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Appendix A

Tank Calculations

TANK CALCULATIONS

Kinder Morgan
Relief Tank
30-0" D x 40-0" H
Tag# TBD
Edson Station

2014-031-1

DESIGN ENGINEER
Chris Samm

Customer:
Kinder Morgan
Job Number:
2014-031-1
Date: 09-26-2014

Standard Compliant Errors


Standard Compliant Errors

Rev.: 0

Customer:
Kinder Morgan
Job Number:
2014-031-1
Date: 09-26-2014

Rev.: 0

Comments
Comments
Shell
Joint efficiency for all shell courses = 100%. X-rays are required. Quantity of x-rays shall
be per 8.1.2.
Roof
Roof is single lap welded
Internal pressure does not exceed weight of roof. Appendix F calculations not required.
Wind
Per 5.2.1 (k)(1)(a), wind loads are based on ASCE 7-05.
Shell External Pressure
Per 5.2.5, vacuum calculations are not required.
Seismic
Tank is self-anchored
Freeboard equal to 0.7 times the calculated wave height is recommended but not required. The
required minimum freeboard = 0.334. The available freeboard = 0.000.
Tank is stable against sliding.
Anchor Bolt and Anchor Chair
Tank is not anchored

Customer:
Kinder Morgan
Job Number:
2014-031-1
Date: 09-26-2014

Rev.: 0

Design Data
Tank Diameter ..........................................

30'- 0.0000" (Centerline)

Tank Height ............................................

40'- 0.0000"

High Liquid Level ......................................

40'- 0.0000"

Normal Liquid Level ....................................

40'- 0.0000"

Low Liquid Level .......................................

0'- 0.0000"

Total Capacity .........................................

211,198 gallons
5,029 barrels

Working Capacity .......................................

211,198 gallons
5,029 barrels

Design Standard.........................................

API-650 12th Edition, Annex F, E

Design Metal Temperature ...............................

-40 F

Operating Temperature ..................................

200 F

Design Temperature .....................................

200 F

Roof Live Load .........................................

20.00 psf

Ground Snow Load ......................................

45.90 psf

Roof Design Snow Load (0.84 x Ground Snow Load)......

38.56 psf

Additional Roof Loads ...................................

0.00 psf

Wind:
Velocity per ASCE 7-05 Figure 6-1 . . . . . . . . . . .

88 mph

Importance Factor ..................................

1.00

Exposure ...........................................

Seismic:
Site Class .........................................

Importance Factor ..................................

1.00

Use Group ..........................................

Ss Value ...........................................

10.00 %

S1 Value ...........................................

5.00 %

Vertical Acceleration ..............................

0.00 g

Transitional Period (TL) ...........................


Page 1 of 15

12

Customer:
Kinder Morgan
Job Number:
2014-031-1
Date: 09-26-2014
Specific Gravity .......................................
Internal Pressure (Design)..............................
(Operating)..............................
External Pressure (Design)..............................
(Operating)..............................

Rev.: 0

1.000
0.06 inches of water
Atmospheric
1.00 inches of water
Atmospheric

Corrosion Allowance:
Bottom .............................................

0.0000 in

Shell Courses 1 - 1 ................................

0.0000 in

Courses 2 - 2 ................................

0.0000 in

Courses 3 - 5 ................................

0.0000 in

Roof ...............................................

0.0000 in

Compression Ring ...................................

0.0000 in

Page 2 of 15

Customer:
Kinder Morgan
Job Number:
2014-031-1
Date: 09-26-2014

Rev.: 0

Summary
Total Weight of Tank: 54,226 lbs
Total Operating Weight: 1,816,094 lbs
Total Testing Weight: 1,816,094 lbs
Bottom
Flat Bottom:
0.2500 in (CSA G40.21M-38W FG) PL

(weight: 7,378 lbs)

Outside projection = 2.0000 in


Shell
Shell Course 01: 0.2500 in (CSA G40.21M-38W FG) PL x 96.0000 in wide

(weight: 7,698 lbs)

Shell Course 02: 0.2500 in (CSA G40.21M-38W FG) PL x 96.0000 in wide

(weight: 7,698 lbs)

Shell Course 03: 0.2500 in (CSA G40.21M-38W FG) PL x 96.0000 in wide

(weight: 7,698 lbs)

Shell Course 04: 0.2500 in (CSA G40.21M-38W FG) PL x 96.0000 in wide

(weight: 7,698 lbs)

Shell Course 05: 0.2500 in (CSA G40.21M-38W FG) PL x 96.0000 in wide

(weight: 7,698 lbs)

Self-Supporting Cone Roof


0.2500 in (CSA G40.21M-38W FG) PL
Roof Slope: 4.5000 in 12

(weight: 7,708 lbs)

: 20.5560

Roof Rise:

5.6250 ft

Roof is single lap welded


Compression Ring
Horizontal bar - 0.5000 inches thick x 4.0000 inches wide per Detail h
Weight: 649 lbs
Bar is welded to the outside of the shell
Bar is attached 0.3750 inches below the top of shell

Page 3 of 15

(A36)

Customer:
Kinder Morgan
Job Number:
2014-031-1
Date: 09-26-2014

Bottom Design
Flat Bottom
Material Grade:
Thickness (tb):
Corrosion Allowance (CA):

CSA G40.21M-38W
0.2500 in
0.0000 in

Minimum required outside projection per 5.4.2 = 2.0000 in


Actual outside projection (p) = 2.0000 in
Minimum thickness per 5.4.1 = 0.2360 in

Page 4 of 15

Rev.: 0

Customer:
Kinder Morgan
Job Number:
2014-031-1
Date: 09-26-2014

Shell Design
Per 5.6.3.2
td = 2.6_(H_-_1.0)D_G
Sd

+ CA

where
Diameter (D) = 30.0000 ft
Specific Gravity (G) = 1.000

tt = 2.6_(H_-_1.0)D
St

Shell Course 01
Material Grade:

Shell Height:

CSA G40.21M-38W FG

8.0000 ft

Product Design Stress per Table 5-2 (Sd) = 24000.0000 psi


H = 40.0000 ft
Corrosion Allowance (CA): 0.0000 in
Hydrostatic Test Stress per Table 5-2 (St) = 25700.0000 psi
td =

(2.6)(40.0000_-_1.0)(30.0000)(1.0000)
24000.0000
(2.6)(40.0000_-_1.0)(30.0000)
25700.0000

tt =

+ 0.0000 = 0.1268 in

= 0.1184 in

(Per 5.6.1.1 - min. t = 0.2500 in)


Actual t = 0.2500 in

Shell Course 02
Material Grade:

Shell Height:

CSA G40.21M-38W FG

8.0000 ft

Product Design Stress per Table 5-2 (Sd) = 24000.0000 psi


H = 32.0000 ft
Corrosion Allowance (CA): 0.0000 in
Hydrostatic Test Stress per Table 5-2 (St) = 25700.0000 psi
td =

tt =

(2.6)(32.0000_-_1.0)(30.0000)(1.0000)
24000.0000
(2.6)(32.0000_-_1.0)(30.0000)
25700.0000
(Per 5.6.1.1 - min. t = 0.1875 in)
Actual t = 0.2500 in

Page 5 of 15

+ 0.0000 = 0.1008 in

= 0.0941 in

Rev.: 0

Customer:
Kinder Morgan
Job Number:
2014-031-1
Date: 09-26-2014

Shell Course 03
Material Grade:

Shell Height:

CSA G40.21M-38W FG

8.0000 ft

Product Design Stress per Table 5-2 (Sd) = 24000.0000 psi


H = 24.0000 ft
Corrosion Allowance (CA): 0.0000 in
Hydrostatic Test Stress per Table 5-2 (St) = 25700.0000 psi
td =

(2.6)(24.0000_-_1.0)(30.0000)(1.0000)
24000.0000
(2.6)(24.0000_-_1.0)(30.0000)
25700.0000

tt =

+ 0.0000 = 0.0748 in

= 0.0698 in

(Per 5.6.1.1 - min. t = 0.1875 in)


Actual t = 0.2500 in

Shell Course 04
Material Grade:

Shell Height:

CSA G40.21M-38W FG

8.0000 ft

Product Design Stress per Table 5-2 (Sd) = 24000.0000 psi


H = 16.0000 ft
Corrosion Allowance (CA): 0.0000 in
Hydrostatic Test Stress per Table 5-2 (St) = 25700.0000 psi
td =

tt =

(2.6)(16.0000_-_1.0)(30.0000)(1.0000)
24000.0000
(2.6)(16.0000_-_1.0)(30.0000)
25700.0000
(Per 5.6.1.1 - min. t = 0.1875 in)
Actual t = 0.2500 in

Page 6 of 15

+ 0.0000 = 0.0488 in

= 0.0455 in

Rev.: 0

Customer:
Kinder Morgan
Job Number:
2014-031-1
Date: 09-26-2014

Shell Course 05
Material Grade:

Shell Height:

CSA G40.21M-38W FG

8.0000 ft

Product Design Stress per Table 5-2 (Sd) = 24000.0000 psi


H = 8.0000 ft
Corrosion Allowance (CA): 0.0000 in
Hydrostatic Test Stress per Table 5-2 (St) = 25700.0000 psi
td =

tt =

(2.6)(8.0000_-_1.0)(30.0000)(1.0000)
24000.0000
(2.6)(8.0000_-_1.0)(30.0000)
25700.0000
(Per 5.6.1.1 - min. t = 0.1875 in)
Actual t = 0.2500 in

Page 7 of 15

+ 0.0000 = 0.0228 in

= 0.0212 in

Rev.: 0

Customer:
Kinder Morgan
Job Number:
2014-031-1
Date: 09-26-2014

Rev.: 0

Self-Supporting Cone Roof per API-650


Material Grade:
Roof Thickness (tr):

CSA G40.21M-38W
0.2500 in

Corrosion Allowance (CA):

Roof Slope: 4.5000 in 12


: 20.5560
Roof Rise: 5.6250 ft

0.0000 in

Tank Diameter (D):

Live
Snow
Dead
Ext.

30.0000 ft

Roof is single lap welded

Load (Lv):
Load (Sb):
Load (DL):
Pressure (Pe):

20.0000
38.5560
10.2100
5.1960

lbf/ft
lbf/ft
lbf/ft
lbf/ft

Per 5.2.2(e)(1), T = DL + (Lv or Sb) + 0.40Pe =


10.2100 + 38.5560 + (0.40)(5.1960) = 50.8444 lbf/ft
Per 5.2.2(e)(2), T = DL + 0.4(Lv or Sb) + Pe =
10.2100 + (0.4)(38.5560) + 5.1960 = 30.8284 lbf/ft
Use greater of (1) or (2), T = 50.8444 lbf/ft
Minimum thickness per 5.10.5.1 =0.1875

in

Per 5.10.5.1:
tr =

______D______
400.0000 sin

__T__
45.0000

________30.0000______
400.0000 sin(20.5560)

For Unbalanced Snow Load:

+ CA =

_50.8444_
45.0000

+ 0.0000 = 0.2270 in

Su = 1.5 Sb = 1.5 * 38.5560 = 57.8340 lbf/ft

Per 5.2.2(e)(1), U = DL + Su + 0.40Pe =


10.2100 + 57.8340 + (0.40)(5.1960) = 70.1224 lbf/ft
Per 5.2.2(e)(2), U = DL + 0.4(Su) + Pe =
10.2100 + (0.4)(57.8340) + 5.1960 = 38.5396 lbf/ft
Use greater of (1) or (2), U = 70.1224 lbf/ft
Per 5.10.5.1:
tr =

______D______
460.0sin

__U__
45.0000

________30.0000______
460.0 sin(20.5560)

+ CA =

_70.1224_
45.0000

Page 8 of 15

+ 0.0000 = 0.2319 in

Customer:
Kinder Morgan
Job Number:
2014-031-1
Date: 09-26-2014

Rev.: 0

Per 5.10.5.2:
p = Greater of T or U = 70.1224 lbf/ft
For Shell, Fy = 38000.0000 psi
For Roof, Fy = 38000.0000 psi
For Compression Ring, Fy = 36000.0000 psi
Least Fy = 36000.0000 psi
Fa = 0.6Fy = 0.6 * 36000.0000 = 21600.0000 psi

Ar =

____pD______
8Fa tan

_____(70.1224)(30.0000)______
8 * 21600.0000 * tan(20.5560)

Page 9 of 15

= 0.9739 in

Customer:
Kinder Morgan
Job Number:
2014-031-1
Date: 09-26-2014

Rev.: 0

Compression Ring
Horizontal bar - 0.5000 inches thick x 4.0000 inches wide per Detail h
Bar is welded to the outside of the shell
Bar is attached 0.3750 inches below the top of shell
Material: A36

API-650_Figure_F-2
Rc = 180.0000 in
Roof Angle () = 20.5560
R2 = Rc/(sin ) = 180.0000/(sin 20.5560) = 512.6402 in
th = 0.2500 in
wh = 0.3 (R2th) = 0.3 (512.6402 * 0.2500) = 3.3962 in
not to exceed 12.0000 in
therefore wh = 3.3962 in
Available area from roof (Ar) = thwh = 0.2500 * 3.3962 = 0.8491 in
tc = 0.2500 in
wc = 0.6 (Rctc) = 0.6 (180.0000 * 0.2500) = 4.0249 in
Available area from shell (As) = wctc = 4.0249 * 0.2500 = 1.0062 in
tb = 0.5000 in
Horizontal projection of bar (a1) = 4.0000 in
Maximum horizontal projection = tb * 3000/(Fy)= 0.5000 * 3000/(36000.0000)
= 7.9057 in
therefore a1 = 4.0000 in
Available area from compression ring (Ac) = a1tb = 4.0000 * 0.5000 = 2.0000 in
Total available area (At) = Ar + As + Ac = 0.8491 + 1.0062 + 2.0000 = 3.8553 in

Page 10 of 15

Customer:
Kinder Morgan
Job Number:
2014-031-1
Date: 09-26-2014

Wind Calculations
Wind Velocity per ASCE 7-05 Figure 6-1 = 88 mph
Tank diameter (D) = 30.0000 ft
Thinnest shell course thickness (t) = 0.2500 in
Exposure C
Importance factor (I) = 1.00
Per 5.2.1 (k)(1)(a), wind loads are based on ASCE 7-05.
For Shell:
Centroid of shell Cs = 20.0000 ft
z = Cs but not less than 15.00 ft
z = 20.0000 ft from bottom of tank
Per ASCE7, zg = 900.00 ft
= 9.50
Kz = 2.01(20.00/900.00)^(2/9.50) = 0.902

Kd = 0.95
Kzt = 1.00
h/D = 40.00/30.00 = 1.33
Per 5.2.1(k)(1)(a), V = (88)( 1.0000)= 88.00 mph
qz = 0.00256KzKztKdV =
(0.00256)(0.902)(1.00)(0.95)(88.00) = 16.99 lbf/ft
Cf = 0.50 +[(0.60 - 0.50)/(7.00 - 1.00)](1.33 - 1.00) = 0.5056
G = 0.85
Pw = qzGCf = (16.99)(0.85)(0.5056) = 7.2991 lbf/ft
but not less than 10.0000 lbf/ft
= 10.0000 lbf/ft

For Roof:
Top of roof Cs = 45.63 ft
z = Cs but not less than 15.00 ft
z = 45.63 ft from bottom of tank
Per ASCE7, zg = 900.00 ft
= 9.50
Kz = 2.01(45.63/900.00)^(2/9.50) = 1.073

Page 11 of 15

Rev.: 0

Customer:
Kinder Morgan
Job Number:
2014-031-1
Date: 09-26-2014

Rev.: 0

Kd = 0.85
Kzt = 1.00
V = 88.00 mph
qz = 0.00256KzKztKdV =
(0.00256)(1.073)(1.00)(0.85)(88.00) = 18.0792 lbf/ft
GCp = 0.90
Uw = qzGCp = (18.0792)(0.90) = 16.2713 lbf/ft
Pwr = qzGCf = (18.0792)(0.85)(0.5056) = 7.7691 lbf/ft
but not less than 10.0000 lbf/ft
= 10.00 lbf/ft

Per 5.9.7.1:
Per ASCE7, Kz = 0.90
Kd = 0.95
Kzt = 1.00
V = 120.00 mph
G = 0.85
P = 5.00 lbf/ft
Pw = 0.00256KzKztKdVIG + P =
(0.00256)(0.90)(1.00)(0.95)(120.00)(1.00)(0.85) + 5.00 = 31.8470 lbf/ft
Multiplier (m) = Pw/36.00 = 31.8470/36.00 = 0.8846
not less than 1.0, therefore m = 1.0000
Per 5.9.7.1: H1 = 600000.00t[(t/D)](120/V) =
(600000.00)(0.2500)[(0.2500 / 30.0000)](120/88.00) = 212.1859 ft

Per 5.9.7.2: tuniform = t = 0.2500 in


For each shell course, Wtr = W

tuniform
tactual

(Shell courses are numbered from bottom to top)


Shell Course

W (ft)

Tactual (in)

Wtr (ft)

8.0000

0.2500

8.0000

8.0000

0.2500

8.0000

8.0000

0.2500

8.0000

8.0000

0.2500

8.0000

8.0000

0.2500

8.0000

Total Transposed Width:

Page 12 of 15

40.0000

Customer:
Kinder Morgan
Job Number:
2014-031-1
Date: 09-26-2014

Rev.: 0

Overturning moment:
Total vertical height (H) = 40.0000 ft
Overturning Moment (Mw) = (PwDH/2 + Uw D/8) =
= [(10.0000)(30.0000)(40.0000)/2 + (16.2713)( )(30.0000)/8] = 412522.8125 ft-lbs

Overturning moment:
Total shell vertical height (H) = 40.0000 ft
Vertical roof area (Ar) = 84.3750 ft
Distance to roof (Hr) = 45.6250 ft
Overturning Moment (Mws) = (PwDH/2 + PwrArHr) =
= [(10.0000)(30.0000)(40.0000)/2 + (10.0000)(84.3750)(45.6250)]
= 278496.0938 ft-lbs

Moment due to internal pressure:


Pi = 0.0022 psig
MPi = (Pi * 144) D/8 =
= (0.0022 * 144)( )(30.0000)/8 = 3305.5524 ft-lbs
Check for tank stability without anchors per 5.11.2
Weight of shell (DLS) = 39139.4343 lbs
MDL = DLS * D/2 = 39139.4343 * 30.0000 / 2 = 587091.5150 ft-lbs
Weight of roof (DLR) = 7707.7847 lbs
MDLR = DLR * D/2 = 7707.7847 * 30.0000 / 2 = 115616.7707 ft-lbs

wL

Bottom thickness used (tb) = 0.2500 in


Bottom material yield strength (Fby) = 38000.0000 psi
= 4.6700tb (FbyH) = (4.6700)(0.2500)(38000.0000 * 40.0000) = 1439.3907 lbf/ft
not to exceed 0.900HD = 0.900 * 40.0000 * 30.0000 = 1080.0000 lbf/ft
therefore, wL = 1080.0000 lbf/ft

MF = wL( )D/2 = (1080.0000)( )(30.0000)/2 = 1526814.0296 ft-lbs


For tank to be stable: 0.6Mw + Mpi < MDL/1.5 + MDLR
and Mw + 0.40Mpi < (MDL + MF)/2 + MDLR
0.6Mw + Mpi = (0.6)(412522.8125) + (3305.5524) = 250819.2399 ft-lbs
MDL/1.5 + MDLR = 587091.5150/1.5 + 115616.7707 = 507011.1141 ft-lbs
Mw + 0.40Mpi = 412522.8125 + (0.40)(3305.5524) = 413845.0335 ft-lbs
(MDL + MF)/2 + MDLR = (587091.5150 + 1526814.0296)/2 + 115616.7707
= 1172569.5431 ft-lbs

For tank to be stable: Mws + 0.40Mpi < MDL/1.5 + MDLR


Mws + 0.40Mpi = (278496.0938) + (0.40)(3305.5524) = 279818.3147 ft-lbs
MDL/1.5 + MDLR = 587091.5150/1.5 + 115616.7707 = 507011.1141 ft-lbs

Page 13 of 15

Customer:
Kinder Morgan
Job Number:
2014-031-1
Date: 09-26-2014

Rev.: 0

Check for Sliding (tank empty):


Sliding Force (Vw) = 0.6(PwDH) =
0.6((10.0000)(30.0000)(40.0000)) = 7200.0000 lbs

Resistance to Sliding (Vs) = 0.4(Ws + Wr + Wf - 0.6(Uw)( )(D)/4) =


0.4(39139.4343 + 7707.7847 + 7378.2930 - 0.6(16.2713)( )(30.0000)/4]
= 18929.8398 lbs
Check for Sliding (tank empty):
Sliding Force (Vw) = [(PwDH + PwrAr)] =
[((10.0000)(30.0000)(40.0000) +
(10.00)(84.38))] = 12,843.75 lbs
Resistance to Sliding (Vs) = 0.4(Ws + Wr + Wf) =
0.4(39139.4343 + 7707.7847 + 7378.2930) = 21,690.20 lbs

Page 14 of 15

Customer:
Kinder Morgan
Job Number:
2014-031-1
Date: 09-26-2014

Rev.: 0

Foundation Loads
Dead
Dead
Dead
Wind

Load
Load
Load
Load

=
+
+
+

497 lbf/ft
Live Load = 647 lbf/ft
Snow Load = 786 lbf/ft
Dead Load = 891 lbf/ft

(Wind Foundation Moment = 278,496 ft-lbs)


(Wind Horizontal Force = 12,000 lbs)
Seismic Load + Dead Load (ringwall foundation) = 1,699 lbf/ft
Seismic Load + Dead Load (slab foundation) = 1,987 lbf/ft
(Note: For Seismic the dead load has a portion of the vertical acceleration
added to it and includes a portion of the snow load)
(Seismic Overturning Moment (ringwall) (Mrw) = 829,489 ft-lbs)
(Seismic Overturning Moment (slab) (Ms) = 1,032,975 ft-lbs)
(Seismic Horizontal Force =

47,006 lbs)

Product Load + Bottom = 2,506 lbf/ft

Total Weight of Tank: 54,226 lbs


Total Operating Weight: 1,816,094 lbs
Total Testing Weight: 1,816,094 lbs

Page 15 of 15