Está en la página 1de 16

Marcy_cb21

Module 9

ENGLISH
WRITING A COMPOSITON
(BEGINNING, MIDDLE, CONCLUSION)

A DepEd-BEAM Distance Learning Program supported by the Australian Agency for International Development

To the Learner
Dear Learner,
How are you today?
In the previous module you have already learned about decoding
meaning of unfamiliar words using context clues. In this module you
will learn about writing a composition with beginning, middle and
ending sentences.

Lets Learn This


This module will help you learn the three parts of a composition:
introduction, body and conclusion. Hence, you will also learn some tips
in writing good compositions, format, capitalization rules and different
punctuations to make your writing content clear and concise.

Lets Try This


Rewrite the selection given below and apply what you learned on
how to write good composition.
I AM NOW A BRAVE HEART
all children have a fear of the dark I do I used to share a bedroom with my
parents
before they decided to let me have a room of my own I found the
experience very difficult alone in the dark and thinking of many
unbelievable things including ghosts was a problem I couldnt stop myself
from imagining those creatures then there were times I had to go out at
night to get drink or some snacks in the kitchen I usually knocked at my
parents door to ask for company now things have changed I have grown
up prayers make me feel safe a call on god helps me sleep well I can also
make myself hot milk or chocolate in the kitchen without company turning
on all lights makes me feel alright I know I am a much better person now
and I think I have started being brave not only not only in the dark but also
with many other trials in life
105

Did you find it easy rewriting the composition?


Look at the rewritten composition. Do we have the same answer?
I AM NOW A BRAVE HEART
All children have a fear of the dark. I do. I used to share a
bedroom with my parents.
Before they decided to let me have a room of my own I found
the experience very difficult alone in the dark and thinking of many
unbelievable things including ghosts was a problem. I couldnt stop
myself from imagining those creatures. Then there were times I had
to go out at night to get drink or some snacks in the kitchen, I usually
knocked at my parents door to ask for company. Now things have
changed. I have grown up. Prayers make me feel safe. A call on God
helps me sleep. Well, I can also make myself hot milk or chocolate
in the kitchen without company. Turning on all lights makes me feel
alright. I know I am a much better person now and I think I have
started being brave not only in the dark but also with many other
trials in life.

Do not worry we will have more exercises to do.

Lets Study This


Read the paragraphs below.
The Badminton Club held its culminating activity on
February 20 at one oclock in the afternoon.
It was begun by an opening prayer. The moderators
assigned the final teams for the tournament. Team A was
already declared the champion. Teams B and C had to play for
the second and third place and Team D as the fourth placer.
The awarding of the medals followed. Some members were
awarded as the best players.
After the awarding, a get-together was held and the food
brought by the members were shared among themselves. It
was indeed a memorable one.

106

What does the first paragraph tell us? How about the second
paragraph? What does the last paragraph state?
The three parts of a composition are the introduction, body and
conclusion. The introduction gives us a preview of what the
composition is all about. The body tells us about the topic of the whole
composition. The conclusion signals the ending of the composition.
Writing an Introduction
A strong introduction captures the readers attention with an
interesting fact, detail, incident, or description. It gives background
information if needed. It includes a sentence expressing the main idea
of the composition. It does not include empty expressions as In this
composition I will
Writing the Body
As you write the body of your composition, keep your reader in
mind. Try to make your message as clear as possible. Write complete,
varied sentences with vivid words. Use transactions to connect your
thoughts smoothly.
Writing the Conclusion
A strong concluding paragraph emphasizes the main idea without
restating it exactly. It may refer to ideas in the introduction to round
up the composition. It does not introduce a completely new idea. It
does not use such empty expressions as I have just told you about
or Now you know about
Here are some tips you can try in making attempts to write good
compositions in short story form.
1. When you are given a topic to write about,
experience which you can easily relate excitingly
you were to share it orally. Write it as if it were
before your audience so that your ideas will
appropriate, precise and vivid expressions.

think of a past
to an audience if
really happening
freely flow with

2. Dont forget to have a good beginning and a good concluding


sentence for your write-up.

107

3. Very important, too, is how you write your selection. You must be
able to follow a good format and observe the mechanics of proper
capitalization and punctuation.
CAPITALIZATION RULES
1. Always begin the first word of every sentence with a capital letter.
2. Proper nouns should always begin with a capital letter. They are
particular names of persons, places or things.
3. Following are other proper nouns which should begin with a
capital letter:
a. Names of geographical sections of a country such as the North,
the South, the East, and the West, except when they indicate
compass directions
Example: The north wind, going to the East section
b. Name referring to God
Examples: Lord, Divine Mercy, Almighty
c. Names of governmental bodies, departments, and offices
Examples: Congress, Department of Health, Office of the
Registrar
d. Names of historical events, periods, and documents
Examples: Martial Law, Stone Age, Magna Carta, Battle of
Mactan, Industrial Revolution
e. Titles of books, stories, poems, movies, talks, works of art, and
musical compositions
Examples:
Developing Reading Power, Pieta, Ibong Adarna
f. Titles of professions when used with a particular name
Examples: Dr. Samonte, Mayor Alonte
g. As mark of respect, the titles of high officials are capitalized
even when without names.
Examples: The Vice President is now boarding the plane.
h. Words of family relationships, such as: I saw Father at the mall.

108

Exception: It should not be capitalized when not used to


indicate respect, or used with a determiner.
Example: I saw my father at the mall.
Punctuation Rules
To make clear the meaning of what is written, proper punctuation
marks are to be used when needed. Some important rules of
punctuation are the following:
1. Use period at the end of a declarative sentence.
2. Use a period at the end of abbreviations or an initial.
Examples: Elisa M. Robles, E.M.R.
3. The comma is used to separate words or groups of words in a
series.
Example: I invited my relatives, my former teachers, my former
classmates, and my close friends.
a. It is also used to set off a short direct quotation and the parts
of a divided quotation.
Examples:
She meant to inform you, replied Sarah.
My point is, said Kathleen, you abandoned us
when we needed you most.
b. To separate independent elements and words of direct address
Example:
No, you should join us.
Lito, help me with this.
c. To set off the parts of dates, addresses, or geographical names
Examples: Our family moved to Kamias, Quezon City on April
2, 1970.
d. To separate nonrestrictive phrases and clauses from the rest of
the sentence
Example: The movement, inspired by the heros death, led to a
bloody revolution.
e. It is also used after the salutation in a social letter and after the
complimentary close in all letters.
Examples:
Dear Ana,
Truly yours,

109

Lets Do This
Rewrite the paragraph. Look out for misspelled words; omit
sentences that do not belong to the paragraph, etc.
Life is like riding a bicycle. There are certain rules to
remember when riding a bicycle. If you have a new bike, before you
use it on a journey, make sure the seat is adjusted to the right height
for you. In life, when you want to try something new, you have to
study it carefully in order to find out if you can do it. Then once the
seat is fixed firmly at the correct height, the handlebars should be
fixed according to the height of the seat. Mountain bike or ordinary
bike cycling is great fun. Equip yourself and check your bike to make
sure that you are safe. Attach a rearview mirror and a bell to the
handlebars and check that the bell can be heard. Stay on cycle paths.
Avoid roads used by speeding vehicles. Stay focused and alert just
as you have to do when you journey on in life.

110

Are you done?


Look at the answer key to check the answer.
Did you get it all correct?
Very Good!!! Lets continue

Lets Do More

The following paragraphs do not have beginning sentences. Read


them carefully. Then choose the best beginning sentence for each.
Write your answer in your notebook.

1.
.
First of all, someone who likes gardening must have a special
interest in plants. He should have a plant collection or a small
plot of land. He may have to start one. Then he should pay the
membership fee. He should also take part in the activities or
projects of the club. These activities include putting out a club
paper or newsletter, holding monthly meetings, and having
garden shows every year.

111

a. How does one become a member of a garden club?


b. This is the best way to join any of the clubs.
c. Joining a garden club is a difficult task.
2.
All you need for clay modeling is a lump of clay, some water, and
a board to work on. You will need to keep the clay quite wet while
you are modeling it. You may want to make a circus of animals
and people, or anything else you like. Make all your figures heavy,
solid, and bulky, or the pieces will break easily when they dry.
Make them appear as if they were doing something. Then bake
your models using an oven called kiln. A kiln could make them
last fairly well. They will last fairly well if you let them. Then paint
them with the type of paint called tempera.
a. This is a hard way to make clay models.
b. This is the easiest way to make clay models.
c. The first time I made clay models was odd.

Are you done?


Look at the answer key to check your answer.
How much did you get? Write your score inside the big heart.

Clap 3x before you proceed to the next activity.

112

Lets Remember This

The three parts of a composition are the introduction,


body and conclusion.
The introduction gives us a preview of what the
composition is all about. It also attracts attention and
gives an idea of what is to follow.
The body tells
composition.

us

about

the

topic

of the whole

The conclusion signals the ending of the composition,


either tells the last thing that happened or sums up what
has been written in the middle sentences.

Lets Test Ourselves


A.
Beginning sentences should make the reader want to read more.
Which of the sentences below would be a good beginning sentence?
Underline it.
1.

Terry collects different kinds of wrappers.


Terry collects what other people throw.

2.

I raise chickens for a hobby.


I found out that raising chickens is a very profitable hobby.

3.

My sister has a wonderful collection of fancy earrings.


My sisters collection is fascinating.

4.

Honey has already collected many stamps.


Honey has won the best stamp collection in school.

5.

Edward loves to paint using charcoal.


Edward makes charcoal portraits.

113

B.

Write the best ending for each of the following paragraphs.

1.
A Party-for-a-Cause
The barangay had a party-for-a-cause at the
Rodriguezs farm. It was held for the benefit of the
childrens clinic. Everyone helped. The neighbors tables,
chairs, and benches were used. Mothers pork and chicken
adobo was a big hit. The men sent over the chefs special
dishes from Aling Binays Restaurant in the town. Aling
Cedes brought crispy and delicious vegetable salad. The
children chose Aling Nenas rice cakes and Cynthias
cookies.

2.

A Perfect Gift
The morning of my birthday brought me a pleasant
surprise. I was awakened by the rustle of paper near my
bed. There I saw my little sister put a big box at my feet.
Getting up excitedly, I grabbed it. My fingers were all
thumbs. Finally, I succeeded in opening the package, and my
eyes grew big over a beautiful new basketball.

114

3.

The Flag We All Love


Whenever I gaze at the flag waving over our school,
my heart beats with joy. This symbol of independence
reminds me that I belong to a beautiful country, the
Philippines. It also tells me that many Filipinos have suffered
and died fighting for freedom. As it waves on high, our flag
challenges me to be noble and brave. In this way, our
country may be proud of me.

Are you done?


Look at the answer key to check your answers for A. For B, let
your teacher check your work.
How much did you get?
If your score in letter A is 4-5, Congratulations! Proceed to the
next activity.
If your score in letter A is 3 and below, review the whole module
then answer the next activity Lets Enrich Ourselves.

115

Lets Enrich
Ourselves
Study the following paragraph and identify the three parts.

Many people succeed in life even if they are physically


handicapped. A good example is Eduardo Camela, a fifteen-year
old student of Daet Parochial School in Camarines Norte. In spite
of his physical defect caused by polio, he has invented 4 useful
things. His latest invention, the Camela Coco-Cell won for him a
gold medal from the president and P1, 500 in cash at the National
Science Fair held by the Department of Science and Technology.
He was affected by polio at the age of 3. He is also a very talented
painter. He truly exemplifies the proud and talented Filipino.
A.

1.

a. What is the beginning sentence?


b. Can you improve it? Write your own beginning sentence.

2.

Read the middle sentences.


Do they all develop the thought of the beginning sentence?
Can you add more middle sentences?

116

3.

a. What is the ending sentence?


b. Does it put an end to the idea presented in the beginning
and middle sentences?
c. Can you improve it?

Are you done?


Look at the answer key to check your answers.
Congratulations! Job well done! Youre great!

117

Answer Key

Lets Do This

Life is like riding a bicycle. There are certain rules to


remember when a riding a bicycle. If you have a new bike,
make sure the seat is adjusted to the right height for you.
Then once the seat is fixed firmly at the correct height, the
handlebars should be fixed according to the height of the
seat. Equip yourself and check your bike to make sure that
you are safe. Attach a rearview mirror and a bell to the
handlebars and check that the bell can be heard. Stay on
cycle paths. Avoid roads used by speeding vehicles. Stay
focused and alert just as you have to do when you journey
on in life.

Lets Do More
1. How does one become a member of a garden club?
2. This is the easiest way to make clay models.
Lets Test Ourselves
A.
1. Terry collects what other people throw.
2. I raise chickens for a hobby.
3. My sisters collection is fascinating.
4. Honey has won the best stamp collection in school.
5. Edward makes charcoal portraits.
B. Answers may vary. Let your teacher check your work.
1.
2.
3.

118

Lets Enrich Ourselves


A.
1. a. Many people succeed in life even if they are physically
handicapped.
b. Answers may vary. Let the teacher check your work.
2. Answers may vary. Let the teacher check your work.
3. a. He truly exemplifies the proud and talented Filipino.
b. Answers may vary. Let the teacher check your work.
c.

119

Intereses relacionados