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NoteOnPlacesAndAreasInAncientIndia,Aihole,Achichhatra,Ajanta,Anupa,Aparntaka,Arikamedu,Ayodhya,Ayodhya,Amravati,Asika,Avanti,Anga

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NoteOnPlacesAndAreasInAncientIndia

NOTEONPLACESANDAREASINANCIENTINDIA
1. AIHOLE near Badami with rock cut and structural temples of
Western Chalukya period, is favous for the temples of Vishnu,
LadkhanandDurga.ItfurnishexamplesofawelldevelopedDeccan
style of architecture. The other three styles of ancient India being
Nagar Dravidian and Vesara. It is also famous for its inscription or
Prasasti composed by Ravikirti, the court poet of Pulkesin II. This
prasasti mentions the defeat of Harsha by the Chalukya king,
Pulkesin II, a r rare event of a Northern emperor or ruler being
defeatedbyarulersouthofNarmada.
2.ACHICHHATRAidentifiedwithmodernRamnagarinBareilydistrictofU.P.wasthecapitalofNorth
Panchala in the first half of first millennium B.C. Exacavation grove that it had moats and ramparts
around it, it has revealed terracottas of the Kushan period, and also remarkable siries of coins of
secondcenturyA.D.ItsimportanceliesinthefactthatitwasontheimportantancientIndiannorthern
trade route linking Taxila and Inidraprastha with Kanyakubaj and Sravasti, Rajgriha and Pataliputra
indicatingthattraecouldbeoneofthereasonsforitsprominence.
3. AJANTA near Aurangabad (Maharashtra), is famous for wonderful Buddist caves, and also
paintings probably executed only b the Buddhist monks. Paintings of exceptional skill belong to the
periodbetween2ndcenturyB.C.and7thCenturyA.D.Oneofthecavewelldepictsthereceptionofa
PersianmissionintheChalukyacourtofPulkasinIIindicatingculturalandcommercialcontactswiththe
Persianempire.
4.ANUPAinNarmada valley mentioned in the Nasik inscription (dated 115 A.D.) of Gautami Balasri,
mother of the Satvahana ruler Sri Satakarni (Circa 7295 A.D.) was conqured bythe latter from the
sakas,andwasaboneofcontentionforlongbetweentheSakasandtheSatvahanas.Thesakaswere
responsiblefordrivingtheSatavahanas.Intothesoutheasternandwesterndirection.Inotherwords,
AnupasignifiestheearlierhomelandoftheSatvahanas.
5.APARNTAKA (Aparanta), identified withk Konkan, i.e. North western region of the Deccan, was a
bone of contention between the sakas and the Satavahanas and is mentioned in Nasik Inscription
(dated circle 155 A.D.) of Gautami Balasri. Gautamiputa stakarni conquered it from theSakas.

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NoteOnPlacesAndAreasInAncientIndia,Aihole,Achichhatra,Ajanta,Anupa,Aparntaka,Arikamedu,Ayodhya,Ayodhya,Amravati,Asika,Avanti,Anga

According to the Mahavamsa, the third Buddhist council deputed Great elder Dharamarakshita to do
missionaryworkinAparantakaregion.LiteracyeviencelocatestheAbhirasinthisregion,whoprobably
wereresponsibleforidentifyingLordKrishnaasthedietyofcowherdandmilkmaids.
Inmattersrelatingtotradeandcommerceitwasfamousfortheproductionofcottontextilesinancient
timesandated,asthehinterlandfortheancientportsofBharukachechhaandSopara.
6.ARIKAMEDUnearPondicherry,knowntotheperiplusaspodoka,waportofcallinSangamTimes
(200 B.C.) on the route of Malaya and china. Recent excavation during which a veryrich treasure of
Romanbeads,glassandcoins,andofRomanandsouthIndianPotterywerefoundhaveprovedthatit
wasonceaprosperoussettlementofWesterntradingpeople,includingtheRomans.
ThefavourablebalanceofPaymentspositionejoyedbyIndiainitstradewithRomeisamplyrevealed
bytherichhaulofRomangoldcoins.
7. AYODHYA also known as Ayute or Abhur of Saketa on the river Sarya (Modern Ghaghra) in
FaizabaddistrictofU.P.wastheearliestcapitaloftheKosalaJanapadeandwastheseatoftheepic
hero, Rama. It is also known for its short Sanskrit inscription of king Dhandeva of Kosal (belonging
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probablytothefirstcenturyB.C.)whichreferstotheconductingoftwoAsvamedhasacrificesbyking
Pushyamitra. From the economic viewpoint it was located on the important trade of Tamralipti
RajagrihaSravastiwhichpassedviaAyodhya.
8.AMRAVATInearmodernVijayawada(AndhraPradesh),isfamousforitsstupaandasanartcenter
flourishing under the Satavahanas and the pallavas. Second century works of art khow mastery of
stone sculpture. Amravati basreliefs have the representation of ancient Indian vehicles the boat or
the ship or the cart, and of a foreign mission (like the Ajanta cave paintings) of marchants being
receivedbyaking.Inancienttimesiswasanimportantcenteroftrade,andshipsfromheresailedto
BurmaandIndonesia.
Itismaintainedbysomescholarsthatahumanfigure,forthefirsttime,thatamarblestonereliefwas
executed.
9.ASIKA(Probably on the left bankof the river Krishna), is mentioned in the Nasik inscription (dated
circe115A.D.)ofGautamiBalasri,itwasconqueredbytheSatavahanarularGautamiputraSatakarini
()ThelatterfactrevealsthatGautamiputraSatakarnigainedastrongerholdofsouthernIndia
which proved beneficial because of the continuing Saka pressure even after his victory against the
Sakas.KingKharavelaofKalingaalsomadeaclaimofitsconquest.
10. AVANTI (western Malva) one of the 16 Janapadas of 6th century B.C. with its capital at Ujjain
struggledhardagainstMagadhanimperialismbutinvain.AccordingtoBuddhisttraditions,Asoka,the
Mauryanruler,servedastheViceroyofAvanti,whilehewasaprince.
SinceMalwaregionisimportantpolitically,andeconomicallyitbecameaboneofcontentionbetween
theSakas.AndtheSatavahanas,RashtrakutasandPratiharasinancientIndia.Itisthroughthisregion
that the importanttrade routes from eastern and western Indian passed Via Ujjain to the important
WesternportsBharukachchha(Broach)andSoparaka(Sopara).

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NoteOnPlacesAndAreasInAncientIndia,Aihole,Achichhatra,Ajanta,Anupa,Aparntaka,Arikamedu,Ayodhya,Ayodhya,Amravati,Asika,Avanti,Anga

11.ANGAoneofthe16thJanapadasof16thcenturyB.C.LaytotheeastofMagadhawithChampa,
near Bhagalpur, as its capital. Some of the Anga monarchas, like Brahmadatta, appear to have
defeatedtheirMagadhacontemporaries.Subsequently,however,Magadhaemergedsupremeleading
to the establishment of the first empire of ancient India. In other words, the conquest of Anga by
MagadhawasoneofthesteppingstonesfortheMagadhanEmpire.

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