Está en la página 1de 14

References

Garantizan la inmunidad al senador italiano que llam 'orangutn' a una ministra negra.
2012. Conmocin por asesinato de una concejal de Guayamern. ANF - Agencia de Noticias Fide.
2013. Womens Political Participation in Asia and the Pacific.
ACOBOL. Nuestra Historia. http://www.acobol.org.bo/site/index.php/quienes-somos/nuestra-historia (March 19,
2015).
. 2010. Acoso y violencia poltica en razn de gnero Afectan el Trabajo Poltico y Gestin Pblica de las
Mujeres. 5. Revista de la Asociacion de Concejalas de Bolivia, ACOBOL.
http://www.acobol.org.bo/obser/index.php?option=com_docman&task=doc_download&gid=7&Itemid=.
. 2012. Acoso y Violencia Poltica en Contra de las Mujeres Afectan el Trabajo Poltico y la Gestin Pblica.
ACOBOL: ACOBOL. http://www.acobol.org.bo/acobol/images/acoso_violencia.pdf (September 2013).
Adejumobi, Said, ed. Forthcoming. Africas Checkered Democracy: Institutions, Participation and Accountability.
New York: Palgrave Macmillan.
Agencia. June 18th, 2014. Mujeres del Pas Lanzan Campaa '50 y 50'. Los Tiempos, June 18th, 2014.
http://www.lostiempos.com/diario/actualidad/nacional/20140618/mujeres-del-pais-lanzan-campana%25E2%2580%259C50-y-50%25E2%2580%259D_263154_575966.html (Accessed June 24th, 2014).
Aguirre, J. C., and E. S. Cooper. 2010. Evo Morales, Climate Change, and the Paradoxes of a Social-Movement
Presidency. Latin American Perspectives 37 (4): 23844.
Ahll, Linda, and Laura J. Shepherd, eds. 2012. Gender, agency and political violence. Rethinking political violence
series. Houndmills, Basingstoke, Hampshire, New York: Palgrave Macmillan.
hll, Linda. 2012. Motherhood, Myth and Gendered Agency in Political Violence. International Feminist Journal of
Politics 14 (1): 10320.
Alarcn, Sandra. 2012. Retos y desafos de las mujeres polticas en el Ecuador. gora Poltica 3 (6): 5760.
Albaine, Laura. 2009. Cuotas de Gnero y Ciudadana Poltica en Bolivia. Margen 55.
http://www.margen.org/suscri/margen55/albaine.pdf (Accessed April 26, 2015).
. 2013. Paridad de gnero y violencia poltica. Nuevos derechos, viejas prcticas. Buenos Aires: Facultad de
Ciencias Sociales, Universidad de Buenos Aires. http://www.aacademica.com/000-076/273.pdf.
Albro, R. 2010. Confounding Cultural Citizenship and Constitutional Reform in Bolivia. Latin American Perspectives
37 (3): 7190.
Aliaga, Alfonso. June 19th, 2012. La concejal Daguimar Rivera fue asesinada en Guayaramern. La Razon, June
19th, 2012. http://www.la-razon.com/ciudades/seguridad_ciudadana/concejal-Daymar-Rivera-asesinadaGuayaramerin_0_1635436496.html.
Alison, M. 2004. Women as Agents of Political Violence: Gendering Security. Security Dialogue 35 (4): 44763.
Alvarez, Sonia E. 1990. Engendering democracy in Brazil: Women's movements in transition politics. Princeton, N.J.:
Princeton University Press.
. 1999. Advocating feminism: The Latin American Feminist NGO 'Boom'. International Feminist Journal of
Politics 1 (2): 181209.
. 2000. Translating the global effects of transnational organizing on local feminist discourses and practices in
Latin America. Meridians: 2967.
Anand, Anu. February 8th, 2014. Kavita Krishnan: 'I was accused by one minister of standing for free sex'. The
Guardian, February 8th, 2014. http://www.theguardian.com/politics/2014/feb/09/kavita-krishnan-communistindia-accused-minister-free-sex.
Andolina, Robert, Nina Laurie, and Sarah A. Radcliffe. 2009. Indigenous development in the Andes: Culture, power,
and transnationalism. Durham [N.C.]: Duke University Press.
Ansolabehere Sesti, Karina, Daniela Cerva Cerna, and Enrique Ochoa Reza, eds. 2009. Gnero y derechos polticos:
La proteccin jurisdiccional de los derechos poltico-electorales de las mujeres en Mxico. 2009th ed. Mxico:
Tribunal Electoral del Poder Judicial de la Federacin.
Aparicio Castillo, Francisco Javier. 2011. Cuotas de Gnero en Mxico. Candidaturas y Resultados Electorales para
Diputados Federales 2009. Vol. 18 of Temas de Derecho Electoral. Tribunal Electoral del Poder Judicial de la
Federacin.
Arboleda, Maria. 2012. Apoyo al Fortalecimiento del Consenso de Quito para el Empoderamiento de las Mujeres.
UN Women, AMUME, AECID. http://generalo.uimunicipalistas.org/wp-content/uploads/2013/08/ACOSO-POLITICOA-MUJERES-ECUADOR.pdf.
Archenti, Nlida, and Laura Albaine. 2013. Los desafos de la paridad de gnero. Tensin normativa y violencia
poltica en Bolivia y Ecuador. Punto y Gnero (3): 195219 (Accessed January 2014).
. 2014. Los desafos de la paridad de gnero. Tensin normativa y violencia poltica en Bolivia y Ecuador.
Revista Punto Gnero 0 (3): 195219.
http://revistapsicologia.uchile.cl/index.php/RPG/article/viewFile/30275/32037.

Ardaya, M. N., and C.E.S. Salmn. 2009. Detrs del cristal con que se mira: Ordenes normativos e interlegalidad:
Mujeres Quechuas, Aymaras, Sirion, Trinitarias, Chimane, Chiquitanas y Ayoreas. Coordinadora de la Mujer.
Asamblea Legislativa de la Repblica de Costa Rica. 2013. Ley Contra el Acoso y/o Violencia Poltica Hacia las
Mujeres.
Asamblea Legislativa Plurinacional.
. N.D. Reglamento de licencias y habilitacin de Diputadas y Diputados Titulares y Suplentes. Asamblea
Legislativa Plurinacional. http://www.diputados.bo/images/Docs/Institucion/reglamentolicencias.pdf.
. N.D. Reglamento General de la Cmara de Diputados. Asamblea Legislativa Plurinacional.
http://www.diputados.bo/images/Docs/Institucion/reglamentogral.pdf (October 19, 2015).
. May 28th, 2012. Ley Contra el Acoso y Violencia Poltica Hacia las Mujeres: Ley 243. 376NEC.
Asian Human Rights Commission. 2006. India: Woman Faces Death Threats and Harassment due to her Political
Affiliation while Police Remain Inactive. Asian Human Rights Commission.
http://www.humanrights.asia/news/urgent-appeals/UA-370-2006.
Auyero, Javier. 2007. Routine politics and violence in Argentina: The gray zone of state power. Cambridge studies in
contentious politics. Cambridge, New York: Cambridge University Press.
Bez Carlos, Adriana del Rosario. 2014. Quines votaron en Mxico por mujeres para legisladoras federales en
2012? Estudios Polticos 2014 (31): 1136.
Baldez, Lisa. 2006. The pros and cons of gender quota laws: what happens when you kick men out and let women
in? Politics & Gender 2 (01): 1029.
. 2007. Primaries vs. quotas: Gender and candidate nominations in Mexico, 2003. Latin American Politics
and Society 49 (3): 6996.
Ballinas, Victor, and Andrea Becerril. March 22nd, 2013. Tipifica Senado como delito la "violencia poltica de
gnero". La Jornada, March 22nd, 2013. October 14th, 2013 (Accessed http://www.jornada.unam.mx/March 22,
2013/016n3pol).
Banaszak, Lee A. 1996. Why movements succeed or fail: Opportunity, culture, and the struggle for woman suffrage.
Princeton studies in American politics. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press.
. 2010. The women's movement inside and outside the state. Cambridge, New York: Cambridge University
Press.
Bardall, Gabrielle. 2011. Breaking the Mold: Understanding Gender and Electoral Violence. IFES.
http://www.ifes.org/~/media/Files/Publications/White
%20PaperReport/2011/Gender_and_Electoral_Violence_2011.pdf.
. 2013. Gender-Specific Election Violence: The Role of Information and Communication Technologies.
Stability: International Journal of Security and Development 2 (3): 111.
Barrera-Bassols, Dalia. 2014. Acoso y Violencia Poltica.: Testimonios de Sndicas y Regidoras Veracruzanas.
Agricultura, Sociedad y Desarrollo 11 (3): 24970. http://www.colpos.mx/asyd/volumen11/numero3/asd-14037.pdf (Accessed December 29, 2014).
BBC. 2015. BBC Newsnight. June 15. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-KiZRyhPyN0.
Beckwith, Karen. 2007. Numbers and newness: the descriptive and substantive representation of women.
Canadian Journal of Political Science 40 (01): 2749.
. 2007. Numbers and newness: the descriptive and substantive representation of women. Canadian Journal
of Political Science 40 (01): 2749.
Berns, Nancy. 2001. Degendering the Problem and Gendering the Blame: Political Discourse on Women and
Violence. Gender & Society 15 (2): 26281.
Besley, T., and T. Persson. 2011. The Logic of Political Violence. The Quarterly Journal of Economics 126 (3): 1411
45.
Boeckmann, Robert J., and Carolyn Turpin-Petrosino. 2002. Understanding the Harm of Hate Crime. Journal of
Social Issues 58 (2): 207. https://login.proxy.libraries.rutgers.edu/login?
url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=6556312&site=eds-live.
Bourdieu, Pierre, Craig J. Calhoun, Edward LiPuma, and Moishe Postone, eds. 1993. Bourdieu: Critical perspectives.
Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Brady, Henry E., and David Collier. 2010. Rethinking social inquiry: Diverse tools, shared standards. 2nd ed. Lanham,
Md.: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
Breen-Smyth, Marie. Introduction. 114.
. 2012. Conclusions. In The Ashgate research companion to political violence. Ashgate research companion,
ed. Marie Breen-Smyth. Farnham, Surrey, Burlington, VT: Ashgate Pub, 56981.
, ed. 2012. The Ashgate research companion to political violence. Ashgate research companion. Farnham,
Surrey, Burlington, VT: Ashgate Pub.
Brescoll, V. L., E. Dawson, and E. L. Uhlmann. 2010. Hard Won and Easily Lost: The Fragile Status of Leaders in
Gender-Stereotype-Incongruent Occupations. Psychological Science 21 (11): 164042.
Brockman, Erica. N.D. Paridad y alternancia en Bolivia: paradojas y nuevas preguntas. IKNOW Politics.
http://iknowpolitics.org/sites/default/files/opinion_de_especialista-erika_brockmann_0.pdf (April 26, 2015).

Brown, Katherine E. 2013. The Ashgate research companion to political violence. Defense & Security Analysis 29
(4): 36566.
Bruhn, Kathleen. 2003. Whores and lesbians: Political activism, party strategies, and gender quotas in Mexico.
Electoral Studies 22 (1): 10119.
Bunch, Charlotte. 1990. Women's rights as human rights: Toward a re-vision of human rights. Human Rights
Quarterly: 48698.
Cabezas Fernndez, Marta. 2014. Dilemas feministas en torno a la Ley de acoso y violencia poltica en Bolivia.
Temas Cuba, Oct-Dec 2014, 2936.
http://www.temascuba.org/sites/default/files/articulos_academicos_en_pdf/Descargar%20art%C3%ADculo
%20en_41.pdf (Accessed January 5, 2015).
Carmines, Edward G., and James A. Stimson. 1989. Issue evolution: Race and the transformation of American
politics. Princeton University Press.
Carmona Lpez, Adriana, Alma Gmez Caballero, and Lucha Castro Rodrguez. 2010. Feminicide in Latin America
and the Movement for Women's Human Rights. In Terrorizing women: Feminicide in the Amricas, eds. Rosa L.
Fregoso and Cynthia L. Bejarano. Durham [NC]: Duke University Press, 15776.
Carroll, Susan J. 1989. The Personal is Political. Women & Politics 9 (2): 5167.
. 2001. The impact of women in public office. Indiana University Press.
. 2002. Representing women: Congresswomen's perceptions of their Representative roles. In Women
transforming Congress. v. 4 of Congressional studies series, ed. Cindy S. Rosenthal. Norman, OK: University of
Oklahoma Press, 5068.
. 2006. Are Women Legislators Accountable to Women? The Complementary Roles of Feminist Identity and
Women's Organizations. In Gender and social capital. Gender politics, global issues, eds. Brenda L. O'Neill and
Elisabeth Gidengil. New York: Routledge, 35778.
Carroll, Susan J., and Krista Jenkins. 2001. Unrealized Opportunity?: Term Limits and the Representation of Women
in State Legislatures. Women & Politics 23 (4): 130.
Carroll, Susan J., and Kira Sanbonmatsu. 2013. More women can run: Gender and pathways to the state legislatures.
Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Caul, Miki. 1999. Women's Representation in Parliament The Role of Political Parties. Party Politics 5 (1): 7998.
Celis, Karen, and Sarah Childs. 2008. Introduction: The descriptive and substantive representation of women: New
directions. Parliamentary Affairs 61 (3): 41925.
Celis, Karen, Sarah Childs, Johanna Kantola, and Mona L. Krook. 2008. Rethinking women's substantive
representation. Representation 44 (2): 99110.
Centellas, M. 2010. Savina Cuellar and Bolivia's New Regionalism. Latin American Perspectives 37 (4): 16176.
CEPAL. 2007. Quito Consensus.
. 2013. Santo Domingo Consensus.
Cerva, Daniela. 2014. Participacin poltica y Violencia de Gnero en Mxico. Revista Mexicana de Ciencias
Polticas y Sociales LIX (222): 11740. https://www.google.com/url?
sa=t&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=web&cd=1&cad=rja&uact=8&ved=0CB4QFjAA&url=http%3A%2F
%2Fwww.journals.unam.mx%2Findex.php%2Frmspys%2Farticle%2Fdownload
%2F47725%2F42913&ei=ZrhHVbzUCYfCggSn4ICgCA&usg=AFQjCNE_loAr68HHlDYr4sra6aWcGn7j0Q&sig2=ez3Z
I_aX297CaO0CEkPkdA&bvm=bv.92291466,d.eXY (Accessed May 4, 2015).
Chvez, Patricia. 2012. De la colorida minora a una mayora gris?: Presencia indgena en el legislativo. [Bolivia]:
Fundacion Friederich Ebert; Editorial Gente Comn.
Childs, Sarah. 2001. In their own words: New Labour women and the substantive representation of women. The
British Journal of Politics & International Relations 3 (2): 17390.
. 2008. Women and British party politics: descriptive, substantive and symbolic representation. Routledge.
Childs, Sarah, and Mona L. Krook. 2006. Should feminists give up on critical mass? A contingent yes. Politics &
Gender 2 (04): 52230.
. 2009. Analysing women's substantive representation: From critical mass to critical actors. Government and
Opposition 44 (2): 12545.
CIA. 2015. CIA World Factbook: Peru. CIA. https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/pe.html
(June 4, 2015).
Citron, Danielle K. 2014. Hate crimes in cyberspace. Harvard University Press.
Claro, Maria E. 2015. La otra cara: Mujeres en la poltica-Ley N 243 Contra el Acoso y Violencia Poltica. Trans.
Mara C. Viscarra, Jessica Echeverria and Melania Torrico. September 5. http://www.ivoox.com/programa-de-radioen-bolivia-la-otra-cara-audios-mp3_rf_7981954_1.html?suggestion=xbynx7Ozu7HBrsOz (September 6, 2015).
Collins, Jennifer N. 2014. New Left Experiences in Bolivia and Ecuador and the Challenge to Theories of Populism.
Journal of Latin American Studies 46 (01): 5986.
Corz, Carlos. 2012. Juana Quispe fue impedida de ejercer 20 meses la concejala. La Razon, April 16.
http://www.la-razon.com/ciudades/seguridad_ciudadana/Juana-Quispe-impedida-ejercerconcejalia_0_1597040308.html (Accessed February 13, 2014).

Crenshaw, Kimberle. 1989. Demarginalizing the intersection of race and sex: A black feminist critique of
antidiscrimination doctrine, feminist theory and antiracist politics. U. Chi. Legal F.: 139.
. 1991. Mapping the margins: Intersectionality, identity politics, and violence against women of color.
Stanford law review: 124199.
Creswell, John W. 2014. Research design: Qualitative, quantitative, and mixed methods approaches. 4th ed.
Thousand Oaks, California: Sage Publications.
Cunningham, David E., and Douglas Lemke. 2015. Beyond Civil War: A Quantitative Examination of Causes of
Violence within Countries. Civil Wars 16 (3): 32845.
Cutts, D., Sarah Childs, and E. Fieldhouse. 2008. `This is What Happens When You Don't Listen': All-Women
Shortlists at the 2005 General Election. Party Politics 14 (5): 57595.
Cyr, Jennifer. 2015. Making or Breaking Politics: Social Conflicts and Party-System Change in Democratic Bolivia.
[English]. Studies in Comparative International Development 50 (3): 283-303. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12116014-9161-3.
. 2015. Making or Breaking Politics: Social Conflicts and Party-System Change in Democratic Bolivia.
[English]. Studies in Comparative International Development 50 (3): 283-303. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12116014-9161-3.
Dahlerup, Drude. 1988. From a small to a large minority: women in Scandinavian politics. Scandinavian Political
Studies 11 (4): 27598.
. 2006. Women, quotas and politics. 1st ed. Vol. 10 of Routledge research in comparative politics. London, New
York: Routledge.
Dahlerup, Drude, and Lenita Freidenvall*. 2005. Quotas as a fast trackto equal representation for women: Why
Scandinavia is no longer the model. International Feminist Journal of Politics 7 (1): 2648.
Dalton, Margarita. 2012. Democracia e igualdad en conflicto: Las presidentas municipales en Oaxaca.
Darby, John. 2012. Political Violence: An Overview. In The Ashgate research companion to political violence.
Ashgate research companion, ed. Marie Breen-Smyth. Farnham, Surrey, Burlington, VT: Ashgate Pub, 1732.
Dargatz, Anja, and Moira Zuazo Oblitas. 2012. Democracias en transformacin: Qu hay de nuevo en los nuevos
estados andinos? 1st ed. La Paz, Bolivia, Quito, Caracas: Friedrich Ebert Stiftung-Bolivia (FES); Fundacin Friedrich
Ebert (FES-ILDIS)-Ecuador; ILDIS-Venezuela.
Davies, Lizzy.
. 2014. Laura Boldrini: the Italian politician rising above the rape threats. The Guardian, February 8.
http://www.theguardian.com/politics/2014/feb/09/laura-boldrini-italian-politician-rape-threats (Accessed February
13, 2014).
DeKeseredy, Walter S. 2000. Current Controversies on Defining Nonlethal Violence Against Women in Intimate
Heterosexual Relationships Empirical Implications. Violence Against Women 6 (7): 72846.
Devine, Patricia, ed. 2012. Advances in Experimental Social Psychology. San Diego: Academic Press [Imprint];
Elsevier Science & Technology Books.
Diaz, Mercedes M. 2005. Representing Women?: Female Legislators in West European Parliaments. ECPR Press.
Dolan, Kathleen A. 1997. Gender Differences in Support for Women Candidates. Women & Politics 17 (2): 2741.
. 2004. Voting for women: How the public evaluates women candidates. Dilemmas in American politics.
Boulder, Colo.: Westview Press.
. 2006. Symbolic mobilization? The impact of candidate sex in American elections. American Politics
Research 34 (6): 687704.
. 2008. Women as candidates in American Politics: The continuing Impact of Sex and Gender. In Political
women and American democracy, eds. Christina Wolbrecht, Karen Beckwith and Lisa Baldez. New York, NY:
Cambridge University Press, 11027.
. 2010. The Impact of Gender Stereotyped Evaluations on Support for Women Candidates. [English]. Political
Behavior 32 (1): 69-88. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11109-009-9090-4.
Dolan, Kathleen A., and Timothy Lynch. 2015. Making the connection?: Attitudes about women in politics and
voting for women candidates. Politics, Groups, and Identities 3 (1): 11132.
Dosh, P., N. Kligerman, and J. Lerager. 2010. Women's Voices on the Executive Council: Popular Organizations and
Resource Battles in Bolivia and Ecuador. Latin American Perspectives 37 (4): 21437.
Dovi, Suzanne. 2002. Preferable descriptive representatives: will just any woman, black, or Latino do? American
Political Science Review 96 (04): 72943.
Eager, Paige W. 2008. From freedom fighters to terrorists: Women and political violence. Aldershot, England,
Burlington, VT: Ashgate.
Eagly, Alice H., and Steven J. Karau. 2002. Role congruity theory of prejudice toward female leaders. Psychological
Review 109 (3): 57398.
Eaton, K. 2014. Recentralization and the Left Turn in Latin America: Diverging Outcomes in Bolivia, Ecuador, and
Venezuela. Comparative Political Studies 47 (8): 113057.
Edsall, Thomas B., and Mary D. Edsall. 1991. Chain reaction: The impact of race, rights, and taxes on American
politics. New York: Norton.

Edwards, Alice. 2011. Violence against women under international human rights law. Cambridge, New York:
Cambridge University Press.
EFE. June 29th, 2013. Mxico: Atentado contra una candidata del PRI provoca muerte de su esposo. Emol, June
29th, 2013. http://www.emol.com/noticias/internacional/2013/06/29/606410/mexico-atentado-contra-unacandidata-del-pri-provoca-muerte-de-su-esposo.html.
Eisenhardt, K. M. 1989. Building Theories from Case Study Research. Academy of Management Review 14 (4):
53250.
El Comercio. 2015. JNE: 4 de cada 10 candidatas es vctima de acoso poltico. El Comercio, March 8.
http://elcomercio.pe/politica/elecciones/jne-4-cada-10-candidatas-victima-acoso-politico-noticia-1796224
(Accessed March 10, 2015).
Elman, Amy R. 2013. Gender Violence. In The Oxford handbook of gender and politics, eds. Georgina Waylen,
Karen Celis, Johana Kantola and S. L. Weldon. Oxford, New York: Oxford University Press, 23658.
Equality Now. 2007. Afghanistan: Peace and Security Undermined: Suspension of Malalai Joya from Parliament.
Equality Now. http://www.equalitynow.org/node/255.
Escalante, Ana C., and Nineth Mendez. 2011. Sistematizacin de experiencias de acoso poltico que viven o han
vivido las mujeres que ocupan puestos de eleccin popular en el nivel local. UN Women.
http://www.americalatinagenera.org/es/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=2130&Itemid=574.
Escobar-Lemmon, Maria, and Michelle M. Taylor-Robinson. 2008. How do Candidate recruitment and selection
process affect the representation of women? In Pathways to power: Political recruitment and candidate
selection in Latin America, eds. Peter Siavelis and Scott Morgenstern. University Park, Pa.: Pennsylvania State
University Press, 34568.
Evangelista, Matthew. 1995. The Paradox of State Strength: Transnational Relations, Domestic Structures, and
Security Policy in Russia and the Soviet Union. International Organization 49 (1): 138.
http://www.jstor.org/stable/2706865.
Fabricant, N. 2010. Between the Romance of Collectivism and the Reality of Individualism: Ayllu Rhetoric in
Bolivia's Landless Peasant Movement. Latin American Perspectives 37 (4): 88107.
Farthing, L. 2010. Controlling State Power: An Interview with Vice President Alvaro Garcia Linera. Latin American
Perspectives 37 (4): 3033.
Farthing, L., and B. Kohl. 2010. Social Control: Bolivia's New Approach to Coca Reduction. Latin American
Perspectives 37 (4): 197213.
Fawole, Olufunmilayo I. 2008. Economic violence to women and girls: is it receiving the necessary attention?
[eng]. Trauma, Violence & Abuse 9 (3): 16777.
Ferree, Myra M. 2004. Soft Repression: Ridicule, Stigma, and Silencing in Gender-Based Movements. In Authority
in contention. vol. 25 of Research in social movements, conflicts and change, eds. Daniel J. Myers and Daniel M.
Cress. Amsterdam, Oxford: Elsevier, 85101.
FIDA. 2013. Key Gains and Challenges A Gender Audit of Kenyas 2013 Election Process. FIDA.
http://fidakenya.org/wp-content/uploads/2012/11/ELECTIONS-GENDER-AUDIT-2013_FIDA-KENYA.pdf (June 24th,
2014).
Flores Vsquez, Jess, Iblin Herbas Cuevas, and Francisca Huanca Aliaga. 2007. Mujeres y movimientos sociales en
El Alto: Fronteras entre la participacin poltica y la vida cotidiana / Jess Flores Vsquez, Iblin Herbas Cuevas,
Francisca Huanca Aliaga. no. 6 of Investigaciones regionales El Alto. La Paz: PIEB.
Fowler, Will, and Peter Lambert. 2006. Political violence and the construction of national identity in Latin America.
New York: Palgrave Macmillan.
Fox, Richard L., and Jennifer L. Lawless. 2004. Entering the arena? Gender and the decision to run for office.
American Journal of Political Science 48 (2): 26480.
. 2010. If only theyd ask: Gender, recruitment, and political ambition. The Journal of Politics 72 (02): 310
26.
Franceschet, Susan, Mona L. Krook, and Jennifer M. Piscopo. 2012. The impact of gender quotas. New York: Oxford
University Press.
Franceschet, Susan, and Jennifer M. Piscopo. 2008. Gender quotas and women's substantive representation:
lessons from Argentina. Politics & Gender 4 (03): 393425.
. 2013. Equality, Democracy, and the Broadening and Deepening of Gender Quotas. Politics & Gender 9
(03): 31016.
Franceschet, Susan, Jennifer M. Piscopo, and GWYNN THOMAS. 2015. Supermadres, Maternal Legacies and
Women's Political Participation in Contemporary Latin America. Journal of Latin American Studies: 132.
Fregoso, Rosa L., and Cynthia L. Bejarano, eds. 2010. Terrorizing women: Feminicide in the Amricas. Durham [NC]:
Duke University Press.
Frykberg, Mel. 2012. Libya and Tunisia: Elections a Double-Edged Sword for Women. Vision News.
http://www.visionews.net/libya-elections-a-double-edged-sword-for-women/.
Galtung, J. 1990. Cultural Violence. Journal of Peace Research 27 (3): 291305.
Garcia Linera, A. 2010. The State in Transition: Power Bloc and Point of Bifurcation. Latin American Perspectives
37 (4): 3447.

Genero INE. 2012. Violencia poltica contra las mujeres, conceptos de Luca Melgar. November 23.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fm84bcSDyw8 (January 5, 2015).
George, Alexander L., and Andrew Bennett. 2005. Case studies and theory development in the social sciences.
BCSIA studies in international security. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press.
Gillies, David. 2011. Elections in dangerous places: Democracy and the paradoxes of peacebuilding. Montral:
McGill-Queen's University Press.
Goitia Caballero, Carlos A. 2012. Constitucin poltica y justicia indgena originaria campesina: Potestades de
generacin normativa y administracin de justicia. 1st ed. La Paz: Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung.
Golden, Heather, Steve Hinkle, and Faye Crosby. 2001. Reactions to Affirmative Action: Substance and Semantics.
Journal of Applied Social Psychology 31 (1): 7388.
Gonzales Salas, Ins. 2013. Biografas: Historias de vida en la Asamblea Legislativa Plurinacional. La Paz: ERBOL;
IDEA, International Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance; Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs;
Friedrich Ebert Stiftung; Editorial Gente Comn.
Graham-Harrison, Emma. 2013. Female Afghan MP kidnapped. The Guardian, August 15.
http://www.theguardian.com/world/2013/aug/15/female-afghan-mp-kidnapped.
. 2014. Fawzia Koofi: 'The leadership turns off our microphones when we speak'. The Guardian, February 8.
http://www.theguardian.com/politics/2014/feb/09/fawzia-koofi-afghanistan-mp-turn-off-microphones (Accessed
February 13, 2014).
Green, Donald P., Laurence H. McFalls, and Jennifer K. Smith. 2001. Hate crime: An emergent research agenda.
Annual Review of Sociology: 479504.
Gustafson, B. 2010. When States Act Like Movements: Dismantling Local Power and Seating Sovereignty in PostNeoliberal Bolivia. Latin American Perspectives 37 (4): 4866.
Hagopian, Frances, and Scott Mainwaring. 2005. The third wave of democratization in Latin America: Advances and
setbacks. Cambridge, New York: Cambridge University Press.
Hallett, Nicole. 2009. The Evolution of Gender Crimes in International Law. In Plight and fate of women during and
following genocide. v. 7 of Genocide, ed. Samuel Totten. New Brunswick: Transaction Publishers, 183203.
Harris, Rafael S. 2008. Racial microaggression? How do you know? [eng]. The American psychologist 63 (4): 2756; discussion 277-9.
Harway, Michele, James M. O'Neil, and Joseph R. Biden, eds. 1999. What causes men's violence against women?
Domestic Violence Ser. Thousand Oaks, Calif.: Sage Publications.
Hawkesworth, Mary. 1999. Analyzing backlash: feminist standpoint theory as analytical tool. Women's Studies
International Forum 22 (2): 13555. https://login.proxy.libraries.rutgers.edu/login?
url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=apn&AN=ALTP113044&site=eds-live.
. 2003. Congressional enactments of racegender: Toward a theory of racedgendered institutions.
American Political Science Review 97 (04): 52950.
. 2005. Engendering political science: An immodest proposal. Politics & Gender 1 (01): 14156.
Heilman, Madeline E. 2001. Description and Prescription: How Gender Stereotypes Prevent Women's Ascent Up the
Organizational Ladder. Journal of Social Issues 57 (4): 65774.
Herrera, Morena, Mitzy Arias, and Sara Garca. 2012. Hostilidad y Violencia Poltica: Develando Realidades de
Mujeres Autoridades Municipales. Sistematizacin de experiencias de violencia poltica que viven mujeres
electas en Gobiernos Municipales en El Salvador. Santo Domingo: UN Women.
Hester, Marianne, Liz Kelly, and Jill Radford. 1996. Women, violence, and male power: Feminist activism, research,
and practice. Buckingham, Philadelphia: Open University Press.
Hglund, Kristine. 2009. Electoral Violence in Conflict-Ridden Societies: Concepts, Causes, and Consequences.
Terrorism and Political Violence 21 (3): 41227.
Horan, Haley, Rossana Andia, Bahar Salimova, and IKNOW Politics. 2007. Consolidated Reply e-disccussion:
Elimitating Violence Against Women in Politics. IKNOW Politics. http://iknowpolitics.org/sites/default/files/evawipediscussion-iknowpolitics2007-summary.pdf.
Howard, R. 2010. Language, Signs, and the Performance of Power: The Discursive Struggle over Decolonization in
the Bolivia of Evo Morales. Latin American Perspectives 37 (3): 17694.
Hoyos, Maria P., and Et Al. 2014. Mujeres Muy Polticas, Mujeres Muy Pblicas. Bogota: Friedrich Ebert Stiftung,
FES Comunicacin. http://www.fesmedia-latin-america.org/inicio/publicaciones/mujeres-muy-politicas-mujeresmuy-publicas/ (January 12, 2015).
Htun, Mala. 2003. Sex and the State: Abortion, divorce, and the family under Latin American dictatorships and
democracies. Cambridge, UK, New York: Cambridge University Press.
Htun, Mala, and S. L. Weldon. 2010. When Do Governments Promote Women's Rights? A Framework for the
Comparative Analysis of Sex Equality Policy. Perspectives on Politics 8 (1): 20716.
http://www.jstor.org/stable/25698527.
. 2012. The Civic Origins of Progressive Policy Change: Combating Violence against Women in Global
Perspective, 19752005. American Political Science Review 106 (03): 54869.
Hughes, Melanie M. 2009. Armed Conflict, International Linkages, and Women's Parliamentary Representation in
Developing Nations. Social Problems 56 (1): 174204.

Humphreys Bebbington, D., and A. Bebbington. 2010. Anatomy of a Regional Conflict: Tarija and Resource
Grievances in Morales's Bolivia. Latin American Perspectives 37 (4): 14060.
IDEA. October 4th, 2007. Declaration opposing violence against women in politics in South-Asia. IDEA.
Incer Brenes, Graciela. 2014. Gobernando como gatas panza arriba: manifestaciones de acoso poltico en contra de
las mujeres costarricenses durante el acceso y el ejercicio del poder. Costa Rica: Fundacion Konrad Adenauer.
2013.
Instituto Nacional de las Mujeres. 2011. Plan de accin 2012 2014 de la Poltica Nacional para la Igualdad y
Equidad de Gnero. San Jose: Instituto Nacional de las Mujeres. http://www.unfpa.or.cr/documentos-ypublicaciones-14/genero/92-plan-de-accion-politica-igualdad-y-equidad-de-genero-2012-2014-inamu/file (January
7, 2015).
IPU. 2015. Women in National Parliaments Statistical Archive. Interparliamentary Union. http://www.ipu.org/wmne/classif-arc.htm (April 20, 2015).
Jarqun Edgar, Soledad. 2004. Asesinan a Candidata Perredista en Oaxaca. Cimac.
http://www.cimacnoticias.com.mx/node/32747.
Jones, Adam. 2012. Genocide as Political Violence. In The Ashgate research companion to political violence.
Ashgate research companion, ed. Marie Breen-Smyth. Farnham, Surrey, Burlington, VT: Ashgate Pub, 32946.
Jones, Mark P. 1998. Gender Quotas, Electoral Laws, and the Election of Women Lessons from the Argentine
Provinces. Comparative Political Studies 31 (1): 321.
. 2008. Gender quotas, electoral laws, and the election of women: Evidence from the Latin American
vanguard. Comparative Political Studies.
Jones, Mark P., and Patricio Navia. 1999. Assessing the effectiveness of gender quotas in open-list proportional
representation electoral systems. Social Science Quarterly: 34155.
Jones, Sam. July 29th, 2013. Labour MP Stella Creasy Receives Twitter rape threats. The Guardian, July 29th, 2013.
http://www.theguardian.com/technology/2013/jul/29/labour-mp-stella-creasy-twitter-rape-threats (Accessed June
22nd, 2014k).
Jost, John T., and Aaron C. Kay. 2005. Exposure to benevolent sexism and complementary gender stereotypes:
consequences for specific and diffuse forms of system justification. [eng]. Journal of personality and social
psychology 88 (3): 498509.
Kabeer, Naila. 2005. Gender equality and women's empowerment: A critical analysis of the third millennium
development goal 1. Gender & Development 13 (1): 1324.
Kalyvas, Stathis N. 2003. The Ontology of "Political Violence": Actions and Identity in Civil Wars. Perspectives on
Politics (3): 47594. http://journals.cambridge.org.proxy.libraries.rutgers.edu/article_S1537592703000355.
Kanthak, Kristin, and George A. Krause. 2012. The diversity paradox: Political parties, legislatures, and the
organizational foundations of representation in America. New York: Oxford University Press.
Kaufmann, Karen M. 2002. Culture wars, secular realignment, and the gender gap in party identification. Political
Behavior 24 (3): 283307.
Kaup, B. Z. 2010. A Neoliberal Nationalization?: The Constraints on Natural-Gas-Led Development in Bolivia. Latin
American Perspectives 37 (3): 12338.
Kellow, Tim. 2010. Women, Elections and Violence in West Africa: Assessing womens political participation in
Liberia and Sierra Leone. International Alert. http://www.internationalalert.org/sites/default/files/publications/201012WomenElectionsViolenceWestAfrica.pdf.
Kelly, Liz. 1988. How women define their experiences of violence. In Feminist perspectives on wife abuse. Sage
focus editions, eds. Kersti Yllo and Michele L. Bograd. Newbury Park, Calif.: Sage Publications.
Kenny, Meryl. 2007. Gender, Institutions and Power: A Critical Review. Politics 27 (2): 91100.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-9256.2007.00284.x.
Kilpatrick, Dean G. 2004. What is violence against women: defining and measuring the problem. [eng]. Journal of
interpersonal violence 19 (11): 120934.
Kington, Tom. 2013. Italy's first black minister: I had bananas thrown at me but I'm here to stay. The Guardian,
September 7. http://www.theguardian.com/world/2013/sep/08/cecile-kyenge-quest-for-tolerance.
Kirshner, J. 2010. Migrants' Voices: Negotiating Autonomy in Santa Cruz. Latin American Perspectives 37 (4): 108
24.
Kittilson, Miki C. 2006. Challenging parties, changing parliaments: Women and elected office in contemporary
Western Europe. Ohio State University Press.
Koch, Julie. 2006. Collectivism or Isolation?: Gender Relations in Urban La Paz, Bolivia. Bulletin of Latin American
Research 25 (1): 4362.
Kohl, B., and R. Bresnahan. 2010. Bolivia under Morales: Consolidating Power, Initiating Decolonization. Latin
American Perspectives 37 (3): 517.
. 2010. Introduction Bolivia under Morales: National Agenda, Regional Challenges, and the Struggle for
Hegemony. Latin American Perspectives 37 (4): 520.
Koonings, Kees, and Dirk Kruijt, eds. 1999. Societies of fear: The legacy of civil war, violence and terror in Latin
America. London, New York: Zed Books.

Krais, Beate. 1993. Gender and Symbolic Violence. In Bourdieu: Critical perspectives, eds. Pierre Bourdieu, Craig J.
Calhoun, Edward LiPuma and Moishe Postone. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 15677.
Krook, Mona L. 2009. Quotas for women in politics: Gender and candidate selection reform worldwide. Oxford, New
York: Oxford University Press.
. 2015. Empowerment versus backlash: Gender quotas and critical mass theory. Politics, Groups, and
Identities 3 (1): 18488.
. 2015. Gender and Elections: Temporary Special Measures Beyond Quotas. Vol. 4 of Conflict Prevention and
Peace Forum: Working Papers in Women and Politics. Social Sciences Research Council.
Krook, Mona L., and Sarah Childs. 2010. Women, gender, and politics: A reader. Oxford, New York: Oxford University
Press.
Krook, Mona L., and Juliana Restrepo Sanin. 2014. Violence against Women in Politics: Concepts and Policy
Solutions. APSA Annual Meeting, Washington D.C. August 28-31 2014.
. Forthcoming 2016. Gender and Political Violence in Latin America: Concepts, Debates, and Solutions.
Poltica y Gobierno XXIII (1).
Krook, Mona L., and Jacqui True. 2012. Rethinking the life cycles of international norms: The United Nations and the
global promotion of gender equality. European Journal of International Relations 18 (1): 10327.
La Patria. August 28th, 2013. Concejala renuncia por acoso y violencia poltica. La Patria, August 28th, 2013.
http://lapatriaenlinea.com/?nota=155344.
Lamas, Marta, and Azuela Maite. 2009. Con la cultura en contra: Algunas consideraciones sobre los obstculos que
las mexicanas enfrentan para ejercer sus derechos poltico-electorales. In Gnero y derechos polticos: La
proteccin jurisdiccional de los derechos poltico-electorales de las mujeres en Mxico. 2009th ed., eds. Karina
Ansolabehere Sesti, Daniela Cerva Cerna and Enrique Ochoa Reza. Mxico: Tribunal Electoral del Poder Judicial
de la Federacin, 2973.
Lambert, Peter. 2012. National Identity, Conflict and Political Violence: Experiences in Latin America. In The
Ashgate research companion to political violence. Ashgate research companion, ed. Marie Breen-Smyth.
Farnham, Surrey, Burlington, VT: Ashgate Pub, 28199.
Lawless, Jennifer L., and Richard L. Fox. 2005. It takes a candidate: Why women don't run for office. Cambridge,
New York: Cambridge University Press.
. 2010. It still takes a candidate: Why women don't run for office. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Lawrence, Regina G., and Melody Rose. 2010. Hillary Clinton's race for the White House: Gender politics and the
media on the campaign trail. Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner Publishers.
Leech, Beth L. 2002. Asking questions: techniques for semistructured interviews. Political Science & Politics 35
(04): 66568.
. 2002. Interview methods in political science. Political Science & Politics 35 (04): 66364.
Len de Leal, Magdalena, and Lisa Baldez. 2005. Nadando contra la corriente: Mujeres y cuotas polticas en los
pases andinos. Quito, Bogot, Lima, La Paz, Quito: UNIFEM; UNFPA; Universidad Nacional, Escuela de Estudios
de Gnero; Instituto de Estudios Peruanos; CIDEM; FLACSO Ecuador.
Lerager, J. 2010. Taking the High Road: On the Campaign Trail with Evo Morales. Latin American Perspectives 37
(4): 2129.
Levitsky, Steven, and Kenneth M. Roberts. 2011. The resurgence of the Latin American left. Baltimore: Johns
Hopkins University Press.
Lies, Elaine. June 20th, 2014. Japanese officials on Friday condemned the heckling of a woman member of Tokyo's
city assembly, during a debate on support for working mothers, by male members who ridiculed her and called
on her to get married. MSN News, June 20th, 2014. http://news.msn.com/world/outrage-in-japan-as-womanlawmaker-jeered-for-being-single-childless.
Lombardo, Emanuela, and Petra Meier. The symbolic representation of gender: an introduction.
Lovenduski, Joni, and Claudie Baudino. 2005. State feminism and political representation. Cambridge, New York:
Cambridge University Press.
Lowndes, Vivien. 2004. Getting On or Getting By?: Women, Social Capital and Political Participation. The British
Journal of Politics and International Relations 6 (1): 4564.
Machiao, Nelson. 2012. Estudio de Caso en Bolivia: Violencia Poltica en Razn de Gnero.
http://www.americalatinagenera.org/es/index.php?
option=com_docman&task=doc_download&gid=2154&Itemid=.
Machicao Barbery, Ximena. 2004. Acoso Poltico: Un Tema Urgente que Afrontar. La Paz.
. 2011. Participacin poltica de las mujeres: Acoso y violencia poltica. Gloobal: Red de Salud de las Mujeres
Latinoamericanas y del Caribe. http://www.gloobal.net/iepala/gloobal/fichas/ficha.php?
id=15617&entidad=Textos&html=1 (January 5, 2015).
Mackay, Fiona, and Mona L. Krook. 2011. Gender, politics and institutions: Towards a feminist institutionalism.
Gender and politics. Basingstoke, New York: Palgrave Macmillan.
MacKinnon, Catharine A. 1979. Sexual harassment of working women: A case of sex discrimination. New Haven:
Yale University Press.
. 1989. Toward a feminist theory of the state. Harvard University Press.

Mainwaring, Scott, and Matthew S. Shugart. 1997. Presidentialism and democracy in Latin America. Cambridge
studies in comparative politics. Cambridge, New York: Cambridge University Press.
Malterud, Kirsti. 2001. Qualitative research: Standards, challenges, and guidelines. The Lancet 358 (9280): 483
88.
Mansbridge, Jane. 1999. Should blacks represent blacks and women represent women? A contingent yes. The
Journal of Politics 61 (03): 62857.
. 2003. Rethinking representation. American Political Science Review 97 (04): 51528.
Mansbridge, Jane, and Shauna L. Shames. 2008. Toward a Theory of Backlash: Dynamic Resistance and the Central
Role of Power. Politics & Gender 4 (04): 623.
Mansbridge, Jane J., and Aldon Morris. 2001. Oppositional consciousness: The subjective roots of social protest.
University of Chicago Press.
Marco Navarro, Flavia. 2013. La poltica de paridad y alternancia de gnero en los rganos de eleccin del Estado
Plurinacional de Bolivia y en las instancias polticas intermedias:. CEPAL and Observatorio de Igualdad de
Gnero de Amrica Latina y el Caribe.
http://www.cepal.org/oig/noticias/noticias/3/49723/politica_de_paridad_y_alternancia_en_bolivia.pdf (April 26,
2015).
Marin, Amy J., and Nancy Felipe Russo. 1999. Feminist Perspectives on Male Violence Against Women. In What
causes men's violence against women? Domestic Violence Ser, eds. Michele Harway, James M. O'Neil and Joseph
R. Biden. Thousand Oaks, Calif.: Sage Publications, 1835.
Matland, Richard E. 1998. Women's representation in national legislatures: Developed and developing countries.
Legislative Studies Quarterly: 10925.
Matland, Richard E., and Donley T. Studlar. 1996. The contagion of women candidates in single-member district
and proportional representation electoral systems: Canada and Norway. The Journal of Politics 58 (03): 70733.
McGurn Centellas, K. 2010. The Localism of Bolivian Science: Tradition, Policy, and Projects. Latin American
Perspectives 37 (3): 16075.
McLaughlin, Heather, Christopher Uggen, and Amy Blackstone. 2012. Sexual harassment, workplace authority, and
the paradox of power. American sociological review 77 (4): 62547.
McPhail, B. A. 2002. Gender-bias hate crimes: a review. Trauma, Violence & Abuse 3 (2): 12543.
https://login.proxy.libraries.rutgers.edu/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?
direct=true&db=c8h&AN=2002115400&site=eds-live.
Medina Espino, Adriana. 2013. Notas sobre la Violence contra las mueres en la esfera poltica en Mxico. CEAMEG,
Cmara de Diputados, LXII Legislatura.
http://archivos.diputados.gob.mx/Centros_Estudio/ceameg/ET_2013/22_NSVCM.pdf.
Meier, Petra. 2008. A Gender Gap Not Closed by Quotas. International Feminist Journal of Politics 10 (3): 32947.
Mendonca Cunha, C., and R. Santaella Goncalves. 2010. The National Development Plan as a Political Economic
Strategy in Evo Morales's Bolivia: Accomplishments and Limitations. Latin American Perspectives 37 (4): 177
96.
Mendoza Frisch, Veronika Fanny. 2012. Ley contra el acoso poltico hacia las mujeres.
Migiro, Katy. February 20th, 2013. Cash, sexism and violence keep women out of Kenyan politics. Reuters,
February 20th, 2013. http://www.reuters.com/article/2013/02/20/us-kenya-elections-womenidUSBRE91J0KO20130220.
Miller, Lisa L. 2013. Power to the people: Violent victimization, inequality and democratic politics. Theoretical
Criminology 17 (3): 283313.
. 2015. Whats violence got to do with it? Inequality, punishment, and state failure in US politics.
Punishment & Society 17 (2): 184210.
Morgan, Jana, and Melissa Buice. 2013. Latin American Attitudes toward Women in Politics: The Influence of Elite
Cues, Female Advancement, and Individual Characteristics. American Political Science Review 107 (04): 64462.
Morris, Zo S. 2009. The Truth about Interviewing Elites. Politics 29 (3): 20917.
Morsch, James. 1991. The Problem of Motive in Hate Crimes: The Argument against Presumptions of Racial
Motivation. The Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology (1973-) 82 (3): 65989.
http://www.jstor.org/stable/1143748.
Moser, Caroline O. N, and Fiona C. Clark. 2001. Victims, perpetrators or actors?: Gender, armed conflict and political
violence. London, New York: Zed Books.
Muoz-Pogossian, Betilde. The Role of International Electoral Observation Missions in the Promotion of the Political
Rights of Women: The Case of the OAS.
Murray, Rainbow. 2010. Parties, gender quotas and candidate selection in France. French politics, society and
culture series. Basingstoke [England], New York: Palgrave Macmillan.
Myers, Daniel J., and Daniel M. Cress, eds. 2004. Authority in contention. vol. 25 of Research in social movements,
conflicts and change. Amsterdam, Oxford: Elsevier.
National Democratic Institute. April 12th, 2012. Political Parties in Sierra Leone Pledge Open, Safe, Inclusive
Elections. April 12th, 2012. https://www.ndi.org/sierra-leone-code-of-conduct (Accessed June 25th, 2014).
. 2014. Violence Against Women in Politics Factsheet. National Democratic Institute.

. 2015. NDI Launches Global Campaign To Address Violence Against Women In Elections. National
Democratic Institute. https://www.ndi.org/violence_against_women_elections (May 6, 2015).
Niven, David. 1998. Party elites and women candidates: The shape of bias. Women & Politics 19 (2): 5780.
Norris, Pippa, Richard W. Frank, and Ferran Martnez i Coma, eds. Advancing electoral integrity.
Nugent, M. K., and M. L. Krook. 2015. All-Women Shortlists: Myths and Realities. Parliamentary Affairs.
O'Leary, K. D. 1999. Psychological abuse: A variable deserving critical attention in domestic violence. Violence
and victims 14 (1): 323.
Oltermann, Philip. February 8th, 2014. Kirsten Lhmann: 'Ever read an article about Helmut Kohl's dress sense?'.
The Guardian, February 8th, 2014. http://www.theguardian.com/politics/2014/feb/09/kirsten-luhmann-germanyspd-helmut-kohl-dress-sense.
O'Neill, Brenda L., and Elisabeth Gidengil, eds. 2006. Gender and social capital. Gender politics, global issues. New
York: Routledge.
Oosterveld, Valerie. 2009. Prosecution of Gender-Based Acts of Genocide under International Law. In Plight and
fate of women during and following genocide. v. 7 of Genocide, ed. Samuel Totten. New Brunswick: Transaction
Publishers, 20518.
Organization of American States, CIM. 2015. Political Violence against Women in the framework of the Belm do
Par Convention Experts Meeting. Washington D.C.
. 2015. Political Violence against Women in the framework of the Belm do Par Convention. Experts'
Meeting. Trans. Susana Villarn. Washington D.C. February 25.
Oviedo Obarrio, F. 2010. Evo Morales and the Altiplano: Notes for an Electoral Geography of the Movimiento al
Socialismo, 2002--2008. Latin American Perspectives 37 (3): 91106.
Palmieri, Sonia. 2011. Gender-Sensitive Parliaments: A Global Review of Good Practice. IPU.
http://www.ipu.org/pdf/publications/gsp11-e.pdf.
Paulson, Susan, and Pamela Calla. 2000. Gender and Ethnicity in Bolivian Politics: Transformation or Paternalism?
Journal of Latin American Anthropology 5 (2): 11249.
Paxton, P., Melanie M. Hughes, and J. L. Green. 2006. The International Women's Movement and Women's Political
Representation, 1893-2003. American sociological review 71 (6): 898920.
Paxton, Pamela, Melanie M. Hughes, and Jennifer L. Green. 2006. The International Women's Movement and
Women's Political Representation, 1893-2003. American sociological review 71 (6): 898920.
http://www.jstor.org/stable/25472436.
Paxton, Pamela M., and Melanie M. Hughes. 2014. Women, politics, and power: A global perspective. Sociology for a
new century series. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.
Pena Claros, C. 2010. Un pueblo eminente: Autonomist Populism in Santa Cruz. Latin American Perspectives 37
(4): 12539.
Perry, Barbara. 2001. In the name of hate: Understanding hate crimes. New York: Routledge.
Phelan, Julie E., and Laurie A. Rudman. 2010. Prejudice Toward Female Leaders: Backlash Effects and Womens
Impression Management Dilemma. Social and Personality Psychology Compass 4 (10): 80720.
Phillips, Anne. 1995. The politics of presence. Oxford political theory. Oxford, New York: Clarendon Press; Oxford
University Press.
Pilch, Frances T. 2009. Rape as Genocide. In Plight and fate of women during and following genocide. v. 7 of
Genocide, ed. Samuel Totten. New Brunswick: Transaction Publishers, 16982.
Piscopo, Jennifer M. 2011. Rethinking descriptive representation: Rendering women in legislative debates.
Parliamentary Affairs: gsq061.
. 2015. States as Gender Equality Activists: The Evolution of Quota Laws in Latin America. Latin American
Politics and Society 57 (3): 2749. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1548-2456.2015.00278.x.
Pitkin, Hanna F. 1967. The concept of representation. Berkeley: University of California Press.
Plumm, Karyn M., and Cheryl A. Terrance. 2013. Gender-bias hate crimes: what constitutes a hate crime from a
potential juror's perspective? Journal of Applied Social Psychology 43 (7): 146879.
Postero, N. 2010. Morales's MAS Government: Building Indigenous Popular Hegemony in Bolivia. Latin American
Perspectives 37 (3): 1834.
Pozo, Maria E. 2014. Seminario "Mujeres en la vida poltica: El gran cambio en los ltimos 50 aos" Acoso y
Violencia Poltica a las Mujeres: El Caso Boliviano: Quieren que yo directamente alce la mano, sin la voz de
palabra. Universidad Mayor de San Simn, Cochabamba, Bolivia.
Prentice, Deborah A., and Erica Carranza. 2002. What Women and Men Should Be, Shouldn't Be, Are Allowed to Be,
and Don't Have to Be: The Contents of Prescriptive Gender Stereotypes. Psychology of Women Quarterly 26 (4):
26981.
Ptacek, James. 1988. Why do men batter their wives? In Feminist perspectives on wife abuse. Sage focus editions,
eds. Kersti Yllo and Michele L. Bograd. Newbury Park, Calif.: Sage Publications, 13357.
Puwar, Nirmal. 2004. Space invaders: Race, gender and bodies out of place. Oxford, New York: Berg.
Quintanilla, Tammy. 2012. Documento de Trabajo: Propuesta de Iniciativa Legislativa Sobre Acoso Poltico a Mujeres
Autoridades. RENAMA, Flora Tristn, Calandria, Manuela Ramos, Diakonia. https://www.google.com/url?

sa=t&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=web&cd=2&cad=rja&uact=8&ved=0CCwQFjAB&url=http%3A%2F
%2Fiknowpolitics.org%2Fsites%2Fdefault%2Ffiles
%2Fpropuesta_de_proyecto_de_ley_sobre_el_acoso_politico_hacia_las_mujeresversion_fianal.pdf&ei=SXWoU_jB7HLsAT9vIKwDw&usg=AFQjCNEP00G5cebDG63hG5ym0rV8ckk1w&sig2=9sRDZMBwom668kvj2yZYmg&bvm=bv.69411363,d.cWc.
. 2012. Estudio sobre el Acoso Politico Hacia las Mujeres en el Per. Lima.
Ramirez, Francisco O., Yasemin Soysal, and Suzanne Shanahan. 1997. The Changing Logic of Political Citizenship:
Cross-National Acquisition of Women's Suffrage Rights, 1890 to 1990. American sociological review 62 (5): 735
45. http://www.jstor.org/stable/2657357.
Ramtohul, Ramola. Forthcoming. An Analysis of the Gender Deficit of the Mauritian Democracy. In Africas
Checkered Democracy: Institutions, Participation and Accountability, ed. Said Adejumobi. New York: Palgrave
Macmillan.
Reid, Michael. 2009. Forgotten continent: The battle for Latin America's soul. New Haven, CT, London: Yale
University Press.
Reinharz, Shulamit, and Lynn Davidman. 1992. Feminist methods in social research. Oxford University Press.
Relea, Francesc. 2008. La Rebelion se llama Eufrosina Cruz. El Pais, February 10.
http://elpais.com/diario/2008/02/10/internacional/1202598001_850215.html (Accessed December 29, 2014).
Richards, David L., and Jillienne Haglund. 2015. Violence against women and the law. International studies
intensives book series. Paradigm.
. 2015. How laws around the world do and do not protect women from violence. The Washington Post,
February 11. http://www.washingtonpost.com/blogs/monkey-cage/wp/2015/02/11/how-laws-around-the-world-doand-do-not-protect-women-from-violence/ (Accessed February 15, 2015).
Roberts, K. M. 2013. Market Reform, Programmatic (De)alignment, and Party System Stability in Latin America.
Comparative Political Studies 46 (11): 142252.
Romero, Laura. July 8th, 2011. Incipientes avances en materia de representacin poltica femenina. July 8th, 2011.
Cimac TV.
Rosenthal, Cindy S. 1995. The role of gender in descriptive representation. Political Research Quarterly 48 (3):
599611.
. 1998. When women lead: Integrative leadership in state legislatures. New York: Oxford University Press.
, ed. 2002. Women transforming Congress. v. 4 of Congressional studies series. Norman, OK: University of
Oklahoma Press.
Roulston, Kathryn. 2010. Reflective interviewing: A guide to theory and practice. Los Angeles: Sage Publications.
Rousseau, Stphanie, and Anahi Hudon Morales. 2015. Paths towards Autonomy in Indigenous Women's
Movements: Mexico, Peru, Bolivia. Journal of Latin American Studies: 128.
Rudman, Laurie A., and Peter Glick. 2001. Prescriptive Gender Stereotypes and Backlash Toward Agentic Women.
Journal of Social Issues 57 (4): 74362.
Rudman, Laurie A., Corinne A. Moss-Racusin, Peter Glick, and Julie E. Phelan. 2012. Reactions to Vanguards:
Advances In Backlash Theory. In Advances in Experimental Social Psychology, ed. Patricia Devine. San Diego:
Academic Press [Imprint]; Elsevier Science & Technology Books, 167227.
Rudman, Laurie A., Corinne A. Moss-Racusin, Julie E. Phelan, and Sanne Nauts. 2012. Status incongruity and
backlash effects: Defending the gender hierarchy motivates prejudice against female leaders. Journal of
Experimental Social Psychology 48 (1): 16579.
Rudman, Laurie A., and Julie E. Phelan. 2008. Backlash effects for disconfirming gender stereotypes in
organizations. Research in Organizational Behavior 28: 6179.
Rule, Wilma. 1987. Electoral systems, contextual factors and women's opportunity for election to parliament in
twenty-three democracies. The Western Political Quarterly: 47798.
Sajjad, Tazreena. 2009. The Post-Genocidal Period and Its Impact on Women. In Plight and fate of women during
and following genocide. v. 7 of Genocide, ed. Samuel Totten. New Brunswick: Transaction Publishers, 21947.
Sanbonmatsu, Kira. 2002. Political Parties and the Recruitment of Women to State Legislatures. The Journal of
Politics 64 (03).
. 2003. Gender-related political knowledge and the descriptive representation of women. Political Behavior
25 (4): 36788.
. 2006. Where women run: Gender and party in the American states. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press.
Santivez Beltrn, Rodolfo. 2002. Programas para incrementar la participacin ciudadana en la gestin
parlamentaria: Experiencias, 2000-2002. 1st ed. [La Paz, Bolivia]: H. Cmara de Diputados; Friedrich Ebert
Stiftung, Instituto Latinoamericano de Investigaciones Sociales (FES-ILDIS), Unidad de Apoyo a la Gestin
Parlamentaria.
SAP International. 2006. Violence Against Women in Politics Surveillance System. Lalitpur, Nepal.
. 2007. Invisible faces of violence on women in politics: Breaking the silence. Lalitpur: South Asia Partnership
International.
, ed. 2008. 2nd South Asian Regional Conference on Violence Against Women in Politics.: Combating Violence
Against Women in Politics: Revisiting Policies, Politics and Participation.

Senado de la Repblica, LXII Legislatura. 2013. Dictamen de las Comisiones Unidas para la Igualdad de Gnero y de
Estudios Legislativos, Segunda, Relativo a la Iniciativa con Proyecto de Decreto por el que se Reforman y
Adicionan Diversas Disposiciones a la Ley General de Acceso de las Mujeres a Una Vida Libre de Violencia y al
Cdigo Federal de Instituciones y Procedimientos Electorales. Gaceta del Senado.
Shepherd, Laura J. 2012. Introduction: Rethinking Gender, Agency and Political Violence. In Gender, agency and
political violence. Rethinking political violence series, eds. Linda Ahll and Laura J. Shepherd. Houndmills,
Basingstoke, Hampshire, New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 115.
Shepherd, Tory. 2014. More women turning off politics after Julia Gillard was badly treated. The Advertiser, January
14. http://www.adelaidenow.com.au/news/south-australia/more-women-turning-off-politics-after-julia-gillard-wasbadly-treated/story-fni6uo1m-1226801892247.
Siavelis, Peter, and Scott Morgenstern, eds. 2008. Pathways to power: Political recruitment and candidate selection
in Latin America. University Park, Pa.: Pennsylvania State University Press.
Silva, Eduardo. 2013. Social movements, policy, and conflict in post-neoliberal latin america: Bolivia in the time of
evo morales. In Voices of Globalization. Research in Political Sociology, ed. Barbara Wejnert. Emerald Group
Publishing Limited, 5176.
Simmons, Beth A., and Zachary Elkins. 2004. The Globalization of Liberalization: Policy Diffusion in the
International Political Economy. The American Political Science Review 98 (1): 17189.
http://www.jstor.org/stable/4145304.
Sjoberg, Laura. 2012. Feminist Reflections on Political Violence. In The Ashgate research companion to political
violence. Ashgate research companion, ed. Marie Breen-Smyth. Farnham, Surrey, Burlington, VT: Ashgate Pub,
26179.
Smith, Helena. 2012. Golden Dawn MP's live TV assault shocks Greece. June 7.
http://www.theguardian.com/world/2012/jun/07/golden-dawn-tv-assault-greece (Accessed May 8, 2012).
Smulovitz, Catalina. 2015. Legal Inequality and Federalism: Domestic Violence Laws in the Argentine Provinces.
Latin American Politics and Society 57 (3): 126.
Snow, David A., Donatella Della Porta, and Bert Klandermans. op. 2013. The Wiley-Blackwell encyclopedia of social
and political movements. Wiley-Blackwell encyclopedias in social science. Malden, Mass.: Wiley.
Stark, Evan. 2007. Coercive control: The entrapment of women in personal life. Interpersonal violence. Oxford, New
York: Oxford University Press.
Strolovitch, Dara Z. 2007. Affirmative advocacy: Race, class, and gender in interest group politics. Chicago:
University of Chicago Press.
Surez Coronel, Elsa, and Ridher Snchez Andrade. 2007. Mujeres en el municipio: Participacin poltica de
concejalas de Cochabamba. n. 2 of Investigaciones regionales. Cochabamba. La Paz, Bolivia, Cochabamba,
Bolivia: Fundacin PIEB; CESU; DICYT-UMSS.
Sue, Derald W., Christina M. Capodilupo, Kevin L. Nadal, and Gina C. Torino. 2008. Racial microaggressions and the
power to define reality. American Psychologist 63 (4): 27779.
Sue, Derald W., Christina M. Capodilupo, Gina C. Torino, Jennifer M. Bucceri, Aisha M. B. Holder, Kevin L. Nadal, and
Marta Esquilin. 2007. Racial microaggressions in everyday life: implications for clinical practice. [eng]. The
American psychologist 62 (4): 27186.
Swers, Michele L. 2013. Women in the club: Gender and policy making in the Senate. Chicago, London: University of
Chicago Press.
Tedeschi, James T., and Richard B. Felson. 1994. Violence, aggression & coercive actions. 1st ed. Washington, DC,
Hyattsville, MD: American Psychological Association.
Thomas, Sue. 1991. The impact of women on state legislative policies. The Journal of Politics 53 (04): 95876.
Thompson, Ginger. 2007. Mexican Town Refuses to Abandon Fallen Hero's Dream. New York Times, November 7
(Accessed http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?
res=9800E7D9123CF934A35752C1A9629C8B63&module=Search&mabReward=relbias%3As).
Thorp, Rosemary, Corinne Caumartin, and George Gray-Molina. 2006. Inequality, Ethnicity, Political Mobilisation
and Political Violence in Latin America: The Cases of Bolivia, Guatemala and Peru*. Bulletin of Latin American
Research 25 (4): 45380.
Tickner, J. A. 2004. Feminist responses to international security studies. Peace Review 16 (1): 4348.
. 2005. Gendering a Discipline: Some Feminist Methodological Contributions to International Relations.
Signs: Journal of Women in Culture and Society 30 (4): 217388.
Tockman, Jason, and John Cameron. 2014. Indigenous Autonomy and the Contradictions of Plurinationalism in
Bolivia. Latin American Politics and Society 56 (3): 4669. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1548-2456.2014.00239.x.
. 2014. Indigenous Autonomy and the Contradictions of Plurinationalism in Bolivia. [English]. Latin American
Politics and Society 56 (3): 46. http://search.proquest.com/docview/1554975974?accountid=13626.
Toranzo Roca, Carlos F. 2006. Rostros de la democracia: Una mirada mestiza. 1st ed. La Paz, Bolivia: Plural Editores;
Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung/ILDIS.
Totten, Samuel, ed. 2009. Plight and fate of women during and following genocide. v. 7 of Genocide. New Brunswick:
Transaction Publishers.

Tribunal Electoral del Poder Judicial de la Federacion. 2009. Las Mujeres Candidatas en el Proceso Electoral Federal
de 2009: Informe integrado. Estudio Cuantitativo y Cualitativo. TEPJF.
True, Jacqui. 2013. Women, peace and security in post-conflict and peacebuilding contexts. Norwegian
Peacebuilding Resource Centre, Policy Brief, March.
True, Jacqui, and Michael Mintrom. 2001. Transnational Networks and Policy Diffusion: The Case of Gender
Mainstreaming. International Studies Quarterly 45 (1): 2757. http://www.jstor.org/stable/3096100.
Tuladhar, M. T., R. Nepli, P. Shrestha, and South Asia Partnership International. 2009. Exploring Gender Gaps in
Politics, Participation, and Policies: Analytical Report. South Asia Partnership International.
UN. 1979. Convention on Elimination of all forms of Violence and Discrimination against Women. New York: United
Nations. http://www.un.org/womenwatch/daw/cedaw/text/econvention.htm (March 17, 2015).
. 1995. Beijing Platform for Action. Beijing. http://www.un.org/womenwatch/daw/beijing/platform/ (March 17,
2015).
UN Development Programme. 2011. Understanding Electoral Violence in Asia.
http://www.undp.org/content/dam/undp/library/Democratic%20Governance/UNDP_elections_violence_AP.pdf.
United Nations. June 22nd, 2012. Naciones Unidas sobre el asesinato de la Concejala de Guayaramern, Daguimar
Rivera. UN.
Valdivia, G. 2010. Agrarian Capitalism and Struggles over Hegemony in the Bolivian Lowlands. Latin American
Perspectives 37 (4): 6787.
Valentino, Benjamin A. 2014. Why We Kill: The Political Science of Political Violence against Civilians. Annual
Review of Political Science 17 (1): 89103.
Valverde, Mara E. R. 2010. Gender-based political harassment and violence: effects on the political work and public
roles of women. [eng]. New solutions : a journal of environmental and occupational health policy : NS 20 (4):
52735.
Vsquez Garca, Vernica. 2011. Usos y costumbres y ciudadana femenina: Hablan las presidentas municipales de
Oaxaca. 1996-2010. Estudios de Gnero. Mexico D.F.: Cmara de Diputados de Mxico LXI Legislatura, Colegio
de Postgraduados, Miguel Angel Porra.
Verge, T., and de la Fuente, M. 2014. Playing with different cards: Party politics, gender quotas and women's
empowerment. International Political Science Review 35 (1): 6779.
Volden, Craig, Alan E. Wiseman, and Dana E. Wittmer. 2013. When Are Women More Effective Lawmakers Than
Men? American Journal of Political Science 57 (2): 32641.
Walsh, Denise M. 2011. Women's rights in democratizing states: Just debate and gender justice in the public sphere.
Cambridge [U.K.], New York, N.Y.: Cambridge University Press.
Wngnerud, Lena. 2009. Women in parliaments: Descriptive and substantive representation. Annual Review of
Political Science 12: 5169.
Waylen, G. 2008. Enhancing the Substantive Representation of Women: Lessons from Transitions to Democracy.
Parliamentary Affairs 61 (3): 51834.
Waylen, Georgina. 2000. Gender and Democratic Politics: A Comparative Analysis of Consolidation in Argentina and
Chile. Journal of Latin American Studies 32 (3): 76593. http://www.jstor.org/stable/158617.
. 2003. Gender and transitions: What do we know? Democratization 10 (1): 15778.
. 2007. Engendering transitions: Women's mobilization, institutions, and gender outcomes. Oxford University
Press Oxford.
Waylen, Georgina, Karen Celis, Johana Kantola, and S. L. Weldon, eds. 2013. The Oxford handbook of gender and
politics. Oxford, New York: Oxford University Press.
Weaver, Vesla M. 2007. Frontlash: Race and the Development of Punitive Crime Policy. Studies in American
Political Development 21 (02).
Webber, J. R. 2010. Carlos Mesa, Evo Morales, and a Divided Bolivia (2003--2005). Latin American Perspectives 37
(3): 5170.
. 2010. Carlos Mesa, Evo Morales, and a Divided Bolivia (2003--2005). Latin American Perspectives 37 (3):
5170.
Wejnert, Barbara. 2013. Voices of globalization. v. 21 of Research in Political Sociology. Bingley, U.K.: Emerald.
, ed. 2013. Voices of Globalization. Research in Political Sociology. Emerald Group Publishing Limited.
Weldon, S. L. 2002. Beyond Bodies: Institutional Sources of Representation for Women in Democratic
Policymaking. The Journal of Politics 64 (04).
. 2006. Inclusion, Solidarity, and Social Movements: The Global Movement against Gender Violence.
Perspectives on Politics 4 (1): 5574. http://www.jstor.org/stable/3688626
. 2012. When protest makes policy: How social movements represent disadvantaged groups. CAWP series in
gender and American politics. Ann Arbor, Mich.: University of Michigan Press.
Weldon, S. L., and Mala Htun. 2013. Feminist mobilisation and progressive policy change: why governments take
action to combat violence against women. Gender & Development 21 (2): 23147.
Weyland, Kurt. 2005. Theories of Policy Diffusion: Lessons from Latin American Pension Reform. World Politics 57
(2): 26295. http://www.jstor.org/stable/25054294.

Wolbrecht, Christina, Karen Beckwith, and Lisa Baldez, eds. 2008. Political women and American democracy. New
York, NY: Cambridge University Press.
Wray, Norman. 2012. Violencia contra la mujer en el espacio pblico y la poltica. gora Poltica 3 (6): 4953.
Yllo, Kersti, and Michele L. Bograd, eds. 1988. Feminist perspectives on wife abuse. Sage focus editions. Newbury
Park, Calif.: Sage Publications.
Yoder, Janice D. 1991. Rethinking Tokenism: Looking beyond Numbers. Gender and Society 5 (2): 17892.
http://www.jstor.org/stable/189483.
Young, Iris M. 2000. Inclusion and democracy. Oxford political theory. Oxford, New York: Oxford University Press.
Zetterberg, P. 2008. The Downside of Gender Quotas?: Institutional Constraints on Women in Mexican State
Legislatures. Parliamentary Affairs 61 (3): 44260.