Draft  Resolution  

Countering  Grand  Corruption  

 
The  Conference  of  the  States  Parties  to  the  United  Nations  Convention  against  Corruption,  
 
Recalling  article  1,  subparagraph  (a)  of  the  United  Nations  Convention  against  Corruption,  which  
establishes  that  one  of  the  main  purposes  of  the  Convention  is  to  promote  and  strengthen  measures  
to  prevent  and  combat  corruption  more  efficiently  and  effectively,  
 
Bearing  in  mind  the  principles  of  sovereign  equality  and  territorial  integrity  of  States  Parties  as  set  
out  by  article  4  of  the  Convention,  
 
Concerned  about  instances  of  grand  corruption,  that  involve  vast  quantities  of  assets,  which  may  
constitute  a  substantial  proportion  of  the  resources  of  States,  as  well  as  instances  that  cause  
significant  public  damage  or  that  result  in  infringement  of  the  rights  of  at  least  part  of  a  State’s  
population;  
Concerned  also  that  these  instances  threaten  the  political  stability  and  sustainable  development  of  
those  States;  
Noting  that  these  instances  of  corruption  generally  involve  high  level  officials  and  offences  covered  
by  UNCAC  chapter  III;  
 
Affirming  that  because  of  the  gravity  it  consequences,  grand  corruption  is  a  serious  crime  of  concern  
to  the  international  community  as  a  whole  and  must  not  go  unpunished,  and  that  its  effective  
prevention  and  prosecution  must  be  ensured  by  taking  measures  at  national  and  international  levels  
and  by  enhancing  international  cooperation,  
 
 
Taking  into  consideration  recent  developments  in  a  number  of  States  where  there  has  been  a  
renewed  and  enhanced  commitment  to  prosecute  instances  of  large-­‐scale  corruption  of  present  or  
former  senior  public  officials    
 
Underlining  that  each  State  party  shall  make  the  commission  of  an  offence  established  in  accordance  
with  this  Convention  liable  to  sanctions  that  take  into  account  the  gravity  of  that  offence  in  
accordance  with  article  30,  paragraph  (1)  of  the  Convention,  
 
Highlighting  the  importance  of  the  article  30  provision  requiring  that  each  State  Party  shall  
endeavour  to  ensure  that  any  discretionary  legal  powers  under  its  domestic  law  relating  to  the  
prosecution  of  persons  for  offences  established  in  accordance  with  this  Convention  are  exercised  to  
maximize  the  effectiveness  of  law  enforcement  measures  in  respect  of  those  offences  and  with  due  
regard  to  the  need  to  deter  the  commission  of  such  offences,  
 
 
1. Reconises  that  grand  corruption  consists  of  instances  of  chapter  III  corruption  offences  
involving  high  level  officials  and  that  it  involves  a  significant  amount  of  money  or  leads  to  
significant  public  damage  or  leads  to  infringement  of  the  fundamental  rights  of  at  least  part  
of  a  State’s  population.  
 
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2. Calls  upon  States  parties  to  introduceg  or  strengthen  specific  measures  and  increase  
resources  to  prevent  and  fight  grand  corruption.  
 
3. Urges  States  parties  to  ensure  that  appointments  of  public  officials  are  based  on  objective  
criteria,  such  as  merit,  equity  and  aptitude.  
 
4. Also  urges  States  parties    to  ensure  that  appropriate  measures  are  in  place  regarding  the  
funding  of  political  parties,  including  transparency  measures;  
 
5. Building  on  CoSP  Resolution  4/4,  calls  on  States  parties  to  collect  beneficial  ownership  
information  through  national-­‐level  public  registers  of  companies  and  trusts  maintained  with  
updated  current  information.  Also  calls  for  governments  to  collect  and  publish  beneficial  
ownership  information  of  all  bidders  for  public  procurement  contracts.  Further  call  for  
customer  due  diligence  obligations,  including  in  relation  to  beneficial  ownership,  to  be  
required  or  strengthened  with  respect  to  banks  and  other  service  providers,  including  
lawyers  and  trust  and  company  formation  providers,  and  actively  enforced.    
 
6. Requests  States  parties  to  record  information  on  people  with  prominent  public  
functions  (Politically  Exposed  Persons  with  the  meaning  as  used  in  Article  52  of  the  
Convention)  through  national-­‐level  registers  as  well  as  requiring  them  and  others  to  file  
comprehensive  asset  declarations,  in  line  with  articles  8,  14  and  52.  
 
7. Also  requests  States  parties  to  make  publicly  available  information  held  in  national-­‐level  
registers  on  Politically  Exposed  Persons,  including  their  asset  declarations.    
 
8. Calls  upon  States  parties  to  ensure  in  law  and  practice  the  independent,  efficient  and  
rigorous  supervision  of  banks  and  financial  professionals  to  ensure  that  they  conduct  
enhanced  due  diligence  with  regard  to  Politically  Exposed  Persons  (PEPs).  
 
9. Urges  States  parties  to  seek  from  international  bodies  the  alignment  and  broadening  of  
definitions  of  PEPs  to  include  public  functions  considered  high  risk  and  use  lists  of  officials  
required  to  file  asset  declarations  to  identify  who  is  considered  a  PEP  for  each  country.  
 
 
10. Also  calls  upon  States  parties  to  consider,  in  accordance  with  article  16,  paragraph  2,  
adopting  such  legislative  and  other  measures  as  may  be  necessary  to  establish  as  a  criminal  
offence,  by  any  appropriate  measure,  when  committed  intentionally,  the  solicitation  or  
acceptance  by  a  foreign  public  official  or  an  official  of  a  public  international  organization,  
directly  or  indirectly,  of  an  undue  advantage,  for  the  official  himself  or  herself  or  another  
person  or  entity,  in  order  that  the  official  act  or  refrain  from  acting  in  the  exercise  of  his  or  
her  official  duties;  
 
11. Requests  States  parties  to  consider,  in  accordance  with  article  19,    adopting  such  legislative  
and  other  measures  as  may  be  necessary  to  establish  as  a  criminal  offence,  when  committed  
intentionally,  the  abuse  of  functions  or  position,  that  is,  the  performance  of  or  failure  to  
perform  an  act,  in  violation  of  laws,  by  a  public  official  in  the  discharge  of  his  or  her  
functions,  for  the  purpose  of  obtaining  an  undue  advantage  for  himself  or  herself  or  for  
another  person  or  entity.  
 
12. Calls  for  States  parties  to  ensure  in  line  with  articles  11  and  30(3)  the  operational  
independence  and  resourcing  of  both  specialised  law  enforcement  bodies  and  the  judiciary  
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Also  calls  on  States  Parties  to  have  the  necessary  safeguards  in  place  to  ensure  that  there  is  
no  undue  influence,  including  political  influence,  on  enforcement  decisions.    
 
13. Calls  for  States  Parties  to  ensure,  in  line  with  article  30(2)  that  domestic  immunities  for  
public  officials  are  strictly  limited  to  heads  of  State  and  functional  immunities  of  judges  and  
parliamentarians  and  that  where  there  are  other  immunities  there  are  transparent  and  
effective  procedures  for  suspending  them.  Further  calls  for  the  CoSP  to  promote  these  

standards  to  the  International  Law  Commission  which  is  in  the  process  drafting  
articles  on  “Immunity  of  State  officials  from  foreign  criminal  jurisdiction”.  
 

14. Urges  States  parties  to  review  whether  Unexplained  Wealth  Order  powers  and  non-­‐
conviction  based  asset  forfeiture  penalties  can  improve  compliance  with  the  objectives  of  
article  20,  short  of  a  full  criminal  offence  of  illicit  enrichment  or  alternatively  to  introduce  
the  offence  of  illicit  enrichment  In  their  domestic  legislation.  

 
15. Urges  States  parties  to  improve  their  efforts  to  ensure  that  entities  or  persons  who  have  
suffered  damage  as  a  result  of  an  act  of  corruption  have  the  right  to  initiate  legal  
proceedings  against  those  responsible  for  that  damage  in  order  to  obtain  compensation.  
Also  requests  the  Secretariat  to  prepare  a  study  on  good  practices  in  providing  remedies  
pursuant  to  article  35  to  the  victims  of  such  offences,  including  compensation.  
 
16. Calls  for  States  parties,  with  regard  to  instances  of  grand  corruption,  to  take  such  measures  
as  may  be  necessary  to  establish  its  jurisdiction  over  the  offences  established  in  accordance  
with  this  Convention  when  the  alleged  offender  is  present  in  its  territory  and  it  does  not  
extradite  him  or  her,  as  set  forth  in  article  42,  paragraph  4.    
 
17. Further  encourages  the  exercise  of  extraterritorial  jurisdiction  where  there  is  a  failure  of  aut  
dedere,  aut  judicare;  
 
 
18. Strongly  encourages  States  parties,  in  line  with  article  46,  paragraph  4  ,  that  without  prior  
request,  they  transmit  information  relating  to  criminal  matters  to  a  competent  authority  in  
another  State  Party  where  they  believe  that  such  information  could  assist  the  authority  in  
undertaking  or  successfully  concluding  inquiries  and  criminal  proceedings  or  could  result  in  a  
request  formulated  by  the  latter  State  Party  pursuant  to  this  Convention.  
 
 
19. Calls  on  States  parties  to  enact  and  implement  comprehensive  laws  providing  for  the  
confiscation  of  any  asset  obtained  through  or  derived  from  the  commission  of  an  offence  
established  by  the  convention  –  including  the  proceeds  of  bribery.  
 
20. Requests  the  Secretariat  to  prepare  a  study  on  establishing  a  UN  complaints  procedure  for  
cases  of  grand  corruption  comparable  to  the  procedures  for  bringing  complaints  of  
violations  of  the  provisions  of  the  human  rights  treaties  before  the  human  rights  treaty  
bodies  individual  communications;  
 

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21. Requests  the  IRG  to  prepare  a  report  on  the  advisability  and  feasibility  of  establishing  a  
single  international  mechanism  under  UN  auspices  for  resolving  transnational  and  grand  
corruption  offences,  prepared  in  consultation  with  relevant  intergovernmental  
organisations;  and  
 
22. Invites  States  parties  and  the  UNCAC  Secretariat  to  collaborate  with  human  rights  bodies  
with  the  aim  of  identifying  concrete  instances  of  corruption  offences  linked  to  human  rights  
violations,  as  well  as  designing  and  implementing  measures  to  provide  remedies  and  
reparations  to  victims  affected  by  them,  in  line  with  the  Basic  Principles  and  Guidelines  on  
the  Right  to  a  Remedy  and  Reparation  for  Victims  of  Gross  Violations  of  International  Human  
Rights  Law  and  Serious  Violations  of  International  Humanitarian  Law  (Adopted  and  
proclaimed  by  General  Assembly  resolution  60/147  of  16  December  2005)  
 
   

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