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School of Law

KIIT University, Bhubaneswar-751024

SEMESTER V: B.A.LL.B/B.B.A.LL.B/B.Sc.LL.B
(2013 -2018 batch)

Syllabus

Administrative Law (LW - 504)

COURSE DESIGNED By

Prof. V.D. Sebastian


Kyvalya Garikapati, Asst.Prof
KIIT Law School, KIIT University

INDEX
1. Mechanical data.
2. Object.
3. Objectives.
4. Teaching Learning Methodology.
5. Evaluation System
Measurement.
Evaluation of Application.
Assessment.
6. Dispute Resolution.
7. Annexure I: Detailed Syllabus.
8. Annexure II: Day to day schedule.
9. Annexure III: Readings.

MECHANICAL DATA
1. Course:BA LL.B,BBA LL.B, BSc.LL.B.
(SemesterV)
2. Subject: Administrative Law
3. Nature of subject: Compulsory
4. Paper code: LW 504
5. Name of the course teachers: Ms.Kyvalya.G./Ms.
Tulisree Pradhan
7. Credit hours/week: 6hours
8. Room No: 15,16,18,19

OBJECT
The object of teaching the Administrative Law is to impart
adequate knowledge and skill required to control government in the
interest of administrative justice.

OBJECTIVES
The services of the administrative lawyer are required in
many situations. The increased governmental activities have
necessitated the delegation of legislative powers and judicial
powers to the Executive and the use of wide discretionary powers
by the administration. The exercise of these powers is to be
subjected to principles of ultra vires, fairness, reasonableness etc.
Public authorities and other governmental authorizes (local self
government authorizes, public corporations, regulatory authorities
etc) have to be subjected to the discipline of the administrative law.
In addition to defending the rights of citizen in these areas, where
trained administrative lawyers can have their innings, from the side
of the authorities also there is a great need for personnel trained in
this discipline. A large number of Tribunals have to be manned by
the trained members. The execution of the policy in a fluctuating
public-private sector divide cannot be successfully operated
without grounding in administrative law. All these objectives are
sought to be achieved by the course on administrative law.

Teaching Learning Methodology


Teaching will be mainly by the lecture method
supplemented by class room discussions, seminars, moot
courts and problems solving. Students are expected to
attend the lectures and actively participate in the related
exercises. The lectures will be on the topics indicated in the
course outline. Students are expected to read the relevant
portions from the text books and come to the class.

Evaluation System

The performance of the student will be assessed on the basis of


100 marks divided into 50 marks for the session work and 50
marks for the end semester examination.
20 session marks will be allotted on the basis of a project
work. The project work will consist of writing an essay, research
paper or case comment, which is of publishable standard, as may
be decided by the course teacher.
Mid Semester Examination 30 marks
This Exam will be held towards middle of the semester.
End semester Examination 50 Marks
The questions will be of the essay type short notes type and the
problem type or multiple choice type or a combination of all this.

ANNEXURE I
DEATAILED SYLLABUS
Module I : Introduction - Some basic concepts Society, State, Law, Rights
and Powers.

Unit-1: Public Law and Private Law - Constitutional Law and Administrative Law- The
organization of public power Organs and functions of government Interrelations between the
organs-Limitations on the Organs and Rights of people. Administrative powers and Functions
Principles and procedures Liability of Authorities Control of Authorities- Growth of
Administrative Justice-Growth in governmental functions Resulting growth in administrative
law
Unit-2: The Concept of Rule of law Supremacy of Law Absence of arbitrary and wide
discretionary powers Equality before law Protection of human rights and values
Unit-3: Doctrine of separation of powers- Legislative, Executive and Judicial powers
Separation at the levels of personnel, functions and control- Changes due to growth in
administrative law. In India, though there is no complete separation of power, as in the USA, the
Supreme Court has held that the Indian Constitution has adopted the basic aspects of separation
of powers.
Cases : Delhi Laws Act, in Re, AIR.1951.SC.332
Indira Nehru Gandhi v. Raja Narain 1973 Supp.SCC.1
Unit-4:

Administrative Authorities- Governmental and departmental authorities - Statutory

authorities other authorities under article 12 of the constitution Criteria for determining
authorities Statutory origin, extent of government control, governmental expenditure and
performance of public duties or functions are the chief factors in determining whether an
authority is a public authority.
Referred Cases:

Electricity Board of Rajasthan Vs. Mohan Lal AIR 1967 S.C. 1857
Ajaya Hasia V. Khalid Mujib A I R 1981 S.C. 487; (1981) 1 S C C 722
Zee Tele Films Ltd Vs. Union of India (2005) 4 S C C 649; AIR 2005 SC 2667

Unit-5: Classification of Administrative Functions - Report of the Committee on Ministers of


Powers Legislative, Executive, Judicial and administrative
Referred Cases:

Bharat Bank Ltd Vs. Employees Employees A I R 1950 S.C. 188


State of Punjab Vs. Tehal Singh (2002) 2. S C C 7; AIR 2002 S.C. 533

Module II : Legislative functions of the Administration


Unit-1:

Delegated legislation-Delegation of Legislative powers by the legislature to other

authorities- Justification Welfare state Increase in governmental activity Need for greater
control and legislation-Legislatures difficulty to cope with Growth-Lack of legislative time
Less important and ancillary matters- Emergency Flexibility Nomenclature Rules,
Regulations, directions, notifications, scheme, plan etc
Unit-2: Norms governing the delegation of legislative powers- Legislation is promulgation of
policy in the form binding role of conduct Policy has to be stated or adequate guidance should
be given Ultra vires(Substantive and procedural to be observed)
(i)

Constitutionality of the delegation of legislative power

(a) Conditional Legislation and subordinate legislation-Important aspect of


policy stated by the principle legislature - what is delegated is the finding
regarding the existence of some condition like place, time etc for bringing
into effect the legislation already made by the legislature
Referred Cases:

R Vs Burah I L R 4 Cal; 172 (1879); (1878) 3 A.C. 889


Emperor V. Benori Lal AIR 1945 P.C. 48]
(b) Essential Legislative policy cannot be delegated-Essential legislative
policy has to be stated or guidance in that direction should be given only
other aspect can be delegated. This is a rule of the constitution
Referred Cases:

Delhi Laws Act, In Re, AIR 1951 S C 332


Jalan Trading Co. V Mill Mazdoor Sabha AIR 1967 S.C 691
Kerala SEB v. Indian Aluminum Co. (1976) 1 SCC 466; AIR 1976 SC 1031
Kerala Samsthanam Chethu Thozhilali Union v. State of Kerala
(2006) 4 SCC 327

(ii)
(iii)

Ultra Vires (Substitutive and procedural) see under Unit 4


Retrospective Operation if the parent act either expressly or by necessary implication
authorizes Nexus or rational relationship between rule and retrospectivity- vested rights cannot be
taken away applicability of promissory estoppel
Referred Cases:

I.T.O. v. M.C. Ponnoose (1969) 2 S C C 351; AIR 1970 SC 385


B.S. Yadav v. State of Haryana 1980 Supp. 5 SCC 524; AIR 1981 SC 616

(iv)

Sub delegation Delegata Potestas non protest delgare or delegatus non protest delegare-Sub
delegation if there are clear wards or necessary implication in the parent act Needs and
problems of sub deligation
Referred Cases:

U.P. State Electricity Board v. Abdul Shkoor AIR 1981 SC 1708

(v)

Publication:- in draft prenatal publication publication after making (postnatal publication)


Referred Cases:
modify Parent Act or other Acts How to remove difficulties etc Narendra Kumar v.

(vi)

Henery VIII Clause and Similar Clauses Excessive delegation to modify Parent Act or

Union of India AIR 1960 SC 430


other Acts How to remove difficulties etc
Referred Cases:

Jalan Trading Company v. Mill Mazdoor Union AIR 1967 SC 691


(vii)

Delegation of Taxing power Though taxing is an essential legislative function, can be


delegated subject to policy guidance and limitations
Referred Cases:

Municipal Corporation Delhi v. Birla Cotton Spinning and Weaving Mills AIR 1968
SC 1232

Unit-3: Parliamentary control of delegated legislation :- Laying before legislature for a


prescribed number of days (either in draft or after publication) Validity subject to resolution of
the House of Legislature- Committee on Sub ordinate Legislation
Referred Cases:

Narendra Kumar V. Union of India AIR 1960 SC 430


Unit-4: Judicial controls of delegated legislation the Ultra Vires doctrine
Referred Cases:
A. Substantive Ultra Vires

Constitutional
(i) Excessive delegation
Raja Narayan Singh Vs. Chairman Patna Administrative Committee A I R 1954 S

c 569
Hamdard Dava Khana vs. Union of India AIR 1960 SC 554
Mohini Jain vs. State of Karnataka (1992) 3 SCC 666; AIR 1992 SC 1858

(ii) Parent Act against Constitution Recall instances from Constitutional Law
where the Legislative Acts have been struck down for violation of a Constitutional
norms.
Chintaman Rao Vs. State of M.P. AIR 1951 SC 118
(iii) Delegated legislation against the Constitution

Air India Vs. Nergesh Meerza (1981) 4 SCC 335; AIR 1981 SC 1824
Kerala Samsthanam Chethu Thozhilali Union v. State of Kerala (2006) 4
SCC 327

Legislative (Substansive Ultra Vires)


(i) in Excess of the power conferred by the Act
Dwaraka Nath Vs. Municipal Corporation (1971) 2 SCC 314; AIR 1971 SC 1844
Ibrahim Vs. Regional Transport Authority AIR 1953 SC 79
(ii) In-conflict with the enabling act
Ram Prasad vs. State AIR 1952 ALL 843
(iii) It is unreasonable, arbitrary and discriminatory
State of Maharastra Vs. Chandrabhn Tale (1983) 3 SCC 387; AIR 1983 SC 803
State of Assam vs. Om Prakash (1981) 4 SCC 335; AIR 1981 SC 1829
(iv) It is mala fide
Jagdish Prasad Sinha Vs. Bhagawat Prasad AIR 1989 SC 1794; (1989) 3 SCC
610
(v) It is against rights given by Common Law
Sophy Kelly vs. State of Maharastra (1967) 69 Bm L.R. 186: AIR 1968 Bom 156
Chester Vs. Bateson (1920) 1 K.B. 829
(vi) Is in conflict with the terms of another Statute
Kerala Samsthanam Chethu Thozhilali Union v. State of Kerala (2006) 4
SCC 327
(viii)

It is Vague
Vice Chancellor M.D. University Vs. Jahan Singh (2007) 5 SCC 77

(B) Procedural Ultra Vires

(i) Directory or Mandatory


Raza Buland Sagar Vs. Municipal Board AIR 1965 SC 895
(ii) Publication
Harla Vs. State of Rajasthan AIR 1951 SC 467
(iii) Consultation
Banawarilal Agarwal Vs. State of Bihar AIR 1961 SC 849
(iv) Prior Permission
District Collector Chittoor Vs. Chittoor District Groundnut Traders Association
(1989) 2 SCC 58
Unit-5: Administrative Directions having the force of law
Referred Cases:

Fernadez V. State of Mysore A I T 1967 S C 1753


Raman and Raman Ltd V. State of Madras AIR 1959 SC 694

Module III : Judicial functions of the Administration


Unit-1: Growth of tribunals- Classification of tribunals- Problems of tribunals should function
within jurisdiction and according to the accepted procedure i.e. intra vires in all respects.
Unit-2: Excess of jurisdiction- Law and fact
Referred Cases:

Determining jurisdiction
J.K.Choudhuri v R. K. Dutta Gupta A.I.R. 1958 S. E. 722
Wrong interpretation of Law governing jurisdiction

R v Fulham Rent Tribunal exp. Phillippe (1950) 2 All E. R. 211

Wrong finding of fact governing jurisdiction (Jurisdictional Fact)


White and Collins v Minister of Health (1939) 2 K B 838
Raja Anand v U.P AIR (1967) SE 1085
Shamquin Singh v Desa Singh AIR 1970 SE 672; (1970) 3 SCC 881
Unit-3: Exercise of jurisdiction Fact and law-Error of law
Referred Cases:

a. Error of law Apparent of the face of the record


R v Northumberland Compensation Appeal Tribunal ex parte show (1952) 1 All
ER 122
HARI VISHNU KAMATH v SYED AHMED ISHAQUE AIR 1955 SC 233
Sayed Yaqoob v Radhakrishnan AIR 1964 SC 479
Non apparent error of law
ANISMINIC LTD v FOREIGN COMPENSATION COMMISSION (1969) 1

ALL ER 208
Union of India v Tara Chand Gupta (1971) 1 SCC 486

Evidence before the tribunal


No evidence (treated as error of law)
Union of India v H. C. Goel AIR 1966 SE 364
State of Harayana v Rattan Singh (1977) 2 SCC 491
Appreciation of Evidence
Apparel Export Promotion Council v A. K. Chopra (1999) I SCC 759
Unit-4: Natural Justice (See separate module below)
Unit-5: Control of Tribunals by Higher Tribunals and Courts ( See under Remedies)

Module IV : Natural Justice


Unit 1: General - Fairness Bases in common Law The Indian Constitution Article14 &
Article 21-Due process in the USA-Two Principles Bias (Nemo Judex in Causa Sua)
Notice- Audi Alteram Partem

Unit 2: Personal Bias- Real Likelihood or Reasonable suspicion Personal pecuniary


Subject matter and departmental Necessity Consequences of biased action
Referred Cases

Personal Bias
R. Vs. Sussex Justices exparte Mc carthy (1924) 1 K.B. 256; (1923) ALL E.R.
Rep. 233
A.K. Kraipak v. Union of India A I R 1970 S C 150
Pecuniary Bias
Bonhams Case(1610)
Dimes V. Grand Junction Canal (1852) 3 H L C 759
R v. Hendon Rural District Council Ex. P. Chorley 1933 2 K.B. 696; (1933) All
E. Rep. 20
Jeejeebhag v. Asst. Collector, Shana A I R 1965 S .C . 1096
R V. Mulvihill; (1990 1) 1 All E. R . 436
Subject matter and departmental bias
Franklin v. Minister of Town and Country Planning (1947) 2 All E R289 (H.L.)
Gullopalli Nageswar Rao V. A.P. S R TC A IR 1959 S C 1376
T Govindaraj Muduliar V. State of Tamil Nadu A IR 1973 SC 974
Indian Cashew Factory Workers Union v. Kerala State Cashew Development
Corporation Ltd; (2006) 5 SC C 201
Necessity
Sub committee on judicial accountability v. Union of India (1991) 4 SCC 699
Election Commission of India V. Dr. Subramanian Swami (1996) 4 SCC 104
Unit-3: Notice and hearing Contents of Notice Evidence Cross examination Right to
counsel Copy of the Enquire report
Referred Cases

General
Board of Education v. Rice (1911) ALL E.R. Rep. P36
R v. Electricity Commission (1924) K.B. 171; (1923) ALL E.R. Rep. 150
Nakuda Ali v. Jai Ratana 1951 A C 66 See pages 473-475 M.P. Jain Cases Vol

I
Ridge v. Baldwin 1954 AC 40 (1963) 2 All E.R. 66
Selvrajan v Race Relations Board (1976) 1 All E.R. 13
Cooper V. Wandsworth Board of Works (1863) 14 C.B. (N.S.) 180 Keir &

Lawson,
Right to Notice
State of Karnatak v. Magalore University Non teaching employees association
(2002) 3 SCC 302

Union of India v. Narendra Singh (2008) 2 SCC 750


To know the evidence against
R. B. Shreeram Durga Prasad V. Settlement Commission (I.T. & W.T.); (1989) 2 S

C C 505
Southern Painters v. Fertilizers and Chemicals Travancore Ltd; 1994 Supp(2)

SCC 699
To Rebut Adverse Evidence
Nandini Satpathy v. P.L. Dhani AIR 1978 SC 1025
Surjeet Singh Chhabra v. Union of India (1997) 1 SCC 508
No Evidence to be taken behind the back of the party
Errington v. Minister of Health (1935) 1 K.B. 249; (1934) All E.R. Rep. 154
Enquiry Report to be disclosed
Local Government Board v. Arlidge 1915 A.C. 120 : (1914-15) All E.R. Rep 1
Electronic Corporation of India v. B. Karunakar (1992) 1 S C C 709
Unit-4: Reasoned Decision-Institutional Decisions The post decisional hearing Effect of
decision without of notice
Referred Cases

Reasoned Decisions
M.L. Sivani v. State of Karnataka (1995) 6 SCC 289
Chairman and Managing Director, United Commercial Bank v. P.C. Kalekar
(2003) 4 SC 364
Institutional Decisions
Local government Board V. Arlidge 1915 A.C. 120; [1914-15] All E.R. Rep. 1
Morgan vs. United States 298 U.S. 468 (1936)
Gullapalli Nageswar Rao V. A P S R T C AIR 1959 AC 1376
Post Decisional Hearing
Maneka Gandhi Vs. Union of India AIR 1978 S C 597; (1978) 1 S C C 248
Shekhar Ghosh V. Union of India (2007) 1 S C C 331
Effect of Decision Without Notice
Nawab Khan V. State of Gujurat A I R 1974 S C 1471
A.R. Antulay v. P.S. Nayak (1988) 2 S C C 602
Unit-5: Exceptions to (Exclusion of ) notice and hearing, emergency Confidentiality Purely
administrative matters- Legislative action Policy decision Statutory exclusion
Impracticability No infringement of Right Useless formality
Referred Cases

Exceptions to (Exclusion of ) Natural Justice


Emergency
Swedesi Cotton Mills v. Union of India A IR 1981 S C 760

Ajit Kumar Nag V. Indian Oil Corporation Ltd (2005) 7 S C C 764


Confidentiality
Malak Singh V. State of Punjab and Hyriyana A I R 1981 S C 760
Purely Administrative Matter
Superintendent of Police V. Deepak Choudhury (1995) 6 S C C 225
Impracticability
R Radhakrishana V. Osmania University A I R 1974 A.P. 283
W. B. Electricity Regulatory Commission v. C E S C Ltd (2002) 8 S C C 715
Interim Preventive Action
Abhaya Kumar V. K. Srinivasn AIR 1981 Del 381
Legislative Action
State of Punjab V. Tehal Singh (2002) 2 S C C 7
Suresh Chandra Nanhorya v. Rajendr Rajak (2006) 7 SCC 800
No Right Infringed
J.R . Vohra v. Indian Expert Homes Pvt Ltd AIR 1985 SC 475
Statutory Exceptions or Necessity
Charan Lal Sahoo v. Union of India (1991) 1 SCC 613
Contractual Agreement
State of Gujirat V. M.P. Shah Charitable Trust (1994) 3 SCC 552
Policy Decision
BALCO Employess Union v. Union of India (2002) 2 SCC 333
Useless Formality
Karnatak SRTR v. S G. Kotturappa (2005) 3 S C C 409
Ashok KumarSonkar v. Union of India (2007) 4 S CC 54

Module V : Discretionary Functions


Unit-1: Meaning of discretion Constitutional and Statutory Absolute Subjective and
objective
Referred Cases:

Discretion granted by the constitution Article 14 Article 19


Liversidge v. Anderson 1942 AC 206: (1941) 3 All E.R. 338(Read in

particular Lord Atikins dissenting Judgment pp 349-363 in All ER)


Secretary of State for Education and Science v. Metropolitan Borough of

Tameside (1977) A.C. 1014; (1976) 2 ALL E.R. 665


Pad Field V. Ministry of Agriculture (1968) 1 All E.R. 694
Recall cases on discretion under articles 14 & 19 of the Constitution see for ex.

Pp 66-69 of Massy 7th Edition


Unit-2: The ultra vires principle Reasonableness
Referred Cases:

Kruse V. Johnson (1898) 2 Q .B. 91; (1895-99) All. E.R. Rep 106
Roberts V. Hopwood (1925 A.C.) 578; [1925] All E.R. Rep 24

Associated Provintial Picture House Ltd v. Wednesbury Corporation (1948) 1

K.B. 223; 1947 All E.R. 498


Bharat Heavy Electricls Ltd. V. M. Chandra Sekhar Ready (2005) 2 S C C 481

Unit-3: Taking into account irrelevant considerations Omission of relevant consideration Referred Cases

Colourable and malafide exercise Non application of mind


Barium Chemicals Ltd. V. Company Law Board AIR 1967 SC 295
Tarlochan Deo Sharma v. State of Punjab AIR 2001 SC 252; (2001) 6 SCC 260
Everest Wools Pvt. Ltd and others v. U. P. Financial Corporation and others
(2008) 1. SCC.643.
Centre for PIL and others v. Union of India and another (2011) 4.SCC.1
Unit-4: Acting under dictation Imposing fetters on discretion Delegation and sub delegation
Referred Cases

Allingha V Minister of Agriculture and fisheries (1948) 1 All ER 780


Maratwada University V Seshrao (1989) 3 SCC 132; AIR 1989 SC 1582
High court of Judicature at Bombay V Shishir Kumar Rangarao Patil; AIR 1997

SC 2631
Unit-5: Legitimate expectations Proportionality
Referred Cases

Council of civil service Unions V Minister for civil services 1985 AC 374
[1984]3 ALLE.R.935
Union of India V Hindustan Development Corporation (1993)3 SCC 499
(For a discussion of Legitimate Expatiation see pares 23 to 37 Pages 537 to

550)
R V Secretary State for Home ex:p: Brind (1990) 1 all England report page 469

(1991) 1 A.C. 696 affirmed by House of Lords in [1991] a All E.R. 720 [H.L]
Coimbatore District Central Co-operative Bank V Employees Association
(2007) 4 SCC 669

Module VI : Governmental Liability


Unit-1: Breach of duties Distinction between power and
Referred Cases:

Bhilwandi Municipality V K.S. Works AIR 1975 SC 29


Municipal Council Ratlam V Vardichan and others (1980) a SCC 162
Unit-2: Liability in tort -Pre Constitutional period Act of State.
Referred Cases

P&O steam Navigation Company V Secretary of State. 5Bombay H.C.R.

Appendex-1 (1861)
(Decided by Calcutta Supreme Court)
Nobin Chandre Dey V Secretary of State (1876) ILR 1 Calcutta 11
Secretary of state V Haribhanj (1882) 5 ILR Mad 273
Gujurat V Vora fiddali AIR 1964 SC 1043
Barma Oil Company Ltd. V Lord advocate (1965) AC 75 (1964) 2 ALL

E.R.348(H.L.)
Unit-3: Liability in tort post constitutional period Article 300- Liability in Tort Bill
Referred Cases

State Rajastan V Vidya Wati AIR 1962 S.C. 933


Kasturilal V Uttarpredesh AIR 1965 SC 1039
N. Nagendra Rao & Company V State of A.P. (1994) 6 SCC 205
Chairman Rly Board V Chandrima Das (2000) 2 SCC 465
Unit-4: Liability in Contract Article 299- Authority to contract Formalities Application of
quasi contract Promissory estoppel
Referred Cases

K.P Choudhury V Madhya Predesh AIR 1967 SC 203


Chaturbhuj V Vital das Moreshore AIR 1954 SC 236
Promissory Estoppel
Union of India V Indo Afghan Agencies AIR 1968 SC 718
Motilal padanpat Sugar Mills V State of U.P. AIR 1971 SC 621
Gujarat State financial Cooperation V Lotus Hotels (PVT.) LTD. AIR 1983 SC
848 (1983) 3 SCC 379
Unit-5: Public interest immunities Question whether state is bound by the statute Privileges in
litigation Impact of RTI Act-2002 Judges and public servants Crown privilege
Referred Cases

Crown Privilege To withhold production of unpublished documents Section 123 of


the Indian Evidence Act
Duncan V Cammell Laird and Company Ltd. (1941) 1 ALL E.R. 437
Conway V Rimmer (1967) 2 ALL E.R. 1260
Newyork Times V United States 345 U.S. 1 (1952)
U.S. V Nixon (1974) 418 U.S. 683
S.P. Gupta V Union of India AIR 1982 S.C. 149, (1981) Supp. SCC 87
U.P. V Raj Narayan AIR 1975 S.C. 1975

Is the State bound by statute? Common law rule that state is bound only if
specifically mentioned or by necessary implication In India changed as state is always
bound unless exempted specifically or by necessary implication
Province of Bombay V Municipal Cooperation for the city of Bombay AIR 1947

P.C. 34
Director of Rationing V Corporation of Calcutta AIR 1960 SC 1355
Superintendent and Remembrancer of Legal Affairs V Corporation of

Calcutta AIR 1967 SC 997


State of Maharashtra V Indian Medical Association; (2002) 1 SCC 589

Module VII: Remedies in Administrative Law


Unit-1: Public law remedies Article 226, 27,32, and 136 of the constitution Characteristics of
writ jurisdiction Discretionary- delay Res-judicata alternative remedy locus
standi Grant of compensation Merit and legality public interest litigation

Referred Cases:

Laches Trilokchand Motichand Vs H.B.Munshi (1961)1 SSC 110,AIR 1970 SC

898
Existance Of alternative remedy
State Of UP Vs Mohd Nooh AIR 1959 SC 86
Himmat Lal Vs State of UP AIR 1954 SC 403
Resjudicata
Daryao Singh Vs State of UPAIR 1961 SC 1457
Locus Standi & PIL
Fertilizer Corporation Kamgar Union Vs Union Of india (1981)1 SCC 568,AIR
1981 SC 344
Sunil Batra Vs Delhi Admn (1980)3 SCC488,AIR 1980 SC 1579
Compensation
D.K.Basu Vs State Of W.B (1997)1 SCC 416
Unit-II: Writ habeas corpus, certiorari, prohibition, mandamus, Quo Warranto- developments in
England, Petition for Judicial Review
Referred Cases:

Habeas corpus

State o f Bombay Vs. A.R.S.Vaidya AIR 1951 SC 157

Certiorari

Ebrahim Abu Baker Vs Custodian General of evacittee Property AIR 1952 SC

319
State of Punjab V K R Erry (1973)1 SCC 120,AIR 1973 SC 834

Prohibition

Munuramapa & Sons Vs Custodian Evacuee Property AIR 1962 SC 289


Mandamus Comptroller and Auditor General V K.S. Jagannathan AIR 1987 SC
537; (1986)2 SCC 679

Quo Warranto

University of Mysore V Govinda Rao 1965 SC 491

Unit-3: Private Law & Statutory remedies Suit for damages Injunction Declaration
Appeal to higher administrative tribunal Reference to courts on questions of law
Referred Cases

Injunction
Ganga Narayan Vs Municipal Board ILR (1897) 19 ALL 313
Colgate Palmolive (India) Ltd. Vs Hindustan Lever Ltd. AIR 1999 SC 3105
(1999) 7 SCC 1
Declaration
Mysore SRT Corporation V Mirja Khasim AIR 1977 SC 747 (1977) 2 SCC 457
Anne Basent National Girls High School Vs Deputy Director of public instruction
AIR 1983 SC 526; (1983) 1 SCC 200
Suit
Thawardas Pherumal Vs Union of India AIR 1955 SC 468
Unit-4: Remedies against mal administration Ombudsman, Lokpal & Lokyukta - Lokapal Bill
Central Vigilance Commission Human Rights Commission Minority Commission
Commission for the welfare of the women and children Backward class commissionSC & ST Commission- Right to Information Act -2005

Referred Cases:

Mal administration
Lokayukta / Upa Lokayukta Vs TRS Reddy (1997) 9 SCC 42
Durga Hotel Complex Vs Reserve Bank of India (2007)P 5 SCC 120
Right to Know
Union of India Vs Association for democratic reforms (2002) 5 SCC 294

Peoples Union of Civil Vs Union of India (2003) 4 SCC 399


Onkar Lal Bajaj Vs Union of India (2003) 2 SCC 673
Unit-5: Administrative Finality and exclusion of jurisdiction of the courts- Constitutionallegislative Section 9 of the CPC Direct and implied Exclusion As if enacted in the
Act, Exclusive evidence and finality clauses
Referred Cases:

Constitutional Exclusion
Madavrao Seindia Vs Union of India AIR 1971 Sc 530
Indira Nehru Gandhi Vs Raj Narayan AIR 1975 SC 2299
L. Chandra Kumar Vs Union of India AIR 1997 SC 1125, (1997) 3 SCC 261
I.R. Coelho Vs State of TamilNadu (2007) 2 SCC 1
Finality Clauses
Minster of Health Vs Yaffe (1931) AC 347, (1931) ALL E.R. Rep. 3 43 (H.L.)
Implied Exclusion
Premier Auto mobile Ltd Vs K.S. Wadke AIR 1975 SC 2238 (1976) 1 SCC 496
Upadhya H. Dev Sankar Vs D.V. Solanki (1988)- 2 SCC 1
Direct Exclusion
Anisminic Ltd Vs Forign Compensation Commission (1969) 1 ALL ER 208
Dhulabhai Vs State of M.P. AIR 1969 SC 1089
Syed Mohmad Baquir El Edroos Vs State of Gujurat;(1981) 4 SCC 383
AIR 1981 SC 2016

Module VIII: Protection of Civil Servants


Unit-1: Constitutional Scheme Doctrine Pleasure
Doctrine of Pleasure

Om Prakash Vs State of U.P. AIR 1955 SC 600

Unit-2 & 3: Limitation on doctrine of Pleasure no dismissal or reduction by subordinate


authority- No dismissal, removal or reduction of rank except after notice Persons
entitled to the protection- Scope of Notice and showing cause against punishment
Referred Cases:

Parasotam Lall Dhingra Vs Union of India AIR 1958 SC 36


Managing Director ECIL Hyderabad Vs B. Karunakar (1993) 4 SCC 727

Unit-4: Ececeptions to the protections Conviction on criminal charge impractibility of giving


notice Security of the State
Referred Cases:
Union of India Vs Tulsiram Patel AIR 1985 SC 1416

Unit-5: The administrative tribunal Article 323 A of the Constitution The Administrative
Tribunal Act -1985-Review by High Courts
Referred Cases:

S.P. Sampath Kumar Vs Union of India (1987) 1 SCC 124, AIR 1987 SC 386
R.K. Jain Vs Union of India AIR 1993 SC 1769; (1993) 4 SCC 119
L. Chandra Kumar Vs Union of India (1997) 3 SCC 261, AIR 1997 SC 1125

ANNEXURE II
DAY TO DAY SCHEDULE

Name of the topic


Module I : Introduction

Number of classes
2 classes

Unit-1:

Unit-2: The Concept of Rule of law

1 class

Unit-3: Doctrine of separation of powers

1 Class

Unit-4: Administrative Authorities.

1 class

Unit-5: Classification of Administrative Functions -

1 class

Module II : Legislative functions of the


Administration
Unit-1 Delegated legislation.

1 class

Unit-2: Norms governing the delegation.

1 class

(ix)

Constitutionality of the delegation of

1 class

legislative power
(b) Essential Legislative policy cannot be

1 class

delegated
ii) Retrospective Operation

1 class

iv)Sub delegation
v) Publication:- in draft

1 class
1 class

vi) Henry VIII Clause and Similar Clauses

1 class

vii) Delegation of Taxing power.

Unit-3: Parliamentary control of delegated legislation


A. Substantive Ultra Vires
Constitutional
(i) Excessive delegation

(ii) Parent Act against Constitution


(iii) Delegated legislation against the Constitution

1 class
1 class
2 Classes

1 class
2 classes

Legislative (Substantive Ultra Vires)


(i) in Excess of the power conferred by the Act

1 class

(ii) In-conflict with the enabling act


1 class
(iii) It is unreasonable, arbitrary and discriminatory
(iv) It is mala fide

1 class
1 class

(v) It is against rights given by Common Law


1 class
(vi) Is in conflict with the terms of another Statute
1 class
(vii)It is Vague
1 class
(B) Procedural Ultra Vires
(i) Directory or Mandatory
1 class
(ii) Publication
1 class
(iii) Consultation
1 class
(iv) Prior Permission
1 class
Unit-5: Administrative Directions having the force of

law
Module III: Judicial functions of the Administration
Unit-1: Growth of tribunals- Classification of
tribunals- Problems with tribunals.

2 classes

2 classes

Unit-2: Excess of jurisdiction- Law and fact


Determining jurisdiction
Wrong finding of fact governing jurisdiction
(Jurisdictional Fact)

1 class

Unit-3: Exercise of jurisdiction Fact and law-Error


of law
b. Error of law Apparent of the face of the record

2 classes

Non apparent error of law


Appreciation of Evidence
1 class
Module IV : Natural Justice
Unit 1: General - Fairness- two Principles Bias

2 classes

(Nemo Judex in Causa Sua) Notice- Audi


Alteram Partem
Unit 2: Personal Bias.
Unit-3: Notice and hearing

2 classes

1 class
Unit-4: Reasoned Decision-

Unit-5: Exceptions.
Module V : Discretionary Functions
Unit-1: Meaning of discretion.
Unit-2: The ultra vires principle Reasonableness
Unit-3: Taking into account irrelevant considerations
Omission of relevant consideration Colourable and
malafide exercise Non application of mind
Unit-4: Acting under dictation Imposing fetters on
discretion Delegation and sub delegation

2 classes
2 classes
2 classes
1 class

2 classes
1 class

Unit-5: Legitimate expectations Proportionality


Module VI : Governmental Liability

1 class

Unit-1: Breach of duties Distinction between power


and duty
1 class
Unit-2: Liability in tort -Pre Constitutional period
Act of State.

1 class

Unit-3: Liability in tort post constitutional period


Article 300- Liability in Tort Bill
1 class
Unit-4: Liability in Contract Article 299- Authority
to contract Formalities Application of quasi
contract Promissory estoppel
Unit-5: Public interest immunities Question whether
state is bound by the statute Privileges in litigation
Impact of RTI Act-2002
Judges and public
servants Crown privilege
Is the State bound by statute? Common law

1 class

1 class

rule that state is bound only if specifically


mentioned or by necessary implication In
India changed as state is always bound
unless exempted specifically or by necessary
implication
Module VII: Remedies in Administrative Law
Unit-1: Public law remedies Article 226, 27,32, and
136 of the constitution Characteristics of writ
jurisdiction Discretionary- delay Res-judicata
alternative remedy locus standi Grant of
compensation Merit and legality public interest
litigation

1 class

1 class
Unit-II: Writ habeas corpus, certiorari, prohibition,
mandamus, Quo Warranto- developments
in England, Petition for Judicial Review

1 class
Unit-3: Private Law & Statutory remedies Suit for
damages Injunction Declaration Appeal
to higher administrative tribunal Reference
to courts on questions of law
Unit-4: Remedies against mal administration

1 class

Ombudsman, Lokpal & Lokyukta - Lokapal


Bill Central Vigilance Commission
Human Rights Commission Minority
Commission Commission for the welfare
of the women and children Backward class
commission-SC & ST Commission- Right to
Information Act -2005

1 class

Unit-5: Administrative Finality and exclusion of


jurisdiction of the courts- Constitutionallegislative Section 9 of the CPC Direct
and implied Exclusion As if enacted in the
Act, Exclusive evidence and finality clauses
1 class
Module VIII: Protection of Civil Servants
Unit-1: Constitutional Scheme Doctrine Pleasure
Unit-2 & 3: Limitation on doctrine of Pleasure no

1 class

dismissal or reduction by subordinate


authority- No dismissal, removal or
reduction of rank except after notice
Persons entitled to the protectionScope of Notice and showing cause
against punishment

1 class

Unit-4: Exceptions to the protections Conviction on


criminal charge impracticability of giving
notice Security of the State
1 class
Unit-5: The administrative tribunal Article 323 A of
the Constitution The Administrative
Tribunal
Act -1985-Review by High Courts
1 class

ANNEX
URE III
READINGS
I.P. Massey Administrative Law-7th edition Eastern Book Company
S P Sathe - Administrative Law-7th edition Lexis Nexis Butterwarths
Wuadawanagar

T.K. Takwani-Letuers on Administrative Law- 4th Edition Eastern Book


Company
M.C. Jain Kagzi The Indian Administrative Law-6 th Edition- Universal Law
Publishing Company Pvt. Ltd
H. W. R. Wade & C. F Forsyth Administrative Law -10 th Edition Oxford
University Press
M.P Jain and S.N. Jain Principles off administrative Law -6 th Edition in two
volumes
Durga Das Basu-Administrative Law-Sixth Edition,2004- Second Reprint
2010-Kamala Law House- Kolkata
C. K. Thakker, Administrative Law (Second Edition) 2012 : Eastern Book
Company, Lucknow
Marckse A.T- Judicial Control of Administrative Action in India, Madras Law
Journal Office 1956(A pioneering book on Administrative law written in
India) it covers only one central aspect of administrative law namely judicial
control of powers.
Bhagawati Prasad Banerjee; Judicial Control of Administrative Action
(Second Edition) 2012:Lexis Nexis Butterworths Wadhwa, Nagpur.
M.P. Jain cases and materials on Indian Administrative Law in three
volumes- Wadavas, Nagpur.
Paul Craig, Administrative Law- 6th edition -2008-Sweet and Maxwal
De Smiths Judicial Review- 6 th edition -2007 by Harry Woolf et als Sweet and Maxwel.
Dicey A.V. An introduction to the study the law of constitution (with an
introduction by E.C.S Wade) 10th Edition Universal.
A W Bradley and K.D. Ewing Constitutional and Administrative law 13 th
Edition Longmans.
Michael Allen and Brian Thompson- Cases and Materials on Constitutional
and administrative law-9th Edition Oxford.
Michael T Molan (Editor)- 150 leading cases - Constitutional and
Administrative law-2nd Edition Old Briley Press.
For comparative references to French and American Administrative law the
following books may be consulted
L. Neville Brown and John S Bell, French Administrative Law (5 th Edition),
Clarendon Press Oxford

Bernand Schwartz , Administrative Law (a case book). Aspen Publishes,


New York
H.W.R. Wade and Forsyth, Administrative Law, 10 th edition Oxford
publication.

(i)

Journals and Reports


For Indian case reports the All India Reports and Supreme Court Cases may
be consulted.
For English cases The All England Reports may be used

(iv) Websites Manupatra s West Law

Lexis and Nexis