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“A STUDY OF EFFECTIVENESS OF A

PROGRAMME FOR 5TH STD STUDENT OF ZILLA
PARISHAD PRIMARY SCHOOL SOLAPUR TO
MINIMISE THE PROBLEM
OF MAP FILLING IN THE SUBJECT
GEOGRAPHY.”
SUBMITTED TO
D.I.E.T PUNE
FOR THE DEGREE OF D.T.E.D
SUBMITTED
BY

Rupali Mahadev Mane
DIV: B
ROLL NO.-43
GUIDE BY
MRS. SHEHNAZ MAM
M.C.E. SOCIETY JR. COLLEGE OF EDUCATION
(ENGLISH MEDIUM)
AZAM CAMPUS PUNE – 1
YEAR

(2011- 2012)

CERTIFICATE

This is to certify that Miss. Rupali Mahadev Mane has completed
the study incorporated in this action research report a study of
effectiveness of “A Study Of Effectiveness Of A Programme To
Minimise The Problem Of Map Filling In The Subject Geography
For

5th Std

Student

Of

Zilla Parishad Primary School,

Shendgevasti Solapur submitted by Rupali Mahadev Mane was
carried out under my guidance such material as has been
obtained from other source has been duty acknowledge in the
report.

Date :
Guide
Mrs. Shehnaz mam

SELF DECLARATION

I do hereby declare that I made this study on the problem “A
Study

Of

Effectiveness

Of

A

Programme

To Minimise The

Problem Of Map Filling In The Subject Geography
Student

Of ”

For

5th Std

Zilla Parishad Primary School, Shendgevasti

Solapur. on the basis of relevant source material and the field
work that carried out, the date collected and conclusion drawn in
the thesis are my own they are not previously published. The
book and articles referred to are listed in the bibliography and the
quantities are acknowledged.

Place:-

Date: Mane

Rupali Mahadev
Sign

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

First of all I would like to thank to Mrs. Principle Sabrina Khan for
giving permission to do this practical. Then I would like to say
thanks to principal of Zilla Parishad Primary School Solapur for
giving a permission to conduct the research in her school
After that I would like to say thanks to Mrs. Shehnaz for their
valuable guidance about the study the research and I would like
to say thanks to all my friends who have helped in the work all
were given moral support to the research.

Researcher

Rupali Mahadev Mane .

4 1. R NO.3 1.7 1.8 1.2 1.1 Chapter. Title Page Self Declaration Certificate Acknowledgement Dedication And Vote For Thanks 1.6 1.INDEX CHAPTE NAME OF STUDENT PAGE No.9 research Ned of the problem Important of the problem Statement Of aim Operational Definitions Objective Assumptions & Hypothesis Sample Scope & Limitation I and topic of .1 Introduction Introduction 1.5 1.

2 4.5 Tools of Data Collection Statistical tools Procedure III Chapter.1 2. 4.3 Chapter .2 Nature Of Design Population And Sample 3. of Its Information & Synthesis & Analysis & 4.4 Collection IV Data.3 Implementation of Research Method Of Research And 3. Conclusion Of .2 2.3 4.4 3.1 Analysis Presentation.1 Chapter.3 3.5 Interpretation Of Data Presentation of Data Analysis Of Data Interpretation Of Data Analysis And Discussion Table V Chapter.5 Summery.2.4 4.2 Review Of Related Literature Introduction Review Of Previous Literature Innovation & Usefulness Research Work 3.

1 5.2 5.3 5.4 Recommendations Summary Conclusion Recommendations Suggestion For Future Research  Reference  Appendix  Questionnaires CHAPTER NO. 1 .5.

Thus Education in India has been enriched a lot. Mathematics is very important subject in all school subject of primary level out of all the subject in school mathematics and .INTRODUCTION OF THE TOPIC OF RESEARCH 1. Over the decades great educationists have contributed towards the development and evolution of education as a discipline.1 INTRODUCTION: The movement of modern education in India is almost two centuries Old.

everywhere we use geometry for example to build the house. The basic concept at geometry figures at primary level is useful for secondary level as well as future life so. Geometry is also useful in our day to day life.geometry has attached to each other given to the special attention to the research. Geometry is one of the parts of mathematic which deals with lines. Student fined difficulty in algebra but they find greater difficulty in geometry. this is very important subject in school curriculum. .

maps etc. According to geographers map means to cover the earth or to cover any part Of the earth. E.Need More and more geographical concepts develop geography image from a Descriptive approach of the classical times to the analytical approach of the Present time. charts. . geography is -According to Prof.Mac Nee So to give more explicit definition. According to some geographers. However to study Geography correctly and accurately teaching aids should Be used to supplement the process of teaching and various types of teaching Aids such as optical instruments models.geography is the study of the Home of The man.A. are used in Geography . The word map is derived from a Latin word "Mappa" which Means 'cover cloth' or 'table cloth'.

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Actually 99% of the geography is taught With the help of the map. Thus a research is very important to develop the skill of map filling in Students of STD 5TH Maps also have a practical 'importance for our lives through the help of map We can find the direction and exact location of any continent. learning geography. . state.2 Importance Every subject that is taught to the children has certain basic elements and Fundamentals. 1. Ocean . It Helps to locate a particular place easily. country. river etc.1. The map gives a clear view of the entire area. The knowledge of the map filling in geography is very Important for the students. city .3 Need & Importance Maps are said to be the main tool of the geographer and the chief instrument of teaching.

Civics. Economics) and lack behind. 1.Thus there is a need to enable student to fill a map.e.Ed. Write out a map and Think in terms of map. Geography. (History. Currently the researcher is pursuing 2 nd year D. He has observed that the students have lack of interest in subject like social studies i.4 Statement of Aim: “A study of effectiveness of program developed to minimize the problem of map Filling in Geography for 5TH Std student.” . course. The main need of this research is to create interest increase curiosity and Creativity among the student to especially learn the subject with the help of map. These maps can also be used for comprehensive study and for revision of the topic.

1. To study the effectiveness program.1. 1. 3.7 Assumption 1. Map.it is a group activity in which we give treatment to students. of that .those students studying in 5TH Std and who are passed in 5th Std in Academic year.6 Objectives 1. Students know the map. 2. To find out the difficulties faced by the students during map filling.A pictorial representation of the surface of the earth is called as map Program. To develop a programs to minimize the problem of map filling.5 Operational Definition STD 5TH .

there will be no significance difference between pre tests and post test after they are taught map filling to develop program. Students know the concept of map. 2 . 1.8 Hypothesis 1.Null hypotheses.2. .if between pretest there will be significance Then post test filling to develop program. Research difference hypothesis.

1.This research is applicable for all 5TH Std student.9 SCOPE AND LIMITATIONS SCOPE. LIMITATIONS - This research is limited student of Government Ashram School . to only 5TH Std .

2 REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE .CHAPTER NO.

page 31. July 2007. But this map pointing should not confine to routinely asking to maps and simple location of places.1 REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE Review of related literature a acquaints the researcher with the work Done by other researcher which may be useful to conduct the research The review of related literature has some purposes1. It G ives recommend for the further research. 3. It helps in deciding + he research methodology tools and instrument of Study.2 REVIEW OF PREVIOUS LITERATURE Indian educational review -Y. It helps to highlights the gaps in the existing knowledge. number-2. point-9. Objectives :1) The map pointing is an important aspect covered in Geography and History.Shreekant Volume-43. 2.2. It Helps in limitation problem. 2. 4. Draw the outline .

3) This will eliminate the role memorization. But this should not confine to routinely asking to draw the outline maps and simple location of place In the second review Geography teaches should use Atlas for effective Teaching . 2. Map plotting is An important aspect covered in the geography. Atlas should be used as maps are very important in geography. identification and Location of places. But even in the case of Manipur also while History Questions have this kind of questions of understanding level of the Geography Items suffer from the same problem as explained above. .2) This could be made Interesting by interrelating several aspects as it is done in the board of Manipur.3 INNOVATIONIN RESEARCH WORK AND ITS USEFULNESS In the above research researcher tells the importance of map.

3 IMPLEMENTATION OF RESEARCH .CHAPTER N0.

In This chapter. John W.3. Best has observed in his book Research in education as the Secret of our cultural development has been pushing back the real of Ignorance by discovering new truths alternatives to truths and therefore to Research to get nearer to the truth. Methods There are 3 methods of Action Research. educational phenomena Events and students. Method . Research is the systematic and scientific activity or an attempt To obtain the answer of meaningful question. researcher has given the detail of the methodology and Procedure.1 Method of research and nature of design Introduction In previous chapters researcher has taken review related literature.

Effect that are evident or trends that are developing. 3.Historical Experimental Descriptive/Survey 1. Historical It is application of scientific method of inquiry of historical problem. It is organization of Historical factors in support of the new concept to be developed. It helps in description and analysis of past events. 2. Descriptive It is concerned with conditions or relationship that exists opinions that Are held processes that are going on. Experimental Experimental research provides a systematic and logical method For answering the question in this is done under carefully controlled Conditions What will be happened? Experiments manipulate certain stimuli .

Treatments or environmental conditions aid observe how the conditions or Behavior if the subject is affected or changed. between Experimentation manipulated factor provides method a and of hypothesis testing After experimenter define or hypothesis they test the hypothesis and confirm or Refuse it in the light of the controlled variables relationship that they have Observe it is important that the confirmation or probability rather than certain Design Pretest Group1 Group2 Teaching with traditional method new method Pre test . They must be aware of other factors that could Influence the outcome and remove or control them so that they can establish A logical observe association effect. Their manipulation is Deliberate and systematic.

Group2 Group Treatment Teaching with traditional method new method Post test .

After pre-test teacher teach the student map filling after implementation of program. Post test was allotted to this post-test.2 Population and sampling Population All students of 5TH STD in Government Ashram School Sampling Government Ashram School STD 5TH 20 student only 3. administered and marks were . The Researcher had prepared the question set for them. By administrating pre-test Marks were allotted to them. In this all 25 are girls.3 Tools Used For Data Collection There are 4 tools in Action research Tools Observation The researcher Questionnaire Test uses experimental Interview method for data collection so researcher selected 5 students for this experiment.3.

The following formulae were used for calculation and the obtained t value was tested 0.The score conclusion of pre-test ant post test were analyzed and 3.05 level.4 STATISTICAL TOOL The data collected during the experiment was analyzed using the following statistical tool (test of significance of difference between means) t. tD 0 / n 6diff .Test: It is a technique of determining whether the mean performance of two groups is significantly different.

The researcher took guidance of his guide to finalize the tools of data collection.Section-B The following flow chart depicts the procedure for the Action Research Study. Preparation and finalization of tools ↓ Preparation and finalization of programme ↓ Execution of pre-test ↓ Execution of programme ↓ Execution of post-test ↓ Analysis and Interpretation of Data ↓ Conclusion. .

Students were selected for experiments out of 25 students by administrating pretest marks allotted to these students. . After imitation of program post test was administered and marks were allotted to this post test were analyzed and conclusions were drawn.

This program was conducted in 10 days time schedule 10 days program Day 1 Teaching Day 2 Do planning of Pre test Day 3 Pre test Day 4 Allot the marks of Pre test Day 6 Again teach the topic using teaching aids Day 7 Do planning of Post test Day 8 Post test Day 9 Allot the marks of pre-test and post-test Day 10 Statistical Evaluation .

CHAPTER :.4 COLLECTION OF INFORMATION & DATA. ITS SYNTHESIS & ANALYSIS .

4. Table 1 Name of the student MANE PUJA ITKAR CHAITALI Pre x test Post test y 12 14 10 12 8 12 10 13 9 12 11 13 PAWAR KARAN 7 10 BHONDE VARSHA 5 9 PALAMBE MADHUKAR 12 13 JAGTAP HARSHA 13 14 GHANVAT PRATIK 10 12 PHULARE PUJA 11 12 DINESH PAGARE 15 14 KONDHALKAR SAKSHI 10 12 DAMALE MAYA 9 11 SHIVARKAR PRATIKSHA 7 9 ROKADE SAKSHI 12 10 KHOMNE PUJA 14 15 HOLE VARSHA 10 12 10 205 15 234 BHONDE VISHIAKHA DALVI ASHWANI DESMANE MININATH BHONDE VARSHA BHONDE MOHINI Table 2 .1 PRESENTATION OF INFORMATION & DATA The researcher uses the experimental method during this research.

Post Name of the student MANE PUJA Pre test Di= y- test x y 12 14 2 4 10 12 2 4 8 12 4 4 10 13 3 9 9 12 3 9 11 13 2 4 PAWAR KARAN 7 10 3 9 BHONDE VARSHA 5 9 4 16 PALAMBE MADHUKAR 12 13 1 1 JAGTAP HARSHA 13 14 1 1 GHANVAT PRATIK 10 12 2 4 PHULARE PUJA 11 12 1 1 DINESH PAGARE 15 14 -1 1 KONDHALKAR SAKSHI 10 12 2 4 DAMALE MAYA 9 11 2 4 SHIVARKAR PRATIKSHA 7 9 2 4 ROKADE SAKSHI 12 10 -2 4 KHOMNE PUJA 14 15 1 1 HOLE VARSHA 10 12 2 4 BHONDE MOHINI 10 15 29 25 205 234 29 125 ITKAR CHAITALI BHONDE VISHIAKHA DALVI ASHWANI DESMANE MININATH BHONDE VARSHA x D2 4.2 ANALYSIS OF DATA AND INTERPRETATION .

Getting marks of the student/students = 205/20 = 10. The marks of pretest and posttest.Getting marks of the student/students = 234/20 . Analysis is concept prescription. She will interpret the information and the finding into meaningful gained from this field word.2 M2. Find out the mean of the pretest. Ml. It makes of putting relationship data between different units and make the data appear and meaningful.In this chapter the researcher intends to analyze the data that was calculated from the respondent based on this data. After implementing the remedial action plan we got the outcome or the result of the proof about the result are compiled then this proofs are composed with the proofs compiled prior to the implement of the remedial action plan both the proofs are compared and then only conclusion are drawn regarding the effect of the remedial action plan.

There is significant difference between pretest and post test marks and calculation higher than ‘t’ table rejected and search hypothesis is that the minimize program the developed problem of to map so null hypothesis is accepted so we can sat see the filling effectiveness in the to subject Geography by 5TH std students. 7 higher than table t value 1.e.= 11.05 significance level. The graph of the pre test and post test mark allotted to the students Percentage of the pre test – Total marks of the student Total number of the student exam X 100 marks of .07 4.719 at 0. So from above explanation.3 INTERPRETATIONS OF DATA In this way the researcher has completed this research and succeeded to calculate the t value i.

= 205/20 X 100/20 = 51.2 Percentage of post test – Total marks the student Total number of the student exam = 234/20 = 58.5 Chart 1.D =  D1 n X 100 marks of .

4 CHAPTER NO. CONCLUSION RECOMMENDATIONS . 5 SUMMARY.= 29/20 = 1.

Summary The movement of modern education in India is almost two centuries Old. Thus Education in India has been enriched a lot. More and more image from a geographical concepts develop geography Descriptive approach of the classical times to the analytical approach of the Present time. . Over the decades great educationists have contributed towards the Development and evolution of education as a discipline.

Actually 99% of the geography is taught With the help of the map. Statement of Aim: . learning geography. Shendgevasti Solapur.Importance The knowledge of the map filling in geography is very Important for the students. It Helps to locate a particular place easily. Thus a research is very important to develop the skill of map filling in Students of 5th STD student of Zilla Parishad Primary School. The map gives a clear view of the entire area. Need: Maps are said to be the main tool of the geographer and the chief instrument of teaching.

Operational definition Map. Shendgevasti Solapur. if pretest there Then will post be test significance filling to . Hypothesis 1 . Research difference hypothesisbetween develop program. Objectives 1 To find out the difficulties faced by the students during map filling.A pictorial representation of the surface of the earth is called as map Program.it is a group activity in which we give treatment to students.A study of effectiveness of program developed to minimize the problem of map Filling in Geography for 5 th STD student of Zilla Parishad Primary School.

Population All students of 5TH Std.Scope. Solapur Std 6th.there will be no significance difference between pre tests and post test after they are taught map filling to develop program. 2.School of 5th STD student of Zilla Parishad Primary School. Assumption 1. . in Zilla Parishad Primary School Shendgevasti. 2.2 .Limitation-Primary.All students of 5TH STD of all school.Students face problem when filling map.Student knows the concept of map. Scope and limitation 1. Solapur Sampling Zilla Parishad Primary School Shendgevasti. Shendgevasti Solapur.Null hypotheses.

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5. Every student is evaluating with the help of research And it can help to develop them. In the research researcher use many tools and techniques for evaluate the Student.Geography teacher should use the maps to teach the students.1 Conclusions This research is very important for the Geography teachers. 2.2 Recommendation I . Like-Political map. This research develops the interest curiosity of student. Teacher should teach the students using different maps.5. Because maps Geographer are the said chief to be the instrument of main tool teaching of the learning Geography. And to reach towards the conclusion. It helps to develop The skill of map filling. .

. Modern Teaching of Geography Google Books Result books. 5..google. teacher should fill the map then tell the student to fill the map. Indian educational review -Y. Prof. 4. July 2007. 3. 5. Zaidi .2005 322 pages. point-9. .co.S. Teacher should teach the students using outlined map. 2. Government should keep the compulsory topic of map filling.Teacher should use effective method to teach the student due to this achievement level is increased. EA Macnee. number-2. page 31.Shreekant Volume-43. Researchers should do big research on map filling.3 Suggestion 1. Appendix 1. Every geography teacher should have proper knowledge of map filling 2.in/books?isbn=812611875X.3.M.

PRE-TEST Identity the following places & fill the map 1) Europe 2) Tokyo 3) atlantics ocean 5) Nepal 6) Asia 7) Africa 9) Australia 10) San Francisco 4) India 8) Japan .

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Post Test Identity the following places & fill the map 2) Europe 2) Tokyo 3) atlantics ocean 5) Nepal 6) Asia 7) Africa 9) Australia 10) San Francisco 4) India 8) Japan .