RELATED LITERATURES FOR THE

TOPIC:
“ALTERNATIVE
EDUCATION:
Addressing the Diverse Needs of
Learners”

Alternative Learning System
What is Alternative Learning System or ALS?
It is a parallel learning system in the Philippines that provides a
practical option to the existing formal instruction. When one does
not have or cannot access formal education in schools, ALS is an
alternate or substitute. ALS includes both the non-formal and
informal sources of knowledge and skills.

Why is there a need for Alternative Learning
System in the Philippines?
Many Filipinos do not have a chance to attend and finish formal
basic education (Grades 1-6 and Year 1-4) due to many reasons.
Some drop out from schools while some do not have schools in
their communities. Since every Filipino has a right to free basic
education, the Government establishes ALS to provide all Filipinos

through the Bureau of Alternative Learning System (BALS). Both programs are modular and flexible. One is the Basic Literacy Program and the other is the Continuing Education Program Accreditation and Equivalency (A&E). How does ALS work? There are two major programs on ALS that are being implemented by the Department of Education. The Governance Act for Basic Education otherwise known as the Republic Act 9155 stipulates the establishment of the Alternative Learning System (ALS) to provide out-of-school children. depending on the convenience and availability of the learners.the chance to have access to and complete basic education in a mode that fits their distinct situations and needs. maintain and support a complete. youth and adults population with basic education. informal and indigenous learning systems as well as selflearning. adequate and integrated system of education relevant to the needs of the people and society. What is the basis of ALS implementation in the Philippines? The 1987 Philippine Constitution provides for the recognition and promotion of other forms of education other than formal education. This means that learning can take place anytime and any place. Article XIV. and paragraph (4) concisely encourages nonformal. . Paragraph (1) declares that the State shall establish. independent and out-of-school study programs particularly those that respond to community needs. Section 2.

district ALS Coordinators. usually conducted at community learning centers.ph/als . such as mobile teachers. libraries or at home. managed by trained formal school teachers.What is the difference between the Formal Education System and the Alternative Learning System (ALS) Non-formal Education? Formal Education system is classroom-based. managed by ALS learning facilitators. instructional managers at an agreed schedule and venue between the learners and facilitators.deped.gov. http://www. ALS Non-formal Education happens outside the classroom. barangay multi-purpose hall. community-based.

” In fact. the students have the option to enroll in ALS again or go to a college. They learn according to their need and speed. and babysitters. How does it work In ALS. If they pass the test. Instead of teachers. “I have learners who are maids. Each student in every session uses a computer loaded with digital modules with videos and animation. students have to attend 10 months of school or 800 hours in the classroom. The program provides a viable alternative to the existing formal education instruction. Then their performance are then assessed.but I've read that there are no elementary e-modules yet. through the modules (and just months of classroom preparation for the test?) and through the Internet (with also just months of classroom with the computers as preparation for the test). Manny Pacquiao took and passed the (AET) under the ALS program. After getting a certificate upon passing.Philippine Alternative Learning System (ALS) for drop-outs and out of school youth The Alternative Learning System (ALS) is a free education program implemented by the Department of Education (DepEd) under the Bureau of Alternative Learning System which benefits those who cannot afford formal schooling and follows whatever is their available schedule. There are two ways in which you can take the Alternative Learning System. Participants of eSkwela just sit in front of a computer for about three hours a week. After several months. sustainable use of resources and productivity. the students will take the Accreditation and Equivalency Test (AET). students come in on a set time and choose a module to read. . For more information about the latter: click here . they will be given a high school diploma and can now enroll in college. The latter is called the eSkwela project . critical thinking and problem solving. they do not even have to go to class five times a week to finish high school. encompassing both the non-formal and informal sources of knowledge and skills. fishermen. He was presented a high school diploma. and a saleslady. facilitators are always present to answer any questions and sometimes lecturers would discuss a certain module. Since ALS is a module-based learning system. A quiz is given after each module to test their learning. making eligible to pursue college. A teacher –called facilitator – helps students navigate the digital modules and monitors his/her progress to determine if the learner is ready for the A&E. so the eSkwela for elementary school solely is not yet available. development of self and a sense of community. The eSkwela has five main learning strands: Communication skills.the computer-based way of taking the ALS . and expanding one’s world vision.

The elementary A&E will be offered soon after the elementary e-modules are developed. which will assess the actual level of education you have acquired. What level of Accreditation & Equivalency (A&E) is currently being offered at the eSkwela Centers? Currently. Internet/World Wide Web) are utilized to deliver ALS. upon passing this exam. Once he was at the Center. at an eSkwela Center. the learner will be given an A&E certificate of completion. projectbased. Learning Management System. if you are younger than 15 years. Learners from both delivery modes (traditional ALS and eSkwela) may aspire to take the A&E exam. Am I automatically accepted as an eSkwela learner if I already completed my elementary education? Your chances of acceptance as an eSkwela learner could be higher if you have already completed your . print modules are used in the traditional ALS. was generous enough to provide him not only a copy of the CD but also a walk-through on how ALS sessions are conducted there. 4. an eSkwela learning facilitator. life skills approach). and learner-centered. Philippine eSkwela project eSkwela Frequently Asked Questions For out-of-school youth and adults interested to complete their secondary education (Accreditation and Equivalency) through eSkwela 1. equivalent to a high school diploma. · You should be ready with the required documents: your birth certificate.Posted by Blogger at 9:20 PM 43 comments: Labels: Philippine Alternative Learning System (ALS). How do I qualify for a learner slot at an eSkwela Center? You should be able to meet the same set requirements required in the print module version of ALS: · You should be at least 15 years old. No.com/eSkwela+FAQs+%28for+learner+applicants %29 Get a copy of the CD to do self learning at home where he can get a copy of the CD. 5. However. On the other hand. Is eSkwela separate from DepED’s Alternative Learning System (ALS). albeit with a technological twist. Is there a test I have to take in order to qualify as an eSkwela learner? Yes.wikispaces. 2. eSkwela is not separate from DepED-ALS. a certification from the school you last attended (if you previously went to school) that you were unable to complete the secondary level. 3. secondary A&E (A&E at the secondary level of education) is initially being offered at the eSkwela Centers. they uphold the same set of learning ideals (learning that is self-paced. the eSkwela Center will have you take a Functional Literacy Test (FLT). The difference mainly lies in the mode of ALS delivery. ICTs (electronic modules. module guides. you are encouraged to complete your secondary education through the formal education system (private/public high school). computers. Angelyn Malabanan. and its Accreditation & Equivalency (A&E) program? http://eskwela.

com/eSkwela+Centers Posted by Blogger at 9:19 PM No comments: Alternative Learning System Accreditation and Equivalency Test (ALS A&E) Formerly known as the Nonformal Education A&E Test (NFE A&E).wikispaces. the Alternative Learning System Accreditation and Equivalency Test (ALS A&E) offers examiners certification of learning achievements equivalent to the elementary or secondary level of the formal school . How often should I attend learning sessions at an eSkwela Center? You and an eSkwela learning facilitator will determine your schedule of learning sessions.elementary education. you can still inquire at an eSkwela Center anytime for inquiries. baon) and minimal fees (some eSkwela Centers have prepared eSkwela shirts as the learners’ uniforms and IDs). learner selection is usually done from November to December of the previous year. Do I need to know how to use a computer before I can be accepted as an eSkwela learner? Although it is an advantage if you already know how to use a computer. it is not a requirement in order for you to be accepted at eSkwela. For most eSkwela Centers. Once finalized. Apart from your regular expenses (transportation. using the mouse. Those who pass the elementary level examination will be allowed to proceed to the high school level while those who passed the secondary level may choose to enroll in post-secondary technical and vocational courses. 7. 8. The eSkwela facilitators will be giving you remedial sessions on basic computer literacy (particularly basic navigation skills. However. The eSkwela learning sessions are free. Is there an enrollment/registration fee at an eSkwela Center? No. 10. thus. the learning period starts in January. you are required to observe your learning schedule. When is the best time for me to apply at an eSkwela Center? The best time to apply is the period after learners have taken their A&E exam. BUT you will still have to qualify through the FLT. in consideration of your work/job (if you are already employed) and availability. 9. They can also avail of the skills training programs of the Meralco Foundation and those provided by the Technical Education and Skills Development Authority (TESDA). What are eSkwela locations for school enrollment? http://eskwela. three. Another choice is to enroll in two. which is being administered every October. four or five-year courses in member schools of the Philippine Association of State Universities and Colleges (PASUC) and others likewise supervised by the Commission on Higher Education (CHED). and the Internet browser) on your first sessions so you will be able to optimally use the computer for your learning sessions.

It is a free paper and pencil test which is designed to measure the competencies of those who have not finished either the formal elementary or secondary education. voter's ID. problem solving and critical thinking. Posted by Blogger at 9:16 PM 24 comments: References: The Philippine eSkwela Project: The Establishment of Community e-Learning Centers for the Out-ofSchool Youth and Adults http://eskwela. administration. sustainable use of resources and productivity.net/inquirerheadlines/learning/view/20090517-205548/Online-hope-for-highschool-dropouts . processing and certification.The Accreditation and Equivalency (A&E) Test is designed to provide learners with a range of alternatives to allow continuity in learning outside the formal school system. or authenticated birth certificate for school-drop-outs who are not employed and not old enough to acquire the above documents. NBI clearance or barangay certification with photo stating complete name and date of birth of the prospective registrant). Passers of this test are given a certificate/diploma certifying their competencies as comparable to graduates of the formal school system.html learning Online hope for high school dropouts http://newsinfo. postal ID.wikispaces. thus no fees are collected during the registration.ALS) 2010 Accreditation and Equivalency (A&E) Examination is set to start on May 3 up to June 15. valid passport. development of self and sense of community. The ALS A&E Test is a national government program that aims to provide an "Education for All.". REGISTRATION FOR THE 2010 ALS A&E EXAM STARTS ON MAY 3 The registration for the Department of Education’s Alternative Learning System (DepED . with multiple choice questions for approximately 3 ½ hours for the elementary level and longer by an hour for the high school level.net/national/2009/march/20/yehey/prov/20090320pro3. and to enroll in any college course for secondary level passers. which makes them qualified to enroll in high school for elementary level passers.com/Project+Description Education department introduces alternative systemhttp://www. and expanding one's world vision.inquirer. as well as a 30-minute composition writing portion for both. According to Education Secretary Jesli Lapus.manilatimes. It covers the five learning strands: in communication. SSS/GSIS ID. 2010. to wit: original and xerox copies of the following government-issued identification with photo (valid driver's license.” The test is a standardized paper and pencil test. “Passing the test will pave the way for their re-entry to formal schooling or allow them a chance to pursue other productive endeavors. It also determines the examinees' skills and inclinations. Qualified registrants must present any of the following documents on the day of the registration. The test is free.

judiciary.php? doctype=Executive%20Orders&docid=0368d70a693860b49058b311ac513dba455a487d5159a .alsnet.pdf in the Alternative Learning System http://www.gov.Philippine Learning Station http://www.school-survival.deped.net/wiki/Philippines BUREAU OF ALTERNATIVE LEARNING SYSTEM http://elibrary.htm For more information about Alternative Learning System Philippines http://www.ph/index10.ph/cpanel/uploads/issuanceImg/A&E%20write%20up.gov.org/AL.

the country now aspires to evolving an alternative learning system (alternative and complementary to schools) that is organized and governed in order to provide choices for learning not just as a remedy for school failure but as an addition even to good schools. Over the years. Yet the mainstream public schools. Filipino and English are defined and propagated. Research WEDNESDAY. eLearning. second stage interventions have to be implemented that serve the wider population with other educational needs that require learning options in addition to those provided by .Maui Salang Technology in Education. private and civil society socio-economic development initiative reaching disadvantaged persons and communities. many non-formal and informal learning options emerged initially as remedial responses to meeting the basic literacy needs of people that the school system had failed to equip with the necessary basic education competencies. 2008 Alternative Learning System: meeting the Philippines’ Education for All (EFA) Agenda Alternative Learning System: Transform existing non-formal and informal learning options into a truly viable alternative learning system yielding more EFA benefits Action: Cost-effective alternative learning options for achieving adult functional literacy in first language. if so desired. it has been increasingly recognized that diverse educational needs of different groups of people in society are both legitimate and urgent to meet. Meanwhile. The first and most urgent stage is to make fully functionally literate the core population of adults and youth outside schools who do not yet possess essential functional literacy competencies. Training. Adult literacy organizations work more closely with organizations already involved in community development and poverty alleviation. This evolution is envisioned to unfold in three over-lapping stages to enable everyone to obtain school-equivalent competencies and. school-equivalent credentials through learning processes within as well as outside schools. As this stage progresses to cover all those who are functionally illiterate. MAY 28. even in the best of circumstances. Thus. National government funding is provided to finance the integration of these alternative learning options for the effective acquisition of functional literacy of adults as an essential and routine part of every public. are largely unable to meet these educational needs even as effective nonschooling methodologies for meeting these different needs rapidly developed.

The existing Bureau of Alternative Learning System of DepEd and the Literacy Coordinating Council should be developed. It should also be able to contract with or provide grants to providers of non-formal education. and monitor and evaluate adult literacy outcomes among individuals and populations. as well as programs of the private and non-government sectors.good schools. Programs should then be assessed in . improve. strengthened and mandated to serve as the government agency to guide the evolution of the country’s alternative learning system. The specific actions to be undertaken are the following: 1. but will extend beyond good elementary and secondary schools. and for desired competencies that are part of lifelong learning. This alternative learning system initially focuses on meeting basic education needs of all but eventually serves other education needs even beyond basic competencies. for ethnic minorities and other groups with special educational needs that cannot be met by schools.. Public funding made available for ALS programs of various government and private entities should be subject to the policies and guidelines of the proposed ALS reconfigured structure. Finally. A survey should be made of socio-economic programs most likely to be reaching communities with high concentration of educationally disadvantaged or illiterates. Two specific strategies in developing the alternative learning system will maximize its contribution to the attainment of EFA goals. Among BALS functions should be to promote. define and set standards for adult literacy programs. accredit and recognize providers meeting standards. the diverse educational needs of various groups in society assumes greater importance and visibility. such as differently abled children who can best achieve their learning goals outside schools and children from ethnic communities who want to acquire basic competencies desired by all Filipinos while preserving their own unique ethnic identity and culture. would eventually converge towards a third stage which involve the emergence of a true. as good schools meet the common needs of most children. i. a parallel delivery system dedicated to providing alternative learning programs to those who cannot meet their needs through schools would be evolved. the most cost-effective alternative learning interventions for achieving adult functional literacy would be integrated with the wide variety of socio-economic and cultural programs reaching disadvantaged people who are also likely to be educationally disadvantaged. coherent and organized system for lifelong learning that will include. meeting the needs of the functionally illiterate and serving the educational needs of minorities. 2. This population includes legitimate minorities. As the school system improves its efficiency and effectiveness and the large pool of youth and adult illiterates shrinks. Such an agency for ALS should be able to harmonize and assure the quality of programs by various service providers. the parallel alternative learning system grows and develops to meet the special needs of different groups of children and adults. Second.e. Public funding for basic literacy of out-of-school youth and adults should be allocated in order to integrate adult literacy interventions into the most effective socio-economic programs already reaching many communities of educationally disadvantaged people. The successful implementation of these two overlapping stages. Meeting these needs would become the impetus for the emergence and organization of the alternative learning system. Such a survey should cover national and local government programs. First. monitor and evaluate but not necessarily deliver alternative learning interventions for functional literacy of out-of-school youth and adults.

Service providers. and facilities with special usefulness to adult literacy programs should be identified for potential use by various welfare and poverty alleviation programs. From Functionally Literate Filipinos: An Educated Nation Philippine Education For All (EFA) 2015 National Action Plan Posted by Maui Salang Dulce at 5:36 PM . Media as an alternative and potent source of informal education should be strengthened. level of demand by illiterate potential clients. 5. and opportunities available for integrating adult literacy in program operations. 4. There are many groups and persons who already recognize the value of non-school options for meeting education needs. teaching materials. Positive examples and promising initiatives in alternative learning should be recognized and given greater appreciation. The actual form and structure of the delivery system for alternative learning is still not yet clear.terms of their potential for integrating adult literacy interventions such as their current reach among illiterates. They may not readily step up and advocate alternative learning system because of the dominance of schooling in education. course-ware. 3. among others. Research and development work will be needed to test cost-effective options for delivering high quality and reliable alternative learning. The ALS agency should undertake an inventory of available resources in localities foradult literacy interventions outside schools. Available local capacities for high quality non-formal education for adult learners should be promoted among managers and operators of socio-economic programs reaching the poorest households which also likely to have members who are illiterate or educationally disadvantaged. Effort should be made to build and develop a constituency for ALS development.

For the senior citizens of San Carlos City. They seek to improve the quality of life of Filipinos by raising the level of literacy in target communities such as out-of-school youth and working individuals who have no access to formal classroom learning. he would conduct regular social and recreational sessions like ballroom dancing lessons to keep these retirees active and energized. Meanwhile. 2013 Share 1 Tweet2 Share0 Email0 Share 9 Dr. we don’t mean the usual classrooms in schools where formal education takes place. Edwin is one of the more than 6. Edwin and other mobile teachers like him can use mobile technologies. and by this. Edwin Ferrer. Smart Communications. Smart and DepEd have developed a mobile application that would digitize the books and other .000 mobile teachers all over the country who would go where the students are. Inc. Now. Edwin teaches market vendors Math and literacy classes. at the San Carlos Public Market. Working through startup partner Orange Fix. Edwin is teaching the inmates basic literacy skills as well as alternative livelihood to give them the chance for a fresh start and become productive citizens once they have served their sentence. At the city jail.Alternative digital learning goes October 3. These mobile teachers are the Department of Education’s answer to the pressing need of making education available beyond the four walls of the classroom to out-ofschool youth and adult learners. (Smart) and the DepEd-BALS are working together to make mobile technologies a more pervasive tool to help enhance Philippine education. public market and city plaza as places of learning for his students. officer-in-charge of the Bureau of Alternative Learning System (BALS) for Region 1 counts the San Carlos City Jail.

“This collaboration with BALS is part of our mEducation initiatives as we seek not only to enhance learning via mobile technologies but also hope to democratize access to devices.ph/Bro/DepEdBAL S. Alternative learning can now be accredited by the DepEd through its Accreditation and Equivalency Test.smart. educators can now access teaching materials anytime. Smart department head for community partnerships.99 . The project is part of Smart’s pioneering initiatives in mEducation. we will be introducing mobile learning for students as well. The learner will be awarded Elementary Certificate or Secondary Certificate provided he/she passes the examination.ph/alternative-learning-goesdigital/#PJG62vHcGeUwG6kO. Edwin and the other mobile teachers of DepEd BALS are one step closer towards fulfilling their aspiration of providing inclusive education for all.” The tablets that are pre-loaded with the ALS mobile app can be ordered online via www.ph/Bro/DepEdBALS<http://www.com.smart. Through the mobile app. The materials in the mobile app are integrated under the ALS.” said Darwin Flores.mb.com. “In the future. With the ALS mobile app.teaching materials under the ALS curriculum. connectivity and content. Read more at http://www. making it easier for mobile teachers to teach their community of learners. online or offline from their tablets. The ALS mobile app will be made available for free in affordable mobile devices like tablets bundled with Smart connectivity.com. anywhere.

To differentiate it from Formal education. 2011 Problems In the Implementation of Alternative Learning System in the Philippines Alternative education evolved in 2004 from series of modifications and amendments of laws and orders concerning education. illiterate adults and special children. out -ofSchool Youths. Mayo 21.html Sabado. . this was formulated to provide educational needs of drop-outs.http://alexckingi.com/2 011/05/problems-inimplementation-of.blogspot.

Funds were also allocated. With this span of time of learning. 2. Yet in the Alternative Education these competencies were compacted into a school year's curriculum. Funds 2011 Annual budget of Alternative Learning system is is more than 15 billion pesos which is divided in all ALS schools through out the Philippines. Despite the endeavors of the state and Bureau of Alternative Learning System to fully attain its goals. However. funds for seminars claimed by ALS people. may we also consider the financial management of this fund that it might be the reason of its shortage. Is this really enough to cater the services the bureau really need? It is not enough to provide buildings. books.Plans and mechanics of implementation were created. A first year drop- . Curriculum There are hundreds or not thousand of competencies in the whole New Secondary School Curriculum which are prescribed to be taken in four years in formal education. problems arose in its implementation. the students in general have not able to attain an MPS of 75. Some Problems Affecting Alternative Learning System 1. Methods of instructions were designed.

4.2011 only 7 passed the A and E test.Pupils with behavioral problems that can irritate teachers are sent to ALS as Children-At-Risks. Consequence is he or she wont proceed to higher level of learning. there were 69 enrollees in 2010 . ALS student who cant be able to pass Accreditation and Equivalency Test wont be able to get certificate. Where will those remaning 62 go? 3. However. What will happen to these persons? Remain undirected unless had apprentice which will help them land jobs.Teachers' Attitudes ALS teachers claim they have more difficult tasks than those in the formal education and vice versa. Peace and Order Situations (Ideology) . Its either he or she will return back to learn that compacted curriculum or stop from school.out can finish high school in just few months. Formal teachers stick to their traditional practices of ltting their pupils sit properly like trainee soldiers with their fingers crossed position on top of their desks.In Sadanga Municipality alone.

Peace situations in Mindanao hinder progress or reach of both Formal And Non-Formal Education. They must be aware of their educational needs. In fact most of those helping to maintain our economy or Mga Bagong Bayani working abroad acquired their skills in Alternative Learning System. Those who provide personal services are products of Alternative Learning System too. Youths who are supposed to be in schools are involved in arm struggle instead of enjoying schooling. Alternative Learning System is of help in the endeavor of the government to eradicate illiteracy and address unemployment problems. Lack of Coordination Between ALS and the Community Every institution needs the support of both internal and external stakeholders.They are assets to an organization or institution to achieve their goals. its fund must be increased and . For the betterment of Alternative Learning System. 5. Clients of ALS are education-lacked citizens.

Clients must be grouped according to their level of knowledge and not merged as one learning group. Schools purposely for ALS must be fully established. The ten-month period of study must be extended. .managed well. Curriculum must be modified.