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What is Gypsum & What is Phosphogypusm?

Gypsum chemically known as “Calcium Sulfate Dihydrate,” Gypsum contains
Calcium, Sulfur bound to Oxygen and Water. Gypsum is an abundant / a
colourless mineral / white minerals sometimes tinted by impurities, found in beds
as an evaporate and takes forms including alabaster - a material used in
decoration, construction, manufacture of plaster of Paris, cement, paint, school
chalk, glass, and fertilizer as far back as ancient Egypt.
Phosphogypsum means Calcium Sulfate and by-products produced by the
reaction of Sulfuric Acid with Phosphate Rock to produce phosphoric acid.
Which one do you prefer between these two and why?
We prefer the Phosphogypsum because it refers to the Gypsum formed as a byproduct of the production of fertilizer from phosphate rock. It is mainly composed
of Gypsum (CaSO). The latter is called Phosphogypsum, which contains more
water
than
Natural
Gypsum,
is
more
acidic
and
has
more
impurities.Phosphogypsum is generated from filtration process in phosphoric acid
plants where insoluble Gypsum (and other material) is separated from the
product i.e. phosphoric acid as efficiently as possible. The quality & quantum of
Phosphogypsum generation depends upon the quality of the phosphate rock,
process route used to produce phosphoric acid, calcium sulphate generated in dihydrate (CaSO4.2H2O) form.
What are the main differences between Natural Gypsum and
Phosphogypsum?
The Natural Gypsum and Phosphogypsum are two kinds of Gypsum, regardless of
having the same chemical formulas, have different structures: the Natural
Gypsum has a less distinct crystalline structure, and Phosphogypsum has a well–
defined crystalline structure with the majority of rhombic and hexagonal shape
crystals. This indicates that it has a more complex composition than natural
gypsum.
What are the types of associated additives present in Phosphogypsum
and in Natural Gypsum?

Chemical
Composition
CaSO4×2H2O
CaSO4×1/2H2O
CaSO4, anhydride
Bonded (fixed)water,
H4
2,Ototal
CaSO
Free CaO
Sum:
Freewater, at45°C
Calcination loss
SiO2+insoluble
Al2O3+Fe2O3
CaCO3
P2O5
Sum:
Total:

Natural Gypsum
(In Wt. %)

Phosphogypsum
Taken
From Plant’sPipe
(In74.16
Wt. %)


18.02
56.14

Phosphogypsum
(In Wt. %)

0.77
74.93

0.29
89.09

0.34
2.18
21.75
0.04

0.84
25.15
100.08

1.03
0.60
4.55
0.17
4.48
0.09
10.92
100.01


81.34
6.16
5.38
82.12
Excess:
0.70
88.20
Impurities
1.30
0.98
4.15
0.06
5.09

11.58
99.78

11.54
77.26

7.21
81.59

6.It is important to note that the two water molecules in the BPG are an integral part of the crystalline structure of gypsum and these needs to be taken into account when determining the moisture content of the material. The glass network connectivity (NC) was calculated for each glass and a modification for the presence of a separate P 2O5 phase was included (NC′). The maximum dry density is likely to range from 1470 to 1670 kg/m3 (92 to 104 lb/ft3). 31P and 29Si magic-angle-spinning nuclear magnetic resonance (MAS-NMR) spectroscopy was performed on glass series I and II to determine the structural units present and their relation to glass properties. Moisture contents in soil analysis are usually determined as the moisture loss after drying to constant mass at 105-110°C. The second series was designed to ensure charge neutrality in the orthophosphate (PO43-). based on standard Proctor compaction. This does make the testing of BPG samples a very slow process and the so called constant mass is never really achieved .3 to 2.87). therefore as P2O5 was added the Na2O and CaO content was varied to provide sufficient Na + and Ca2+ cations to charge balance the orthophosphate present. to hemihydrite (CaSO4. 31P MAS-NMR spectra of series I resulted in a broad resonance around 9 ppm corresponding to orthophosphate in an amorphous environment. by losing three quarters of the water of crystallisation. When drying BPG this would result in a transformation of the gypsum. It is thus necessary to determine the moisture content of BPG by drying to Aconstantmass@at45-50°C. The specific gravity of Phosphogypsumranges from 2. The first series (I) was a simple substitution of P 2O5 for SiO2 keeping the Na2O:CaO ratio fixed (1. The optimum moisture content of either type of Phosphogypsumcan normally be expected to fall within the range of 15 to 20 percent.00:0.there is a continuous loss of mass but it does slow down considerably and it is quite easy to decide at which point to determine the moisture content.2H2O). How does PH affect the quality and performance of Phosphogypsum / Natural Gypsum in your Organization? .Chemicaland Mineralogical Compositionof Natural Gypsum. Phosphogypsum TakenFrom Plant’s Pipeand Purified Phosphogypsum What is the effect of associated additives such as P2O5 and Moisture on the quality and performance Phosphogypsum & Gypsum? The effect of phosphate (P2O5) content on the structure of two series of bioactive glasses in the quaternary system SiO 2–Na2O–CaO–P2O5 was studied.