Está en la página 1de 4


The first of the five pillars of Islam
Part 2
Find out more about Islam here

(...Continued from Iman - the first of the five pillars of Islam Pt 1)

These are the actions that demonstrate the belief;
Iman is the first of the five pillars of Islam. It consists of the belief in:
(a) Allah (The Arabic name of God), and Prophet Muhammad as His Messenger,
(b) All the Angels who are the spiritual beings of God,
(c) All the Prophets and Messengers of God,
(d) All the Scriptures revealed by God for the guidance of mankind,
(e) The Hereafter: The Day of Resurrection and Judgement.
Also the Islamic doctrine: that God is all wise, all-powerful. And all human beings are
accountable for their own actions. Qur’an states:
“The Prophet believes in what has been revealed to him from his Lord, and so do the
men of faith. They all believe in God, His angels, His scriptures and His messengers,
making no distinction among His messengers…” (2: 285)
Prophet Muhammad was asked: “What is Iman” He replied:
“To believe in God, His Angels, His Books, His Messengers and the Last Day.”
(a) The belief in God and Muhammad as His Messenger:
Muslims should know how to declare the Shahadah, the Declaration of Faith, which is
the first article of Iman. It is the testimony that there is no deity except God and that
Muhammad is His Messenger. This first act of worship is to believe with the heart and
declare with the tongue that there is nothing worthy of worship but Allah, the source
of all creation, and Muhammad is His Messenger.
Without the declaration of the Shahadah, none of the other pillars of the Islamic Faith
are counted. People cannot call themselves Muslims unless they make this
Declaration of Faith.
(b) The belief in all the Angels who are the spiritual beings of God:
God, who created the human beings, is able to create any kinds of creatures. Human

’ The Angel then repeated his request and Muhammad repeated the same answer: ‘I cannot read’. the revelation came down to him. in the name of your God. Another kind of beings is angels. There are many angels but we know only a few of them: (1) The Archangel Gabriel is the angel of revelations. he said to the Angel: ‘I cannot read. (3) The Angel Azra’il. Moses. Isma’il. There are angels before and behind us. Elias…. kind and honorable. He dictated the Qur’an to Prophet Muhammad in a period of twenty. Unlike human beings. They have the same human needs and feelings but they were only of special qualities. Its teachings brought by the many different Messengers of God in different times.beings are not the only intelligent beings God created.” (82: 10-12) “He sends down His angels with inspiration of His command to such of His servants as He pleased. When Muhammad was forty years of age. I am not a reader. There are many prophets and Qur’an mentioned a few of them e. the Angel of death. It is the original religion that goes back to Adam. whom God had . who act as guardians and watch over us. Noah. also 3: 84-85) So. The Archangel Gabriel appeared to him and said: ‘Read’. angels were not created with free will. therefore Islam is not a new religion. over you are protectors (angels).three years. submission to God means Islam. writing down (your deeds). Muslims believe that all prophets were truthful and faithful men. to Jesus and Muhammad. Isaac. They are absolutely obedient to God’s commands. We make no distinction between one and another among them.g. The Angel said: ‘read. created man from…. (4) The Angel Michael and some others. who serve God in many ways. (saying): ‘Warn (man) that there is no god but I. Abraham. serving and worshipping Him. they know all that you do. Noah and Abraham and their descendants. Read…. but as Muhammad was an illiterate man. who created.’ (2) The Angel Israfil. Qur’an says: “Say: ‘We believe in God and in what has been revealed to us and what was revealed to Abraham and Isma’il and Isaac and Jacob and the tribes (of Israel). “But verily. so do your duty to Me’.” (2:136. and to Him do we submit ourselves’. from Adam.’’ (16: 2) (c) The belief in all Prophets and Messengers of God: The third article of Iman is the belief in God’s Prophets and Messengers. and in what was given to Moses and Jesus and what was given to the prophets from their Lord. carrying out their duties of obeying. the Angel who will announce the event of Resurrection.

Human beings are responsible for their own actions and will be asked about their right and wrong doings in the course of their life on earth. they should follow this up with the real understanding of what is revealed by putting it to good practical use. The fifth article of Iman is the belief in the Last Day. “And give good news to the believers who work deeds of righteousness. which has been preserved to the present time in its original form. be they male or female and have faith. Prophet Muhammad was the last Messenger of God.”(17: 9) “If any do deeds of righteousness. in translation. And He revealed the Torah and the Injeel before this as guidance to mankind…” (3: 3) The final Sacred Book is the Qur’an. Many other Devine Books were delivered to different prophets in between. His message was the final one of God’s instructions and guidance to mankind for all time to come. when he was sixty-three years old. apart from the Qur’an. Because all these Books were sent from one God. They committed themselves to convey His mission. the language in which it was revealed. they will enter paradise. who each received ten Books. the Day of Resurrection. It is kept and recited in Arabic. confirming what went before it. started when Prophet Muhammad was at the age of forty until his death. Qur’an is the only Devine Book. seeing that you were without life and He gave . Even those Muslims. with which they were entrusted. “Then how can you reject faith in God. many alterations have undergone to the present copies of these Books. never recite the Qur’an in the Islamic prayers or any religious occasion. and because it is believed that. which He gave in Books to several prophets from Adam to Abraham. All these Books are believed to be lost. It was revealed to Prophet Muhammad through Archangel Gabriel over a period of twenty-three years.chosen to carry out His commands. which is not in harmony with or is contradicting the teachings of the Qur’an is not a true revelation. Moses was given the Torah. (d) The belief in all the Scriptures revealed by God for the guidance of mankind: Muslims believe in all previous revelations of God. Each one of them conveyed the message that suited the people they addressed at that particular time. Other Sacred Books were revealed to other prophets and messengers of God.” (4: 124) (e) The belief in the Hereafter: The Day of Resurrection and Judgement. It means in the Arabic language ‘The Reading’. As people believe that the Revelations did come from God. “It is He Who revealed to you (Muhammad) the Scripture (the Qur’an) in truth. and not the least injustice will be done to them. Jesus was given the Injeel and Muhammad was given the Qur’an. who do not know Arabic. Muslims believe that any passage.

” (2: 28) Muslims believe that body and soul will be raised and assembled together on the day of Resurrection. “Does not man see that it is We Who created him from sperm? …and forgets his own creation. and again to Him will you return. Declaration of Faith and include the responsibility to family.” “There is a reward for kindness to every living animal or human.” (36: 77-79) In the end. Prophet Muhammad said: “The most perfect of the believers in faith are the best of them in morals. for He knows about every kind of creating’. Authors Details: Fathy Fares . Iman starts with Shahadah.C/o a true Muslim must have a good understanding of the articles of Iman and perform the acts of the Islamic Faith which form the five pillars of Islam and which come from Qur’an and the sayings of Prophet (The five pillars of Islam) .you life? Then He will cause you to die and will bring you to life again. Muslims also have to recognize and appreciate the blessings of the Creator and be thankful to Him for His blessings. which its time is secret to all of us. justice and good character.” So. He says: ‘Who can give life to bones when they are decomposed?’ Say: ‘He will give them life Who created them the first time. contributions to the society and practicing the codes of morality by observing social behaviour.