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vFeb. 11, 1930.







Filed Dec. 11, 1928

3- sheets_s'heet









jester S. Quensel and

fred A. Stephens,



' Lester . 1930. A. s.497 ' 3 INVENTORS. . ' 1. 11. ‘ 3 Sheets-Sheet .‘ ‘ L.Feb.S’tepizens. 11. QUENSEL ET AL 4 HEAT EXCHANGER ‘ Filed Dec.746.. WW“ E IR ATTORNEY . 1928 34 .5’. Quensel and frea’.

Thus the shaft ~ with‘ its attached drums may be continuously 25 Our objects are attained in the manner il rotated by means of the motor. bymeans of which‘ suitable refrigerant. Thus it is not from valve 22. The upper 55 and lower drum of the series are permanently attached ‘to the shaft by means of sealed joints. into Figure 1 is a side elevation of a typical the bottom of which is fitted bearing 13. 325. 3o ‘ Figure 2 is a similar elevation in central section. sTErHENs. Among its . systems by incorporating therein is rotatable within. 60 The 1 ingsurface of liquid for the liberation of‘ lower end of the hollow shaft is provided with 15 vapor. A liquid outlet pipe 26 extends the practical limitations imposed upon the. a stuf?ng box 14.erant can be withdrawn from the device. and a liquid outlet 40 parts throughout the several views. The motor is also suitably mounted upon the 80. Below heat-exchanging devices that embody the the stuffing boxethe shaft carries a worm gear 70. and upon the rapldlty ‘part of the upper ‘drum 6. ‘ porting the stu?ng box and superposed parts.746.65 . type. ‘ 11. above features.5 principal objects are. to afford means for securing a a solid journal 12that is rotatable in a bear~ rapid. and by means of “ e5 chanical refrigeration system in which our the latter the ?ow of gas to or from the in improved heat-exchanger is incorporated for teriorrof the hollow shaft is controlled. and oontlnuous circulation of hquld ing 13. AND FRED A. "All of these drums communicate with each other through ori?ces 10.Patented Feb. and. whichf. when thedevice is be ing used as an evaporator. or sANTA BARBARA. ‘ CALIFORNIA ' HEAT EXCHANGER ‘ Application ?led December 11.201. and particularly to apparatus of this charac ter that is adapted for either vaporizing liquids or condensing vapors. ‘over the outer surfaces of the heat-exchang‘ ing the weight‘ of the shaft. fifth.‘ and form of our improved heat-exchanger. ?rst. to provide a very compact type of heat-exchanger that never~ thelessembodies a relativelygreat amount of available wall area for the transfer of heat. and. to make it possible to greatly ‘‘ drums. 1930 1. and with the interior of the hollow shaft through orifices 11. The increase the e?iciency of mechanical refrig upper end of the shaft passes through. such as ammonia. a relatively great evaporat Serial No. Abovethe stui?ng box is a cross-?tting ‘20 1 Figure 4: is a diagram illustrating a me that supports a gas valve 21. the latter ‘being adapted for support. ‘ ‘ devices taken on the line 3——3 of Fig.‘ in Surrounding the above rotating elements 75. to supply in an evaporator. to furnish facilities for causing a 10 thin ?lm of liquid to flow over the interior surface of said walls. lustrated in the accompanying drawings. tive fluidsv over such surfaces very rapidly. is an incomplete cylindrical casing 18. and‘the contents of the latter. Our invention relates to heat-exchangers. depend upon the area of the heater: -Within shaft ‘" 7. are e01 obtainable in heat-exchangers of the closed‘ associated with cross-?tting 20 as shown. but also to circulate therespec~ to nearly the bottom thereof. such as the welded joints 8. in thin films. and ‘ 20 eration . or Los ‘ANGELES.‘ 2. The in termediate drums are connected by sealed ‘ joints as indicated by the weldings 9.v liquid is introduced ‘when the device is being Similar reference numerals refer to similar used asan evaporator. UNITED STATES PATENT’ OFFICE ‘ LESTER s. 1928. and an inlet pipe‘25 leads down ‘to flow over those surfaces. on the top of which‘ is a spider 19_ for sup ‘ inexpensive construction. if possible. and sixth. for withdraw ice . . vand‘the latter is in meshwith a worm above by means of a simple and-relatively 16 on the shaft of a motor 17 .rits ‘attached 1‘ ing walls.. through the cross ?tting 20 only desirable to have the heat-exchanging‘ andthe hollow shaft. second. l/Ve employ in our improved exchanger a series of super posed‘ spheroidal drums 6. QUENSEL. that are mounted upon a ‘hollow vertical shaft 7. A ‘the purposes of condensing and re~vaporizing liquid inlet valve 22. from valve 23 down through the hollow shaft 50 apparatus. Figure 3 is a cross section of the above top of the casing. to accomplish the 15. is an annular 45‘ with which the respective fluids may be made trough 21}. fourth. by means of “which liquid'refrige It is well known that the results that are e. third. so as to discharge into surfaces as great as possible consistent with this trough. valve 23. and opposite the upper changing surfaces.497 .

to work 33. and to be withdrawn to point out that our rotary exchangers can therefrom through gas valve 21. and further accretions. and the ?aps 28 serve to direct the 21 of the condensing exchanger 38. It is not necessary to use cir great amount of heat from the outside of the c'ulating pumps for such purposes when our have passed over a large heat-transfer sur 50 drums. One end of The condensate is withdrawn through pipe 26 its cylindrical wall is shown at 29‘. and rotated there afresh. having inwardly drums where it is condensed and tends to ac extending ?aps 28. Such liq be used interchangeably as either condensers uid as may not be vaporized will flow to the or evaporators. For combined action of centrifugal force and example. and this changes to be made at will. Evaporator 34 is immersed in a brine in. int. where required ameter. The whole apparatus just described may plete mechanical refrigeration system that be lowered into a tank of liquid for the pur— employs our improved heat-exchangers for pose of serving as a heat-exchanger. without change or adjustment bottom of hollow shaft 7 . When our heat-exchanger is being used as weight of the rotating parts. Casing 18 is provided with a plurality of in this case. and these simply are inoperative in such service. Liquid rotating liquid toward the center to prevent refrigerant from this condenser passes out _intereference with the incoming flow through through pipe 39 to storage tank 40. Furthermore the process will be repeated within the succeed action of the rotary exchangers themselves 100 110 ing lower drums. largely or wholly offsets the valve 23. we wish to point out that ‘ drawn therefrom through pipe 26 and outlet the displacement of the submerging liquid by the drums. By suitably proportioning and op rotary exchangers are employed. 75 The diagram of Fig. Assuming that one of tion of the drums will impart a rotary motion our devices is being used as an evaporator at to the liquid within casing 18. 4 illustrates a com wardly between them without touching. the fric ing the refrigerant. may to assume some such contour as is shown at be placed at any time in brine tank 42. It will be obvious that the constitutes a ready and very e?icient means liquid. Finally. or within can be greatly increased if desired. before it reaches the lowest drum. uid over the outer surfaces of drums 6. For instance. Vapor given off from the liquid suitably shaped ribs or vanes on the outer at any point is free to pass through ori?ces 11 walls of drums 6. erating the apparatus. Gas is drawn or forced to the device through gas valve 21 and. of a refrigerating system. the above described process 1S thrust duty of bearing 13 is greatly lessened. will cause it to ers already so located. and thereby the a condenser.2 1. the against the upper inner wall of the top drum speed of rotation of the exchanger units may 6. After being compressed. and cause the 34.746.‘ Still further accretions of the liquid un in parallel with one or more similar exchang der the in?uence of gravity. When the device is used as avoondenser there is no need of valve 22 or pipe 25. and they may be variously assem to spread out in a thin ?lm of increasing di bled and placed in the system. The cen~ Among the more important of these is the trifugal motion of the machine will throw great elasticity they afford in the operation this liquid outwardly through orifices 32. of ?ow will take place inwardly through the gas passes through pipe 37 to gas valve louvers 27. It has already been stated cumulate in the bottom of hollow shaft 7. When the purposes of condensing and re-evaporat rotated in the direction of‘arrow 31. passes through ori?ces 11 to the vertical slits or louvers 27. the 85 20 90 95 liquid refrigerant is introduced through valve from the use of our rotary heat'exchangers. We desire particularly to point out certain When our device is being utilized as an of the great practical advantages that result evaporator in a refrigerating system. A corresponding volume a compressor 36. and can be with of parts. gravity. Wlll for securing adequate circulation within the brine tanks or cooling tanks in which they face and have absorbed a correspondingly are submerged. and thence the louvers. 130 ' . 22 and pipe 25 to annular trough 24. the vapor therefrom passes out and latter to ?ow outwardly between extremity 29 through pipe 35 as a cold gas to the intake of and‘?nger plate 30. Centrifugal force will cause this liquid be varied.497 ing such liquid as may accumulate at that substantially reversed. in view of the to meet varying conditions of operation. and condenser 38 is immersed in a cooling tank 43. that the'casing is incomplete. practically all of the It will of course be obvious that the ra incoming refrigerant will be vaporized either pidity of circulation of the submerging fluid before it reaches the lower drum. by adding ‘ the latter. where the cycle starts 25 merged in a body of liquid. will cause the liquid within the drum which can readily be handled by a crane. an additional heat~exchanger unit. It is only necessary to ?ow downwardly through intercommunicat install header connections to enable such ing‘ori?ces 10 to the drum below.‘ Still further we desire to the hollow shaft. It will thus be evident thatwhen through pipe 41 and valve 22 to the evaporat ‘one of these rotary heat-exchangers is sub ing exchanger 34. it will cause a rapid circulation of the liq tank 42. The other end of the wall is in-turned and deeply notched to form ?ngers 30 that closely ?t the con?guration of the drums and extend in 10 70 and outlet valve 23.

similar means for introducing liquid ‘ 100 at the top of said series. Having thus‘ fully described our invention pressuretight joints between them and the in a manner that will be readily understood by those who are familiar with the art in . The whole tion with the interior of the shaft and affixed series of drums therefore is adapted to act to the shaft by a pressure-tight joint.40 surrounding adapted when rotated to draw liquid into the casing over the external surfaces of the drums. similar means for introducing liquid at the top of said series. therein as a result of temperature changes. A heat-exchanger comprising. 2. pressure~tight 6: m means adapted for introducing and with drawing vapors from the drums while ro tating. and being turned ~60 inwardly to closely approach the exterior walls of said series without touching them. 90 liquid bath. through said chamber into said shaft for in 80 CO CR pressure-tight means adapted for introduc trodueing liquid at one portion of the lat. a rotatable hollow shaft having a closed end. one extremity of 120 the side wall of the casing being dentated to a contour corresponding to a diametral section of the drum series. ‘ of the hollow shaft. and an in complete cylindrical casing surrounding said > series. means leading from‘ the exterior munication with the interior of the shaft. the lower ducing and withdrawing vapor from said and upper drums of the series being in com chamber.3 1. and similar means‘for exterior through said chamber into said shaft introducing liquid into the upper drum and for withdrawing liquid from another por for‘ withdrawing liquid from thelower end tion of the shaft. A heat-exchanger comprising. and thereafter to discharge this liquid from the easing. and for withdrawing liquid at the bottom thereof. mounted upon said shaft. and for withdraw ing liquid at the bottom thereof. and like an accordion to obviate heavy stresses the intermediate drums being free to move longitudinally upon the shaft and havin “~10 due to thermal expansion or contraction.746.‘ ing and withdrawing vapors from the hollow ter.volved. and separate means leading from the shaft while‘ rotating. adapted for immersion and rotation in a FRED A. and thereafter to discharge this liquid 130 . advantage of eliminating heavy stresses ' 4:. means adapted for intro drums. and its upper end passing through a stuffing-box. ‘ 3. pressure-tight means adapted for introducing ‘and with drawing vapors from the drums while rotat ing. In apparatus of the character described. A heat-exchanger comprising. ‘while the intermediate drums are free end drums of the series being in communica to move longitudinally thereon. a adjacent drums. a heat~excha1iging drum mounted upon said shaft and communicating series of intercommunicating and superposed with its interior. the shaft. QUENSEL. we claim :— 1. ‘ ‘ 5.497 The method disclosed ‘for assembling the between the extremities of the side walls of ‘ drums upon the hollow shaft has the great the casing. and a casing said series. a series of intercommunicating and superposed spheroidal drums adapted for beingimmersed and rotated in a liquid bath. In apparatus of the character described. said drums being . and its other end passing through a stuffing box and communicating with the interior of a’ pressure chamber. a series of intercommunicating drums The end drums of the series are a?ixed to the mounted upon a rotatable hollow shaft. having vertical louvres therethrough with inwardly turned flaps. and said drums being‘ adapted when rotated to draw liquid into the casing through said 125 louvres over the external surfaces of the ‘drums. a verti cally rotatable hollow shaft having a closed lower end supported "by a bearing‘. . said drums being LESTER S. . STEPHENS. a series of intercommunicating and superposed‘ sphe roidal drums adapted for being immersed and rotated in a liquid bath.