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INTERNATIONAL ISLAMIC UNIVERSITY MALAYSIA

END OF SEMESTER EXAMINATION


SEMESTER 1, 2013/2014 SESSION
KULLIYYAH OF ENGINEERING
Programme

: ENGINEERING

Level of Study

: UG 1

Time

: 9:00 am- 12:00 pm

Date

: 31/12/13

Duration

: 3 Hours
Section(s)

: 1-8

Course Code : ECE 1312/ECE 1231


Course Title

: Electronics

This Question Paper Consists of Eight (8) Printed Pages (Including Cover Page) With
Five (5) Questions.
INSTRUCTION(S) TO CANDIDATES

DO NOT OPEN UNTIL YOU ARE ASKED TO DO SO


Total mark of this examination is 100.
This examination is worth 45% of the total assessment.
Answer ALL FIVE questions.

Any form of cheating or attempt to cheat is a


serious offence which may lead to dismissal.
1

Electronics

ECE 1312 / ECE 1231

Q.1 [20 marks]


(a)

A full wave rectifier circuit is shown in Fig. 1(a) with the primary voltage, v1 = 220
V(rms) and turns ratio, N1:N2 = 20:1. Assume each diode cut-in voltage, V = 0.65 V.
(5+2 marks)
(i) What is the peak value of the output current if R = 1 k ?
(ii) What is the Peak Inverse Voltage (PIV) rating of each diode?

N1:N2

Fig. 1(a)

(b) Fig. 1(b) shows a multiple diode circuit. If each diode cut-in voltage,
V = 0.65 V, determine the diode current, ID1 and the output voltage , V o .
(7 marks)

Fig. 1(b)

Electronics
(c)

ECE 1312 / ECE 1231

The clamper circuit is shown in Fig. 1(c) has an input sinusoidal voltage,
v I =6 sin ( t ) V(rms). Sketch the output voltage, v O against time, t. Assume that
diode cut-in voltage, V = 0.65 V.
(6 marks)

Fig. 1(c)

Q.2 [20 marks]


3

Electronics

(a)
(i)
(ii)

ECE 1312 / ECE 1231

The voltage transfer characteristic and its BJT circuit are shown in Fig. 3(a). Assume
that VBE (on) = 0.7 V, VCE(sat) = 0.2 V and = 120.
Find the value of the resistor, RB by assuming VI = 1.9 V.
Sketch the output load line for the circuit.

(5 marks)
(5 marks)

RB

Fig. 3(a)
(b)

Consider the circuit as shown in Fig. 2(b). Determine IBQ, ICQ and VCEQ for =100.
Sketch the output load line and Q-point by assuming, I C =I E .
(6+4
marks)

Fig. 2(b)

Electronics

ECE 1312 / ECE 1231

Q.3 [20 marks]


(a)

A common-emitter amplifier has output voltage -2.4 V when its input voltage is 250 mV.
The collector resistance of the amplifier 1.5k is changed to 2.5k, what is the new gain
of the amplifier? Consider that ro = .
(4 marks)

(b)

Draw the small-signal equivalent circuit and calculate the voltage gain of the circuit is
shown in Fig. 3. (b). Assume that the transistor and circuit parameters:
= 100, VCC = 12 V, VBE(on) = 0.7 V, RC = 6 k, RB = 50 k, VBB = 12 V and
VT = 0.026 V.
(8 marks)

Fig. 3(b)
(c)

Draw the small-signal equivalent circuit for the common collector amplifier as shown in
Av
Fig. 3(c). Derive the equation for voltage gain
of the circuit.
(8 marks)

Fig. 3(c)

Electronics

ECE 1312 / ECE 1231

Q.4 [20 marks]


(a)

State two (2) differences between MOSFET and BJT.

(b)

Fig. 4(b) shows a NMOS circuit with parameters


Kn = 0.2 mA/V2. Determine the values of VGS, VS and VD.

(4 marks)
VTN = 0.6 V and
(6 marks)

Fig. 4(b)

(c)

Design an n-channel MOSFET circuit is as shown in Fig. 4(c) has the following
specifications: VDD = 5 V, VSS = -5 V, Kn= 0.48 mA/V2 and VTN = 1.5 V. Assume that, IDQ =
0.6 mA, VDSQ= 3.5 V and the MOSFET is operating in the saturation region.
(10 marks)

Fig. 4(c)

Electronics

ECE 1312 / ECE 1231

Q.5 [20 marks]


(a) Determine the small-signal voltage gain, input and output resistances of a
common-source amplifier as shown in Fig. 5(a). The circuit parameters are,
VDD = 4.5V, RD = 4.7 k, R1 = 120 k, R2 = 47 k and RSi = 4 k. Transistor
parameters are Kn = 0.6 mA/V2 and = 0.025 V-1
(6 marks)

Fig. 5(a)
(b) Fig. 5 (b) shows an n-channel MOSFET logic gate.
(i) Draw the corresponding truth table of the logic gate.
(ii) Identify the function of the circuit (AND/OR/NOR/NAND gate).

Fig. 5(b)

(3 marks)
(1 marks)

Electronics

ECE 1312 / ECE 1231

(c) An op-amp inverting amplifier circuit is shown in Fig. 5(c).

(5 +5 marks)

(i) Derive the close-loop voltage gain of the inverting amplifier, Av = - R2/R1.
(ii) Determine the values of R1 and R2, if the gain Av = -10, and the current in the
feedback resistor is 10 A when the output voltage is 5.0 V.

Fig. 5(c)

Electronics

ECE 1312 / ECE 1231

Useful equations for nMOSFET:


2
2
I D K n [2VGS VTN VDS VDS ] I D K n VGS VTN

VA

1 r VA
o
I CQ

Where,

g m 2 K n I DQ

Useful equations for BJT:


gm
ro

I CQ
VT

V
VA
r T
I CQ
I CQ

Useful equation for pn-junction:


I D I s (e

vD
VT

1)