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Technical Process Bulletin


Alodine T 5900 For Use as an Anodize Seal

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Technical Process Bulletin


Technical Process Bulletin No.
This Revision: 07/25/2006
Alodine T 5900 For Use as an Anodize Seal

1.

Introduction:

Proper sealing is as important as proper anodizing. Sealing is a chemical


or a physical process, which by absorption, chemical reaction, hydration,
or other mechanisms increases the anodic coatings resistance to corrosion
and staining.
Many common seals utilize hydrothermal conversion of the aluminum oxide
produced in the anodizing step to form boehmite. Pure water, high
temperatures, and long immersion times are needed to form boehmite. Midtemperature seals work to produce a similar hydrothermal sealing effect but
at a slower rate.
Alodine T 5900 is an effective low temperature seal (80 F to 110 F) for
anodized coatings. The Alodine T 5900 sealing bath uses non-hexavalent
chrome technology to uniquely seal the pores in anodic coatings. This
chemical reaction sealing greatly extends the life of anodized coatings by
increasing the overall corrosion resistance of the oxide film. This
effectiveness is evident regardless of the acidic anodizing medium.
2.

Operating Summary:

Chemical:
Alodine T 5900
Alodine T 5900 Toner
DI Water

Bath Preparation per 100 Gallons:


2.5 3.0 gallons
0.5 0.6 gallons
Remainder

Operation and Control:


Alodine T 5900
Alodine T 5900 Toner
Operating pH

2.5 3.0% by volume


0.5 0.6% by volume
3.8 4.0

Note: DI water, less than 5 microsiemens, must be used to charge the Alodine
T 5900 tank.
For bath makeup, if the pH is less than 3.8, small additions of Alodine T
5900 Toner must be made with agitation or circulation
For bath makeup, if the pH is above 4.0, small additions of 5% by volume
Sulfuric Acid must be made with agitation or circulation. Use Sulfuric acid
only for this ph adjustment.
For working solutions, always make any needed additions of water, Alodine T
5900 to the bath and allow for complete mixing before measuring and
adjusting the pH, as stated above.

Anodizing Type:
Sulfuric Acid
Seal Temperature
Seal Time

80 110 F (27 43 C)
10 15 minutes

Sulfuric Acid (Thin Film)


Seal Temperature
Seal Time

80 110 F
10 15 minutes

Boric/Sulfuric Acid
Seal Temperature
Seal Time

80 110 F
12 15 minutes

Phosphoric Acid
Seal Temperature
Seal Time

3.
1.
2.
3.

150 F (66 C)
15 20 minutes

The Process:
Anodize using the required type.
Water rinse (deionized water, RO water, or good quality tap water.
Seal in Alodine T 5900 bath as directed above.

4.
Water rinse (good quality tap water, must be clear and free of
precipitates). This rinse can be used at room temperature or up to 140 F
(60 C) to aid in drying.
Note: A contaminated rinse may produce powdery residues.
4.

Equipment Recommendations:

PVC lined tanks are preferred for Alodine T 5900 seal solution and for the
rinse tank following the seal. 316 stainless steel is also a satisfactory
tank material. 316 stainless steel heating coils with a capacity to
maintain the needed temperature are recommended.
Filtering of the seal tank is highly recommended for extending the sealing
bath life. As with most seals, as the solution is utilized a fine
precipitate will gradually appear in the solution. Once the precipitate
reaches a certain level it may leave a slight powdery residue on the
surface which usually is unacceptable. Filtering removes the precipitate
and the powdering problem. Filtering alone will not ensure good results and
long life. The quality of rinse water, rinsing practices and line
conditions also affect bath life. Certain water soluble and non-filterable
contaminants, such as phosphates, inhibit good sealing and require the bath
to be dumped if they accumulate.
5.

Testing and Control:

Never pipet by mouth, use a pipet filler bulb.


Concentration:
Pipet a 10 mL sample of the Alodine T 5900 bath into a 100 mL volumetric
flask and dilute to the mark with deionized water (dilution #1). Pipet 5
mL of the dilution #1 into a 500 mL volumetric flask and dilute to the mark
with deionized water (dilution #2). Dilution #2 will be the testing
solution (sample) for the following HACH Method 8024 needed to determine
the chromium level.
HACH Method 8024, Alkaline Hypobromite Oxidation Method.
First fill the round Hach sample cell with 25 mL of the above sample
(Dilution #2). Add the contents of one Chromium 1 Reagent Powder Pillow
cap and mix well. Remove the cap and place in a boiling water bath for 5
minutes. Replace the cap and be sure to secure tightly. Cool the sample
cell to 77 F (25 C) under running water. Remove the cap and add the
contents of one Chromium 2 Reagent Power Pillow, cap and invert to mix.
Remove cap and add one Acid Reagent Powder Pillow, cap and invert to mix.
Remove cap and add one ChromaVer 3 Chromium Reagent Powder Pillow, cap and
invert to mix. Allow a 5-minute reaction time.
Prepare a blank by filling another sample cell with 25 mL of the sample
prepared in the 500 mL volumetric flask (dilution #2).
Zero the colorimeter with the blank and read the prepared sample.
To determine the bath concentration:
Reading in mg/L of Prepared Sample X 11.79 = % of Alodine T 5900
To increase the value of Alodine T 5900 by 1 point (%):
Add 1 gallon of Alodine T 5900 to 100 gallons of the bath and follow
with 0.2 gallons of Alodine T 5900 Toner.

6.

Process Note:

1.

When installing Alodine T 5900 sealing bath in a tank for the first
time, make sure that the tank and heating coils are clean.
Make up the Alodine T 5900 solution using deionized water or approved
tap water. Air or mechanically agitate when making any additions.
Agitation is not recommended during sealing operations.
pH is extremely important in properly sealing anodized aluminum. A
reliable pH meter is recommended for determining pH values. Sulfuric
acid is used to lower the bath pH; Alodine T 5900 Toner is used to
raise the pH.
Rinse thoroughly prior to sealing (two rinses preferred). Use a good
overflowing tap water rinse or a slightly overflowing deionized rinse.
Agitation is recommended in these rinses.
Maintain the concentration by making daily product additions.
Rinse thoroughly after sealing, using good quality water. It is
important that this rinse be kept clear to avoid "powdering".

2.

3.

4.

5.
6.

7. Precaution:
Consult the appropriate Material Safety Data Sheets for safety and handling
guidelines for the products listed in this bulletin.
Testing Reagents and Apparatus
(Order only those items which are not already on hand)

Code

Quantity

Item

xxxxxx ........... 2* ........... Volumetric Flask, 100-mL


xxxxxx ............2* ........... Volumetric Flask, 500-mL
592491 ........... 2* ........... Pipet, 5-mL Volumetric
592492 ........... 2* ........... Pipet, 10-ml Volumetric
592494 ........... 1 ............ Pipet Filler
Contact the Hach Company at (800) 227-4224 for the following reagents and
apparatus.
24019-06 ......... 2 ............ HACH Sample Cells
22425-00 ......... 1 ............ Total chromium reagent set (100 tests)
* Includes one more than actually required, to allow for possible
breakage.Beaker, 150-mL

Henkel Technologies
32100 Stephenson Highway
Madison Heights, MI 48071
Telephone: 248-583-9300
Fax: 248-583-2976

"The information presented herein is our interpretation of certain test results and field experience
to date. This information is not to be taken as warranty or representation for which we assume
legal responsibility, nor as permission or recommendation to practice any patented invention
without a license. It is offered solely for your consideration, investigation and verification."
Henkel Corporation.

Henkel Technologies
32100 Stephenson Highway
Madison Heights, MI 48071
Telephone: 248-583-9300
Fax: 248-583-2976

"The information presented herein is our interpretation of certain test results


and field experience to date. This information is not to be taken as warranty
or representation for which we assume legal responsibility, nor as
permission or recommendation to practice any patented invention without a
license. It is offered solely for your consideration, investigation and
verification." Henkel Corporation.

Stand vom: gedruckt am: 09/18/2006

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Verborgene Felder: 0Parker Amchem


Form Revised 04 June 2001