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Mekanika Rekayasa 3

TUGAS MEKANIKA REKAYASA 3


Nama : Indra Sidik Permadi
Nim : 05111011
Kelas : KS – 2A

1. Tentukan Momen Akhir dan Gambarkan diagram gaya – gaya dalamnya!

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Mekanika Rekayasa 3

 Asumsi tanda momen negatif

• Akibat Momen di A

MAB ⋅ L MBA ⋅ L qL 3
θA = − − +
3EI 6 EI 24 EI

MAB ⋅ L MBA ⋅ L qL3


θBA = + −
6 EI 3EI 24 EI
• Akibat Momen di B
MBC ⋅ L qL3
θBC = − +
3EI 24 EI
MBC ⋅ 30 5 ⋅ (30 ) 3
=− +
3EI 24 EI
30 ⋅ MBC 135000
=− +
3EI 24 EI
 θBA = θBC
MA ⋅ L MBA ⋅ L qL3 30 ⋅ MBC qL3
+ − =− +
6 EI 3EI 24 EI 3EI 24 EI

MA ⋅ 20 MBA ⋅ 20 5 ⋅ (20) 3 30 ⋅ MBC 5 ⋅ (30) 3


+ − =− +
6 EI 3EI 24 EI 3EI 24 EI
MA ⋅ 20 MBA ⋅ 20 30 ⋅ MBC 40000 135000
+ + − − =0
6 EI 3EI 3EI 24 EI 24 EI
MA ⋅ 20 MBA ⋅ 50 175000
+ − = 0 → ×24 EI
6 EI 3EI 24 EI
80 ⋅ MA + 400 ⋅ MB − 175000 = 0
2 ⋅ MA + 10 ⋅ MB = 4375...... .......... ...(1)

Karena titik A tumpuan jepit, maka θAB = 0


MA ⋅ L MB ⋅ L qL3
− − + =0
3EI 6 EI 24 EI
MA ⋅ 20 MB ⋅ 20 5(20 ) 3
− − =−
3EI 6 EI 24 EI
MA ⋅ 20 MB ⋅ 20 40000
− − =− → ×24 EI
3EI 6 EI 24 EI
−160 MA −80 MB = −40000
− 2MA −MB = −500....... .......... ...(2)

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Mekanika Rekayasa 3

 Substitusi dan Eliminasi Pers (1) dan (2)


2M A + 10M B = 4375
− 2 MA − MB = − 500
+
9 MB = 3875
MB = 430 .555 kFt

 Maka MA
− 2 MA − 430.555 = −500
− 2 MA = −500 + 430.555
− 2 MA = −69.445
MA = 34.72 kft

 Freebody Diagram

qL1 qL1 qL qL2


= 50 = 50 2 = 75 = 75
2 2 2 2
430 .555
( MB − MA ) = 19 .792 = 14 .35214 .352
30
L1
19 .792

30 .208 69 .792 89 .352 60 .648


RA RB RC

 Diagram Momen
Mmax Lapangan A – B

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Mekanika Rekayasa 3

M x = − 34.72 + 30.208( x ) − 1 2 qx2


= − 34.72 + 30.208( x ) − 1
2 ⋅ 5x 2
∂M x
= 30.208− 5 x = 0
∂x
x = 6.0416 ft

M m a x= − 3 4.7 2+ 3 0.2 0 8( 6.0 4 2) − 1 2 ⋅ 5( 6.0 4 2)


2

= −34 .72 +182 .517 −91 .264


= 56.533 kft

Mmax Lapangan B – C

Mx = −430.555 + 89.352( x ) − 1 2 qx 2
∂Mx
= 89.352 − 5 x = 0
∂x
x = 17.870 ft

M m a x= − 4 3 0.5 5 5+ 8 9.3 5 2( 1 7.8 7 0) − 1 2 ⋅ 5( 1 7.8 7 0)


2

= −430 .555 +1596 .720 −798 .342


= 367.823 kft

2. Tentukan Momen Akhir dan gambarkan diagram gaya – gaya dalamnya!

4
Mekanika Rekayasa 3

 Asumsi Momen Negatif

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Mekanika Rekayasa 3

• Akibat Momen di B
10 MB 2000
θBA = −
3EI 24 EI
3456 12 MB 12 MC
θBC = − −
24 EI 3EI 6 EI
• Akibat Momen di C
12 MB 12 MC 3456
θCB = + −
6 EI 3EI 24 EI
8000 20 MC
θCD = −
16 EI 3EI

 θBA = θBC
10 MB 2000 3456 12 MB 12 MC
− = − −
3EI 24 EI 24 EI 3EI 6 EI
10 MB 12 MB 12 MC 3456 2000
+ + = + →×24 EI
3EI 3EI 6 EI 24 EI 24 EI
176MB + 48MC = 5456...... ....(1)

 θCB = θCD
12 MB 12 MC 3456 8000 20 MC
+ − = −
6 EI 3EI 24 EI 16 EI 3EI
12 MB 12 MC 20 MC 8000 3456
+ + = +
6 EI 3EI 3EI 16 EI 24 EI
12 MB 32 MC 30912
+ = →×48 EI
6 EI 3EI 48 EI
96MB + 512MC = 30912..... ........(2 )

• Eliminasi Pers (1) dan (2)

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Mekanika Rekayasa 3

176MB + 48MC = 5456 → × 512


96MB + 512MC = 30912 → × 48

90112MB + 24576MC = 2793472


4608MB + 24576MC = 1449216

85504 MB = 1344256
MB = 15.722 kft

# Substitusikan MB Ke Pers. (1)


176 MB + 48 MC = 5456
176 (15 .722 ) + 48 MC = 5456
2767 .072 + MC = 5456
48 MC = 5456 − 2767 .072
MC = 56.019 kft

• FREEBODY DIAGRAM

2 ⋅10 2 ⋅10 2 ⋅12 2 ⋅12 20 20


2 2 2 2 2 2

15 .72215 .722 ( 56 .019 − 5.72256


) .019 56 .019
10 10 12 20 20

8.429 11 .5728.642 15 .35812 .801 7.199

• M max Lapangan AB

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Mekanika Rekayasa 3

Mx = 8.429( x ) − 1 2 qx 2
∂Mx
= 8.429 − qx = 0
∂x
8.429
x= = 4.214 ft
2

M max = 8.429( 4.214) − 1 2 ⋅ 2( 4.214)


2

= 17.762 kft

• M max Lapangan B – C

Mx = −15.722 + 8.642( x ) − 1 2 qx 2
∂Mx
= 8.429 − qx = 0
∂x
8.429
x= = 4.321 ft
2

M max = −15.722 + 8.642 ( 4.321) − 1 2 ⋅ 2( 4.321)


2

= −18.722 + 37.342 − 18.671


= 34.393 kft
• M max Lapangan C – D
M max = −56 .019 +12 .801 (10 )
= 71 .991 kft