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http://dx.doi.org/10.5272/jimab.2013194.

327
ISSN: 1312-773X (Online)

Journal of IMAB - Annual Proceeding (Scientific Papers) 2013, vol. 19, issue 4

QUESTIONNAIRE FOR STUDENTS FROM
FACULTIES OF DENTAL MEDICINE IN BULGARIA
REGARDING
THEIR
MOTIVATION
FOR
PARTICIPATION IN AND THE WAY THEY ARE
FAMILIAR WITH RESEARCH PROJECTS
Svetoslav Garov1, Maria Dencheva2, Angelina Kisselova2
1) Department of Health Policy and Management, Faculty of Public Health,
Medical University - Sofia, Bulgaria
2) Department of Imaging and Oral Diagnostic, Faculty of Dental Medicine,
Medical University - Sofia, Bulgaria

ABSTRACT:
Introduction: In recent years there has been a
significant increase in the number and value of projects
implemented by medical universities in Bulgaria. The
involvement of representatives of the student community in
the research teams increases their knowledge and skills and
in this way they also gain experience in team work and
become motivated to further develop their science careers.
Aim: The purpose of our study is by analyzing data
from our questionnaire to examine the level of students’
willingness to participate in research project activities
performed by Bulgarian faculties of Dental Medicine.
Material and methods: The written examination
technique has been applied as a primary empirical sociological
information registration method. For that purpose a 13question survey (questionnaire) has been prepared. The survey
is anonymous and it has been completed by 190 students in
their 4th and 5th year of studying in medical universities in
Sofia, Plovdiv and Varna. Data was collected during the
period from January to May 2013.
Results: In order for us to achieve the goal of this
study we focused on the questions from the questionnaire.
Conclusion: The role that research projects play in
medical universities and in particular in the faculties of dental
medicine in Bulgaria is of key importance for their
accreditation. The scientific cooperation between lecturers and
students is a prerequisite for developing a competitive
environment that defines the future scientific achievements in
the relevant research institution.
Key words: dental medicine, research projects,
questionnaire, students.
INTRODUCTION
In recent years there has been a significant increase
in the number and value of projects implemented by Faculties
of Dental Medicine from Medical Universities in Bulgaria.
/ J of IMAB. 2013, vol. 19, issue 4/

[6, 7, 8] The involvement of representatives of the student
community in the research teams increases their knowledge
and skills and in this way they also gain experience in team
work and become motivated to further develop their science
careers.[2, 9, 10,] Participation of dental students in research
projects is very important on their undergraduate and
postgraduate success. [3, 1] Also the projects are an
opportunity to develop their clinical competency [4] and to
promote leadership in medical education. [11]
AIM
The purpose of our study is by analyzing data from
our questionnaire to examine the level of students’ willingness
to participate in research project activities performed by
Bulgarian faculties of Dental Medicine
MATERIAL AND METHODS
The written examination technique has been applied
as a primary empirical sociological information registration
method. For that purpose a 13-question survey (questionnaire)
has been prepared. The survey (Questionnaire on research
activities – Appendix 1) is anonymous and it has been
completed by 190 students in their 4th and 5th year of
studying in medical universities in Sofia, Plovdiv and Varna.
Data was collected during the period from January to May
2013.
Statistical processing and analysis of the information
have been performed using Windows 11 SPSS statistics
package. Microsoft Office package software has been used
for graphic images such as tables and figures used as visual
aids.
RESULTS AND DISCUSSION
In order for us to achieve the goal of this study we
focused mainly on the following questions from the
questionnaire:

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Such answers prove the need of a more detailed information campaign among students aimed at explaining the benefits and ways of participation in research projects . 4. Students’ participation in research projects II². IV. 4.I.8% consider project implementation procedures as a difficult task and 14. The results obtained are completely logical and correspond to their position in the education institution. Students’ participation in research project activities 328 http://www.e. Fig. Research activity unit members Fig. Research project participation – Question No 3. Research project implementation – difficulty level – Question No 5. Willingness and motivation to participate in research project activities – Question No 4. Research activity unit members – Question No 7. which is directly correlated to their answers to the question of their awareness of application procedures (i.7% of the students have participated in research projects while at the same time 54. 92. 2. Students’ answers clearly show that they do not have any illusions about the complexity involved in research project implementation and that they are aware of the high level of work load related to such implementation. Application procedure awareness – Question No 2. This question was meant to study opinions regarding research activity unit members with the purpose of establishing such a unit in the relevant faculty or its optimization corresponding to the dynamics of development in the relevant field – Fig. Only 3. Fig. 1. 19. team formation.Fig.3% of the students surveyed claim not to have participated in research projects. II. 3. Our data collected from all three faculties of Dental Medicine reveals that only 4.1% of the students have given negative answers to the question regarding the awareness of the major steps in applying for competition programs – idea. 3.Fig. Availability of enough time for participation in such auxiliary activities ranks second as a precondition for students’ involvement.2% express their explicit willingness to do so.7% – as a very difficult one . 95. 1. cost analysis.journal-imab-bg. vol. Research project implementation – difficulty level Fig.org / J of IMAB.Fig. issue 4/ . 2. V.2% find financial stimulus for participation as the most important one . 2013. submitting documents and implementation stages. Question No 2). Results from the questionnaire participants’ opinions summary show indisputable facts according to which 80.

obviously estimating that such participation will not be a serious problem if organization is good.1%) and the joint team work with their lecturers. The question related to FP7 was aimed at estimating to what extent the students surveyed had knowledge of the various scientific cooperation programs. Student’s participation in research projects VII. We consider that this percentage could be much higher in cases of active information campaigns held by the relevant university specialized unit. In our opinion and in the opinion of most lecturers who filled in the questionnaire the involvement of students as part of the research team is of great significance since it provides opportunities for gaining new knowledge and experience in team work. / J of IMAB.8% of them find it difficult to combine project activities with education. accountants.7% of the students give individual answers different from the proposed ones and those participants insist on involving other people such as lecturers not having any academic ranks. which shows clear awareness of the multidisciplinary nature of research project activities. VI. 51%. 6. which could ensure optimization of the activities performed. etc. [5] http://www. lawyers. It turned out that half of them. Students aware that the unit in charge of projects should comprise of a large number of experts express their somewhat intuitive opinion on the involvement of people with different occupations. sanitary attendants). IX. 8.Result data is as follows: 20% of the students think that such structure should include academic rank lecturers only and 69. consultants. Major advantages of such participation according to students are: the possibility to experience work with innovative technologies and special equipment (61. etc.7%) Fig. Fig.Question No 10.org 329 .. Only 26. vol.Fig.Fig. 2013. issue 4/ According to students (69. Fig. 6. Advantages of research project participation – Question No 9.3% share the opinion that it should involve academic rank lecturers. 7. presenting research results at various forums (33. Disadvantages of students’ participation in research projects Fig. Advantages of students’ participation in research projects VIII. 5. students’ representatives. Student’s participation in research projects – Question No 8.5%) the main difficulty regarding their participation in research projects is the additional burden that such participation represents. Disadvantages of students’ participation in research projects . As far as the educational institution is concerned research projects are treated as some kind of a “workshop” for future young research personnel .journal-imab-bg. give the correct answer that FP7 is an international scientific cooperation program . What is FP7? – Question No 11. 5. 19. The third considerable group of answers is also interesting – 18. supporting staff representatives (nurses.

CONCLUSION The role that research projects play in medical universities and in particular in the faculties of dental medicine in Bulgaria is of key importance for their accreditation. Most students prefer to obtain information about research projects both from the Internet and from specialized units at the Faculties of Dental Medicine (FDM) (59.journal-imab-bg. This form of scientific cooperation between lecturers and students is a prerequisite for developing a competitive environment that defines the future scientific achievements in the relevant research institution.org D / J of IMAB. 9. Appendix 1 (Questionnaire regarding research activities performed in faculties of Dental Medicine in Bulgaria) QUESTIONNAIRE Question Question No 1. Would you like to participate in Yes application for a research project? No No Only if I have free time Only if the pay is good 5. 8.5%) – Fig. Knowledge of FP7 X. Extracurricular activities and other forms of education resulting in earning credits appear as a stepping stone for selecting the best prepared students and their involvement in a particular project research team.Fig. vol. Ways of receiving information according to students’ demands Fig. 9. Are you familiar with the research Yes project application procedure? B C Employee/lecturer of Student no academic rank No 3. In your opinion a research project Very difficult implementation is: 6. Method of obtaining up-to-date information – Question No 13. What is your opinion on establishing Definitely positive a unit at the Faculty of Dental Medicine dedicated especially to implement research projects: Difficult Easy Very easy Positive Negative Definitely negative 330 http://www. This shows Bulgarian dental medicine students’ hunger for more sources of up-to-date scientific information. issue 4/ . 19. 2013. What is your status in the Faculty? À Academic rank lecturer 2. Have you participated in a research Yes project at your university? 4.

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