Está en la página 1de 19

RELATED LITERATURES FOR THE

TOPIC:
“ALTERNATIVE
EDUCATION:
Addressing the Diverse Needs of
Learners”

Alternative Learning System
What is Alternative Learning System or ALS?
It is a parallel learning system in the Philippines that provides a
practical option to the existing formal instruction. When one does
not have or cannot access formal education in schools, ALS is an
alternate or substitute. ALS includes both the non-formal and
informal sources of knowledge and skills.

Why is there a need for Alternative Learning
System in the Philippines?
Many Filipinos do not have a chance to attend and finish formal
basic education (Grades 1-6 and Year 1-4) due to many reasons.
Some drop out from schools while some do not have schools in
their communities. Since every Filipino has a right to free basic
education, the Government establishes ALS to provide all Filipinos

and paragraph (4) concisely encourages nonformal. How does ALS work? There are two major programs on ALS that are being implemented by the Department of Education. depending on the convenience and availability of the learners. The Governance Act for Basic Education otherwise known as the Republic Act 9155 stipulates the establishment of the Alternative Learning System (ALS) to provide out-of-school children. . maintain and support a complete. independent and out-of-school study programs particularly those that respond to community needs. What is the basis of ALS implementation in the Philippines? The 1987 Philippine Constitution provides for the recognition and promotion of other forms of education other than formal education. This means that learning can take place anytime and any place. youth and adults population with basic education. adequate and integrated system of education relevant to the needs of the people and society. informal and indigenous learning systems as well as selflearning. Paragraph (1) declares that the State shall establish. Section 2. One is the Basic Literacy Program and the other is the Continuing Education Program Accreditation and Equivalency (A&E). through the Bureau of Alternative Learning System (BALS). Both programs are modular and flexible. Article XIV.the chance to have access to and complete basic education in a mode that fits their distinct situations and needs.

instructional managers at an agreed schedule and venue between the learners and facilitators. managed by ALS learning facilitators. such as mobile teachers. ALS Non-formal Education happens outside the classroom. libraries or at home.deped.What is the difference between the Formal Education System and the Alternative Learning System (ALS) Non-formal Education? Formal Education system is classroom-based. managed by trained formal school teachers. barangay multi-purpose hall. http://www. usually conducted at community learning centers. district ALS Coordinators.gov.ph/als . community-based.

They learn according to their need and speed. Since ALS is a module-based learning system. sustainable use of resources and productivity. fishermen. and babysitters. If they pass the test.the computer-based way of taking the ALS . critical thinking and problem solving.but I've read that there are no elementary e-modules yet. encompassing both the non-formal and informal sources of knowledge and skills. they do not even have to go to class five times a week to finish high school. Manny Pacquiao took and passed the (AET) under the ALS program. development of self and a sense of community. and a saleslady. For more information about the latter: click here . and expanding one’s world vision. they will be given a high school diploma and can now enroll in college. There are two ways in which you can take the Alternative Learning System. After several months. Each student in every session uses a computer loaded with digital modules with videos and animation. A teacher –called facilitator – helps students navigate the digital modules and monitors his/her progress to determine if the learner is ready for the A&E. The latter is called the eSkwela project . Participants of eSkwela just sit in front of a computer for about three hours a week. The eSkwela has five main learning strands: Communication skills. through the modules (and just months of classroom preparation for the test?) and through the Internet (with also just months of classroom with the computers as preparation for the test).” In fact. How does it work In ALS. Then their performance are then assessed. students have to attend 10 months of school or 800 hours in the classroom. The program provides a viable alternative to the existing formal education instruction. .Philippine Alternative Learning System (ALS) for drop-outs and out of school youth The Alternative Learning System (ALS) is a free education program implemented by the Department of Education (DepEd) under the Bureau of Alternative Learning System which benefits those who cannot afford formal schooling and follows whatever is their available schedule. students come in on a set time and choose a module to read. After getting a certificate upon passing. making eligible to pursue college. A quiz is given after each module to test their learning. the students have the option to enroll in ALS again or go to a college. He was presented a high school diploma. so the eSkwela for elementary school solely is not yet available. the students will take the Accreditation and Equivalency Test (AET). “I have learners who are maids. Instead of teachers. facilitators are always present to answer any questions and sometimes lecturers would discuss a certain module.

projectbased. module guides. which will assess the actual level of education you have acquired. the learner will be given an A&E certificate of completion. life skills approach). albeit with a technological twist. 3. was generous enough to provide him not only a copy of the CD but also a walk-through on how ALS sessions are conducted there. computers. if you are younger than 15 years. an eSkwela learning facilitator. What level of Accreditation & Equivalency (A&E) is currently being offered at the eSkwela Centers? Currently.Posted by Blogger at 9:20 PM 43 comments: Labels: Philippine Alternative Learning System (ALS).wikispaces. you are encouraged to complete your secondary education through the formal education system (private/public high school). 2. Is eSkwela separate from DepED’s Alternative Learning System (ALS). 5. Internet/World Wide Web) are utilized to deliver ALS. Am I automatically accepted as an eSkwela learner if I already completed my elementary education? Your chances of acceptance as an eSkwela learner could be higher if you have already completed your . upon passing this exam. Angelyn Malabanan. On the other hand. The elementary A&E will be offered soon after the elementary e-modules are developed. Is there a test I have to take in order to qualify as an eSkwela learner? Yes. at an eSkwela Center. Learning Management System. How do I qualify for a learner slot at an eSkwela Center? You should be able to meet the same set requirements required in the print module version of ALS: · You should be at least 15 years old. 4. No. However. a certification from the school you last attended (if you previously went to school) that you were unable to complete the secondary level.com/eSkwela+FAQs+%28for+learner+applicants %29 Get a copy of the CD to do self learning at home where he can get a copy of the CD. The difference mainly lies in the mode of ALS delivery. Philippine eSkwela project eSkwela Frequently Asked Questions For out-of-school youth and adults interested to complete their secondary education (Accreditation and Equivalency) through eSkwela 1. print modules are used in the traditional ALS. equivalent to a high school diploma. and its Accreditation & Equivalency (A&E) program? http://eskwela. · You should be ready with the required documents: your birth certificate. Once he was at the Center. they uphold the same set of learning ideals (learning that is self-paced. and learner-centered. eSkwela is not separate from DepED-ALS. the eSkwela Center will have you take a Functional Literacy Test (FLT). ICTs (electronic modules. Learners from both delivery modes (traditional ALS and eSkwela) may aspire to take the A&E exam. secondary A&E (A&E at the secondary level of education) is initially being offered at the eSkwela Centers.

10.com/eSkwela+Centers Posted by Blogger at 9:19 PM No comments: Alternative Learning System Accreditation and Equivalency Test (ALS A&E) Formerly known as the Nonformal Education A&E Test (NFE A&E). four or five-year courses in member schools of the Philippine Association of State Universities and Colleges (PASUC) and others likewise supervised by the Commission on Higher Education (CHED). 7. Once finalized. When is the best time for me to apply at an eSkwela Center? The best time to apply is the period after learners have taken their A&E exam. and the Internet browser) on your first sessions so you will be able to optimally use the computer for your learning sessions. Those who pass the elementary level examination will be allowed to proceed to the high school level while those who passed the secondary level may choose to enroll in post-secondary technical and vocational courses. three. However. 8. Is there an enrollment/registration fee at an eSkwela Center? No. thus. baon) and minimal fees (some eSkwela Centers have prepared eSkwela shirts as the learners’ uniforms and IDs). For most eSkwela Centers. They can also avail of the skills training programs of the Meralco Foundation and those provided by the Technical Education and Skills Development Authority (TESDA). the learning period starts in January. The eSkwela learning sessions are free. Do I need to know how to use a computer before I can be accepted as an eSkwela learner? Although it is an advantage if you already know how to use a computer. What are eSkwela locations for school enrollment? http://eskwela. which is being administered every October. Apart from your regular expenses (transportation. BUT you will still have to qualify through the FLT. it is not a requirement in order for you to be accepted at eSkwela. How often should I attend learning sessions at an eSkwela Center? You and an eSkwela learning facilitator will determine your schedule of learning sessions. you can still inquire at an eSkwela Center anytime for inquiries. learner selection is usually done from November to December of the previous year. in consideration of your work/job (if you are already employed) and availability.wikispaces. you are required to observe your learning schedule. 9. The eSkwela facilitators will be giving you remedial sessions on basic computer literacy (particularly basic navigation skills. Another choice is to enroll in two. using the mouse. the Alternative Learning System Accreditation and Equivalency Test (ALS A&E) offers examiners certification of learning achievements equivalent to the elementary or secondary level of the formal school .elementary education.

and expanding one's world vision. problem solving and critical thinking. Qualified registrants must present any of the following documents on the day of the registration. or authenticated birth certificate for school-drop-outs who are not employed and not old enough to acquire the above documents.". It covers the five learning strands: in communication.manilatimes. SSS/GSIS ID. postal ID. sustainable use of resources and productivity. NBI clearance or barangay certification with photo stating complete name and date of birth of the prospective registrant). valid passport. The ALS A&E Test is a national government program that aims to provide an "Education for All.html learning Online hope for high school dropouts http://newsinfo. 2010. and to enroll in any college course for secondary level passers.com/Project+Description Education department introduces alternative systemhttp://www.” The test is a standardized paper and pencil test.net/national/2009/march/20/yehey/prov/20090320pro3. REGISTRATION FOR THE 2010 ALS A&E EXAM STARTS ON MAY 3 The registration for the Department of Education’s Alternative Learning System (DepED . voter's ID. which makes them qualified to enroll in high school for elementary level passers.The Accreditation and Equivalency (A&E) Test is designed to provide learners with a range of alternatives to allow continuity in learning outside the formal school system. administration. The test is free. “Passing the test will pave the way for their re-entry to formal schooling or allow them a chance to pursue other productive endeavors.ALS) 2010 Accreditation and Equivalency (A&E) Examination is set to start on May 3 up to June 15. to wit: original and xerox copies of the following government-issued identification with photo (valid driver's license. According to Education Secretary Jesli Lapus. It also determines the examinees' skills and inclinations. with multiple choice questions for approximately 3 ½ hours for the elementary level and longer by an hour for the high school level.net/inquirerheadlines/learning/view/20090517-205548/Online-hope-for-highschool-dropouts . processing and certification. Posted by Blogger at 9:16 PM 24 comments: References: The Philippine eSkwela Project: The Establishment of Community e-Learning Centers for the Out-ofSchool Youth and Adults http://eskwela.wikispaces. It is a free paper and pencil test which is designed to measure the competencies of those who have not finished either the formal elementary or secondary education. thus no fees are collected during the registration.inquirer. development of self and sense of community. Passers of this test are given a certificate/diploma certifying their competencies as comparable to graduates of the formal school system. as well as a 30-minute composition writing portion for both.

deped.school-survival.alsnet.org/AL.ph/cpanel/uploads/issuanceImg/A&E%20write%20up.gov.ph/index10.net/wiki/Philippines BUREAU OF ALTERNATIVE LEARNING SYSTEM http://elibrary.htm For more information about Alternative Learning System Philippines http://www.Philippine Learning Station http://www.judiciary.php? doctype=Executive%20Orders&docid=0368d70a693860b49058b311ac513dba455a487d5159a .pdf in the Alternative Learning System http://www.gov.

private and civil society socio-economic development initiative reaching disadvantaged persons and communities. Training. Yet the mainstream public schools. even in the best of circumstances. 2008 Alternative Learning System: meeting the Philippines’ Education for All (EFA) Agenda Alternative Learning System: Transform existing non-formal and informal learning options into a truly viable alternative learning system yielding more EFA benefits Action: Cost-effective alternative learning options for achieving adult functional literacy in first language. Thus. are largely unable to meet these educational needs even as effective nonschooling methodologies for meeting these different needs rapidly developed. if so desired. Research WEDNESDAY. This evolution is envisioned to unfold in three over-lapping stages to enable everyone to obtain school-equivalent competencies and. National government funding is provided to finance the integration of these alternative learning options for the effective acquisition of functional literacy of adults as an essential and routine part of every public. MAY 28. many non-formal and informal learning options emerged initially as remedial responses to meeting the basic literacy needs of people that the school system had failed to equip with the necessary basic education competencies. As this stage progresses to cover all those who are functionally illiterate. Over the years. second stage interventions have to be implemented that serve the wider population with other educational needs that require learning options in addition to those provided by .Maui Salang Technology in Education. Filipino and English are defined and propagated. Meanwhile. it has been increasingly recognized that diverse educational needs of different groups of people in society are both legitimate and urgent to meet. the country now aspires to evolving an alternative learning system (alternative and complementary to schools) that is organized and governed in order to provide choices for learning not just as a remedy for school failure but as an addition even to good schools. Adult literacy organizations work more closely with organizations already involved in community development and poverty alleviation. school-equivalent credentials through learning processes within as well as outside schools. eLearning. The first and most urgent stage is to make fully functionally literate the core population of adults and youth outside schools who do not yet possess essential functional literacy competencies.

and monitor and evaluate adult literacy outcomes among individuals and populations. would eventually converge towards a third stage which involve the emergence of a true. and for desired competencies that are part of lifelong learning. As the school system improves its efficiency and effectiveness and the large pool of youth and adult illiterates shrinks.good schools. Among BALS functions should be to promote. A survey should be made of socio-economic programs most likely to be reaching communities with high concentration of educationally disadvantaged or illiterates. This alternative learning system initially focuses on meeting basic education needs of all but eventually serves other education needs even beyond basic competencies. coherent and organized system for lifelong learning that will include. for ethnic minorities and other groups with special educational needs that cannot be met by schools. Finally.. such as differently abled children who can best achieve their learning goals outside schools and children from ethnic communities who want to acquire basic competencies desired by all Filipinos while preserving their own unique ethnic identity and culture. 2. Such a survey should cover national and local government programs. Second. strengthened and mandated to serve as the government agency to guide the evolution of the country’s alternative learning system. Public funding made available for ALS programs of various government and private entities should be subject to the policies and guidelines of the proposed ALS reconfigured structure. improve. monitor and evaluate but not necessarily deliver alternative learning interventions for functional literacy of out-of-school youth and adults. The existing Bureau of Alternative Learning System of DepEd and the Literacy Coordinating Council should be developed. Such an agency for ALS should be able to harmonize and assure the quality of programs by various service providers. as well as programs of the private and non-government sectors. a parallel delivery system dedicated to providing alternative learning programs to those who cannot meet their needs through schools would be evolved. This population includes legitimate minorities. Public funding for basic literacy of out-of-school youth and adults should be allocated in order to integrate adult literacy interventions into the most effective socio-economic programs already reaching many communities of educationally disadvantaged people. The successful implementation of these two overlapping stages. the parallel alternative learning system grows and develops to meet the special needs of different groups of children and adults. but will extend beyond good elementary and secondary schools. First. the diverse educational needs of various groups in society assumes greater importance and visibility. the most cost-effective alternative learning interventions for achieving adult functional literacy would be integrated with the wide variety of socio-economic and cultural programs reaching disadvantaged people who are also likely to be educationally disadvantaged. accredit and recognize providers meeting standards. define and set standards for adult literacy programs. i. meeting the needs of the functionally illiterate and serving the educational needs of minorities. Programs should then be assessed in .e. Meeting these needs would become the impetus for the emergence and organization of the alternative learning system. The specific actions to be undertaken are the following: 1. It should also be able to contract with or provide grants to providers of non-formal education. as good schools meet the common needs of most children. Two specific strategies in developing the alternative learning system will maximize its contribution to the attainment of EFA goals.

and facilities with special usefulness to adult literacy programs should be identified for potential use by various welfare and poverty alleviation programs.terms of their potential for integrating adult literacy interventions such as their current reach among illiterates. There are many groups and persons who already recognize the value of non-school options for meeting education needs. course-ware. and opportunities available for integrating adult literacy in program operations. The ALS agency should undertake an inventory of available resources in localities foradult literacy interventions outside schools. 4. teaching materials. They may not readily step up and advocate alternative learning system because of the dominance of schooling in education. Positive examples and promising initiatives in alternative learning should be recognized and given greater appreciation. From Functionally Literate Filipinos: An Educated Nation Philippine Education For All (EFA) 2015 National Action Plan Posted by Maui Salang Dulce at 5:36 PM . 3. Service providers. The actual form and structure of the delivery system for alternative learning is still not yet clear. Available local capacities for high quality non-formal education for adult learners should be promoted among managers and operators of socio-economic programs reaching the poorest households which also likely to have members who are illiterate or educationally disadvantaged. among others. Media as an alternative and potent source of informal education should be strengthened. Effort should be made to build and develop a constituency for ALS development. 5. level of demand by illiterate potential clients. Research and development work will be needed to test cost-effective options for delivering high quality and reliable alternative learning.

2013 Share 1 Tweet2 Share0 Email0 Share 9 Dr. Smart and DepEd have developed a mobile application that would digitize the books and other . Edwin teaches market vendors Math and literacy classes. Now. Edwin is one of the more than 6. Edwin Ferrer. we don’t mean the usual classrooms in schools where formal education takes place. he would conduct regular social and recreational sessions like ballroom dancing lessons to keep these retirees active and energized. (Smart) and the DepEd-BALS are working together to make mobile technologies a more pervasive tool to help enhance Philippine education.000 mobile teachers all over the country who would go where the students are. At the city jail. Working through startup partner Orange Fix. public market and city plaza as places of learning for his students.Alternative digital learning goes October 3. These mobile teachers are the Department of Education’s answer to the pressing need of making education available beyond the four walls of the classroom to out-ofschool youth and adult learners. They seek to improve the quality of life of Filipinos by raising the level of literacy in target communities such as out-of-school youth and working individuals who have no access to formal classroom learning. at the San Carlos Public Market. Edwin and other mobile teachers like him can use mobile technologies. officer-in-charge of the Bureau of Alternative Learning System (BALS) for Region 1 counts the San Carlos City Jail. Smart Communications. and by this. For the senior citizens of San Carlos City. Inc. Meanwhile. Edwin is teaching the inmates basic literacy skills as well as alternative livelihood to give them the chance for a fresh start and become productive citizens once they have served their sentence.

online or offline from their tablets. The materials in the mobile app are integrated under the ALS. “In the future. With the ALS mobile app. The learner will be awarded Elementary Certificate or Secondary Certificate provided he/she passes the examination. The ALS mobile app will be made available for free in affordable mobile devices like tablets bundled with Smart connectivity. The project is part of Smart’s pioneering initiatives in mEducation. Alternative learning can now be accredited by the DepEd through its Accreditation and Equivalency Test. making it easier for mobile teachers to teach their community of learners. “This collaboration with BALS is part of our mEducation initiatives as we seek not only to enhance learning via mobile technologies but also hope to democratize access to devices.ph/alternative-learning-goesdigital/#PJG62vHcGeUwG6kO.smart.com. educators can now access teaching materials anytime. Through the mobile app.com.com.ph/Bro/DepEdBALS<http://www.” The tablets that are pre-loaded with the ALS mobile app can be ordered online via www. connectivity and content.99 . we will be introducing mobile learning for students as well. Edwin and the other mobile teachers of DepEd BALS are one step closer towards fulfilling their aspiration of providing inclusive education for all.mb.” said Darwin Flores. anywhere. Read more at http://www. Smart department head for community partnerships.teaching materials under the ALS curriculum.smart.ph/Bro/DepEdBAL S.

this was formulated to provide educational needs of drop-outs. illiterate adults and special children.http://alexckingi.html Sabado.blogspot. 2011 Problems In the Implementation of Alternative Learning System in the Philippines Alternative education evolved in 2004 from series of modifications and amendments of laws and orders concerning education.com/2 011/05/problems-inimplementation-of. To differentiate it from Formal education. . out -ofSchool Youths. Mayo 21.

Methods of instructions were designed. the students in general have not able to attain an MPS of 75. problems arose in its implementation. With this span of time of learning. Funds 2011 Annual budget of Alternative Learning system is is more than 15 billion pesos which is divided in all ALS schools through out the Philippines. However. Yet in the Alternative Education these competencies were compacted into a school year's curriculum. Some Problems Affecting Alternative Learning System 1. Is this really enough to cater the services the bureau really need? It is not enough to provide buildings. 2. A first year drop- . Curriculum There are hundreds or not thousand of competencies in the whole New Secondary School Curriculum which are prescribed to be taken in four years in formal education. funds for seminars claimed by ALS people. books. Funds were also allocated. may we also consider the financial management of this fund that it might be the reason of its shortage. Despite the endeavors of the state and Bureau of Alternative Learning System to fully attain its goals.Plans and mechanics of implementation were created.

Pupils with behavioral problems that can irritate teachers are sent to ALS as Children-At-Risks. 4.Teachers' Attitudes ALS teachers claim they have more difficult tasks than those in the formal education and vice versa. Consequence is he or she wont proceed to higher level of learning. However. Its either he or she will return back to learn that compacted curriculum or stop from school. Formal teachers stick to their traditional practices of ltting their pupils sit properly like trainee soldiers with their fingers crossed position on top of their desks. What will happen to these persons? Remain undirected unless had apprentice which will help them land jobs. Where will those remaning 62 go? 3. there were 69 enrollees in 2010 .2011 only 7 passed the A and E test.In Sadanga Municipality alone. ALS student who cant be able to pass Accreditation and Equivalency Test wont be able to get certificate.out can finish high school in just few months. Peace and Order Situations (Ideology) .

Peace situations in Mindanao hinder progress or reach of both Formal And Non-Formal Education. Youths who are supposed to be in schools are involved in arm struggle instead of enjoying schooling. Clients of ALS are education-lacked citizens. Lack of Coordination Between ALS and the Community Every institution needs the support of both internal and external stakeholders. Alternative Learning System is of help in the endeavor of the government to eradicate illiteracy and address unemployment problems. 5. In fact most of those helping to maintain our economy or Mga Bagong Bayani working abroad acquired their skills in Alternative Learning System. Those who provide personal services are products of Alternative Learning System too. For the betterment of Alternative Learning System. They must be aware of their educational needs.They are assets to an organization or institution to achieve their goals. its fund must be increased and .

Curriculum must be modified.managed well. Clients must be grouped according to their level of knowledge and not merged as one learning group. Schools purposely for ALS must be fully established. The ten-month period of study must be extended. .