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Problema 9.

10

x fraccin mol de Calor int. De sol. y fraccin mol en


Capacidad
Acetona en el
A 15C (kJ/kmol
equilibrio de
Temperatura
calorfica a 17.2
lquido
sol)
acetona en vapor vapor lquido C C (kJ/kg sol C)
0.001
0
0.000
100.0
4.187
0.01
0.253
91.7
4.179
0.02
-188.4
0.425
86.6
4.162
0.05
-447.3
0.624
75.7
4.124
0.10
-668.7
0.755
66.6
4.020
0.15
-770
0.798
63.4
3.894
0.20
-786
0.815
62.2
3.810
0.30
-719
0.830
61.0
3.559
0.40
-509
0.839
60.4
3.350
0.50
-350.1
0.849
60.0
3.140
0.60
-252.6
0.859
59.5
2.931
0.70
0.874
58.9
2.763
0.80
0.898
58.2
2.554
0.90
0.935
57.5
2.387
0.95
0.963
57.0
2.303
1.00
1.000
56.5

20.0

37.8

65.6

93.3

Capacidad
calorfica acetona
(kJ/kg C)

2.22

2.26

2.34

2.43

1013

976

917

863

C a l o r i n t. d e so l . a 1 5 C (k J / k m o l so l )

t ( C)

Calor latente de
evaporacin (kJ/kg)

Calor Integral de solucion a 15C


0
-100 0
-200
-300
-400
-500
-600
-700
-800
-900

0.2

0.4

0.6

0.8

x fraccin mol de Acetona en el lquido

1.2

y F r a c c i n m o l d e a c e to n a e n v a p o r

1
0.9
0.8
0.7
0.6
0.5
0.4
0.3
0.2
0.1
0
0

0.1

0.2

0.3

0.4

0.5

0.6

0.7

0.8

0.9

x fraccion molar de acetona en liq

Q'
xD

95462
0.9687

Q''
xw

-9744
0.000406

Curv a equilibrio
Diagonal

ENTALPIA COMPOSICION
x

CL (kJ/kg C)

Mav
1
0.9
0.8
0.7
0.6
0.5
0.4
0.3
0.2
0.1
0.05

58.05
54.05
50.04
46.04
42.04
38.04
34.03
30.03
26.03
22.02
20.02

Hs (J/kmol)
2258
2389
2554
2763
2931
3140
3350
3559
3810
4020
4124

0
-44194
-100018
-172124
-252600
-350100
-509000
-719000
-186000
-668700
-447300

tL ( C)
56.5
57.5
58.2
58.9
59.5
60.0
60.4
61.0
62.2
66.6
75.7

0.01
0.002
0

18.42
18.10
18.02

tG ( C)
1
0.92
0.85
0.79
0.72
0.65
0.59
0.53
0.46
0.39
0.21
0.03
0.01
0

56.5
57.8
60.0
63.9
69.6
74.4
77.8
81.1
84.4
87.2
93.3
99.4
99.4
100.0

4179
4182
4182

-93040
0
0

91.7
100.0
100.0

Calor latente A
Calor latente B
(kJ/kg)
(kJ/kg)
519.9
518.7
2364.0
516.4
2358.8
511.7
2349.3
504.7
2335.5
498.9
2323.0
495.4
2314.6
491.9
2306.2
488.5
2297.6
485.0
2290.6
479.2
2274.6
473.2
2258.5
473.3
2258.5
472.2
2251.0

HG (kJ/kmol)
35728
36632
37479
38296
39288
40206
40964
41694
42497
43246
45088
46817
46983
46976

x v rs. HL

Entalpa composicin

y v rs.
HG
95462

120000

-9744

100000

80000
60000
40000
20000
0
0

-20000

0.1

0.2

0.3

0.4

0.5

x, y

0.6

0.7

0.8

0.9

Curvas de operacin:
Rectificacin

Agotamiento

y
0.9687
0.85
0.69
0.48
0.27
0.12

x
0.9687
0.89
0.79
0.67
0.55
0.48

y
0.12
0.09
0.06
0.04
0.02
0.005

0.48
0.36
0.26
0.14
0.08
0.025

Diagonal
45 grados
y=x
0.001
0.01
0.02
0.05
0.1
0.15
0.2
0.3
0.4
0.5
0.6
0.7
0.8
0.9
0.95
1

100.0

15.0

56.9

2.20 2.320358

850

equilibrio

al

HL (kJ/kmol)
5440
5443
5421
5412
5230
5024
4667
4197
4494
3900
4565

5811
6434
6406

Entalpa composicin
120000

100000

80000

60000

40000

20000

0
0

y Fr acci n m o l d e ace to n a e n vap o r

-20000

0.9

0.8

0.7

0.6

0.5

0.4

0.1

0.2

0.3

0.4

0.5

x, y

0.6

0.7

0.8

0.9

y Fr acci n

0.9

0.8

0.7

0.6

0.5

0.4

0.3

0.2

0.1

0
0

0.1

0.2

0.3

0.4

0.5

0.6

x fraccion m olar de ace tona e n liq

0.7

0.8

0.9

x vrs. HL

cin

y vrs. HG
95462
-9744

0.7

0.8

0.9

Curva equilibrio

0.7

0.8

0.9

Diagonal
Rectificacin
Agotamiento

y
F
r
a
c
c
i

n
m
o
l
d
e
a
c
e
t
o
n
a
e
n
v
a
p
o
r

0.9

0.8

0.7

0.6

xD / R+1

0.5

0.4

0.3

0.2

0.1

0
0 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.8 0.9 1 Curvaequilbrio
Diagonal
xfrac ionmolarde acetonaenliq
q

xW
xD
R
xD / R+1

0.9687
1.8
0.345964

q
pendiente
x

1.08
13.99
y

0.0937
0.1137

0.0937
0.3793

xF

xD