as out-of-school youth and working individuals who have no access to formal classroom learning. he would conduct regular social and recreational sessions like ballroom dancing lessons to keep these retirees active and energized. For the senior citizens of San Carlos City. Edwin and other mobile teachers like him can use mobile technologies. public market and city plaza as places of learning for his students.

Smart department head for community partnerships.” said Darwin Flores. connectivity and content.ph/alternative-learning-goesdigital/#PJG62vHcGeUwG6kO.smart. Read more at http://www. The learner will be awarded Elementary Certificate or Secondary Certificate provided he/she passes the examination. we will be introducing mobile learning for students as well. The materials in the mobile app are integrated under the ALS.teaching materials under the ALS curriculum. anywhere. Through the mobile app.” The tablets that are pre-loaded with the ALS mobile app can be ordered online via www.mb.99 . educators can now access teaching materials anytime. online or offline from their tablets.smart.com. Edwin and the other mobile teachers of DepEd BALS are one step closer towards fulfilling their aspiration of providing inclusive education for all. “In the future. With the ALS mobile app.com. “This collaboration with BALS is part of our mEducation initiatives as we seek not only to enhance learning via mobile technologies but also hope to democratize access to devices. making it easier for mobile teachers to teach their community of learners.ph/Bro/DepEdBAL S.ph/Bro/DepEdBALS<http://www. Alternative learning can now be accredited by the DepEd through its Accreditation and Equivalency Test. The project is part of Smart’s pioneering initiatives in mEducation. The ALS mobile app will be made available for free in affordable mobile devices like tablets bundled with Smart connectivity.com.

out -ofSchool Youths.http://alexckingi. . 2011 Problems In the Implementation of Alternative Learning System in the Philippines Alternative education evolved in 2004 from series of modifications and amendments of laws and orders concerning education. Mayo 21.com/2 011/05/problems-inimplementation-of.blogspot. To differentiate it from Formal education.html Sabado. illiterate adults and special children. this was formulated to provide educational needs of drop-outs.

Plans and mechanics of implementation were created. problems arose in its implementation. Yet in the Alternative Education these competencies were compacted into a school year's curriculum. 2. Is this really enough to cater the services the bureau really need? It is not enough to provide buildings. the students in general have not able to attain an MPS of 75. However. Methods of instructions were designed. With this span of time of learning. Despite the endeavors of the state and Bureau of Alternative Learning System to fully attain its goals. A first year drop- . funds for seminars claimed by ALS people. books. Some Problems Affecting Alternative Learning System 1. Funds 2011 Annual budget of Alternative Learning system is is more than 15 billion pesos which is divided in all ALS schools through out the Philippines. Curriculum There are hundreds or not thousand of competencies in the whole New Secondary School Curriculum which are prescribed to be taken in four years in formal education. may we also consider the financial management of this fund that it might be the reason of its shortage. Funds were also allocated.

2011 only 7 passed the A and E test.In Sadanga Municipality alone.out can finish high school in just few months. Where will those remaning 62 go? 3. Formal teachers stick to their traditional practices of ltting their pupils sit properly like trainee soldiers with their fingers crossed position on top of their desks.Pupils with behavioral problems that can irritate teachers are sent to ALS as Children-At-Risks. What will happen to these persons? Remain undirected unless had apprentice which will help them land jobs. Peace and Order Situations (Ideology) . However.Teachers' Attitudes ALS teachers claim they have more difficult tasks than those in the formal education and vice versa. Its either he or she will return back to learn that compacted curriculum or stop from school. Consequence is he or she wont proceed to higher level of learning. there were 69 enrollees in 2010 . ALS student who cant be able to pass Accreditation and Equivalency Test wont be able to get certificate. 4.

Alternative Learning System is of help in the endeavor of the government to eradicate illiteracy and address unemployment problems. Clients of ALS are education-lacked citizens. In fact most of those helping to maintain our economy or Mga Bagong Bayani working abroad acquired their skills in Alternative Learning System.Peace situations in Mindanao hinder progress or reach of both Formal And Non-Formal Education. 5. They must be aware of their educational needs. Those who provide personal services are products of Alternative Learning System too. For the betterment of Alternative Learning System. Youths who are supposed to be in schools are involved in arm struggle instead of enjoying schooling.They are assets to an organization or institution to achieve their goals. its fund must be increased and . Lack of Coordination Between ALS and the Community Every institution needs the support of both internal and external stakeholders.

Clients must be grouped according to their level of knowledge and not merged as one learning group. The ten-month period of study must be extended. Schools purposely for ALS must be fully established. Curriculum must be modified.managed well. .