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Sector

:

CONSTRUCTION/ELECTRICAL

Qualification Title: ELECTRICAL INSTALLATION AND
MAINTENANCE
Unit of Competency: Install Electrical Protection System Lighting
And Grounding

Module Title: Installing Electrical Protection System Lighting And
Grounding
Technical Education & Skills Development Authority
INSTITUTE OF CONVERGENCE TECHNOLOGY
Buug, Zamboanga Sibugay

Plan
Training
Session

NATIONAL CERTIFIFCATE LEVEL II
QUALIFICATION LEVEL

COMPETENCY BASED LEARNING MATERIALS

NO.

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

Unit of Competency
Prepare electrical power
and hydraulic tools
Perform roughing-in
activities for
communication and
distribution systems

Install wiring devices for
floor and ground fault
current interrupting
outlets
Install electrical
protection system
lighting and grounding

Install electrical lighting
systems on auxiliary
outlets and lighting
fixtures

Module Title
Preparing electrical
power and
hydraulic tools
Performing
roughing-in
activities for
communication and
distribution
systems
Installing wiring
devices for floor
and ground fault
current
interrupting outlets
Installing
electrical
protection system
lighting and
grounding
Installing electrical
lighting systems on
auxiliary outlets
and lighting
fixtures

Code

CON724308

CON724309

CON724310

CON72431
1

CON724312

How to Use this Competency-Based Learning Material
Welcome to the module in installing electrical protection
system for lighting and grounding. This module contains training
materials and activities for you to complete.
The unit of competency “Install electrical protection system
for lighting and grounding” contains knowledge, skills and attitudes
required for Electrical Installation and Maintenance NC II. It is one
of the specialized modules at National Certificates Level (NC II).
You are required to go through a series of learning activities in
order to complete each learning outcome of the module. In each
learning outcome are Information Sheets and Resources Sheets
(Reference Materials for further reading to help you better understand
the required activities). Follow these activities on your own and answer
the self-check at the end of each learning outcome. You may remove a
blank answer sheet at the end of each module (or get one from your
facilitator/ trainer) to write your answers for each self-check. If you
have questions, don’t hesitate to ask you facilitator for assistance.
Recognition of Prior Learning (RPL)
You may already have some or most of the knowledge and skills
covered in this learner’s guide because of you have:
 been working for some time
 already completed training in this area
If you can demonstrate to your trainer that you are competent in
a particular skill or skills, talk to him/ her about having them
formally recognized so you don’t have to do the same training

again. If you have a qualification or Certificate of Competency from
previous trainings, show it to your trainer. If the skills you acquired
are still current and relevant to the unit/s of competency they may
become part of the evidence you can present for RPL. If you are not
sure about the currency of your skills, discuss this with your
trainer.
At the end of this module is a Learner’s Diary. Use this diary to
record important dates, jobs undertaken and other workplace events
that will assist you in providing further details to your trainer or
assessor. A Record of Achievement is also provided for your trainer
to complete once you complete the module.
This module was prepared to help you achieve competency, in
Install electrical protection system for lighting and grounding.
This will be the source of information for you to acquire knowledge
and skills in this particular trade independently and at your own
pace, with minimum supervision or help from your trainer.



Talk to your trainer and agree on how you will both organize the
Training unit. Read through the module carefully. It is divided
into sections, which cover all the skills, and knowledge you need
to successfully complete this module.
Work through all the information and complete the activities in
section. Read information sheets and complete the self-check.
Suggested references are included to supplement the materials
provided in this module.
Most probably your trainer will also by your supervisor or
manager. He/ she is there to support you and show you the
correct way to do things.
Your trainer will tell you about the important things you need to
consider when you are completing activities and it is important
that you listen and take notes.
You will be given plenty of opportunity to ask questions and
practice on the job. Make sure you practice your new skills
during regular work shifts. This way you will improve both your
speed and memory and also your confidence.
Talk to more experience workmates and ask for their guidance.
Use the self-check questions at the end of each section to test
your own progress.
When you are ready, ask your trainer to watch you perform the
activities outline in this module.

the results of your assessment will be recorded in our competency Achievement Record and Progress chart. When you have completed the institutional assessment. Your trainer keeps feedback/ pre-assessment reports for this reason. . When you have successfully completed each element.  As you work through the activities. ask for written feedback on your progress. ask your trainer to mark on the reports that you are ready for institutional assessment.

Plan and prepare work LO 2. It deals with installation of high/low voltage switch gear. Electrical protections systems are installed according to the latest edition of Philippine Electrical Code and National Electrical Code. earth leakage circuit breaker. equipment and PPE needed to install electrical protection system are identified. skills and Proper attitude in installing electrical protection system. Install electrical protection system ASSESSMENT CRITERIA: 1. Instructions for the preparation of the work activity are communicated and confirmed to ensure clear understanding 2. Tools. 5. NOMINAL DURATION : 30 hours LEARNING OUTCOME: At the completion of this module the trainees/student must be able to: LO 1. Electrical protection system are installed according to the job requirements . checked to ensure they work correctly as intended and are safe to use in accordance with established procedures 3.MODULE CONTENT UNIT OF COMPETENCY: MODULE TITLE PROTECTION INSTALL ELECTRICAL PROTECTION SYSTEM FOR LIGHTING AND GROUNDING : INSTALLING SYSTEM GROUNDING FOR ELECTRICAL LIGHTING AND MODULE DESCRIPTOR: This module covers the knowledge. Materials needed for work are obtained in accordance with established procedures 4. lighting protection and grounding system.

CONDITIONS: Student/trainees must be provided with the following:  Learning Materials  Learning elements METHODOLOGIES:  Demonstration  Discussion . PLAN AND PREPARE WORK CONTENT:  Planning and preparing work. Materials needed for work obtained in accordance with established procedure. LEARNING OUTCOME SUMMARY LO1. checked to ensure they work correctly as intended and are safe to use in accordance with established procedure. Tools. 2.6. Safety procedures in installing electrical protection system are strictly observed according OHS guidelines and procedures. 3. Instruction for the preparation of the work activity are communicated and confirmed to ensure clear understanding. 7. Tools/equipment and materials needed for the installation are prepared in line with job requirements. ASSESSMENT CRITERIA: 1. equipment and PPE needed to install electrical protection system are identified.

 Practical exercise  Laboratory exercise  Film viewing ASSESSMENT METHODS:  Demonstration  Direct observation and questioning .

If not read the information sheet again to answer all question correct. Read information sheet After reading information sheet 4. You are required to get all answer correct.LEARNING EXPERIENCES Learning Outcome #1: Plan and Prepare Work Learning Activities Special Instructions 1.1-1 2..14. you can now answer self-check 4. on installing electrical protection system.1-1 Compare answer with the answer key..1-1 1. After all doing the activity of this L.O. Answer self-check 4.O. . you now ready to proceed to the next L.

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1-1 Plan and prepare work in installing Electrical Protection System for Lighting and Grounding Objectives: At the end of this session. B. Tools Equipment PPEs Materials Identifying equipment needed in installing electrical protection system. principles and install electrical protection system needed with the job requirements. Cutting and griping tools - . it is important to prepare the following: A.INFORMATION SHEET 4. D. the trainee should be able to know the concept. Driving tools .Drivers are used to drill. C. Follow always safety guidelines in installing electrical protection system. After reading the technical drawing. Before you begin installing electrical protection you should have always obtains the technical drawing and be familiar of the items and definition used. nuts and bolts into surfaces with mechanical and manual force. insert and drive screws.

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. Pliers .Striking tools Circuit breaker .area hand tool used to hold objects firmly.is an electronic measuring instrument that combines several measurement functions in one unit.is a simple piece of electronic test equipment used to determine the presence or absence of an electric voltage in a piece of equipment under test.is an automatically operated electrical switch designed to protect an electrical circuit from damage caused by overload or short circuit. Multi-tester . Test light . possibly developed from tongs used to handle wires.

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Personal Protective Equipment must be check to unsure they work correctly as intended and safe to use. Electrical Gloves Safety Shoes .Clamp ammeter – use to measure electrical current.

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Hard hat The following materials are commonly used as protection in the electrical system Fuse Circuit Breaker High/Low voltage switcher gear Earth leakage circuit breaker .

. 2. To establish a neutral at zero potential not to be interrupted by switches or other devices. Reasons for Grounding the Circuit System 1. An establishment ground automatically becomes the reference for all voltage in system. To connect the service entrance to ground only at one point and to use colored wires for easy identification. 3. 4. 5. To prevent single grounds from being unnoticed or detected until a secondary line. Connecting to a buried ground plate.Grounding System Grounding and ground fault The Philippine Electrical Code PEC defines Ground as Zero Voltage. To prevent a sustained contact between the low voltage secondary line and the high voltage primary line in case of insulation fire. The purpose of grounding the circuit is to fix permanently a zero voltage point in the system. Connecting to a buried cold water main. Connecting to a ground rod. 3. 6. To facilitate in locating the ground faults. The grounded line of a circuit should not be broken nor focused to maintain a solid and interrupted connection to the ground. 2. Grounding Could be Accomplished by: 1. To protect against a short sudden rush of electric current in the circuit.

Use grounding electrodes that are UL listed or manufactured to meet the minimum requirements of Article 250-52 of the 1999 NEC. SHIELDING .EARTH GROUNDING It is the responsibility of the installer to connect all electronic irrigation equipment for which he is responsible to earth ground in accordance with Article 250 of the National Electrical Code (NEC.) Grounding components will include the items described in the following paragraphs. the NEC requires that all supplementary grounds be "bonded" to each other and to the service entrance ground (power source) as shown below. And for safety reasons. White and Green wires must always be kept together in a trench/conduit/tray/etc. at a minimum. the grounding circuit will include a copper clad steel ground rod. Note that this is in addition to the equipment ground. BONDING The above grounding circuit is referredto as "supplementary grounding" in the NEC. At the very minimum. This is also "recommended practice" of IEEE Standard 1100-1999." The Black. which is commonly referred-to as "the green wire. as defined below and per the following detail. a solid copper ground plate and 100 pounds of PowerSet earth contact material.

and when necessary to make bends. The conductor is laid in as straight a line as possible. This becomes a network of solid bare copper wire over all the main bundles of other wires and cables. It is not necessary to install this conductor over short wire runs (less than 150 feet) away from the main wire bundles. The bare copper wire is to be installed as close to the surface as possible. Parts of a Circuit Breaker . do so in a sweeping motion using the following detail as a guideline. And it must be placed above all other valve/power/communication wires and cables. per detail. One such network is necessary for each power source. Do not interconnect the equipment ground wires from different power source. Note: When connecting bare copper wires to the ground lug of electronic equipment. and installed in all trenches as shown on the electrical plan drawings. The shield network is to be connected to the service entrance earth ground. to all electronic equipment ground lugs.The bonding conductors are to be installed in such a way so that they also act as shielding conductors. yet being sufficiently below the ground level as to prevent damage from maintenance equipment such as aerators. and all equipment supplementary grounding electrodes. feed it through a dedicated 1 ½" plastic sweep ell to automatically meet the requirements of the “sweep bend" shown here.

2. Actuator lever – used to manually trip and reset the circuit breaker. Most breakers are designed so they can still trip even if the lever is held or locked in the “on” position. 6. 4. Solenoid 8. Arc divider/extinguisher The assumption that the two halves of DP breakers can serve as SP breakers proved to be very wrong. Bimetallic strip. Also indicates the status of the circuit breaker (On or Off/tripped). 7. We found this out the hard way when we had a total short in one of our circuits and the 20 amp breaker did not trip. It’s unknown which side may provide over current protection. Contacts – Allow current when touching and break the current when moved apart. breakers made to be used as single-pole provide both protections in a single breaker. 3. This is sometimes referred to as “free trip” or “positive trip” operation. The double-pole breakers are NOT just two single pole breakers physically joined. Actuator mechanism – forces the contacts together or apart. We found that only one side of our double pole breaker provide short circuit protection. as do double-pole . Presumably. but instead melted a #12 AWG We then tested the breakers on a test circuit. Calibration screw – allows the manufacturer to precisely adjust the trip current of the device after assembly. Terminals 5.INSIDE A CIRCUIT BREAKER (WIKIPEDIA) THIS IS A EUROPEAN DIN MOUNT B 1.

one pole of the breaker protects the load wire and one the neutral wire for each branch circuit. This must have been a huge overload. far beyond 20 amps. Since we had a plug-in type of panel box for which single-pole breakers are not available. as many local electricians do. Our electrical supply store only sells GE brand breakers. What a part of a panel boards/load center is to [provide protection of components and personnel? a. Gland plates 2. Enclosure . What a part of a panel boards/load center that provides space for listing which breaker provides service for each room are large appliance? a.1-1 1. We took out the link we had installed connecting the two panel box bus bars and bought new double-pole breakers. Knockout hole 3. I could not find these “X-suffix” breakers in the huge online GE breaker directory.breakers used as a unit. Now. Enclosure c. Enclosure c. the other bus was neutral. but did read elsewhere that the X designation is for “special purpose” applications. The GE breakers sold here are 240/415 volt rated. What a part of a panel boards/load center that allows the user to install conduit and cables? a. Knockout punch d. one of the buses was hot. When a double pole breaker is installed. Dead front handles b. Removable door d. Front plates b. we had no choice but to wire our plug-in style panel box. using double-pole breakers. Self-check 4. We decided we were not so smart after all. We used a specific GE double pole breaker which is sold and in almost universal use here – the TQL2415X or TQL2420X. Bottom plates b.

What are the function of fuses and circuit breakers in electrical circuits? a. Bi-metallic d. All of the above 5. D D D D D LEARNING OUTCOME SUMMARY LO2. Serves as protection of electrical loads and equipments c.c. Serves as protection of conductors b. Metallic bend b. What element used in a thermal trip of a circuit breaker? a. All of the above Answer key 4.2-1 1. Electrical protection systems are installed according to the latest edition of Philippine Electrical Code and National Electrical Code. . Circuit breaker d. Circuit directory 4. 2. 5. INSTALL ELECTRICAL PROTECTION SYSTEM CONTENTS:  PEC provisions and requirements on installing electrical protection system  Procedures in installing electrical protection system  Safety procedures in installing electrical protection system  Safety switch fuse cut-out  High/Low Voltage Switch Gear-HLVSG  Earth Leakage Circuit Breaker-ELCB  Conventional atmospheric lighting protection  Grounding system ASSESSMENT CRITERIA: 1. Temperature c. Serves as a current limiter to the circuit d. 4. 3.

2-2 Compare answer with the answer key.1-1. You are required to get all answer correct. 1 you can now answer self-check 4.2. Electrical protection systems are installed according to the job requirements. Latest Edition       METHODOLOGIES: Demonstration Discussion Practical exercises Laboratory exercises ASSESSMENT METHODS: Demonstration Direct observation and questioning LEARNING EXPERIENCES Learning Outcome #1: Install electrical protection system Learning Activities Special Instructions 1. 4.Tools/equipment and materials needed for the installation are prepared in line with job requirements. 3. CONDITIONS: Students/trainees must be provided with the following:  Tools and Equipment  Equipment o Lineman’s pliers o Wiring booth/ Simulated o Long nose pliers workplace/wiring booth o PPE o Diagonal cutting pliers o Set of screw driver  Learning Materials o Claw hammer o Learning elements o Hacksaw o Manuals o Measuring tools o Books and o Reamer o Philippine Electrical o Ladder Code/National Electrical Code.1-1 2. If not read the information .Safety procedures in installing electrical protection systems are strictly observed according to OHS guidelines and procedures. Answer self-check 4. Read information sheet 4.After reading information sheet 4.2.

you are now ready to proceed to the next module. After doing all the activity of this L. Present your work to your trainer for evaluation and recording. Perform job sheet 4.. Evaluate your own work using performance criteria. Perform job sheet 4. Present your work to your trainer for evaluation and recording. Ask your trainer for the assistance.2-1 4. .O. Evaluate your own work using performance criteria.2-2 sheet again to answer all question correct.3.

The cartridge type which is enclosed in an insulting fiber tube and 2. It is the simplest and most common type of circuit protective device used in most common house wiring installations. knife blade contacts: 200. 125. 400.INFORMATION SHEET 4. 110. 175.2-1 Installing Electrical Protection system for lighting and Grounding Learning Objective: After reading the information sheet. Fuse. 25 to 30 To ground 0 to 10 Cartridge type with ferrules single 35. Generally. 100. an over all current protective device with a circuit opening fusible element which opens (break) when there is an over current in the circuit. 15. 40. 300. 150 v. 250 and 600 volts . 350. Cartridge type. fuse consist of a link or write that easily melt at low temperature classified into two types: 1. 20. 250. the trainees will be able to install electrical protection system in accordance with the PEC and in line with the job requirements. 50 to 60 and dual element 250 and 600 volts 70. Breaker and Panel Board Fuse is defined as. 45. It is available in hundred design ratings and shapes but basically. 225. TABLE 3-3 FUSE RATING AND CONSTRUCTION Current Ratings Remarks 0 to 10 Plug fuse construction mas. 150. 450. The plug fuse type enclosed in a porcelain cap. 90. The fuse is a onetime protective device to e replaced after the fault is cleared. 80. the same in functions.

it also acts as circuit switch. so that. 2. in many cases.4000. installed on a single wire that could only protect a single electric line. 3000.500. 600 volts Circuit Breaker The circuit breaker is an over-current protective device designed to function as a switch. right at the . 2. it is again readily available for switch on. 600 800. the circuit breaker trips off automatically and after correcting the fault. Unlike the fuse that has to be discarded after it was busted due to an over current flow. Advantages of Circuit Breaker over the Fuse 1. a circuit breaker is equipped with an automatic tripping device to protect the branch circuit from overload and ground fault.5000. 4. or 3pole which will simultaneously protect and switch once to three lines. The fuse on the other hand. 1200. 2500. Circuit breaker can be manually tripped. Trip or Tripping refers to the cutting-off or disconnection of the current supply. 2000. 3. 1600. The circuit switch aside over current breaker act as from its being an protective device. is a single pole. The circuit easier to detect. tripped. Circuit breaker can be multiple pole installed with 1. or open breaker position is It could be closed. Basically. 1000. 6000 Cartridge type bolted knife blade contacts.

. the busted fuse could not be detected easily because the melted fusible element is inside the fuse casing. it also acts as the circuit switch. On the contrary. The circuit breaker can be manually tripped so that in many cases.handle. 5.

also some advantages circuit breaker as follows: 1. The fuse can stay on its position for ears and act when called on to act as designed. Circuit breakers has several moving parts which requires maintenance and periodic testing to be in good condition at all time. 3. 2.Advantages of the Fuse over the Circuit Breaker Despite the circuit the later has over the enumerated advantages of the breaker over the fuse. One major advantage of the fuse over the circuit breaker is its reliability and stability. To cost of the fuse is very much lower compared to that of the circuit breaker. TABLE 3-4 TYPICAL CHARACTERISTICS Frame Size Amperes * 50 100 225 400/600 800/1200 600 MOLDED CASE Trip Setting (Amp) 15 50 15 50 70 150 125 225 250 500 250 500 600 400 1200 20 20 70 90 175 150 300 300 30 40 30 40 90 100 100 125 200 225 175 200 350 350 800 1000 600 800 1600 400 400 1200 1000 CIRCUIT BREAKER Voltage Remarks 240 240 600 600 1-3 poles 1-3 poles 600 600 600 1-3 poles 600 2-3 poles 3 poles 1-3 poles 1-3 poles .

other than luminaries (Lighting Fixtures). Branch circuit Larger than 50 ampere. Utilization Equipment Fastened in Place. 2. or a combination of both. Cord and plug connected equipment not fastened in place. An individual branch circuit shall be permitted to supply any load for which it is rated. In other than dwelling units. 15 and 20 Ampere Branch circuit. or other utilization equipment.Maximum cord and plug connected load to receptacle Circuit rating Receptacle rating Maximum load (Amperes) (Amperes) (Amperes) 15 or 20 15 12 20 20 16 30 30 24 Permissible load In no case shall the load exceed the branch circuit ampere rating. such circuit shall be permitted to supply fixed lighting units with heavyduty lamp holders. d. are also supplied. The rating of any one cord and plug connected utilization equipment not fastened in place shall not exceed 80% of the branch circuit ampere rating. Circuit rating Size of wire Maximum load . cord and plug connected utilization equipment not fastened in place or both. c. A rating of any one cord and plug connected utilization equipment shall not exceed 80% of the branch circuit ampere rating. A 30 ampere branch circuit shall be permitted to supply fixed lighting units with heavy-duty lamp holders in other than a dwelling unit(s) or utilization equipment in any occupancy. and shall comply with: 1. b. Branch circuit larger than 50 ampere shall supply only non-lighting outlet load. 30 Ampere Branch circuit. A 15 and 20 Ampere branch circuit shall be permitted to supply lighting units or other utilization equipment. A 40 and 50 ampere branch circuit shall be permitted to supply cooking appliances that are fastened in place in any occupancy. infrared heating units. The total rating of utilization equipment in place. shall not exceed to 50% of the branch circuit ampere rating where lighting units. 40 and 50 ampere Branch Circuit. A branch circuit supplying two or more outlets or receptacles shall supply only the load specified according to its size and specified below: a.

Bolted type circuit breakers. Principle and operation of a Circuit Breaker Often the most intimidating part of electrical work. a bolted type is typically used. Plug in type circuit breaker. 2. These types have a metal tab (one for each phase) sticking out from one end that is bolted to the bus bar with a machine screw (bolt type fine threads and not sheet metal screw type steep pitch threads). and plate mounting methods once more commonly used. foot. When replacing these types of breakers. This allows replacement to be done quickly as the device can be unclipped and new one clipped on to the DIN rail. installation of a circuit breaker into most residential type electrical panels does not have to be dangerous. the retaining bolts or machine screw will have power on them unless power to the entire panel board has been removed. Here are some simple. The DIN rail mounting method is increasing replacing thru-bolt. a mounting rail is secured to the enclosure and the breaker is snapped onto the mounting rail. Din Rail type mounted circuit breakers With this method.5mm 16 2 5. Conductors for the supply and load are typically secured to the breaker using pressure connectors that are tightened by some type of threaded fastener. DIN rails are available in more than one physical size. The letters DIN stands for German Industry Standards.(Ampere) 15 20 30 Classifications/types of circuit method (mm2) (Amperes) 2 2.5mm 24 breakers according to mounting 1. Step in installing a circuit breaker: Step 1. Turn off power supply to the electrical panel . 3. When a longer service life breaker is wanted.0mm 12 2 3. step by step procedures to do it safely.

but the panel itself lacks provisions to mount a circuit breaker. Locate the Service Disconnect or Main circuit breaker in the panel. Inspect the circuit breaker arrangement for unused locations. Some manufacturers of electrical panels have removable knock outs or plates at these locations.Turn off power supply to the electrical panel. Step 3. Remove the electrical panel cover. Step 2. Pay particular attention to unused spaces at the top and bottom of the cover. Inspect the circuit breaker arrangement for unused locations. This circuit breaker is likely to be the largest value and located either at the top or bottom of the panel. and set to the "Off" position. .

below or between existing circuit breakers. Test the panel for power. Remove fasteners while a helper supports the cover. Use a tester or meter set to the highest AC voltage range (120 Volts minimum) available. then pull straight away from the panel. Locate an unused space above.or the bar that has just white or just bare or green wires connected). . Test the panel for power. Step 4. and check for the presence of power by touching one probe to ground or neutral (the bar that has bare or green and white wires connected . Step 5.Remove the electrical panel cover.

Select the correct circuit breaker. Step 7. below or between existing circuit breakers. Locate the circuit breaker mounting points. The circuit breaker will have two mounting points.not a 240 volt circuit). The panel label will list all approved circuit breakers for installation. Select the correct circuit breaker. A single pole or single width circuit breaker will provide a a single 120 volt circuit (or in the case of a "tandem breaker" or "half width breaker" it will provide two 120 volt circuits . Locate the circuit breaker mounting points. Both are mechanical . while a double pole or double width circuit breaker will provide a 208 or 240 volt circuit.Locate an unused space above. Step 6.

Step 10. Connect the circuit. Set the circuit breaker handle to the OFF position. . ON and OFF and a mid position when TRIPPED. Install the circuit breaker by aligning with the unused space in the panel. The circuit breaker has 3 possible positions. Step 8. Tilt the circuit breaker so that the mechanical contact point engages the support structure (rail. slot or clip). Set the circuit breaker handle to the OFF position. one of which also serves as the electrical input contact.contacts. Step 9. Install the circuit breaker by aligning with the unused space in the panel.

Use appropriate oxide inhibitor when connecting aluminum conductors. Install cover. Step 11. connect the circuit conductors or wires to the circuit breaker terminal(s). Remove all foreign objects. Remove. ground and neutral bar terminal screws. Look for and remove accidental conductors in the panel that could cause a short circuit when power is restored. tools. . After making sure the circuit breaker is still in the OFF position. from the interior of the panel. Step 12. wire scraps.Connect the circuit. etc. Remove all foreign objects.

.Install cover. Bring the cover up to the panel to compare the new circuit breaker location to the cover openings.

In hydraulic analogy. It distribute large amount of power into small packages. ding the of the panel. So far there is no clear distinction between the switchboard and switchgear.Step 13. Locate the panel's circuit directory. Identify the circuit. a switchboard is a switchgear. Switchboard and Switchgear The switchboard and switchgear are free standing assemblies of switches. Stan to side restore power to the panel by setting the Service Disconnect or Main to "On" and then set the new circuit breaker to "On" Clear any short circuit before attempting a reset if circuit breaker instantly trips. Thus. the main bus work of the switchboard is equivalent to a main header supplying water. Test. It will often be found on the inside of the panel door. fuse and circuit breakers that provide switching and feeder protection to a number of circuits connected to the main source. Test. . Step 14. Identify the circuit.

Low voltage switchgear The most important junction in power distribution. do not make sharp turns. with ensured availability all over the world. Install all grounding circuit components in straight lines. It is manufactured in several factories all over the world and can provide life cycle long support near to its end users. 12’. The front door is locked. all electrodes shall be installed away from said wires and cables. etc. When necessary to make bends. The spacing between any two electrodes shall be as shown in the detail of page 1. and the reading is to be no more than 10 ohms. The earth-to-ground resistance of this circuit is to be measured using a Megger®. additional ground plates and PowerSet® are to be installed in the direction of an irrigated area at a distance of 10’. Low voltage switchgear MNS is based on a modular design of well tested technology using high quality ABB equipment and components. The MNS switchgear with fixed outgoing units and screw and bolt connections has proved to be a reliable and maintenancefree solution. 14’. It is . If the resistance is more than 10 ohms. The door can be opened for visual inspection of the equipment without interrupting the supply by using a specially designed method. so that they don’t compete for the same soil. or other similar instrument. when the circuit breaker is in the I-position. To prevent the electrode-discharged energy from re-entering the underground wires and cables.

The irrigated area should include a circle with a 10-foot radius around the ground rod and a rectangle measuring 1-foot X 24-feet around the plate. Mechanical clamps shall be permitted temporarily during the resistance test process.] The 6 AWG bare copper wires are to be installed in as straight a line as possible. . Solder shall not be allowed to make connections. . but are to be replaced with Cadweld “OneShot" kits immediately thereafter. the Cadweld T-320 igniter must be utilized [Paige Electric part number 1820040.required that the soil surrounding copper electrodes be kept at a minimum moisture level of 15% at all times by dedicating an irrigation station at each controller location.All underground circuit connections are to be made using an exothermic welding process by utilizing products such as the Cadweld “One-Shot" kits. In order to ensure proper ignition of the “One-Shot". and if it is necessary to make a turn or a bend it shall be done in a sweeping curve with a minimum radius of 8" and a minimum included angle of 90.

it is called breaker panel. If the devices are of fuses.” Panel board is popularly known as panel or electrical panel. surface mounting 120/240 volts 150 amperes main 100/80 amp.wire panel is fed with two hot lines and a neutral line connected to the line buses and the neutral bus which varies in: a. 3. Basically. are very rarely mixed in a panel. Ampere ratings of the buses b. Single pole 2-30 amp. SP.The Panel Board The panel board is defined by the National Electrical Code as “A single panel or group panel limits designed for assembly in the form of a single panel.frame 10-20 amp.GFI . 2 pole 1-20 amp. expect that a circuit breaker panel sometimes has a main switch and a fuse for overall protection of the panel. it is described in the following manner: House panel circuit breaker type. 2 pole main circuit breaker Branch breakers all 80 amp. A single phase. /panel board is simply the box wherein the protective devices are grouped from which they are fed. it is called fuse panel and if the devices are circuit breakers. Type of protective devices installed Regardless whether the panel is flush or surface mounted type. Fuse and breaker however. a panel consists of a set of electrical busbars where the circuit protective devices are connected.

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10 AWG wire shall be used for runs up to 50 meters long and No. To limit voltage drop on the branch circuit. as in most cases panel boards are mounted near the kitchen and the laundry where heavy duty loads are expected. 3. It must be installed near the load center. 5. 8 AWG wire for longer circuits. The panel board is centrally located to shorten the home wiring runs.Principles Applied in Installing Panel Board 1. The approach shall be accessible and more convenient. . In the event that a circuit more than 35 meter long cannot be avoided. 2. the panel board shall be located in such a manner that no circuit (wiring connections) exceed 35 meters long. 4. No.

Self-check 4.Identification. Is an over-current protective device designed to function as a switch? 2. Circuit breaker 120 volts Switchboard/switchgear Panel board 150 . 3. How many amperes main in 120/140 volts? Answer key 4. 5. Provide switching and feeder protection to a number of circuits connected to the main source? 4. What is the minimum AC voltage range in a circuit breaker? 3. It is also called breaker panel? 5. 1. 2.2-1 1. 4.2-1 I .

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11. Locate an unused space above. the trainee should be able to install electrical protection system in accordance with the PEC and in line with the job requirements. 3.2-1 Title: Installing Electrical Protection system for Lighting and Grounding Learning Objective: After reading this information sheet. Supplies/Materials :  GFCI  Floor outlet  Drawing and plans  Wiring devices  Panel board 6 branch 60 A main.OPERATION SHEET 4. Set the circuit breaker handle to the OFF position. Remove the electrical panel cover. Locate the circuit breaker mounting points. Turn off power supply to the electrical panel. Select the correct circuit breaker. 2-30A for outlet and 2-15A for lighting Equipment and Tools :  Wiring booth  Set of pliers  Set of screw drivers  Personal Protective Equipment ( PPE) Steps/Procedure in installing a circuit breaker: 1. 14. 12. 4. Inspect the circuit breaker arrangement for unused locations. Remove all foreign objects. Identify the circuit. Assessment Method:  Direct Observation and Questioning  Demonstration . 7. 2. Connect the circuit. Install the circuit breaker by aligning with the unused space in the panel. 5. below or between existing circuit breakers. 13. 8. 10. Install cover. 6. Test. Test the panel for power. 9.

follow procedure in operation sheet 4. Note. and returned equipment and material proper storage. Install electrical protection system correctly. Assessment Method:  Direct Observation and Questioning  Demonstration . Do not test without the presence of the instructor. Use appropriate PPE before starting this job. Have your trainer check your work. 2-30A for outlet and 2-15A for lighting Equipment and Tools :  Wiring booth  Set of pliers  Set of screw drivers  Personal Protective Equipment ( PPE) Steps/Procedure: 1. Clean work area. 6. 4.2-1 Title: Installing Electrical Protection system for Lighting and Grounding Performance Objective: Given the necessary equipment. Read and interpret the given drawing. Layout the given drawing in wiring booth with the correct measurement. 3. Test your work by supplying power.1-1.JOB SHEET 4. tools and materials. 5. 2. assemble the fluorescent lighting fixture in line with the job requirements Supplies/Materials :  GFCI  Floor outlet  Drawing and plans  Wiring devices  Panel board 6 branch 60 A main.

1. 5. Observed safety in performing the job. For satisfactory achievement. 3. all items should receive a yes response. 4.Performance Criteria Checklist 4. Install panel board and wiring devices are properly aligns. Install panel board and wiring devices are properly function. .2-1 CRITERIA YES NO Did you…. Install panel board and wiring devices measurement are correct. 2. Cleaned work area.

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htt://windows.google. en.wikipedia.microlsoft. www.org/wiki/Network_topology 3.References 1.com 4.com/en-ph/windows-vistas 2.ehow. www.com .