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RELATED LITERATURES FOR THE

TOPIC:
“ALTERNATIVE
EDUCATION:
Addressing the Diverse Needs of
Learners”

Alternative Learning System
What is Alternative Learning System or ALS?
It is a parallel learning system in the Philippines that provides a
practical option to the existing formal instruction. When one does
not have or cannot access formal education in schools, ALS is an
alternate or substitute. ALS includes both the non-formal and
informal sources of knowledge and skills.

Why is there a need for Alternative Learning
System in the Philippines?
Many Filipinos do not have a chance to attend and finish formal
basic education (Grades 1-6 and Year 1-4) due to many reasons.
Some drop out from schools while some do not have schools in
their communities. Since every Filipino has a right to free basic
education, the Government establishes ALS to provide all Filipinos

. independent and out-of-school study programs particularly those that respond to community needs. Paragraph (1) declares that the State shall establish. depending on the convenience and availability of the learners. informal and indigenous learning systems as well as selflearning. What is the basis of ALS implementation in the Philippines? The 1987 Philippine Constitution provides for the recognition and promotion of other forms of education other than formal education. The Governance Act for Basic Education otherwise known as the Republic Act 9155 stipulates the establishment of the Alternative Learning System (ALS) to provide out-of-school children. How does ALS work? There are two major programs on ALS that are being implemented by the Department of Education. Section 2. One is the Basic Literacy Program and the other is the Continuing Education Program Accreditation and Equivalency (A&E). and paragraph (4) concisely encourages nonformal. youth and adults population with basic education. adequate and integrated system of education relevant to the needs of the people and society. This means that learning can take place anytime and any place. maintain and support a complete. through the Bureau of Alternative Learning System (BALS).the chance to have access to and complete basic education in a mode that fits their distinct situations and needs. Both programs are modular and flexible. Article XIV.

usually conducted at community learning centers. managed by trained formal school teachers.gov. barangay multi-purpose hall. libraries or at home. district ALS Coordinators. ALS Non-formal Education happens outside the classroom.What is the difference between the Formal Education System and the Alternative Learning System (ALS) Non-formal Education? Formal Education system is classroom-based. instructional managers at an agreed schedule and venue between the learners and facilitators. community-based.deped. managed by ALS learning facilitators. http://www.ph/als . such as mobile teachers.

so the eSkwela for elementary school solely is not yet available. After getting a certificate upon passing. the students will take the Accreditation and Equivalency Test (AET). Each student in every session uses a computer loaded with digital modules with videos and animation. making eligible to pursue college. Since ALS is a module-based learning system. through the modules (and just months of classroom preparation for the test?) and through the Internet (with also just months of classroom with the computers as preparation for the test). facilitators are always present to answer any questions and sometimes lecturers would discuss a certain module. The program provides a viable alternative to the existing formal education instruction. “I have learners who are maids. students come in on a set time and choose a module to read. Manny Pacquiao took and passed the (AET) under the ALS program. For more information about the latter: click here . they do not even have to go to class five times a week to finish high school. . and expanding one’s world vision. development of self and a sense of community. the students have the option to enroll in ALS again or go to a college. They learn according to their need and speed. students have to attend 10 months of school or 800 hours in the classroom.the computer-based way of taking the ALS . fishermen. Participants of eSkwela just sit in front of a computer for about three hours a week. and a saleslady. they will be given a high school diploma and can now enroll in college. and babysitters. Then their performance are then assessed. He was presented a high school diploma. A quiz is given after each module to test their learning. The latter is called the eSkwela project .but I've read that there are no elementary e-modules yet. sustainable use of resources and productivity. There are two ways in which you can take the Alternative Learning System. A teacher –called facilitator – helps students navigate the digital modules and monitors his/her progress to determine if the learner is ready for the A&E. If they pass the test. critical thinking and problem solving. After several months. encompassing both the non-formal and informal sources of knowledge and skills.” In fact. Instead of teachers. How does it work In ALS.Philippine Alternative Learning System (ALS) for drop-outs and out of school youth The Alternative Learning System (ALS) is a free education program implemented by the Department of Education (DepEd) under the Bureau of Alternative Learning System which benefits those who cannot afford formal schooling and follows whatever is their available schedule. The eSkwela has five main learning strands: Communication skills.

Posted by Blogger at 9:20 PM 43 comments: Labels: Philippine Alternative Learning System (ALS). the learner will be given an A&E certificate of completion. upon passing this exam.wikispaces. Is there a test I have to take in order to qualify as an eSkwela learner? Yes. 5. eSkwela is not separate from DepED-ALS. 4. albeit with a technological twist. · You should be ready with the required documents: your birth certificate. if you are younger than 15 years. at an eSkwela Center. However. and learner-centered. computers. How do I qualify for a learner slot at an eSkwela Center? You should be able to meet the same set requirements required in the print module version of ALS: · You should be at least 15 years old. Is eSkwela separate from DepED’s Alternative Learning System (ALS). and its Accreditation & Equivalency (A&E) program? http://eskwela. ICTs (electronic modules. an eSkwela learning facilitator. The elementary A&E will be offered soon after the elementary e-modules are developed.com/eSkwela+FAQs+%28for+learner+applicants %29 Get a copy of the CD to do self learning at home where he can get a copy of the CD. Angelyn Malabanan. you are encouraged to complete your secondary education through the formal education system (private/public high school). Am I automatically accepted as an eSkwela learner if I already completed my elementary education? Your chances of acceptance as an eSkwela learner could be higher if you have already completed your . the eSkwela Center will have you take a Functional Literacy Test (FLT). The difference mainly lies in the mode of ALS delivery. 3. projectbased. Internet/World Wide Web) are utilized to deliver ALS. a certification from the school you last attended (if you previously went to school) that you were unable to complete the secondary level. What level of Accreditation & Equivalency (A&E) is currently being offered at the eSkwela Centers? Currently. secondary A&E (A&E at the secondary level of education) is initially being offered at the eSkwela Centers. was generous enough to provide him not only a copy of the CD but also a walk-through on how ALS sessions are conducted there. module guides. 2. Philippine eSkwela project eSkwela Frequently Asked Questions For out-of-school youth and adults interested to complete their secondary education (Accreditation and Equivalency) through eSkwela 1. equivalent to a high school diploma. No. print modules are used in the traditional ALS. Learners from both delivery modes (traditional ALS and eSkwela) may aspire to take the A&E exam. life skills approach). Learning Management System. Once he was at the Center. On the other hand. which will assess the actual level of education you have acquired. they uphold the same set of learning ideals (learning that is self-paced.

They can also avail of the skills training programs of the Meralco Foundation and those provided by the Technical Education and Skills Development Authority (TESDA). 7. four or five-year courses in member schools of the Philippine Association of State Universities and Colleges (PASUC) and others likewise supervised by the Commission on Higher Education (CHED).com/eSkwela+Centers Posted by Blogger at 9:19 PM No comments: Alternative Learning System Accreditation and Equivalency Test (ALS A&E) Formerly known as the Nonformal Education A&E Test (NFE A&E). For most eSkwela Centers. three.wikispaces. Once finalized. The eSkwela learning sessions are free. Another choice is to enroll in two. What are eSkwela locations for school enrollment? http://eskwela. learner selection is usually done from November to December of the previous year. Apart from your regular expenses (transportation. using the mouse. it is not a requirement in order for you to be accepted at eSkwela. 8. 9. Is there an enrollment/registration fee at an eSkwela Center? No. Do I need to know how to use a computer before I can be accepted as an eSkwela learner? Although it is an advantage if you already know how to use a computer. you can still inquire at an eSkwela Center anytime for inquiries.elementary education. you are required to observe your learning schedule. How often should I attend learning sessions at an eSkwela Center? You and an eSkwela learning facilitator will determine your schedule of learning sessions. baon) and minimal fees (some eSkwela Centers have prepared eSkwela shirts as the learners’ uniforms and IDs). and the Internet browser) on your first sessions so you will be able to optimally use the computer for your learning sessions. The eSkwela facilitators will be giving you remedial sessions on basic computer literacy (particularly basic navigation skills. However. the Alternative Learning System Accreditation and Equivalency Test (ALS A&E) offers examiners certification of learning achievements equivalent to the elementary or secondary level of the formal school . in consideration of your work/job (if you are already employed) and availability. Those who pass the elementary level examination will be allowed to proceed to the high school level while those who passed the secondary level may choose to enroll in post-secondary technical and vocational courses. When is the best time for me to apply at an eSkwela Center? The best time to apply is the period after learners have taken their A&E exam. BUT you will still have to qualify through the FLT. the learning period starts in January. 10. which is being administered every October. thus.

It also determines the examinees' skills and inclinations.manilatimes. development of self and sense of community. problem solving and critical thinking.wikispaces. valid passport. It is a free paper and pencil test which is designed to measure the competencies of those who have not finished either the formal elementary or secondary education. “Passing the test will pave the way for their re-entry to formal schooling or allow them a chance to pursue other productive endeavors. REGISTRATION FOR THE 2010 ALS A&E EXAM STARTS ON MAY 3 The registration for the Department of Education’s Alternative Learning System (DepED . postal ID. The test is free. as well as a 30-minute composition writing portion for both. and to enroll in any college course for secondary level passers. voter's ID. It covers the five learning strands: in communication. or authenticated birth certificate for school-drop-outs who are not employed and not old enough to acquire the above documents. Posted by Blogger at 9:16 PM 24 comments: References: The Philippine eSkwela Project: The Establishment of Community e-Learning Centers for the Out-ofSchool Youth and Adults http://eskwela. and expanding one's world vision. administration. processing and certification. According to Education Secretary Jesli Lapus. thus no fees are collected during the registration. NBI clearance or barangay certification with photo stating complete name and date of birth of the prospective registrant).net/inquirerheadlines/learning/view/20090517-205548/Online-hope-for-highschool-dropouts . to wit: original and xerox copies of the following government-issued identification with photo (valid driver's license.The Accreditation and Equivalency (A&E) Test is designed to provide learners with a range of alternatives to allow continuity in learning outside the formal school system. Qualified registrants must present any of the following documents on the day of the registration. 2010.ALS) 2010 Accreditation and Equivalency (A&E) Examination is set to start on May 3 up to June 15.com/Project+Description Education department introduces alternative systemhttp://www.net/national/2009/march/20/yehey/prov/20090320pro3. The ALS A&E Test is a national government program that aims to provide an "Education for All.” The test is a standardized paper and pencil test. with multiple choice questions for approximately 3 ½ hours for the elementary level and longer by an hour for the high school level. SSS/GSIS ID. sustainable use of resources and productivity.".html learning Online hope for high school dropouts http://newsinfo. which makes them qualified to enroll in high school for elementary level passers. Passers of this test are given a certificate/diploma certifying their competencies as comparable to graduates of the formal school system.inquirer.

deped.org/AL.school-survival.pdf in the Alternative Learning System http://www.php? doctype=Executive%20Orders&docid=0368d70a693860b49058b311ac513dba455a487d5159a .judiciary.net/wiki/Philippines BUREAU OF ALTERNATIVE LEARNING SYSTEM http://elibrary.ph/index10.gov.Philippine Learning Station http://www.ph/cpanel/uploads/issuanceImg/A&E%20write%20up.htm For more information about Alternative Learning System Philippines http://www.gov.alsnet.

it has been increasingly recognized that diverse educational needs of different groups of people in society are both legitimate and urgent to meet. The first and most urgent stage is to make fully functionally literate the core population of adults and youth outside schools who do not yet possess essential functional literacy competencies. As this stage progresses to cover all those who are functionally illiterate. many non-formal and informal learning options emerged initially as remedial responses to meeting the basic literacy needs of people that the school system had failed to equip with the necessary basic education competencies. Meanwhile. if so desired. eLearning.Maui Salang Technology in Education. Yet the mainstream public schools. Research WEDNESDAY. Thus. second stage interventions have to be implemented that serve the wider population with other educational needs that require learning options in addition to those provided by . Over the years. Filipino and English are defined and propagated. MAY 28. school-equivalent credentials through learning processes within as well as outside schools. even in the best of circumstances. Training. are largely unable to meet these educational needs even as effective nonschooling methodologies for meeting these different needs rapidly developed. 2008 Alternative Learning System: meeting the Philippines’ Education for All (EFA) Agenda Alternative Learning System: Transform existing non-formal and informal learning options into a truly viable alternative learning system yielding more EFA benefits Action: Cost-effective alternative learning options for achieving adult functional literacy in first language. private and civil society socio-economic development initiative reaching disadvantaged persons and communities. the country now aspires to evolving an alternative learning system (alternative and complementary to schools) that is organized and governed in order to provide choices for learning not just as a remedy for school failure but as an addition even to good schools. National government funding is provided to finance the integration of these alternative learning options for the effective acquisition of functional literacy of adults as an essential and routine part of every public. This evolution is envisioned to unfold in three over-lapping stages to enable everyone to obtain school-equivalent competencies and. Adult literacy organizations work more closely with organizations already involved in community development and poverty alleviation.

such as differently abled children who can best achieve their learning goals outside schools and children from ethnic communities who want to acquire basic competencies desired by all Filipinos while preserving their own unique ethnic identity and culture. the parallel alternative learning system grows and develops to meet the special needs of different groups of children and adults. Such an agency for ALS should be able to harmonize and assure the quality of programs by various service providers. This population includes legitimate minorities. As the school system improves its efficiency and effectiveness and the large pool of youth and adult illiterates shrinks. Finally. i. would eventually converge towards a third stage which involve the emergence of a true. the diverse educational needs of various groups in society assumes greater importance and visibility. coherent and organized system for lifelong learning that will include.good schools. Such a survey should cover national and local government programs. as well as programs of the private and non-government sectors. A survey should be made of socio-economic programs most likely to be reaching communities with high concentration of educationally disadvantaged or illiterates. strengthened and mandated to serve as the government agency to guide the evolution of the country’s alternative learning system. It should also be able to contract with or provide grants to providers of non-formal education. Among BALS functions should be to promote. the most cost-effective alternative learning interventions for achieving adult functional literacy would be integrated with the wide variety of socio-economic and cultural programs reaching disadvantaged people who are also likely to be educationally disadvantaged.. 2. define and set standards for adult literacy programs.e. a parallel delivery system dedicated to providing alternative learning programs to those who cannot meet their needs through schools would be evolved. The existing Bureau of Alternative Learning System of DepEd and the Literacy Coordinating Council should be developed. improve. for ethnic minorities and other groups with special educational needs that cannot be met by schools. and for desired competencies that are part of lifelong learning. Programs should then be assessed in . Second. monitor and evaluate but not necessarily deliver alternative learning interventions for functional literacy of out-of-school youth and adults. Public funding made available for ALS programs of various government and private entities should be subject to the policies and guidelines of the proposed ALS reconfigured structure. accredit and recognize providers meeting standards. This alternative learning system initially focuses on meeting basic education needs of all but eventually serves other education needs even beyond basic competencies. and monitor and evaluate adult literacy outcomes among individuals and populations. meeting the needs of the functionally illiterate and serving the educational needs of minorities. Public funding for basic literacy of out-of-school youth and adults should be allocated in order to integrate adult literacy interventions into the most effective socio-economic programs already reaching many communities of educationally disadvantaged people. The specific actions to be undertaken are the following: 1. Meeting these needs would become the impetus for the emergence and organization of the alternative learning system. Two specific strategies in developing the alternative learning system will maximize its contribution to the attainment of EFA goals. First. The successful implementation of these two overlapping stages. but will extend beyond good elementary and secondary schools. as good schools meet the common needs of most children.

Available local capacities for high quality non-formal education for adult learners should be promoted among managers and operators of socio-economic programs reaching the poorest households which also likely to have members who are illiterate or educationally disadvantaged. 4. Service providers. 3.terms of their potential for integrating adult literacy interventions such as their current reach among illiterates. Research and development work will be needed to test cost-effective options for delivering high quality and reliable alternative learning. and facilities with special usefulness to adult literacy programs should be identified for potential use by various welfare and poverty alleviation programs. and opportunities available for integrating adult literacy in program operations. Positive examples and promising initiatives in alternative learning should be recognized and given greater appreciation. Effort should be made to build and develop a constituency for ALS development. The actual form and structure of the delivery system for alternative learning is still not yet clear. Media as an alternative and potent source of informal education should be strengthened. The ALS agency should undertake an inventory of available resources in localities foradult literacy interventions outside schools. They may not readily step up and advocate alternative learning system because of the dominance of schooling in education. course-ware. teaching materials. 5. From Functionally Literate Filipinos: An Educated Nation Philippine Education For All (EFA) 2015 National Action Plan Posted by Maui Salang Dulce at 5:36 PM . among others. There are many groups and persons who already recognize the value of non-school options for meeting education needs. level of demand by illiterate potential clients.

Edwin Ferrer. They seek to improve the quality of life of Filipinos by raising the level of literacy in target communities such as out-of-school youth and working individuals who have no access to formal classroom learning. Working through startup partner Orange Fix. Inc. Meanwhile.Alternative digital learning goes October 3. (Smart) and the DepEd-BALS are working together to make mobile technologies a more pervasive tool to help enhance Philippine education. we don’t mean the usual classrooms in schools where formal education takes place. at the San Carlos Public Market. Smart Communications. Edwin is teaching the inmates basic literacy skills as well as alternative livelihood to give them the chance for a fresh start and become productive citizens once they have served their sentence. and by this. Now.000 mobile teachers all over the country who would go where the students are. For the senior citizens of San Carlos City. Edwin is one of the more than 6. officer-in-charge of the Bureau of Alternative Learning System (BALS) for Region 1 counts the San Carlos City Jail. Smart and DepEd have developed a mobile application that would digitize the books and other . At the city jail. Edwin teaches market vendors Math and literacy classes. 2013 Share 1 Tweet2 Share0 Email0 Share 9 Dr. Edwin and other mobile teachers like him can use mobile technologies. These mobile teachers are the Department of Education’s answer to the pressing need of making education available beyond the four walls of the classroom to out-ofschool youth and adult learners. he would conduct regular social and recreational sessions like ballroom dancing lessons to keep these retirees active and energized. public market and city plaza as places of learning for his students.

anywhere. educators can now access teaching materials anytime.com. The project is part of Smart’s pioneering initiatives in mEducation.com.ph/Bro/DepEdBALS<http://www. online or offline from their tablets.teaching materials under the ALS curriculum.smart. making it easier for mobile teachers to teach their community of learners.ph/alternative-learning-goesdigital/#PJG62vHcGeUwG6kO.” said Darwin Flores. “This collaboration with BALS is part of our mEducation initiatives as we seek not only to enhance learning via mobile technologies but also hope to democratize access to devices. The materials in the mobile app are integrated under the ALS.ph/Bro/DepEdBAL S.com. “In the future. The ALS mobile app will be made available for free in affordable mobile devices like tablets bundled with Smart connectivity. Edwin and the other mobile teachers of DepEd BALS are one step closer towards fulfilling their aspiration of providing inclusive education for all. The learner will be awarded Elementary Certificate or Secondary Certificate provided he/she passes the examination. we will be introducing mobile learning for students as well.smart. With the ALS mobile app. Through the mobile app. Read more at http://www. connectivity and content. Alternative learning can now be accredited by the DepEd through its Accreditation and Equivalency Test.mb. Smart department head for community partnerships.” The tablets that are pre-loaded with the ALS mobile app can be ordered online via www.99 .

html Sabado. To differentiate it from Formal education. Mayo 21. 2011 Problems In the Implementation of Alternative Learning System in the Philippines Alternative education evolved in 2004 from series of modifications and amendments of laws and orders concerning education. this was formulated to provide educational needs of drop-outs.http://alexckingi. out -ofSchool Youths. illiterate adults and special children.blogspot. .com/2 011/05/problems-inimplementation-of.

However. Curriculum There are hundreds or not thousand of competencies in the whole New Secondary School Curriculum which are prescribed to be taken in four years in formal education. A first year drop- . Despite the endeavors of the state and Bureau of Alternative Learning System to fully attain its goals. 2.Plans and mechanics of implementation were created. books. With this span of time of learning. Funds were also allocated. funds for seminars claimed by ALS people. Some Problems Affecting Alternative Learning System 1. problems arose in its implementation. Yet in the Alternative Education these competencies were compacted into a school year's curriculum. Is this really enough to cater the services the bureau really need? It is not enough to provide buildings. the students in general have not able to attain an MPS of 75. may we also consider the financial management of this fund that it might be the reason of its shortage. Funds 2011 Annual budget of Alternative Learning system is is more than 15 billion pesos which is divided in all ALS schools through out the Philippines. Methods of instructions were designed.

Peace and Order Situations (Ideology) .2011 only 7 passed the A and E test. Its either he or she will return back to learn that compacted curriculum or stop from school.out can finish high school in just few months. However. there were 69 enrollees in 2010 .Pupils with behavioral problems that can irritate teachers are sent to ALS as Children-At-Risks.In Sadanga Municipality alone. ALS student who cant be able to pass Accreditation and Equivalency Test wont be able to get certificate. What will happen to these persons? Remain undirected unless had apprentice which will help them land jobs. Consequence is he or she wont proceed to higher level of learning. Where will those remaning 62 go? 3. Formal teachers stick to their traditional practices of ltting their pupils sit properly like trainee soldiers with their fingers crossed position on top of their desks.Teachers' Attitudes ALS teachers claim they have more difficult tasks than those in the formal education and vice versa. 4.

Clients of ALS are education-lacked citizens. its fund must be increased and . In fact most of those helping to maintain our economy or Mga Bagong Bayani working abroad acquired their skills in Alternative Learning System. Alternative Learning System is of help in the endeavor of the government to eradicate illiteracy and address unemployment problems. Youths who are supposed to be in schools are involved in arm struggle instead of enjoying schooling.Peace situations in Mindanao hinder progress or reach of both Formal And Non-Formal Education.They are assets to an organization or institution to achieve their goals. Lack of Coordination Between ALS and the Community Every institution needs the support of both internal and external stakeholders. They must be aware of their educational needs. Those who provide personal services are products of Alternative Learning System too. 5. For the betterment of Alternative Learning System.

Schools purposely for ALS must be fully established. The ten-month period of study must be extended. Curriculum must be modified.managed well. . Clients must be grouped according to their level of knowledge and not merged as one learning group.