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SERIE 3KR

ELABORADO POR CNOVOA PARA FSAA

SISTEMA DE ENFRIAMIENTO DEL MOTOR


TURBOCARGADOR

CAJA DE
TERMOSTATOS
AFTERCOOLER

TANQUE DE
REFRIGERANTE

CULATAS

BLOCK DEL
MOTOR
BOMBA DE
REFRIGERANTE
ENFRIADOR
DE ACEITE DE
MOTOR
ENFRIADOR DE
TRANSMISION

ENFRIADOR DE
ACEITE
HIDRAULICO

RADIADOR

D10R AMOCS
RADIADOR

VALVULA DE ALIVIO
DE ALTA PRESION

INYECTORES

BOMBA HEUI
IAPCV

BLOCK DEL
MOTOR

SISTEMA DE
LUBRICACION
DEL MOTOR

FILTRO DE
ACEITE

VALVULA DE
DERIVACION DEL
ENFRIAOR
ENFRIADOR DE
ACEITE DE MOTOR
BOMBA DE
ACEITE

HACIA EL
TURBOCARGADOR

SISTEMA DE PRE-LUBRICACION DEL MOTOR


SWITCH DE
PRESION DE
ACEITE
VALVULA
CHECK

LINEA DE
SUCCION

BOMBA DE
ENGRANAJES

MOTOR DE
ARRANQUE

SISTEMA DE COMBUSTIBLE DEL MOTOR


INYECTORES

HACIA
LUBRICACION
DEL MOTOR
RESERVORIO
DE ACEITE

CULATAS
BOMBA
HEUI
FILTRO DE
ACEITE

CULATAS

IAPCV

ECM DEL
MOTOR

ENFRIADOR
DE ACEITE DE
MOTOR
BOMBA DE
TRANSFERENCIA
BOMBA DE
ACEITE
FILTRO
PRIMARIO

INYECTORES
FILTROS
SECUNDARIOS

REGULADOR
DE PRESION

PROTECTOR
DE ESCAPE

SISTEMA DE ADMISION
Y ESCAPE DE AIRE
SILENCIADOR

PRESION DE
REFUERZO

MULTIPLE
DE ESCAPE

POSENFRIADOR
PRECLEANER

CILINDRO

FILTROS
DE AIRE
INDICADOR DE RESTRICCION DE AIRE

TURBOCARGADOR
TURBINA
COMPRESOR

VALVULA
COMPENSADORA

BOMBA HEUI

ORIFICIO
BOMBA DE TRANSFERENCIA
RESERVORIO
BOMBA HEUI

PLATO BASCULANTE

Priming the pump after replacement is extremely important to prevent


slipper pad overheating. Pump failure or damage will occur due to lack of
lubrication if the case is not filled during replacement.
The priming port is located adjacent to the inlet tube (not shown) and is
the rearmost of the two plugs. The front plug is the case drain passage
and is vented over the pump drive gears. Therefore, the front plug cannot
be used for priming.
A .50 mm (.020 in.) orifice is located between the fill port line and the
case drain line. This orifice allows a continuous flow from the case to the
drain circuit for lubrication, cooling and venting of air from the reservoir.
The procedure to prime the Hydraulic Supply Pump case is:
1. Remove the plug from the priming port.
2. Fill the compartment with oil and replace the plug.
3. Fill the reservoir with oil (if the machine is not equipped with
pre-lube).

VALVULA COMPENSADORA
CARRETE LIMITADOR
DE PRESION
ORIFICIO

VALVULA DE CONTROL
DE PRESION DE ACTUACION
DE INYECCION

CARRETE DE
SENSADO DE CARGA
VALVULA CHECK

ORIFICIO DE DRENAJE

AL PISTON DE CONTROL
DE DESPLAZAMIENTO
AL DRENAJE

During DESTROKE, the ECM momentarily de-energizes the Pump


Control Valve causing a pressure drop in the spring chamber of the Load
Sensing Spool.
Unbalanced pressures force the spool to the left, allowing the oil to enter
the Displacement Control Piston and move the swashplate toward
minimum angle.

SISTEMA DE CONTROL HIDRAULICO HEUI


ARRANQUE
AL SISTEMA
DE LUBRICACION

RESERVORIO DE
ARRANQUE EN FRIO

PISTON DE CONTROL
DE DESPLAZAMIENTO

AL MULTIPLE
IZQUIERDO

VALVULA CHECK
BOMBA DE SUMINISTRO

SOLENOIDE
(ENERGIZADO)

BANDEJA DE ACEITE

AL MULTIPLE
DERECHO

CARRETE
LIMITADOR
DE PRESION

CARRETE
DE SENSADO

VALVULA DE
CONTROL DE LA
BOMBA

DRENAJE
DE ACEITE

The displacement of the pump is controlled to maintain the desired


operating pressure at the flow rate required by the injectors. The
displacement is regulated by an electro-hydraulic control.
Displacement of the pump is varied by pivoting the swashplate from
0 degrees to a maximum angle of 15.5 degrees. When the engine is not
running, the swashplate is at the maximum angle. During operation, the
displacement control piston adjusts the swashplate position to meet the
system flow demand.
During initial cranking, the swashplate is at full displacement until the
supply pressure increases to 6200 kPa (900 psi). The spring at the end of
the load sensing spool regulates this pressure. Then, the specification
programmed into the ECM for normal cranking will override this
pressure. Until this point, the control valve solenoid is fully energized for
the pressure increase.

SISTEMA DE CONTROL HIDRAULICO HEUI


STANDBY

AL SISTEMA
DE LUBRICACION

RESERVORIO DE
ARRANQUE EN FRIO

AL MULTIPLE
IZQUIERDO
PISTON DE CONTROL
DE DESPLAZAMIENTO

VALVULA CHECK
BOMBA DE SUMINISTRO
CARRETE
DE
SOLENOIDE
SENSADO
(DESENERGIZADO)

BANDEJA DE ACEITE

DRENAJE
DE ACEITE

AL MULTIPLE
DERECHO

VALVULA DE
CONTROL DE LA
BOMBA

CARRETE
LIMITADOR
DE PRESION

SISTEMA DE CONTROL HIDRAULICO HEUI


CARRETE LIMITADOR

AL SISTEMA
DE LUBRICACION

RESERVORIO DE
ARRANQUE EN FRIO

AL MULTIPLE
IZQUIERDO
PISTON DE CONTROL
DE DESPLAZAMIENTO

VALVULA CHECK
BOMBA DE SUMINISTRO
CARRETE
DE
SOLENOIDE
SENSADO
(DESENERGIZADO)
ORIFICIO
OBSTRUIDO

BANDEJA DE ACEITE

DRENAJE
DE ACEITE

AL MULTIPLE
DERECHO

VALVULA DE
CONTROL DE LA
BOMBA

CARRETE
LIMITADOR
DE PRESION

ACEITE A ALTA PRESION


ADAPTADOR
DEL INYECTOR

SEGURO DEL INYECTOR


PUENTE

BASE DEL BALANCIN


INYECTOR
PASAJE DE LUBRICACION
PASAJE DE ACEITE
DE ALTA PRESION

MULTIPLE DE
SUMINISTRO
MANGUITO DEL
INYECTOR
CULATA
SUMINISTRO DE
BAJA PRESION

REFRIGERANTE
BLOCK DEL MOTOR
ARANDELA METALICA

48
Hydraulic Unit Injector Operation
Fuel and oil flow

High pressure hydraulic oil is provided to each injector from the hydraulic
supply passages through individual jumper tubes.
Fuel is supplied to the injector by the low pressure supply passage located
in the fluid manifolds (described on the next slide).
Special "Viton" o-rings are used in the hydraulic joints between the
injector and the fluid manifold.
NOTE: This slide and the following slide depart from the color
legend by using orange for high pressure oil to avoid confusion
between the two fluids.

ESPACIADOR

MANGUITO

ARMADURA
VALVULA POPPET
SOLENOIDE

CUERPO DE LA VALVULA

LAINA
BARREL

PISTON

ADAPTER

COMPONTES DEL
INYECTOR UNITARIO

ARANDELA
SELLO SUPERIOR

PLUNGER
VALVULA CHECK DE
ENTRADA DE
COMBUSTIBLE
PIN
MANGUITO
ESPACIADOR
SELLO INFERIOR
CHECK
TOBERA

Injector component
parts

This slide shows the component parts in the three basic groups discussed
previously.
The valve body has three parts (body, adaptor and spacer) which are
assembled with great precision. Any damage sustained in the valve body
area during installation or removal will cause an injector failure.

NOTICE
The correct injector removal procedures and tooling specified in the
service manual must always be used. Any leverage applied below the
valve body can cause deformation of the poppet valve bore and
possible injector failure.

Training Aid
Sale Notification

Service Traininjg
501 S.W. Jefferson Avenue
Peoria, Illinois 61630-2125
Number: 6
September, 2002

Injector Cutaways

3100 HEUI Injector


- $300 w/core
- $375 w/o core

3400 HEUI Injector


- $425 w/core
- $500 w/o core

3126B HEUI Injector


- $425 w/core
- $500 w/o core

C9 HEUI Injector
- $450 w/core
- $550 w/o core

If you want information, have questions or comments about the Training Aids contact:
Chuck E. Ellis
Office: (309) 494-5781
Fax: (309) 494-5990
Internet e-mail: ellis_chuck_@CAT.com

CARACTERISTICAS DE LA INYECCION

INYECCION

FLUJO DE CORRIENTE

CIERRE DE
POPPET

CORRIENTE

DURACION

INICIO DE
INYECCION

TIEMPO (MILISEGUNDOS)

FIN DE
INYECCION

This slide shows that, as the ECM energizes the solenoid, the poppet valve
movement follows. Then, the injector rate increases for the start of
injection. The end of injection occurs as the rate drops toward zero.
Therefore:
Engine fuel timing is a function of the start of injection.
Fuel quantity is a function of:
- The duration of injection
- Injection actuation (hydraulic) pressure

PRESION DE INYECCION

HEUI

SISTEMA DE COMBUSTIBLE
ACTUADO MECANICAMENTE

EN VACIO

VELOCIDAD DEL MOTOR

DIAGRAMA DE COMPONENTES
MOTOR 3412E HEUI

INYECTORES

ADEM II
(ECM MOTOR)
PERNO A
TIERRA

SENSOR SPEED/TIMING
PRIMARIO

SONDA DE
PRUEBA PMS

SENSOR DE POSICION DEL


PEDAL DECELERADOR
SWITCH DE ECTIVACIN DE
VELOCIDAD ALTA EN VACIO
SENSOR DE PRESION DE
ENTRADA DE TURBO

SENSOR DE TEMPERATURA
DE REFRIGERANTE

VALVULA PROPORCIONAL
DEL VENTILADOR

SENSOR DE PRESION DE
SALIDA DE TURBO (BOOST)

SENSOR DE PRESION DE
ACEITE DE LUBRICACION
SENSOR DE TEMPERATURA
DE ACEITE DE INYECCION
SENSOR DE TEMPERATURA
DE COMBUSTIBLE
SWITCH DE FLUJO
DE REFRIGERANTE

24V

CONECTOR DE
INTERFACE DE
MAQUINA

SENSOR SPEED/TIMING
SECUNDARIO

SENSOR DE PRESION
ATMOSFERICA

BATERIA

RELE
LLAVE DE
PRINCIPAL ARRANQUE
DISYUNTOR

VALVULA DE CONTROL DE
PRESION DE ACTUACION
DE INYECCION (IAPCV)
SENSOR DE PRESION DE
ACEITE DE INYECCION

LLAVE DE
BATERIA

SENSOR DE VELOCIDAD
DEL VENTILADOR
CAT DATA LINK
HERRAMIENTA ELECTRONICA
ECM DE LA TRANSMISION
CMS

PANEL CMS

PERNOS A
TIERRA

CONECTOR IAPCV TEMP. AC. PRES. AC.


DE 40 PINES
LUBRIC. LUBRIC.

PRES.
ATMOSF.
SPEED/TIMING
SECUNDARIO

TEMP.
COMBUST.
SPEED/TIMING
PRIMARIO

TEMP.
REFRIGERANTE

CONECTOR
DE PRUEBA
PMS
PRES. ACT.
INYECCION

ECM

PRES. DE
REFUERZO

SWITCH FLUJO
REFRIGERANTE