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Author(s): Peter Winn
Review by: Peter Winn
Source: The Americas, Vol. 35, No. 2 (Oct., 1978), pp. 279-280
Published by: Academy of American Franciscan History
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Accessed: 25-07-2015 11:09 UTC

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el golpe sobrevendria. Pp. Notes. turning Uruguay into a major beef exporter and the home of a modern meat-packingindustry. Uruguayan rural entrepreneurship and governmental capacity-any one of which could transform commerce into crisis and prosperity into penury. is that the economic changes which they made possible would ultimately limit and frustrate Batlle's far-reaching plans for the transformation of This content downloaded from 164.the authors bring their account of the transformationof Uruguay up to the First World War and offer a paradoxical new interpretation of Batlle's two presidencies and the economic change they facilitated. is devoted to a more critical exploration of the characterof this prosperity and the consequence of this pattern of growth. European produce and capital markets. This economic change. Tables. Most of the book. With the publication ofLaprosperidadfrdgil. Their thesis is a sweeping. The irony of Batlle's presidencies. 109). however.. undermined the influence of the sheep-farming rural middle class and consolidated the power of the great cattle barons."however. They then describe the considerable economic growth that followed. The authors stress Batlle's role in assuring political and financial stability as well as honest and efficient government. Barran and Nahum argue. HistoriaRural del UruguayModerno.2 on Sat. No price. The advent of the less hardy refined breeds. but the social and political context are always in view and international factors are given even greater attention. Barran and Nahum's fifth volume is more purely economic in focus than its predecessors. ii. was the increased dependence of the Uruguayan economy upon a complex of factors-international prices and political rivalries. the authors conclude. Este se cotiza mejor que el vidrio. British sanitary regulations and trade policies. per es mis frAgil" (p. The price of this "progress. The authors conclude: Erandemasiadascondicionantesparaque el progresofueraperdurable. The book begins with a concise discussion of the political and financial preconditions for the prosperity of the pre-war decade.Mientrastanto. "convirti6 a la ganaderiaen un cristal.73.En esas condiciones.BOOK REVIEWS 279 La prosperidadfrdgil(1905-1914). The volume culminates in an incisive analysis of the central change in the rural economy during this era-the emergence of large-scalecattle ranchingoriented to the British meat market-and an exploration of its social and political implications for Uruguay.viviamosnuestra"belleepoque"(p. (Montevedio: Ediciones de la Banda Oriental.) The four previous volumes of Barranand Nahum's Historiarural covered the years 1830-1904 and marked it as a major reinterpretationof Uruguayan history and one of the most significant works of economic history to emerge from Latin America in recent years.224.Toma V.y las mis graves y decisivasno dependiandel Uruguay. 183. 25 Jul 2015 11:09:10 UTC All use subject to JSTOR Terms and Conditions . but simple one: the transformation of Uruguayan cattle ranching during the pre-war years generated both the prosperity and progress of that era. moreover. By Jose Pedro Barran and Benjamin Nahum.tardeo temprano.. while underscoring the importance of the Uruguayan accumulation of capital during the previous era of political and economic uncertainty and the favorable market conditions for Uruguayan produce and European financing. 1976. 110).

Illustrations.2 on Sat. he felt that they would bring about the ruin of the missions. based upon careful original research in diverse contemporary sources and informed by the analytic perspectives of dependency theory. $14. and civil rights. at least in part.73. This content downloaded from 164. This book merits the attention not only of specialists in Uruguay. strengthening the social forces opposed to radical reform and reinforcing their strategic position within the Uruguayan economy. this reliance upon dependencia-which shapes the structure of the book as well as its excessive. provide solid interpretations-seems documentation for their revisions of Uruguayan history and their arguments are generally persuasive. The Franciscans. these royal decrees were not the only factor which would prove unfavorable toward the continued success of the mission. Soldiers. and that the community goods of the mission were to be administered by the civil authority. The Crown intended to put an end to the mission period on the Hispanic frontier in order to establish bishoprics and parishes.John L. The missionaries' paternalistic attitude toward the Indian was to disappear and the Indian was to be given liberty. Kessell. however.however. La prosperidadfrdgil. (Tucson: University of Arizona Press. who were to be in charge of these missions during the remainder of the Colonial period. This challenging thesis is only asserted here. 347. Index. Forced by Carlos III's decree of expulsion. xvi.) This book is a very good example of what a well documented local history should be. that the Indians were to elect their own officials.and Reformers:HispanicArizona and the SonoraMissionFrontier 1767-1856. As a matterof fact this was. the enlightenment was making its entry into mission territory. By John L. both civil and ecclesiastical. the purpose of the new legislation. the Jesuits of the Pimeria Alta left Sonora during the latter months of 1767. 1976.50 cloth. Using public and private archives. education. $8. However. Moreover. but it will be a central theme of Barran and Nahum's next volume.35 paper. but of all scholars and teachers interested in the history of Latin America's integration into the world economy and the profound domestic consequences of this process. As a rule the missionary looked upon the introduction of these ideas into the mission field with a great deal of distrust. At times. Bibliography. they were now confronted with the new regulationsof the Crown concerning the missions which specificed that the administration of the temporal goods of the missions was no longer to be in charge of the missionary.BOOK REVIEWS 280 Uruguay. arrived during the early months of 1768 to find that the condition of the missions did not at all correspond to the optimistic description they had been given.224. The authors. PETER WINN ColumbiaUniversity Friars. 1767 to 1856. In this way. Kessell has written a vivid and detailed reconstruction of the post-Jesuit period of the Pimeria Alta missions (Sonora and Hispanic-Arizona). Pp. stands on its own as an important new view of a crucial decade in Uruguayan history. 25 Jul 2015 11:09:10 UTC All use subject to JSTOR Terms and Conditions .

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