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HANOI UNIVERSITY OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY (HUST

)

Saving energy by solar collector and heat
pump combination in hot water
production in residential and hotel
sectors
Dr. Nguyen Nguyen An, HUST

HANOI UNIVERSITY OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY (HUST)

CONTENTS


Energy consumption to produce hot water in
residential and hotel sectors
Current solutions to save energy in hot water
production
Solar collector and heat pump combination in hot
water production (SHCS – Solar & Heat pump
Combination System)
Some achievements of SHCS project
Conclusions

HANOI UNIVERSITY OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY (HUST) Energy consumption to produce hot water in Vietnam Residential Energy Consuption in Vietnam Hotel Energy Consumption in Vietnam Others 10% Lighting 20% Lighting 27% Lighting Lighting Hot water Air conditioning Air conditioning 45% Others Hot water 18% Hot water Air conditioning 50% Air conditioning Hot water 30% .

HANOI UNIVERSITY OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY (HUST) Energy consumption to produce hot water in other country .

HANOI UNIVERSITY OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY (HUST) Energy consumption to produce hot water .

almost “zero” energy consumption. Using both solar collector and HWHP: working non-influenced by weather. requirement of regularly maintenance will be reduced but required high initial cost. . Using hot water heat pump (HWHP): low energy consumption (about 1/3 of resistant element water heater) but required regularly maintenance.HANOI UNIVERSITY OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY (HUST) Current solutions to save energy in hot water production    Using solar collector: “zero” energy consumption but strongly influenced by weather condition.

◦ Develop an intelligent controller that can automatically operate the HWHP based on the amount of hot water required by the load in “future”.SHCS  pump Main ideas of SHCS project: ◦ Reduce the heating capacity (so reduce the initial cost) of the HWHP by increasing the volume of the hot water storage tank. ◦ Develop a design tool (dynamic simulation basic) which can determine the heating capacity of the HWHP from weather data analysis and the pattern of hot water load. . Currently. the HWHP controller works based on the “set temperature” only.HANOI UNIVERSITY OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY (HUST) Solar collector and Heat Combination System .

◦ Develop a Computer Aided Design (CAD) software for SHCS. 4-star hotel in Vietnam. install and test a prototype of SHCS to produce hot water for a 220-room. ◦ Design.HANOI UNIVERSITY OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY (HUST) Solar collector and Heat Combination System . install and test a prototype of SHCS to produce hot water for a 5-person house in Vietnam. .SHCS  pump Goals of SHCS project: ◦ Design. ◦ Develop a controller algorithm for SHCS.

HANOI UNIVERSITY OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY (HUST) Some achievements of SHCS project .

HANOI UNIVERSITY OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY (HUST)  Prototype of SHCS to produce hot water for a 5person house in Vietnam Diagram of SHCS .

25 .Number of vacuum tube: 20 .Solar collector type: vacuum tube.Location: Hanoi capital .Total volume of hot water storage: 250 liters .64 m2 .Daily hot water usage: 150 liters .HANOI UNIVERSITY OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY (HUST)  Prototype of SHCS to produce hot water for a 5person house in Vietnam System specifications: .65 kW) .Absorption area of solar collector: 2.4% of usual requirement of 4. D58 mm .Heating COP: 3.Heating capacity of HWHP: 950 W (20.

D58 mm .64 m2 .Volume of storage tank: 200 liters .Type: vacuum tube.Number of vacuum tube: 20 .HANOI UNIVERSITY OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY (HUST)  Prototype of SHCS to produce hot water for a 5person house in Vietnam Solar collector: .Absorption area: 2.

HANOI UNIVERSITY OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY (HUST)  Prototype of SHCS to produce hot water for a 5person house in Vietnam Cycle diagram of HWHP: .

Expansion device: capillary tube . S. Model SC-10GH. Refrigerant R134a.Volume of storage tank: 50 liters .Compressor: Danfoss.Evaporator: finned tube type .226 m2 . HE area 0.29cm3/rev.HANOI UNIVERSITY OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY (HUST) Prototype of SHCS to produce hot water for a 5person house in Vietnam 1st Prototype of HWHP  . 10. .Condenser: Helical shape heat exchanger with natural convective on water side.V.

HANOI UNIVERSITY OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY (HUST) Prototype of SHCS to produce hot water for a 5person house in Vietnam 2nd Prototype of HWHP  . Refrigerant R134a.Compressor: Danfoss.Condenser: Helical shape heat exchanger with natural convective on water side.29cm3/rev. Model SC-10GH.Evaporator: finned-tube type .V. 10. .Expansion device: capillary tube .Volume of storage tank: 50 liters . S. HE area 0.32 m2 .

32 m2 .Height of coil: 550 mm .Condenser type: Helical shape with natural convective on water side .HANOI UNIVERSITY OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY (HUST)  Prototype of SHCS to produce hot water for a 5person house in Vietnam 950 W condenser manufacture for 2nd Prototype .Outside diameter of coil: 90 mm .Number of revolution: 64 .Total heat exchanger area: 0.

Final installation .HANOI UNIVERSITY OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY (HUST)  Prototype of SHCS to produce hot water for a 5person house in Vietnam 2nd Prototype of HWHP.

4-star hotel in Vietnam Diagram of SHCS .HANOI UNIVERSITY OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY (HUST)  Prototype of SHCS to produce hot water for a 220-room.

D58 mm .Solar collector type: vacuum tube.Daily hot water usage: 13.7% of usual requirement of 213 kW) .Number x Heating capacity of a HWHP: 4 x 18.Total volume of hot water storage: 30 m3 (variable volume) .2 m3 .HANOI UNIVERSITY OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY (HUST)  Prototype of SHCS to produce hot water for a 220-room.Total absorption area of collector panels: 186 m2 .6 .Heating COP: 3.Number of vacuum tube per panel: 50 .Location: Nha Trang city .5 kW .Total heating capacity of HWHP: 74 kW (34. 4-star hotel in Vietnam System specifications: .Number of collector panel: 27 .

HANOI UNIVERSITY OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY (HUST)  Prototype of SHCS to produce hot water for a 220-room.Condenser: shell-tube.Evaporator: finned-tube type . 4-star hotel in Vietnam Cycle diagram of HWHP: . 370cm3/rev.51 m2 .2Y.Compressor: Bitzer. “multi body” heat exchanger type . R134a. 4CC-9.HE area: 2.Expansion device: thermostatic expansion valve (Danfoss) . .

5 kW condenser manufacture (total HE area 2.Number of shell per heat exchanger: 10 .Diameter of tube: 12.7 mm .Diameter of shell (outer tube): 54 mm .51 m2): . 4-star hotel in Vietnam 18.HANOI UNIVERSITY OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY (HUST)  Prototype of SHCS to produce hot water for a 220-room.Number of tube per shell/ per heat exchanger: 7/70 .

Width: 1135 mm .Height: 1450 mm . 4-star hotel in Vietnam 1st Prototype of HWHP: .HANOI UNIVERSITY OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY (HUST)  Prototype of SHCS to produce hot water for a 220-room.Depth: 550 mm .

HANOI UNIVERSITY OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY (HUST)  Prototype of SHCS to produce hot water for a 220-room.Width: 1135 mm .Depth: 550 mm .Height: 1450 mm . 4-star hotel in Vietnam 1st Prototype of HWHP: .

HANOI UNIVERSITY OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY (HUST) Conclusions    Method proposed for saving energy in hot water production in residential and hotel sectors can provide hot water with very low energy consumption.4% and 34. .7% for residential and hotel sectors. Require further study to verify the HW supplying capability as well as to determine the payback period of this method with various applications. respectively. This method can be implemented with reasonable initial cost by reducing the heating capacity of Hot Water Heat Pump (HWHP) down to 20.

HANOI UNIVERSITY OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY (HUST) National R&D Project THANK YOU FOR YOUR KIND ATTENTION! .