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This workbook provides a template for reporting landing loss sample calculation data to the
landing loss emissions. Please use the template in conjunction with the detailed guid

1. For each landing loss episode, use one template worksheet to report the associated sample calculation
you prefer, but please format workbooks logically according to tank number, time period, etc.
2. Dark blue cells on the template contain instructions for entering episode data.
3. Enter the requested data into the light blue cells.

4. Data entry cells may contain formatting checks to ensure valid data is reported. If data with invalid form
to correct the format.
5. The last worksheet in this workbook provides references for chemical and physical property data for org
6. Questions? Contact Danielle Nesvacil at (512) 239-2102 or by e-mail at

Landing Loss Emissions


Landing losses occur from floating-roof tanks whenever the tank is drained to a level where its roof lands on its dec
When a floating roof lands on its supports or legs, it creates a vapor space underneath the roof. Liquid remaining i
to replace those expelled by breathing (in the case of internal floating roof tanks) or wind action (in the case of exte
as standing idle losses, occur daily as long as the tank roof remains landed.

Additional emissions occur when incoming stock liquid fills a tank with a landed roof; the incoming liquid not only dis
generates its own set of vapors that are displaced during the filling process. These two types of emissions are colle

For a given roof landing event, total landing loss emissions are therefore the sum of the filling losses and the daily s
landed. Landing losses are inherently episodic in nature, and must be determined each time a tank's floating roof

Currently, no storage tank emissions software, including EPA's TANKS program, determines landing loss emissions
emissions may be determined using the guidance outlined in American Petroleum Institute (API) Technical Report (
Landings (hereafter referred to as API TR 2567).

Floating-Roof Tank Designs

Tank design considerations will impact both standing idle and filling loss emissions. Therefore, API TR 2567 separa
emissions determination purposes:

internal floating-roof tanks (IFRTs) with a full or partial liquid heel,

external floating-roof tanks (EFRTs) with a full or partial liquid heel, and

IFRTs and EFRTs that drain dry.

API TR 2567 presents standing idle and filling loss equations for each different tank category listed above. To accu
tank in question into one of the above categories. Care must be taken when classifying a tank as drain-dry; API sta
liquid has been removed. The following tank configurations qualify as tanks with a partial liquid heel, according to

tanks that drain to a sump that retains a liquid heel,

tanks whose sumps have baffles or similar fittings that retain liquid, or

flat-bottom tanks whose contents have been removed by a vacuum truck, since liquid typically

For each tank category listed above, API presents different saturation factors that have been validated through field
factors represent the stratification of vapors in the vapor space underneath the floating roof; therefore, no modifica
upon tank shell height is necessary.

Required Data for Landing Loss Emissions Determinations

After you have correctly determined your tank type, you must collect the following information about the tank and its

tank diameter

tank color

height of the vapor space under the floating roof

height of the stock liquid

atmospheric pressure at the tank's location

average temperature of the vapor and liquid below the floating roof

physical and chemical properties of the stored liquid (such as density, molecular weight, and va

physical and chemical properties of the liquid that the tank is refilled with, if different from the p

number of days that the tank stands idle while its floating roof is landed

For a given tank, you can then use this information in conjunction with the appropriate standing idle and filling loss e
episode. The annual landing loss emissions can then be determined by summing the emissions from each episode
each roof landing episode must be individually determined using accurate temperature data and stored liquid prope

Avoid using certain default parameters presented within API TR 2567 that may not accurately reflect a given storag
vapor temperature range specified within the document is 20 degrees Rankine; however, this default value is only a
painted other colors, the daily vapor temperature range must be calculated from the appropriate equation presented
temperature range to increase.

Reporting Landing Loss Emissions within the Emissions Inventory

Report landing losses for each storage tank on the appropriate path within the emissions inventory questionnaire (E
occurred due to normal, routine operation, revise annual and ozone season emissions accordingly. For specific pro
Chapter 4 of 2005 Emissions Inventory Guidelines. This document is available on the TCEQ's website at:

Submitting Landing Loss Sample Calculations

Per 30 TAC Section 101.10(c), representative sample calculations are required to be submitted with these calendar
episode experienced at your site, submit the following information with your EIQ revisions:

tank FIN,

tank EPN,
API category (as outlined in the "Floating-Roof Tank Designs" section above);
the dates when each landing loss episode occurred, and
all of the information listed under the "Required Data for Landing Loss Emissions Determinations" sectio

To facilitate the submission of this information, you may use the "Landing loss episode template" worksheet contain
landing loss episode.


Any questions about the use of API TR 2567 equations may be directed to Danielle Nesvacil at (512) 239-2102 or b

culation data to the TCEQ. This workbook does NOT calculate

h the detailed guidance provided below.

ed sample calculation data. Workbooks may contain as many episode worksheets as

iod, etc.

data with invalid formatting are entered, the error message will provide instructions

l property data for organic liquids, if needed.

its roof lands on its deck legs or other supports (including roof suspension cables).
oof. Liquid remaining in the bottom of the tank provides a continuous source of vapors
ion (in the case of external floating roof tanks). These emissions, referred to

oming liquid not only displaces those vapors remaining under the floating roof, but also
s of emissions are collectively referred to as filling losses.

g losses and the daily standing idle losses over the entire period that the roof remained
e a tank's floating roof is landed.

landing loss emissions as part of routine program operation. However, landing loss
API) Technical Report (TR) 2567, Evaporative Loss from Storage Tank Floating Roof

re, API TR 2567 separates floating-roof tanks into the following three categories for

y listed above. To accurately use these equations, you must first classify the storage
nk as drain-dry; API states that a tank is only a drain-dry tank if all of its free-standing
iquid heel, according to API:

ck, since liquid typically will still remain in irregular surfaces along the tank bottom.

n validated through field studies to use in the landing loss equations. These saturation
; therefore, no modification to these saturation factors based

n about the tank and its contents for each episode when the roof is landed:

molecular weight, and vapor pressure)

h, if different from the previously stored liquid

ing idle and filling loss equations to determine the emissions for each roof landing
ions from each episode occurring within a given calendar year. Emissions from
and stored liquid properties for the time of year when the roof landing occurred.

y reflect a given storage tank. For example, the default daily

s default value is only appropriate for storage tanks that are painted white. For storage tanks
iate equation presented within the document, since solar insolation will cause the daily vapor

ventory questionnaire (EIQ). If your site determines that landing loss emissions
rdingly. For specific procedural guidance on reporting emissions on the EIQ, please consult
Q's website at:

ted with these calendar year 2002, 2003, and 2004 EIQ revisions. For each landing loss

Determinations" section above.

late" worksheet contained in this workbook to provide the requested data for each

l at (512) 239-2102 or by e-mail at

Landing loss episode data

Please enter the following information:
Site and tank information

Regulated entity reference number (RN):

Air account number:
Tank FIN in the annual emissions inventory:
Tank EPN in the annual emissions inventory:
Tank category:
Tank shell color:
Date(s) this episode occurred:

Please enter the following parameters for this episode:

Parameter description and symbol
Number of days the tank stands idle while floating
roof is landed, nd
Average temperature of vapor and liquid below
floating roof, Ta
Atmospheric pressure at tank location, Pa
Height of vapor space under floating roof, h v
tank diameter, D
Effective height of stock liquid, hle

For this landing loss episode, please enter the stored liquid's name and physical pro
Stored liquid's name:
Stored liquid properties

Stored liquid properties

stock liquid density, W l
stock vapor molecular weight, Mv

constant from Antoine's equation, B

true vapor pressure of stored liquid, P

For this landing loss episode, if the liquid that the tank is refilled with is different tha
please enter the following properties for the refilling liquid.
Refilling liquid's name:
Refilling liquid properties

stock liquid density, W l
stock vapor molecular weight, Mv
constant from Antoine's equation, B
true vapor pressure of stored liquid, P

Tank Category
internal floating roof with full liquid heel
internal floating roof with partial liquid heel
external floating roof with full liquid heel
external floating roof with partial liquid heel
drain-dry tank (IFR or EFR)


internal floating roof with full liquid heel

ers for this episode:


16 dimensionless

90 Fahrenheit
14.7 psia

1 <nd<

40 <Ta<
9.346 <Pa<

6 feet

0 <hv

150 feet

0 <D

3 feet

0 <hle

se enter the stored liquid's name and physical properties.

Property units:


degrees Rankine; vapor pressure
equation in units of psia and degrees

e liquid that the tank is refilled with is different than the previously stored liquid,
es for the refilling liquid.

Property units:
degrees Rankine; vapor pressure
equation in units of psia and degrees




ored liquid,

References for physical/chemical data:

Two widely available resources are the CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics and Perry's Chemical E
data for selected petroleum stocks.
Other references include:

$ TANKS 4.09d chemical database. Free and available by downloading the TANKS 4.09d software
Handbook of Environmental Data on Organic Chemicals. 2nd ed.
Karel Verschueren. (New York : Van Nostrand Reinhold Co.), 1983
2001 edition available at TCEQ Library 547 V61H 2001 V.1

Reid, Prausnitz and Sherwood, Properties of Liquids and Gases, McGraw Hill, 1987.
2000 edition available at TCEQ library 660.042 P75P 2000

Gallant, Robert W. and Yaws, Carl L. Physical properties of hydrocarbons. Houston : Gu

Yaws, Carl L. Chemical properties handbook : physical, thermodynamic, environmental,

TCEQ Library 660.02 Y2C 1999

Yaws and Yang, Property Data: To Estimate Vapor Pressure Easily, Hydrocarbon Proces

Baublik, Fried and Hola, The Vapor Pressures of Pure Substances, Selected Values of th

Daubert and Danner, Physical and Thermodynamic Properties of Pure Chemicals


Antoine's coefficients are also in the NIST Chemistry workbook, which is available online
**Please note that in some resources, such as the NIST Chemistry Workbook, t

nd Perry's Chemical Engineering Handbook. API TR 2567 also contains limited

TANKS 4.09d software program from the EPA's website:

cGraw Hill, 1987.

arbons. Houston : Gulf Pub. Co., c1993-c1995.

amic, environmental, transport, safety, and health related properties for organic and inorganic chemicals McGraw, Hi

Hydrocarbon Processing, October 1989.

Selected Values of the Temperature Dependent Vapor Pressure in the Normal and Low Pressure Regions,

ure Chemicals, Taylor and Francis, Washington, D.C., 1993.

ich is available online at:

Chemistry Workbook, the Antoine's equation constants are in units of [bar, K] and must be converted.

hemicals McGraw, Hill 1999.

ure Regions, Elsevier Science Publishers, Amsterdam, 1984.