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Functions & Merits of caste System

1.

It determines the status of an individual in the society, i.e. According to the Ca. S. Ones
prestige, status role etc. is fixed acc. to his birth. A Brahmin's son will inherit the status, position of
his father & status. J.S. Huttou unless a person violates the caste rule he remains in the C.S.
Neither poverty no wealth can change ones status in the caste society neither success or
disaster.

2.

It fixes the occupation or hereditary occupation is an important characteristic of C.S. One


acquires the occupation. Of his ancestors & he has not to wonder about in search of it.

3.

Division of labour In each caste or sub-caste has fixed roles, function in society i.e. it is
based on Karma theory. Everyone thinks & beliefs that god has fixed his occupation which is the
scout of his karma in earlier birth & he lives to do his occupation well so that he may have a good
occupation in his next birth.

4.

Social security as well psychic security `we feeling' is strong in all castes & sub-castes.
Whenever one of the caste member is ill or orphaned or has some other problem they whole
caste members are compelled to help them. Castizm /Caste patriotism induces them to help their
own castes.

5.

Unity in diversity society is divided different stratas. Demerits (i) C.S. is undemocratic &
therefore contradictory to the Indian democratizes. Peoples sales, status etc are fixed in C.S. but
not in a democracy. (ii) Social Disparity C.S. brings a social disparity in society. It minders social
life or economic life. Due to fixed occupation person with I.Q in other occupation can't go into it &
this hinders optimum productivity. (iii) Barrier to National Unity In this all acc. equal whereas in
C.S. there is no equality. It gives support to casterism which is limited to their own caste. Ex
votes are given to the person of one's own caste. Every man wants the people of his caste to go
ahead & this creates problems (iv) Untouchability lower than sudras are untouchable &
unseable & they are exploited by the higher caste. There are certain privileges & disabilities in
caste system. The Brahmin's get more privilege. Brahminsm there- C.S. came into being due to
Brahmin supremacy.
Changes in C.S. There are many changes in med. India. There is no restriction on occupation in
the C.S. due to industrialization & urbanization. Now restriction on food concept has changes
because now they buy from the market (all castes). Inter-caste marriage too is taking place.
Under the special marriage act of 1154 inter-caste marriage is allowed. Their change in the caste
endogamy & exogamy. Untouchability offence act (1955) has been abolished i.e. changes in the
civil & religious disability of the C.S.
Factors for change

1.

Industrialisation & urbanization have brought a tremendous change in the rigid characin of
the C.S.

2.

The influence of our education the concept of equality.

3.

Legislative measures, govt. policies & effort, special marriage act 1954 untouchability
offence act 1955.

4.

Social reforms Brahma Samaj, Raja Ram Mohan Roy, Gandhi

5.

Religious movement.- Christian missionaries


Future

of

C.S.

It is still prevalent although in a subdued manner mainly due to urban & Indus. On the name of
caste educational institutions.