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Lista de PHRASAL VERBS COMUNES para mejorar en

CONVERSACION
No tienen que memorizarlos. Hagan un plan de estudio y si aprenden 3
al da eso es fantstico. Para poder recordarlos y usarlos es importante la
REPETICION.
IMPORTANTE: recuerden que son VERBOS y por tanto pueden ser usados en
DIVERSOS TIEMPOS GRAMATICALES y tienen DIVERSAS CONJUGACIONES
Bring up mencionar algo. Dont bring up the problem we had last year.
Carry on go on que significa continuar. We have to carry on with our
work.
Chase up encontrar. Ill chase up Carlos because I need his help with
homework.
Come across encontrarse con alguien de manera inesperada. I went to
the mall and I came across Claudio. I hadnt seen him for ages.
Come up with cuando quieres expresar que alguien ha propuesto una
buena idea o plan. Brenda came up with a great solution.
Fall apart desmoronarse, romperse The expensive toy we bought our
son keeps falling apart.
Get along tener una buena relacin con alguien. I dont get along with
Howard. We always argue.
Get away with evitar ser castigado por hacer algo o por romper reglas.
He is not going to prison? I cant believe he got away with that
Get back to cuando no puedes dar una respuesta inmediata asi que
usas este verbo para decirle que despues le respondes.So what did you tell
John about the problem?Ill get back to him later.
Get over Suparar I know it was hard to leave your country but you will
get over it.
Get through conectar a la persona con quien quieras hablar por
telefono. Sorry, but I couldnt get through to her, Ill try in ten minutes
again!
Give up rendirse, abandonar I gave up smoking because it was killing
me.
Go on! lo mismo que carry on
Hold on! esperar. Comun en ingls hablado. Hold on Es como WAIT
FOR ME. Esperenme
Look after cuidar. I have to travel next week. Can you look after mu
dog?
Look into investigar. Ill look into it right away and come back to you
assoon as possible!
Look up encontrar algo como en una agenda, en Internet o en algun
catalogo. Can you look up their address on the Net?
Make out Reconocer o distinguir detalles I just couldnt make out what
she was saying!
Point out sealar o hacer notar Braulio pointed out that their
department hadnt done early shifts for a good while
Pull over detenerse (tambin usado cuando estas en el carro y detienes
el carro llevandolo a un lado de la carretera) Can you pull over?. I think we
hit a dog
Put down escribir, anotar Hold on, Ill put it down, let me just find a

piece of paper!
Put forward proponer una idea. Can I put forward something?
Put of posponer o dejar para mas tarde I dont want to clean my house
today,Ill put it off till tomorrow
Put through transferir una llamada Can you put me through to the
sales department, please?
Run out of agotarse, acabarse We just ran out of milk, can you buy
some more, please?
Run of imprimir copias de un de algo como un documento Can you run
off a few more survey sheets, please?
Set up fundar, establecer, instalar Ive always dreamt of setting up my
own business!
Show of presumir Michael always likes showing off in front of girls,
thats the way he is!
Show up aparecer (como cuando llegas a una reunion y llegas
tarde)Well, well, look who decided to show up! or He showed up late, and
the game had already started without him.
Sort out resolver un problema Bill, please do something about the
problem. OK, Ok Ill sort it out
Stand for representar What does AWOL stand for? What does J.K.
stand for in J.K. Rowlings name?
Stand up for defender tus derechos. Ill definitely stand up for my
rights to take summer holidays this year as I havent had them for four
years!
Stay on quedarse en algo o en algun lugar mas de lo esperado. Are you
staying on today as well?
Stick together estar juntos (cuando 2 o mas personas paran juntos)
We should stick together, you know, itll be much easier as everyone else
seems to be on their own!
Take over asumir. When the president retires, Mr. Tanaka will take
over.
Talk down to hablar con menosprecio haciendo a la otra persona que es
es inferior. He is his boss but he should talk down to Juan.
Turn down rechazar Ill never forget how she turned downmy
invitation!
Turn up significa llegar o aparecer. Has Michael turned up today. I
havent seen him?
Turn out cuando algo sale diferente a lo que esperado It turned out
that I actually knew that guy from my
Watch out! tener cuidado. Watch out! The floor is slipery. You might
fall

Lista de verbos en ingles mas comunes (con traduccin)


Verb
(infinitive)

Past form

Spanish

accept

accepted

aceptar

account

accounted

tener en cuenta

achieve

achieved

lograr

act

acted

actuar

add

added

sumar

admit

admited

admitir

affect

affected

afectar

agree

agreed

estar de acuerdo

aim

aimed

apuntar

allow

allowed

permitir

answer

answered

responder

appear

appeared

aparecer

apply

applied

aplicar

argue

argued

discutir

arrange

arranged

arreglar / consertar

arrive

arrived

llegar

ask

asked

preguntar

attack

attacked

atacar

avoid

avoided

evitar

base

based

basarse

beat

beat

vencer / apanar

become

became

volverse

begin

began

empezar

believe

believed

creer

belong

belonged

pertenecer

break

broke

romper

build

built

construir

burn

burnt

quemar

buy

bought

comprar

call

called

llamar

can

could

poder

can

could

poder

care

cared

importar

carry

carried

cargar / llevar

catch

caught

atrapar

cause

caused

causar

change

changed

cambiar

charge

charged

cobrar

check

checked

comprobar / controlar

choose

chose

elejir

claim

claimed

reclamar

clean

cleaned

limpiar

clear

cleared

despejar

climb

climbed

trepar

close

closed

cerrar

collect

collected

recolectar

come

came

venir

commit

commited

cometer

compare

compared

comparar

complain

complained

reclamar

complete

completed

completar

concern

concerned

concernir

confirm

confirmed

confirmar

connect

connected

conectar

consider

considered

considerar

consist

consisted

consistir

contact

contacted

contactar

contain

contained

contenet

continue

continued

continuar

contribute

contributed

contribuir

control

controled

controlar

cook

cooked

cocinar

copy

copied

copiar

correct

corrected

corregir

cost

cost

costar

count

counted

contar

cover

covered

cubrir

create

created

crear

cross

crossed

cruzar

cry

cried

llorar

cut

cut

cortar

damage

damaged

daar

dance

danced

bailar

deal

dealt

repartir

decide

decided

decidir

deliver

delivered

entregar

demand

demanded

exigir

deny

denied

denegar

depend

depended

depender

describe

described

describir

design

designed

disear

destroy

destroyed

destruir

develop

developed

desarrollar

die

died

morir

disappear

disappeared

desaparecer

discover

discovered

descubrir

discuss

discussed

discutir

divide

divided

dividir

do

did

hacer

draw

drew

dibujar

dress

dressed

vistirse

drink

drank

beber

drive

drove

manejar

drop

dropped

dejar caer

eat

ate

comer

enable

enabled

habilitar

encourage

encouraged

dar coraje

enjoy

enjoyed

disfrutar

examine

examined

examinar

exist

existed

existir

expect

expected

esperar

experience

experienced

experimentar

explain

explained

explicar

express

expressed

expresar

extend

extended

ampliar

face

faced

encarar

fail

failed

reprobar

fall

fell

caer

fasten

fastened

ajustarse

feed

fed

alimentar

feel

felt

sentir

fight

fought

pelear

fill

filled

llenar / rellenar

find

found

encontrar

finish

finished

acabar / terminar

fit

fit

quedar (de ropa)

fly

flew

volar

fold

folded

doblar

follow

followed

seguir

force

forced

forzar

forget

forgot

olvidar

forgive

forgave

olvidar

form

formed

formar

gain

gained

adquirir / conseguir

get

got

obtener / comprar /
llevar

give

gave

dar

go

went

ir

grow

grew

crecer

handle

handled

manejar

happen

happened

suceder

hate

hated

odiar / detestar

have

had

tener

head

headed

dirigirse

hear

heard

oir

help

helped

ayudar

hide

hid

ocultar

hit

hit

golpear

hold

held

agrarrar / coger

hope

hope

esperar

hurt

hurt

herir

identify

identified

identificar

imagine

imagined

imaginar

improve

improved

mejorar

include

included

incluir

increase

increased

incremetar

indicate

indicated

indicar

influence

influenced

infuenciar

inform

informed

informar

intend

intended

tener la intencin

introduce

introduced

introducir

invite

invited

invitar

involve

involved

encolver

join

joined

unir / unirse

jump

jumped

saltar

keep

kept

quedarse con

kick

kicked

patear

kill

killed

matar

knock

knocked

tocar (la puerta)

know

knew

saber / conocer

last

lasted

durar

laugh

laughed

reir

lay

laid

echarse

lead

led

dirigir

learn

learned / learnt aprender

leave

left

dejar / irse de

lend

lent

prestar

let

let

dejar

lie

lied

mentir

like

liked

gustar

limit

limited

limitar

link

linked

unir / relacionar

listen

listened

oir

live

lived

vivir

look

looked

mirar

lose

lost

perder

love

loved

amar

make

made

hacer

manage

managed

administrar

mark

marked

marcar

matter

mattered

importar

may

may have +
past participle

quizas

mean

meant

significar / querer decir

measure

measured

medir

meet

met

conocer / encontrase
con alguien

mention

mentioned

mencionar

mind

minded

tener en cuenta

miss

missed

extraar / perder (un


bus)

move

moved

mover

need

needed

necesitar

notice

noticed

notar

obtain

obtained

obtener

occur

occured

ocurrir

offer

offered

ofrecer

open

openned

abrir

order

ordered

ordenar

own

owned

tener (de propiedad)

pass

past

pasar

pay

paid

pagar

perform

performed

rendir / realizar

pick

pick

escoger / elegir

place

placed

colocar

plan

planned

planear

play

played

jugar

point

pointed

apuntar

prefer

preferred

preferir

prepare

prepared

preparar

present

presented

presentar

press

pressed

presionar

prevent

prevented

prevenir

produce

produced

producir

promise

promised

prometer

protect

protected

proteger

prove

proved

probar

provide

provided

proveer

publish

published

publicar

pull

pulled

jalar

push

pushed

empujar

put

put

colocar / poner

raise

raised

levantar

reach

reached

alcanzar

read

read

leer

realize

realized

darse cuenta

receive

recieved

recibir

recognize

recognized

reconocer

record

recorded

grabar

reduce

reduced

reducir

refer

referred

referir

reflect

reflected

reflexionar / reflejar

refuse

refused

rechazar

regard

regarded

considerar

relate

related

estar relacionado

release

released

soltar / liberar

remain

remained

permanecer

remember

remembered

recordar

remove

removed

remover

repeat

repeated

repetir

replace

replaced

reemplazar

reply

replied

responder

report

reported

reportar

represent

represented

representar

require

required

requerir

rest

rested

descansar

result

resulted

resultar

return

returned

retorner / regresar

reveal

revealed

revelar

ring

rang

sonar

rise

rose

levantar

roll

rolled

enrollar

run

ran

correr

save

saved

guardar

say

said

decir

see

saw

ver

seem

seemed

parecer

sell

sold

vender

send

sent

mandar

separate

separated

separar

serve

served

servir

set

set

poner / colocar

settle

settled

establecerse / saldarse

shake

shook

sacudir / estrechar la
mano

share

shared

compartir

shoot

shot

disparar

should

should have

deberia

shout

shouted

gritar

show

showed

mostrar

shut

shut

cerrar

sing

sang

cantar

sit

sat

sentarse

sleep

slept

dormir

smile

smiled

sonreir

sort

sorted

ordenar / clasificar

sound

sounded

sonar

speak

spoke

hablar

stand

stood

pararse

start

started

comenzar

state

stated

afirmar

stay

stayed

quedarse / permanecer

stick

sticked

pegar

stop

stopped

parar / detener

study

studied

estudiar

succeed

succeeded

tener exito

suffer

suffered

sufrir

suggest

suggested

sugerir

suit

suited

quedar / venirle bien

supply

supplied

suministrar

support

supported

mantener

suppose

supposed

suponer

survive

survived

sobrevivir

take

took

tomar / llevar

talk

talked

hablar

teach

taught

ensear

tell

told

decir

tend

tended

tener tendencia

test

tested

probar

thank

thanked

agradecer

think

thought

creer

throw

threw

tirar

to be used to

was/were used estar acostombrado a


to

touch

touched

tocar

train

trained

entrenar

travel

travelled

viajar

treat

treated

tratar

try

tried

intentar

turn

turned

voltear

understand

understood

entender

use

used

usar

visit

visited

visitar

vote

voted

votar

wait

waited

esperar

walk

walked

caminar

want

wanted

querer / desear

warn

warned

advertir

wash

washed

lavar

watch

watched

ver

wear

wore

llevar puesto

win

won

ganar

wish

wished

desear

wonder

wondered

preguntarse

work

worked

trabajar

worry

worried

preocupar

write

wrote

escribir

Vocabulario Acadmico en INGLES Lista de 352 palabras


Un estudio a fondo de diversos libros de texto, tareas, normas de contenido
temtico, y exmenes se obtiene la siguiente lista de palabras.
ENGLISH

ESPAOL

1. abbreviate

1. abreviar

2. abstract

2. abstracto

3. according

3. conforme

4. acronym

4. siglas

5. address

5. direccin

6. affect

6. afectar

7. alter

7. alterar

8. always

8. siempre

9. analogy

9. analoga

10. analysis

10. anlisis

11. analyze

11. analizar

12. annotate

12. anotar

13. anticipate

13. anticiparse

14. application

14. aplicacin

15. apply

15. aplicar

16. approach

16. enfoque

17. appropriate

17. apropiado

18. approximate

18. aproximado

19. argue

19. argumentar

20. argument

20. argumento

21. arrange

21. organizar

22. articulate

22. articular

23. aspects

23. aspectos

24. assemble

24. montar

25. assert

25. afirmar

26. assess

26. evaluar

27. associate

27. asociar

28. assume

28. asumir

29. assumption

29. asuncin

30. audience

30. audiencia

31. authentic

31. autntico

32. background

32. fondo

33. body

33. cuerpo

34. brainstorm

34. idea genial

35. brief

35. breve

36. calculate

36. calcular

37. caption

37. ttulo

38. category

38. categora

39. cause

39. causar

40. character

40. carcter

41. characteristic

41. caracterstica

42. characterize

42. caracterizar

43. chart

43. trazar

44. chronology

44. cronologa

45. citation

45. citacin

46. cite

46. citar

47. claim

47. reclamar

48. clarify

48. aclarar

49. class

49. clase

50. clue

50. pista

51. code

51. cdigo

52. coherent

52. coherente

53. common

53. comn

54. compare

54. comparar

55. compile

55. compilar

56. complement

56. complementar

57. complete

57. completar

58. compose

58. componer

59. composition

59. composicin

60. conceive

60. concebir

61. concise

61. conciso

62. conclude

62. concluir

63. conclusion

63. conclusin

64. concrete

64. hormign

65. conditions

65. condiciones

66. conduct

66. conducir

67. confirm

67. confirmar

68. consequence

68. consecuencia

69. consider

69. considerar

70. consist

70. consistir

71. consistent

71. consistente

72. consistently

72. consecuentemente

73. constant

73. constante

74. constitutes

74. constituye

75. consult

75. consultar

76. contend

76. contender

77. context

77. contexto

78. continuum

78. continuum

79. contradict

79. contradecir

80. control

80. controlar

81. convert

81. convertir

82. convey

82. transmitir

83. copy

83. copiar

84. correlate

84. correlacin

85. correspond

85. corresponder

86. credible

86. creble

87. credit

87. crdito

88. criteria

88. criterios

89. critique

89. crtica

90. crucial

90. crucial

91. cumulative

91. acumulativo

92. debate

92. debate

93. deduce

93. deducir

94. defend

94. defender

95. define

95. definir

96. demand

96. demanda

97. demonstrate

97. demostrar

98. depict

98. representar

99. derive

99. derivar

100. describe

100. describir

101. detail

101. detalle

102. detect

102. detectar

103. determine

103. determinar

104. develop

104. desarrollar

105. devise

105. idear

106. diction

106. diccin

107. differentiate

107. diferenciar

108. dimension

108. dimensin

109. diminish

109. disminuir

110. direct

110. dirigir

111. discipline

111. disciplina

112. discover

112. descubrir

113. discriminate

113. discriminar

114. discuss

114. discutir

115. distinguish

115. distinguir

116. domain

116. dominio

117. draft

117. borrador

118. draw

118. dibujar

119. edit

119. editar

120. effect

120. efecto

121. elements

121. elementos

122. emphasize

122. enfatizar

123. employ

123. emplear

124. equal

124. igual

125. equivalent

125. equivalente

126. essay

126. ensayo

127. essential

127. esencial

128. establish

128. establecer

129. estimate

129. estimar

130. evaluate

130. evaluar

131. event

131. evento

132. evidence

132. evidencia

133. exaggerate

133. exagerar

134. examine

134. examinar

135. example

135. ejemplo

136. excerpt

136. extracto

137. exclude

137. excluir

138. exercise

138. ejercer

139. exhibit

139. exhibir

140. explain

140. explicar

141. explore

141. explorar

142. expository

142. expositivo

143. extract

143. extraer

144. fact

144. hecho

145. factor

145. factor

146. feature

146. caracterstica

147. figurative

147. figurativo

148. figure

148. calcular

149. focus

149. enfocar

150. footer

150. pie de pgina

151. foreshadow

151. prefigurar

152. form

152. formulario

153. format

153. formato

154. former

154. ex

155. formulate

155. formular

156. fragment

156. fragmento

157. frame

157. marco

158. frequently

158. frecuentemente

159. general

159. general

160. genre

160. gnero

161. graph

161. grfico

162. graphic

162. grfico

163. header

163. encabezamiento

164. heading

164. ttulo

165. highlight

165. destacar

166. hypothesize

166. hipotetizar

167. identify

167. identificar

168. illustrate

168. ilustrar

169. imitate

169. imitar

170. imply

170. implicar

171. inclined

171. inclinado

172. include

172. incluir

173. incorporate

173. incorporar

174. indicate

174. indicar

175. indirect

175. indirecto

176. infer

176. inferir

177. influence

177. influir

178. inform

178. informar

179. inquire

179. preguntar

180. instructions

180. instrucciones

181. integrate

181. integrar

182. intent

182. intencin

183. intention

183. intencin

184. interact

184. obrar recprocamente

185. intermittent

185. intermitente

186. interpret

186. interpretar

187. introduce

187. introducir

188. introduction

188. introduccin

189. invariably

189. invariablemente

190. investigate

190. investigar

191. involve

191. involucrar

192. irony

192. irona

193. irrelevant

193. irrelevante

194. isolate

194. aislar

195. italics

195. cursiva

196. judge

196. juez

197. key

197. clave

198. label

198. etiqueta

199. likely

199. probable

200. list

200. lista

201. literal

201. literal

202. locate

202. localizar

203. logical

203. lgico

204. main

204. principal

205. margin

205. margen

206. mean

206. significar

207. measure

207. medir

208. metaphor

208. metfora

209. method

209. mtodo

210. model

210. modelo

211. modify

211. modificar

212. monitor

212. controlar

213. motivation

213. motivacin

214. narrative

214. narrativa

215. narrator

215. narrador

216. never

216. nunca

217. notation

217. notacin

218. note

218. nota

219. notice

219. nota

220. objective

220. objetivo

221. observe

221. observar

222. occur

222. ocurrir

223. opinion

223. opinin

224. oppose

224. oponerse a

225. optional

225. opcional

226. order

226. orden

227. organize

227. organizar

228. origins

228. orgenes

229. outline

229. perfilar

230. pace

230. paso

231. paraphrase

231. parafrasear

232. participation

232. participacin

233. passage

233. pasaje

234. pattern

234. patrn

235. perform

235. realizar

236. perspective

236. perspectiva

237. persuade

237. persuadir

238. place

238. lugar

239. plagiarism

239. plagio

240. plan

240. plan

241. plausible

241. plausible

242. plot

242. parcela

243. point

243. punto

244. point of view

244. punto de vista

245. portray

245. retratar

246. possible

246. posible

247. preclude

247. excluir

248. predict

248. predecir

249. prefix

249. prefijo

250. prepare

250. preparar

251. presume

251. presumir

252. preview

252. avance

253. previous

253. anterior

254. primary

254. primario

255. prior

255. anterior

256. probably

256. probablemente

257. procedure

257. procedimiento

258. process

258. proceso

259. produce

259. producir

260. profile

260. perfil

261. project

261. proyecto

262. prompt

262. pronto

263. proofread

263. corregir

264. property

264. propiedad

265. propose

265. proponer

266. prose

266. prosa

267. prove

267. demostrar

268. purpose

268. propsito

269. quotation

269. cita

270. quote

270. citar

271. rank

271. clasificar

272. rare

272. raro

273. rarely

273. rara vez

274. reaction

274. reaccin

275. recall

275. recordar

276. reduce

276. reducir

277. refer

277. remitir

278. reflect

278. reflejar

279. regular

279. regular

280. relate

280. relacionar

281. relationship

281. relacin

282. relevant

282. pertinente

283. rephrase

283. reformular

284. report

284. reportar

285. represent

285. representar

286. representative

286. representante

287. request

287. solicitar

288. require

288. exigir

289. requisite

289. requisito

290. respond

290. responder

291. responsible

291. responsable

292. restate

292. reafirmar

293. results

293. resultados

294. reveal

294. revelar

295. review

295. revisar

296. revise

296. revisar

297. root

297. raz

298. rule

298. gobernar

299. scan

299. escanear

300. score

300. puntuacin

301. sequence

301. secuencia

302. series

302. serie

303. set

303. establecer

304. setting

304. ajuste

305. show

305. mostrar

306. signal

306. seal

307. significance

307. significado

308. simile

308. smil

309. skim

309. desnatar

310. solve

310. resolver

311. source

311. fuente

312. spatial

312. espacial

313. specific

313. especfico

314. speculate

314. especular

315. stance

315. postura

316. standard

316. estndar

317. state

317. estado

318. statement

318. declaracin

319. strategy

319. estrategia

320. structure

320. estructura

321. study

321. estudiar

322. style

322. estilo

323. subject

323. sujeto

324. subjective

324. subjetivo

325. subsequent

325. posterior

326. substitute

326. sustituir

327. succinct

327. sucinto

328. suggest

328. sugerir

329. sum

329. suma

330. summarize

330. resumir

331. summary

331. resumen

332. support

332. apoyar

333. survey

333. estudio

334. symbolize

334. simbolizar

335. synonym

335. sinnimo

336. synthesize

336. sintetizar

337. table

337. mesa

338. technique

338. tcnica

339. term

339. plazo

340. test

340. prueba

341. theme

341. tema

342. thesis

342. tesis

343. timeline

343. lnea de tiempo

344. tone

344. tono

345. topic

345. tema

346. trace

346. rastrear

347. trait

347. rasgo

348. transition

348. transicin

349. translate

349. traducir

350. typically

350. tpicamente

351. unique

351. nico

352. utilize

352. utilizar

ENGLISH

ESPAOL

1.

other

1. Otro

2.

new

2. Nuevo

3.

good

3. Bueno / bien

4.

high

4. Alto

5.

old

5. Viejo

6.

great

6. Gran / genial

7.

big

7. Grande

8.

American

8. Americano

9.

small

9. Pequeo

10. large

10. Grande

11. national

11. Nacional

12. young

12. Joven

13. different

13. Diferente

14. black

14. Negro

15. long

15. Largo

16. little

16. chico / Poco

17. important

17. Importante

18. political

18. Poltico

19. bad

19. Malo

20. white

20. Blanco

21. real

21. Real

22. best

22. Mejor

23. right

23. Derecha

24. social

24. Social

25. only

25. Solo / solamente

26. public

26. Pblico

27. sure

27. seguro

28. low

28. Bajo

29. early

29. Temprano

30. able

30. Capaz

31. human

31. Humano

32. local

32. Local

33. late

33. tarde

34. hard

34. Duro / dificil

35. major

35. Importante /
mayor

36. better

36. Mejor

37. economic

37. Econmico

38. strong

38. Fuerte

39. possible

39. Posible

40. whole

40. completo / entero

41. free

41. Libre

42. military

42. Militar

43. true

43. Verdadero

44. federal

44. Federal

45. international 45. Internacional


46. full

46. Completo / lleno

47. special

47. Especial

48. easy

48. Fcil

49. clear

49. Borrar

50. recent

50. Reciente

51. certain

51. Cierta

52. personal

52. Personal

53. open

53. Abierto

54. red

54. Rojo

55. difficult

55. Difcil

56. available

56. Disponible

57. likely

57. Probable

58. short

58. Corto

59. single

59. soltero

60. medical

60. Mdico

61. current

61. Actual

62. wrong

62. incorrecto

63. private

63. Privado

64. past

64. Pasado

65. foreign

65. Extranjero

66. fine

66. Bien

67. common

67. Comn

68. poor

68. Pobre

69. natural

69. Natural

70. significant

70. Significativa

71. similar

71. Similar

72. hot

72. Caliente

73. dead

73. Muerto

74. central

74. Central

75. happy

75. Feliz

76. serious

76. Grave

77. ready

77. Listo

78. simple

78. Sencillo / simple

79. left

79. Izquierda

80. physical

80. Fsico

81. general

81. En general

82. environmental82. Ambiental


83. financial

83. Financiero

84. blue

84. Azul

85. democratic

85. Democrtica

86. dark

86. Oscuro

87. various

87. Varios

88. entire

88. Todo / entero

89. close

89. Cerca

90. legal

90. Legal

91. religious

91. Religioso

92. cold

92. Fro

93. final

93. final

94. main

94. Principal

95. green

95. Verde

96. nice

96. Agradable

97. huge

97. Enorme

98. popular

98. Popular

99. traditional

99. Tradicional

100. cultural

100. Cultural

Lista de ADEJETIVOS mas PREPOSICIONES adjetivos compuestos

NOTA: Las traducciones al espaol son solo de referencia. Muchas veces la


traduccin varia de acuerdo al contexto asi que lo mejor es aprender en
ingls sin depender de la traduccin.
ENGLISH

SPANISH

accustomed to

acostumbrados a

accused of

acusado de

acquainted with

SE USA PARA DECIR QUE


ALGUIEN ES CONOCIDO

addicted to

adicto a

annoyed about/with/at

molesto por / con / en

allergic to

alrgico a

Amazed at/by

sorprendido por

anxious about

preocupados por

appreciated for

apreciado por

ashamed of

avergonzado de

associated with

asociado con

astonished at/by

asombrado de / por

aware of

consciente de

angry with

enojado con

afraid of

miedo de

attached to

unido a

bad at

malo

based on

basado en

beneficial to

beneficioso

boastful for

jactancioso for

bored with

aburrido por o con

brilliant at

brillante en

busy with

ocupado con

capable of

capaz de

careful with/about/of

cuidadoso con / sobre / de

certain about

seguro de

characteristic of

caracterstico de

clever at

inteligente en

connected with

conectado con

conscious of

consciente de

content with

contenido con

crazy about

loco por

crowded with

lleno de

curious about

curiosidad por

dissatisfied with

insatisfechos con

doubtful about

dudas sobre

delighted at/about

encantado con / sobre

derived from

derivados de

different from

diferente de

disappointed with

decepcionado con

eager for

vido de

eligible for

elegible para

enthusiastic about

entusiasmo

excellent in/at

excelente en

excited about

entusiasmados

experienced in

experimentado en

exposed to

expuesto a

envious of

envidioso de

faithful to

fiel a

familiar with

familiarizado con

famous for

famoso por

fed up with

harto de

free of/from

libre de

frightened of

miedo de

friendly with

amigable con

fond of

aficionado de

furious about

furioso por

furnished with

amueblado con

full of

lleno de

generous with/about

generoso con

guilty of/about

culpable de

gentle with

suave con

good at

bueno en

grateful to

Agradecido por

happy about

feliz por

hopeful of/about

esperanza de / sobre

identical with/to

idntica a

immune to

inmune a

impressed with

impresionado con

inferior to

inferior a

indifferent to

indiferente a

innocent of

inocente de

interested in

interesado en

involved with

involucrado con

incapable of

incapaz de

jealous of

celoso de

kind to

amable en

keen on

interesados en

late for

tarde por

limited to

limitado

lucky at

SE REFIERE A TENER SUERTE

nervous of/about

nervioso de / sobre

notorious for

conocido por

opposed to

opuesto a

patient with

paciente con

pessimistic about

pesimistas sobre

pleased with

satisfecho con

polite to

corts en

popular with

popular con

presented with

presentado con

proud of

orgulloso de

punished for

castigado por

puzzled by/about

desconcertados por / sobre

qualified for

calificado para

ready for

listo para

related to

relacionado con

relevant to

pertinente a

respectful for

respetuoso para

responsible for

responsable de

rid of

deshacerse de

sad about

triste por algo

safe from

a salvo de

satisfied with

satisfecho con

scared of

miedo

sensitive to

sensible a

serious about

en serio

sick of

enfermos de

similar to

similar a

shocked by

conmocionado por

skilful at

hbil en

slow at

lento en

sorry for/about

lo siento por / sobre

successful in

exitoso en

suitable for

propicio

sure f/about

Seguro de / sobre

superior to

superior a

surprised at

sorprendido por

suspicious of

sospechoso de

sympathetic with
T

terrible at

terrible en

terrified of

aterrorizado de

tired of

cansado de

thankful to/for
trilled

agradecido a / por

with

troubled with

preocupado con

typical of

tpico de

unaware of

NO TENER CONOCIMIENTO
DE ALGO

upset about

molesto por

be used to

acostumbrado a

wrong with/about

mal con / sobre

worried about

preocupado por

Phonetics and pronunciation

PH
F ( Phopeties)
OU
AU ( Loud, about)
OA
OU (oats, coat)
EE
i (theeth, feet)
OO
U ((moon, tooth) exc: blood
APE./ATE,ACHE.
Eip/eit/eik
OT/OP/ON/
OT/OP/ON (POT,TOP,ON)
OTE/OPE
out/oup (note, open)
OW
ou (owner,own) exc: cow
COAL
COLE
COUL
That/ the/
DHA/DHE (that, the, there)
THI/THU-THI/THU (THIN.THUNDER) EXC

English

Spanish

adjoining rooms

habitaciones contiguas

amenities.

instalaciones locales
tales como
tiendas y restaurantes

attractions

atracciones

baggage

equipaje

Bed and Breakfast

una casa que ofrece un


lugar
donde alojarse y un lugar
para comer

bellboy

botones

book

registrar (book a room)

brochures

folletos

check-in

ingreso o registro

check-out

salida

complimentary
breakfast

desayuno gratuito

cot, rollaway bed

cuna, cama supletoria

damage charge

cargo de los daos en el


hotel

deposit

depsito

double bed

cama doble

double beds.

camas dobles.

floor

piso

front desk, reception

recepcin, recepcin

guest

invitado

hostel

albergue, hostal

hotel manager

director del hotel

housekeeping, maid

limpieza, limpieza

ice machine

mquina de hielo

indoor pool

piscina cubierta

inn

posada

Jacuzzi, baera de
Jacuzzi, hot tub, whirl
hidromasaje, piscina de
pool
hidromasaje
king-size bed

cama king-size

kitchenette

cocina pequea

late charge

costo por permanecer


ms all de la hora de
salida

linen

sbanas, mantas,
almohadas
casos

lobby

lobby

luggage cart

carretilla para equipaje

maximum capacity

mxima capacidad

motels

alojamientos que son


ms baratos que los
hoteles

parking pass

pase de estacionamiento

pay-per-view

costo adicional para


pelculas y
caractersticas especiales
de televisin

pillow case

cobertor de almohada

queen size bed

cama queen size

rate

tarifa

reservation

reserva

room service

servicio en la habitacin

noun

sustantivo

sauna

sauna

single bed

cama individual

sofa bed, pull-out


couch

sof-cama

towels

toallas

vacancy

vacante

valet

personal que se encarga


del estacionamiento de
los vehculos de los

clientes
vending machine

mquina expendedora

view

vista

wake up call

luna llamada telefnica


por la maana de
recepcin que acta como
despertador

weight room, workout sala de pesas, sala de


room, gym
entrenamiento, gimnasio

Phrasal verbs comunes en ingls que deberan


saber
1) CHECK IN
a) mostrar su boleto en el aeropuerto para poder registrarse y subir sus
maletas al avin.
Examples of use:
I have to check in at 9 oclock.
As soon as you get to the airport dont forget to check in
b) check in(or check into something) tamben se usa cuando llegamos a un
hotel y pedimos nuestra llave mostrando nuestros documentos para que
registre nuestra entrada.
Examples of use:
Elena has already checked in the hotel. We is in room 213.
Please check in and then we can go to have dinner.
Wheres Juan? Hes checking in and collecting his room keys.
2) CHEER UP
alegrarse, empezar a sentirse feliz o hacer que otro empieze a ponerse de

mejor humor.

Examples of use:
Terry looks sad. We have to cheer him up.
Cheer up man. Life goes on.
3) GIVE UP
a) Parar de hacer algo que usualmente te hace mal. (por ejemplo alcohol, el
cigarillo, comer comida chatarra) o parar de hacer algo que te esta
resultando muy dificil de seguir.
Examples of use:
Nancy had to give up smoking two years ago.
I am on a diet so I am going to give up eating pasta.
I gave up learning Chinese because it was to difficult.

b) rendirse
Examples of use:
They gave up because the enemy had invaded their base.
I do not remember the answer to the question. I give up.
4) LOOK AFTER
Cuidar de alguien para mantenerlo saludable y en buena condicin. Take
care of tiene un mismo significado.
Examples of use:
Gabriela looks after his grandfather very well.
I have to go to the mall. Can you look after my son for a while?
5) LOOK UP (SOMEBODY)
Localizar o ubicar a alguien que no has visto por mucho tiempo.
Examples of use:
If you ever come to Peru dont forget to look me up.
Last year I went to Chile and I looked up an old friend.
6) LOOK UP (SOMETHING)
intentar encontrar informacion en libros, diccionarios, enciclopedias,
tesauros, archivos fsicos o usando la computadora
Examples of use:
I am looking up information for my presentation
I do not understand the meaning of that word. I will look it up.
7) MAKE (SOMETHING) UP
Inventar una historia o escusa.
Examples of use:
Juan had to make up an excuse for not turning in his homework to the
teacher so he made up a story.
I cannot believe it. The newspaper reporter made up the information
about the accident.
8) PUT OFF
Posponer algo o a alguien. Decidir a hacer algo despues.

Examples of use:
We were going to meet with the manager but we had put it of
Can we put of the meeting, please? I am quite busy today.
9) TAKE UP
Empezar a hacer una actividad, trabajo o hobby etc.
Examples of use:
My father has taken up playing golf
Ive recently taken up photography.
He took up car collecting when he was a boy.
10) TURN UP
a)Usar un dispositivo electrinico para aumentar la fuerza de algo (Ejemplo,
volumen, energia)
Examples of use:
Can you turn the television up, please? I cant hear the news
It is very cold. We need to turn up the heat.
b) Cuando alguien o algo aparece de pronto en un lugar.
Examples of use:
We have to leave. Has John turned up yet?
It is raining. I hope the taxi turns up soon.

Errores comunes de sustantivos


sin forma plural
A continuacin les ofrecemos una lista de errores comunes cometidos con
sustantivos que no tienen forma plural en ingls. Estos sustantivos tambin
son llamados no contables.
1) Advice, y nunca Advices : consejo/consejos
Paul is a great friend and he always give me good advice.
2) Information, y nunca Informations: Informacin
I need some help. Can you give me any information?
3) Furniture, y nunca Furnitures : mueble/muebles
I am moving to Los Angeles next week. Can you help me with some
furniture?
4) Luggage / Baggage, y nunca Luggages o
baggages: Equipaje/equipajes Maleta/maletas
To check in it is necessary to weigh all your luggage.
5) Damage, y nunca Damages : daos/daos
The earthquake has caused a lot of damage in our house.
6) Work, y nunca Works: trabajo
I am staying up late because I have a lot of work.

7) Hair, y nunca Hairs : cabello/cabellos


I think I am losing hair. I found some in the shower.
8) Fish, y nunca Fishes: Pez/Pescado
When I went to the lake there were many fish swimming under our boat.
9) Fruit, y nunca Fruits : fruta/frutas
I forgot to buy some fruit at the supermarket.
10) Luggage / Baggage, y nunca Luggages o
baggages: Equipaje/equipajes Maleta/maletas
To check in it is necessary to weigh all your luggage.
11) Sheep, y nunca Sheeps : oveja/ovejas
When I went to the mountains I saw many sheep.
12) Knowledge, y nunca Knowledges: conocimiento
The teacher has knowledge about English because of his experience and
education.
13) News, : noticia/noticias
Did you hear any news regarding your university application?
12) Knowledge, y nunca Knowledges: conocimiento
The teacher has knowledge about English because of his experience and
education.
14) People, : gente
There were so many people in the concert that they had to cancel it.
15) Clothes, ropa
The washing machine was not working so we had to send our clothes to
the laundromat.

Lista de errores comunes cuando usamos


palabras ms preposiciones

En InglesTotal ofrecemos siempre listas de errores comunes ya que


intentamos hacer que el alumno se de cuenta que muchas veces las
traducciones nos llevan a cometer errores. En esta oportunidad les
entregamos la parte 1 de errores comunes cuando usamos una palabra
seguida por una preposicin. En los ejemplos la mayora de casos son
verbos ms preposiciones (phrasal verbs) pero tamben hay ejemplos de
adjetivos y sustantivos seguidos por preposiciones. Les invito a que repasen
la lista para que puedan aprender estas frases que les van a servir para
comunicarse y para que vean si muchas veces han cometido errores usando
estas palabras mas preposiciones en ingls.
1) Absorbed in, y no Abosrbed at : Estar absorbido en algo (muy
intesado)
My cousing was absorbed in her work and neglected her children.
2) Accuse of, y no Accused from/for: Acusar de o por algo
The policeman accused the man of robbing the old woman .

3) Afraid of, y no Afraid from : estar asustado de algo


I am afraid of big dogs.
Harry is afraid of speaking in public. (recuerden que si usan un verbo
despues de una preposicin, se usa la forma -ing)
4) Anxious about, y no Anxious for : estar ansioso de algo
He is very anxious about his test results.
5) Ashamed of, y no Ashamed from : estar avergonzado de algo
Bill was ashamed of his sons behaviour.
6) Believe in, y no Believe to : Creer en algo
Do you believe in God?
I never believe in men.
7) Travel by (train), y no Travel in (train) : viajar en algun medio de
transporte / siempre utilizar by.
When I go to study, I always travel (go) by bus.
8) Complain about, y no Complain of/from: quejarse de algo
My sister complained about the poor quality of rooms at the hotel we
stayed in.
9) Composed of, y no Composed from: compuesto de
The class is composed of 45 students.
10) Congratulate on, y no Congratulate for: felicitar por algo
Jim was congratulated on obtaining his masters degree at Oxford
University.
11) Consist of,y no Consist from: consistir de algo
The student book consists of 9 units..
12) Covered with, y no Covered by/for: cubierto por
Maria woke up in the morning and the ground was covered with snow.
13) Cure of, y no Cure from: curado de algo
Dont say: The man was cured from his illness.
14) Depend on / upon, y no Depend of/from: depender de
Dont say: It depends from her.
15) Deprive of, y no Deprive of/from: privar de algo/alguien
Jim was deprived of travelling abroad.
16) Die of an illness, y no Die from an illness: morir de una enfermedad.
The whole twon was sad becuase the mayor had died of an illness.
17) Diferent from, y no Diferent than: diferente a
My backback is a bit different from yours..
18) Exception to, y no Exception of: excepcin a
That grammar example is an exception to the rule
19) Exchange for, y no Exchange by: intercambiar algo por
He exchanged his collection of toy cars for a skateboard.

20) Get rid of, y no Get rid from/of: deshacerse de


That old sofa looks horrible. I want to get rid of it as soon as I can

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