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ASEAN – German Technical Cooperation

Clean Air for Smaller Cities in the ASEAN Region

ASEAN - German Technical Cooperation

In the Fields of
Infrastructure, Environment and Cities

1. Clean Air for Smaller Cities in the


ASEAN Region
2. Sustainable Port Development
3. Energy Efficiency and Climate
Change Mitigation in the Transport
Sector (in the pipeline)

Roland Haas – GTZ


Principal Adivisor/Project Director
Thailand
ASEAN – German Technical Cooperation
Clean Air for Smaller Cities in the ASEAN Region

1. Clean Air for Smaller Cities (€ 2.5 mil)


ASEAN – German Technical Cooperation
Clean Air for Smaller Cities in the ASEAN Region

The Framework
• ASEAN Initiative on Environmentally
Sustainable Cities (AIESC) – 2003/05
• ASEAN Working Group on Environmentally
Sustainable Cities (AWESC) (clean water,
clean soil, clean air)
• ASEAN Secretariat requested the project
from German Government in 2006
• The German Federal Ministry for Economic
Cooperation and Development (BMZ)
commissioned GTZ to execute the project
in 2008
ASEAN – German Technical Cooperation
Clean Air for Smaller Cities in the ASEAN Region

Objective
Small and medium-sized cities are increasingly able to
develop and implement measures to improve the air
quality

Indicators
• At least 10 cities (150,000 – 1.5 million inhabitants) have a
Clean Air Plan (CAP)
• At least 7 cities are implementing CAPs

Project Period
January 2009 – December 2012

Input from German Government


€ 2.5 mill.
ASEAN – German Technical Cooperation
Clean Air for Smaller Cities in the ASEAN Region

The Outputs

• Review/revision of existing or establishment of


new Clean Air Action Plans
• Facilitation of public participation
• Support in the implementation and monitoring of
the Action Plans
• Identification of co-benefits with climate change
mitigation
• Support in finding financial assistance through
e.g. Development Banks (definition of “packages”)
ASEAN – German Technical Cooperation
Clean Air for Smaller Cities in the ASEAN Region

7 countries participate: Cambodia, Indonesia, PDR Lao,


Malaysia, Philippines, Thailand and Vietnam
ASEAN – German Technical Cooperation
Clean Air for Smaller Cities in the ASEAN Region
ASEAN – German Technical Cooperation
Clean Air for Smaller Cities in the ASEAN Region

The Road Maps towards a Clean Air Plan

• Preliminary analysis of the air quality in the city


• Preliminary analysis of the sources of air
pollution
• Assessment of the potential for public
participation
• Development of the lay-out and the table of
content for a clean air plan (CAP)
• Determination of the required steps to establish a
CAP (ca. 1 year)
ASEAN – German Technical Cooperation
Clean Air for Smaller Cities in the ASEAN Region

Key Issues of Road Maps and GTZ Support

• Development of stateholders’ visions and goals


• Refinement of air quality monitoring data
• Establishment of preliminary emissions inventories
• Strengthening of stationary sources emissions
enforcement
• Immediate actions for urban transport improvements
• Integration of urban development and transport
ASEAN – German Technical Cooperation
Clean Air for Smaller Cities in the ASEAN Region

Project Status 2009 and 2010


Activity City Road Map Vision and Emission Refine AQ Preliminary National
Selection Missions Goal Inventory Monitoring Transport Workshop
Country Workshops Improve-
ments
Thailand Chiang Mai CM: 06/09 CM: prep. Start CM: Start 03/10 CM: Start 12/09 06/2010
(CM), Nakon NR: 09/09 started in Oct. CM: 02/10 NR: Start 03/10 NR: Start 03/10
Ratchasima 09/ 3 Events in NR: 0/10
(NR) (06/09) Jan/Feb/Mar
NR: 06/2010

Philippines Iloilo (Ilo); Ilo: 10/09 Ilo: 05/10 Ilo: 04/10 Ilo: Start 05/10 Ilo: Start 04/10 Done in 10/09
Cagayan de CO: 05/10 CO: 07/10 CO: 06//10 CO: Start CO: Start
Oro (CO) 09/09 04//10 04//10

Cambodia Phnom Penh 11/09 open open open 05/10 05/10


(PP) – 08/09

Lao PDR Vientiane (V) 11/09 open open open 05/10 05/10
8/09

Indonesia Solo (S); P: 02/10 open open open open 04/10


Palembang (P): S: 06/10
10/09

Vietnam Bac Ninh (BN) 2nd half 2010 open open open open tentatively 2nd
Can Tho (CT) half of 2010
01/10
Malaysia No city selected 2nd half 2010 open open open open open
yet
ASEAN – German Technical Cooperation
Clean Air for Smaller Cities in the ASEAN Region

Our Approach – Our Philosophy

• The ownership is with the cities


• Maximum use of national and local know-how
• High degree of public participation in planning
and implementation
• Focus on the cities’ possibilities
“The low-hanging-fruits approach”
ASEAN – German Technical Cooperation
Clean Air for Smaller Cities in the ASEAN Region

Cooperation and Alliances

• Counterpart Organisation: ASEAN Secretariat


• Executing Agency: Secretariat of AWGESC
• National and international city associations
• Cooperation with Clean Air Initiative for Asian
Cities (CAI Asia Centre)
• Asian Institute of Technology
• City Development Initiative for Asia (CDIA) -
founded by German Government (BMZ) and ADB
in Februar 2007
• Others, such as World Bank, ADB, EU, KfW, other
donors
ASEAN – German Technical Cooperation
Clean Air for Smaller Cities in the ASEAN Region

2. Sustainable Port Development (€ 2.5 mil.)


ASEAN – German Technical Cooperation
Clean Air for Smaller Cities in the ASEAN Region

Project Objectives:
Two Phases of three years

Phase-I objective (after 3 years):


Selected ports comply with relevant international
environmental and safety standards and
conventions

Overall objective (after 6 years):


Selected ports have improved the quality and
efficiency of their environmental and safety
management systems.
ASEAN – German Technical Cooperation
Clean Air for Smaller Cities in the ASEAN Region

Important indicators:
• Relevant international standards have been
incorporated in port regulations (national legislations
to be adopted accordingly, if required)
• Standards are enforced (verified through Audits)
• The Personnel has accumulated relevant know-how to
enforce prevailing standards
• The environmental and safety systems are certified by
accredited bodies
• Negative environmental impacts are reduced
• The accident rate in ports has been reduced
ASEAN – German Technical Cooperation
Clean Air for Smaller Cities in the ASEAN Region

Three relevant project elements:

• Adoption of national legislation to international


standards and regulations
• Strengthening of enforcement capacities of
participating ports, including personnel abilities and
procedures
• Organisation, management and implementation of
training measures at regional and local level
ASEAN – German Technical Cooperation
Clean Air for Smaller Cities in the ASEAN Region

Results (Impacts)

• The environmental impacts and risks and the


accident rates in the participating ports are reduced
• The working conditions and welfare of port
personnel and the quality of live in the surrounding
port cities are increased
• The competitiveness and attractiveness of the ports
have improved
ASEAN – German Technical Cooperation
Clean Air for Smaller Cities in the ASEAN Region

Participating Ports:

At least one port per country:


• Cambodia (Sihanoukville, Phnom Penh)
• Indonesia (Jakarta and Surabaya)
• Malaysia (opern)
• Philippines (Iloilo and Cagayan de Oro)
• Thailand (Laem Chabang and Bangkok)
• Vietnam (Sai Gon)
• (Brunei Darussalam most welcome to participate at
own costs)
ASEAN – German Technical Cooperation
Clean Air for Smaller Cities in the ASEAN Region

Project Activities in the Ports of Iloilo and Cagayan de Oro

• Assessment of safety, health &


environmental (SHE) management
performance (completed)
• Development and implementation of SHE
Management Systems in accordance with
PSHEM Code of PEMSEA (2010 – 2012)
• Development of new Port SHE
Regulations in accordance with
international standards (2010)
• Development of Port Waste Management
Plans (2010)
• SHE introduction and management
training
ASEAN – German Technical Cooperation
Clean Air for Smaller Cities in the ASEAN Region

3. Energy Efficiency and Climate Change


Mitigation in the Transport Sector
(€ 2 mill. – requested by ASEAN Sec)
ASEAN – German Technical Cooperation
Clean Air for Smaller Cities in the ASEAN Region

The Project Objective


To limit the increase and ultimately reduce transport related fuel
consumption and greenhouse gas emissions through higher energy
efficiency of transport systems in the ASEAN region

Indicators:
•An overall strategy on climate and transport is agreed by the ASEAN Member
States by 201X (timeframe still to be defined)
•Implementation guidelines are developed and adopted by ASEAN Member
States by 201X
•Implementation of the strategies on climate and transport has started in at
least in three ASEAN Member States by end of 201X and in 4 more until one
year later.
•Up to four pilot measures for sustainable transport examples are under
implementation by end of 201X.
ASEAN – German Technical Cooperation
Clean Air for Smaller Cities in the ASEAN Region

Thank you!
Contact:
www.CitiesForCleanAir.org

Roland Haas
roland.haas@gtz.de
ASEAN – German Technical Cooperation
Clean Air for Smaller Cities in the ASEAN Region

The Regional Training


Approach
ASEAN – German Technical Cooperation
Clean Air for Smaller Cities in the ASEAN Region

The Reality

• Most AQM courses were developed and delivered by


experts from Europe and the United States
• Capacity building for delivery of training itself did
hardly take place, no “home” for training
• Donor-financed AQM training activities usually one
or two-time events, no follow-up, no evaluation of
impact
• High “instructor-dependency"
• Lack of systematic needs assessment, course
development and delivery
• But external funds for training will most likely
always be available…..
ASEAN – German Technical Cooperation
Clean Air for Smaller Cities in the ASEAN Region

The Regional Training Approach

The Vision
Training in clean air issues in the ASEAN Region is
efficient, effective and sustainably organised

Call for a systematic training approach, e.g. TRAINMAR,


following the UNCTAD Training Development Guidelines
ASEAN – German Technical Cooperation
Clean Air for Smaller Cities in the ASEAN Region

The Regional Training Approach
The TRAINMAR
Method
ASEAN – German Technical Cooperation
Clean Air for Smaller Cities in the ASEAN Region

The Regional Training Approach

Our Approach in Detail


•Develop a systematic needs analysis, based on a target-
oriented training approach
•Eliminate “instructor-dependency”
•Provide high quality, "pre-fabricated" training material by
specialised course developers
•Deliver training by experts trained as instructors, not by
teachers and professors

•Give the regional training system a branding e.g.“TRAIN


for Clean Air”
ASEAN – German Technical Cooperation
Clean Air for Smaller Cities in the ASEAN Region

The Regional Training Approach

Our Approach in Detail (2)


•Establish a regional hub for course development and
national networks of training centres
•Create a regional training system with clearly defined
"Building Blocks", i.e. topics which could be developed
independently from others
•Develop the basic Building Blocks with inputs from the
GTZ
•Approach other donors to join in to finance the
development of further Building Blocks
•Allow interested donors to finance delivery of courses
properly announced in an annual training programme
ASEAN – German Technical Cooperation
Clean Air for Smaller Cities in the ASEAN Region

The Regional Training Approach


Present Activities for Training in the Region:
•Course Developer Workshop – Bangkok December 2009
•Training Needs Analysis – February 2010
•Priority courses to be developed – as of April 2010
• General AQ management for decision makers of smaller
cities (1 day)
• Emission inventories for smaller cities (2-3 days)
• Air quality monitoring for smaller cities (2-3 days)
• General AQM for NGOs in smaller cities (2-3 days)
• Campaign planning and implementation for NGOs in
smaller cities (2-3 days)
•First course deliveries October 2010
ASEAN – German Technical Cooperation
Clean Air for Smaller Cities in the ASEAN Region

Thank you, again?


Contact:
www.CitiesForCleanAir.org

Roland Haas
roland.haas@gtz.de