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Historic Preservation - Technical Procedures


General Guidelines For Cutting And Patching

Procedure code:



Federal Bldg/Uspo/Spokane, Wa - Gsa/Pbs


General Requirements


Cutting And Patching

Last Modified:



General Guidelines For Cutting And Patching

Spec title: General Guidelines for Cutting And Patching
Procedure code: 0104501S
Source: Federal Bldg/USPO/Spokane, WA - GSA/PBS
Division: General Requirements
Section: Cutting And Patching
Last Modified: 02/24/2012
Details: General Guidelines For Cutting And Patching
A. This procedure includes general guidelines to follow when performing
cutting and patching in original work.
A. "Cutting and patching" refers to cutting into existing construction to
provide for the installation or performance of other work, and the subsequent
fitting and patching required to restore surfaces to their original
1. Cutting and patching is performed for coordination of the work, to uncover
work for access or inspection, to obtain samples for testing, to permit
alterations to be performed, or for other similar purposes.
2. Cutting and patching performed during the manufacture of products, or

during the initial fabrication, erection or installation processes is not

considered to be "cutting and patching" under this definition. Drilling of holes
to install fasteners and similar operations are also not considered to be
"cutting and patching".
3. "Selective Demolition" is recognized as related-but-separate category of
work, which may or may not include cutting and patching as defined in this
A. Procedural Proposal for Cutting and Patching: Where prior approval of
cutting and patching is required, submit proposed procedures for this work
well in advance of the time work will be performed, and request approval to
proceed. Include the following information, as applicable, in the
1. Describe nature of the work and how it is to be performed, indicating why
cutting and patching cannot be avoided. Describe anticipated results of the
work in terms of changes to the existing site conditions, including structural,
operational and visual changes, as well as how historic materials or other
significant elements may be impacted by the proposed cutting and
2. List products to be used, and firms (including their qualifications), that will
perform the work.
3. Give dates when the work is expected to be performed.
4. List utilities that will be disturbed or otherwise be affected by work,
including those that will be relocated and those that will be out-of-service
temporarily. If utility service will be disrupted, an estimated time that it will be
out of operation must be included in the proposal.
5. When cutting and patching of structural work involves the substitution,
movement, removal or addition of structural elements or reinforcement of any
kind, submit engineering details and calculations that have been signed and
stamped by a suitably experienced and licensed professional to show how
the new work is integrated with the original structure to satisfy the
requirements of the undertaking.
6. Indicate changes to designated landmark areas or highly rated HBPP
7. All welding and/or hotwork requires formal, written notification to the
Building Manager no later than the first thing in the morning of each day such
work is to be done. No welding or hot work is permitted without such prior


A. The General Contractor shall do all cutting and patching of wall and
ceiling surfaces for the removal, relocation or installation of new piping,
conduit, electrical boxes, asbestos abatement, PCB removal, and also where
such services have been removed or abandoned.
1. Cutting which will disturb the asbestos material shall be done under the
direction of the Asbestos Abatement subcontractor and will be properly
documented in writing.
B. Cutting and patching of all nonstructural concrete floors for Mechanical
and Electrical work shall be done by the respective subcontractors in
accordance with the provisions of this section under the supervision of the
General Contractor.
C. Cutting and patching of all walls for ducts shall be done by the
Mechanical subcontractor in accordance with the provisions of this section
under the supervision of the General Contractor.
D. Requirements for Structural Work: As in 1.03 A.5 above, when cutting
and patching of structural work involves the substitution, movement, removal
or addition of structural elements or reinforcement of any kind, submit
engineering details and calculations that have been signed and stamped by a
suitably experienced and licensed professional to show how the new work is
integrated with the original structure to satisfy the requirements of the
Cutting and patching structural work in a manner that would result in a
reduction of load-carrying capacity or of load-deflection ratio is not
acceptable. All work must have the written approval of project's Structural
Engineer in advance.
E. Before cutting and patching the following categories of work, obtain
approval to proceed from both the GSA Contracting Officer and the GSA
Regional Historic Preservation Officer:
1. Structural steel.
2. Miscellaneous structural metals, including lintels, equipment supports,
stair systems and similar categories of work.
3. Structural concrete.
4. Foundation construction.
5. Timber and primary wood framing.
6. Structural decking.

7. Bearing and retaining walls.

8. Piping, ductwork, vessels and equipment.
9. Shoring, bracing, and sheeting.
10. Primary operational systems and equipment.
11. Water/moisture/vapor/air/smoke barriers, membranes and
12. Noise and vibration control elements and systems.
l3. Control, communication, conveying, and electrical wiring systems,
including fire and life safety systems.
F. Visual Requirements: Do not cut and patch work exposed on the
building's exterior or in its occupied spaces in a manner that would, in the
Contracting Officer's opinion, result in lessening the building's aesthetic
Do not cut and patch work in a manner that would result in substantial visual
evidence of cut and patch work. Any work judged by the Contracting Officer
to be done in a visually unsatisfactory manner must be removed and
G. Retain a recognized, experienced, and specialized firm to cut and patch
the following categories of exposed work.
1. Processed concrete finishes.
2. Stonework and stone masonry.
3. Ornamental metal.
4. Matched-veneer woodwork.
5. Roofing.
6. Stucco and ornamental plaster.
7. Terrazzo.
8. Finished wood flooring.
9. Carpeting.
10. Wall covering.
11. HVAC enclosures, cabinets or covers.

A. General: Except as otherwise indicated, or as directed by the Contracting
Officer, materials for cutting and patching must be identical to existing
materials. If identical materials are not available or cannot be used, use preapproved materials that match existing adjacent surfaces to the fullest extent
possible with regard to visual effect. Use materials for cutting and patching
that will result in equal-or-better performance characteristics in comparison to
the original.
1. The use of a trade name and suppliers name and address is to indicate a
possible source of the product. Products of the same type from other sources
shall not be excluded provided they possess like physical and functional
A. Before cutting, examine the surfaces to be cut and patched and the
conditions under which the work is to be performed. If unsafe or otherwise
unsatisfactory conditions are encountered, take corrective action before
proceeding with the work.
1. Before the start of cutting work, meet at the work site with all parties
involved in cutting and patching, including mechanical and electrical trades.
Review areas of potential interference and conflict between the various
trades. Coordinate layout of the work and resolve potential conflicts before
A. Temporary Support: To prevent failure provide temporary support of work
to be cut. Do not endanger other work. Provide adequate support during
cutting and patching so as to prevent damage;
B. Protection: Protect adjoining surfaces during cutting and patching to
prevent damage. Provide protection from cold and moisture as directed by the
patching product manufacturer.
1. Avoid interference with the use of adjoining areas or interruption of free
passage to adjoining areas to the extent possible given the scope of work.
Utilize safe workplace practices.
A. General: Employ skilled workers to perform cutting and patching work.

The tradespeople who have the skill to be doing the patching should be the
ones doing the cutting. Except as otherwise indicated or as approved by the
Contracting Officer, proceed with cutting and patching at the earliest feasible
time (given proper notice) and complete work without delay.
B. Cutting: Cut the work using methods that are least likely to damage work
to be retained or adjoining work.
1. In general, where cutting is required use hand or small power tools
designed for sawing or grinding, not hammering and chopping. Cut through
concrete and masonry using a cutting machine such as a Carborundum saw
or core drill to insure a neat hole.
2. Cut holes and slots neatly to size required with minimum disturbance of
adjacent work. To avoid marring existing finished surfaces, cut or drill from
the exposed or finished side into concealed surfaces. Temporarily cover
openings when not in use, taking to consideration life safety and fire
regulations for occupied spaces.
3. Comply with other applicable requirements where cutting and patching
requires excavating and backfilling.
4. If the area includes utility services enclosed in pipe or conduit that are
scheduled to be removed as part of the undertaking, these should be
disconnected and removed before the before cutting and patching nearby as
their later disturbance later could damage the new patch.
Be on the alert for undocumented and unprotected cabling for alarms,
computer networks, and security systems that often follow the same path as
conduit and piping. These are frequently found passing through enclosed
Any cut-off conduit or pipe in walls or partitions is to be removed when
possible. Any remaining openings need to be sealed to meet fire and
building codes, and shall prevent the entrance of moisture or other foreign
matter into the space.
C. Patching: Patch with seams which are durable and as invisible as
possible. Comply with specified tolerances for the work.
1. Where feasible, inspect and test patched areas to demonstrate integrity of
2. Restore exposed finishes of patched areas and where necessary extend
finish restoration into retained adjoining work in a manner which will eliminate
evidence of patching and refinishing. Where a patch occurs in a smooth
painted surface, extend the final paint coat over the entire unbroken surface
which now contains the new patch (after that patched area has received

proper prime and base coats).

3. Where removal of walls or partitions has newly extended one finished
area into another, floor and wall surfaces in the new space shall be patched
and repaired to provide an even surface of uniform color and appearance. If
necessary, remove the existing floor and wall coverings and replace with new
materials to achieve uniform color and appearance.
4. Patch, repair or re-hang existing ceilings as necessary to provide a
surface with an even plane of uniform appearance.
A. Clean adjoining surfaces that become soiled due to the cutting and
patching work.