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The Betel: The Betel (Piper betle) is the leaf of a vine belonging to the

Piperaceae family, which includes pepper and Kava. It is valued both as a


mild stimulant and for its medicinal properties. Betel leaf is mostly
consumed in Asia, and elsewhere in the world by some Asian emigrants, as
betel quid or paan, with or without tobacco, in an addictive psychostimulating and euphoria-inducing formulation with adverse health effects.
The betel plant is an evergreen and perennial creeper, with glossy heartshaped leaves and white catkin. The betel plant originated from South and
South East Asia (India, Nepal, Bangladesh and Sri Lanka).
Tulsi leaf: The tulsi plant has many medicinal properties. The leaves are a
nerve tonic and also sharpen memory. They promote the removal of the
catarrhal matter and phlegm from the bronchial tube. The leaves strengthen
the stomach and induce copious perspiration. The seed of the plant are
mucilaginous. Tulsi is known as Holy basil which is worshipped in the
morning and evening by Hindus at large. It is considered as Indias Queen of
herbs. They are largely used in ayurvedic meidicines. It has got medicinal
properties as well as cosmetic properties. Tulsi is grown in almost all Indian
homes.
Curry leaves: Curry leaves are aromatic herbs that have a special place in
South Indian and Sri Lankan cuisine. In fact, now its also an important
ingredient in Malaysian and Thai cooking. Curry leaves are used as a unique
flavouring agent making it impossible to make rasam and sambar without
them. Its leaves are used in many dishes in India and neighbouring contries.
Often used in curries, the leaves generally go by the name "curry leaves",
though they are also called "sweet neem leaves".
The leaves are highly valued as seasoning in southern and west-coast Indian
cooking, and Sri Lankan cooking, especially in curries, usually fried along

with the chopped onion in the first stage of the preparation. They are also
used to make thoran, vada, rasam and kadhi. In their fresh form, they have a
short shelf life, and they don't keep well in the refrigerator. They are also
available dried, though the aroma is largely inferior.
Mango Leaf: Fresh mango leaves are orange-pink and rust in color when
young and turns dark green when reaches maturity. In India, the leaves are
commonly used as wedding decorations and religious ceremonies.
The tender leaves are also said to have medicinal uses such as aiding early
stages of diabetes. Soak the fresh leaves in water overnight and squeeze
them well in water before taking out. Drink the infused water every morning
and it may help control early diabetes.
The leaves can also be dried in the shade then turned into powder. Take half
a teaspoonful of the powder twice a day, morning and night time.
Mango leaves are alternately arranged, lanceolate (long and narrow) shaped ,
6 to 16 inches in length, and leathery in texture.
The leaves are pinkish, amber, or pale green-colored when young and
become dark green at maturity.
Mango leaf gall midge (Procontarinia pustulata) is a serious pest of mango
leaves that is not present in Queensland mango production areas. It has been
found on eight Torres Strait Islands, and the very northern tip of Cape York
Peninsula at Punsand Bay and Somerset.
This pest is indigenous to India, where there are many species of leaf gall
midges found on mango, many of which are Procontarinia species. The
insect has spread via infested plants to Mauritius, Kenya, Oman, South
Africa and Malaysia.
Banana leaf

Banana leaf is the leaf of the Banana plant. It is used for various functions,
such as for decorative elements, wrappings, plate mat, and employed in
cooking method.
It is used as a decorative element for special ceremonies in Hindu and
Buddhist cultures. It is also used as a plate to serve food in countries like
India and Philippines. Banana leaves, though commonly thrown away,
contain large amounts of polyphenols, including EGCG, similar to green tea.
They also contain polyphenol oxidase, that could be used to produce LDOPA, a treatment for Parkinson's disease.
Coconut Leaf: The coconut Coconut produces a crown of pinnately
compound yellow-green leaves called fronds. Each frond reaches 15 to 17
feet in length.
Indigenous tribes of tropical regions have long used Coconut leaves for their
fibrous properties to produce woven and hand-crafted household items.
Coconut leaflets are typically sewn together to form plaits, which constitute
the skeletal structure of baskets, mats, sacks, fans and hats, according to the
FAO Corporate Document Repository website. A useful cord is made by
rolling leaf fibers into strands. The cord is helpful for tying bundles of plants
and vegetables. Coconut leaf cords are also used to create nets for
transporting cargo and forage. Fishnets and open hammocks are also created
with Coconut leaf cords, while heavier cords act as climbing ropes that are
used to scale trees during Coconut leaf harvesting. Dwarf Coconut leaf
fibers are commonly placed within furniture as mattress or cushion stuffing.
Lemon leaves: Lemon leaves are aromatic, deep green and shiny, and useful
in many applications. Because they are not toxic, they can be used widely,
including in cooking. If you have access to a lemon tree you will be
pleasantly surprised to find how many ways people use the leaves. The

lemon leaves are dark green in color and arranged alternately on the stem.
What appears to be a slender second leaf (called a wing) is present on the
petiole.
Neem leaves: Neem leaves grow on the neem tree, Azadirachta indica,
native to India and Southeast Asia. A fast growing evergreen and
ornamental, its leaves are available for collection year round, except in times
of severe drought or if the neem leaves are killed off by frost, notes the
University of Michigan Health Center (UMHC).
They are widely used in Ayurveda. The leaf extract is used in toothpastes,
skin products and mouthwashes. It is also used in making creams for local
application. The leaves are also used in making Neem tea and in capsule
form. The leaves are also used to extract Neem juice.
Tea Leaves:Leaves are dark green. Best tea is produced from young shoots
and buds. Cultivated Camellia sinensis are maintained 3-5 feet. Important
factors affecting quality: air, water, sun light... The plants are harvested
when they are 3 years old . The leaves contain caffeine, vitamins C, B2, D,
K, calcium, iron, and copper...
The tea plant that produces all of the different color of tea like black, green,
and yellow tea in the market today is Camellia Sinensis. Tea plant Camellia
Sinensis was first cultivated in China.
Papaya Leaf

Papaya leaf has been found to possess anti- malarial properties as well.
Thus, papaya leaf juice is often used in some parts of the world as a
prophylactic for preventing malaria in certain endemic regions. Papaya
leaves contain important nutrients such as vitamins A, B1, C and E,
calories, protein, carbohydrates, calcium, phosphorus, iron and water.