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# 4-2 Relations and Functions

Warm Up
Generate ordered pairs for the function
y = x + 3 for x = 2, 1, 0, 1, and 2.
Find the y values, and put them together as
an ordered pairs as (x,y)
x

(x,y)

-2

(2, 1)

y=x+3

=-2 + 3

=1

-1

(1, 2)

y=x+3

= -1 + 3

=2

(0, 3)

y=x+3

=0+3

=3

(1, 4)

y=x+3

=1+3

=4

(2, 5)

y=x+3

=2+3

=5

Holt Algebra 1

## 4-2 Relations and Functions

Objectives
Identify functions.
Find the domain and range of relations and
functions.

Holt Algebra 1

## 4-2 Relations and Functions

Showing Multiple
Representations of Relations
Example 1:
Express the relation {(2, 3), (4, 7), (6, 8)}:
1. as a table,
2. as a graph,
3. and as a mapping diagram.

Holt Algebra 1

## 4-2 Relations and Functions

1. Represent as Table:
x y

x y

Table

Holt Algebra 1

## Write all x-values under x

and write all y-values under y.

## 4-2 Relations and Functions

2. Represent as Graph:
{(2, 3), (4, 7), (6, 8)}
Graph
(4,7)

(2,3)

Holt Algebra 1

(6,8)

## Use the x- and y-values to

plot the ordered pairs.

## 3. Represent as Mapping Diagram:

{(2, 3), (4, 7), (6, 8)}
Mapping Diagram

Holt Algebra 1

## Write all x-values under x and

all y-values under y. Draw an
arrow from each x-value to its
corresponding y-value.

## 4-2 Relations and Functions

Your turn to try it!!! PRACTICES
Express the relation {(1, 3), (2, 4), (3, 5)} as
a table, as a graph, and as a mapping diagram.
Table

Graph

Mapping Diagram
y
x

Holt Algebra 1

## The domain of a relation is the set

of first coordinates (or x-values) of
the ordered pairs.
The range of a relation is the set
of second coordinates (or y-values)
of the ordered pairs.

Holt Algebra 1

## Remember this way:

y

Range

my EX WIFE is a DR.
X

Holt Algebra 1

Domain

## 4-2 Relations and Functions

Check It Out! Example 2a
Give the domain and range of the relation.
6
5
2
1

Holt Algebra 1

1
0

Domain: {6, 5, 2, 1}
Range: {4, 1, 0}

## 4-2 Relations and Functions

Check It Out! Example 2b
Give the domain and range of the relation.

Holt Algebra 1

Domain: {1, 4, 8}
Range: {1, 4}

## 4-2 Relations and Functions

A function is a special type of relation
that pairs each domain value with
exactly one range value.
Notes:
If it is a function, then none of x
(domain) value should be repeated

Holt Algebra 1

## 4-2 Relations and Functions

Example 3A: Identifying Functions
Give the domain and range of the relation. Tell
whether the relation is a function. Explain.
{(3, 2), (5, 1), (4, 0), (3, 1)}

## The relation is not a function. Each domain value

does not have exactly one range value.
The domain value 3 is repeated, paired with the
range values 2 and 1.

Holt Algebra 1

## 4-2 Relations and Functions

Example 3B: Identifying Functions
Give the domain and range of the relation. Tell
whether the relation is a function. Explain.
4
8
4

## {(-4, 2), (-8, 2), (4, 1), (5, 1)}

5
This relation is a function. Each domain value is
paired with exactly one range value.
Holt Algebra 1

## 4-2 Relations and Functions

Example 3C: Identifying Functions
Give the domain and range of the relation. Tell
whether the relation is a function. Explain.
(-3,1)
(-3,-2)

## Draw in lines to see

the domain and range
values
Check out the points
that the line cut
through the plane

## The relation is not a function. Nearly all domain

values have more than one range value.
Holt Algebra 1

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